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Alzheimer's Disease Tips

How To Prevent Alzheimer's Disease?

Dr. Deepak Kumar 86% (28 ratings)
M. Ch (Neuro Surgery), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
How To Prevent Alzheimer's Disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological, irreversible, progressive brain disorder. It is a chronic neurodegenerative dementia that causes the death of brain cells, causing memory loss and cognitive decline. It affects a person’s thinking and behavior. The symptoms develop slowly and get worse as time passes.

Causes:
As it is a kind of dementia, Alzheimer’s is caused by the death of brain cells. Over a course of time, brain cells die progressively and at the end, the tissue is left with fewer nerve cells and connections. As a result, the total brain size shrinks. Tiny inclusions called plaques and tangles can be seen in the postmortem. These cannot be seen or tested in a living Alzheimer’s affected brain. These plaques are given the name “amyloid plaques” because they are found among the dying cells of the brain when a protein called beta-amyloid builds. The tangles stay in the neurons; they are formed from a protein called tau.

There are several reasons behind all this, some of which are listed below-

  1. Anti-anxiety medications
  2. Hitting on the head too many times
  3. Regularly sleep-deprived
  4. Loneliness
  5. Diabetes in the brain
  6. Old age
  7. Genetic line
  8. Down’s syndrome
  9. Cardiovascular diseases

Symptoms:
Alzheimer’s disease damages the brain, so the clinical signs and symptoms begin to show very early. The symptoms are-

  1. Memory loss
  2. Agitation and mood swings
  3. Poor judgment
  4. The trouble with money calculations
  5. Difficulty doing familiar tasks
  6. Trouble in planning or solving a problem
  7. Confusion with time and place
  8. Difficulty in communicating
  9. Loss of motivation
  10. Inappropriate behavior
  11. Aggressive personality
  12. Childlike behavior

Preventing Alzheimer’s disease:
Alzheimer’s disease ultimately results in death. Even if there are treatments, they cannot fully cure it. So it’s better to try to prevent it before it happens. Ways to prevent Alzheimer’s disease are-

  1. Eating more fruits and vegetables.
  2. Eating berries every day.
  3. Increasing omega-3 fatty acids.
  4. Taking folic acid supplements.
  5. Drinking grape juice or red wine with evening meal.
  6. Doing the Mediterranean style diet.
  7. Controlling the blood pressure.
  8. Having strong social support.

Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease:

  1. Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease is a long time process.
  2. First of all, doctors perform a physical exam to check the overall neurological health. By this, they check muscle strength, reflexes, walking ability, sense of sight and hearing, coordination and balance.
  3. Then comes the blood test to find the cause of confusion and memory loss by checking the thyroid disorder and vitamin deficiency.
  4. Then they perform the neuropsychological test and check the mental status.
  5. Then there are other tests, like MRI, CT, and PET.
  6. After all this, drugs are given and a safe and supportive environment is created with proper exercise and nutrition.

Alzheimer’s disease is undoubtedly the worst kind of disease. Hence, it is highly recommended to contact a doctor as soon as any symptom is noticed.

5 Ways Physiotherapy Helps In Dementia!

Dr. K.K. Kant 87% (10 ratings)
MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Delhi
5 Ways Physiotherapy Helps In Dementia!

Dementia is a general classification of a brain disease that causes a long haul and frequently steady abatement in the capacity to think and recall that is sufficiently incredible to influence a man's everyday  functioning. Other normal manifestations incorporate passionate issues, issues with dialect, and a lessening in motivation. An individual's awareness is not influenced. The most common example of dementia is the Alzheimer's disease.

PHYSIOTHERAPY FOR DEMENTIA:

A patient with dementia can benefit from physiotherapy regardless of the possibility that the patient can't perceive their own family. Physiotherapy, notwithstanding, can be of good advantage to the individual who has dementia, and also their family and parental figures at different stages. The principle explanation behind this is that recovery administrations can help the dementia patient to be as utilitarian as would be prudent for whatever length of time that is conceivable.

Here are 5 ways physiotherapy benefits an Alzheimer's patient:

1. Physiotherapy can keep up the Alzheimer's patient's freedom and mobility as much as one could expect reasonably. A physiotherapist can outline a home activity program and work intimately with relatives to administer to the Alzheimer's patient.

2. Physiotherapists, as independent experts, embrace much detailed, separately custom-made 
appraisals of the disorders, action confinements and restrictions imposed upon individuals with dementia.

3. The caretakers of individuals with dementia regularly show weakness when contrasted with their same aged companions. Physiotherapy helps with diminishing the weight of consideration by instructing caregivers to provide encouragement and upliftment to individuals with dementia.

4. Patients with dementia are always at a risk of falling down, and hurting themselves. Poor balance accounts for the danger of falls. This can be worked upon and improved by physiotherapy-driven exercises. Exercise can have a huge and positive effect on behavioral and mental indications of dementia, enhancing psychological capacity and mindset, which can decrease the doses of strong medicines. Special exercise routines are assigned to the patients which help improve their body balance while walking.    

5. Physiotherapy has crucial influence in advancing and keeping up portability of individuals with dementia. It assumes a basic part in the end of life consideration by overseeing situations, seating and complicated muscle contracture. Individuals with dementia regularly experience issues in communicating pain. Pain influences cognizance, inspiration and reaction to any intervention. Physiotherapists are specialists in recognizing and treating pain in dementia patients and give training to care home staff and caregivers of the patients.

Physiotherapy is very important for dementia patients. Regular physiotherapy sessions are beneficial for patients for improvement in condition.

4323 people found this helpful

4 Causes Of Memory Disorders And Its Treatment!

Dr. Kunal Bahrani 89% (13 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Faridabad
4 Causes Of Memory Disorders And Its Treatment!

Some people suffer from difficulty in remembering things, and this may be attributed to Alzheimer’s disease even though it is not the only cause of memory disorders. If you are recently having troubles in remembering, then it is high time that you should consult with an expert.

Common causes of memory disorders
You will be surprised to know about the various causes of memory loss and here are some of them include:

  1. Sleep apneaThis is a common yet easily treatable sleep issue which is often linked with dementia and memory loss. You may have sleep apnea if you find yourself waking up with a terrific headache along with fatigue that lingers all through the day. The injury caused by sleep apnea may lead to permanent damage to the brain cells.
  2. Certain medications: Memory loss may be a sign that the medicines you are taking need to be adjusted. Drugs including sleeping pills, anti-anxiety medicines, painkillers, antihistamines, and diabetes medicine may take a toll on the functionality of your brain. Many studies have suggested that cholesterol and diabetes lowering drugs contain a chemical which gives way to reversible cognitive side effects.
  3. Silent strokeWhen you feel that there is an unexplained inability to think or to move in a normal way, then it could come from a silent stroke. Mild memory issues may also stem from silent strokes affecting smaller blood vessels. These alterations in brain functionality may range from mild to severe and are termed as vascular cognitive impairment.
  4. Nutritional deficiency: When you substantially lack in Vitamin B12, your normal brain function will be hampered. This may lead to confusion as well as dementia. Every day, you must get 2.4 micrograms of B12 in the diet from fish, meat and dairy products.

Treatment of memory problems
The treatment of memory problems is entirely dependent on the cause. In some instances, the disorder is reversible with the help of proper treatment. For example, when the memory loss is caused by some medicines, it can be cured by altering the course of medications. Treating depression may also be helpful for memory problems when depression is the causing factor.

There are many medicines available for the treatment of memory problems. With the progress of memory problems, the cells of the brain start dying, and it causes the cognitive symptoms to worsen. Even though the medications that are available at present may not be helpful in stopping the damage to the brain cells, they can be helpful in stabilizing the symptoms by influencing the chemicals involved in carrying messages among the nerve cells in the brain. Sometimes, doctors prescribe both the types of medicines together to speed up the recovery process hindering further damage.

2999 people found this helpful

Role Of Physiotherapy In Geriatric!

MPT - Neurological Rehabilitation, MPT-cardio pulmonary conditions, JMMT
Physiotherapist, Srinagar
Role Of Physiotherapy In Geriatric!

Geriatric physiotherapy covers a wide area of problems concerning the elderly. There are many conditions that affect people as they grow older and include but are not limited to the following: arthritis, osteoporosis, cancer, alzheimer's disease, hip and joint replacement, balance disorders, incontinence, etc. Physiotherapists play a key role in enabling older people to use a number of the body's systems fully to enhance mobility and independence. Sadly, in some situations, neither improvements nor even maintenance of functional mobility can't be achieved. In those particular cases, physiotherapists can make a difference by helping older people to be comfortable and pain-free.

Geriatric physiotherapy became a specialty of physical therapy study in 1989. Since then, physiotherapists have worked to understand the problems of the aging. The types of problems faced in geriatric physiotherapy are grouped into three different categories. One category is the problems that happen because the patient simply does not use their limbs or does not exercise. These problems can be addressed by reconditioning through range-of-motion exercises and other exercises.

Another category deals with is cardiovascular disease, respiratory conditions and stroke. The physiotherapy professional has an array of tools at its disposal to work with these conditions. Exercise therapy, electro therapy, and more can be used.

The third category is skeletal problems. Geriatric physiotherapy helps people who have these disorders, such as osteoporosis which makes patients frailer, and osteoarthritis very painful these problems require special attention. Along with that, geriatric physiotherapy is responsible for preventing many falls because of work with balance and gait. Some clinics focus entirely on balance issues for the elderly.

Geriatric physical therapy is a proven means for older adults to improve mobility and balance, build strength, boost confidence in their physical abilities, and nonetheless, remain active over years. However, some of the work of geriatric physiotherapy is not aimed at returning patients to their earlier states of health. The most important goals are to be able to function at their best abilities. Doing everyday tasks and living an unconfined life are valuable assets.

Another role of geriatric physiotherapy is to help with rehabilitation after knee or hip replacement surgeries. People who have these operations are likely to walk differently. It affects their abilities to do daily chores and their quality of life.

Some people turn to physiotherapy as a form of treatment after an accident, or in relation to other conditions. Others are referred to physiotherapy clinics by their doctors for specific problems. Still, others end up in geriatric physiotherapy care in hospitals or nursing homes after accidents or illnesses. All of these people get great benefits, contributing to their physical abilities and helping to maintain their independence for longer periods of time.

With increased age, patients often face many physical and emotional changes that can affect the level of function and well-being. Rehabilitation maintains functional independence among the elderly. Rehabilitation of geriatric patients is imperative for the patients' well-being and for society. Depression is common in the older population if a functional loss of mobility and an inability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) predominates. Cognitive impairment, such as delirium and dementia, can affect the patient's rehabilitation goals and outcomes.
Muscle strengthening activities and exercise to enhance balance and prevent falls should also be done two to three times a week. Based on the scientific evidence available, these recommendations are thought to improve cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, bone and functional health, and to reduce the risk of noncommunicable diseases, depression and cognitive decline.

The nature and quantity of exercises seem to differ depending on the principal outcome measure, walking three times a week for at least six to twelve months can lead to great benefits in executive functions performance and structural and functional brain improvements.
According to many researchers, aerobic exercise, at least at a moderate intensity level, is necessary (often sufficient) to obtain gains in cognitive and cerebral health, but others argue that resistance training at least two times a week can promote cognitive and functional brain plasticity in older adults. One-year moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program three days/week significantly improved spatial memory in adults aged 55-80 years. 

Everyone knows that exercise is good for health but does not practice at the recommended level for health.

The ultimate aims of geriatric rehabilitation are the same as in any other field of medicine- the restoration of independence and the maximum possible restoration of physical and mental functions. I think the most important step is to get the patient out of bed at the earliest possible moment the illness permits; bed is a dangerous instrument and has more side-effects than the most potent medicines yet it is still prescribed and used casually, and in the case of the older patient is that much more dangerous" rest in bed is anatomical, physically and psychologically unsound. Look at the patient lying in bed, what a pathetic picture he makes, the blood clotting in his veins, the lime draining from his bones, the scybalous blocking his colon, the flesh rotting from his seat, the urine leaking from his distended bladder, and the spirit evaporating from his soul" most people who have not experienced working in geriatrics think it must be boring but it is not; they think there is no future in it, but there is, for it is so rewarding and a great challenge to send an old person back to his or her place in society. Physiotherapy for geriatric patients is much the same as physiotherapy for any other patient, only it is taken at a slower tempo and it requires constant repetition. After the older patient has been acutely ill he may suffer from confusion, brain damage, or anemia resulting in disorientation and lack of comprehension, lack of confidence, fear of falling or walking or lack of energy. His hemoglobin level may be low, and the drugs which cured his acute illness may have side-effects such as diarrhea or dizziness. The lack of the will to live is probably the most difficult to overcome.

We can't stop time. Or can we? the right type and amount of physical activity can help stave off many age-related health problems. Physiotherapists, who are movement experts, prescribe physical activity that can help you overcome pain, gain and maintain movement, and preserve your independence often helping you avoid the need for surgery or long-term use of prescription drugs.

Things I as a physiotherapist want you to know:

  • chronic pain doesn't have to be the boss of you.
  • you can get stronger when you're older.
  • you may not need surgery or drugs for low back pain.
  • you can lower your risk of diabetes with exercise. 
  • exercise can help you avoid falls and keep your independence
  • your bones want you to exercise.
  • your heart wants you to exercise.
  • your brain wants you to exercise. 
  • you don't" just have to live with" bladder leakage.
  •  
1 person found this helpful

Alzheimer's Disease & Depression - How They Are Related?

Dr. Namit Gupta 86% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Alzheimer's Disease & Depression - How They Are Related?

Depression is possibly regarded as the first sign of Alzheimer’s disease. According to a research, the connection between Alzheimer’s disease and depression is very interesting. It has been found that the life of people who are suffering from dementia is affected in 2 different ways. Individuals who have suffered from depression in their lives are at a greater risk of developing dementia. It has also been observed that people suffering from dementia also have depression. The health condition should be treated immediately because if it is ignored it can damage the quality of life and result in worst conditions like memory loss. Temperament, as well as behavioral changes, may precede memory problems in people with the disease.

Risk factor of dementia
The significant risk factor for dementia or common form of Alzheimer’s is developing depression at a younger age. The other reasons for the link are not very clear, however, it has been speculated that the inflammation that occurs in depression is a contributing factor to the Alzheimer’s disease. The risk of dementia also increases with certain proteins which spiral with depression. The common signs of Alzheimer’s disease include lack of appetite, sadness, agitation, weight loss, and anxiety. People suffering from this condition are unable to tell if they are depressed, but their actions help in communicating a message. It is always better to seek the assistance of a physician as doctors can make use of tools to assess the neurological disorder.

Best way to treat patients with Alzheimer’s
The best way to treat patients suffering from dementia and who are depressed is to engage them in activities. It is important that they step out and do some exercises. They should go out in the sunshine. It is necessary to engage them in activities and conversations and help them to lead a higher quality of life. Some of the symptoms of dementia and depression are alike but not all of them. The major symptoms of depression include feeling tired most of the times, feeling restless, irritable, feeling worthless/guilty, unplanned weight gain and trouble in focusing. These symptoms often occur for more than 2 weeks or longer.

Difficulties caused by Alzheimer’s disease
In the case of Alzheimer’s disease, it becomes very difficult for the individual to communicate, learn or remember mainly because the damage is caused to the brain. Due to the brain damage, there is a possibility of changes in the personality and moods of individuals suffering from this health condition. The quality of life is affected by depression as well as Alzheimer’s disease. Hence, it is always better to treat the condition immediately. For that reason, it is very important to set up a pleasant environment around and help patients suffering from this condition by helping them do enjoyable tasks and make them feel positive about life.

1 person found this helpful

Kader Khan's Health Worsens - All You Should Know About PSP!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Kader Khan's Health Worsens - All You Should Know About PSP!

In a saddening development, the health of renowned Bollywood actor Kader Khan has deteriorated further and he has been put on BiPAP ventilator at a hospital in Canada. He was recently diagnosed with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP), a rare disease of the nervous system.

PSP affects your vision and your ability to think clearly. Your vision is affected because your eye movement becomes restricted; your movements become uncontrolled and clumsy. This disease is dangerous, with the ultimate potential to turn lethal.

Although, not much is known about the disease, learning more about the causes, symptoms and treatment of the same can help you get a clear idea of PSP.

Causes: Why would you develop PSP?

The clear causes of this disease are yet unknown. However, a genetic system of transmission has not been proven yet. In the brains of people having this disease, a protein called tau exists in abnormally large quantities. The symptoms of the condition have similarity with those of Alzheimer's. However, the link between the two is yet to be investigated.

Symptoms: When to understand you have PSP?

Following are the signs-

  • Difficulty moving
  • Loss of balance
  • You may fall, and be rendered unable to walk alone
  • You may have trouble opening your eyes, or swallowing
  • You may become increasingly sensitive to the light
  • You may lose interest in your once-favourite pastimes
  • You may have strange reactions to stimuli, like laughing and crying without reason

Treatment: What to do to manage the symptoms?

No known cure for this condition is there, and therefore, you have to try to control the symptoms so your lifestyle is not impaired. There are several ways to go about the process. They are -

Using medicines for Parkinson’s disease - This may provide a temporary solution, lasting 2-3 years, for some patients. These medicines increase the quantity of brain dopamine, which in turn facilitates better decision-making and movement.

Using customized spectacles - Bi-focal or prism glass lenses help PSP patients see better, and recover some of the eye functions they lost due to the disease.

Using movement therapy - These techniques, centring on your daily lifestyle at home or in the workplace, help you deal with the condition better. You can also learn techniques for smoother swallowing, as swallowing becomes more difficult as your disease progresses.

Using a BiPAP ventilator - Bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) ventilators are a common and effective way to manage the symptoms of the disease. It is one of the most common variants of non-invasive ventilation techniques. Non-invasive ventilation refers to the type of ventilation that does not take the help of an external, potentially harmful to the internal organs (invasive) breathing pathway. It is heavily used for patients with severe respiratory failure.

PSP is a disease that can have complications that are difficult to manage. While the condition cannot be cured completely, you can manage the symptoms with prompt recognition and immediate treatment. Keep an eye on the symptoms mentioned above, and decide on a method of treatment beforehand!

2937 people found this helpful

Alzheimer - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatments!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Alzheimer - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatments!

Alzheimer: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatments
A damaging brain disease of unknown cause it is one of the common parts of dementia that usually initiate in the old age. It is one of the damaging diseases that can cause progressive memory loss, impaired thinking and changes in the personality as well.  Alzheimer is one of the dangerous things that is marked by histologically especially in the development of the brain. Most of the disease has a cure, but Alzheimer doesn’t have any cure till the death. Symptoms in the body occur slowly and after some time become worse. And it becomes extremely dangerous to interfere with the daily routine tasks. Alzheimer is one of the common diseases that are severe enough to create complications in the daily basis tasks. It is one of the most common reasons for premature senility. Alzheimer is well known chronic disease that is known as neurodegenerative and usually starts slowly to create their worse effect in the body and brain as well.

When people have dementia, then they have most of the chances to face Alzheimer as well. Having such disease will directly create an effect on the mind that brings difficulties to remember the recent occurred event. As the disease advances, it creates many other complications such as language, irritation and mood swings as well. Whenever a person faces such problems in the worse condition then frequently withdraw from family and society as well. However, after some year you will lose the connections with a body that ultimately cause the death. After having a disease, a particular person will able to live for three to nine years only. One of the worst reasons is that every person usually involved in this disease after the age of sixty. Most of the risk comes from genetics, and other involved some gees. There are no medicine and supplement available that can decrease the risk of death.

Causes of Alzheimer
Like all sorts of dementia, Alzheimer's is induced by brain cell fatality. It is a neurodegenerative disease; this means there is intensifying brain cell fatality that occurs over time. A person with Alzheimer's, the muscle has fewer and fewer nerve skin cells and connections. Autopsies show that the nerve cells in the mind of your person with Alzheimer's have small debris, known as plaques and tangles, that build-up on the cells. The plaques are located between your dying brain skin cells, and they're created from a necessary protein known as beta-amyloidal. The tangles take place within the nerve skin cells, and they're created from other health proteins, called tau. Experts do not grasp why these changes appear. A number of different factors are thought to be involved. The Alzheimer's Connection has produced a quest of 16 slides that visualize what goes on along the way of expanding Alzheimer's disease. You may get access to it here.

Risk Factors Related to Alzheimer:
There are many risk factors included with such fatal disease that you need to consider.

  • Ageing
  • A family record of Alzheimer's
  • Taking certain genes
     

Prevention of Alzheimer:
Modifiable factors that might help prevent Alzheimer's include:

  • Getting regular physical exercise    
  • Maintaining a wholesome cardiovascular system
  • Managing the chance of coronary disease, diabetes, weight problems, smoking, and high blood circulation pressure
  • Following a diverse and healthy diet
  • Participating in long-term learning and cognitive training
  • Some studies claim that staying emotionally and socially involved may possibly slow up the threat of Alzheimer's.
  • Factors that improve the risk include:
  • Considering severe or repeated distressing brain accidental injuries (TBI) contact with some environmental pollutants, such as harmful metals, pesticide, and professional chemicals. To reduce the chance of TBI-related dementia, it's important always to wear a safeness belt when visiting by car, to have precautions when participating in contact sports, also to pursuing health instructions and rules to ensure sufficient break and restoration if a personal injury does occur. A moderate TBI seems to double the chance of experiencing dementia, while a severe TBI raises it 4.5 times.

Symptoms of Alzheimer:
There are a few symptoms which constantly recur when Alzheimer strikes a person. These symptoms include:

  • Initially, increasing forgetfulness or light confusion will be the only symptoms of Alzheimer's disease that you see. But as time passes, the condition robs you of more of your ram, especially recent thoughts. The rate at which symptoms get worse varies from individual to individual.
  • When you have Alzheimer's, you could be the first ever to observe that you're having uncommon difficulty keeping in mind things and managing your ideas. Or you might not exactly notice that anything is incorrect, even though changes are visible to your family participants, good friends or co-workers.
  • Brain changes associated with Alzheimer's disease business lead to growing trouble with:
  • Memory - Everyone has infrequent storage area lapses. It's normal to reduce an eye on where you put your secrets or your investment name of an acquaintance. However, the memory damage associated with Alzheimer's disease persists and worsens, inside your ability to operate at work with home.

People who have Alzheimer's may:

After getting the Alzheimer, you will have to face many different problems that are quite complicated

  • Repeat claims and questions, again and again, not knowing that they've asked the question before
  • Forget conversations, consultations or events, rather than keep in mind them later
  • Routinely misplace property, often adding them in illogical locations
  • Get lost in familiar places
  • Eventually your investment names of family and everyday objects
  • Have trouble discovering the right words to recognize items, express thoughts or be a part of conversations
  • If you are facing such complicated disease, then you should read the above key points.

Pondering and reasoning
Alzheimer's disease triggers difficulty focusing and considering, especially about abstract ideas like numbers. Multitasking is particularly difficult, and it can be challenging to control budget, balance checkbooks and settle payments promptly. These problems may improve to inability to identify and package with numbers.

Making judgments and decisions
Responding effectively to everyday problems, such as food burning up on the range or unexpected generating situations, becomes more and more challenging.

Planning and accomplishing familiar tasks
Once-routine activities that want sequential steps, such as planning and preparing food meals or playing a well-liked game, turn into a struggle as the condition progresses. Eventually, people who have advanced Alzheimer's may neglect how to execute basic jobs such as dressing and bathing.

Diagnosis of Alzheimer
Want to know how to remove such complicated disease from health then you should read the below available things. It is quite fatal diseases that haven't any kind of solution then be aware of from it. Want to know that how to resolve the issues of Alzheimer? Then you should read the article. To detect Alzheimer's dementia, doctors do tests to determine storage area impairment and other thinking skills, judge useful capabilities and identify patterns changes. In addition, they perform some tests to eliminate other possible factors behind impairment. To detect Alzheimer's dementia, doctors examine your signs or symptoms and carry out several tests. An accurate medical diagnosis of Alzheimer's dementia can be an important first rung on the ladder to make sure you have appropriate treatment, health care, family education and programs for future years.

Early signs or symptoms of Alzheimer's dementia
Early signs or symptoms of Alzheimer's dementia include:

  1. Recollection impairment, such as difficulty keeping in mind events
  2. Difficulty concentrating, planning or problem-solving
  3. Problems concluding daily responsibilities at home or at the job
  4. Distress with location or duration of time
  5. Having visible or space troubles, such as not understanding distance in generating, getting lost or misplacing items
  6. Vocabulary problems, such as word-finding problems or reduced vocabulary in conversation or writing
  7. Using poor view in decisions
  8. The drawback of work occasions or public engagements
  9. Changes in feeling, such as melancholy or other habit and personality changes
     

Differential Diagnosis of Alzheimer:
When indicators of Alzheimer's dementia appear, it is important that you will get a fast and accurate medical diagnosis. To analyze Alzheimer's dementia, most of your doctor, a health care provider been trained in the brain conditions (neurologist) or a health care provider trained to take care of older men and women (geriatrician) will review your health background, medication history as well as your symptoms. Your physician will also perform several tests.

 

Treatment of Alzheimer
During your visit, your physician will examine:

  • Whether you have impaired recollection or pondering (cognitive) skills
  • Whether you show changes in the personality or behaviours
  • The amount of your storage or pondering impairment or changes
  • How your pondering problems have an effect on your ability to operate in lifestyle
  • The reason for your symptoms
  • Doctors may order additional lab tests, brain-imaging exams or send you for recollection testing. These testing provide doctors with useful information for prognosis, including ruling out other conditions that cause comparable symptoms.

Ruling out other conditions
Doctors will execute a physical analysis and be sure you do not have other health issues that might be creating or adding to your symptoms, such as indicators of previous strokes, Parkinson's disease, despair or other medical ailments.

Assessing ram problems and other symptoms
To examine your symptoms, your physician may request you to answer questions or perform jobs associated with your cognitive skills, such as your ram, abstract thinking, problem-solving, vocabulary use, and related skills.

Mental status assessment
Your physician may carry out mental status checks to check your thinking (cognitive) and ram skills. Doctors use the ratings on these assessments to judge your amount of cognitive impairment.

Neuropsychological tests
You might be evaluated by an expert been trained in brain conditions and mental health issues (neuropsychologist). The analysis can include comprehensive tests to judge your storage area and pondering (cognitive) skills.

These checks help doctors see whether you have dementia, and when you can safely carry out daily responsibilities such as generating and managing finances. They provide the maximum amount of home elevators what you can still do as well as what you might have lost. These assessments can also examine if depressive disorder may be creating your symptoms.

Myths Related to Alzheimer
Alzheimer's dementia results from the intensifying reduction (degeneration) of brain skin cells. This degeneration may arrive in many ways in brain scans. However, these scans aren't enough to produce a medical diagnosis. Scans aren't used to detect the condition since there is overlap in what doctors consider a normal age-related change in the mind and unusual change.

Myth #1: Future of diagnosis
Researchers will work on new diagnostic tools which may permit doctors to analyze Alzheimer's dementia previously throughout the condition, when symptoms are incredibly minor or before symptoms even show up. One particular tool is a Dog or cat check out that can find tau, the other hallmark irregular health proteins in Alzheimer's dementia.

Myth #2: The benefit of an early on diagnosis
It's true that if you have Alzheimer's dementia or a related disease, doctors can't give you a get rid of. But getting early on identification can be beneficial. Knowing your skill is merely as important as knowing what you can't do. If one has the other treatable condition that's triggering the cognitive impairment or in some way complicating impairment, doctors may choose to immediately start the treatment.

Also, doctors can educate you on as well as your caregivers about ways of improving your living environment, set up regimens, plan activities and manage changes in skills to reduce the result of the condition on your day-to-day life.

Importantly, an early on diagnosis also can help you, your loved ones and caregivers arrange for the future. You should have the opportunity to make up to date decisions on lots of issues, such as:

  • Appropriate community services and resources
  • Options for domestic and at-home care
  • Plans for controlling financial issues
  • Objectives for future care and attention and medical decisions
  • Whenever a doctor lets you know and your family about an Alzheimer's examination, doctor consultation can help you in understanding the Alzheimer's dementia, answers question and make clear what things to expect. Doctors will make clear what capacities are conserved and the way to limit future disabilities, and appearance to keep you as healthy and safe as is feasible with minimal disruption in your daily.
3 people found this helpful

All About Vitamin D3 Deficiency!

Dr. Suman Nigam 89% (13 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
All About Vitamin D3 Deficiency!

Vitamins are extremely important for proper functioning of various body systems. Vitamin D3 plays a very crucial role in proper functioning of bones and joints. Deficiency of this vitamin is quite common but can be identified and managed easily.  Read on to know more about its functions, causes of deficiency, symptoms, and management.

Function: Vitamin D3 is essential for the absorption of calcium from the food that is consumed. A decrease in the amount of vitamin D3 leads to poor calcium absorption, resulting in thin, soft, brittle bones.

Causes: Some of the possible causes of vitamin D3 deficiency (and ways to manage them) are listed below:

  1. Reduced intake: People with a strict vegan diet may be consuming reduced amounts of this important chemical. Most natural food sources are animal based including fish, fish oils, fortified milk, egg yolks and beef liver.

  2. Limited sun exposure: People who spend a lot of time indoors are likely to have this deficiency. People who wear sunscreen constantly, wear long robes for religious reasons, live in the polar areas, upper/lower hemispheres are all prone to vitamin D3 deficiency.

  3. Darker complexion: The body’s ability to make vitamin D3 when exposed to the sun is reduced if there is more melanin in the skin.

  4. Obesity: Vitamin D is extracted from the blood by fat cells and people with BMI of more than 30 have a vitamin deficiency.

Symptoms:  While some people may go completely asymptomatic with this condition, others could develop significant symptoms.

  1. Bone pain and aches: When there is less calcium getting incorporated into the bones, pains and aches leading to fatigue are common.

  2. Depression: The areas of the brain that regulate mood contain vitamin D receptors, and low levels of this vitamin can lead to depression. They are also at higher risk of developing cognitive conditions like schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s and dementia.

  3. Gut problems: Vitamin D is fat soluble and in people with stomach conditions like Crohn’s or IBD, the gut functioning is altered and so vitamin D absorption is reduced.

  4. Increased risk of heart disease:  Both the risk of developing heart disease and the severity of the disease went up considerably when there is vitamin D deficiency. This is given their role in controlling inflammation and improving immune function.

  5. Lesser chances of surviving cancer:  In patients with colorectal cancer, lymphoma, and breast cancer, increasing vitamin D levels improved cancer prognosis by 4%. The chances of developing prostate cancer are also increased in patients with vitamin D3 deficiency.

Management: Providing the required amounts of vitamin D3 through diet and supplements is the best way to manage this.  Check with your doctor to know the optimal levels and plan for replacement accordingly.

6531 people found this helpful

Dementia - 5 Effective Ways Physiotherapy Can Help You Out!

M.P.T, Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Bangalore
Dementia - 5 Effective Ways Physiotherapy Can Help You Out!

Dementia is a general classification of a brain disease that causes a long haul and frequently steady abatement in the capacity to think and recall that is sufficiently incredible to influence a man's everyday  functioning. Other normal manifestations incorporate passionate issues, issues with dialect, and a lessening in motivation. An individual's awareness is not influenced. The most common example of dementia is the Alzheimer's disease.

Physiotherapy for Dementia:
A patient with dementia can benefit from physiotherapy regardless of the possibility that the patient can't perceive their own family. Physiotherapy, notwithstanding, can be of good advantage to the individual who has dementia and also their family and parental figures at different stages. The principle explanation behind this is that recovery administrations can help the dementia patient to be as utilitarian as would be prudent for whatever length of time that is conceivable. Here are 5 ways physiotherapy benefits an Alzheimer's patient:

  1. Physiotherapy can keep up the Alzheimer's patient's freedom and mobility as much as one could expect reasonably. A physiotherapist can outline a home activity program and work intimately with relatives to administer to the Alzheimer's patient.
  2. Physiotherapists, as independent experts, embrace much detailed, separately custom-made appraisals of the disorders, action confinements and restrictions imposed upon individuals with dementia.
  3. The caretakers of individuals with dementia regularly show weakness when contrasted with their same aged companions. Physiotherapy helps with diminishing the weight of consideration by instructing caregivers to provide encouragement and upliftment to individuals with dementia.
  4. Patients with dementia are always at a risk of falling down and hurting themselves. Poor balance accounts for the danger of falls. This can be worked upon and improved by physiotherapy driven exercises. Exercise can have a huge and positive effect on behavioral and mental indications of dementia, enhancing psychological capacity and mindset, which can decrease the doses of strong medicines. Special exercise routines are assigned to the patients which help improve their body balance while walking.    
  5. Physiotherapy has crucial influence in advancing and keeping up portability of individuals with dementia. It assumes a basic part in the end of life consideration by overseeing situations, seating and complicated muscle contracture. Individuals with dementia regularly experience issues in communicating pain. Pain influences cognizance, inspiration and reaction to any intervention. Physiotherapists are specialists in recognizing and treating pain in dementia patients and give training to care home staff and caregivers of the patients.

Physiotherapy is very important for dementia patients. Regular physiotherapy sessions are beneficial for patients for improvement in condition.

2091 people found this helpful

Alzheimer's Disease - All You Need To Know About It!

Dr. Sitla Prasad Pathak 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD-General Medicine, DNB-Neurology
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
Alzheimer's Disease - All You Need To Know About It!

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological, irreversible, progressive brain disorder. It is a chronic neurodegenerative dementia that causes the death of brain cells, causing memory loss and cognitive decline. It affects a person’s thinking and behavior. The symptoms develop slowly and get worse as time passes.

Causes:
As it is a kind of dementia, Alzheimer’s is caused by the death of brain cells. Over a course of time, brain cells die progressively and at the end, the tissue is left with fewer nerve cells and connections. As a result, the total brain size shrinks. Tiny inclusions called plaques and tangles can be seen in the postmortem. These cannot be seen or tested in a living Alzheimer’s affected brain. These plaques are given the name “amyloid plaques” because they are found among the dying cells of the brain when a protein called beta-amyloid builds. The tangles stay in the neurons; they are formed from a protein called tau.

There are several reasons behind all this, some of which are listed below-

  1. Anti-anxiety medications
  2. Hitting on the head too many times
  3. Regularly sleep-deprived
  4. Loneliness
  5. Diabetes in the brain
  6. Old age
  7. Genetic line
  8. Down’s syndrome
  9. Cardiovascular diseases

Symptoms:
Alzheimer’s disease damages the brain, so the clinical signs and symptoms begin to show very early. The symptoms are-

  1. Memory loss
  2. Agitation and mood swings
  3. Poor judgment
  4. The trouble with money calculations
  5. Difficulty doing familiar tasks
  6. Trouble in planning or solving a problem
  7. Confusion with time and place
  8. Difficulty in communicating
  9. Loss of motivation
  10. Inappropriate behavior
  11. Aggressive personality
  12. Childlike behavior

Preventing Alzheimer’s disease:
Alzheimer’s disease ultimately results in death. Even if there are treatments, they cannot fully cure it. So it’s better to try to prevent it before it happens. Ways to prevent Alzheimer’s disease are-

  1. Eating more fruits and vegetables.
  2. Eating berries every day.
  3. Increasing omega-3 fatty acids.
  4. Taking folic acid supplements.
  5. Drinking grape juice or red wine with evening meal.
  6. Doing the Mediterranean style diet.
  7. Controlling the blood pressure.
  8. Having strong social support.

Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease:

  1. Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease is a long time process.
  2. First of all, doctors perform a physical exam to check the overall neurological health. By this, they check muscle strength, reflexes, walking ability, sense of sight and hearing, coordination and balance.
  3. Then comes the blood test to find the cause of confusion and memory loss by checking the thyroid disorder and vitamin deficiency.
  4. Then they perform the neuropsychological test and check the mental status.
  5. Then there are other tests, like MRI, CT, and PET.
  6. After all this, drugs are given and a safe and supportive environment is created with proper exercise and nutrition.

Alzheimer’s disease is undoubtedly the worst kind of disease. Hence, it is highly recommended to contact a doctor as soon as any symptom is noticed.

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