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Overview

Diarrhoea - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Diarrhea is a very common condition. It is generally classified as a symptom or an underlying cause of a disease or a disorder. It can range from mild to severe. It can even cause death in chronic situations. Diarrhea is characterized by unusually watery or loose stools. Generally babies who breastfeed pass pasty and loose stool, this should not be confused with symptoms of diarrhea and is completely normal.

Facts about diarrhea:

  • It can be chronic, persistent and acute.
  • It is caused due to infection by viruses, bacteria and parasites.
  • Chronic diarrhea is also called irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  • Diseases such as Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are major causes of chronic diarrhea.
  • Diarrhea is usually diagnosed by testing stool samples of the affected.
  • Diarrhea can cause severe dehydration, which is why electrolytes and fluids are given during treatment.
  • Zinc supplements and antidiarrheal medications are given to reduce the symptoms of diarrhea.
  • Probiotic and nutritional interventions can also be used during diarrhea.

Classification of diarrhea:

  • Acute diarrhea- This type of diarrhea lasts between number of days to several hours. It usually lasts less than 14 days. Acute diarrhea includes virus found in cholera. Blood found in acute diarrhea is a sure symptom of dysentery.
  • Persistent diarrhea- The diarrhea which lasts more than 2 weeks but less than 4 weeks is called persistent diarrhea.
  • Chronic diarrhea- This form of diarrhea is extremely fatal and needs immediate medical attention. Chronic diarrhea occurs when you experience watery stools for more than 4 weeks.

What causes diarrhea?

Diarrhea can be caused when there is high mobility of the intestines or when there is acute inflammation of the intestinal walls. Secretory diarrhea occurs from chloride secretions inside the bowels. This leads to a huge loss of fluid. Whereas, osmotic diarrhea is caused when the small intestine fails to absorb soluble compounds, this leads to the water flowing into the gut.

Other causes of diarrhea include:

  • Microscopic colitis- This form of diarrhea only affects older people. It is usually persistent at night.
  • Malabsorptive diarrhea- It is caused by inadequate nutrient absorption. It can also be caused due to a condition known as celiac disease.
  • Drug induced factors- Sometimes consumption of too many laxatives can lead to acute diarrhea.
  • Endocrine causes- Disorders such as hyperthyroidism, carcinoid tumors ad Addison disease can result to diarrhea.
  • Cancer causes- Neoplastic diarrhea is a symptom of gut cancer.
Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Abdominal pain Abdominal cramps Frequency to visit the toilet Passing of watery stool Vomiting Nausea

Popular Health Tips

Illness - 5 Signs You Might Acquire Anytime Soon!

Dr. Sree Hari Reddy Gadekallu 89% (44 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellowship in Rheumatology
General Physician, Khammam
Illness - 5 Signs You Might Acquire Anytime Soon!
The trouble with recovering from most illnesses is that we begin to treat the illness too late. Although you cannot expect your body to announce the arrival of a virus, recognizing the signs of falling sick can help treat it earlier. For example, if you can't stop sneezing and can feel the onset of the flu, getting some extra sleep may make you feel better. Here are a few signs that can predict an illness Reduced appetite - A slight decrease in appetite during the summer is normal but if the sight of food makes you nauseous or you stop enjoying your food, it may be a sign of an oncoming illness. These illnesses could range from a simple cold to gastroenteritis or strep throat. A diminishing diet can be a result of the production of cytokines by the body as part of its inflammatory response to infections. Lesser food takes lesser time to digest thereby using lesser calories and diverting energy towards fighting the infection. Swollen neck glands - Feel your neck glands, just below the jawbone to check for infections. Swollen neck glands are the body's way of letting you know that you may be falling ill. These are usually a sign of ear infections, cold, dental problems or skin infections. Neck glands are storehouses for white blood cells. When these are activated into fighting infections, the collection of dead cells, bacteria etc result in swollen neck glands. Fatigue - There's a difference between being tired at the end of a long day and being exhausted throughout the day. The latter is a way your body is telling you to slow down and conserve energy to fight an oncoming illness. Muscle aches - Aching muscles can also be a sign of the oncoming flu. One of the main reasons for this is the body's production of antibodies that release histamines and cytokines in the bloodstream. When these travel to various muscles, they can trigger pain receptors leading to body aches. Low fever - The ideal body temperature is 98.7 degrees. If you have a higher temperature that persists for a few days, you may be coming down with an infection. Fever is your body's way of fighting infection by raising its internal temperature. A low fever is a sign of colds, allergies, and even stomach infections. There is a fine line between being a hypochondriac and recognizing signs of falling sick. To differentiate between the two, pay attention to the type, duration, and intensity of symptoms. If you feel like you're on the verge of falling sick, rest your body and take some multivitamins. If you experience a sudden or severe change in symptoms, consult a doctor immediately.
3536 people found this helpful

Loose Motion In Hindi - दस्त का इलाज

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Loose Motion In Hindi - दस्त का इलाज
लूज मोशन को ही पेट झड़ना या दस्त भी कहते हैं. ये समस्या भी आम तौर पर खाने में अनियमितता या अन्य किसी वजह से कई लोगों को परेशान करती है. इस बीमारी में शौच एकदम पतला होने लगता है. इसमें आपको बार-बार शौच जाना पड़ सकता है. इसके साथ ही आपको पेट में मारोड़, दर्द या ऐंठन जैसा भी महसूस हो सकता है. लूज मोशन से डिहाईड्रेशन की समस्या उत्पन्न हो जाती है. क्योंकि बार-बार शौच जाने से शरीर के लिए आवश्यक पानी, खनिज तथा लवण आदि तेजी से बाहर निकल जाता है. सामान्य सी लगने वाली इस बीमारी में यदि आप लगातार पानी नहीं पी रहे हैं तो डिहाईड्रेशन के कारण मौत तक हो सकती है. क्योंकि डिहाईड्रेशन की वजह से शरीर में पानी और लवण की कमी हो जाती है. इस लिए दस्त के निम्नलिखित लक्षणों के आधार पर यदि ये दो दिन में ठीक न हो तो चिकित्सक से अवश्य परामर्श लें. लूज मोशन के लक्षण बार-बार शौच आना कभी-कभी शौच में खून आना पेट में सूजन बुखार के साथ ठण्ड लगना सामान्य से अधिक प्यास लगना पेट में गड़बड़ी महसूस करना पेट के निचले हिस्से में अचानक बहुत तेज दर्द का अनुभव करना क्या हो सकते हैं दस्त के कारण? 1. दस्त की समस्या उत्पन्न होने का मुख्य कारण है आँतों में जरुरत से ज्यादा द्रव का जमा होना. हलांकि कई बार आंतों द्वारा तरल पदार्थ को ठीक तरह से अवशोषित न कर पाने से या फिर आँतों से मल के तेजी से निकलने के कारण भी ऐसा होता है. 2. कई बार दस्त की समस्या जीवाणुओं द्वारा संक्रमण या टॉक्सिन आदि भी हो सकता है. कभी-कभी किसी प्रकार का तनाव या किसी प्रकार के डर के कारण भी दस्त शुरू हो सकते हैं. ऐसे दस्त को क्रोनिक या जीर्ण दस्त कहते हैं. 3. दस्त या लूज मोशन होने के अन्य कारणों में कुछ एंटीबायोटिक दवाएं, किसी तरह के पेट के रोग, फ़ूड इन्फेक्शन, एलर्जी, शराब पिना, ज्यादा मिठाई खाना आदि है. क्या है इसका उपचार? 1. नींबू पानी ओआरएस का घोल आप घर पर नींबू की सहायता से बना सकते हैं. आपको एक ग्लास पानी में नींबू निचोड़कर उसमें थोड़ा नामक और चीनी मिलाकर पिने से आपका पेट साफ़ होगा. और लूज मोशन से राहत मिलेगी. 2. कच्चा पपीता कच्चे पपीते को अच्छे से कद्दूकस करके तीन से चार कप पानी में डालें. लगभग दस मिनट तक इस पानी को उबालने के बाद इस पानी को दिन में तीन से चार बार पिएं. इससे आपको लूज मोशन से तो राहत मिलेगी ही, पेट मरोड़ से भी निजात मिलेगी. 3. साबुनदाना साबुनदाना पेट की पाचन शक्ति को मजबूती प्रदान करता है. साबुनदाना को तीन-चार घंटे तक पानी में भिगोकर इस पानी को दिन में पांच बार पिने से लूज मोशन में राहत मिलती है. 4. सरसों के बीज सरसों के बीज को पानी में कुछ घंटे के लिए रखें और इस पानी को पिएं. ये लूज मोशन को बंद करने का कारगर तरीका है. 5. दूध को कहें ना दूध भले ही एक सम्पूर्ण पौष्टिक आहार माना जाता है. लेकिन इसे पचाना अपेक्षाकृत मुश्किल है. इसलिए लूज मोशन के समय दूध के सेवन से बचें. 6. अनार अनार को चबाकर खाने से भी लूज मोशन रुकता है. यदि आपको बीज पसंद नहीं है तो आप अनार का जूस भी पी सकते हैं. 7. लौकी का रस लूज मोशन में सबसे बड़ा डर शरीर में पानी की कमी होने को लेकर होता है. यदि आप चाहते हैं कि आप पानी की कमी से बचें तो आपको लौकी का जूस पीना चाहिए. इसे काली मिर्च और नमक डालकर थोड़ा स्वादिष्ट बना सकते हैं. 8. मेथी चूँकि लूज मोशन का एक कारण जीवाणु भी होते हैं. मेथी स्वभाव से जीवाणुरोधी होता है इसलिए इसके एक या दो चम्मच का पाउडर बनाकर एक ग्लास पानी में डालकर पिने से लूज मोशन रुकता है. 9. स्टार्च से भरपूर भोजन स्टार्च खाना पचाने में मदद करता है. इसलिए लूज मोशन के समय स्टार्चयुक्त भोजन करने की सलाह दी जाती है. इसके लिए आप चावल, उबला हुआ आलू या गाजर खा सकते हैं. 10. सौंठ सौंठ और अदरक का पाउडर हमारे पाचन शक्ति को मजबूती देता है. एक कप छाछ में आधा चम्मच सौंठ मिलाकर पिने से पेट दर्द और लूज मोशन दोनों ही रुकता है. 11. चाय पत्ती आपको शायद यकीन न हो लेकिन ये सच है कि लूज मोशन में एक चम्मच चाय पत्ती को पीसकर पीने से तुरंत राहत मिलती है. यदि छोटे बच्चे को देना हो तो एक चम्मच चाय पत्ती को पानी में घोलकर उस पानी को पिलाएं.
10 people found this helpful

Loose Motion - 4 Natural Ways To Cure It!

Dr. Deepak Agrawal 89% (250 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, FCCS,USA, DIPLOMA IN HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT, POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN JOURNALISM AND MASS COMMUNICATION
Sexologist, Jaipur
Loose Motion - 4 Natural Ways To Cure It!
Loose motion, commonly known as diarrhea refers to a state where the affected person suffers from frequent passage of loose, watery or unformed stool. It may lead to exhaustion and dehydration as with frequent passage of stool the body loses water and essential minerals. Here are some natural remedies which are capable of relieving you from loose motion effectively. 1. Lemon Lemon juice has anti-inflammatory properties that assist in cleansing of the stomach. After extraction of the lemon juice it should be mixed with a tablespoon of sugar and salt. This solution should be consumed every one hour until you feel that all the toxins from your bowels have been flushed out. 2. Fenugreek seeds Fenugreek or methi seeds have antibacterial and antifungal properties. You need to mix one to two tablespoon powder of dried up fenugreek seeds in a glass of water and have it in an empty stomach in the morning for three to four days. It may taste bitter might but it's bound to completely relieve you from loose motion. 3. Buttermilk Butter milk not only works wonders for soothing your stomach but also assists the process of digestion. The acid content in buttermilk fights the bacteria and germs in your digestive system. Adding a pinch of turmeric powder or cumin powder or black pepper powder to your buttermilk increases its efficiency to cure loose motion. 4. Adequate rest If you are suffering from several bouts of loose motion it is bound to cause weakness and dehydration as the body is drained of essential minerals and water. It is advisable that you take complete bed rest for two to three days to recover from this fatigue completely. Using heat bags on your stomach can relieve you of cramps and pains. During this period you should abstain from rich and oily foods.
3637 people found this helpful

Diarrhea - Why Consulting A Doctor Is Important?

Dr. Jagtap T N 90% (878 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Ahmednagar
Diarrhea - Why Consulting A Doctor Is Important?
Diarrhea is a very common condition, which is associated with the passage of the ingested fluids and foods through your colon more frequently than usual or in huge amounts. This condition is mostly caused by the action of viruses, parasites, bacteria, medications like antibiotics, certain digestive disorders, abdominal surgery, lactose intolerance, and consumption of an excessive amount of alcohol etc. Here are some of the common symptoms, which indicate that you are suffering from diarrhea: Passing watery and loose stools Frequent bowel movements Pain or cramps in the abdomen Feeling of nausea Vomiting Bloating in the stomach If you are suffering from a more serious form of diarrhea, you might also experience symptoms like: Presence of mucus, blood and traces of undigested food in your stool Fever Diarrhea mostly gets cured even without consuming any medicines within a couple of days. However, you need to consult a doctor and get proper treatment for diarrhea in the following cases: If you are continuously experiencing the condition for more than two days Your stools contain blood or are black Severe pain in the rectum or abdomen is bothering you You experience signs of dehydration like excessive thirst, weakness, dizziness, dry mouth, urine of dark color or reduced frequency and amount of urination Your body temperature exceeds 102 F (39 C)
5774 people found this helpful

Germs On A Toilet Seat - Do They Actually Affect You?

Dr. Anil Mehta 90% (627 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
Germs On A Toilet Seat - Do They Actually Affect You?
One may never know when he or she might need to use a public toilet. And whenever it comes to using a toilet that is used by so many different people, the question regarding the presence of germs on the toilet seat is bound to arise. Often, the toilet seats in a public toilet are associated with being the biggest source of germs in the restrooms. Read on to know the actual relevance of germs being on the toilet seats and whether they can affect one s health or not. Common germs on the toilet seats The chance of having sexually transmitted viruses such as genital herpes or bacteria such as chlamydia from the toilet seats is really low, as these microbes tend to die just as they come in contact with a cold surface, such as the toilet seats. However, there are few other bacteria present, that one can pick up from a toilet seat easily. To name some of the common germs that one can get affected with from toilet seats are, the fecal borne E. Coli bacteria, Shigella bacteria, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and influenza. The serious health threats that germs pose Though the chances of developing serious health conditions as a result of using toilet seats are lesser, it doesn't mean that there is no risk of illnesses. For example, while the majority influenza virus can live for only 2 or 3 days on a non-porous surface, such as the toilet seats, some virus strains can actually survive longer and may affect one with common cold or flu. Escherichia coli is another very common bacteria found on the toilet seats that can make you suffer from diarrhea and other types of stomach distress when transmitted. Bacteria like Staphylococcus can contaminate non-porous surfaces for more than two months. Spending 3 minutes on a toilet seat contaminated with this bacterium can lead to skin rash or skin infections. Also, bacteria like Shigella can affect one by causing shigellosis infections with abdominal pain, dysentery, etc. The best way to deal with toilet seat germs The chances of being affected by bacteria are certainly lesser when using a cleaner toilet seat than that of a dirty one. Plus, after using the toilet seat, one needs to wash their hands properly to avoid the chance of bacterial infection as much as possible. Unless one washes his hands, it is advised to not to touch the mouth, eyes, nose, or other sensitive areas and any food items with the hands. Carrying antibacterial alcohol wipes can be helpful too. Prevention is always better than cure. Thus, one needs to be alert when using a toilet. After all, even the cleanest looking toilet seat may be a home to various illness causing bacteria invisible to normal eyes.
6426 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My stool is not solid it goes semisolidly for more than 7 yrs. And it has no shape too What can I do.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 94% (17727 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, most of the people have loose stool, time to time owing to dieatery irregularity. Go for meditation to nourish your digestive system reducing your stress levels. Tk, plenty of water to hydrate your body regulating metabolism. Your diet be simple, easily digestible on time to avoid gastric disorder that triggers loose motion. Tk, homoeopathic medicine:@ Aloe sac 200-5 drops, twice ,dly Avoid, junkfood alcohol & nicotine. Tk, care.

What will be the remedy of diarrhea prevalent IBS. I want advice of ayurvedic medicines she is suffering from E-coli and pretus species bacteria.

Dr. Praveenkumar Talikoti 93% (399 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bijapur
Avoid spicy, fatty,salt, sour and bakery foods. Take light warm energizing soups and include vegetables and fruits to meal. Tab panchamrit parpati 1-0-1 for 1 week cap bactofer 1-0-1 for 1 week jeerakarista 10 ml-10 ml-10 ml.
1 person found this helpful

I'm having mucus in my stool since 2 months I had a colonoscopy it's negative but after that my stool is like a chewing gum and mucus like.

Dr. Bhagyesh Patel 93% (3103 ratings)
FMAS, MS
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* This is in relation with infection of intestine or inflammatory bowel disease.* Kindly get a stool microscopic examination and consult with the report. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards dear take care.

Hi sir, mucus (whitish thing) has been appearing in my stool from 6 months. Earlier I had colitis (swelling in intestine) which is healed now. I went to diff doctor for the treatment of mucus but it didn't heal. What should I do .I don't have any stomach issue .but I feel very lethargic every time. Age 23 male.

BHMS, Certificate in Sex Education & Parenthood, PG Dip (Preventive & Promotive Healthcare), Dip in LSM (Prescribing Exercises), Dip in LSM (Metabolic Disroders & Nutrition), Dip in Occupational health & industrial hygiene., MBA (Healthcare), Certificate in Good Clinical Practice, Dip in Healthcare Quality, Core Competency In Lifestyle Medicine
Homeopath, Jamshedpur
Dear lybrate-user. It's good to share your concern about your health problem. The synonyms you are mentioning is must likely of chronic colitis. Where as you also mentioned you had colitis which is healed. This strengthens the diagnosis. Your colitis is not cured. Chronic colitis is very difficult to cure, there should be strong management. I would suggest you to have personal and private consultation for proper treatment and management. If you wish I will help you to get the problem solved and managed, but for that pls share your diagnostic reports if any.

Sir meri age 19 years hai sir mein morning pe 2-3 bar latrine jata hun. Phir breakfast ke bad bhi kbhi kbhi jana pad jata hai. Sham ko bhi 2-3 bar jata hun Sir. Doctor se medicines bhi li phir bhi koii asar ni hua Sir. Pure din bhar aesa lgta h jaise ki pressure bna hi hua hai khana acche se pachta bhi ni h Sir.

Dr. Sayyed Maajid 92% (206 ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Ayurveda, Akola
I think You Have intestinal infection (irretable bowel Syndrom) but final diagosis is pending aap mujhse private consult me chaat kare aap ki is bimari k baare me bohot kuch janna hai aur iska pemanant treament ayurveda se hoga.
3 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Diarrhea - Do's & Don'ts

Dr. Vijay Rai 92% (18 ratings)
MBBS,MD, DM
Gastroenterologist, Kolkata
You should avoid coffee if you have diarrhea. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Diarrhea - Know Its Myths and Facts!!

Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao 88% (12 ratings)
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
If you have diarrhea, you should avoid fats completely. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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