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Overview

Hemorrhoids - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Swollen veins near the lower rectum or the anus are known as hemorrhoids. More than half of all adults experience hemorrhoids or its symptoms before turning 50. They may be external or internal. External hemorrhoids form outside the anus, while internal hemorrhoids form within the rectum or anus. Hemorrhoids can also be called piles. External hemorrhoids can be the most troublesome and are the commonest kind. Hemorrhoids cause severe itches, difficulty in sitting and pain. They are thankfully treatable. Experts aren’t really sure what makes hemorrhoids appear.

Possible factors are:

  • Being strained during bowel movements.
  • Complications during chronic constipation
  • Sitting for long time periods, especially on toilets
  • A familial history for hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids may be genetically passed from parents to children. If either of your parents have had hemorrhoids, then you have higher chances of getting them. Constant lifting of heavy objects, having continuous body strain or being overweight can put consistent strain on the body and increase the risks of hemorrhoids. Standing for prolonged periods without taking breaks can also result in hemorrhoid formation. Diarrhea and constant anal intercourse also can increase the risks for hemorrhoids. Pregnancy also increases the chances of developing hemorrhoids. The uterus when it enlarges, presses on a vein present in the colon and makes it bulge. A visual exam of the anus suffices for diagnosing hemorrhoids. For confirming the diagnosis, the doctor might do a separate exam to look for any kind of abnormalities in the anus. This is called a digitized rectal exam. The doctor puts in a lubricated and gloved finger on to the rectum in this exam. If they experience any abnormalities, they might ask you to get an extra test done, known as a sigmoidoscopy. Your doctor will use a tiny camera to look for internal hemorrhoids in a sigmoidoscopy. This tiny fiber optic camera known as a sigmoidoscope is fitted into a narrow tube and is then inserted into the rectum. Using this test, the doctor can get a clear vision of the insides of the rectum so as to examine the hemorrhoid closely. To avoid straining the hemorrhoid, you should avoid putting pressure during bowel movements. Also, try increasing the daily water intake. Drinking sufficient water can prevent the stool from becoming too hard. Regular exercise should be done to prevent constipation. Consuming foods which have a high dietary fiber content can reduce the risks of possible hemorrhoid formation later on. You would notice better bowel movements after proper treatment. Following the doctor’s advice and being regular about certain habits can also help in the overall treatment and prevention of hemorrhoids.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Extreme itching around the anus. Irritation and pain around the anus. Painful bowel movements. Blood leakage after having a bowel movement.

Popular Health Tips

Laser For Treating Piles And Fistula - A New Dimension!

Dr. Vaibhav Kapoor's 90% (124 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FIAGES
General Surgeon, Gurgaon
Laser For Treating Piles And Fistula - A New Dimension!
Proctology refers to the study of the structure and diseases of the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon. Laser surgery in proctology field enables excellent cutting, limiting thermal damage to the surrounding tissues reducing the post-operative pains. Piles are also called hemorrhoids. They are swellings in blood vessels found in or around the rectum and anus. Piles manifest symptoms like bleeding after passing stool, itchy bottom, hemorrhoid mass hangs out of the anus that pushes back in after passing of stool (prolapse), a mucus discharge, soreness, redness and swelling around the anus. Proctology conditions like piles might not be life-threatening, but they re associated with poor quality of life and embarrassment. Laser Treatment for Piles Piles are classified into grades based on their severity. Grade one is the initial stage where a person has bleeding or itching but no prolapse. At this stage conservative measures are recommended. In grade two, the mass of hemorrhoids begins prolapse during defecation but goes back in, on completion of the act. In Grade three, the prolapsed haemorrhoidal mass does not go back on its own, and manually pushed back. LHP is recommended for early stages of Grade 3; however, stapler surgery is recommended for advanced stages. The LHP process A laser fiber is passed through the anal opening and laser energy is applied to the haemorrhoidal mass. The controlled emission of laser energy reaches the submucosa zone, causing the haemorrhoidal mass to shrink. Fibrosis reconstruction generates new connective tissue, ensuring the mucosa adheres to the underlying tissue preventing the recurrence of prolapse. Benefits Reduced pain, faster healing, higher outcome, and shorter procedures. Optimal treatment and outcomes. Presets enabling ease of use improved surgical control and accurate dosage. Requires no incisions and suturing. The procedure leaves no foreign material in the body.
2 people found this helpful

Advanced Minimally Invasive Treatment for Piles, Fistula

Dr. Ashish Ganatra 88% (11 ratings)
M.S
General Surgeon, Rajkot
Advanced Minimally Invasive Treatment for Piles, Fistula
Fistula is an infective disease of anal canal which can not be cured by antibiotics as it always have an internal opening in anal canal. So, it requires some form of surgical treatment. With advancement of technology and better understanding of the disease, now various minimally invasive or non invasive procedures are available for fistula treatmenr like plig, lift, clip, vaaft tropis. At sarvottam surgical hospital, a centre of excellence for advanced minimally invasive procedures for piles, fissure, fistula prolapse, all procedures are day care with better results. There are no dressings required and patient can start working within 3-4 days. There is no fear of incontinence.

Laser Treatment - New Modality for Piles Surgery

Dr. Vaibhav Kapoor's 90% (124 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FIAGES
General Surgeon, Gurgaon
Laser Treatment - New Modality for Piles Surgery
Planning for a hemorrhoid surgery to cure painful hemorrhoids. Changing lifestyles and home remedies are not enough to comfort painful hemorrhoids or piles. When someone has crossed years of discomfort, surgery is the only option to treat the piles. Laser treatment of piles is one of the most effective ways to treat piles. Let's take a read of the painless laser surgery for piles/ hemorrhoids/ bavasir in gurgaon. New modalities techniques:- Laser treatments for piles
1 person found this helpful

From Piles to Smiles with Laser Treatment

Dr. Vaibhav Kapoor's 90% (124 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FIAGES
General Surgeon, Gurgaon
From Piles to Smiles with Laser Treatment
Planning for treatment of piles: Then plan for a laser treatment or laser hemorrhoid surgery to cure painful hemorrhoids. Changing lifestyles and home remedies are not enough to treat advance stages of piles. Home remedies generally work well in initial stages of piles
3 people found this helpful

Hemorrhoids Surgery - 7 Tips To Help You Recover!

Dr. Srikrishna Das 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Laparoscopic and Robotic Onco-Surgery, Fellowship in bariatric surgery, F.I.A.G.E.S
General Surgeon, Delhi
Hemorrhoids Surgery - 7 Tips To Help You Recover!
Hemmorroids can be really uncomfortable and keep you in pain all through the day. One of the best and fastest way to get relief from this condition is to get them removed for good which can be easily done with the help of the surgery. The recovery period after a hemorrhoid surgery typically varies from one to two weeks depending on a host of aspects such as severity of hemorrhoids, the number of hemorrhoids as well as the type of treatment. During this span, a certain level of pain and discomfort is expected, but with some useful care tips, you can get some relief within a few days after the surgery. Making lifestyle changes: After the surgical intervention, the patient must be on bed rest for a week or so. This is because, during this time, the surgical wounds can reopen at any time if caution is not exercised. If you have excessive body weight, it is recommended that you should lose weight after this surgery. This must be done healthily so that the stress is reduced in the rectum area while an individual squat or sits down. This could lead to the recurrence of hemorrhoids in the long run. After the first few weeks, the patient must take a 10-minute brisk walk regularly. Take painkillers: In case the pain from hemorrhoids worsens after the surgery, you may consider taking painkillers. Many patients tend to use these medications to recover from hemorrhoids surgery, and you should take only prescription drugs only. Keep up with a healthy diet: You should make it a habit of eating a high-fiber diet and taking adequate amounts of fluid every day. This will not just accelerate the recovery process but prevent the recurrence of hemorrhoids. For best results, this should be practiced a few weeks before and after the surgery. Try different home remedies: In addition to the common methods of easing pain and discomfort after hemorrhoids surgery, you may also try different types of home remedies. Make sure that the wound is always clean and you can also use gels and creams for minimizing irritation. Alleviate itchiness: During the hemorrhoid surgery recovery, you are likely to experience itchiness which is a characteristic of a recovery period. This is a common symptom of external hemorrhoids, and to reduce it, you can take a sitz bath. Your doctor may also prescribe a topical medication depending on the location and severity of the problem. Educate yourself about the surgery and post-operative care: This is presumably the most important aspect of caring for hemorrhoids surgery. You should learn about the common complications of this surgery and how you can overcome them. Know when you can call a doctor: During the recovery process, it is critical to follow the instructions as given by the doctor. You should maintain the follow-up treatment with your doctor so that you can report him of any health problems and discomfort to take required steps. With care and caution, you may recover easily from hemorrhoid surgery and return to normal life soon.
1875 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Suffering from piles (pain and blood in stool) from last 4 days. In 2014 I got piles problem. Then I went to doctor he given the medicine and with in 2 days I got relief. Now also doctor given same medicine but this time they are not cured. Suffering from pain from last 4 days please help me to get out of this.

Dr. Vaibhav Kapoor's 90% (124 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FIAGES
General Surgeon, Gurgaon
Hi piles can be painful and troublesome .it can lead to bleeding. Conservative measures like taking laxatives, taking certain medications which did and eating high-fibre diet will relieve your problem temporarily. Definitely treatment for piles is surgical management. Laser treatment for piles is definite treatment .it is it is a 10 minute painless procedure, no dressing is required post surgery. you can contact through Lybrate for further details.

Hi I have haemorrhoids with anus pain can I prefer pilex ointment for the same. Please advice.

Dr. Jatin Soni 96% (25749 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
You can use pilex ointment for your symptoms but oral medication also needs to be taken after clinical examination and Avoid spicy food items and not to eat junk food and we also need to avoid peanuts and potatoes in our daily diet

I have piles from last 7 years. A huge mass outside my anus. I am 28 years old female. Having heavy pure red bleeding, passing tight stools and burning sensation on anus.

Dr. Shriniwas Deshpande 92% (732 ratings)
MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Pune
Prolapsed piles is a common finding. Surgery provides excellent treatment for the same. If the prolapsed thrombosed and painful, then initially measures are taken to reduce the swelling. Once the edema subsides, Surgery is advised to remove those piles. Stapler hemorrhoidopexy provides excellent results in selected cases.

Health Quizzes

Piles and Homeopathy

Dr. Alok Kumar 93% (748 ratings)
BHMS, VLIR Belgium, Canadian Academy Of Homeopathy
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Texting while sitting on the toilet can cause you to develop constipation and piles. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

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Play video
Living with Piles
Causes and home remedies for Piles Good morning. Mera naam hai Dr. Amol Bamane aur ami Ras Yog Ayurveda ka founder hum. Aaj mai aapko piles k baare mein information dene wala hun. Piles is nothing but an inflammation of veins around the rectum. To rectum k jo bahari skin hai ya andruni skin hai to waha k veins jo hai usme inflammation hota hai. Iss mein 2 type k inflammation hote hai. Ek mein andruni side se inflammation hota hai aur ek mein bahar k side se rectum mein inflammation hota hai. Agar andruni side se inflammation hota hai to waha pe discomfort rehta hai aur bahar k side se agar inflammation hota hai rectum mein to waha pe bleeding dikhta hai, pain rehta hai aur patients jo hai wo complain karte hai burning sensation ka waha pe. To patients isse bohot pareshaan bhi rehte hai aur severe pain rehta hai. Iss k causes hai chronic constipation, diarrhoea aur jo garvavati stree jo hai unme pressure padhne k wajah se bhi piles generate ho jaata hai aur heavy weight lifters jo hai unka bhi history dekha jai to unme bhi piles ka percentage zyada dikhta hai. To ye saare piles k causes hai. Iss k liye ek home remedy ye hai k aap radish lijiye, usko acche se crush kare, usme thoda milk milaiye aur paste banaiye. Usse aap apply kijiye local jagah pe, jis jagah pe affect hua hai aur 15-20min baad use dho le. Isse aap ko piles k liye accha relief milega. Iss k liye dusra home remedy ye hai k aap cumin seeds lijiye ek chammach aur use acche se crush kijiye, usme thoda sa paani milaiye aur uska paste banaiye. Paste banane k baad wo local area pe, affected area pe aap wo paste laga lijiye aur 15-20min baad use wash kar lijiye. Isse bhi aap ko aaram mil jayega. Iss k liye teesra home remedy jo mai aap ko batane wala hun jo accha kargar hai wo hai aap ek chammach ginger paste lijiye, usme 2 chammach aap mint leaves lijiye. Dono ko acche se crush kijiye uska thoda sa extract aap nikaliye paani daal k aur uske baad aap usme lemon juice lijiye do chammach aur ek chammach honey lijiye. Ye sab mix kijiye acche se aur din mein 2 baar ye lijiye, ye bohot hi labh dayak hoga aur isse waha jo pain hai, constipation hai wo kaam hone mein madad hogi. Iss wishai mein adhiktam jankaari k liye aap librate.com pe jaa k mujhe consult bhi kar skate hai.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice