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Overview

Rickets - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Rickets is a condition when the bones become soft and brittle. Along with weak bones, there is also stunted growth and skeletal deformities in the person. Main cause of rickets is the lack of vitamin D, phosphate and calcium in the body.

Vitamin D is necessary for absorption of calcium and phosphates from the intestine. Vitamin D is mainly produced in the body when a person is exposed to sunlight. Other sources of Vitamin D are fish, eggs, and milk. When there is insufficient Vitamin D, this causes low levels of calcium and phosphate in the body. As a result the body signals the release of calcium and phosphate from the bones resulting in weak bones.

Many risk factors have been identified for developing rickets. Rickets are common in children between the ages of 6 and 36 months. It is very common in regions where there is less sunlight and children eat vegetarian food and do not eat milk products. Infants who are fed only on breast milk also have a risk of developing rickets because breast milk has low quantities of vitamin D. People with dark skin are at higher risk because the skin prevents penetration of sunlight thereby avoiding the body from producing vitamin D.

When a person visits a doctor for any sort of pain in the bones, doctor will check the bones to understand if there is any sort of pain or tenderness by slightly touching the bones. Tests like x-ray, blood tests and arterial blood gases test is used to determine the levels of calcium and phosphate in the body along with any check for any skeletal abnormalities.

Treatment for rickets includes recommendations for more exposure to sunlight and consumption of foods high in vitamin D namely eggs, milk and fish. This will slowly remove the symptoms of rickets namely tenderness in the bones. Calcium and vitamin D supplements also provided as treatment for rickets.

Best way to prevent rickets is by eating adequate amounts of calcium and phosphate. In winter months when sunlight is less, face and hands should be exposed to sunlight. Use of sunscreen during summer may prevent absorption of sunlight by the body and hence adequate intake of foods rich in vitamin D, calcium and phosphate is necessary.

Too much exposure of the body to sunlight may result in sunburn and hence should be avoided. By taking preventive steps one can avoid rickets and help in the formation of healthy bones.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Delayed growths Pain in spine Pain in the spine Weak legs

Popular Health Tips

Ways To Deal With Rickets In Children!

Dr. Ravi Yadav 82% (12 ratings)
M.D(Pediatrics), MBBS
Pediatrician, Rewari
Ways To Deal With Rickets In Children!
A nutritional disorder, the problem of rickets occurs if your child suffers from a deficiency of calcium, phosphate or Vitamin D. It causes softened and damaged bones, skeletal deformities, impaired development of the bone's growth plate (a spot of growing tissue found near the end of a long bone in adolescents and children) and stunted growth. Here are few very simple ways you can prevent your child from getting it: 1. Having Vitamin D and calcium rich foods - One of the best ways to prevent this nutritional disorder from affecting your child is by making sure he or she have foods that are high in Vitamin D and calcium. Egg yolks, fish oil or fatty fish like salmon and mackerel are some of the Vitamin D foods that your child can have to strengthen his bones. Even foods that have Vitamin D added to it such as cereals, orange juice, milk and infant formula can also be given to your child. Sources of calcium can be soyabeans, nuts, broccoli, cabbage, cheese and yoghurt. 2. Going out in the sun - Considered to be an excellent source of Vitamin D, getting your child exposed to sunlight is another excellent way of getting most of this nutrient, as well as preventing him or her from developing rickets. Although the exposure time may vary from individual to individual, about 10-15 minutes of sun exposure without sunscreen can help. 3. Having Vitamin D supplements - Even the consumption of Vitamin D supplements can reduce your child's risk of getting rickets. Since mother's milk contains less than the recommended Vitamin D amount, infants too need to be put on Vitamin D supplements of 400 IU each day. For teenagers and young children, the recommended dosage is 600 IU of Vitamin D every day.
2684 people found this helpful

Is Your Child Suffering From Rickets? 3 Ways To Deal With It!

Dr. Maulik Shah 90% (135 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Mumbai
Is Your Child Suffering From Rickets? 3 Ways To Deal With It!
A nutritional disorder, the problem of rickets occurs if your child suffers from a deficiency of calcium, phosphate or Vitamin D. It causes softened and damaged bones, skeletal deformities, impaired development of the bone's growth plate (a spot of growing tissue found near the end of a long bone in adolescents and children) and stunted growth. Here are few very simple ways you can prevent your child from getting it: 1. Having Vitamin D and calcium rich foods - One of the best ways to prevent this nutritional disorder from affecting your child is by making sure he or she have foods that are high in Vitamin D and calcium. Egg yolks, fish oil or fatty fish like salmon and mackerel are some of the Vitamin D foods that your child can have to strengthen his bones. Even foods that have Vitamin D added to it such as cereals, orange juice, milk and infant formula can also be given to your child. Sources of calcium can be soyabeans, nuts, broccoli, cabbage, cheese and yoghurt. 2. Going out in the sun - Considered to be an excellent source of Vitamin D, getting your child exposed to sunlight is another excellent way of getting most of this nutrient, as well as preventing him or her from developing rickets. Although the exposure time may vary from individual to individual, about 10-15 minutes of sun exposure without sunscreen can help. 3. Having Vitamin D supplements - Even the consumption of Vitamin D supplements can reduce your child's risk of getting rickets. Since mother's milk contains less than the recommended Vitamin D amount, infants too need to be put on Vitamin D supplements of 400 IU each day. For teenagers and young children, the recommended dosage is 600 IU of Vitamin D every day.
2665 people found this helpful

Calcium Deficiency - 3 Signs You are Suffering from it

Dr. Sabyasachi Das 86% (191 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Calcium Deficiency - 3 Signs You are Suffering from it
Calcium is known for its role in maintaining the bone health, from keeping your teeth stronger to normal functioning of the cells. But there are various factors, which lead to a deficiency of calcium in the human body and paves the way for several complications. Here are the top three signs that indicate you are suffering from calcium deficiency. Difficulty in sleeping: Sleep is essential for your bone health and calcium is directly associated with your sleep cycle. The level of calcium in your bones rises and falls when you are asleep and it reaches its peak when you are in deep slumber. This indicates that when you are unable to sleep properly, it is a warning sign of calcium deficiency. There are various researches that have confirmed, that by increasing the level of calcium, it is possible to restore the normal sleep cycle of an individual. This is also related to the role that calcium plays in the production of a sleep hormone called melatonin. When the calcium content in the body is really low, this hormone is not produced, thus, making it difficult for a person to sleep. Difficulty in losing extra pounds: Yet another frustrating aspect of any individual s life is the inability to shed off excess pounds. This issue is also linked with the lack of calcium supply in the body. The calcium that s stored in the cells assists in the processing and storage of fat. So the fat cells with high calcium content burn faster, making you lose weight. Thus, if you have trouble losing weight in spite of having a well-regulated diet and regular workout, it s a sign that you are suffering from low calcium. Paresthesia: Though this ailment is not much heard of, it could be a sign of calcium deficiency. Paresthesia is a nervous disorder, which causes tingling sensation, tremors, numbness and loss of sensitivity. It could also lead to poor concentration, amnesia, confusion, hearing impairment, twitches and other physical as well as neurological impairment. This is because low calcium in the blood is connected with the health of your nerves. The deficiency of calcium can manifest itself in different intensity, ranging from the non-existent to minimal to severe levels. Chronic calcium deficiency can lead to life-threatening diseases like rickets, osteopenia, and even osteoporosis. Therefore, you shouldn t ignore these signs and consult an expert without delay.
9635 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Madelung's deformity - some sort of bone disorder is this treatable at the age of 27 (female. My sister have it, her one of the bone in hands is abnormal xtra growth may be if not treatable in india thn which country which hospital is the best.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 92% (3698 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Madelung's deformity is usually characterized by malformed wrists and wrist bones, accompanied by short stature and is often associated with Léri-Weill dyschondrosteosis. It has only been recognized within the past hundred years. Causes of Madelung Deformity There are four types of Madelung deformity Post traumatic Following trauma that disrupts growth of the distal radial ulnar-volar physis. Dysplastic Associated with bone dysplasias like multiple hereditary osteochondromatosis, Ollier disease, achondroplasia, multiple epiphysial dysplasias, and the mucopolysaccharidoses. This type can also be seen secondary to sickle-cell disease, infection, tumor, and rickets. The most important dysplasia associated with Madelung deformity, however, is Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis. Genetic About 30% of cases of Madelung deformity are transmitted in an autosomal dominant fashion though there us a variable expression and 50% penetrance. Madelung deformity is bilateral in about 50% of the cases. Most common chromosomal association is with Turner syndrome where mutation has been found in short stature homeobox-containing gene, SHOX, present on X chromosome. But families with this mutation and individuals with Turner syndrome and families with a history of MD have been shown to exhibit a variable expression of MD and dyschondrosteosis. This raises a possibility of a modifier gene on another area of the X chromosome or on an autosomal gene may be involved. Idiopathic Where no cause or association can be found. The exact nature of the pathologic process that causes the disturbance in the growth of the distal radial physis is unknown. When Madelung deformity is a hereditary disorder, it is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance. Sporadic forms do occur. It is more common in the females and involvement is frequently bilateral. Treatment of Madelung Deformity Surgery is indicated for relief of pain and cosmetic improvement. Function is usually only minimally improved. Nonoperative management may be helpful in skeletally mature individuals with mild-to-moderate short-term wrist pain due to distal radioulnar joint or radiocarpal joint. The treatment involves splintage and decrease in activity levels. The pain that is caused by the tension within the Vickers ligament does not improve with these measures and may need Release of the ligament alone or in combination with an osteotomy When patient has attained skeletal maturity, the treatments to be considered are osteotomy and aadioscaphocapitate arthrodesis if joint congruency can be achieved. Darrach or Sauve-Kapandji procedure if distal radioulnar joint congruency cannot be achieved. No specific contraindications to surgery exist other than those associated with any elective surgical procedure. The decision of surgery is guided by patients age and remaining growth potential, severity of deformity and symptoms along with radiographic findings Surgical procedures either correct the primary deformity of the radius or make compensatory change in the ulna or both. The goal of ulnar procedures is to change the relationship of the relatively long ulna to the radius. Vickers physiolysis When the deformity is noticed early and significant growth remains, changing the growth pattern of the distal radial physis to correct the deformity is possible. The Vickers ligament originates on the radius in a fossa, is 5-7 mm thick and inserts into the anterior surface of the lunate and the anterior radioulnar ligament portion of the triangular fibrocartilage complex. This ligament could be a cause of pain in Madelung deformity. It is said that the lesion is both bony and ligamentous and physiolysis [resecting the bony and ligamentous lesion] allows for a normal and compensatory growth to correct the deformity. Osteotomy of radius This is considered in older child when remaining growth is insufficient. The osteotomy can correct the position of the distal radiocarpal joint surface and brings the radius and ulna into a more proper position. It could be closing or opening wedge osteotomy. An ulna-shortening procedure can be performed along where required. Ulnar Procedures Because the radius is volar, the ulna appears to be subluxated dorsally and the incongruence at the distal radioulnar joint and impingement of the radius on the ulna in supination could lead to pain and stiffness. Following ulnar procedures have been described to allow rotation Ulnar shortening Darrach Procedure Sauve-Kapandji procedure Fusion of distal radioulnar joint Arthrodesis This is considered in the skeletally mature patient who presents with pain and in whom physical examination demonstrates limitation of motion and severe radiocarpal joint incongruity Prognosis of Madelung Deformity Pain relief and correction of the cosmetic deformity are main goals of treatment and most of patients attain both of them. Range of motion usually is only moderately improved at best.

My left rib is bigger than right one and it sticks out more than right one, no pain nothing and I also have no scoliosis I have checked out for it than what is The reason. I am also very thin.Please suggest me something for gaining weight.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 92% (3698 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Due to vitamin D deficiency and it leads to Rickets where you will have pigeon chest that's why the ribs are protruding and you can take more vitamin in your diet, especially vitamin D.
1 person found this helpful

About vitamin d tell me the source of vitamin d.what is the problem due to lack of vitamin d.

Dt. Siva Teja Gadepalli 90% (134 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
Hi, Vitamin-D is an important constituent in bone formation. Sunlight itself is an important source which converts cholesterol to vitamin-D in skin. Other sources include fish, fortified (milk, soy milk, juice, cheese), egg yolk. As vitamin-D is important in bone formation, its mild deficiency will lead to muscle pain, back pain, fatigue, delayed wound healing, bone loss. Severe deficiency leads to rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults where bone malformations occur. So, its better to take sufficient amount of vitamin-D in the form of food along with about 10 minutes exposure to sunlight per day. Intake of calcium rich foods should also be there for proper bone formation along with Vitamin-D intake.

Hello my daughter is 15 months old I had visited my child doctor who say she has a slight bowed leg btwn she didn't give me any proper information n just gave a vitamin n iron deficiency syrup. How concerned should I be and is it treatable and will affect my child growth overall. Please help.

Dr. Ajay Kashyap 91% (405 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
It is common in toddler she will be alright at the age of 3-4 if not there is underlying diseases 1.blount disease (abnormal bone growth) 2.rickets.(lack of calcium, phosphorus and vit-D) if it is physiological genu varum (bowed leg) il will subside itself do not worry.
1 person found this helpful

My nephew has bowl legs .and he is 1.2 year old yet. please suggest me what I need to do. It will correct itself or he need any kind of treatment.

Dr. Himani Negi 92% (17260 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
By age 3, most kids no longer appear bowlegged. And by age 7 or 8, most children's legs have reached the angle they'll retain into adulthood. Rarely, bowlegs are caused by a vitamin D deficiency (also called rickets) or a condition called Blount's disease, a bone disorder that affects the shins. You can easily take an online consultation for further treatment guidance and permanent cure without any side effects
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Iron rich diet- Why is it important?

Dt. Suraksha Shetty Shah 91% (124 ratings)
Diploma In Nutrition & Health Education
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ahmedabad
Dark chocolate is a good source of iron. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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