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Alzheimer'S Disease - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Alzheimer's Diseases ? What causes/happens Alzheimer’s disease? Treatment for Alzheimer’s disease:

What is Alzheimer's Diseases ?

Alzheimer's disease is a neurological condition. It is characterized by cognitive decline and memory loss due to the death of brain cells. This disease starts off mild and gets worse as it progressively. Alzheimer's disease is a very common form type of dementia. Alzheimer's disease cannot be cured, but treatment can help reduce the symptoms of alzheimers.

What causes/happens Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer's disease occurs when the brain cells start to die. The size of the brain shrinks to a great extent. The brain tissue has very few connections and nerve cells. A postmortem/autopsy can only show the tiny inclusions inside the nerve tissues. This is called tangles and plaques. Plaques are formed due to the build-up of a substance called beta-amyloid (amyloid plaques). The tangles of the brain neurons are formed due to the disintegration of a protein called tau. According to researchers, alzheimer's disease goes way beyond protein abnormalities. alzheimer's disease makes it difficult to recognize faces and objects. The most prominent sign includes problem-solving, judgment and reasoning. A form of dementia called vascular dementia is caused due to a traumatic incident such as stroke, is the most common type of dementia after alzheimer's disease.

Stages of alzheimer's disease:

  • Preclinical (no symptoms or signs)
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Dementia

Risk factors of developing alzheimer's disease:

  • Age- This disorder usually affects people who are older than 85 years old. Studies also prove that many people in the age group of 65 years suffer from alzheimer's disease more often.
  • Family history- Scientists have proved the fact that alzheimer's disease can be inherited in the genes. If your family member has alzheimer’s, you are more likely to develop it when you become older.
  • A certain gene- A gene called APOE or E gene makes a person more susceptible in developing alzheimer's disease more than a person who doesn’t have this strain of gene.

Avoidable factors that can cause alzheimer's disease:

  • Diseases like high blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes can increase your risk of developing alzheimer's disease.
  • Occupational and low educational attainment.
  • Traumatic head injuries.
  • Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea can also cause alzheimer's disease.
  • Exposure to environmental toxins, brain plaques, gum diseases and people with rosacea are more prone to developing alzheimer's disease.

Treatment for Alzheimer’s disease:

Alzheimer's disease can be diagnosed by performing tests to check neurological functions and by undergoing brain scans such s EEG, MRI and CAT scan.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir I am 45 years ld suffering with parkinson's since 7 years I am on syndopa plus 4th hourly ropark rl 2 mg bid and rasagline1 mg daily once after 3 hrs sometimes even for 2 hours also I am getting stiffness sir can I use zandopa powder along with this medicine.

Fellowship in epilepsy, DM - Neurology, DNB (General Medicine), MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Bangalore
Hi Zandopa also contains contents similar to Syndopa. So be careful. Increase Ropark to three times a day and see Continue Syndopa and rasagiline. Regards
1 person found this helpful

My dad is 75 years old. Since last october, he is suffering from mental health issues. He started to get angry on frivolous matters, talking much on unnecessary things, imagine non-existent things (like someone has stolen his dress), etc. We therefore consulted a physiatrist for medical help. Initially, since there was not much improvement in my dad’s condition the doctor increased the dosage. But when my dad became too silent, the doctor started decreasing the dosage. As the medication continued for next 5 months, my dad started behaving in reverse order (talking very less, always sleeping, lost appetite for eating, walking very slowly, getting irritated with sounds). As his condition was same even after reducing the dosage 2-3 times, we consulted another physiatrist who was highly recommended by people know to us. However, things got worse and in the first day of medication itself my dad’s health worsened. He was not able to stand / walk properly and was completely drowsy. For the next few days, the doctor changed the medication several times. Currently, he has stopped medicines for mental health issues and has prescribed medicines for improving his physical health. However, my dad hasn’t recuperated properly and still not able to walk around freely, sometimes loosing balance when standing, sitting, climbing up steps and getting down from steps, seems lost in his thoughts and don’t communicate much with us. He also has difficulty in wearing his shirts (especially, putting buttons on). He also gets confused while choosing places to sit and ends up sitting on the edge / corners of the chair and sofa. He has also lost his appetite for eating. To sum up, before we started this medication, he was able to do his daily chores all by himself without our support. But now he is completely dependent on us. We are lost for reasons for this change of behavior and physical condition of my dad. Kindly let us know, if we are doing proper medication and any suggestion you have on treatment. Following are his present medications: •syndopa 275 (4 times a day every 4 hours) •selgin 5 mg (2 times a day) •syndopa cr (1 time in night) •complete td (1 time in night) •betonin syrup (5 ml for three times) he is also taking his regular medicine for blood pressure (arkamin 100 mg and amladoc 5 mg one time each) we are also worried about him taking excessive medicines at this old age. Please help us with your valuable guidance.

Pain Medicine Externship, Fellowship In Addiction Psychiatry & Addiction Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Panchkula
Hello sanjeeva I hear your concerns in this regard. I think you need to speak with your doctor or setup an online consult so that the medication regime can be streamlined after taking into account detailed medical history and past reports.

Hi doctors, my mother in law is falling down several times backwards every day without her knowledge. We have consulted the doctor and conclude as parkinson disease. How can we stop falling down. We can't able to manage her. Need best advise please help.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. Your neurologist is the best person for the answer.I suggest telephonic counseling and online psychotherapy for you. You can contact me for further advice and treatmen...

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