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Vitamin D Deficiency - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Hypovitaminosis D or Vitamin D deficiency, can happen from inadequate nutritional intake of this vitamin or/and inadequate exposure to sunlight. There are also certain hereditary disorders that limits vitamin D absorption in the body. Impaired vitamin D conversion into active metabolites can lead to several kinds of bone diseases. Like rickets in children or osteoporosis in the adults. Less vitamin D in your body can also play a vital role in development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

It is often becomes very difficult to find that whether a newborn or an adult is suffering from Hypovitaminosis D. However, a swift diagnosis of vitamin D deficiency can be made if someone has a sweaty forehead. So if you find that you are ‘glowing’ while your temperature is around 98.6°F and your activity level is remaining steady you may consider doing a vitamin D test. Another sign of vitamin D deficiency is feeling overly exhausted easily. Research on this vitamin has shown that vitamin D supplementation increases muscle control.

Deficiency of vitamin D also results in mood swings and depressions as adequate vitamin D in the metabolism helps in proper secretion of hormones like serotonin. Generally your doctor will start by jotting down the patient’s history to determine if the patient has been experiencing signs and symptoms that can indicate deficiency of this mineral in the patient’s body. Primarily the doctor can order for a blood test for find the serum concentration of 25(OH)D in the patient. This is the type of vitamin D that circulates in our body. So taking a test of this profile, is considered as a good reflection of how much of vitamin D the patient has absorbed from daily diet and from the rays of the sun.

Levels of this vitamin are expressed in nmol/L (nanomoles/liter) or ng/mL (nanograms/milliliter).

Doctors can also ask the patient for undergoing a special bone density scan, if the patient is suffering from brittle bones or symptoms of osteoporosis. Food that are naturally rich in vitamin D are fatty fishes like salmon, tuna and mackerel. Other than these beef, cheese, fish liver oil, egg yolks, mushrooms are also enriched with vitamin D. Some of the food manufacturers also sometimes fortify foods with vitamin D, especially foods that are often eaten by children, to reduce the risk of vitamin D deficiency in infants.

Such foods that are found in the market are yogurt, breakfast cereals, baby milk, orange juice, marmalade and others.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Brittleness of bones.

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Vitamin D and Calcium

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Vitamin D and Calcium
What are Vitamin D and Calcium? Vitamin D (a hormone) and calcium (a mineral) are nutrients that sustain healthy bones. They are also needed for: Muscle movement Nerve communication Absorption of calcium and phosphorous (vitamin D) Immune system responses (vitamin D) Signaling between cells (calcium) Hormonal secretion (calcium) Blood vessel flow (calcium) Without enough vitamin D or calcium, your parathyroid glands compensate by producing too much of their hormone, a condition called hyperparathyroidism. That can lead to bone weakening (osteoporosis) and increased fracture risk. Other problems from calcium and vitamin D deficiencies include: Skeletal deformities (rickets) in children ages 6-24 months Muscle weakness in children and the elderly (vitamin D only) Given the crucial role of both nutrients in bone health, The Endocrine Society and the Institute of Medicine recommend certain consumption levels based on age and health. They have not yet found, however, that taking vitamin D provides cardiovascular protection. How Does Vitamin D Affect Women s Health How Much Vitamin D and Calcium Do You Need? The Endocrine Society and The Institute of Medicine have suggested recommended daily allowances (RDA) for vitamin D and calcium, as well as maximum daily consumption amounts that you should not exceed for your safety: Population Calcium RDA (mg) Calcium Max (mg) Vitamin D RDA (IU) Vitamin D Max (IU) 0-6 months 200 1,000 400 1,000 6-12 months 260 1,500 400 1,500 1-3 years 700 2,500 600 2,500 4-8 years 1,000 2,500 600 3,000 9-13 years 1,300 3,000 600 4,000 14-18 years 1,300 3,000 600 4,000 19-30 years 1,000 2,500 600 4,000 31-50 years 1,000 2,500 600 4,000 51-70 years male 1,000 2,000 600 4,000 51-70 years female 1,200 2,000 600 4,000 70+ years 1,200 2,000 800 4,000 14-18 pregnant/lactating 1,300 3,000 600 4,000 19-50 pregnant/lactating 1,000 2,500 600 4,000 The recommendations come with two precautions: Some people may need more than the RDA (after talking with their doctor) if they are: Obese Taking anticonvulsant medications, glucocorticoids, antifungals such as ketoconazole or medications for AIDS Taking too much of either nutrient appears to be harmful, with: Kidney stones associated with too much calcium from supplements Very high levels of vitamin D (above 10,000 IUs per day) potentially causing kidney and tissue damage How Do You Get Vitamin D and Calcium? Your body makes Vitamin D when your skin is exposed to sun, but several factors limit its creation: Living anywhere in the country above latitude 33 degrees (the top of Louisiana) Wearing sunscreen to protect against melanoma Having naturally dark skin Aging, which changes absorption ability The amount of sun you would need to achieve normal blood vitamin D levels is probably more than is safe for your skin, so most people may need supplements to achieve a normal vitamin D level. Either form of vitamin D (D2 or D3) benefits the body, but very few foods naturally contain the nutrient or are fortified with it. That s why doctors recommend supplements to make up the difference. Foods containing vitamin D include: Cod liver oil: 400-1,000 IU per teaspoon Wild caught salmon: 600-1,000 IU per 3.5 oz Farmed salmon: 100-250 IU per 3.5 oz Canned salmon: 300-600 IU per 3.5 oz Canned sardines: 300 IU per 3.5 oz Canned mackerel: 250 IU per 3.5 oz Canned tuna: 236 IU per 3.5 oz Fresh shitake mushrooms: 100 IU per 3.5 oz Sundried shitake mushrooms: 1,600 IU per 3.5 oz Egg yolk: 20 IU per yolk Milk, orange juice, infant formula, yogurt, margarine, butter, cheese and breakfast cereals are often fortified with vitamin D. Calcium is found in: Dairy products Chinese cabbage Kale Broccoli Fortified fruit juices, drinks, tofu and cereals
3 people found this helpful

How Black is Beautiful? 3 Reasons to Love Being Black!

Dr. Anshu Aggarwal 86% (20 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, Cosmetologist
Dermatologist, Chandigarh
How Black is Beautiful? 3 Reasons to Love Being Black!
Many Indians are crazy about fair skin and go to extreme lengths to achieve and maintain a fair complexion. The media bombards you daily with very catchy advertisements of creams, lotions, sunscreens and other unscientific products that claim to make your skin fairer. Do you know that your skin colour is darker for very good evolutionary and biological reasons and that medically speaking, it is good that you do not have very fair skin? Darker skin is adapted to sunlight and has increased quantity of a pigment called melanin. The more melanin you have, the darker your skin. And the safer you are! Melanin along with other factors, acts as a natural umbrella and prevents harmful radiation from entering your skin. These are just some of the reasons why black skin is safe and beautiful: You are less prone to sunburns: White skinned individuals often get painful, carrot-red or tomato-red inflamed sunburns on exposure to sunlight. Some individuals also get blistering sunburns requiring aggressive medical treatment to control the reaction. Your darker skin allows you to spend much longer time on the beach and you probably have never ever experienced any blister due to sunlight. You do not experience photo-ageing: Fine and deep wrinkles, broken blood vessels on the nose and cheeks, freckles, age spots and rough scaly spots called keratosis are commonly seen in white skinned individuals with long term sun exposure. These set of changes are called photo-aging. Because of natural sun protection, your Indian skin remains has less wrinkles and is smoother, even when exposed to the same amount of sunlight. You are less prone to skin cancers: Without melanin, you can imagine white skin as a transparent covering, which allows harmful UV light to penetrate through into the lower layers of the skin. This radiation causes damage to the DNA and a few cells may mutate to cause skin cancers, some of which are deadly. You are lucky that your natural umbrella blocks UV light effectively and cells in different layers of the skin suffer much less damage compared to white-skinned individuals. However, don t forget to see a dermatologist in case you see any new bump, or in case you see any change in(a)symmetry, border, color, diameter or evolution (ABCDE) of any existing moleon your skin. However, on the flip side, since your skin is effective in shielding you from sunlight, you are also prone to Vitamin D deficiency. Sunlight is required for the production of Vitamin D and darker skinned individuals are more prone to this deficiency. Talk to your dermatologist about this possibility. Sunscreens were developed to protect against sunburns and skin cancers and you probably do not need them as a routine, unless you work outdoors, on beaches or on mountains. Stay away from skin brightening creams, since many of them contain compounds which permanently damage your skin and organs. Make it a point to consult your dermatologist before putting any medication on your skin. Be proud and be happy that you have dark Indian skin.
12 people found this helpful

Natural Alternatives That Work Better Than Vitamin Supplements

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 96% (8166 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Natural Alternatives That Work Better Than Vitamin Supplements
Here s a list of foods that are better than taking vitamin supplements: 1. Trouts Fatty fish such as trout are great sources of vitamin d and omega-3 fatty acids, which promote brain function and fight inflammation. 2. Mushrooms Include mushrooms them in your diet four times a week and see your vitamin levels shoot up. They can be cooked, baked or pan-fried and turned into a tasty and healthy delight. In order to reap more benefits, you can sun dry them before consumption. Mushrooms can naturally produce vitamin d when exposed to sunlight. 3. Green veggies Fresh green veggies are loaded with essential nutrients and the key point to remember is that the lesser you cook them (keeping the crunch and texture intact) the more beneficial they can be. So load up on spinach, methi leaves, lettuce, mustard greens and kale. 4. Crabs Not only do clams have the highest concentration of vitamin b12 of any food, they re also filled with potassium. Three ounces of either canned or fresh clam contains 534 mg of potassium, 15% of your daily requirement. 5. Sardines You may be surprised to learn that these little fish are packed with calcium 3 ounces has the same amount as 8 ounces of milk. Sardines also contain vitamin d and omega-3 fatty acids. If you buy them canned in oil, be sure to rinse before cooking to get rid of excess salt.
4 people found this helpful

Vitamin D: Good for Overall Health and Penis Health

Dr. Vinod Raina 92% (4150 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Vitamin D: Good for Overall Health and Penis Health
Men who are on the lookout for the best penis care practices shouldn't just stop with the manhood - they need to look at overall health as well. A man's overall health can greatly affect his penis health, and vice versa. Therefore, certain nutrients are a must not only for ingestion, but for topical application, too. One of those very important nutrients is vitamin D. What exactly is vitamin D? Many have heard of vitamin D as a necessity for good health. Many foods and drinks - especially milk - are fortified with vitamin D. Other foods contain it naturally, such as salmon, cod liver oil and even portabella mushrooms. Most vitamin D is made by the body, however, as a reaction to sunlight. That's why at least a few minutes outside each day can help a man feel better in many ways, thanks to more than enough vitamin D coursing through his system. Vitamin D is great for keeping bones healthy and strong. It helps enhance cellular function throughout the body, boosts the immune system and lifts a person's mood. In fact, sometimes those who suffer from depression during the darker months of the year can benefit greatly from a supplemental dose of vitamin D to bring their levels back to normal. A blood test can help determine if there are high enough levels of vitamin D in a person's body. If not, a series of supplements can bring levels back to a healthy amount. What does it do for penis health? That's what vitamin D can do when ingested, but what does it do when applied topically? Any penis heath cr me worth its salt will contain vitamin D, which is then applied directly to the penis skin. The advantages of this include allowing the vitamin D to soak into the skin, thus upping the benefits. And those benefits include: 1. Libido. Vitamin D and testosterone levels often go hand-in hand. When one is low, the other probably is, too. That's because vitamin D is integral in the production of testosterone, which is necessary for sexual drive and all sorts of other sexual functions, such as getting an erection. 2. Sperm production. Sperm counts are tied to the amount of vitamin D in the body; a healthy amount means a healthy sperm count. This might also have something to do with the testosterone-vitamin D connection. 3. Sperm quality. A lot of sperm doesn't mean much if it isn't the high-quality sperm necessary to impregnate a partner. Sperm quality is always boosted by getting all the right vitamins, so it makes sense that vitamin D, applied topically and ingested orally, can help ensure those little swimmers are in good shape. 4. Genetic information. As the sperm forms, genetic information is encoded. That is then carried to the egg, where it becomes half of what will eventually become the offspring. Vitamin D can help ensure that genetic information is seamless, that there are fewer possibilities for genetic issues, and that only the best sperm get to the egg. Those looking after their overall health, as well as their penis health, can do so by ensuring they get the right mix of nutrients. This includes vitamin D and many of the other vitamins, nutrients and amino acids present in a top-notch penis health cr me (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). In addition to the wonders of the vitamin D "miracle," men can also enjoy vitamin A for odor control, alphia lipoic acid to fight against free radicals that threaten to damage penis skin, vitamin C for better blood flow, L carnitine for better sensation and of course, vitamin E and Shea butter for perfect hydration.
4 people found this helpful

Know More About Vitamin D

Dt. Divya Chadha 91% (114 ratings)
Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics, Diploma in Diet and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Know More About Vitamin D
Vitamin D improves mood, cognition and pain tolerance.
4 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My son has vitamin D at 6 level in his blood report. Please advise what should he do?

Dt. Divya Patel Kinjalkumar 91% (172 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Anand
Hello Some foods to improve vitamin D level :- 1) Salmon 2) Tuna 3) Beef liver 4) Cheese 5) Egg yolk 6) Milk 7) Orange juice 8) Cereals 9) Mushrooms # Sun light also helps to increase the vitamin D in the human body.
1 person found this helpful


Dr. Muhib Jahan 90% (36 ratings)
BUMS, MD Unani
Unani Specialist, Bangalore
Vitamin D is very essential nutrient for maintaining calcium levels in you r body if ther is no sufficient vitamin D then you r bones will become weak and you will feel tired and have muscular pain, the best way to get vitamin D is exposure to sunlight your body itself synthesis this vitamin by ultraviolet rays of sunlight. Always make sure to have atleast 10 minutes exposure to sunlight every day and as for vitamin b12 it is presented in egg, meat, poultry, fish, prawns,dry fruits and milk and milk products, vitamin B12is essential for blood production, proper brain function and for DNA synthesis.
1 person found this helpful

What should be the vitamin D range in male and what are the signs of low vitamin D?

Dt. Vishal Wadi 88% (14 ratings)
BSc, Certified Diabetes Educator
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Healthy level of Vitamin D is above 30 ng/ml. Lower levels will cause lack of energy, lack of awareness and feeling of fogginess.

I need suggestion for my dad. His age is 65.6 months. Today as per report. Vitamin D is less than normal. So please suggest what us the best time to stay in sunlight for vitamin D. And for how much time he should stay there.

Dt. Siva Teja Gadepalli 90% (70 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
Hi, good time to stay in sunshine for vitamin-D is between 11 A.M. To 2 P.M. An exposure of about 10-20 minutes is sufficient to produce 1000 I.U. But if the blood vitamin-D levels are too low other sources like fish, fortified (milk, soy milk, juice, cheese), egg yolk also has to be consumed.
1 person found this helpful

I am 40 year old, my clystrol is in normal range, but vitamin B12 and vitamin D deficiency is there. Homocysteine level is 38. What does it means. Is it on higher level?

Dr. Nash Kamdin 94% (3213 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
Dear Lybrateuser, - Your homocysteine level is on the higher side, it may be due to low vit B12 level - for B12 & vit D deficiency take food rich in these vitamins, also vit d can be obtained by exposure to sunlight for 10-15 min - increased homocysteine level is an indicator of cardiovascular & cerebrovascular disease in future, it can be treated with folate, vit B6 & vit B12.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Role of Calcium and Vitamin D in your Bone Health

Dr. Anshu Sachdev 87% (42 ratings)
MNAMS (Orthopedic Surgery), Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB (Orthopedics), MBBS
Orthopedist, Pune
Milk or yogurt is not the best source of calcium while sunlight can?t really replenish vitamin D in your body. True or false? Take the quiz to know now.
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