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Last Updated: Oct 06, 2020
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Diarrhoea - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Diet and Home Remedies

About Symptoms Causes Precautions Diagnosis Treatment Diet Home Remedies

What is Diarrhoea?

Nearly two billion cases of diarrhoea are reported every year from across the globe. Among all the cases the ten percent of the patient suffering from diarrhea are children. In some of the developing countries, the children suffering from diarrhea can also die. The basic characteristic of diarrhoea is that in this condition a loose water stool is experienced by a person. In the majority of the cases the frequency with which the stool passes also increases.

However, the consistency of the stool is not normal. The majority of the cases of diarrhea are caused by either some bacteria, parasite, or virus. There are various medical conditions as well which can cause diarrhoea like inflammatory bowel disease and crohn’s disease. One of the most common health complaints across the world is that of diarrhoea. This condition can range from mild, temporary to a life threatening condition.

What are Signs and Symptoms of Diarrhoea?

As described above diarrhea is a condition in which a person has some loose watery stools. However, the condition of diarrhea may be accompanied by various other symptoms like

  • Pain in the stomach
  • Bloating
  • A person may feel thirsty
  • There may be fever
  • A person might experience some weight loss
  • A person might also suffer from some abdominal cramps.

If diarrhea is a symptom of some other medical condition then the symptoms can be worse. Some of the worse symptoms which can be experienced are

  • A person may experience persistent vomiting
  • There may be pus or blood in the stool
  • A person may be dehydrated

If diarrhea is severe then it is an indication of some severe illness in the body of the patient.

What are the Causes of Diarrhoea?

The majority of the cases of diarrhea are due to an infection in the gastrointestinal tract. The infection occurs because of either parasites, viruses, or bacteria. Other major causes of chronic diarrhoea are inclusive of:

  • Microscopic colitis: This can be a persistent diarrhoea that sometimes affects older adults, usually throughout the night.
  • Malabsorption and maldigestion diarrhea: The primary is caused due to impaired nutrient absorption, the second by improper functioning of the digestive system. One example is Celiac disease
  • Chronic infections: A history of antibiotic use or travelling is often clues to chronic diarrhoea. numerous bacteria and parasites are often the cause.
  • Drug-induced diarrhea: The diarrhea can be triggered by laxatives and alternative medicine, as well as antibiotics.
  • Endocrine causes: In some of the cases the hormonal factors can lead to diarrhea for instance carcinoid tumors and Addison disease.
  • Cancer causes: Growth diarrhoea is related to variety of gut cancers.

What are the Precautions for Diarrhoea?

In case of viral diarrhea some of the precautions which can be taken are given below

  • Before preparing any food it is necessary that a person washes his/her hands. It is essential to wash hands after using toilet, changing diapers, coughing, sneezing, and handling meat which is uncooked.
  • For proper washing of the hands a person must lather with soap for a minimum of 20 seconds.
  • If a person is at a place where washing hands in not possible then he/she must make use of hand sanitizers.
  • For the protection of the infants from the rotavirus which is the most common cause of diarrhea, the mother of the child can ask the doctor for the vaccination.
  • For the prevention of the travellers diarrhoea a person must follow the following steps to ensure the risk of diarrhea is reduced
  • A person should eat food products which are hot and properly cooked. Raw and under cooked foods must be avoided at all cost.
  • Drink either boiled water or mineral water. Even the beverages like tea and coffee must be made from boiled water.
  • Before travelling outside it is better that a person asks about the antibiotics which can be taken in case of diarrhea.

How Diarrhoea is Diagnosed?

For diagnosing the condition of diarrhea first the doctor would ask for the symptoms and the medicines which are currently being consumed by him/her. The past medical history will also be taken into consideration. A doctor would be able to diagnose the cause of diarrhea very easily.

However, a doctor may order stool test to confirm the diagnosis and the reason of diarrhea. If a person is suffering from the condition of severe or chronic diarrhea then a doctor may recommend the following tests

  • Liver function test: This test indicates abnormality in the albumin level of a person
  • Test for malabsorption: These will check the retention of calcium, nutrient B-12, and folate. They will likewise evaluate iron status and function of thyroid.
  • Testing for antibodies: This test may detect the presence of celiac disease.
  • Full blood count: Raised platelet count or anemia will indicate towards inflammation.
  • ESR level: The raised level of ESR will indicate the presence of inflammatory disease.

What is the Best Treatment for Diarrhea?

In most cases, replacing lost fluid to prevent dehydration is the only treatment necessary. Medicines that stop diarrhoea may be helpful in some cases, but they are not recommended for people whose diarrhoea is from a bacterial infection or parasite, stopping the diarrhoea traps the organism in the intestines, prolonging the problem.

Instead, doctors usually prescribe antibiotics. Viral causes are either treated with medication or left to run their course, depending on the severity and type of the virus. In adults with diarrhoea, it may help to drink plenty of fluids to avoid becoming dehydrated.

Adding bulk to the diet may thicken the stool and decrease the frequency of stools. Certain foods thicken the stools, including rice, bananas, yogurt, and cheese. An increase in fibre from whole-wheat grains and bran add bulk to the diet.

What Should I Eat to Stop Diarrhoea?

Apart from taking the medicine for the treatment of diarrhea it is essential that a person follows some diet plan for quick and speedy recovery like

  • After every passing of stool one should drink a glass of water.
  • Don't drink during meals.
  • Consume food products which are rich in potassium.
  • Consume food products rich in sodium content.
  • Consuming foods which are rich in soluble fiber is good for the body and it thickens the stools as well.
  • Fried and sugary food must be avoided at all cost as they might make diarrhea worse.

Read More About: A proper diet for diarrhoea helps to fight against loose motions.

What are the Home Remedies for Diarrhoea?

Some of the home remedies which can be used for the treatment of diarrhea are as follows

  • A person should not eat fibrous food products and fruits like prune juice and apple.
  • Having strong coffee can be helpful for the person suffering from diarrhea.
  • Avoiding milk products like milk, cheese, paneer can be beneficial.
  • Mixing fenugreek seeds and cumin seeds with yogurt can not only cure diarrhea, but it also helps in regaining body balance.

Popular Questions & Answers

Mujhe piles ki problem hai main specialist se treatment karwa rahi thi but covid k wajha se abhi ja nahi sakti to unki medicine continue kar rahi hu ciplox, seroz- d, flamheal fort tablet etc. But problem is that ki ye mujhe medicine leti hu thik lagta hai baad me phirse same problem. Please tell me kya karu.

MCh(Minimally Invasive & Robotic Surgery), MS - Surgical, MBBS
General Surgeon, Guwahati
Hi madam. Will it be possible for you to send a pic of the area for visual examination. Normally, we treat piles with laxatives, hot sitz bath nad application of ointment. I will suggest you to avoid two things. One. Is constipation and the other ...

Whenever I am sitting straight either on bed or chair I started dry cough and it doesn't stop until I lie down. Also after taking azithromycin 500 1 tab I have done 2,3 times vomits and now nothing is getting digested in my stomach. The point I eat anything after some time I need to go to loo.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MRCS- Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, DLO RCS England, FRCS
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
Dear Ms. lybrate-user, there are many causes for cough and not all of them are due to infections. So antibiotics may not always help. Since you are vomiting and having digestive issues, that may need to be assessed. It is better to consult a docto...

I am suffering from balance problems vertigo sinking sensation chronic tinnitus for last 2 years upset stomach excessive gas indigestion etc Dr. Prescribed me thimin 100 mg twice daily livpres supplement twice daily and stemetil 5 mg sos will this cure my chronic problem I am very depressed.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MRCS- Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, DLO RCS England, FRCS
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
Dear Mr. lybrate-user, since you have been having symptoms over a long time, it is very important that you see a good ent surgeon and identify the problem so the correct treatment can be given. It would be depressing and stressful to anybody if th...

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