What is Hemorrhoids?
Swollen veins near the lower rectum or the anus are known as hemorrhoids. More than half of all adults experience hemorrhoids or its symptoms before turning 50. They may be external or internal. External hemorrhoids form outside the anus, while internal hemorrhoids form within the rectum or anus. Hemorrhoids can also be called piles. External hemorrhoids can be the most troublesome and are the commonest kind. Hemorrhoids cause severe itches, difficulty in sitting and pain. They are thankfully treatable. Experts aren’t really sure what makes hemorrhoids appear.
Possible factors are:
What causes Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids may be genetically passed from parents to children. If either of your parents have had hemorrhoids, then you have higher chances of getting them. Constant lifting of heavy objects, having continuous body strain or being overweight can put consistent strain on the body and increase the risks of hemorrhoids. Standing for prolonged periods without taking breaks can also result in hemorrhoid formation. Diarrhea and constant anal intercourse also can increase the risks for hemorrhoids. Pregnancy also increases the chances of developing hemorrhoids. The uterus when it enlarges, presses on a vein present in the colon and makes it bulge. A visual exam of the anus suffices for diagnosing hemorrhoids. For confirming the diagnosis, the doctor might do a separate exam to look for any kind of abnormalities in the anus. This is called a digitized rectal exam. The doctor puts in a lubricated and gloved finger on to the rectum in this exam. If they experience any abnormalities, they might ask you to get an extra test done, known as a sigmoidoscopy. Your doctor will use a tiny camera to look for internal hemorrhoids in a sigmoidoscopy. This tiny fiber optic camera known as a sigmoidoscope is fitted into a narrow tube and is then inserted into the rectum. Using this test, the doctor can get a clear vision of the insides of the rectum so as to examine the hemorrhoid closely. To avoid straining the hemorrhoid, you should avoid putting pressure during bowel movements. Also, try increasing the daily water intake. Drinking sufficient water can prevent the stool from becoming too hard. Regular exercise should be done to prevent constipation. Consuming foods which have a high dietary fiber content can reduce the risks of possible hemorrhoid formation later on. You would notice better bowel movements after proper treatment. Following the doctor’s advice and being regular about certain habits can also help in the overall treatment and prevention of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids or piles are diagnosed by swelling of veins in the lower part of anus and rectum. Due to swelling, the walls of rectum and anus are stretched and thus become irritated. Hemorrhoids are of two types: Internal and External hemorrhoids.
Internal Haemorrhoids: As the name suggests, the piles are not visible from outside. These are present deep inside the rectum, located above the pectinate line and these are covered with the cells that are present through the rest of intestines. Internal hemorrhoids are normally painless. The first sign of internal hemorrhoids is rectal bleeding. However, straining can push internalhemorrhoid and it protrudes through the anus and this can be painful.
Causes of Haemorrhoids
The swelling of hemorrhoid occurs only when the pressure in the small vessels of rectum and anus is increased and is engorged with blood. The size of the hemorrhoids is also increased. The increased pressure may be due to various factors:
Signs and Symptoms of Haemorrhoids:
Treatment of Haemorrhoids
Minimally Invasive Procedure for Hemorrhoids (MIPH)
Out of the various types of medical and surgical interventions available to treat Piles, Minimally Invasive Procedure for Hemorrhoids (MIPH) 0r painless stapler surgery is known to be very popular since it acts an alternative approach to surgical interventions made for piles.
MIPH is defined as a minimally invasive surgical technique in which a band of loose or prolapsed mucosa and sub mucosa in the rectum is excised, proximal to the piles and disrupted mucosa is fixed by ‘stapled end to end mucosal anastomosis.
This will ultimately occlude the blood supply to the superior hemorrhoidal artery above the hemorrhoidal tissue, resulting in the retraction of prolapsed mucosa back to its original anatomical position. A special circular stapler known as PPHO3 is used in the anastomosis and the whole maneuver will take around 30–45 minutes. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The symptoms of haemorrhoids are quite painful, annoying, and uncomfortable, whether they are internal (inside the rectum) or external (outside the rectum). Most of the people having haemorrhoids recover from the symptoms with some mild treatment options such as applying some creams and ointments, drinking plenty of water or eating a fibre diet. But if the symptoms become severe, resulting in more complications that can’t be treated with mild treatment options, then surgery is recommended.
Following are some important reasons to go for haemorrhoid surgery:
Types of haemorrhoid surgeries:
The two most common types of surgeries performed nowadays to treat haemorrhoids include:
There are various factors that a doctor considers while deciding on the right surgical treatment option for haemorrhoids. The degree of the symptoms, place, type of haemorrhoids, diagnosis and the individual patient’s conditions are determined before deciding to go for a haemorrhoid surgery. Hence, it is crucial that you discuss the treatment options with a specialist to get the best possible recovery. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Your body starts sending signals well before a condition can assume a critical state, and hence it becomes essential to listen to your body to avoid getting into complications. Internal haemorrhoids, less painful than external haemorrhoids, can worsen over time if left untreated and can result in bleeding.
The term haemorrhoids, commonly known as piles, refer to inflamed and swollen veins in the anus and the rectum that cause bleeding and discomfort, especially during sitting and bowel movements. When the blood veins inside of the rectum become engorged and swollen, it is referred to as internal haemorrhoid.
When internal haemorrhoids take moderate to severe form, they require surgery. Here is a closer look at the surgical options available for treating internal haemorrhoids.
A gastroenterology surgeon can determine the suitable surgery option only after a thorough analysis of one's physical health, and the condition and complications of the internal haemorrhoids. While sometimes, laparoscopic surgeries do help, for some a more traditional open kind of internal haemorrhoid surgery may become necessary. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The anus is a highly vascular area, and these blood vessels dilate, leading to a condition called hemorrhoids, which are external and protrude into the anus (external) or into the rectum (internal). While most hemorrhoids are self-limiting and can be managed with conservative care, about 10% to 20% of the hemorrhoids may require surgical removal.
When is surgery needed?
Types of surgery required
The exact location of the hemorrhoid and the severity will dictate the type of surgery required. Read on to know some of the common techniques are used to treat hemorrhoids.
Post surgery, there could be rectal pain and discomfort. In addition, the patient should drink water adequately, eat a high-fiber diet, and use a stool softener to prevent recurrence. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Hemorrhoids are commonly known as piles. They are swollen blood vessels or blood clots in or around the anus and rectum. The veins are located in the lowest part of the rectum and the anus and in some instances they can swell which makes the vein walls to stretch. This, in turn, can restrict or irritate the passing of the bowel movements. Piles can be broadly classified into two general categories internal and external.
While there are many treatment plans of curing piles, nothing can come near the age-old treatments in curing piles. The treatment focuses on curing the symptoms from within and concentrates on the root cause of the problem. This makes it more efficient as far as the treatment is considered and it drastically reduces the chances of haemorrhoids from occurring again. While there are some medications as a part of treatments, it is also mandatory that one must follow a strict diet regime for the treatment to be a success. The diet rule is also very much needed for the treatment to be a success.
Let us look at the diet plan that is needed for a treatment against piles/Fistula. You can consult with your doctor to get to know more about this.
Impartant food items you must note
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
What is Hemorrhoids?
Possible factors are:
What causes Hemorrhoids?