There are multiple reasons which lead to a person being utterly depressed and facing social anxiety. These factors include loss of a loved one, getting fired from workplace, difficult situations like going through a divorce or even a separation, and many more. These conditions leave a person mentally and emotionally exhausted and miserable. These feelings are usually very normal reactions to the stressful life conditions. However, there are certain patients who are diagnosed with depression as a psychiatric disorder. These individuals as compared to other patients are more prone to mood swings and the conditions become more severe and persistent in their case. Women undergo depression more as compared to men. Anxiety disorder on the other hand is somewhat different than depression. It involves irritability, nervousness, concentration problems and upheavals in sleeping.
There are several drugs available for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorder. It includes SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), such as citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram oxalate (Lexapro), luvoxamine (Luvox), setraline (Zoloft), fluoxetine (Prozac), and paroxetine HRI (Paxil). There are newer medicines too which act as serotonin receptors. Bupropion (Wellbutrin) is a drug which has unique mechanisms. A health care provider will determine which drug is best for the patient. There are certain cases in which a combination of drugs is required. Sometimes the combination of one antidepressant with another antidepressant of some other class can boost the effect of a single drug working alone. An example of this is a mood stabilizer like lithium. Anxiety disorder treatment drugs are lorazepan (Ativan), alprazolam (Xanax) and many more. ECT or Electroconvulsive therapy is also a treatment option in severe cases.
The treatment starts by seeing a specialist, physician or a doctor of mental health. They will ask you about your mental health or how he is feeling. They will figure out the cause of depression or anxiety and will come to a conclusion whether the problem is caused by a physical condition or is related to mental health. The doctors will then recommend you antidepressants that will help relieve the indications of depression by the adjustment of certain chemicals in your brain which directly affects the circuits that control mood swings. Antidepressants increase serotonin levels in the brain and start showing noticeable effects after 2 to 3 weeks.
In case of severe depression, there may be a recommendation of an electroconvulsive therapy or ECT. This therapy is associated with a small and painless electric current passing through your brain while you’re under general anesthesia. This leads to a brief seizure which relieves the indications of depression. ECT is also called electroshock therapy. It was earlier a controversial therapy but is now considered quite effective as a treatment method for depression. Its performance is based on a series of sessions of either inpatient or outpatient for up to 4 weeks. You’ll be made asleep through general anesthesia so that you don’t feel the seizure or the current.
Patients undergoing depression and anxiety are eligible for the drug treatment. Every patient who is going through severe depression which is uncontrollable and has made the person suicidal is eligible for the electroconvulsive therapy or ECT.
A pregnant woman and children need to consult their health care provider before the usage of antidepressants so that they may be able to make a detailed and informed decision regarding their condition.
In case the symptoms of your depression start returning, consult or share your problems with a medical professional, a therapist, or someone close to you and try to work things out for your betterment. Joining a support or a mental health group will combat depression and help you to a great deal. Make as many lifestyle changes as possible in order to maintain your mental health. These changes may include your workplace or even your relationships which are making you unstable in life. Avoid the consumption of too much alcohol and stop smoking. Eating a balanced diet induced with fruits and green leafy vegetables is a significant part of a healthy lifestyle.
If a patient is finding the treatment helpful after 3-4 weeks, he/she may continue the treatment for 6 months after all the indications have been erased. In case the medications are stopped too soon, the indications may develop again. Patients with recurrent depression are advised to have the treatment for a longer period.
The price of the treatment ranges from Rs. 100 to Rs. 2,000.
The results of the treatment are not permanent as depression is known to be recurrent and may develop again if there are no lifestyle changes made or if the medications are discontinued before the completion period.
The alternative treatment methods available for depression and anxiety disorder include vagal nerve stimulation (VNS), deep brain stimulation (DBS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (RTMS).
Rs. 100 - Rs. 2,000
Often children are seen as resilient and capable of bouncing back from almost any situation. Traumatic experiences can however lead to long lasting and severe effects that might stay even in their adult lives if they aren’t dealt with. Trauma might result from any such thing that can disrupt their safety and leave them vulnerable. These include verbal, sexual or physical abuse, an unstable environment, domestic violence, separation from parents, bullying, severe illness, or invasive medical procedures.
Despite having emotional consequences, there is still hope. Here are a few ways childhood trauma can be dealt better with:
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
You probably have heard of the saying “A healthy mind comes from a healthy body”. Most often in our daily busy schedule we overlook our eating habits, and physical activity. Are they linked with each other? The answer is YES! There are multiple associations between mental health and chronic physical conditions that significantly impact people’s quality of life. “there is no health without mental health.” The associations between mental and physical health are:
Poor mental health is a risk factor for chronic physical conditions.
People with serious mental health conditions are at high risk of experiencing chronic physical conditions.
People with chronic physical conditions are at risk of developing poor mental health.
Mental health plays a major role in your ability to maintain good physical health. Mental illnesses, such as depression and anxiety, affect your ability to participate in healthy behaviors. This can result in problems with physical health, such as chronic diseases, and can decrease a person’s ability to participate in treatment and recovery. Unfortunately, most people don’t go to a mental health professional for a mental health exam. In many cases, people only seek out a mental health professional after a crisis has occurred.
There are different ways to balance your mental and Physical health both: One of the most impactful way is :Mindfulness”
What exactly is mindfulness, and how can it improve psychological well-being?
"Mindfulness is about being fully aware in the present moment,". "It's about bringing our attention back to the present moment and not getting carried away by our thoughts."Mindfulness helps to train individuals in bringing back the attention time and time again when it has wandered. And it is precisely through helping individuals to not get carried away by their thoughts that mindfulness has been shown to be so effective for conditions like anxiety and depression.
“It's not about getting good at meditation, it's about getting good at life.” And how its helps deepens our connections with others and with the world around us.
Some simple steps to reduce risk of physical illness:
Eat a well-balanced diet, get plenty of rest, get routine check-ups and tests, incorporate regular exercise into your schedule.
Some of the other ways to keep you mentally healthy are:
Hear your inner voice and accept that you need help. Just like how we most the people go to the doctor and get a check-up. They have their blood pressure, temperature and weight measured. They have blood drawn to check for issues with cholesterol, blood sugars, thyroid, iron levels, and other measures for their physical health check up. Like wise it’s equally important to take care of your mental health.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
In a conservative society like that of India, premarital sex or casual sex is still a taboo. With the fast changing trend in the society, some parents may consider dating and premarital sex to be normal but the same cannot be said for a major part of our society who still consider these relations as scandalous and unethical.
No one can be moral policed here for the choices they make. While some may engage in casual sex owing to the sexual urges, some may want to enjoy their lives without the promises of love, commitment or restrictions. While there are still many people who believe in love, the younger generation is more inclined towards casual sex.
Before labelling anyone with a tag, it is important to understand why do people go for casual sex? Are they commitment phobic or are there some underlying factors that have gone unnoticed and unattended?
Why do people go for casual sex?
Also known as Recreational Sex, casual sex is all about enjoying the moment and moving on in life.
With so many benefits, casual sex comes as the best option available. But what is a bed of roses without thorns?
Casual sex is a choice made by two individuals who prefer not to be in love. While it may be a boon for some, it can also turn out to be a bane for many. Drawing conclusions at this stage are not possible. It is an individual choice where you are solely responsible for both the good and the bad that comes with it. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Dependent personality disorder (DPD) is a frequently diagnosed personality disorder that is characterised by a strong need to be taken care of and a fear of being abandoned by important people in the patient’s life.
Symptoms include long-term dependent and submissive behaviours to elicit caregiving in others. The disorder is found equally in men and women.
Causes of Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD)
Chronic physical illness or other psychological disorders like separation anxiety disorder in childhood can predispose a person to the development of dependent personality disorder. The exact cause of DPD is not known but several factors are involved like genetic, behavioural, psychological and temperamental.
Impaired parenting styles may also be to blame.
However, research suggests that no single factor is solely responsible rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important.
Many people with a dependent personality disorder don’t seek treatment till it starts to significantly interfere or impact their lives. This usually happens when a person can’t cope with stress due to life events.
People with DPD are more prone to develop depression or anxiety symptoms.
Treatments for DPD are focused around psychotherapy, a type of counselling. Its goal is to help a person become more active and independent and to learn to form healthy relationships. The psychologist prefers short term therapy with specific goals when the focus is on managing behaviours that interfere with day-to-day functioning.
Assertiveness training helps the person with DPD develop self-confidence and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) helps him or her develop new attitudes and perspectives about themselves that are positive. However, change in someone's personality structure usually requires long-term psychoanalytic therapy. In this type of therapy, childhood experiences are examined for formation of defence mechanisms, coping styles, and patterns of attachment in relationships.
DPD is the most difficult personality disorder to treat because of the patient’s strong need for constant reassurance and support. It is also very important for the doctor to monitor patient dependency.
Group therapy can also be helpful, although care needs to be taken so that the patient doesn’t use groups to reinforce dependent relationships in his life. Medication is also used though it’s not very effective. Medicines usually help DPD patients manage their depression or anxiety but not DPD. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.
Depression is often equated with isolation and brooding but this is not always the case. Many people may actually suffer from depression without showing the typical symptoms of this condition. Hence, this form of depression may go unnoticed for many years. Such cases are known as high-functioning depression. Some of the symptoms of this condition include:
The good news is that depression can be cured. Hence if someone around you or you, yourself experience such symptoms, talk to a doctor. Alternatively, you could make a few changes in your lifestyle to lift your mood. Try meditating in the morning or fit in some light exercise into your day. You could even take up a new hobby. However, this cannot replace cognitive therapy and psychological counselling. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.