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Vitamin D Deficiency - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Vitamin D deficiency? Symptoms : Treatment :

What is Vitamin D deficiency?

Hypovitaminosis D or Vitamin D deficiency, can happen from inadequate nutritional intake of this vitamin or/and inadequate exposure to sunlight. There are also certain hereditary disorders that limits vitamin D absorption in the body. Impaired vitamin D conversion into active metabolites can lead to several kinds of bone diseases. Like rickets in children or osteoporosis in the adults. Less vitamin D in your body can also play a vital role in development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Symptoms :

It is often becomes very difficult to find that whether a newborn or an adult is suffering from Hypovitaminosis D. However, a swift diagnosis of vitamin D deficiency can be made if someone has a sweaty forehead. So if you find that you are ‘glowing’ while your temperature is around 98.6°F and your activity level is remaining steady you may consider doing a vitamin D test. Another sign of vitamin D deficiency is feeling overly exhausted easily. Research on this vitamin has shown that vitamin D supplementation increases muscle control.

Deficiency of vitamin D also results in mood swings and depressions as adequate vitamin D in the metabolism helps in proper secretion of hormones like serotonin.Generally your doctor will start by jotting down the patient’s history to determine if the patient has been experiencing signs and symptoms that can indicate deficiency of this mineral in the patient’s body.

Treatment :

Primarily the doctor can order for a blood test for find the serum concentration of 25(OH)D in the patient. This is the type of vitamin D that circulates in our body. So taking a test of this profile, is considered as a good reflection of how much of vitamin D the patient has absorbed from daily diet and from the rays of the sun.

Levels of this vitamin are expressed in nmol/L (nanomoles/liter) or ng/mL (nanograms/milliliter).

Doctors can also ask the patient for undergoing a special bone density scan, if the patient is suffering from brittle bones or symptoms of osteoporosis. Food that are naturally rich in vitamin D are fatty fishes like salmon, tuna and mackerel. Other than these beef, cheese, fish liver oil, egg yolks, mushrooms are also enriched with vitamin D.Some of the food manufacturers also sometimes fortify foods with vitamin D, especially foods that are often eaten by children, to reduce the risk of vitamin D deficiency in infants.

Such foods that are found in the market are yogurt, breakfast cereals, baby milk, orange juice, marmalade and others.

Popular Questions & Answers

I've been taking tayo 60k weekly once for 12 weeks, since I had vitamin d levels at 8 ng/ml. For maintenance dose, is carbamide forte 5000iu a good choice? Otherwise which other brand & strength would you prefer to maintain vitamin d levels?

Rheumatologist, Mohali
You can take vitamin d 60,000 units (any good brand) weekly for 12 weeks or till the vitamin d level becomes normal (more than 30 ng/ml). If you have already taken for 12 weeks, please check your vit d levels. If they are normal, take 60,000 units...
3 people found this helpful

I had vitamin d3 deficiency which somehow did not get attention from my side for almost 2 years & I have landed up in few issues with my spine leading to body pain symptoms such as knees, legs, back fingers, shoulder, etc. Severity is more when I get up in the morning. I have directed to arthritis specialist however all arthritis tests were negative & problem did not settle even after Dr. treated me for about 4 months with lubrijointod 1 tablet daily and etova400 (painkiller). Subsequently, I was directed to pain management specialist, who advised to get x-ray & mri done for the spine. And multiple problems were observed related to the spine. 1. X-ray of the thoracolumbar spine: few marginal & few bridging osteophytes appears mildly reduced 2. X-ray of the pelvis with both hips: normal 3. Mri cervical spine: a. Partial fusion of vertebral bodies & right sided facet joints of c4 & c5 verbetre with rudimentary intervening intervertebral disc, suggestive of partial c4/c5 block vertebra b. The mild diffuse posterior bulge of desiccated c3-c4 intervertebral disc c. Mild left posterolateral bulge of dessicated c4-c5 intervertebral disc d. Mild hypertrophy at c5/c6 level 4. Mri -lumbar spine with sacroiliac joints screening: a. Mild left forminal bulge of the partially dessicated l3-l4 intervertebral disc, causing narrowing of the left neural foramen & indenting the left exiting l3 nerve root. B. Same as above for l4-l5. Exiting l4 nerve root c. The mild diffuse posterior bulge of the partially dessicated l5-s1 intervertebral disc, indenting the thecal sac. D. Mild facial arthropathy at l5-s1 intervertebral disc level request your guidance to know what is the exact problem? Is it repairable or I have to carry this as is? I still continue to have the pain. Any treatment would help me? (medicine-allopathy/ayurvedic/homeopathy or message.) I have taken physiotherapy for about 1 month & they had given me @30+ exercises to do on daily basis.

MBBS, MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Orthopedic Doctor, Mumbai
You are having multiple small problems in the spine may be secondary to the degenerative changes in the spine. Only thing is you are only 57 years old and the age-related changes seem to be a little premature. What about your blood work? Having th...
8 people found this helpful

How much is vitamin d3 responsible for depression? How much is level is responsible for acute depression? I have lot of depression, anxiety, worry and muscle pain. My level of d3 vit is 20 ng/ml.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. The most accurate way to measure how much vitamin d is in your body is the 25-hydroxy vitamin d blood test. A level of 20 nanograms/milliliter to 50 ng/ml is considere...

I have low vitamin d3 25 n b12 540 my hands n feet burning sensation more n more joint pain heel pains please tell me how much to take arachitol nano syrup 5 ml daily or once in a week for how many days.

MBBS, MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Your b12 values are within normal limits d3 is 60000 units once a week for 8 weeks and after that 60000 units once a month for 6 months.
3 people found this helpful

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