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Overview

Insomnia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Insomnia is a sleep disorder which makes the affected hard to sleep, stay asleep or make you wake up too fast. Insomnia can also make it difficult for you to go back to sleep once you have woken up. This disorder makes you tired the whole day and drains your energy levels, health, mood, work performance and quality of life. A lot of adults can experience short-term (acute) insomnia that lasts for weeks or days. This is usually due to an after effect of a traumatizing event or just stress. But mostly, people who experience chronic (long term) insomnia which lasts for more than a month is caused due to certain medical conditions or side effects of medicines.

Causes of Insomnia:

For the treatment of insomnia, it is important to treat the underlying cause. It can be caused due to life events, stress and bad habits that affect your sleeping patterns. However, some other causes of insomnia include:

  • Stress- Concerns about family, finances, health, school and work can keep our mind active even if you are tired. This makes it very difficult to sleep. Trauma or life events like a job loss, divorce, illness or death of a loved one can result to insomnia.
  • Work or travel schedule- Frequently changing shifts at work, doing a late shift, jet lags and travelling across different time zones can disrupt your body’s sleep cycle and lead to insomnia.
  • Unhealthy sleep habits- Sleep habits such as eating just before sleeping, watching too much television, using your bed during work, uneasy sleep environment, stimulating physical activities before bed, uneven naps and irregular sleep schedules can cause insomnia.
  • Eating too much before bed- Eating a lot of food can make you very uncomfortable while lying down. A lot of people who eat a lot before sleeping complain of heartburn. This occurs when the food and acid from the stomach flows into the esophagus. This is a major reason for insomnia.
  • Mental issues- Disorders such as post traumatic stress disorder or anxiety disorders can also trigger insomnia. Certain form of impulse control disorders might also make you stressed out which eventually leads to insomnia.
  • Medications- Prescription drugs and certain medications used to treat blood pressure and asthma can also cause insomnia.
  • Other disorders- Medical conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, overactive thyroid, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), asthma, heart disease, diabetes, cancer and chronic pain can also trigger insomnia.
Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Difficulty falling asleep at night Waking up during the night Trouble focusing on daily tasks Sleepiness and tiredness Waking up too early

Popular Health Tips

Insomnia And Its Symptoms!

Dr. Sunil Kumar 88% (23 ratings)
Ph.D - Psychology, M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, MA - Psychology
Psychologist, Chennai
Insomnia And Its Symptoms!
Insomnia is the condition of acute sleeplessness, and it takes a heavy toll on your mood, your energy levels, and your ability to concentrate and work during the day. Some of the most common symptoms of the condition are: You find it difficult to fall asleep even if you are tired Once you wake up in the middle of the night, you cannot get back to sleep You cannot work or concentrate on anything during the day You stay mostly fatigued, or irritated throughout the day You have to depend on pills or alcohol to fall asleep. You wake up very early in the morning, no matter how late you sleep What could be the causes for insomnia? Insomnia might last just a few days if it is induced by some temporary cause, like stress at your workplace, or any other personal issue you can be facing. However, when the cause is a long rooted one, insomnia might persist for a long time. There can be a mix of many causes for that to happen: Psychological stress or other emotional discomforts Common psychological problems like anxiety, depression, chronic work stress, grief, and also bipolar disorder can be the causes for insomnia. Illness or other medical problems There can be many medical causes or other illnesses at the root of insomnia like allergies, acute asthma, hyperthyroidism, Parkinson's disease, kidney related diseases and cancer as well. Medications There can be many drugs, which might be prescribed by your doctor, but still be responsible for insomnia. These include antidepressants, corticosteroids like thyroid hormone medicines, few blood pressure medications, certain contraceptives and stimulants for ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Sleep Disorders Insomnia, though in itself is a sleep disorder, can also be the symptoms for other sleep disorders like sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and other disorders related to jet lag or if you are working on a late night shift. In addition to these causes, some daily lifestyle habits might act as triggers to insomnia, which include: Consumption of large amounts of caffeine on a regular basis Developing irregular sleep schedules Taking your smartphone to bed and ending up spending a lot of time with it in the night Eating late in the evening
2879 people found this helpful

How Homeopathy is a Boon Towards Treating Insomnia?

Dr. Ramesh Ram R P D 92% (1022 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
How Homeopathy is a Boon Towards Treating Insomnia?
Why it s ideal to treat insomnia with homeopathy Insomnia is a mental condition, which is characterized by a difficulty in falling asleep, even when you have the chance to do so. People with insomnia feel dissatisfied with their sleep and usually experience fatigue, low energy, lack of concentration, mood swings and decreased performance at work or at school. The causes of insomnia include stress, emotional or physical discomfort; environmental factors like noise, light or extreme temperature that interferes with sleep; and depression or anxiety. The visible symptoms of insomnia are inability to fall asleep no matter what, irritability, depression, lack of concentration and enthusiasm, and distressed stomach and intestine. Complications associated with insomnia can cause psychiatric problems, obesity, increased risk of long-term diseases or conditions like high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes. Homeopathy is a boon towards treating insomnia. 1. Safety Homeopathic medication are far safer therefore, it is preferable and highly recommended. It serves invaluably during insomnia and does not involve any side effects. 2. Efficiency The efficiency of homeopathic medicines in curing the several problems associated with insomnia is unquestionable. Plus, targets at providing long-term cure for insomnia instead of just temporary relief. The approach that homeopathy adopts includes getting at the root cause of the problem, and weeding it out so that there s never a relapse of your condition. If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'Consult'.
3250 people found this helpful

Insomnia and Depression - Is There A Link Between Them?

Ms. Archana Narwani 89% (93 ratings)
Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Pune
Insomnia and Depression - Is There A Link Between Them?
In today s stressful environment, more and more people are being diagnosed with psychological disorders such as insomnia and depression. Neither of the two are things which people feel lucky to possess. However, it is interesting to note that there is a link between the two conditions. Also, the problems are a lot more common than a person is likely to first think; 80% of depressed people suffer from chronic insomnia! For a long time until recently, many people were of the opinion that most depressed people were insomniac. But that is not really correct. The two issues do overlap to a large extent, but they are different from each other. Again, that does not mean one cannot affect the other. When a person has depression, one of the main things that he or she can experience is a lack of pleasure from the activities and happenings which occur in his or her daily life. Similarly, when a person does not get enough sleep or even just cannot sleep, he or she is quite likely to display a tendency to worry. Often, worrying sets the stage for depression to develop in the person. In fact, doctors have observed that people who do not sleep enough are more likely to undergo treatment for depression than the others. Recent findings have concluded that when a person sleeps better, the case of depression also shows an uptick. In addition to this, the habit of sleeping well can also go quite a long way to make sure that a person does not relapse into depression. According to some sleep therapies, people who suffer from lack of sleep are advised to follow a systematic routine of getting to bed and getting out of bed. Activities including reading in bed or watching TV after going to bed must be avoided. While there are various means to help a person sleep better, the choice as to which one would suit a person in the best possible way is only best decided by the person s personal doctor. What is for sure is the fact that a person can effectively sleep to a better life! So, it can be said that if a person wants to cure his/her depression and enjoy life being peppy, napping away is not such a bad idea after all. Having said that, everything is good only up to a certain limit!
5060 people found this helpful

Types Of Insomnia And Its Homeopathic Treatment!

Dr. Mohammed Faizal 92% (992 ratings)
CCAH, BHMS
Homeopath, Palakkad
Types Of Insomnia And Its Homeopathic Treatment!
Sleeplessness and role of homeopathy in treating it. A good laugh and a long sleep are the best cures in the doctor's book. - irish proverb Sleep has a profound effect on our physical, emotional and mental wellbeing. You must have realised so often that we feel very fresh and energetic after a good night's sleep. And when we do not have a good night's sleep, we feel tired and irritable the whole day, our productivity decreases, we are feeling sleepy, and our whole schedule goes haywire. Sleep is the time when body undergoes repair and detoxification. Poor sleep patterns are linked to poor health and those who sleep less than six hours a night have a shorter life expectancy than those who sleep for longer. When you sleep your muscles are relaxed during sleep and some blood circulation meant for the brain is diverted towards the muscles to repair them. A person is said to be suffering from sleeplessness or insomnia when he/she wakes up frequently during the night or too early in the morning or has difficulty in falling asleep. Insomnia can be classified in the following ways - 1. Primary insomnia: it refers to sleep problems which aren't directly related with any health condition. 2. Secondary insomnia: it stands for sleep problems that may be caused by health conditions, medications, pain or any other causes. 3. Acute insomnia: it is also known as short-term insomnia and usually lasts for a night or a few weeks. 4. Chronic insomnia: insomnia is described as long-term or chronic if you suffer from it for about 3 nights a week for 1 month or longer. Common causes of sleeplessness: When it comes to causes, there are several such as - - anxiety - stress - pain or discomfort while sleeping - use of certain medications - interference in your normal sleep schedule - having heavy meals or stimulants like caffeinated drinks and nicotine In addition, there are also some medical conditions that can develop or aggravate insomnia, such as, - asthma - low back pain - chronic pain - arthritis - neurological conditions such as parkinson's disease How does homeopathy help in treating insomnia Since sleep disorder is of critical concern, homeopathy treatment offers an excellent remedy as it doesn't involve any side effects. A professional homeopath first studies the symptoms of the disorder and offers remedy accordingly. These remedies go to the root cause of the problem and are not meant to just provide symptomatic relief, apart from the medicine, you will be guided about certain lifestyle changes they should make. If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'.
1 person found this helpful

7 Lifestyle Changes To Cure Insomnia!

Dr. Vikas Patel 92% (469 ratings)
Diploma in Psychological Medicine, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
7 Lifestyle Changes To Cure Insomnia!
Sleep is the most essential part of our lives because it is the time when our body gets rejuvenated and recharged. However, due to numerous reasons, quite a few individuals fail to achieve proper sleep or any sleep at all. This condition in which a person is unable to sleep at night can be termed as insomnia. Causes of insomnia There can be varied reasons for different people that can cause insomnia. Unhealthy lifestyle i.e. improper sleep cycle, improper food habits, untimely naps, substance abuse etc. Medical conditions like sinus allergies, gastrointestinal problems, endocrine problems, arthritis, asthma, neurological condition like Parkinson s disease, chronic back pain etc. Psychological conditions like depression and anxiety Certain medications aimed to cure other health problems In case of the treatable medical reasons, insomnia is gone once the problem is treated. However, for people who have no idea as to why they suffer from insomnia, here are certain tips that can help in fighting it. Lifestyle changes to cure insomnia Starting with a significant lifestyle change can be a great way to change one s sleep cycles and get a good night s sleep. Maintain a proper and healthy diet, with more fruits and vegetables and less carbs and fat. Try to sleep and wake up at the same time everyday (despite the fact that you may not feel sleepy). This will train the body and regulate the body clock. Avoid afternoon naps or any short naps during the day. Exercise daily for at least 30 minutes. Avoid caffeine as it has contains properties that keeps a person up for long hours. Avoid intake of alcohol and nicotine. Although alcohol is associated with fun and partying, it is actually a depressant and causes improper sleep. Avoid any meal right before bed time. Tips that can help Take a good, warm shower right before sleep. Ask your partner to give you a nice massage before bedtime. Restrict bed activities to sleep and sex only, nothing more. Make a really comfortable and inviting sleep environment. Try and get rid of all your worries before going to bed. Reduce stress using a number of stress reduction therapies like meditation, deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation techniques, etc. Apart from the lifestyle changes and the tips that will help you gain a better sleep, there is another therapy, which may be useful. It is called the cognitive behavioural therapy. This therapy can give essential knowledge about sleep and help achieve normal sleep routines.
4176 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from severe insomnia for the last 15 years. Please give me remedy and save my life. I am only 36 years old.

Dr. Himani Negi 92% (17370 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
Insomnia is a sleep disorder in which a person finds it difficult to fall asleep or to stay asleep. Insomnia also includes poor sleep quality, restless sleep, waking up several times during sleep, and feeling un-refreshed or tired after waking up.  Homeopathy provides a very safe, effective and non-habit forming treatment of both types of insomnia — acute and chronic. Since the Homeopathic medicines are sourced from natural substances, there are no side-effects. While Insomnia lasting less than a month is considered acute, if the condition continues for more than a month, it is referred to as chronic Insomnia. There are various causes of Insomnia. The prominent ones are stress, grief, depression, emotional disturbance, intake of stimulants like coffee and alcohol, and a huge number of medical reasons (like heart diseases, breathing disorders, thyroid problems, and rheumatoid arthritis). Insomnia is also one of the major concerns in elderly people. You can easily take an online consultation for further treatment guidance and permanent cure without any side effects Medicines will reach you via courier services.

I have hashimoto thyroiditis. I also have insomnia issue. I am not able to sleep more than 4 hour at night. please tell me solution to improve sleep. My TSH is in normal range.

Dr. V.P. Bansal 86% (14 ratings)
MBBS, MD, DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Indore
Take passiflora Q 10 drops twice a day and revert back for further treatment. SOME TIPS WHICH MAKES YOU FALL ASLEEP SOONER- 1. Stop watching the clock. Marking off the minutes only heightens your distress about being awake. 2. Try relaxing your body to fall asleep. Working from your toes to your forehead, tightly tense each muscle group for five seconds, then relax. 3. Find an uninteresting activity. Read something uninteresting. Listen to relaxing music. When you start to feel drowsy, go back to bed. 4. Create a consistent sleeping and waking schedule — even on the weekends and days off work. “What works best is going to bed at the same time and waking up at same time every day 5. Avoid consuming drinks or food with caffeine before bedtime. Abstain from caffeine for at least five to six hours before you plan to retire 6. Make your sleeping environment comfortable. The room should have a temperature that is not too warm or too cold. Find a mattress and pillow with a firmness level that you find restful. 7. One hour before bedtime, stop doing work or other mentally challenging tasks. Switch to something calming such as reading a book. 8. Use your bed only for sleep or intimacy. Do not watch television or play with electronic devices while lying in bed. Try the above things. For more queries contact us.

I am suffering from insomnia and unwanted dreams. Unwanted dreams are comes whole night till my wakeup and it dreams are very dangerous e.g. Fighting to evil, someone is dead in my family etc. Kindly advise.

Dr. V.P. Bansal 86% (14 ratings)
MBBS, MD, DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Indore
Dreaming is a symbolic language designed to communicate your inner wisdom to you while you are asleep. The part of your subconscious that processes dreams -- your dream self -- sends messages as symbols and images, which in turn conveys ideas or situations in a visual language. While many agree about what dreams are, there is still debate over why we actually dream. Most experts believe we dream to assist the body with rest, repair and rejuvenation. Others speculate that we dream for psychological reasons: to reexamine the day's events, to reduce and relieve stress, and to provide an outlet for pent-up emotions. Since the dreams are disturbing your sleep so you should learn some techniques of meditation, take rest, be hydrated, take nutritious and balanced diet, go for a walk or do some exercises. This will keep your thoughts calm. We have some good homeopathic medicines based on the types of dreams you see which prevents your sleep. So do consult some good homeopath and for my consultation contact me.
1 person found this helpful

I've been suffering from sleeping insomnia for more then 4 years. I couldn't get sleep till mid night 1 or 2 am. And also only for a few times I could get very sound sleep (if I studied for several hours on that day) please give me best suggestions FOR DEEP SLEEP.

Dr. Jagtap T N 90% (894 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Ahmednagar
simple ways for a restful sleep 1. Cut down on caffeine: Caffeine drinkers may find it harder to fall asleep. Even a single cup of coffee in the morning may lead to a sleepless night. Caffeine blocks the effects of adenosine, a neurotransmitter thought to promote sleep. Caffeine can also interrupt sleep by increasing the need to urinate during the night. Because caffeine withdrawal can cause headaches, irritability, and extreme fatigue, it may be easier to cut back gradually rather than to go cold turkey. Those who can’t or don’t want to give up caffeine should avoid it after 2 p.m., or noon if they are especially caffeine–sensitive. 2. Stop smoking or chewing tobacco: Nicotine is a central nervous system stimulant that can cause insomnia. If you continue to use tobacco, avoid smoking or chewing it for at least one to two hours before bedtime. 3. Limit alcohol intake: Alcohol depresses the nervous system, so a nightcap may seem to help some people fall asleep. Alcohol suppresses REM sleep, and the soporific effects disappear after a few hours. Alcohol also worsens snoring and other sleep breathing problems. 4. Worry and stress causes sleeplessness. Find out what hurts you and resolve the issue.
1 person found this helpful

I'm suffering insomnia from 3 years. I'm totally lost. I'm suffering lot. I couldn't sleep properly pls help me out.

Dr. Vaibhav Bhokare 89% (8179 ratings)
MD-Ayurveda, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ahmednagar
Use herbal medicine for permanent cure. Eat capsule detox daily once for 45 days along with capsule neurotip at night for 45 days.

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