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Overview

Rickets - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Rickets is a condition when the bones become soft and brittle. Along with weak bones, there is also stunted growth and skeletal deformities in the person. Main cause of rickets is the lack of vitamin D, phosphate and calcium in the body.

Vitamin D is necessary for absorption of calcium and phosphates from the intestine. Vitamin D is mainly produced in the body when a person is exposed to sunlight. Other sources of Vitamin D are fish, eggs, and milk. When there is insufficient Vitamin D, this causes low levels of calcium and phosphate in the body. As a result the body signals the release of calcium and phosphate from the bones resulting in weak bones.

Many risk factors have been identified for developing rickets. Rickets are common in children between the ages of 6 and 36 months. It is very common in regions where there is less sunlight and children eat vegetarian food and do not eat milk products. Infants who are fed only on breast milk also have a risk of developing rickets because breast milk has low quantities of vitamin D. People with dark skin are at higher risk because the skin prevents penetration of sunlight thereby avoiding the body from producing vitamin D.

When a person visits a doctor for any sort of pain in the bones, doctor will check the bones to understand if there is any sort of pain or tenderness by slightly touching the bones. Tests like x-ray, blood tests and arterial blood gases test is used to determine the levels of calcium and phosphate in the body along with any check for any skeletal abnormalities.

Treatment for rickets includes recommendations for more exposure to sunlight and consumption of foods high in vitamin D namely eggs, milk and fish. This will slowly remove the symptoms of rickets namely tenderness in the bones. Calcium and vitamin D supplements also provided as treatment for rickets.

Best way to prevent rickets is by eating adequate amounts of calcium and phosphate. In winter months when sunlight is less, face and hands should be exposed to sunlight. Use of sunscreen during summer may prevent absorption of sunlight by the body and hence adequate intake of foods rich in vitamin D, calcium and phosphate is necessary.

Too much exposure of the body to sunlight may result in sunburn and hence should be avoided. By taking preventive steps one can avoid rickets and help in the formation of healthy bones.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Delayed growths Pain in spine Pain in the spine Weak legs

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Dr. Himanshu Gupta 89% (44 ratings)
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Ways To Deal With Rickets In Children!
A nutritional disorder, the problem of rickets occurs if your child suffers from a deficiency of calcium, phosphate or Vitamin D. It causes softened and damaged bones, skeletal deformities, impaired development of the bone's growth plate (a spot of growing tissue found near the end of a long bone in adolescents and children) and stunted growth. Here are few very simple ways you can prevent your child from getting it: 1. Having Vitamin D and calcium rich foods - One of the best ways to prevent this nutritional disorder from affecting your child is by making sure he or she have foods that are high in Vitamin D and calcium. Egg yolks, fish oil or fatty fish like salmon and mackerel are some of the Vitamin D foods that your child can have to strengthen his bones. Even foods that have Vitamin D added to it such as cereals, orange juice, milk and infant formula can also be given to your child. Sources of calcium can be soyabeans, nuts, broccoli, cabbage, cheese and yoghurt. 2. Going out in the sun - Considered to be an excellent source of Vitamin D, getting your child exposed to sunlight is another excellent way of getting most of this nutrient, as well as preventing him or her from developing rickets. Although the exposure time may vary from individual to individual, about 10-15 minutes of sun exposure without sunscreen can help. 3. Having Vitamin D supplements - Even the consumption of Vitamin D supplements can reduce your child's risk of getting rickets. Since mother's milk contains less than the recommended Vitamin D amount, infants too need to be put on Vitamin D supplements of 400 IU each day. For teenagers and young children, the recommended dosage is 600 IU of Vitamin D every day.
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Is Your Child Suffering From Rickets? 3 Ways To Deal With It!
A nutritional disorder, the problem of rickets occurs if your child suffers from a deficiency of calcium, phosphate or Vitamin D. It causes softened and damaged bones, skeletal deformities, impaired development of the bone's growth plate (a spot of growing tissue found near the end of a long bone in adolescents and children) and stunted growth. Here are few very simple ways you can prevent your child from getting it: 1. Having Vitamin D and calcium rich foods - One of the best ways to prevent this nutritional disorder from affecting your child is by making sure he or she have foods that are high in Vitamin D and calcium. Egg yolks, fish oil or fatty fish like salmon and mackerel are some of the Vitamin D foods that your child can have to strengthen his bones. Even foods that have Vitamin D added to it such as cereals, orange juice, milk and infant formula can also be given to your child. Sources of calcium can be soyabeans, nuts, broccoli, cabbage, cheese and yoghurt. 2. Going out in the sun - Considered to be an excellent source of Vitamin D, getting your child exposed to sunlight is another excellent way of getting most of this nutrient, as well as preventing him or her from developing rickets. Although the exposure time may vary from individual to individual, about 10-15 minutes of sun exposure without sunscreen can help. 3. Having Vitamin D supplements - Even the consumption of Vitamin D supplements can reduce your child's risk of getting rickets. Since mother's milk contains less than the recommended Vitamin D amount, infants too need to be put on Vitamin D supplements of 400 IU each day. For teenagers and young children, the recommended dosage is 600 IU of Vitamin D every day.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Please suggest. Albo-sang tablet or powder is best for height increment and body improvement of girls and boys? Which form is better to take in tablet or powder form? Is this safe and have no side effects? How should be taken for best results? Kindly reply very soon.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 88% (23087 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Albo Sang Powder is used for Normal functioning of cells, Normal functioning of nerves, Normal functioning of heart, Vitamin d-dependent rickets, Gastric antacid, Renal tubular osteomalacia and other conditions It is notuse to increase height

My wife's Alkaline phosphatase level is 131. The normal value is 42-98 u/L.Anything for worry. Please guide.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 88% (23087 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Her liver tests need to be seen. A single value of one enzyme is not helpful to give any advice Raised alkaline phosphatase indicates an inflammation This could include hepatitis (liver inflammation), cirrhosis (liver scarring), liver cancer, gallstones, or a blockage in your bile ducts. High levels may also indicate an issue related to the bones such as rickets, Paget's disease, bone cancer, or an overactive parathyroid gland.

What disease is caused by deficiency of vitamin D? Which part of the body is mostly effected by deficiency of vitamin D? And what kind of food should we eat to get vitamin D? Sir / madam please answer me fast.

Dr. Giri Srujana P 92% (55 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
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Vitamin d deficiency leads to decrease level of calcium leads to osteoporosis, osteoarthritis ,rickets in children. Natural source of vitamin d is sun. So go for morning walk. Take milk, eggs,meat,
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My son aged 3 years and 3 months with height of 92 cm and weight of 14.5 kg send weaker than other kids of the same age. He gets tired easily and starts weeping to lift him up. He was having rickets with only frontal bossing and pigeon chest which was treated and looks normal now. He often complains of abdominal pain after taking food. He had received albendazole some months back. He eats less and if not given won't bother to eat. Please suggest.

Dr. Divya Shree 92% (46 ratings)
MBBS, MRCPCH
Pediatrician, Bangalore
From your information looks like his height and weight are reasonable. Regarding him having rickets in the past, I think we need to re visit that issue and check his vit D again with calcium and phosphorus levels. Also complete hemogram to check his Hemoglobin and Iron levels. He needs thorough examination from his pediatrician to look at other perspectives of development. Hope this helps.

My pup is 4 months old and is not able to walk through his hind limbs since last 20 days, visited a doctor and he suggested only calcium and multi vitamins but no improvement observed. Conditions are worsen now his all limbs are not taking bow shape, please help.

Dr. Santosh Giri 85% (39 ratings)
B.V.Sc
Veterinarian, Varanasi
It is rickets. Get weekly shots of vtamin d3 along with calcium and phosphorus injections biweekly. Physiotherapy also needed simultaneously.
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