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Insomnia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Insomnia is a sleep disorder which makes the affected hard to sleep, stay asleep or make you wake up too fast. Insomnia can also make it difficult for you to go back to sleep once you have woken up. This disorder makes you tired the whole day and drains your energy levels, health, mood, work performance and quality of life. A lot of adults can experience short-term (acute) insomnia that lasts for weeks or days. This is usually due to an after effect of a traumatizing event or just stress. But mostly, people who experience chronic (long term) insomnia which lasts for more than a month is caused due to certain medical conditions or side effects of medicines.

Causes of Insomnia:

For the treatment of insomnia, it is important to treat the underlying cause. It can be caused due to life events, stress and bad habits that affect your sleeping patterns. However, some other causes of insomnia include:

  • Stress- Concerns about family, finances, health, school and work can keep our mind active even if you are tired. This makes it very difficult to sleep. Trauma or life events like a job loss, divorce, illness or death of a loved one can result to insomnia.
  • Work or travel schedule- Frequently changing shifts at work, doing a late shift, jet lags and travelling across different time zones can disrupt your body’s sleep cycle and lead to insomnia.
  • Unhealthy sleep habits- Sleep habits such as eating just before sleeping, watching too much television, using your bed during work, uneasy sleep environment, stimulating physical activities before bed, uneven naps and irregular sleep schedules can cause insomnia.
  • Eating too much before bed- Eating a lot of food can make you very uncomfortable while lying down. A lot of people who eat a lot before sleeping complain of heartburn. This occurs when the food and acid from the stomach flows into the esophagus. This is a major reason for insomnia.
  • Mental issues- Disorders such as post traumatic stress disorder or anxiety disorders can also trigger insomnia. Certain form of impulse control disorders might also make you stressed out which eventually leads to insomnia.
  • Medications- Prescription drugs and certain medications used to treat blood pressure and asthma can also cause insomnia.
  • Other disorders- Medical conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, overactive thyroid, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), asthma, heart disease, diabetes, cancer and chronic pain can also trigger insomnia.
Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Difficulty falling asleep at night Waking up during the night Trouble focusing on daily tasks Sleepiness and tiredness Waking up too early

Popular Health Tips

Insomnia - Ways It Can Affect Your Emotions!

Dr. Gaurav Uppal 91% (357 ratings)
Diploma in Psychological Medicine, Doing Post Diploma MD, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Insomnia - Ways It Can Affect Your Emotions!
There is a distinct relationship between sleeping disorders and your emotional health, both influence each other. Insomnia is a common sleeping disorder, which is generally caused due to stress and tension. Depression and anxiety also account for insomnia. It has been proven by research that people who experience sleeplessness or cases of insomnia are at a higher risk of depression and similar psychiatric disorders. Insomnia is an important factor which causes depression and many people affected by it commit suicide. Researchers have found dysfunctional activity in the area of the brain where emotions are processed and regulated, among people with insomnia. Their study explains the mechanism by which insomnia affects and influences emotions in people, which leads to depression and other disorders. The ways in which insomnia affects your emotions There is a clear difference in the brain activities of people with insomnia when compared with normal people who get good sleep. There is usually a great difference between the activities of the amygdala, which are neurons in the temporal lobe of the brain. The amygdala is very important in regulation and processing of emotions. Insomnia disrupts the ability of the brain to process negative emotions. Neural change and problems with regulating emotions are also caused because of insomnia. Insomnia disables the ability of judging or sensing any kind of emotion by looking at the face of a person. It is difficult to judge emotions such as anger and sadness in people suffering from insomnia. This impairment occurs more in women. Insomnia and similar sleeping disorders affect our inhibition and disrupt our impulse control mechanism. An insomniac person is likely to develop increased impulsiveness to negative stimulus. People suffering from insomnia develop a perception towards negative stuff and perceive most things in a negative way, rather than looking at the bright side which a normal person tends to do. People affected by insomnia are characterized by a negative mood and are pessimists in nature. A sleep deprived or insomniac patient shows greater activity around the limbic area of the brain. This is the area where major emotional regulation and processing are undertaken. A person suffering from insomnia develops a cranky personality. The patient is in an irritable mood and is triggered by the slightest and pettiest of circumstances. An insomniac patient is also characterized by swinging moods, high temper and general fatigue, which result due to lack of sleep. Insomnia is a sleeping disorder which directly affects a person's emotions and the processing and regulation of emotions. There is a direct and important link between insomnia and emotional disorders. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
2725 people found this helpful

Insomnia And Its Symptoms!

Dr. Sunil Kumar 87% (23 ratings)
Ph.D - Psychology, M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, MA - Psychology
Psychologist, Chennai
Insomnia And Its Symptoms!
Insomnia is the condition of acute sleeplessness, and it takes a heavy toll on your mood, your energy levels, and your ability to concentrate and work during the day. Some of the most common symptoms of the condition are: You find it difficult to fall asleep even if you are tired Once you wake up in the middle of the night, you cannot get back to sleep You cannot work or concentrate on anything during the day You stay mostly fatigued, or irritated throughout the day You have to depend on pills or alcohol to fall asleep. You wake up very early in the morning, no matter how late you sleep What could be the causes for insomnia? Insomnia might last just a few days if it is induced by some temporary cause, like stress at your workplace, or any other personal issue you can be facing. However, when the cause is a long rooted one, insomnia might persist for a long time. There can be a mix of many causes for that to happen: Psychological stress or other emotional discomforts Common psychological problems like anxiety, depression, chronic work stress, grief, and also bipolar disorder can be the causes for insomnia. Illness or other medical problems There can be many medical causes or other illnesses at the root of insomnia like allergies, acute asthma, hyperthyroidism, Parkinson's disease, kidney related diseases and cancer as well. Medications There can be many drugs, which might be prescribed by your doctor, but still be responsible for insomnia. These include antidepressants, corticosteroids like thyroid hormone medicines, few blood pressure medications, certain contraceptives and stimulants for ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Sleep Disorders Insomnia, though in itself is a sleep disorder, can also be the symptoms for other sleep disorders like sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and other disorders related to jet lag or if you are working on a late night shift. In addition to these causes, some daily lifestyle habits might act as triggers to insomnia, which include: Consumption of large amounts of caffeine on a regular basis Developing irregular sleep schedules Taking your smartphone to bed and ending up spending a lot of time with it in the night Eating late in the evening
2880 people found this helpful

How Homeopathy is a Boon Towards Treating Insomnia?

Dr. Ramesh Ram R P D 91% (1048 ratings)
Homeopath, Chennai
How Homeopathy is a Boon Towards Treating Insomnia?
Why it s ideal to treat insomnia with homeopathy Insomnia is a mental condition, which is characterized by a difficulty in falling asleep, even when you have the chance to do so. People with insomnia feel dissatisfied with their sleep and usually experience fatigue, low energy, lack of concentration, mood swings and decreased performance at work or at school. The causes of insomnia include stress, emotional or physical discomfort; environmental factors like noise, light or extreme temperature that interferes with sleep; and depression or anxiety. The visible symptoms of insomnia are inability to fall asleep no matter what, irritability, depression, lack of concentration and enthusiasm, and distressed stomach and intestine. Complications associated with insomnia can cause psychiatric problems, obesity, increased risk of long-term diseases or conditions like high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes. Homeopathy is a boon towards treating insomnia. 1. Safety Homeopathic medication are far safer therefore, it is preferable and highly recommended. It serves invaluably during insomnia and does not involve any side effects. 2. Efficiency The efficiency of homeopathic medicines in curing the several problems associated with insomnia is unquestionable. Plus, targets at providing long-term cure for insomnia instead of just temporary relief. The approach that homeopathy adopts includes getting at the root cause of the problem, and weeding it out so that there s never a relapse of your condition. If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'Consult'.
3250 people found this helpful

Insomnia and Depression - Is There A Link Between Them?

Ms. Archana Narwani 95% (110 ratings)
Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Pune
Insomnia and Depression - Is There A Link Between Them?
In today s stressful environment, more and more people are being diagnosed with psychological disorders such as insomnia and depression. Neither of the two are things which people feel lucky to possess. However, it is interesting to note that there is a link between the two conditions. Also, the problems are a lot more common than a person is likely to first think; 80% of depressed people suffer from chronic insomnia! For a long time until recently, many people were of the opinion that most depressed people were insomniac. But that is not really correct. The two issues do overlap to a large extent, but they are different from each other. Again, that does not mean one cannot affect the other. When a person has depression, one of the main things that he or she can experience is a lack of pleasure from the activities and happenings which occur in his or her daily life. Similarly, when a person does not get enough sleep or even just cannot sleep, he or she is quite likely to display a tendency to worry. Often, worrying sets the stage for depression to develop in the person. In fact, doctors have observed that people who do not sleep enough are more likely to undergo treatment for depression than the others. Recent findings have concluded that when a person sleeps better, the case of depression also shows an uptick. In addition to this, the habit of sleeping well can also go quite a long way to make sure that a person does not relapse into depression. According to some sleep therapies, people who suffer from lack of sleep are advised to follow a systematic routine of getting to bed and getting out of bed. Activities including reading in bed or watching TV after going to bed must be avoided. While there are various means to help a person sleep better, the choice as to which one would suit a person in the best possible way is only best decided by the person s personal doctor. What is for sure is the fact that a person can effectively sleep to a better life! So, it can be said that if a person wants to cure his/her depression and enjoy life being peppy, napping away is not such a bad idea after all. Having said that, everything is good only up to a certain limit!
5098 people found this helpful

Types Of Insomnia And Its Homeopathic Treatment!

Dr. Mohammed Faizal 92% (1018 ratings)
Homeopath, Palakkad
Types Of Insomnia And Its Homeopathic Treatment!
Sleeplessness and role of homeopathy in treating it. A good laugh and a long sleep are the best cures in the doctor's book. - irish proverb Sleep has a profound effect on our physical, emotional and mental wellbeing. You must have realised so often that we feel very fresh and energetic after a good night's sleep. And when we do not have a good night's sleep, we feel tired and irritable the whole day, our productivity decreases, we are feeling sleepy, and our whole schedule goes haywire. Sleep is the time when body undergoes repair and detoxification. Poor sleep patterns are linked to poor health and those who sleep less than six hours a night have a shorter life expectancy than those who sleep for longer. When you sleep your muscles are relaxed during sleep and some blood circulation meant for the brain is diverted towards the muscles to repair them. A person is said to be suffering from sleeplessness or insomnia when he/she wakes up frequently during the night or too early in the morning or has difficulty in falling asleep. Insomnia can be classified in the following ways - 1. Primary insomnia: it refers to sleep problems which aren't directly related with any health condition. 2. Secondary insomnia: it stands for sleep problems that may be caused by health conditions, medications, pain or any other causes. 3. Acute insomnia: it is also known as short-term insomnia and usually lasts for a night or a few weeks. 4. Chronic insomnia: insomnia is described as long-term or chronic if you suffer from it for about 3 nights a week for 1 month or longer. Common causes of sleeplessness: When it comes to causes, there are several such as - - anxiety - stress - pain or discomfort while sleeping - use of certain medications - interference in your normal sleep schedule - having heavy meals or stimulants like caffeinated drinks and nicotine In addition, there are also some medical conditions that can develop or aggravate insomnia, such as, - asthma - low back pain - chronic pain - arthritis - neurological conditions such as parkinson's disease How does homeopathy help in treating insomnia Since sleep disorder is of critical concern, homeopathy treatment offers an excellent remedy as it doesn't involve any side effects. A professional homeopath first studies the symptoms of the disorder and offers remedy accordingly. These remedies go to the root cause of the problem and are not meant to just provide symptomatic relief, apart from the medicine, you will be guided about certain lifestyle changes they should make. If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I do not get sleep at nights. I am hardly able to sleep from 4 am to 6 am. Rest of the night i just lying. I am suffering a lot and nights are hell for me. Someone please help me. I am unable to survive this. How do I cure my insomnia?

Dr. V.P. Bansal 93% (568 ratings)
MBBS, MD, DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Indore
For good sleep, just try out these simple ways - 1. Stick to a sleep schedule- Go to bed and get up at the same time every day. Try to limit the difference in your sleep schedule on weeknights and weekends to no more than one hour. Being consistent reinforces your body's sleep-wake cycle. If you don't fall asleep within about 20 minutes, leave your bedroom and do something relaxing. Read or listen to soothing music. Go back to bed when you're tired. Repeat as needed. 2. Pay attention to what you eat and drink - Don't go to bed hungry or stuffed. In particular, avoid heavy or large meals within a couple of hours of bedtime. Your discomfort might keep you up. Nicotine, caffeine and alcohol deserve caution, too. 3. Create a restful environment - Avoid prolonged use of light-emitting screens just before bedtime. Consider using room-darkening shades, earplugs, a fan or other devices to create an environment that suits your needs. Doing calming activities before bedtime, such as taking a bath or using relaxation techniques, might promote better sleep. 4. Limit daytime naps - Long daytime naps can interfere with nighttime sleep. If you choose to nap, limit yourself to up to 30 minutes and avoid doing so late in the day. 5. Include physical activity in your daily routine - Regular physical activity can promote better sleep 6. Manage worries - Try to resolve your worries or concerns before bedtime. Stress management might help. Start with the basics, such as getting organized, setting priorities and delegating tasks. Meditation also can ease anxiety. Identifying and treating any underlying causes can help you get the better sleep you deserve. If above things doesn't help you, then consult us for homeopathic medicines.

I take half of rivotril 0.25 mg for insomnia at night. By my doctor. What are it's side effects for long term.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 91% (23487 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
side effects may include: drowsiness, dizziness, problems with thinking or memory; tired feeling, muscle weakness, loss of balance or coordination; slurred speech, drooling or dry mouth, sore gums; runny or stuffy nose; loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea, constipation; blurred vision; headache;

I am taking half rivotril 0.25 mg for insomnia told by my doctor. I want to start trika 0.25 mg. Can I immediately stop rivotril. Is it safe to stop rivotril and start trika. Coz I think trika is safe than rivotril. So shall I immediately stop rivotril .Will trika suit me?

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 91% (23487 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Rivotril and tika are two different drugs and bot have dependency problem. You should not use it unless you are asked by your doctor and for a short period.

I am taking rivotril 0.25 mg half. For insomnia. Told by my doctor. Does it have any side effects. Shall I stop and start using trika it is more safe.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 91% (23487 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Rivotril does not have serious side effects and it can lead to dependency and trika is not a substitute and it also has dependence problem

Madam I am pleased with your answer, have insomnia what medicine should take please advise.

Dr. Priyanka T 89% (393 ratings)
Homeopath, Ranchi
for insomnia there are many medicine in homoeopathy but for that need to take full only insomnia is not helpfull to prescribe.

Health Quizzes

Homeopathic treatment for Insomnia

Dr. Deepak Jain 93% (1738 ratings)
Homeopath, Agra
Chronic insomnia can directly lead to death. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
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