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Magnesium is a mineral supplement used for the prevention and treatment of extremely low amounts of magnesium in the blood. Magnesium is necessary for proper functioning of nerves, muscles, cells, bones and the heart.

The body generally absorbs magnesium from a well-balanced diet, but in case your body cannot retain an adequate amount of magnesium, Magnesium is used to provide the body with the magnesium needed.

Magnesium is also used in combination for short-term treatment of occasional constipation and symptoms of hyperacidity, and employed for magnesium replacement therapy. Patients with colostomy or an ileostomy, intestinal obstruction, faecal impaction, renal failure, appendicitis, hypersensitivity to any component must avoid taking Magnesium.

Do not take Magnesium if you are allergic to any of the ingredients present in it. Before using Magnesium tell your doctor if you are using any prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs, or other herbal and dietary pills and supplements, if you are pregnant and/or breastfeeding, or if you have a history of kidney disease.

Also let your doctor know your history of medical problems, pre-existing diseases and current health conditions. Magnesium is administered orally, and should be taken in doses prescribed by the doctor. Dosage depends on conditions such as medical condition, diet, age, and counteraction with other medicines.

Common side effects of Magnesium include diarrhea and stomach upset. Rare side effects include rash, itching, swelling, trouble breathing, dizziness, lightheadedness, and other allergic reactions.

Information given here is based on the salt content of the medicine. Uses and effects of the medicine may vary from person to person. It is advisable to consult a Gastroenterologist before using this medicine.

The most common use of this medication is:

  • Ileostomy

  • Intestinal Obstruction

  • Renal Failure

  • Hypersensitivity

Common side effects of this medicine include:

  • Is It safe with alcohol?

    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
  • Are there any pregnancy warnings?

    Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.
  • Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

    Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.
  • Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?

    There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
  • Does this affect kidney function?

    Caution must be taken in patient with kidney disease. Adjustment of dose is needed. Kindly consult your doctor before taking it.
  • Does this affect liver function?

    There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
  • Are there any missed dose instructions?

    If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
  • Are there any overdose instructions?

    Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.

Below is the list of medicines, which contains Magnesium as ingredient

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The active constituent of this medication is one of the essential macrominerals required by the body. It has multifunctional thereby it’s supplements works by activating numerous enzyme reactions that translate to biochemical reactions. It is crucial for nerve transmission, muscle contraction, blood coagulation, energy production, nutrient metabolism and cell formation.

Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.

  • Interaction with Lab Test

    Intake of this medicine can cause increase in magnesium and decrease in protein, calcium and potassium level in serum.
  • Interaction with Medicine

    Decreased effect: Decreased absorption of tetracyclines, digoxin, indomethacin, or iron salts.
  • Interaction with Disease

    Use with caution in patients with severe renal impairment, (especially when doses are >50 mEq magnesium/day); hypermagnesemia and toxicity may occur due to decreased renal clearance of absorbed magnesium. Decreased renal function (Clcr <30 mL/minute) may result in toxicity; monitor for toxicity.
  • Interaction with Food

    May be administered with fluids, taste can be improved by following each dose with citrus fruit juice

Ques: What is Magnesium?

Ans: Magnesium is a mineral supplement used for the prevention and treatment of extremely low amounts of Magnesium in the blood. It is necessary for the proper functioning of nerves, muscles, cells, bones, and the heart.

Ques: What are the side-effects of Magnesium?

Ans: Minor side-effects are diarrhoea, gastrointestinal pain, nausea, and flushing. While rare side-effects are lightheadedness, rash, itching, swelling, trouble breathing; you should contact your doctor if the side-effects persist.

Ques: What is Magnesium most commonly used for?

Ans: Generally Magnesium is used as an antacid, constipation, and pregnancy complications like pre-eclampsia and eclampsia.

Ques: In what conditions Magnesium shouldn’t be taken?

Ans: Magnesium shouldn’t be taken if you’re trying to get pregnant, if you have kidney disease, or an allergy as its inactive components may cause an unwanted reaction. Magnesium shouldn’t be taken without consulting your doctor.

Ques: What is the approved dose of Magnesium?

Ans: For infants it’s 30mg and for males between 31-50 it’s 420 mg. Your doctor will prescribe the required quantity according to age and the type of treatment. Overdosing on Magnesium may cause serious issues such as loss of cognizance, respiratory arrest, cardiac arrhythmias, and cardiac arrest.

Ques: What is the mode of administration of Magnesium?

Ans: It is taken orally in an amount as prescribed with a glass of water, for the better absorption of Magnesium it should be taken with a meal or after a meal.

Ques: What to do in case of a missed dosage?

Ans: Take the medication as soon as you remember, however, skip it if the timing is closed to the next scheduled dose.

Ques: What are the dietary instructions while taking Magnesium?

Ans: There are no specific dietary instructions to go with this medication, unless prescribed by the doctor, continue your usual healthy dietary plan.

Ques: Is Magnesium safe to consume with alcohol?

Ans: Not much information is available about consuming Magnesium with alcohol, hence it should be avoided until discussed with a doctor.

Ques: Is it safe to drive while on Magnesium?

Ans: There is not enough information available for this case, you should consult with your doctor.
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

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Content Details
Written By
PhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child Care
Reviewed By
MBBS, Master in Healthcare Administration, Diploma in Occupational Health
General Physician
Table of Content
About Magnesium
What are the uses of Magnesium
What are the contraindications of Magnesium ?
What are the side effects of Magnesium ?
Key highlights of Magnesium
What are the dosage instructions?
Medicines containing Magnesium
How does this medication work?
What are the interactions of Magnesium ?
FAQs about Magnesium