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Overview

Benefits of Protein And Its Side Effects

Proteins are essential nutrients present in all living organisms. They help in the development of organs, tissues, muscles, and hormones in the body. They are a great source of energy and support in the growth and functioning of our body. It is necessary to consume a high-protein diet while doing physical exercises. However, proteins are made up of a highly complex substance which takes a lot of effort to break itself down completely into energy. Hence, consuming excess protein put a lot of pressure on the liver and kidney thus ultimately causing harm to our body.

Benefits of Protein And Its Side Effects

Table of Content

Protein
Nutritional Value of Protein
Health Benefits of Protein
Muscle development
Help maintain an ideal weight
Help with bone metabolism
Prevent heart related diseases
Control sugar levels
Promotes the health of neurons in the brains
Slow down ageing process
Improved immune system
Help in hormone balance
Prevent hair damage
Makes skin healthy
Eliminates anxiety
Uses of Protein
Side-Effects & Allergies of Protein
Origin And Cultivation of Protein

Protein

Protein is made up of highly complex amino acids that are involved in the chemical processes that generate energy. Protein is derived from the Greek word ‘proteios’ which means “holding the first place.” This name was given by a Swedish chemist, Jöns Jacob Berzelius who recognized it in 1838. Proteins are important for our body and it consists of twenty amino acids. There are different types of proteins and these differ from one species to another and one organ to another.

Nutritional Value of Protein

Proteins are large compounds having a good amount of nutritional value. They are formed by the combination of smaller amino acids and contribute energy equivalent to 4 calories per 1 gram of protein to the body. Our daily diet generally consists of 10-35% proteins, which fulfill our daily requirement. It is usually recommended that one should take 1 gram of protein per 1 kg of body weight, in order to stay fit.

Health Benefits of Protein

Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Protein
Health Benefits of Protein

Muscle development

A protein-rich diet helps in building muscles in our body, which is an important aspect of body-building. It supports the building of tendons, ligaments and other tissues which help in maintaining a healthy muscle mass. It also helps to repair the damaged muscles to grow back stronger. Beef is one of the richest sources of protein, zinc, iron and folic acid. It is very good for muscle growth.Chicken breast are eaten by almost every bodybuilder and it delivers more proteins than any other option

Help maintain an ideal weight

Protein-rich diet help in maintaining an ideal body weight as it prevents overeating. A small amount of protein in your diet helps you to feel full and satisfies your daily dietary requirements. It is considered to be a good weight loss strategy

Help with bone metabolism

It helps in increasing calcium and magnesium absorption in our body, thereby increasing our bone strength. It also helps in healing bone fractures and even osteoporosis which consider it to be a very harmful bone disease

Many studies prove that proteins help prevent high blood pressure which further helps in improving the health of the heart. It also lowers down cholesterol levels if you switch from a carbohydrate-rich diet to protein-rich diet. It controls obesity and thus prevents heart – related diseases. Almonds and walnuts help in the prevention of heart-related diseases.

Control sugar levels

Insulin is a hormone which helps in maintaining blood sugar level. Proteins require very less amount of insulin whereas carbohydrates require a greater amount of insulin. Thus, protein-rich diet utilizes very less insulin and helps in control of sugar level. Thus, protein-rich diet is good for diabetic patients

Promotes the health of neurons in the brains

Studies show that proteins help in boosting healthy brain functions and hence promote learning and remembering things. In fact, proteins help in forming brain neurons which perform its functions smoothly. Beans are a rich source of protein and a very good vegetarian diet. They are also loaded with fiber which is good for neurological health

Slow down ageing process

Amino acids help in the detoxification process and also help in generating glutathione which help in reducing carcinogens in our body. Thus, it helps in slowing down the aging process by improving the overall health of the body. Soy which is also termed as a vegetarian protein is good in slowing down the aging process. Soy is rich in proteins and it is very good for the heart. Only 20 grams of soy daily can help to maintain a good health.

Improved immune system

Proteins helps in making the immune system much stronger because antibodies which fight with various diseases are made up of proteins. Our antibodies fight with foreign bodies called as antigens and these foreign bodies cause infections and diseases within our body. Thus, antibodies help in preventing diseases by boosting our immune system and make us immune to various diseases. Milk and its by-products such as cheese and yogurt are excellent sources of protein. They are also rich in all the minerals and nutrients required by our body. Yogurt is rich in probiotic bacteria which are good for the digestive system, hence improve the immune system

Help in hormone balance

Various hormones are made up of amino acids which perform various important functions in our body. Enzymes are protein catalysts that help in the balance of these hormones. They also help in carrying out various chemical reactions that occur in our body. The performance of hormones directly or indirectly depends on proteins.

Prevent hair damage

Healthy hair depends on our daily protein intake. Protein helps in preventing hair damage and therefore many hair care products contain protein. Studies show that keratin which is a protein that helps in preventing hair loss and also help make them shiny and healthy. Eggs are rich in keratin and it forms a very healthy and inexpensive complete diet. It is fortified with omega-3 fatty acids and it is believed that a breakfast is incomplete without eggs. Eggs help in the prevention of hair damage

Makes skin healthy

Healthy skin needs more protein and this can be achieved with the help of increasing seafood in your diet. Fish is an excellent source of protein. Fish such as salmon are rich in omega-3 fatty acids which is very good for the skin. It has very low fat as compared to meat.

Eliminates anxiety

Protein helps in decreasing anxiety and depression levels. Almonds, walnuts, and cashews are good for health and help in decreasing anxiety. They are rich in protein and magnesium which help in maintaining a healthy neurological system

Uses of Protein

Proteins are very useful for our body. They generate energy by carrying out important chemical reactions and help our body to perform different jobs. They promote growth and repair mechanisms in our body and help in improving the metabolism of our body. Proteins help in forming neurons, which in turn transmit signals from one part to another part of body. They also promote muscle mass and thus strengthen our muscle. Proteins are used by hormones, tissues, muscles and organs to perform various functions. Thus, proteins do all the major functions in our body. Proteins are converted into glucose by our body that generates the energy required for our body.

Side-Effects & Allergies of Protein

Many people who want a very good muscle growth jump on taking a high protein diet which causes many side-effects in the body. Too much consumption of everything is bad and may lead to severe health complications. High-protein/low-carb diets are also considered as a weight loss technique and many people without taking advice from a doctor or nutritional experts start consuming a lot of proteins. The intake of protein should be much lower than carbohydrates and when people take a greater amount of protein; their metabolism changes into a state called ketosis, which means the body converts from burning carbohydrates for fuel to burning its own fat. Ketosis suppresses appetite and people start eating less. It also occurs in diabetes and it disturbs body's elimination of fluids resulting in a loss of body’s water weight.

Origin And Cultivation of Protein

Many people who want a very good muscle growth jump on taking a high protein diet which causes many side-effects in the body. Too much consumption of everything is bad and may lead to severe health complications. High-protein/low-carb diets are also considered as a weight loss technique and many people without taking advice from a doctor or nutritional experts start consuming a lot of proteins. The intake of protein should be much lower than carbohydrates and when people take a greater amount of protein; their metabolism changes into a state called ketosis, which means the body converts from burning carbohydrates for fuel to burning its own fat. Ketosis suppresses appetite and people start eating less. It also occurs in diabetes and it disturbs body's elimination of fluids resulting in a loss of body’s water weight.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering for high blood pressure. I already start walk, exercise and little bit running in the morning 5: 30 am to 7: 00 am ang already start dieting. Kindly suggest me the diet plan and any other activity so we can manage my BP and weight. Regards.

MD, Fellowship in Intergrative Medicine, MBBS
Integrated Medicine Specialist, Kochi
Hypertension is al lifestyle diseases which require lifestyle solution and not a chemical cocktail of medicines. It just involves dietary changes and lifestyle changes Stop all dairy products Cut down animal protein Eat plant based High fiber diet Salt reduction. Do not eat any processed food .Cook your own food. Reduce stress by meditation and yoga exercise daily- for more specific advise on how to reverse bp without medicines naturally take a consult what you require is treatment of the root cause and not the symptoms. Has your Dr. Checked your inflammatory markers, vit D ,these needs to be done first because these are completely reversible causes for BP send a feedback, with your contact number and then if needed take a consult through Lybrate.
2 people found this helpful

I just want ask doctors that which is the best oil for decreasing hair loss and to increase hair density please tell me because I am facing too much problem of hair loss.

CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
1.Sulphur may help you grow new hair so take more Garlic, onion, eggs 2.Keep scalp clean 3.Do dry massage of scalp for 10 mts 4.Apply coconut oil to the scalp at night and wash in the morning 5.Treat dandruff with ketoconazole shampoo twice a week 6.If no dandruff use vatika shampoo 7.Take good healthy nutritious diet including fruits and vegetables- Eggs, Cheese ,Cauliflower ,Whole Grain atta, berries, mushrooms, banana, carrot ,peanut (good source of biotin vit B7) 8.Curry leaves extract (boiling in water and taking that water) 9.Do not apply any gel/lotion /any other chemical on scalp 10.Get thyroid t3 t4 tsh tested medicine can not be advised for open question for medicine contact on private chat good luck.
1 person found this helpful

Hello doctor im 24 years female from bangalore im going through huge number of hair loss daily kindly suggest me what should I do further to resolve this issue. Thank you.

MD Hom., Certificate in Food and Nutrition, BHMS, Diploma In Yoga, PGDM
Homeopath, Indore
Hair tips for better hair growth 1. Having a healthy diet - Having a diet which is full of protein, vitamins and minerals is an important aid towards having healthier hair growth. Consume food which is high in vitamin A, B, C and E. Vitamin B-complex is another very effective vitamin for promoting hair growth. For the minerals, try and consume iron, copper, zinc, selenium and magnesium. Walnuts, beans, flax seeds are rich in omega 3 fatty acids which are great for hair growth You could also have some juices of fruits and veggies, like orange, grapefruit or carrot, lettuce and beet 2. Castor oil has a high content of vitamin E and essential fatty acids, like omega 9. This is why it is an essential ingredient which helps to promote hair growth. Castor oil is too thick to be applied directly, which is why you must dilute it with oil like coconut, almond or olive. Massage your hair with the oil mix and leave it on for 30-45 minutes. You could also slightly get it heated. Shampoo your hair and condition as regular. 3. Regular scalp massage - When you massage your scalp, it promotes blood circulation which in turn stimulates our hair follicles. Along with that, deep condition the hair once a week with warm oil treatment or a deep conditioning hair mask. 4. Staying stress-less - Stress is one of the worst factors which contribute to hair loss. Stress disrupts the regular hair cycle and boosts strands of hair to fall out of place. You need to calm your senses and promote lesser stress! For handling stress, try and mediate, do breathing exercises or practice other relaxation techniques 5. Egg masks - Egg is an important ingredient from promoting better hair growth. They are full of protein and are added on with minerals like iron, sulfur, selenium, zinc, etc. Use an egg mask once or twice a month for promoting healthy hair and improved growth 6. Vitamin and herbal supplements - Supplements of folic acid, biotin, flaxseed oil, are some common elements for hair growth. Supplements of folic acid and biotin will have Vitamin B complex which aids to better hair growth. 7. Nourish hair with aloe vera - Aloe vera improves hair growth and protects from hair loss. You also reduce dandruff and restore the natural shine. Take fresh aloe vera gel and add some lemon juice to it Apply and let it soak for 20 minutes Shampoo the hair and repeat once a week 8. Be hydrated, have proper sleep, do oil your scalp twice a week for more queries, contact us.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Health Benefits of Soybeans

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad

1.     Soybeans can help individuals control weight.

Soybeans have been known to suppress the appetite, helping people eliminate the chances of overeating that leads to obesity and other health related risks. Also, soybeans provide considerable amounts of protein, which can lead to weight gain when taken in large quantities. The weight obtained from soybeans could protect the individual from chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

2.     Soybeans can contribute to improving your sleep.

Soybeans have a high content of magnesium, which is a mineral that is directly linked to improving the quality, duration, and tranquillity of sleep. Soybeans also help regulate the metabolism, to help reduce sleep disorders and the occurrence of insomnia.

3.     Soybeans may help prevent and manage type 2 diabetes.

Soybeans have the ability to increase insulin receptors in the body. This helps the body to handle the disease effectively or prevents diabetes from forming at all.

4.     Soybeans can contribute to improving circulation and oxygenation.

Soybeans are rich in copper and iron. Both are essential for the red blood cell formation. Increased red blood cell production increases oxygen to the cells and improves the metabolic activity. This prevents conditions like anemia.

5.     Soybeans may help to improve your digestive health.

Fiber can help prevent constipation and stimulate the contractions of the smooth muscles that forces food through your system. This aids in preventing dangerous conditions like colorectal cancer.

6.     Soybeans can help decrease the risk of congenital disabilities.

Soybeans are rich in the B-vitamin complex, particularly in folic acid. Folic acid helps the body to make healthy red blood cells and prevents anemia. It is also important for maintaining rapid cell division and growth during infancy and pregnancy. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants and may also result in neural tube defects in newborns.

7.     Soybeans have a significant vitamin and mineral density.

Soybeans are an excellent source of calcium, magnesium, copper, selenium, and zinc. These have a role in preventing osteoporosis and help speed the bone healing process. 

1 person found this helpful

Best Ways To Boost Sexual Stamina

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad

Every man wants to be a better lover.

For many men, the thought of being unable to provide a lasting and deeply fulfilling sexual experience for his partner is something that causes stress and anxiety.

You want to give the kind of sexual performance that has you hoping she’ll brag about it to her friends (instead of worrying she’ll be complaining to them).

Avoid unnecessary pressure

performing under pressure will only ruin your moment. Let your mind be free from sexual expectations as unnecessary pressure on your performance will affect your sexual stamina.

Foreplay is important

Jumping directly into intercourse is not only painful for your partner but can lead to decreased sexual stamina. Begin with foreplay, passionate kissing and indulge in oral sex. Starting slowly will help you end up in lasting longer.

Know your pleasurable points

Knowing your pleasurable points is important for your sexual performance. This way you will also learn to indulge in sexual intimacy for a longer duration.

Strengthen your pelvis muscles

Pelvic muscles play a significant role in your sexual life. Hence, it is important to strengthen them as it will increase your sexual endurance and enhanced performance.

Squats are helpful!

Trying body-weight squats can help in strengthening pelvic muscles. If you want to further increase your stamina, you can also try full squats or one-leg squats.

All you have to do is:

- Lie down on a flat bench and make sure that you are not arching your back. Grip the barbell with your hands shoulder-width apart and palms facing your feet. Press the barbell straight up and back down.

- Doing the presses on an incline, will place more emphasis on your upper chest, whereas a decline will place more emphasis on your lower body.

Kegel exercises

This is the best and easiest way to strengthen your pelvic muscles. The stronger your pelvic muscles are, the more are chances of increases sexual stamina. This also ensures that you have a stronger erection.

Limit your alcohol intake

If you are under the impression that alcohol helps you in performing better in bed, then get your facts clear. Alcohol makes you lazy and men may face problems with erection. So, avoid drinking alcohol if you want to make your partner happy and willing to enjoy sexual pleasure for a longer duration.

Eat protein enriched foods

Make sure you eat food loaded with protein. Protein contains essential amino acids that our body need in order to function properly. Include protein rich foods such as egg whites, low fat milk, fish and chicken in your diet.

Maintain a healthy weight

Maintaining healthy weight is important for your overall wellness. Know what should be your ideal weight according to your height and body structure. And if you are underweight, consult a health expert to maintain perfect weight. This can also help you in boosting your sexual stamina.

Before sex, do not over eat!

Stuffing yourself right before sexual session can lead to drowsiness. So, for a great sex, do not over feed yourself.

Maintain a balanced diet

To build your sexual stamina, watch what you eat. A well-balanced diet is important for your sexual health too. Eat low-fat products, plenty of fruits and vegetables and lean meat. This way you will stay healthy and will have improved physical and mental stamina.

Improve blood circulation

It is important to have good blood circulation for a longer and stronger erection. You can get a nice massage from your partner and those sensual touches will help you in getting improved blood flow and will release sex hormones.
 

10 people found this helpful

All That You Wanted To Know About Liver Transplantation!

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery)
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Pune
All That You Wanted To Know About Liver Transplantation!

The liver has many functions, including building proteins and other substances for the body to use, removal of waste products and toxins from the blood drug metabolism and energy storage. Liver disease causes these crucial functions to fail and when the failure is too severe to respond to medication liver transplantation may be an option.

Apollo Hospitals is among the few recognized transplantation centers in the country and has one of the largest transplantation registries. As liver transplantation is a major surgical procedure, the patients and family have quite a lot of concern areas. This broucher provides brief answer to frequently asked questions.

The information contain herein is of general nature and should not be construed as specific medical advice. Please consult your doctor for more details.

GLOSSARY

  1. Ascites: A build up of fluid in the abdomen.
  2. Autoimmune: A condition that results when the bile ducts inside and outside the liver don’t have normal openings. Bile becomes trapped in the liver causing jaundice and cirrhosis. If this condition is present from birth then without surgery it may cause death.
  3. Biopsy: Removing a small piece of tissue to view under a microscope.
  4. Cirrhosis: A chronic liver condition cause by scar tissue and damage to cells. Cirrhosis makes it hard for the liver to remove poisons (toxins) like alcohol and drugs from the blood. These toxins build up in the blood and may affect the brain.
  5. Cyclosporine: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  6. Immunosuppressant: Medicines that stop your immune system from attacking bacteria viruses and transplanted organs.
  7. Jaundice: A symptoms of many disorders. Jaundice causes the skin and white of eyes to turn yellow.
  8. Mycophenolate mofetill: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  9. Sirolimus: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  10. Steroids: A group of immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  11. Tacrolimus: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.

What are the donor organ options that are used for transplantation in children?

  • Reduced size liver graft: a piece of a liver is taken from a beain-dead person(cadaver donor)
  • Living donor transplant: A piece of a liver from adult living donor and is used as a transplant for a child. Over the past 10 year, nearly 1000 of these transplants have been done throughout the world. They have been just as successful as transplants of whole organs. There are some risks of adult donation for transplant to a child. These risks seem to be much smaller than the risks of a living donor transplant to an adult.

Are there technical problems in doing a transplant on a child?

Yes. It is a little more difficult because the blood vessels are very small. Also, the care after surgery must be done in ICUs that can handle such small children.

Do children get the same ani-rejection drugs as adults?

In general, children get the same type of drugs that adults get. However, children may have different side effects. Therefore, only doctors who specialize in this field should handle the follow-up of children after transplants.

What makes a transplant successful?

First, you must have good medical care. Then, families and patients should make every effort to keep in touch with their medical terms. Children who get liver transplants will need to take drugs on schedule, see their doctor often and may need more procedures. All this will help to make transplants successful and will help to give long and healthy lives to the children. So make sure you stay in touch with your transplant team and follow their advice. Ask for counseling when you have any problems.

What does my liver do?

  • It helps digest your food
  • It clears some wastes from your blood
  • It makes proteins that help your blood to clot
  • It helps control the way your body, uses food and works with the body’s defense system
  • It helps use and store vitamins
  • It breaks down many drugs

What are the signs of liver problems?

Some signs of liver problems are:

  • Feeling weak and sick in your stomach and losing appetite
  • Muscle wasting(becoming skin and bones)
  • Fluid build-up in the abdomen(ascites)
  • Yellow skin and eyes(Jaundice)
  • Forgetfulness, confusion or coma(encephalopathy)
  • Swollen hands/ legs
  • Itching
  • Bruising, bleeding easily and nose bleeds
  • Blood in vomitus, bloody/ black bowel movements

What is liver transplantation?

Liver transplantation is surgery to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy one. This kind of surgery has been done for four decades. Across the world thousands of people have had liver transplants and now lead normal lives.

Being tired and losing your appetite can be signs of liver problems. Liver transplants can help adults and children.

PEDIATRIC LIVER TRANSPLANTAION

Liver transplantation is now one of the best treatments for fatal liver diseases in children. New drugs and ways of doing surgery have greatly improved patient survival rates. In the liver transplants for children, there are two main issues.

  1. What caused the liver failure in the first place?
  2. What is the severity of disease process and how soon does the child need a liver transplant.

Why do children need liver transplant?

  • Billiary artesia: This is a disease in which a child is born with no bile ducts. It is the most common reason for liver transplants in children
  • Problems in digesting and using food: ‘Inborn errors of metabolism’ including the following conditions:
  • Alpha-I-antitrypsin deficiency tyrosinemia and wilson’s disease.
  • Lipid storage(Gaucher’s disease, Niemann-pick disease, Wolman’s disease, cholesterol ester storage disease)
  • Carbohydrate storage diseases(galactoserria and glycogen storage diseases)
  • Liver Cancers: Some liver cancers are found only in children
  • Sudden liver failure: This is a sudden liver failure that can cause death. It can have many causes. Mostly it comes from too much paracetamol or other drugs. In this kind of liver failure, a liver transplant can cure the problem if done early.

What is involved in the donor-evaluation process?

Donors undergo a thorough check-up that includes:

  1. Blood tests: Determine donor’s blood type, to see that it matches that of the person in need of the transplant. Blood tests are done to test the donor’s liver, kidney, and thyroid. Other trests are done to check for viruses such as hepatitis and HIV(the virus that causes AIDS)
  2. Physical Examination: If donor and recipient blood types are a close match the donor will get physical examination.
  3. Ultrasound: An ultrasound is done for the liver, other organs and the blood vessels
  4. Other Tests: Such as MRI, and CT Scans, help to give a complete view of the donor’s organs
  5. Tests of the lungs and heart may also be done. It takes 2 to 4 days for a donor to go through these tests. In an emergency situation, it can be done in as little as 48 hours

For how long does the donor remain hospitalized?

Donors stay in the hospital for up to 7 days after surgery. They may spend their first night after surgery in the ICU. The nest day they often go to the general surgical floor where the nurses have experience in caring for liver donors. Donors are encouraged to get out of bed and walk as soon as they are able.

How long before the liver donor is fully recovered?

For the most part, it takes about 4 weeks to recover from surgery. In the month after leaving hospital donors return to the hospital regularly to be checked. Donors often get back to work within 3 to 6 weeks. The medical staff will let you know when it is safe to return to normal life.

What are the donor’s health care costs?

The health insurance of the person who gets the transplant covers the donor’s health care costs. This includes the costs of the check up, doctor’s fess, hospital costs, and follow-up visits after surgery.

What are the reasons for needing a liver transplant?

In adults, the most common reason for liver transplantation is Liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is caused by many different types of liver injuries that destroy healthy liver cells and replace them with scar tissue. Cirrhosis can be caused by viruses such as hepatitis B and C, alcohol, autoimmune liver disease, build-up of fat in the liver and hereditary liver diseases. Sometimes the cause of liver cirrhosis is not known.

In children, the most common reason for liver transplantation is a billiary atresia. Bile ducts, which are tubes that carry bile out of the liver, are missing or damaged in this disease and obstructed bile causes cirrhosis. Bile helps digest food.

Other reason for needing liver transplantation is certain liver cancers, benign liver tumors, and hereditary diseases.

Sudden or rapidly developing liver failure may sometimes affect children and adults. The common causes of certain viral illness and reaction to some medicines like excess does of pain killers and even certain herbal/ traditional medicines. A liver transplant can save a life if undertaken at the right time.

How will I know whether I need a liver transplant?

Based on your sickness and liver disease status, your doctor may recommend you to the liver transplant unit for further evaluation. You will meet the liver transplant team. The team is usually led by a liver transplant surgeon and includes liver specialists (hepatologists), nurses, and other health care professionals. The transplant team will arrange blood tests, x rays, and other tests to help make the decision about whether you need a transplant and whether a transplant can be carried out safely.

Other aspects of your health like the condition of your heart, lungs, kidneys, immune system, and mental health will also be checked to be sure you’re strong enough for surgery.

Can anyone with liver problems get transplant?

You cannot have transplant if you have

  • Cancer in another part of your body
  • Serious heart, lung or nerve disease
  • Active alcohol or illegal drug abuse
  • An active severe infection
  • Inability to follow your doctor’s instructions

How did living-donor liver transplantation begin and how common is it?

Living donor transplants were first done in children because of the long waiting period for cadaver organs and increasing death rate on the list. It was done in children in the 1980s and is now being done in adults for the last 8 years. In India because of relative lack of cadaveric organs, the majority of transplants are done using living donor organs.

Who can become a donor?

People who want to be liver donor are carefully checked to ensure that they can safely give a part of their liver and that their liver is healthy. The first concern is the safety of the donor as well as being sure that the graft will work for the person in need. The risks to the donor are real. Discuss this with your doctor. In general liver donors must:

  • Be good in health
  • Have a blood type that is a close match to the blood of the person in nedd.
  • Not have a selfish motive for donating

There should be no pressure of any kind on a person to donate part of his liver nor should there be any money given or received.

LIVING DONOR TRANSPLANTATION

What is a living donor liver transplant?

A living-donor transplant is when someone who is alive gives a part of his or her liver to a person who needs a transplant. Family members such as parents, sisters, brothers, adult children or someone close, such as a spouse, may offer to give part of his or her healthy liver. This can be done because a healthy liver can grow new tissues. After the transplant, the liver parts of both the donor and person in need will grow and form complete organs.

What are the benefits of living donor liver transplantation?

The best reason for living donor transplant is that it shortens the waiting time for a liver. The timing of the surgery can be planned. The chance for as successful transplant is increased. Today, thousands of patients await liver transplantation but only handful cadaveric organs become available every year. A living-donor transplant gives those in need an early transplant before their liver failure gets worse and their livers are in danger.

How long does it take to get a new liver?

If the transplant team recommends that you need a transplant, you will be counseled regarding your options of living donor liver transplant or cadaver liver transplant.

If you have a living donor in your family your waiting time could be as short as one week. The living donors and donated livers are tested before transplant surgery. The testing makes sure the liver is healthy, matches your blood type and is the right size so that it has the best chance of working in your body.

In case you do not have a living donor, your name will be placed on a waiting list with your consent. Your blood type, body size and how sick you are, plays a role in deciding your place on the list. Currently, the sickest people are at the top of the list, so you may have to wait your turn.

While you wait for a new liver you and your doctor should talk about what you can do to stron for the surgery. You will also start learning about taking care of a new liver.

Where do the livers for transplantation come from?

Whole livers come from people who are brain dead (heart beat still present). These people are on breathing machines in various hospital ICUs. This type of donor is called “cadaveric donor”. Alternatively, a healthy person in the family can donate a part of his or her liver for the patient with liver failure. This kind of donor is called a ‘living donor’. More information on living donor liver transplantation is included in the latter part of this booklet.

Financial resources/ Health Insurance

You should check to be sure that you will be able to cover the cost of liver transplantation and prescription medicines. You will need certain medicines after the surgery and some for the rest of your life. Check with your employer, health insurance policy or aid organizations if they can support you in part or full.

What happens in the hospital?

When a liver is available, you will be prepared for the surgery. If your new liver is from a living donor, both of you and the donor will be in surgery at the same time. If your new liver is from a person who has recently died, your surgery will start when the new liver arrives at the hospital.

Can I go back to my daily activities?

Yes. After a successful liver transplant, most people can go back to their normal daily activities. Getting your strength back will take some time, depending on how sick you were before the transplant.

You will need to check with your doctor on how long your recovery period will be

  • After recovery, most people are able to go back to work
  • Most people can go back to eating as they eat before. Some medicines may cause you to gain weight others may cause diabetes or rise in your cholesterol. Meal planning and a balance low fat diet can help you remain healthy.
  • Most people can engage in physical activity after a successful liver transplant
  • Most people returned to normal sex life after liver transplantation. It is important for a woman to avoid becoming pregnant in the first year after transplantation.

You should talk to your transplant team about sex and reproduction after transplantation.

If you have any questions, you may check with your doctor before starting any activity.

Eating a healthy diet and taking the medications are part of taking care of your new liver.

What are the other problems that can damage the liver transplant?

Return of the problem that made the transplant necessary in the first place in less than 10% of patients with liver transplants. Also hepatitis C virus may damage a transplant if the patient was infected before the operation took place.

Rarely occurring problems include:

  • Blockage of the blood vessels going into or out of the liver
  • Damage to the tubes that carry bile in to the intestine

What if the transplant doesn’t work?

About 90% transplanted livers are still working after 1 year and about 85% livers are working at 5 years after transplant. If the new liver does not work or if your body rejects it, your doctor and the transplant team will decide whether another transplant is necessary.

How do I take care of my liver after I leave the hospital?

After you leave the transplant center at the hospital, you will see your doctor often to be sure your new liver is working well. You will have regular blood tests to check that your new liver is not being damaged by rejection, infections or problems with blood vessels and bile ducts. You will need to avoid sick people and report any illness to your doctor. You will need to eat a healthy diet, exercise and not drink alcohol. You should only use medicines, including ones you can buy without a prescription, after counseling your doctor. It is important to do what your doctor says to take care of your new liver.

During Surgery

The surgery can take from 6 to 14 hours. While the surgeon removes your diseased liver, other doctors will prepare the new liver.

The surgeon will disconnect your diseased liver from your bile ducts and blood vessels before removing it. The blood that flows into your liver will be blocked or sent through a machine to return to the rest of your body. The surgeon will put the healthy liver in place and reconnect it to your bile ducts and blood vessels. Your blood will then flow into your new liver.

After Surgery

You will stay in the hospital for an average 2 to 3 weeks to be sure your new liver is working. You will take medicines to prevent rejection of your new liver and to prevent infections. Your doctor will check for bleeding, infections and rejection. During this time you will start to learn how to take care of yourself and use your medicines to protect your new liver after you go home.

In the hospital, you will start eating again. You will start with clear liquids, then switch to solid food as your new liver starts to work.

What are the likely complications following a liver transplant?

Minor wound infection and discharge of liquefied fat is seen in about 10% of people. This will settle with little or no intervention. Major wound infection needing another surgery is extremely rare.

By now you are aware that liver transplantation involves making a lot of connections. There is an extremely small chance that these connections can become too tight or too loose. We have a very highly trained team of doctors who are able to treat them with minimally invasive techniques without resorting to another surgery.

Hepatic Artery Thrombosis (HAT) / Clotting of the hepatic artery is a rare complication seen in less than 4% of the patients and portal vein thrombosis is even rarer and is seen in less than 1% of the patients. When identified, the clot will have to be removed and it will involve another surgery. In spite of all this, if we are not successful, re-transplantation will be necessary.

What is rejection?

Rejection occurs when your body’s natural defenses, called the immune system, damage the new liver. Your immune system keeps you healthy by fighting against things that don’t belong in your body, such as bacteria and viruses. After a transplant, it is common for your immune system to fight against the liver and try to destroy it.

How is rejection prevented?

To keep your body from rejecting the new liver, you will have to take medicines. These drugs such as tacrolimus, cyclosporine, steroids, sirolimus and mycophenolate mofetil are called immunosuppressant. Immunosuppressants weaken your immune system’s ability to reject your new liver.

Do immunosuppressants have any side effects?

Yes. You can get infections more easily because these drugs weaken your immune system. You will need to stay away from people who are sick. These drugs may also increase your blood pressure, cause your cholesterol to rise, cause diabetes, weaken your bones and may damage your kidneys in the long run. Steroid drugs may also cause changes in how you look by causing weight gain. Your doctor and the transplant team will monitor these effects and treat you for any complications that may occur.

What are the signs of rejection?

Doctors will check your blood for liver enzymes at the first sign of rejection. Often rejection does not make you feel ill. Sometimes rejections can cause- pain, fever, jaundice, and changes in liver function tests.

Often a liver biopsy is needed to diagnose rejection. For a biopsy, the doctor takes a small piece of the liver to examine under a microscope. Blood tests will show if the new liver is being rejected.

Why liver is an important organ of the body?

The liver is one of the largest organs in your body. It helps digest the food you eat and convert it into energy. It also helps fight infections and cleans your blood, thus making it a very vital organ.

How lifestyle can affect the health of liver?

Due to our changing life style patterns, alcohol is consumed either as a status symbol or to cope up with stress. Alcohol puts a lot of stress on the liver, such continuous state of stress usually results in liver damage.

What are the different common diseases related to liver?

Cirrhosis, Viral hepatitis (Most common form across the world are Hepatitis A, B & C), fatty liver disease and alcoholic liver disorders are the common disease of liver.

What is a liver transplant and why is it done?

Simply put ‘Liver Transplantation’ is surgery to remove a diseased or injured liver and replace it with a healthy one from another person, also called as a donor.In adults, the most common reason for needing a liver transplant is ‘Cirrhosis’. This is caused by various different types of diseases which destroy the healthy liver cells and replace them with scar tissues.

What are the types of liver transplants?

There are two types of liver transplants – Living Donor and Deceased Donor Transplants. In case of the 'living donor' Liver Transplant, a portion of Liver from the living donor is removed and transplanted in the recipient patient. In both recipient and donor, the liver regenerates to necessary size in about 6 to 8 weeks. Only near relatives can donate. In deceased donor liver transplants, the donor is a brain dead person.

How much time is needed for patient to recover after liver transplant?

Recovery time ranges from 1 to 2 weeks. Proper care, follow-up and life-long medications are required for the new Liver to function properly.

Can liver grow back to normal after the transplant?

Yes. Liver is the only organ which can regenerate in case of living donor liver transplant, a portion of liver from the living donor is removed and transplanted in recipient patient. In both recipient and donor, liver regenerates to necessary size in 6-8 weeks. Only near relatives can donate liver in this case.

What does Sahyadri Hospital has in offering for Liver care?

Sahyadri Hospitals has an A-Z Liver Wellness Clinic dedicated for management of all types of diseases related to Liver, Pancreas, Bile ducts & Gall bladder. It Offers state-of-the-art facilities for Liver, Kidney & Pancreas Transplant with 24/7 availability of dedicated multi-disciplinary ‘Liver Team’, including Hepatologist, Critical Care Physicians and Liver Transplant Surgeons, a well-equipped Intensive care unit with dedicated nurses, physiotherapist and nutritionist.

What are the major risks in donating?

As with any major surgery, there will be pain from the incision, which will get better with time. Other risks to the donor include bleeding, infection, and temporary bile leaks. Fatalities in transplantation have been reported from certain transplant centers in the world but it is rare. Most have full recoveries and are healthy. Discuss regarding risk to the donors with your transplant surgeon.

What happens during donor surgery?

The incision is the shape of mirror image of ‘L’. The gallbladder is always removed. The donor’s liver is split into two parts. One part is removed for the transplantation. The surgeon then closes the wound with sutures and staples. There are later removed at a follow-up visit to the surgeon’s office. The liver begins to heal and grow new tissue. It takes about 8-21 weeks for the liver to grow back to its normal size.

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Liver Transplant Surgery - Everything You Need To Know About It!

MS - General Surgery, DNB - Surgical Gastroenterology, MBBS
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Ghaziabad
Liver Transplant Surgery - Everything You Need To Know About It!

As you might already know, the liver performs some important functions for the body such as removing toxins from the blood stream, regulating the immune response, processing hormones, nutrients, and medications, production of bile, production of protein, etc. That’s why the liver is considered to be the most important organ of the human body, and it’s vital to have a healthy, functioning liver. However, in some cases, a person needs a liver transplant. This is a complex surgical procedure that aims at replacing a non-functioning liver with a healthy liver from a donor.

Why is liver transplant done?
Liver transplant is mostly done in cases where the conditions cannot be controlled with conventional treatment or people suffering from cancer. A liver failure generally happens over a period. But, there are cases where the liver might fail in a matter of days. This condition is termed as an acute liver failure.

Chronic liver failure, on the other hand, happens gradually and can be a result of a lot of factors; the most common being liver cirrhosis. The latter can befall due to reasons such as hepatitis C and B, liver fat, Wilson’s disease, alcohol abuse, etc.

When do you need a liver transplantation?
The liver carries various functions important function in the body. Any disease or damage to it can affect the functioning of many other organs and total body functioning. However, the good thing is that liver can regenerate itself and only when it is damaged to an extent that affects this regeneration process; that one needs to look at the various treatment options. Liver transplant is recommended as the last resort in case of serious life threatening liver diseases like the following-

  1. Chronic liver failure
  2. Liver cirrhosis
  3. Acute hepatic necrosis
  4. Auto immune hepatitis
  5. Viral hepatitis
  6. Cancerous tumors in the liver
  7. Other metabolic disorders caused by the liver

For you to be eligible for a liver transplantation it is a must to remain sober for at least 6 months before the procedure happens.

Who can donate healthy liver for transplantation?
Ideally, a healthy liver is available for transplantation once the organ donor has died. However, due to the shortage of cadaver livers, transplantation of a portion of a healthy liver from a living donor was first attempted in the late 1980s. Today living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is a common practice in quite a few medical institutes where up to 70% of the right side of the healthy liver is taken from the donor. 

Apart from the liver portion, a small part of a blood vessel in the leg is also removed from the donor’s body to connect the donated liver portion to the recipient. Due to this complex process, the donor may need a hospital stay for a week or longer. During this time the donor’s liver begins to heal and regenerate itself. Full regeneration generally takes six to eight weeks. In case of the recipient, it takes a bit longer for the transplanted portion to reach full function and the appropriate size. Thus the ability of the liver to regenerate helps both the donor and recipient to have a normal functioning liver in some time.

Risks and Benefits of Liver Transplantations
A good transplant centre ensures that all the safety measures are followed during the liver transplantation by the transplant surgeon and there is no risk of complications like bleeding, infection, blocked blood vessels bile ducts in the liver. A successful liver transplant increases the life span of the donor by a few years. However, the new liver can also get infected with hepatitis if it is not treated alongside. Also, relapse to alcohol use after transplant causes damage to the new liver, so stay sober and stay healthy.

What are different phases involved in the process?

  1. The first part of the process involves identifying a transplant centre that is reliable, trustworthy and performs enough transplants in a year. It is important to figure out the survival rate, factor in the cost, access the additional support that the centre can extend, etc.
  2. The next part is the evaluation. Any hospital evaluates a person with three things: A. whether the body is healthy enough to support medications for the rest of the life. B. Whether there exists any pre-medical condition that can jeopardize the procedure. C. If the patient is willing to follow the treatment plan for the rest of the life.
  3. Another phase that enters here is the testing phase. Some of the typical tests that are conducted include imaging test of the liver, basic laboratory tests, nutritional counselling, heart tests, routine health exam, financial counselling, etc. Once these procedures are over and done with, the selection panel of the centre meets to discuss the case and put the patient on the waiting list.

Is there a post-surgery procedure?

Once the patient is matched and the surgery takes place, a patient is likely to be in the intensive care unit for a few days followed by frequent check-ups for the first few months and the medicine continues for the rest of the life.

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Body Inflammation (Soojna) - 7 Foods That Can Help Reduce It!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), C.R.A.V
Ayurveda, Delhi
Body Inflammation (Soojna) - 7 Foods That Can Help Reduce It!

Inflammation or soojan in the body can make it difficult for you to follow your daily routine. According to Ayurveda, this is caused by an imbalance of the pitta dosha. As the pitta dosha increases, the heat in the body also increases leading to inflammation and other issues. To reduce the pitta dosha, one must consume foods that are not hot or warm in nature and increase the consumption of foods that have a cooling effect.

7 amazing foods that can really help:

  1. Turmeric: Turmeric contains an important anti-inflammatory compound known as curcumin. This can help reduce inflammation associated with arthritis, arteriosclerosis, asthma, and cancer. It also reduces the effects of inflammatory oxidants such as nitric oxide. Turmeric can be used to flavor foods or steeped into a tea.
  2. Flax: Nuts such as flax and pumpkin seeds are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids. They also help cool the body. Some other nuts and seeds that you could include in your diet are almonds that have been soaked in water overnight and peeled, sunflower seeds, coconut and popcorn without salt. Avoid nuts such as brazilian nuts, chia seeds, cashew nuts, walnuts and sesame seeds as they can increase body temperature.
  3. Garlic: Garlic is a wonder food that is very important in a pitta pacifying diet. Along with other nutrients, garlic contains allicin that has strong anti-inflammatory properties. Consuming garlic on a regular basis can also help protect a person against heart diseases by reducing inflammation in the veins and arteries.
  4. Ginger: According to Ayurveda, ginger is considered as an universal medicine. This herb has anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce inflammation. It also aids in digestion and promotes healthy blood circulation. The best way to consume ginger to fight inflammation is to steep it in a tea.
  5. Whole grains: To reduce the pitta dosha, you should include plenty of dry, sweet whole grains in your diet. This includes barley, oats, quinoa, wheat and rice. These foods are good sources of fiber and proteins. They also have a low glycemic index and help maintain body temperature.
  6. Leafy vegetables: Vegetables that reduce the pitta dosha are usually sweet and astringent. These vegetables are best eaten raw at mid-day when the digestive system is functioning at its peak. Lettuce, kale, leeks, collard greens and wheat grass are some of the vegetables that you must include in your diet. On the other hand, avoid spicy vegetables like green chillies, onions, and radishes.
  7. Tomatoes: Tomatoes contain lycopene that helps reduce inflammation in the lungs. This vegetable can be consumed raw or juiced but when cooked, the lycopene amount increases. However, avoid raw tomatoes as they can irritate the digestive system.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Table of Content

Protein
Nutritional Value of Protein
Health Benefits of Protein
Muscle development
Help maintain an ideal weight
Help with bone metabolism
Prevent heart related diseases
Control sugar levels
Promotes the health of neurons in the brains
Slow down ageing process
Improved immune system
Help in hormone balance
Prevent hair damage
Makes skin healthy
Eliminates anxiety
Uses of Protein
Side-Effects & Allergies of Protein
Origin And Cultivation of Protein