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Overview

Hair Loss - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hair Loss?

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. Typically at least the head is involved. The severity of hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body. Typically inflammation or scarring is not present. Hair loss in some people causes psychological distress.

What are the types of Hair Loss :

The hair growth rate slows down as people age and is called alopecia. There are lot many hair loss types

:
  • Involutional Alopecia- It is the natural gradual thinning of hair with age. There is an increase in the number of hair follicles which enter resting phase and the other hairs become fewer and shorter.
  • Androgenic Alopecia- Both women and men can be affected by this genetic condition. Men who have this condition may start losing hair even in their teenage years. This is known as male-pattern baldness. It is marked by gradual hair loss from the frontal scalp and the crown and the hairline receding. Women affected by this have hair thinning after their forties. It is known as female-pattern baldness and maximum hair loss happens near the crown.
  • Alopecia Areata- It usually has a sudden onset and leads to hair loss in patches in young adults and children. It may lead to total balding (alopecia totalis). In over 90% people having this condition, the hair grows back within few years.
  • Trichotillomania- It is observed most commonly in children. A person tears out their own hair because of this psychological disorder.
  • Telogen Effluvium- Hair growth cycle changes lead to a temporary thinning of hair on the scalp. It happens due to a lot of hair entering resting phase which leads to shedding of hair and consequent thinning.
  • Scarring Alopecia- It leads to irreversible hair loss. Inflammatory conditions of the skin like folliculitis, acne and cellulitis, results in scarring that destroys the hair’s ability to regenerate. Tightly woven hair and hot combs may result in irreversible hair loss as well.
  • Hormones- Abnormal androgen levels may cause hair loss as well.
  • Genes – Genes from either parents can increase the likelihood of a person having female or male pattern baldness.
  • Drugs- Blood thinners, cancer treatment drugs, birth-control medication and beta blockers may lead to hair loss as well.
  • Medical Predispositions- Diabetes, lupus, iron deficiency, thyroid disease, anemia and eating disorders may lead to hair loss. Usually when the root cause of the hair loss is treated, hair grows back again.
  • Cosmetic- Procedures like perming, hair dyes, bleaching and over use of shampoo can all lead to thinning of hair, making it brittle and weak. Braiding hair tightly, using hot curlers or rollers also causes hair breakage and damage. These however don’t lead to baldness.

The hair regrows normally if the causative factor is stopped.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Hair falling out in clumps or patches. Thinning of hair. Hair becoming brittle and breaking easily.

Popular Health Tips

Hair Loss - Cosmetic Procedures That Can Help!

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS, PLAB
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Hair Loss - Cosmetic Procedures That Can Help!

Apart from the cosmetic worries, baldness can cause major esteem issues. Hereditary or genetics do contribute to about 95 percent of the cases pertaining to baldness (alopecia) while the remaining 5 percent might be due to the side effects of certain medications, illness, stress or diet. Here is where cosmetic procedures come to your rescue in treating this condition.

  1. Sprinkling colored, powdery fiber sprinkles on one’s scalp helps in covering up the thin hairy regions, hence rendering them a fuller appearance.
  2. Hair pieces or wigs produced from human or synthetic hair actually veils the baldness, furthermore boosting one’s style statement.
  3. Hair transplants are used in filling in one’s bald areas, thereby making it the sole permanent solution to baldness. Tiny strands of hair are eliminated from the areas with thicker growth and substituted in the bald regions.
  4. Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP) is a therapy wherein concentrated blood plasma comprising of growth proteins is injected into the scalp through a thin needle to stimulate healing of the wound.
  5. Scalp reduction involves cutting off the bald regions to stitch the rest of the scalp together.
  6. Often, tissue expanders are used to stretch the hair bearing scalp to the adjacent bald area with the help of the tissue expansion technique.
  7. When stress becomes the root cause of hair fall, Astressin-B, a stress-hormone blocker, works to inhibit the stress stimulating hormone.
  8. A natural biological substance known as Extracellular Matrix (ECM) is implanted on the part containing the damaged tissues to speed up healing.
  9. Bontress Lotion, made of red clover extracts, prevents reduction of hair.
  10. Hair multiplication or cloning method requires the extraction of donor hair cells from existing hair follicles, after which the cells are multiplied in a lab for injecting into the bald portions.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

19 people found this helpful

5 Most Common Gynaecology Problems!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
5 Most Common Gynaecology Problems!

Almost every woman suffers from a gynecological problem at some point or the other. In most cases these disorders are mild and easily treatable, but some gynecological problems can have serious implications and affect their fertility and quality of life.

Here are the five most common gynecological problems faced by women.

  1. Dysmenorrhea: Abdominal cramps and back aches are common side effects of menstruation but some women can suffer from excruciating pain during their menstrual cycles. This is known as dysmenorrheal. This is caused by a decreased supply of oxygen to the uterus due to strong contractions in the uterus. These cramps become less painful as a woman ages and in most cases is resolved by childbirth. Symptoms of this disorder include excruciating abdominal pain, pain in the lower back, inner thighs and hips, nausea and loose stools.
  2. Ovarian Cysts: Ovarian cysts can be big or small and many women live with cysts without being aware of it. These cysts can be described as fluid filled sac like structures that develop around and on the ovary which vary in terms of size and type. Ovarian cysts may or may not be tumors. Cysts can be a result of the growth of a follicle or the breaking down of tissue within the ovaries. In most cases, these cysts dissolve on their own but they should be monitored carefully.
  3. Endometriosis: This is a condition where the uterine tissue grows outside the walls of the uterus. This occurs commonly on the ovaries and fallopian tubes but can also develop on the cervix, bladder, bowel or rectum. The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown. Some theories suggest that it is triggered by retrograde menstruation or the backward flow of menstrual blood into the fallopian tubes. The symptoms of this condition include abdominal cramps, pain during intercourse and bowel movements, bleeding between periods and digestive problems.
  4. Poly Cyst Ovarian Disease (PCOD): PCOD is a condition where the ovaries produce follicles that develop into cysts instead of eggs. This leads to a lack of viable eggs and thus affects a woman’s fertility. This can also cause mood swings and depression. PCOD is triggered by hormone changes and exhibits symptoms such as irregular periods, acne, hair loss and breathing problems while sleeping.
  5. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): UTIs are usually caused by bacterial infections and can be triggered by pregnancy, frequent intercourse, diabetes and as a side effect of certain types of medication. The symptoms of this condition include stinging and burning sensations while urinating, abdominal cramps, painful intercourse and an increased urge to urinate frequently.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3469 people found this helpful

Hair Fall - 9 Quick Tips That Can Help You Handle It!

MBBS, MD Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Hair Fall - 9 Quick Tips That Can Help You Handle It!

Hair-fall is a normal process, if we consider the hair-growth cycle that lasts for two to six weeks. The usual rate of growth is about one centimeter a month. After two to three months, hair which were in their ‘resting phase’ shed to allow new hair to grow back. Deviation from this normal cycle leads to abnormal hair-fall which can then become a matter of concern.

Tips to handle abnormal hair loss

  1. Testing hair thinning: Take 20 to 30 hair strands and hold them between your thumb and index finger. Pull firmly and slowly. If more than six hair strands happen to come out at a time, then you might be suffering from abnormal hair loss.
  2. Limited use of hair dryers: Consistent heating weakens the hair proteins and leads to brittleness and fragility of hair follicles. Hence, limit the uses of hair dryers, curlers, hair straightness or hot brushes.
  3. Avoid Perms: Avoid chemical straightening or curling which breaks the inner bonding of your hair and makes the hair brittle.
  4. Avoid bleachingBleaching removes the natural pigment and weakens the hair follicles.
  5. Avoid pulling the hair strands tightly: Certain hairstyling involves tightly pulling the hair and using clips or elastics, tight braids, plaits, cornrows, tight ponytail. Avoid using heated rollers. ‘Traction alopecia’ is the term coined for tightly pulling of your hair.
  6. Use a mild shampoo: Regularly washing your hair cleanses your hair as well as your scalp which prevents any chance of infection and the subsequent hair loss. Instead of shampooing daily, do it on alternate days. Mild shampoo includes sultaines, sulfosuccinates, silicones, and amphoacetate.
  7. Right Choice of Shampoo: Use different shampoos for different purposes; dandruff, greasy or normal hair and for dry hair. If the shampoo is rich in protein, it may boost the volume and make it thicker and smoother for a temporary period, but does not repair the damaged hair
  8. Use a good hairbrush: Use a soft brush, made of natural fibers. Instead of a brush, use a comb for wet hair.
  9. Scalp Massage: Massage your hair with nourishing oils such as rosemary, coconut, almond or lavender oil. It warms your skin and boosts blood circulation and provides nutrients to the follicles.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!





 

3913 people found this helpful

Conditioning Your Hair - Are You Doing It The Right Way?

Fellowship In Cosmetic Surgery, M. Ch. (Plastic Surgery), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Conditioning Your Hair - Are You Doing It The Right Way?

Are you conditioning your hair the right way? When this question pops up most people wonder about the implications of conditioning the hair and what is the right way of doing the same. In order to address that issue here are a few frequently asked questions that most people would like to know. 

1. Conditioning the hair before shampooing can nourish fine, damaged, colored or greasy hair. 

Conditioning your hair before you shampoo can up the nutritive value of fine hair without pulling it down. While smoothening out the hair cuticle, conditioning can help to repair hair fibers if you do it before applying shampoo to your hair. Only if the hairs are not clean due to dust or pollution, then do a quick mild shampoo first then condition the hairs, shampoo again to rinse off the heavy conditioner for bouncy hairs.

2. A conditioner is more effective if you leave it on longer
It's not how long you keep the conditioner on your hair that is important, but how well you coat each strand of your hair is what matters. That's why you need to spend a few minutes of your time working the product evenly through your hair.


3. Conditioning doesn't allow your hair to breathe
Even if a small quantity of silicone residue gets left behind on the hair, it doesn't hamper the entry of moisture into the hair shaft. Depending on the environs, whether it's humid or dry, it'll absorb moisture or lose out moisture.

4. Which technique is the right, when it comes to deep-conditioning your hair?

Finger comb the product thoroughly through your hair for complete penetration and utilizing a shower comb to spread the conditioner through your hair is the ideal way to ensure that the hair conditioner should coat your hair completely. 

5. What's the ideal deep-conditioning treatment time?

Once you've applied the conditioner all over your hair, wrap a towel that's been heated in a microwave around your head for 20 minutes. Doing this will help the conditioner to infiltrate deeper into your hair shaft.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2897 people found this helpful

Maintain Your Hair Health With These Quick Tips!

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS, PLAB
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Maintain Your Hair Health With These Quick Tips!

Hair is technically dead tissue and considering that, we spend a whole of a lot of time and currency on our hair. That is probably because hair plays a big part in our appearance. Changing your hair color or merely getting a different hairstyle can change your appearance to an extent that some might find you unrecognizable. On the contrary, you can go into a week-long depression, if your hair stylist has let you down with the bob-cut your favourite celebrity has sported so beautifully. Like nails, hair is an extension of the epidermal layer of the skin and is mainly composed of proteins. Apart from adding to your appearance, it also provides warmth and protection to your head.

So it is obvious that maintaining healthy hair is something we all want and would like. Here are a few tips that will help that mane flow beautifully-

  1. Ripe avocado: Mash some ripe avocado without the pit, mix it with an egg and apply it to your hair. Wash it off after 20 minutes. Avocados are rich in essential fatty acids, minerals and vitamins that help add lustre to your hair. This is advised to be done once a week if you have damaged hair or once a month for healthy hair.
  2. Apple Cider Vinegar: Adding one part apple cider vinegar to two parts of lukewarm water and applying it to your hair can help balance the pH of your scalp. It may not make your hair smell like a dream, but it will help bring out the natural red highlights in your hair.
  3. Lemon Juice: Apply lemon juice to your scalp to get rid of dandruff and get clean scalp.
  4. Egg and shampoo: This combination can help strengthen your hair. This mixture adds protein to your hair. Take an egg and mix it with a small amount of shampoo and lather it up for 5 minutes and rinse well.
  5. Essential oils: Add some essential oil to your shampoo to get a beautiful lustre to your hair.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3592 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 25 years old female I have the problem of hair fall. Now my hair has become very thin. What can I do to get my thick and voluminous hair back? Please suggest me with good solution.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
High protein diet (1g/kg/bw, A very strong nutritional supplement (You can buy the GNC nutritional supplement for hair or cap adgain plus for 2 month atleast ), Minoxidil 5% lotion one at night on roots for atleast three months and thrice a week scalp wash to keep your scalp clean is all that is needed if there is no other health issue like hypothyroidism or hereditary hair loss with major frontal thinning.
2 people found this helpful

Lost my hair last 2 years since then l feel my hair become vary weak and dull .naw I have a bland .please help me how I can stop the hair fallen and remove new hair.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please send photos of your head for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
5 people found this helpful

I'm suffering from hair problems since 2 months like hair fall, hair curling and dryness of hair. Please give me a suggestion to control it.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please send photos of your head for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Doctor, My Friend Named Deepu 24 years troubled with heavy hair loss. Now he take minoxidil 5. 0 So He can not use Hair oil. It cause hair dryness. Could you please suggest a remedy For this.

CIDESCO, DGA, DBT, DBC, MBBS
Trichologist, Mumbai
Hello If he has dandruff problem along with hair fall ,its better to avoid oiling of hair. Along with minoxidil ,ask him to start with hair supplements also. Check his HB level n TSH level For further doubts please write to us. Thank you.
2 people found this helpful

Hello Dr. My father is suffering from psoriasis for last 10 years 2,3 years back I started losing my hairs I thought it's normal hair fall so got shaved bt as my hairs grew it started again then my joints started paining I started feeling fatigue I researched on internet about psoriasis as it can be inherited I had small small black black patches on my tummy and underarms I thought it was psoriasis and I found out that gluten causes the problem so I stopped eating wheat rai and barley (gluten source) then I lost weight around 5 to 6 kg Bt yesterday I was checking on internet about joint pain I got to hiv have same symptoms like joint pain, weight loss, weakens skin rashes and allergy please suggest me something can it be hiv or I have psoriasis as my father.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Psoriasis is thought to be an immune system problem. Triggers include infections, stress and cold. The most common symptom is a rash on the skin, but sometimes the rash involves the nails or joints. Treatment aims to remove scales and stop skin cells from growing so quickly. Topical ointments, light therapy and medication can offer relief.

Table of Content

What is Hair Loss?

What are the types of Hair Loss :

Play video
Hair Loss And Baldness
Hello everyone!

I am Dr Mansi Sanghvi. I am a founder and medical director of skin 360, skin, hair and laser clinic. We are located at Powai in Mumbai. I have been practicing as a Dermatologist and skin & hair expert over the last 10 years now.

Today I will be talking to you about one of the most common issues that today's young people face that is hair loss and balding and how to manage it. In today's corporate world hair has become one of the important assets of one's personality and managing the hair health has become extremely important. These days what most of the young patient present to us is with androgenetic alopecia, androgen means hormone, so hormonally induced hair loss is becoming very common in young people males and females are like. So what are the factors that cause hormonal imbalance, these are essentially the sedentary lifestyles, lack of exercise, imbalanced diet, irregular sleep patterns and undue stress over one's body. Therefore the treatment for hair loss and balding should start with reversing the factor that causes hormonal imbalance, this includes introduction of healthy lifestyle, change in sleep pattern and regularising it, eating the right food and working out on daily basis. In addition to this your Dermatologist can help you with certain supplements which correct the dietary deficiency, of course the doctor will do the blood test first before starting the treatment. Doctors will also ask you to apply certain lotion on the scalp which improves the quality of follicles and make it live longer so that the hair becomes to thicker and denser. In addition to this starting with certain advanced treatment really help to regain the lost hair much faster. These treatment include introduction of stem cells and growth factor into your scalp so how do we do this, these growth factors are injected with very fine needles on your scalp. It is absolutely painless and much comfortable treatment to undergo, doctor may suggest you couple of sessions depending upon how bad the case is. It would be done somewhere between one week to 15 days and it just requires about 10 minutes of your time. The 2nd line management is much advanced and it is very popular these days, it is called PRP which is called Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy. Now what is that, in this treatment we take about 10 to 15 ml of your blood and we centrifuge it to remove the platelets of your blood from it, now your platelets are very important for you because they carry the growth factor required for any tissue regeneration in your body. Here we are going to inject your platelets back in your scalp using fine needles to make the treatment much less discomforting what we do is that we apply the numbing cream on your scalp for half an hour which calms down the sensation so that when we do this treatment it's not painful to you. This treatment however requires about 45 minutes of your time, combining both these treatments together that is mesotherapy and PRP we have seen some wonderful results. Wherein we have helped the patient gain back about 30 to 35% of their lost hair back. Once the hair has been recovered it is absolutely important to maintain it. The maintenance of these hair follicles is in terms of eating the right nutrition applying certain lotions, at least two or three times a week the doctor will prescribe you and doing certain treatment every year to maintain the regain hair follicles. In very severe cases if the balding is very extensive we may suggest you to undergo hair transplantation. Which is done by the expert surgeon and it helps you to recover the lost hair which may help you to regain the lost hair and the lost confidence. I hope you have found this talk on hair loss and its management useful.

If you have any enquiry or if you would like to consult with me, then you can visit lybrate.com and take an appointment with me from there. Thank you very much.
Play video
Common Causes Of Hair Loss In Men And Women
Hello,

Myself Dr Sumit Agarwal I am a board certified plastic surgeon and hair transplant specialist practicing at Harleys clinic in Mumbai and also a specialist plastic surgeon, practicing in Balloon Hospital in Dubai.

Today I would be discussing about hair fall in men males and females, hair fall causes anxiety in both males and females. The common causes for hair fall is a hereditary inheritance more commonly from the maternal family or hormonal disturbances like hypothyroidism or Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS, other less common causes a micronutrient, deficiencies or cicatrical alopecia due to autoimmune conditions or post chemotherapy. In the recent past, it has been observed more youngsters coming with hair loss, starting it in early twenties age group which is priorly the stress of the studies or due to excessive use of chemicals undergoing procedures or may be due to environmental factors like hard waters, ciboria, dandruff and other reasons. So it is important before starting any hair loss treatment you should get yourself evaluated by a physician or a hair specialist the hair specialist. The hair specialist will do the clinical examination of the scalp and the Folly scopic examination of the hair roots to find the cause of the hair fall, he may also ask for certain blood test to find out micronutrient deficiencies like serum ferritin, serum Vitamin D3 and also for hormonal disturbances like thyroid profile. And after this your hair fall may be classified on the grades of the hair loss is maybe an early grade where just hair thinning has started up or in advance grde where balding patch has already certain. Not every patient is a candidate for hair transplant. Hair thinning patients may be treating accordingly with medications like multivitamin supplements and hair serum along with adjuvant therapy like Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) or Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) but if the balding settings patches then the hair transplant has to be considered. For hair transplant procedure political factors need to be considered before deciding for the procedure like age of the starting of the hair loss, grade of the hair loss, donor area sufficiency and if still there is any active hair fall which needs to be control first before embarking on hair transplant. Hair transplant, there are two techniques of doing it first is the Follicular Unit Transplant FUT and second is the Follicular Unit extraction or the FUE technique. The physician will discuss the details and pros and cons of the both the techniques. The results of the hair transplant procedure what you get they are natural and permanent, these hairs grow forever you can cut them, colour them and save them and even after the transplant have been done the medical treatment needs to be still continued to maintain the existing hairs. The medical treatment is a slow treatment it takes some time for the effect to come so keep patient and just continue, sometimes there may be some hair shedding at the start of the medical treatment, so do not panic, it eventually give good growth and it is the long term treatment so do not stop it abruptly ever. Always consult your physician before making any changes for your treatment.

If you have any further doubt or queries about the hair fall you can contact us through Lybrate.
Play video
Hair Loss and Alopecia
Hello Everyone

I m Dr. Punit Pratap, a dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon here in Noida.

So, today we ll discuss about hair loss and Alopecia usually we notice hair fall when we find many number of hairs in comb or while we wake up and on pillow or shower, these are the indicators of hair loss. One should be taken as alarming sign. Hair loss is not just two words, it cannot affect only your looks, it can affect your quality of life and your behavior. So there are many cause of hair loss, which of some are very important like your dandruff, your poor nutrition and underline medical condition and finally Anrdogemetic Alopecia. I will brief this late one and all these cause affect male and female equally.in males you will find the seeding hair like that means like here we call it temporal recession and it form an M pattern. Gradually it goes to the vertex and from their lead the ground. In female, we see the diffused hair loss, okay and we see the space while parting your hair or the thinning of ponytail. The good thing is hair loss is treatable in early middle and late stages. We have many modalities like oral medications, solutions, PRP, Mesotherapy, and finally, surgically restoration by hair transplantation. Dermatologists are the right answers to this problem as in dermatology, trichology is a part of dermatology.

Stay happy, healthy and have good hair. Thank you.
Play video
Hair And Skin Problems
Treatment for Hair and Skin problems!
Play video
Hair Loss
Treatment for Hair Loss
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice