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Hemorrhoids - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Swollen veins near the lower rectum or the anus are known as hemorrhoids. More than half of all adults experience hemorrhoids or its symptoms before turning 50. They may be external or internal. External hemorrhoids form outside the anus, while internal hemorrhoids form within the rectum or anus. Hemorrhoids can also be called piles. External hemorrhoids can be the most troublesome and are the commonest kind. Hemorrhoids cause severe itches, difficulty in sitting and pain. They are thankfully treatable. Experts aren’t really sure what makes hemorrhoids appear.

Possible factors are:

  • Being strained during bowel movements.
  • Complications during chronic constipation
  • Sitting for long time periods, especially on toilets
  • A familial history for hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids may be genetically passed from parents to children. If either of your parents have had hemorrhoids, then you have higher chances of getting them. Constant lifting of heavy objects, having continuous body strain or being overweight can put consistent strain on the body and increase the risks of hemorrhoids. Standing for prolonged periods without taking breaks can also result in hemorrhoid formation. Diarrhea and constant anal intercourse also can increase the risks for hemorrhoids. Pregnancy also increases the chances of developing hemorrhoids. The uterus when it enlarges, presses on a vein present in the colon and makes it bulge. A visual exam of the anus suffices for diagnosing hemorrhoids. For confirming the diagnosis, the doctor might do a separate exam to look for any kind of abnormalities in the anus. This is called a digitized rectal exam. The doctor puts in a lubricated and gloved finger on to the rectum in this exam. If they experience any abnormalities, they might ask you to get an extra test done, known as a sigmoidoscopy. Your doctor will use a tiny camera to look for internal hemorrhoids in a sigmoidoscopy. This tiny fiber optic camera known as a sigmoidoscope is fitted into a narrow tube and is then inserted into the rectum. Using this test, the doctor can get a clear vision of the insides of the rectum so as to examine the hemorrhoid closely. To avoid straining the hemorrhoid, you should avoid putting pressure during bowel movements. Also, try increasing the daily water intake. Drinking sufficient water can prevent the stool from becoming too hard. Regular exercise should be done to prevent constipation. Consuming foods which have a high dietary fiber content can reduce the risks of possible hemorrhoid formation later on. You would notice better bowel movements after proper treatment. Following the doctor’s advice and being regular about certain habits can also help in the overall treatment and prevention of hemorrhoids.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Extreme itching around the anus. Irritation and pain around the anus. Painful bowel movements. Blood leakage after having a bowel movement.

Popular Health Tips

Piles, Fistula & Fissure- Healing by Ayurveda!

Dr. Ashutosh Srivastava 85% (49 ratings)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
Piles, Fistula & Fissure- Healing by Ayurveda!
Piles, fistula and fissures are the most common problems affecting the rectum and the anus. Both the rectum as well as the anus has a very rich vascular supply. There could be swelling of these blood vessels or tearing which can lead to the above conditions. Read on to know additional details about each of these conditions. Piles: In simple words, swollen blood vessels of the anal region are called piles. It can be internal or external, depending on how far it is from the anal canal. If it is located farther inside the anal canal, it is called internal piles. Causes: Chronic constipation, where the person has to strain to pass stools Smoking and genetics can also lead to piles. Symptoms: Starts off as painless bleeding, which happens in drops after bowel movement; the swelling happens much later. They can continue to grow and develop blood clots. Treatment: In the early stages, once identified, simple topical medications for symptom relief are sufficient. Diet should be rich in fiber, with fruits and vegetables Increased water consumption Surgery if the disease has reached the stage of blood clots Prevention is advised if there is a family history by consuming a fiber-rich diet and maintaining hydration Fistula: When an infected anal gland bursts into the anal canal, it constantly discharges pus into the anal canal and becomes a fistula. Hygienic toilet habits can help in preventing fistulas. Symptoms: A constant wet feeling in the anal area, due to pus discharge. This would be intermittent, and there would be periods with no discharge. There could be a foul smell due to pus discharge. Diagnosis and Treatment: Identifying the exact location is important as surgery may be required. An ultrasound scan or an MRI is usually done. Newer techniques like Video Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment (VAAFT) are used. This locates the piles accurately and uses electric current to seal it with staples and surgical glue. Conventional surgery is also used for economic or accessibility reasons. Fissures: These cracks anywhere in the length of the anal canal are extremely common. Symptoms Very painful and the person may not want to go to the toilet Rarely bleeding is also seen, maybe in very small amounts Treatment: Over 90% of the fissures do not require surgery Switching to a high-fiber diet and improving hydration will help in managing these symptoms. Topical relief can be provided by medications. When they are recurrent, a procedure known as lateral sphincterotomy is done. This is an outpatient procedure and provides immediate relief. Though one condition can lead to another, in most people, there is a strong genetic component, and working towards prevention is highly recommended.
1734 people found this helpful

Piles - Why Homeopathic Treatment Is The Best For It?

Dr. Sanket Gupta 88% (68 ratings)
BHMS, MD-Homeopathy, PGPC - Preventive Cardiology
Homeopath, Delhi
Piles - Why Homeopathic Treatment Is The Best For It?
As our lifestyle and living habits change, we experience a lot of new phenomena and changes in our body systems. One of the biggest changes that we can actually see is the change in the digestive system and the regularity or the irregularity of our stools. When we eat healthy and lead an active lifestyle, we are more likely to have a better digestive system, whereas if we eat more junk or take meals at irregular timings and do not set a system for the body, we put it at great risk of diseases and health issues. One of the most common problems that a lot of people face is constipation. While constipation in itself may be tackled without much problem, the real issue arises when it turns into something more troublesome such as piles. The issue of piles arises when the veins in the anal region start to swell because of a disturbed blood flow. The swollen regions and the lack of fibre in the stools combine to make the process of passing stools very uncomfortable, painful and it may also lead to the bleeding of the anus. Treating the issue of piles: Piles is a health problem that is mainly supported and aggravated because of wrong eating habits, sedentary lifestyle and excessive constipation. One of the most important things that you can do in the course of getting the problem under control is to start eating right. Eating foods with high fibre content and foods that speed up the digestive systems may go a long way in easing out the pain. It may also be important to keep liquid intake under check so that more and more liquid and other healthy drinks are consumed. Choosing to exercise regularly and indulging in workouts that help keep the intestines strong are the best alternatives. Apart from things that you can do on your own, it may also be important to make sure that you take the right professional medical help. When you have the best help on your side you may be able to make sure that you get the issue treated within a short span of time without having to suffer greatly. However, it is also essential to make sure that the best type of treatment is chosen. In most cases, choosing Homeopathy for treatment may be your best bet. When you opt for homeopathy for piles, you may be able to treat the issue without having to use chemically charged and loaded antibiotics and it may be an easier route to a healthy living. Why take homeopathic treatment? The reason why homeopathy is most demanded in the case of piles is because of the fact that conventional medication may lead you to go through surgery for getting relief from the issue. Not only does a surgery increase the burden of increased finances, but also means that it is physically more straining. While homeopathy offers natural and chemical free medicines that treat the root cause of the disease.
4873 people found this helpful

Know More About Piles

Dr. Sumit Dhawan 88% (543 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
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Causes, symptoms and prevention of Piles

5 Reasons Why Farting Is Good For You!

Dr. Ramneek Varma 89% (335 ratings)
MD-Internal Medicine , MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
5 Reasons Why Farting Is Good For You!
While the very mention of the word Farting makes some of you cringe and cover your nose, you can t ignore the sheer obviousness of the whole process. It is as natural as eating, drinking, sleeping & other daily habits you associate yourself with. Farting occurs mainly when air is trapped within your body. Air might be swallowed during eating or from intestinal gas and chemical reactions in the stomach. In hindsight, farting can be a good thing. Don t think so? Here are 5 reasons for you to believe that farting is actually wonderful and not as gross as you think it might be: The hydrogen sulphide present in the fart is poisonous and smelly, but if used in small amount, is known to be beneficial in the prevention of heart disorders and strokes. The smelling farts containing hydrogen sulphide, which is known to be useful for slowing down the ageing process Farting, openly and without inhibition, while being in a relationship can actually be considered as taking a step forward in terms of honesty and comfort in the relationship. If you can share the process with your other half without hesitation and can accept the pungency that comes with it, then the relationship is definitely working well. Farting can work as a self-defensive mechanism, as proved by recent researchers. Holding your fart for a long time might cause uncomfortable conditions, such as bloated bowel movements and haemorrhoids. No matter how much you hold them, the farts will release themselves once you re relaxed, especially when you re sleeping. Bottom-line: Just let it go!!

Piles - How Unani Treatment Can Help?

Dr. A Z Khan 89% (196 ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Unani Specialist, Gaya
Piles - How Unani Treatment Can Help?
A condition when tiny outgrowths are formed in the gastrointestinal region or anus is known as piles. Anybody can suffer from this painful disorder as such a condition arises only if an individual follows unhealthy daily food habits, faulty lifestyle or if he or she has constipation. Excessive stress is also another factor for the occurrence of piles. A person can experience intolerable pain due to piles, especially at the time of the passing of stool. Though people do not consider piles to be a severe health issue, those who suffer from this condition knows how difficult it is to withstand such pain and irritation. Unani treatment or Unani medicines are highly beneficial in treating and dealing with piles. It is natural, cost- effective and also with no side- effects. Piles treatment with Unani medicines Effective paste for external application: One of the most effective and natural remedies is by preparing a mixture of catechu and soap nut. For trying this treatment, you need to grind equal amounts of soap nut or reetha and catechu for forming a powder. Just half gram of this natural powder needs to be applied on piles. Similarly, another paste is also helpful in the treatment of piles which has to be prepared by grinding hemp or bhang leaves, and Persian Lilac or Bakain leaves. After this, the appropriately mixed paste must be applied for providing quick relief from such intolerable pain. This particular medicine of Unani treatment is known to give extensive relief to people who are suffering from piles. Remedy using neem leaves: The importance and significance of Neem leaves are known to almost all people. Besides other helpful features of those leaves, one more advantage of neem leaves is that they are also a part of Unani treatment for treating piles. Firstly, you need to wash nearly 200 gram of neem leaves properly and then extract juice from them. After the extraction is done, you have to boil the juice and then strain it. The next step is to mix barberry leaves' extract with the extracted neem juice. After cooling down the mixture, you need to make small sized pills. Experts advise consuming a total number of 2 pills twice each day. Butter, camphor & galls to the rescue: Another effective means of getting rid of the pain due to piles is by applying a combined mixture of camphor, butter, and galls. For preparing this mixture, 4 gram of Mazu or galls, 12-gram butter and about 2 gram of camphor is required. The first step is to grind camphor and galls and then mix it with butter. Applying this mixture for getting relief from piles is actually beneficial. There are very effective remedies available in Unani for piles treatment. It is best to consult a Unani practitioner and follow his or her advice to avail relief and cure.
5100 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have hemorrides problem and I felt very difficulties in passing stool and not pass stool and found small anal fissure, mild proctitis, grade 1 internal and external mass+ hemmorides please suggest me something.

Dr. Bhagyesh Patel 93% (2479 ratings)
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Respected lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* This needs multi modality management as - Drink plenty of liquids.- Soft, light diet.- Avoid oily, spicy,non veg, hot beverages.- High fiber diet to get soft stools.- Tab. Ibuprofen as pain killer.- Ispaghula husk for getting soft stools.- Xylocaine (5 %) jelly application over the local area.- Sitz bath (sitting in tub filled with lukewarm water 5 minutes each 3 times a day, additionally after passing stools)- Avoid smoking, alcohol if doing.- Avoid stress, anxiety Hope this will help you for sure. Welcome for any further assistance. Thanks dear regards take care.

Sometime I feel like gay and sometimes feel I am good and healthy person .I am suffering from pain in my anal due to pile at 5 year and their treatment is continue.

Dr. Bhagyesh Patel 93% (2479 ratings)
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Respected Kumar hi This is in relation with inner conflict of subcouncious mind. You need relaxation techniques , deep breathing exercises , YOGA , concentration sessions to build your inner conscience . So far as anal pain is concerned take care to avoid hard stools. Hope this will help you for sure . Welcome for any further assistance . Thanks dear regards take care .

I think I am suffering from piles because someday early morning motion is mixed with blood so I ate onion with butter milk in early morning then piles cured but it come back repeatedly once months. L hope is permanently stop this piles so can you suggest what I should be done.

Dr. Apoorv Goel 93% (1371 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FIAGES(Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery), FMAS (Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery)
General Surgeon, Ghaziabad
Hello lybrate-user. See your problem is fissure not piles. You are likely suffering from reccurent anal fissure. Kindly follow these instructions: 1. Avoid spicy/oily/junk food. 2. Drink plenty of water / eat green vegetables/ salad and fruits 3. Do sitz bath (hot foamentation for anal area by stitting in a tub filled with luke warm water for 15-20 min thrice a day) 4. Do not strain during motions. For medications you consult me online. Thanks.

Hi, sir mujhe bawaseer hai aur abhi pichle 3 Dino se mujhe potty thodi si AATI HAI aur mai abhyaarisht PE raha hu to kya mujhe ultrasound karana chayiye.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (4004 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Ek bar Kara Lena behtar he. Aur agar ap chahe to iske liye homoeopathic treatment Kara sakte hai. Usse issme permanent solution la sakte he. Consult through Lybrate.

Sir I have doubt that I am suffered with pile. How will I get confirmed. I feel pain in my stool passage path.

Dr. Rushali Angchekar 95% (49986 ratings)
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
Hemorrhoids cause pain, severe itching, and difficulty sitting. Consistent heavy lifting, being obese, or having other constant strain on your body can increase your risk of piles .

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Living with Piles
Causes and home remedies for Piles Good morning. Mera naam hai Dr. Amol Bamane aur ami Ras Yog Ayurveda ka founder hum. Aaj mai aapko piles k baare mein information dene wala hun. Piles is nothing but an inflammation of veins around the rectum. To rectum k jo bahari skin hai ya andruni skin hai to waha k veins jo hai usme inflammation hota hai. Iss mein 2 type k inflammation hote hai. Ek mein andruni side se inflammation hota hai aur ek mein bahar k side se rectum mein inflammation hota hai. Agar andruni side se inflammation hota hai to waha pe discomfort rehta hai aur bahar k side se agar inflammation hota hai rectum mein to waha pe bleeding dikhta hai, pain rehta hai aur patients jo hai wo complain karte hai burning sensation ka waha pe. To patients isse bohot pareshaan bhi rehte hai aur severe pain rehta hai. Iss k causes hai chronic constipation, diarrhoea aur jo garvavati stree jo hai unme pressure padhne k wajah se bhi piles generate ho jaata hai aur heavy weight lifters jo hai unka bhi history dekha jai to unme bhi piles ka percentage zyada dikhta hai. To ye saare piles k causes hai. Iss k liye ek home remedy ye hai k aap radish lijiye, usko acche se crush kare, usme thoda milk milaiye aur paste banaiye. Usse aap apply kijiye local jagah pe, jis jagah pe affect hua hai aur 15-20min baad use dho le. Isse aap ko piles k liye accha relief milega. Iss k liye dusra home remedy ye hai k aap cumin seeds lijiye ek chammach aur use acche se crush kijiye, usme thoda sa paani milaiye aur uska paste banaiye. Paste banane k baad wo local area pe, affected area pe aap wo paste laga lijiye aur 15-20min baad use wash kar lijiye. Isse bhi aap ko aaram mil jayega. Iss k liye teesra home remedy jo mai aap ko batane wala hun jo accha kargar hai wo hai aap ek chammach ginger paste lijiye, usme 2 chammach aap mint leaves lijiye. Dono ko acche se crush kijiye uska thoda sa extract aap nikaliye paani daal k aur uske baad aap usme lemon juice lijiye do chammach aur ek chammach honey lijiye. Ye sab mix kijiye acche se aur din mein 2 baar ye lijiye, ye bohot hi labh dayak hoga aur isse waha jo pain hai, constipation hai wo kaam hone mein madad hogi. Iss wishai mein adhiktam jankaari k liye aap pe jaa k mujhe consult bhi kar skate hai.
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