Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Heart Disease: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Heart Disease?

Heart disease refers to any disorder of the heart. Heart disease includes blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease, heart rhythm problems such as arrhythmias and heart defects you're born with, among others.

Heart disease s may be caused by various factors ranging from an unhealthy diet plan to congenital heart defects. Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated by adopting some of the healthy lifestyle choices.

What are 4 types of heart diseases?

Heart is one of the body’s most important organs of the human body. Heart diseases are one of the leading cause of death all across the world. There are mainly four types of heart diseases which are most common around the world.

Coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease are caused by growing plaque in the walls of the coronary arteries which, subsequently, limits the blood flow to the heart’s muscle. It can ultimately become the reason of a heart attack.


Arrhythmias can cause the heart to beat too quickly, too slowly or irregularly, that may result in a broad range of heart disease symptoms.

Heart valve disease

Heart valve disease may occur when one or more of your four heart valves doesn't work properly. The causes of heart valve disease can cause stenosis, regurgitation and atresia.

Heart failure

Generally, in the Heart Failure, the heart’s pumping capacity is not adequate to meet the demands for blood and oxygen required by the rest of the body. This may result in situations which may lead to weakening of the heart muscle.

How long can you live with heart disease?

When it comes to heart disease, life expectancy rates vary in various diseases that come under the umbrella of Heart Disease. Life expectancy depends upon the condition of disease you're suffering through. For example in a congestive heart failure, a doctor will probably tell you that there is no one answer. While going by the recent advancements, 50% of patients will have an average life expectancy of five years. Case studies have shown that those with advanced heart failure, up to 90% will pass away within one year.

Can the heart repair itself?

As of now, there was a mistaken belief that the human heart doesn't have this capacity to heal itself. But some of the recent exciting research have shown that the heart does, indeed, have some ability to make new muscle and possibly repair itself. Though it can't fix the kind of damage caused by a heart attack as the rate of regeneration is so slow. Walking and several other physical exercise after a heart attack strengthens the remaining heart muscle.

How can I make my heart stronger?

A healthy lifestyle can improve heart function, making it strong and less susceptible to disease. Here goes a few tips to make your heart stronger to keep it healthy and efficient, dramatically improving your quality of life:

  1. Exercise regularly: In order to improve overall cardiovascular health, experts have suggested an at least 150 minutes per week of moderate exercise or 75 minutes per week of vigorous exercise or a combination of both.
  2. Maintain a healthy diet: Research have established that adopting a heart-healthy diet can actually strengthen your heart muscle. A heart-healthy diet includes a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, skinless poultry and fish and low-fat dairy products.
  3. Manage stress: Stress and anxiety can cause anything from high blood pressure to asthma to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

What foods are bad for your heart?

In order to keep your heart and cardiovascular system healthy, keep these meals and snack items away from your regular diet.

  1. Cookies and pastries
  2. Margarine
  3. Sugary cereals
  4. Candy
  5. Soft drinks and sugar-sweetened juices
  6. Meat-lovers pizza
  7. Diet soda
  8. Deep-fried foods
  9. Processed and cured meats
  10. Fast-food burgers

What is the best exercise for the heart?

Though, there are several exercises that a heart patient can do to keep his/her heart in healthy condition. Here goes some simple and common exercises that one can adopt in his daily routine.

  1. Circuit training: Circuit training is one of the best types of exercises that helps to increase your cardiovascular fitness. When you work out at a very high intensity the blood starts to pump a lot harder and that challenges the elasticity of the arterial wall.
  2. Swimming: Swimming is something which everyone would love to. It is one of the most enjoyable exercise one can adopt in his daily lifestyle especially after knowing that it helps in keeping heart in healthy condition.
  3. Running: Running intervals will surely push your cardiovascular fitness to the next level.
  4. Yoga: Yoga is an excellent way to strengthen your heart and tone your muscles.
  5. Cycling: Studies have found that regular cycling can, indeed, reduce your risk for coronary heart diseases.

Popular Health Tips

Congenital Heart Disease - Factors That Can Lead To It!

Cardiologist, Noida
Congenital Heart Disease - Factors That Can Lead To It!

Congenital Heart Disease refers to a problem in the structure of heart that is present at birth. It is one of the most common types of birth defect. The defects can arise at the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart and could also take place at the arteries and veins close to the heart. The disease causes great impact in changing the normal flow of blood through the heart.There are many different types of congenital heart defects, ranging from simple ones having no symptoms to complex defects, which are severe and life-threatening symptoms.


  • Congenital heart defect generally is detected in women at the time of ultrasound during pregnancy. In case the doctor comes across abnormal heartbeat, he may further investigate by conducting certain tests in the form of echocardiogram, chest X-ray or MRI scan.
  • This problem might be seen even in newborn babies, due to which they might experience:
    • Skin, fingers, lips and toes which are bluish in colour
    • Experience problem breathing
    • Low weight at the time of birth
    • Chest Pain

There might be other symptoms as well, which may not develop till many years after birth. The symptoms are:

  • Abnormal heart rate
  • Dizziness
  • Frequesnt dizziness
  • Swelling might be seen at certain parts of the body

Causes behind congenital heart disease

Developmental problem in the heart’s structure at an early stage is usually the reason behind congenital heart disease. This defect acts a hindrance to the normal flow of blood through the heart, thus affecting people’s breathing to some extent. Though there is no surety as to why there is a problem in the development of heart, some of the suspected causes are:

  • Any of the family members might be having heart problems.
  • Some prescribed drugs at the time of pregnancy tend to put a child at a higher risk for developing this problem of congenital heart disease.
  • Consumption of alcohol or if you take drugs which are not prescribed by doctor during pregnancy, can lead to an increase in the risk of a child getting diagnosed with a heart defect.
  • Women who have had viral infection during the first three months of pregnancy are more susceptible towards giving birth to children having heart defects.

How to treat congenital heart disease?

Like any other heart disease, treatment for congenital heart disease also depends on the type and extent of the defect.

  • There are certain medicines which allow the heart for function more efficiently, while others can be used to prevent blood clots from forming and also put a check on irregular heartbeat.
  • Implantable heart devices like implantable cardioverter defibrillators can prevent this particular defect by regularising an abnormal heart rate.
  • Catheter procedure followed by doctors where they insert a thin tube into a vein in the leg and move up to the heart, then use small tool by threading through the catheter to rectify the defect.
  • Some rare cases, when the heart disease is too complex to fix, doctor may form heart transplant surgery.
2563 people found this helpful

Alcohol and Heart Disease - All that you need to know!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Cardiac Device Specialist (CCDS - Physician )
Cardiologist, Delhi
Alcohol and Heart Disease - All that you need to know!

Harmful Effects of Alcohol on Heart-- 

  1. Excessive alcohol intake leads to increase in cholesterol and BP which are risk factors for heart attack or blockages. 
  2. Excessive alcohol intake leads to alcohol induced cardio-myopathy or weakening of heart muscle. 
  3. Excessive alcohol intake is also a risk factor for developing irregular heart rate called Atrial Fibrillation

Recommended daily alcohol intake value - 

Men - Upto 2 glasses/day 

Women - 1 glass/day (studies have shown that even small amount of alcohol intake in women is very harmful) A drink is one 12 oz. beer, 4 oz. of wine, 1.5 oz. of 80-proof spirits, or 1 oz. of 100-proof spirits. Binge drinking should be ABSOLUTELY avoided. 

Red wine - There is no clear cut data to prove that red wine has some cardioprotective properties. A few small studies have suggested so, but as of now there is no clear cut answer. 

Alcohol and Aspirin - If you are on aspirin and take alcohol then you have higher chances of developing gastric ulcers and erosions. Hence you should try to reduce drinking if you do. If you do not drink then there is no need for you to start drinking as drinking alcohol does not provide any major benefit.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2347 people found this helpful

Ischemic Heart Disease - Symptoms, Risk Factors and Diagnosis

MBBS, PG Diploma in Clinical Cardiology, Fellowship in Non invasive cardiology
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Ischemic Heart Disease - Symptoms, Risk Factors and Diagnosis

Ischemic heart disease is also known as ischemic cardiomyopathy in medical lingo. It generally results from weakened heart muscles due to previous conditions such as heart attack or other coronary diseases. The left ventricle of an IC patient tends to enlarge and gets dilated. As a result of this, the heart fails to pump an adequate amount of blood into the body resulting in a heart failure.

A doctor typically tries to find out the underlying cause of the condition and evaluate the extent of damage that has already happened. A combination of surgery, lifestyle changes, medication and other methods could be recommended to fix the condition.

Symptoms of Ischemic Heart Disease:

An early stage ischemic heart disease could not show any symptom at all. However, if the IC results from diseases related to the coronary artery, some of the common symptoms that are encountered include dizziness and fainting, unexplained weight gain, fatigue, congestion in the lungs, chest pain, swelling in the abdomen, sleeping problems, swelling of the feet and the leg, shortness of breath etc.

Risk Factor of Ischemic Heart Disease:

IC is typically caused by coronary artery diseases and heart attacks. Some of the other risk factors of this disease include diabetes, high cholesterol, long history of drug abuse, obesity, family history of cardiac diseases, amyloidosis, blood pressure, long history of smoking and bad lifestyle. Men are at increased risk of developing ischemic heart disease. Women above the age of 30 who is an active smoker and consume contraceptive pills are also at a high risk of developing ischemic cardiomyopathy.

How Is IC Diagnosed?

A cardiologist will perform a physical exam and conducts one or several tests to diagnose the condition. A blood work measuring the level of triglyceride and cholesterol is the first step towards it. This can be followed up by several imagery tests such as MRI and CT scan to examine the internal tissues. Some other tests that could be done by a cardiologist include ECG, angiography, EKG and radionuclide studies.

How Is The Condition Treated?

There is a step approach to treatment for ischemic heart disease. The first is lifestyle related. A healthy diet must be followed on a regular basis. Diet should be free from cholesterol, sodium and processed fat. Quitting smoking and drinking is a key lifestyle change that a person will have to undergo. In the medication front, a cardiologist might prescribe beta blockers, blockers of calcium channels, aldosterone inhibitor and blood thinners. The idea behind every medication is to ensure that the heart muscle works at the optimum level. If medication doesn’t work, a doctor might suggest procedures such as stent insertion, pacemaker implant, angioplasty and radiation therapy. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.

3196 people found this helpful

Rheumatic Fever in Kids - How It Impacts Your Child?

M.D(Pediatrics), MBBS
Pediatrician, Rewari
Rheumatic Fever in Kids - How It Impacts Your Child?

Rheumatic fever is a kind of autoimmune ailment that can occur as a result of group A streptococcal throat infection leading to inflammatory lesions in the connective tissues of the body. This disease specifically affects the joints, heart, blood vessels and various subcutaneous tissues located all over the body.

History of the effects of rheumatic fever:
The disease has been evaluated and depicted since the 1500s, though the connection between the rheumatic fever, and the throat infection was not found out until it was late 1880s. And the sore throat was also related to the rash, which is caused by streptococcal exotoxins, along with fever. Rheumatic fever was one of the leading causes of deaths in children as well as one of most common reasons behind the acquired heart diseases in adults before the invention and availability of penicillin.

Reasons behind the causes of rheumatic fever:
Even though adolescents and adults may be affected by the rheumatic fever, it mostly affects children aged between 5 to 15 years. It is a common disease in areas like South-Central Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and several parts of New Zealand and Australia. Group A streptococcus bacterium is the primary cause of this fever, and it also leads to scarlet fever in some people. It makes the body attack its own tissues once it has been attacked by the bacteria. This particular reaction leads to widespread inflammation throughout the body and forms the basis of all the common symptoms of the rheumatic fever.

You may have to take your child for the strep test if you notice any of the following symptoms:

  1. A sore throat and red rashes all across or in certain parts of the body.
  2. If your child has tender or swollen lymph nodes that are causing difficulty in swallowing.
  3. Tonsils that are filled with pus or red and swollen.

Harmful impacts of the rheumatic fever:

Developed mostly due to strep throat infection, it can affect the heart, skin, joints and nervous system of children. Though it may not affect all who have gone through a strep throat infection, it can lead to long-term diseases of the heart and its valves and is termed as a rheumatic heart disease. Since each attack of rheumatic fever may cause further damage to the heart, it is very crucial to make sure that your child doesn’t have one more attack of the fever, and it is therefore, important to have regular doses of penicillin injections and consult a specialist for receiving further advice on treatments and prevention.

2436 people found this helpful

Congenital Heart Disease - Signs Your Kid is Suffering from It!

MBBS, DM - Cardiology, MD
Cardiologist, Hyderabad
Congenital Heart Disease - Signs Your Kid is Suffering from It!

Most families refer to their newborn baby as their 'bundle of joy'. The news of a child being born brings immense joy to the entire family. However, due to various reasons, a child could be born with some medical abnormalities, which would be known as congenital abnormalities. There are several different types of heart defects that can be congenital. These usually manifest themselves either immediately after birth or in the early years of life. In some cases, the abnormality could be detected on prenatal ultrasounds. In others, it may not be and the family could be caught off guard about the condition. This causes a lot of stress, both for the child, who does not receive regular postnatal care and for the parents immediately after the delivery process.

If the baby has the following symptoms within the first few hours of life, there could be a serious underlying condition, which requires medical attention. The presence and severity of the symptoms would depend on the actual abnormality.

  1. The skin is pale gray or blue in color due to excessive venous flow in the system
  2. Excessive sweating
  3. The child is exerting to breathe regularly
  4. Rapid breathing causes added load on the heart accompanied by a grunting noise
  5. Flared nostrils i.e. the baby attempts to take in more oxygen with each breath causes flared nostrils
  6. Swollen legs, eyes, and abdomen: Fluid retention in the legs and abdomen is quite common, and this could be characteristic of newborns with congenital heart disease
  7. Shortness of breath, even during feeding
  8. Clubbed fingernails
  9. Lethargy and low energy, even with feeding, therefore very poor feeding pattern
  10. Chest pain, which may cause the newborn to cry incessantly
  11. Low weight gain, as they feed less

In some children, symptoms manifest only during the teenage years or early adulthood. These conditions are not very severe and the symptoms include:

  1. Swelling of the hands, feet, and ankles due to fluid accumulation
  2. Lowered energy levels, leading to easy fatigue
  3. Shortness of breath with even minimal physical activity
  4. Inability to exercise
  5. Developmental delays and changes in growth milestones
  6. Recurrent respiratory tract infections including sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia
  7. Endocarditis
  8. Pulmonary hypertension
  9. Heart failure, where the heart is not able to effectively function and pump blood to all parts of the body.

Some or more of these symptoms should trigger a warning to get the child tested for congenital heart disease. While some would just require a monitoring until severe symptoms develop, severe conditions like holes, abnormal valves, narrowed arteries, and blood vessel abnormalities might require immediate intervention. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.

3326 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello Sir, I'm regularly consulting cardiologist since 10 year but he in prescribing same med regularly i'm taking prolomet am25 rozat f. Lonazep. 0.25. So what can I do?

MD- General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Raipur
You can just gently inquire regarding need for lonazep 0.25 mg. Its a sedative if you don't have any sleep related or anxiety related issues like insomnia, then probably you don't need it. Other medicines like rozat f is for dyslipidemia, prolomet am 25 is for high blood pressure. These are commonly prescribed standard medicines, if you don't have any problems like side effects then you must continue taking them. Please don't forget lifestyle changes which I had advised you earlier.
4 people found this helpful

I am 34 years old. I have done angiogram on last year and there is no block in vessel. But my doctor gave me to eat nodan am 2.5 & tonact 10 mg. I am eating the both regularly in the past one year. My friends told me that if I take tablets regularly the kidney will be earlier. Please advice.

M.B.B.S, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
These drugs not related to angiogram finding. Both medicine for hypertension and cholesterol issue please check both and consult to Dr. for its requirement.
2 people found this helpful

My sister has a problem of heart pain whenever she gets depressed or she gets too happy or excited. Can I know the details on it?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Please don't be panic but be serious about the symptoms. Chest pain should not be discounted as simple. Do consult a physician and get ECG to know more Please provide more information so that we can start the diagnosis process and the treatment. I am here to help you in every aspect of your mental and physical health. Any sexual or psychological problems can be cured with the help of various methods and therapies. I suggest you to post your query with every detail here. I will help you in overcoming your problems certainly. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

My aunt has been diagnosed with Chronic circular Cystitis and apparently have a number of cardiac complications as her ECG reads "Abnormal ECG with abnormality in ST and T segments and possible anterolateral ischemia. I have her ECG, USG, HOLTER AND HOLRE P2 reports. If you could kindly advise on the preferred route of treatment and other useful clinical opinion, I would be more than obliged and grateful.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Genito Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ludhiana
She needs a cardiologist opinion for ecg changes. Regarding cystitis please get her urine culture and sensitivity done and start antibiotics according to the sensitivity report.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Heart Disease?

What are 4 types of heart diseases?

How long can you live with heart disease?

Can the heart repair itself?

How can I make my heart stronger?

What foods are bad for your heart?

What is the best exercise for the heart?

Play video
Heart Disease Prevention

I am Dr. Rajiv Agarwal. I am senior director of cardiology at the Max Smart Super Specialty Hospital in Saket New Delhi. I will be talking to you today about heart disease and its prevention. Koi shak nhi hai ki aaj ki tarik me hiredya rog no.1 killer gina jata hai. It is the most dreaded health problem today. It can strike people in the prime of life. Apparently healthy people can suddenly have a problem and har ek ko pta hai ki uske circle me kbhi na kbhi kisiko koi asmik aisa heart attack ho gya ya even nidhan ho gya, to islia har koi iske bare me chintit hai. To sawal ye uthta hai ki kya ye chiz hmari genes me hai. Agar hmari genes me hai to hum kuch kar nhi skte. Hum to kehte hain ki ye to hoga to hoga.

Dusra ye hai ki hmare bhagya me likha hua hai. Ye bhagwan ki den hai. It is an act of God. Lekin vaigyanik tathye ye kehte hain ki aaj ki date me 80% hirdya rog ko hum predict kar skte hain. Hum ankda lga skte hain ki hirdya rog hoga kin hi. Or sath sath simple tarikon se uchit Jeevan shaili se or simple treatment se hum hirdye rog ko rok bhi skte hain. Ye kewal me nhi kehta. Ye kayi anusandhan hue hain. Lot of investigation has been done. World health organization has a position statement on this saying that 80% of disorders like heart attack and stroke can be predicted and prevented by simple measures. So, this is something which is the duty of the medical community to communicate to the public at large. And it is but natural that public would follow if it is effectively communicated.

To hamara daitva hai ki hum apko btayen. Or aap apni jeewan shaili agar achi hai to usko or acha krne ki koshish kren or jo kamiyan hain usko dur kren. Abhi kuch ankade aye the ki hyadatar Hindustan me physical activity ka level bhut hi kam hai. To ye sari chizen hain jinpe humko goor krna hoga. To isko hum ek concept de skte hain jisko kehte hain life simple 7. Ye American Heart Association has started this moment. So, you need to answer 7 simple questions which do not require any special knowledge. And base on that you can predict you risk of heart disease and it tells you what to do to improve it. Not only heart attack but brain stroke, heart failure even cancer and depression are considered o be lifestyle related disorder. So, ye jo jeevan shaili se taluk rkhne vali jo bimariyan hain, non-communicable diseases, ye sari jo hain hum apni jeevan shaili k map dand se inko parkh k keh skte hain ki hum kis level par hain.

To isme sabse pehle point to apki physical activity ka aat hai. Are you physically active. If you are doing at least 15 mins of moderately vigorous activity everyday than you can give yourself 2 points. You are doing none than you can give yourself zero point. Next you can look at you diet. To aap healthy balance diet kha rhen hain ki nhi. Healthy balance diet ka mtlb bilkul fat free nhi hai. Isme apko sare food products lene hain. Khane me protein ki matra achi honi chaiye. Thoda bhut tel or ghee lekin dalda nhi. Sugar or nama ka sewan jhan tak ho apko kam krna hai. Quki ye apki risk ko badhate hain. Fruits, vegetables or nuts, ye sab apko lene hain. Fast food, samosa, kachori ye sab apko avoid krna hai. To aap healthy diet le rhen hain. Teesre apka vajan kaisa hai apki height k mutabik. Iske bhi kayi ankade hain. Isko hum body mass k index ke taur pe dekh skte hain. Apka blood pressure kaisa hai.

Ye to apko napna hi pdega. Apka blood sugar kaisa hai ye bhi napna pdega. Kayi logo ko pta bhi nhi hota ki unhe diabetes hai. Apka cholesterol kaisa hai. Aakhiri jo point hai or abhi tobacco diwas bi hua tha. Jisme btaya gya tha ki duniya bhar me 70 lakh logon ki mrityu har saal preventable mrityu ho rhi hai. To tobacco har rup se apke lia nuksan deh hai or jaan leva ho skta hai. Chahe vo heart disease se ho ya cancer se ho. To tobacco in every form, be it cigarette, be it biddi, gutka, kheni, paan masala or even the latest trend of e-cigarettes is all bad. These are to be avoided at all cost. So, with the 7 simple points, aap bhagya ko kosne ki bjaye aap bhut kuch kar skte hain. Apni life ki quality bhi achi rkhen usi se apki life aage badhti hai. Enjoy the journey which is called life.

Thank You!
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice