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Last Updated: Sep 05, 2019
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Copd - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease? Symptoms : Treatment :

What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease?

COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is the name of a group of progressive lung diseases. The most common illnesses that are associated with COPD are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Sometimes, one person can be affected with both these diseases.

Emphysema is an illness that gradually destroys the air sack in the pulmonary system, which cause difficulty with the outward airflow from the lungs. Bronchitis on the other hand is an illness that causes narrowing and inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which allows mucus to build up in the airway.

Symptoms :

COPD patients often find it’s harder to breath. Although the symptoms of COPD may be mild in the beginning with just coughing and shortness of breath, but as the disease progresses patients suffering from COPD find increasing difficulty in breathing.

Patients affected by this malady experience tightness in their chest along with symptoms like wheezing.

One of the major reasons for developing this disease is smoking. Prolonged exposure to chemical irritants and other harmful external agents like toxic gases can also lead to COPD. Nevertheless, COPD is an ailment that takes pretty long to develop in the patients suffering from this acute respiratory malady.

Diagnosis of COPD is usually done by imaging, blood tests and also LFT (lung Function Test).

There is hardly any cure for this disease. But there are certain treatments that can help to ease the symptoms of this illness and lowers the chances of complications which in turn generally improves the quality of life of the COPD patients.

Treatment :

However, it must be also remembered, if left untreated COPD can lead to severe heart ailments and also worsening respiratory infections in the patients.There are several people all across the globe, who in spite of having this disease are unaware of its presence in their body.To slow the progress of this disease, it’s best to consult a pulmonologist (lung specialist) or a respiratory therapist.

Medications that helps in relaxing the muscles of the airway, such as bronchodilators are generally prescribed to the patients suffering from this disease. Bronchodilator medicines are usually inhaled. Glucocorticosteroids are also at times prescribed to the patients for reducing inflammation in their airway tract.Other than these oxygen therapy is also recommended to the patients along with pneumococcal vaccine and an annual dose of flu shots.

When medicines fails to bring comfort in some of the COPD patients, surgery is performed in severe COPD cases, when all other treatments have failed. Surgery like bellectomy is mostly done on COPD patients when they develop a condition known as emphysema, which absolutely destroys the patient’s air sacs.

Popular Questions & Answers

Polyps in throat and dry throat and flue symptoms from last 5,6 months. Doctor prescribed after inspection two medicine. One is inhaler (salmeterol & fluticasone combination (flomist)) second is nasal spray (fluticasone (flomist)). It's been two months polyps have reduced but still exist. Which one out of two medicine I can stop?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MRCS- Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, DLO RCS England, FRCS
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
Dear Mr. lybrate-user, ideally you should be asking the question to your doctor who prescribed the treatment. Polyps commonly occur in the nose and are treated with low dose steroid nasal spray (fluticasone) usually for 3- 4 months or longer based...
1 person found this helpful

I am a 54 years old male. I have been advised levolin 0.63 mg with budecort 1 mg respules with nebulizer. I have allergic bronchial asthma since childhood. Is it better to have duolin in place of levolin along with budecort? I have also been prescribed pulmoclear, alaspan tablets twice a day and wysolone 30 tablet once a day.

MD - Pulmonary Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Pulmonologist, Bangalore
Mr. lybrate-user, the medications are all messed up. U do not require nebulisation everyday and wysolone is not the answer. Such high dose eveeyday can hve so many side effects.

I was taking montair lc for 10 days. For cough. Now from 5 days I am having neck pain a nd shoulder pain weakness in arms. Also sleeplessness and dizziness all days and gas pains also. Is it a side effects of medicines or something else. What should I do. Still I have little cough.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MRCS- Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, DLO RCS England, FRCS
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
Dear Ms. lybrate-user, all the above symptoms that you describe are known side effects of montelukast. In my practice, I reserve montelukast only to patients with long term problems along with asthma and generally avoid using it for allergic rhini...

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MD - Pulmonary,MD PULMONARY,DTCD
Pulmonology
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