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Last Updated: Jan 29, 2020
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Hemorrhoids - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

About Types Symptoms Causes Cure Medications Surgery Duration Food to avoid Prevention Home remedies

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are most commonly known as piles. It causes due to chronic constipation and tight stools. This leads to inflammation and irritation of veins attached in the lower areas of the anus and rectum when the walls of these areas are stretched. There are various causes, although most of the time the cause remains unknown. The result may come because of stress taking place during solid discharges or from the increased weight on these veins during pregnancy. They might be situated inside the rectum, or they may create under the skin near the anus.

Almost three out of four adults will have once in a while. Sometimes they don't cause side effects yet on different occasions they cause tingling, distress, and dying. Every so often, coagulation may frame in hemorrhoid . These are not perilous but rather can be incredibly painful and some of the time should be discomfort and depleted. Luckily, numerous successful choices are accessible to treat them. Numerous individuals can get relief from side effects with home remedies and way of life changes.

What are the types of hemorrhoids?

These are classified into two types as described below:

  • Internal hemorrhoids: Usually found inside the rectum. Frequently, the principal sign is rectal bleeding. Stressing during stools pushes internally as it passes through the anus. This is known as a distending or prolapsed condition and it can be painful.
  • External hemorrhoids: Generally found under the skin around the rear-end of the anus. Putting pressure when passing stool may cause them to bleed because of a lot of pressure in veins.

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?

When a person is suffering from the condition of hemorrhoids then he/she might experience the following signs and symptoms. These might also be dependent on the type of hemorrhoid a person is suffering from.

External hemorrhoids: This type of hemorrhoids occurs under the skin near the anus. The symptoms experienced are:

  • A person might bleed.
  • There may be swelling around the anus of the person.
  • There might be torment and inconvenience too.
  • A person might feel itching and irritation in the anal region.

Internal hemorrhoids:These types of hemorrhoids are present within the rectum of the person. They cannot be seen or felt. There may some painless bleeding when a person is having a bowel movement.

Thrombosed hemorrhoids: The signs and symptoms of this type of hemorrhoids are:

  • Inflammation
  • A lump near the anus
  • Swelling
  • Severe pain

What causes hemorrhoids?

Development of the veins around the rear-end causes hemorrhoids. It can take place for the accompanying reasons:

  • Pregnancy: They happen all the more regularly in pregnant ladies in light of the fact that, as the uterus extends, it pushes on the vein in the colon, making it swell.
  • Ageing: These are noticed to appear among grown-ups. The age group can be classified in 45 to 65 years. This does not mean, in any case, that youngsters and kids don't get them.
  • Diarrhoea: These can happen after instances of incessant the runs.
  • Chronic constipation: Putting pressure to move stool puts extra weight on the dividers of the veins.
  • Sitting risks: Sitting in the same position for a long time. The cases are known to be noticed particularly with people with professions of driving, tailoring and IT.
  • Heavy lifting: Repeatedly lifting substantial items.
  • Anal intercourse: This type of intercourse can cause new ones or exacerbate existing ones.
  • Weight: Diet-related corpulence.
  • Genetics: Some individuals acquire inclination form genes.

How are hemorrhoids diagnosed?

Your specialist might be able to check just by seeing the spot if you have an external one. Tests and techniques to analyze internal ones may incorporate an examination of your butt-centric trench and rectum:

  • Computerized examination: During a computerized rectal examination, your specialist embeds a gloved, moisturized finger into your rectum. To make the patient feel for anything bizarre i.e developments. This test can recommend a specialist for any other examination.
  • Visual review: During a rectal examination, internal ones are generally difficult to be felt. Your specialist may likewise look at the end section of your rectum and colon with a proctoscope and anoscope. Your specialist might need to look at your whole colon utilizing colonoscopy.

How to cure hemorrhoids?

There are numerous surgical and non-surgical methods used to treat according to the severity and position of the growth. They are listed as follows:

Non-Surgical methods to treat hemorrhoids:

  • Doing Exercise.
  • Following the appropriate diet.
  • Using Stool Softeners.
  • Taking Warm Sitz Baths.
  • Creams, ointments, and suppositories.

Surgical methods to treat hemorrhoids:

  • Using the scalpel to cut the area.
  • Gently pushing them with constant pressure.
  • Removed hemorrhoid with a small incision.

What medications are used to treat hemorrhoids?

There are numerous products prescribed by doctors to treat hemorrhoids. Some of the most common products are listed as:

  • Doctor Butler’s: Helps to reduce burning, itching, bleeding.
  • Thena Natural Wellness: Sitz bath is done by using this soak.
  • Hem Control capsules: It is an alternative of creams, ointments, or other treatments.
  • Tronolane Hemorrhoid Cream- it works as astringent to heal and diminishes soreness, itching and pain.
  • Motherlove Organic Rhoid Balm- it is a particular user as an ointment for pregnant women.
  • Donut Tailbone Cushion-this cushion is specially designed for people suffering from hemorrhoids.

Will surgery cure hemorrhoids?

During a medical procedure, most of the times issues are fixed. The long term achievement of the medical procedure depends on bowel habits to prevent constipation to evade obstruction and stressing. Only 5% of individuals have recurrence even after a medical procedure.

How long do hemorrhoids last?

There is no particular duration set for their existence. Usually, external or large ones may cause huge torment, inconvenience and take more time to mend. A small one may clear up in a couple of days with no treatment. It is advised to consult a doctor at the initial stage to get rid of hemorrhoids in 48 hours.

What food to avoid in hemorrhoids?

If a person is suffering from the condition of hemorrhoids then he/she must avoid the following foods.

  • Processed meat: When meat is processed then it means a lot of preservatives are added which can have a very harmful effect on the digestive tract of a person.
  • Polished rice: People eat polished rice which is completely white and is stripped of all the fiber and nutrition. If rice is polished then it is full of starch. It means they are completely filled with carbohydrates which can lead to constipation.
  • Deep-fried food: Avoid eating food products that are deep-fried as they not only deprived of all the nutritional value but they are also harmful to the liver.
  • Dairy: If a person is in a habit of using skim milk then it may lead to constipation which is not good if a person is suffering from the problem of hemorrhoids.
  • Caffeinated food: a person should completely avoid beverages like tea, coffee, and colas if he/she is suffering from the problem of the piles.

How to prevent hemorrhoids?

These are the few preventive measures to be taken to avoid getting hemorrhoids. Along with these you can follow guided home remedies and Diet plans to get rid of hemorrhoids.

  • Eat fibre: A decent method to get it is from plant sustenances - vegetables, beans, nuts, organic products, beans, entire grains, seeds.
  • Drink water: It will enable you to maintain a strategic distance from hard stools and stoppage, so you strain less during solid discharges. Products of the soil, which have fibre, additionally have water in them.
  • Exercise: Physical action, such as strolling a half-hour consistently, is another approach to keep your blood and your guts moving.
  • A person should avoid sitting on the toilets for too long as sitting on the toilet for too long increases the pressure on the veins that are present in the anus.
  • In the event that an individual is stressing and holding the breath so as to pass the stool then it makes massive weight on the veins in the lower rectum.
  • If a person is feeling the urge to pass the bowel movement then he/she should do it. A person should not wait to pass the bowel movement.
  • A person should stay active so that he/she does not suffer from the condition of constipation.

What home remedies for hemorrhoids?

Some of the home remedies which can be very helpful in alleviating the symptoms of the hemorrhoids are given below

  • Witch hazel: Application of witch hazel on the hemorrhoids not only reduces itching but it also reduces pain as it is filled with anti-inflammatory properties. This could lead to a reduction in the swelling.
  • Aloe Vera: It is believed that aloe vera has exceptional anti-inflammatory properties which help in the reduction of the irritation due to hemorrhoids.
  • Over the counter ointments: A person can use over the counter ointments for providing immediate relief from the symptoms of the hemorrhoids.
  • Soothing wipes: If a person suffering from the hemorrhoids uses normal toilet paper then it might aggravate the condition. Using wipes can be an excellent way of reducing this irritation.
  • Cold compress: For the large and painful hemorrhoids applying ice packs can be an effective treatment. The ice should be wrapped in a towel or cloth and must be applied.
  • Warm bath: A person suffering from the condition of hemorrhoids must take a warm bath as it helps in soothing the irritation of the hemorrhoids.

In the event that an individual is stressing and holding the breath so as to pass the stool then it makes massive weight on the veins in the lower rectum.

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Popular Questions & Answers

I am 60 retired man. Earlier suffered fistula problem. Got thread surgery from leading govt. Hospital and fully cured but constipation problem is there. To correct that regularly taking aayurvedic laxatives. Since a months, noticed 4-5 small pimples outside around anal area with no irritation, pain so far. There is fear that again that fistula/fissure problem may not reoccur. Use to apply anovate tube in and outside to avoid any reassurance. Please help me by telling treatment. I shall be grateful.

MS, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Surgeon, Howrah
As you are describing the problem is due to constipation:- drink plenty of fluids, have high fibre diet, use laxative; plus do sitz bath with lukewarm water 3-4 times daily and change the cream from anovate to anobliss ointment. Apply anobliss oin...
1 person found this helpful

Mujhe piles ki problem hai main specialist se treatment karwa rahi thi but covid k wajha se abhi ja nahi sakti to unki medicine continue kar rahi hu ciplox, seroz- d, flamheal fort tablet etc. But problem is that ki ye mujhe medicine leti hu thik lagta hai baad me phirse same problem. Please tell me kya karu.

MCh(Minimally Invasive & Robotic Surgery), MS - Surgical, MBBS
General Surgeon, Guwahati
Hi madam. Will it be possible for you to send a pic of the area for visual examination. Normally, we treat piles with laxatives, hot sitz bath nad application of ointment. I will suggest you to avoid two things. One. Is constipation and the other ...

Sir good morning I am having anal fissure can I use diltigesic cream I am heart patient and diabetes please suggest me sir.

MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS), Diploma in Advanced Laparoscopic surgery, Training in Laparoscopy, Advanced training in laparoscopic hernia surgery, Fellowship in advanced proctology
General Surgeon, Srinagar
Hello dear. You are doing the right treatment. In addition avoid red meat and spices. Take lots of fluids and veggies. Do sits baths with warm water thrice a day. Take softolax granules with water bed time. If the fissure doesn't heal by 3 weeks, ...

Hi, I am using cremaffin plus (laxative) to help my anal fissure for 2.5 weeks now. Is there time limit for me to stop using it before my body gets used to it?

MBBS, MS general surgery
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
Hi, cremaffin plus can be continued, it just make your stools soft, you can slowly decrease amount your taking gradually try to stop it. Sudden stoppage can lead to constipation and fissure again as your with fissure this condition is highly recur...

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