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Alzheimer'S Disease - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Alzheimer's disease is a neurological condition. It is characterized by cognitive decline and memory loss due to the death of brain cells. This disease starts off mild and gets worse as it progressively. Alzheimer's disease is a very common form type of dementia. Alzheimer's disease cannot be cured, but treatment can help reduce the symptoms of alzheimers.

What causes Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer's disease occurs when the brain cells start to die. The size of the brain shrinks to a great extent. The brain tissue has very few connections and nerve cells. A postmortem/autopsy can only show the tiny inclusions inside the nerve tissues. This is called tangles and plaques. Plaques are formed due to the build-up of a substance called beta-amyloid (amyloid plaques). The tangles of the brain neurons are formed due to the disintegration of a protein called tau. According to researchers, alzheimer's disease goes way beyond protein abnormalities. alzheimer's disease makes it difficult to recognize faces and objects. The most prominent sign includes problem-solving, judgment and reasoning. A form of dementia called vascular dementia is caused due to a traumatic incident such as stroke, is the most common type of dementia after alzheimer's disease.

Stages of alzheimer's disease:

  • Preclinical (no symptoms or signs)
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Dementia

Risk factors of developing alzheimer's disease:

  • Age- This disorder usually affects people who are older than 85 years old. Studies also prove that many people in the age group of 65 years suffer from alzheimer's disease more often.
  • Family history- Scientists have proved the fact that alzheimer's disease can be inherited in the genes. If your family member has alzheimer’s, you are more likely to develop it when you become older.
  • A certain gene- A gene called APOE or E gene makes a person more susceptible in developing alzheimer's disease more than a person who doesn’t have this strain of gene.

Avoidable factors that can cause alzheimer's disease:

  • Diseases like high blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes can increase your risk of developing alzheimer's disease.
  • Occupational and low educational attainment.
  • Traumatic head injuries.
  • Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea can also cause alzheimer's disease.
  • Exposure to environmental toxins, brain plaques, gum diseases and people with rosacea are more prone to developing alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimer's disease can be diagnosed by performing tests to check neurological functions and by undergoing brain scans such s EEG, MRI and CAT scan.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Memory loss and confusion. Shrinking vocabulary and decreased word fluency.

Popular Health Tips

Alzheimer's Day - Tips To Help A Person Deal With It!

Dr. Raghuveer Raju Boosa 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Hyderabad
Alzheimer's Day - Tips To Help A Person Deal With It!
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Dr. Sankalp Mohan 90% (64 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellow in Pain Management, DM - Neurology
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Can The Immune System Give Rise To Alzheimer's Disease?
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Dr. Gautam Clinic Pvt Ltd 88% (54 ratings)
Sexologist Clinic
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Health Benefits of Palak (Spinach)
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Dr. Surendra Khosya 84% (44 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Jaipur
Memory Problem (Dementia)!
डिमेंशिया (dementia) alzheimer disease क्या है? क्या यह संभव है कि आपका कोई प्रियजन डिमेंशिया से ग्रस्त है, और आपको मालूम ही नहीं? सतर्क रहने के लिए आप को डिमेंशिया के बारे मे क्या जानना चाहिए? या हो सकता है कि आपके परिवार में किसी को डिमेंशिया है, और आप समझ नहीं पा रहे कि उसकी देखभाल करें तो कैसे करें, क्योंकि वह व्यक्ति आपकी बात समझ ही नहीं पाता है और अजीब तरह से पेश आ रहा है. आइये, डिमेंशिया और उसकी देखभाल के बारे में कुछ आवश्यक बातें देखें. डिमेंशिया: संक्षेप में कहें तो डिमेंशिया किसी विशेष बीमारी का नाम नहीं, बल्कि एक बड़े से लक्षणों के समूह का नाम है (संलक्षण, syndrome)। डिमेंशिया को कुछ लोग भूलने की बीमारी कहते हैं, परन्तु डिमेंशिया सिर्फ भूलने का दूसरा नाम नहीं हैं, इसके अन्य भी कई लक्षण हैं नयी बातें याद करने में दिक्कत, तर्क न समझ पाना, लोगों से मेल-जोल करने में झिझकना, सामान्य काम न कर पाना, अपनी भावनाओं को संभालने में मुश्किल, व्यक्तित्व में बदलाव, इत्यादि। यह सभी लक्षण मस्तिष्क की हानि के कारण होते हैं, और ज़िंदगी के हर पहलू में दिक्कतें पैदा करते हैं। यह भी गौर करें कि यह ज़रूरी नहीं है कि डिमेंशिया से ग्रस्त व्यक्ति की याददाश्त खराब हो कुछ प्रकार के डिमेंशिया में शुरू में चरित्र में बदलाव, चाल और संतुलन में मुश्किल, बोलने में दिक्कत, या अन्य लक्षण प्रकट हो सकते हैं, पर याददाश्त सही रह सकती है. डिमेंशिया के लक्षण अनेक रोगों की वजह से पैदा हो सकते हैं, जैसे कि अल्ज़ाइमर रोग (ad), लुई बॉडीज वाला डिमेंशिया (lwd) वास्कुलर डिमेंशिया (नाड़ी सम्बंधित/ संवहनी मनोभ्रंश) vad), फ्रंटोटेम्पोरल डिमेंशिया (ftd) पार्किन्सन dementia (pdd), इत्यादि। लक्षणों के कुछ उदाहरण: हाल में हुई घटना को भूल जाना, बातचीत करने समय सही शब्द याद न आना, बैंक की स्टेटमेंट न समझ पाना, भीड़ में या दुकान में सामान खरीदते समय घबरा जाना, नए मोबाईल के बटन न समझ पाना, ज़रूरी निर्णय न ले पाना, लोगों और साधारण वस्तुओं को न पहचान पाना, वगैरह। रोगियों का व्यवहार अकसर काफी बदल जाता है। कई डिमेंशिया वाले व्यक्ति ज्यादा शक करने लगते हैं, और आसपास के लोगों पर चोरी करने का, मारने का, या भूखा रखने का आरोप लगाते हैं। कुछ व्यक्ति अधिक उत्तेजित रहने लगते हैं, कुछ अन्य व्यक्ति लोगों से मिलना बंद कर देते हैं और दिन भर चुपचाप बैठे रहते हैं। कुछ व्यक्ति अश्लील हरकतें भी करने लगते हैं। कौन से व्यक्ति में कौन से लक्षण नज़र आयेंगे, यह इस बात पर निर्भर है कि उनके मस्तिष्क के किस हिस्से में हानि हुई है। किसीमे कुछ लक्षण नज़र आते हैं, किसी में कुछ और। जैसे कि, कुछ रोगियों में भूलना इतना प्रमुख नहीं होता जितना चरित्र का बदलाव। भारत में ज़्यादातर लोग इन सब लक्षणों को उम्र बढ़ने का स्वाभाविक अंश समझते हैं, या सोचते हैं कि यह तनाव के कारण है या व्यक्ति का चरित्र बिगड गया है, पर यह सोच गलत है। ये लक्षण डिमेंशिया या अन्य किसी बीमारी के कारण भी हो सकते हैं, इसलिए डॉक्टर की सलाह लेना उपयुक्त है। अफ़सोस, भारत में डिमेंशिया की जानकारी कम होने के कारण इनमे से कई लक्षणों के साथ कलंक भी जुड़ा है। इसलिए डिमेंशिया से पीड़ित व्यक्ति यह सोच कर अपनी समस्याओं को छुपाते हैं कि या उन्हें पागल समझा जाएगा या लोग हंसेंगे कि क्या छोटी सी बात लेकर डॉक्टर के पास जाना चाहते हैं! परिवार वाले इन लक्षणों को बुढापे का नतीजा समझ कर नकार देते हैं। वे यह नहीं सोचते कि सलाह पाने से स्थिति में सुधार हो सकता है। उन्हें यह भी नहीं पता होता है कि व्यक्ति को सहायता की ज़रूरत है। व्यक्ति के बदले हुए व्यवहार को परिवार वाले हट्टीपन या चरित्र का दोष या पागलपन समझते हैं, और कभी दुःखी और निराश होते हैं, तो कभी व्यक्ति पर गुस्सा करने लगते हैं। निदान (diagnosis) क्यों ज़रूरी है: अगर कोई व्यक्ति डिमेंशिया के लक्षणों से परेशान है तो डॉक्टर से सलाह करनी चाहिए। डॉक्टर जांच करके पता चलाएंगे कि यह लक्षण किस रोग के कारण हो रहे हैं। हर भूलने का मामला डिमेंशिया नहीं होता हो सकता है कि लक्षण किसी दूसरी समस्या के कारण हों, जैसे कि अवसाद (depression). या हो सकता है कि यह लक्षण ऐसे रोग के कारण हैं जिसे दवाई से पूरी तरह ठीक हो सकता है (उदाहरण के तौर पर thyroid होरमोन की कमी होना)। कुछ प्रकार के डिमेंशिया ऐसे भी हैं जिनका उपचार तो नहीं, पर फिर भी दवाई से कुछ रोगियों को लक्षणों से कुछ आराम मिल सकता है। यह सब तो डॉक्टर की जांच के बाद ही पता चल सकता है। डिमेंशिया किस को हो सकता है: डिमेंशिया शब्द अँग्रेज़ी का शब्द है, परन्तु इससे ग्रस्त व्यक्ति हर देश, हर शहर, हर कौम में पाए जाते हैं। इसकी संभावना उम्र के साथ बढ़ती है। अगर आप बुजुर्गों के किस्से सुनें तो पायेंगे कि परिवार ने जिसे एक अधेढ़ उम्र के व्यक्ति का अटपटा व्यवहार समझा था, वह शायद व्यवहार शायद डिमेंशिया के कारण था। (चूंकि डिमेंशिया अँग्रेज़ी का शब्द है, इसलिए देवनागरी लिपि में इसे लिखने के कई तरीके हैं, जैसे कि: डिमेन्शिया, डिमेंशिया डिमेंश्या, डिमेंटिया, डेमेंटिया, इत्यादि. कुछ लोग इसके लिए संस्कृत के शब्द, मनोभ्रंश का इस्तेमाल करते हैं) विश्व भर में डिमेंशिया की पहचान पिछले कुछ दशक में ज्यादा अच्छी तरह से हुई है, और अब डॉक्टरों का मानना है कि यह लक्षण उम्र बढ़ने का साधारण अंग नहीं हैं। जो रोग डिमेंशिया का कारण हैं, उन पर शोध हो रहा है ताकि बचाव और इलाज के तरीके ढूंढें जा सकें। आजकल भी, डिमेंशिया से ग्रस्त व्यक्तियों और उनके परिवार वालों के आराम के लिए कुछ उपाय मौजूद हैं, जिससे व्यक्ति और उसके परिवार वाले ज्यादा सरलता और सुख से रह सकें, लक्षणों की वजह से हो रही तकलीफें कम हो जाएँ, और घर के माहौल का तनाव कम हो। डिमेंशिया और बुढ़ापे में फ़र्क: डिमेंशिया से ग्रस्त व्यक्ति के साथ रहना किसी अन्य स्वस्थ बुज़ुर्ग के साथ रहने से बहुत फ़र्क है। डिमेंशिया की वजह से व्यक्ति के सोचने-करने की क्षमता पर बहुत असर होता है, और परिवार वालों को देखभाल के तरीके उसके अनुसार बदलने होते हैं। व्यक्ति से बातचीत करने का, उसकी सहायता करने का, और उसके उत्तेजित या उदासीन मूड को संभालने का तरीका बदलना होता है। समय के साथ रोग के कारण मस्तिष्क में बहुत अधिक हानि हो जाती है, और व्यक्ति ज़्यादा निर्भर होते जाते हैं। परिवार वालों को देखभाल के लिए दिन भर व्यक्ति के साथ रहना पड़ता है, और इस को संभव बनाने के लिए अपनी अन्य जिम्मेदारियों में समझौता करना पड़ता है। डिमेंशिया सिर्फ बुढापे में ही नहीं, पहले भी हो सकता है (जैसे कि 30, 40 या 50 साल में): कई लोग सोचते हैं कि डिमेंशिया बुढापे की बीमारी है, और सिर्फ बुजुर्गों में पायी जाती है, पर कुछ प्रकार के डिमेंशिया जल्दी शुरू हो सकते हैं। who (वर्ल्ड हेल्थ ऑरगैनाइज़ेशन) का अनुमान है कि 65 साल से कम उम्र में होने वाले डिमेंशिया (जिसे young onset या early onset कहते हैं) अकसर पहचाने नहीं जाते और ऐसे केस शायद 6 से 9 प्रतिशत हैं। उचित देखभाल रोगियों और परिवार की खुशहाली के लिए बहुत ज़रूरी है: फिलहाल, अधिकांश डिमेंशिया में दवाई की भूमिका बहुत सीमित है. न तो दवाई मस्तिष्क को दोबारा ठीक कर सकती है, न ही बीमारी को बढ़ने से रोक सकती है, सिर्फ कुछ केस में दवाई लक्षणों से कुछ राहत पंहुचा पाती है। क्योंकि डिमेंशिया का सिलसिला कई साल तक चलता है, पर दवाई से कोई खास अंतर नहीं होता और रोग कम नहीं होता, इसलिए डिमेंशिया वाले व्यक्ति और परिवार की खुशहाली उचित देखभाल पर निर्भर है। यदि परिवार वाले यह समझ पाएँ कि डिमेंशिया वाले व्यक्ति को किस प्रकार की दिक्कतें हो रही हैं, और वे व्यक्ति से अपनी उम्मीदें उसी हिसाब से रखें और मदद के सही तरीके अपनाएँ तो स्थिति सहनीय रह पाती है, वरना व्यक्ति और परिवार, दोनों के लिए बहुत तनाव बना रहता है। कारगर देखभाल के लिए डिमेंशिया को समझना और सम्बंधित देखभाल के तरीके समझना आवश्यक है।
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Heartburn Drugs - Are They Safe?

Dr. Mangesh Chandewar 88% (227 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Public Health ( Preventive and Social Medicine)
General Physician, Navi Mumbai
Heartburn Drugs - Are They Safe?
If you check the recent scientific studies, then you will come to know that PPI drugs are treated as the popular medicines to treat heartburn troubles, but as the side-effect, you will face acute cognitive troubles. Your mental condition might get affected in various ways causing memory or concentration loss, decrease in brain ability and others. Though, these drugs are very safe but only effectively treating heartburn troubles, especially gastroesophageal-reflux disease. How Dementia is related with PPI drugs? PPI drugs are normally recommended by doctors for treating heartburn issues, but if you are taking these drugs on a continuous basis, then you might face the unwanted signs or symptoms of dementia. This is a hardcore fact, and it has been observed by many reputed researchers of the present age. There are some commonest symptoms that can be observed due to dementia, and some of the prominent ones are as follows:- Beta-amyloid production: Beta-amyloid is a kind of protein and the growth of this specific protein increases to a great extent with the consistent intake of PPI drugs. This protein might lead to the increase in varied dementia signs, out of which the most severe kind of situation is Alzheimer's disease. This disease might get converted into dreadful condition at times, and this is the reason a regular or consistent intake of PPI drugs should be essentially avoided. If you are facing this condition, then you should report about the same to your doctor immediately. This protein is very toxic or harmful for the brain as your mental ability is being adversely affected. Decrease of vitamin B12: If vitamin B12 decreases day by day, then acute mental disturbances will get invited. If you want to avoid this kind of condition, then nothing can be a better option other than avoiding PPI drugs. This is the only reason that doctors never recommend taking these drugs in an excessive limit. In fact, sometimes, these drugs are prescribed along with other potential medicines that can help in maintaining mental health in good condition. If you have got any family history of mental trouble, then you should reveal the same to your doctor so that strong PPI medicines are not prescribed for gastric troubles. In fact, there are few limitations among PPI drugs that are never to be prescribed by doctors and all the doctors should follow the same in a sincere manner.
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Popular Questions & Answers

My mother has been suffering from Dementia and alzheimer's disease. She has been prescribed Donamem and Sizodon MD 0.5 mg.twice a day. Now she is not able to speak although her hyper active nature has been under control after giving Sizodon. Please suggest what is the remedy so that she can speak again. Her age is 81 years.

Dr. Saranya Devanathan 93% (1311 ratings)
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Ashok, It is difficult to live with dementia. For you it is difficult to see her without talking or overtalking. At the age of 81 years most of her systems work less efficiently. You have to learn to use trial and error method to adjust drugs's dose. For the time being, please continue Donamem. Try and stop Sizodon. Manage her with trika. If she is hyper, give her again Sizodon 0.5 mg once a day, probably at night when you don't want her to be hyper. Please check any other medical condition is causing these hyperactive or not speaking state. It might be dehydration or electrolyte imbalance or hypoglycemia or fever. Once the medical condition is treated, she may not need Sizodon.
1 person found this helpful

I AM NOW 51 do I have a risk of developing Alzheimer's or memory loss. Please guide.

Dr. Payal Sharma Kamath 90% (39 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Alzheimer's disease is a neurological disorder in which the death of brain cells causes memory loss and cognitive decline Alzheimer's is caused by brain cell death. 3 It is a neurodegenerative disease, which means there is progressive brain cell death that happens over a course of time. Risk factors for developing the condition include aging, a family history of Alzheimer's, and carrying certain genes. Symptoms are - Repetitive questions or conversations Misplacing personal belongings Forgetting events or appointments Getting lost on a familiar route. "Poor understanding of safety risks Inability to manage finances Poor decision-making ability inability to plan complex or sequential activities Inability to operate simple implements, or orient clothing to the body. "Out-of-character mood changes, including agitation; less interest, motivation or initiative; apathy; social withdrawal There is no known cure for Alzheimer's disease - the death of brain cells in the dementia cannot be halted or reversed. There is, however, much backing for therapeutic interventions to help people live with Alzheimer's disease more ably. Some options may reduce its symptoms and help improve quality of life. So if you are having any of these above symptoms do consult a neuropsychiatrist. Have a great day.
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I have problem of forgetting common things and normal word and writing problem due to siezer. Can you pls tell me is there any possibilities of leads me to full Alzheimer disease.

Dr. Amiya Kumar Chattopadhyay 89% (1985 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Cardiology, DTM&H(Diploma Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, PGD PPHC(Post graduate diploma in Preventive and promotive health care
General Physician, Kolkata
Hi Nusrat, Lybrate user. U r too young to think about this disease. I have seen many patients with seizure disorder but not find develop Alzheimer disease later on. So don't worry be happy. Rather one of my close friend, a renound Doctor and his wife both seizure disorder aged over 65yrs are absolutely OK.
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Gd evng sir& madam. Dis is akbar I have a query about my grandfather as he is suffering from alzheimer's disease&Dementia. As he is also a diabetic&bp patient. He is suffering from dementia since 4 years. He is unable neither urinate nor have food himself. At present my grand mother is suffering a lot because of him. I would like to know the best treatment according to his present situation.

Dr. Rahul Poddar 92% (604 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Surgery), MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, Fellow of Indian association og gastro intestinal endo surgeons
General Surgeon, Ghaziabad
Diet has very important role. Just try this diet and see the difference in fee months time. Breakfast= fruits only. Abundant amount. Lunch/dinner= salad, sprouts, green vegetables, daal, only 1 roti in one meal. Stop having: milk, milk products, refined foods, packaged food of any kind like bread namkeen buiscuits maida etc.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Nail- Can they indicate your health

Dr. Ravindranath Reddy 92% (321 ratings)
Diploma in Medical Cosmetology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Horizontal ridges are a sign of trauma in the nails. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Brittle Bone Disease - How To Deal With It?

Dr. Ravi C V 87% (10 ratings)
DNB, Fellowship in Pediatric Orthopedics
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Being overweight can aggravate brittle bone disease. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Is homeopathy just a matter of belief?

Dr. Vaishali Rana 89% (743 ratings)
BHMS, Certified in Aesthetic Skin Treatments, Certified in Applied Behaviour Analysis
Homeopath, Mumbai
Homeopathy treatments are based only on proven scientific facts. True or False? Take the quiz to find it out.
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Fever and Homeopathy

Dr. Harkirat Wilkhoo 90% (169 ratings)
BHMS, Certificate in Sex Education & Parenthood, PG Dip (Preventive & Promotive Healthcare), Dip in LSM (Prescribing Exercises), Dip in LSM (Metabolic Disroders & Nutrition), Dip in Occupational health & industrial hygiene., MBA (Healthcare), Certificate in Good Clinical Practice, Dip in Healthcare Quality, Core Competency In Lifestyle Medicine
Homeopath, Jamshedpur
Quit eating when you have fever and it is sure to go away. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
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How To Detect STDs?

Dr. Danish Ali 95% (2299 ratings)
MBBS,MD(medicine), PGDS(sexology), Fellowship in sexual medicines, Certified Sexologist of USA
Sexologist, Jaipur
Having sex in a pool can prevent sexually transmitted diseases. True or false? Take the quiz to find out!
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