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Infertility Treatment - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Infertility refers to the condition where a couple is unable to become parents even after unprotected sex for almost a year. It could be due to certain medical conditions that the woman is affected, conditions related to menstruation, problems in the fallopian tube or the inability of the ovaries to produce an egg. At times, the problem could be in the men's reproductive system, like low sperm count. The risk of infertility is more in:

  • People who have been diagnosed with certain cancers or other medical conditions like lupus (a condition where the immune system will attack its own tissues) that can affect fertility.
  • People who are addicted to smoking as it reduces the chances of pregnancy.
  • Alcohol may be a contributing factor for infertility.
  • Obesity, due to an unhealthy lifestyle. The sperm count of a man is affected if he is overweight.
  • Women who are underweight due to a restrictive or low-calorie diet.

There are a number of therapies that are safe as well as effective that in improving your chances of conceiving, ensuring that you have a biological child of your own. The treatment for infertility basically depends on certain factors like:

  • The reason that is causing the problem of infertility.
  • The duration of the time of you being infertile.
  • The ages of both you and your partner.
  • Your personal preferences.

How is the treatment done?

Infertility treatments among men would include:

  • A change in the lifestyle like discontinuing certain medications, regular exercise or improving the frequency of sex.
  • Following proper medications for increasing the testicular function, thus improving the sperm quality and count.
  • Surgery for getting rid of sperm blockage to restore fertility.
  • Sperm retrieval method when the ejaculated fluid does not contain any sperm.

For women, it could be any of the following treatments:

  • Fertility drugs which help in regulating or inducing ovulation.
  • Hysteroscopic surgery to treat endometrial polyps, uterine septum and other uterine problems that could be a hindrance to pregnancy.
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) method, where healthy sperms will be placed in the uterus directly during the same time when the ovary releases the eggs that need to be fertilized. It is done so that the count of the number of sperms that is supposed to reach the fallopian tubes increases, which can eventually increase the chances of fertilization.
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF), where numerous mature eggs are stimulated and retrieved from the female partner, and fertilized with a sperm of a man in a lab. The embryos are then implanted in the woman’s uterus 3 to 5 days after fertilization. There are other techniques in IVF too like Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) where one healthy sperm will be directly injected into a mature egg and Assisted hatching where the embryo is implanted in the uterus lining.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People who would be eligible for an infertility treatment would be:

  • Women below the age of 35 who have not conceived even after unprotected intercourse for almost a year
  • Women who have undergone three or more miscarriages
  • Women with a scar or blockage in their fallopian tube
  • Women experiencing irregular ovulation, without any results from the previous medications
  • Men who have the condition of low sperm count, poor sperm morphology and asthenozoospermia (improper swimming and movement of sperms)
  • Couples who have a history of certain genital infections
  • Couples who fail to conceive even if their primary test results were normal

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Infertility treatments are not recommended in the following conditions:

  • If the fallopian tubes of a woman is damaged
  • If the quality of the ovarian egg is poor
  • Women above the age of 40
  • Women who are menopausal

Are there any side effects?

The side effects of an infertility treatment could be any of the following:

  • One of the common side effects is a greater number of foetuses, twins, triplets and sometimes even more. The more the number of foetuses will be, the greater are the chances of complications like premature delivery or gestational diabetes. Prematurely born babies are more prone to health and developmental problems.
  • Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome (OHSS), a condition where the ovaries can become painful and swollen. It can cause abdominal pain, feeling of nausea, constipation, dark urine bloating or sudden weight gain.
  • In rare cases, there is a risk of developing an infection or bleeding with these methods.
  • Mood swings and temporary depression.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After an infertility treatment, the following guidelines should be followed:

  • Complete bed rest for 3 to 4 days.
  • No heavy exercise except light walking.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Foods rich in protein must be included in diet like soya, eggs, chicken, milk, nuts, etc. The protein is required by the body to aid in the fertilization process as well as helps the egg to implant properly in the uterus.
  • The stomach needs to be covered and protected for at least a week. The womb has to be warm which helps in conception
  • Meditation and breathing exercises are recommended
  • It is important to be in a positive frame of mind

How long does it take to recover?

The procedures for infertility treatment like IUI does not take much time. It takes around an hour for processing the sperm and then the IUI just take a few minutes. It will take four to six week for completing one cycle of IVF. Once the embryo is transferred, you can go back to your daily activities. However, the enlarged ovaries may cause a little discomfort. It is better to avoid any vigorous activity for a few days.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In India, the cost of basic infertility treatment varies from Rs. 2, 50,000 to Rs. 4, 50,000. In the case of advanced treatment, it can go up to Rs. 5, 70,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

You may have to undergo several cycles of infertility treatments like IUI and IVF before the occurrence of pregnancy. At times, couples get success in the first cycle while in some cases; it takes quite a number of cycles before you get pregnant. There can also be a chance when you do not get pregnant at all, and you have to stop the process.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternate options that you can choose would be:

  • Ayurvedic treatment
  • Homeopathic remedies
  • Surrogacy
  • Adoption
Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: Rs. 2,50,000 - Rs. 5, 70,000

Popular Health Tips

Complete Infertility Investigation - Why is It Important?

MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology, DGO
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Complete Infertility Investigation - Why is It Important?

While some couples conceive with ease, conceiving a child can be extremely difficult for others. In cases where a woman is not able to get pregnant despite having regular intercourse in tune with her biological cycle, infertility tests may be suggested to investigate the reason behind this. In most cases, these tests are suggested if a year has gone by without intercourse resulting in a pregnancy. Women may also be said to be infertile, if they cannot carry a foetus to full term.

Infertility can affect both men and women and can be triggered by a number of different reasons. In some cases, it is treatable while in others, alternative ways of having a family may need to be discussed. Hence, it is very important to understand the different types and triggers for infertility and to undergo complete infertility investigations. Some of the common types of infertility investigations are as given below.

  1. Blood tests: A blood test of both partners is used to assess the general health of the couple and to identify any health factors that may be impeding fertility.
  2. Tests for women: 
    1. Hysterosalpingogram: This is an X ray that can identify if a blockage or any other issue in the fallopian tubes are the cause for infertility.
    2. Pelvic ultrasound: This is used to have a look at the anatomy of the female reproductive system and to check for fibroids.
    3. Laparoscopy / hysteroscopy: This is used to get a clearer picture of the ovaries, uterus and other parts of the reproductive system.
    4. Tracking cycle: Ovulation and the thickness of the uterus lining may also affect infertility, This can be diagnosed by tracking and assessing the menstrual cycle.
  3. Tests for men
    1. Semen analysis:This test is used to get an idea of sperm concentration, motility and the appearance of sperm in a man’s semen. In some cases, the semen may not include any sperm cells. In such cases, a follow up investigation may be required to assess if sperm cells are being created in the testicles. This is known as testicular sperm aspiration or a testicular biopsy.
    2. Sperm DNA: The DNA in sperm also plays an important role in fertility. This test is used to assess the sperm DNA integrity and to see how it may affect embryo development and chances of an on-going pregnancy.

Infertility treatment depends on the cause identified by the above tests and hence it is important for both partners to undergo complete testing. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

3883 people found this helpful

6 Causes Behind Infertility In Women

Ms - Gynae & Obs, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
6 Causes Behind Infertility In Women

Female infertility affects nearly 40 million women world over, as per medical studies. If the female patient is not able to conceive after trying for a period of over six months without the use of any protection or contraception, there are chances that she may be suffering from infertility. This condition must be checked and treated at the earliest. Read on to know more about the various causes behind female infertility.

  1. Fallopian Tubes: When the fallopian tubes undergo any kind of damage, it may lead to infertility for the woman in question. These tubes are used by the eggs as they travel from the ovaries to the uterus. The eggs meet the sperm in order for the baby to be conceived and to develop. Pelvic infections and pelvic surgery can cause scarring and bleeding which can stop the sperm and the egg from meeting. This scarring may also come about as a result of endometriosis.
  2. Hormonal Issues: There are a variety of hormones at play within one's body at any given point of time, and a balance of these hormones is absolutely essential for the various functions of the body to be carried out in a normal manner. When the body does not go through proper hormonal changes that are required for the release of the egg, this can prevent the pregnancy from happening. This can also lead to a thickening of the uterine lining which can stop the egg from travelling from the ovaries.
  3. Cervical Problems: The cervix is one of the most important parts of the female reproductive system. It is a passage that can be found at the lower end of the womb. When there is a condition that may affect the cervix of the female patient, it can also prevent the sperm from travelling through the cervical canal in order to reach the egg. This comes about as a symptom of a cervical problem.
  4. Uterine Problem: One may develop polyps or fibroids within the uterus, thus giving rise to difficulties when it comes to getting pregnant. These growths can usually be found when there are too many cells thriving in the endometrium, which is basically the lining of the uterus.
  5. Unexplained Reasons: There are a number of 'unexplained' reasons that can prevent pregnancy. These reasons plague almost 20% of the couples who are suffering from infertility or the inability to conceive a baby.
  6. Tests: While the diagnosis of the condition can be done with the help of an HSG test using an ultrasound, the doctor can also use this method to check for fallopian tube blockages. A laparoscopy may also be used for diagnosis. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.
2522 people found this helpful

Infertility In Men & Women - How Homeopathy Can Help Cure It?

Homeopath, Mumbai
Infertility In Men & Women - How Homeopathy Can Help Cure It?

Homeopathy believes that infertility is just a manifestation of a deep, underlying body symptom. So while conventional medicines try to treat infertility by just looking at the reproductive system, homoeopathy looks at the body as a whole.  The doctor will try to understand the couple’s underlying problems and then come up with a cure.  Male and female infertility is addressed separately and the most common remedies are listed below. 
It is extremely important to note that self-medication is not advised, and each couple and individual would need proper assessment and treatment.


  1. Agnus Castus:
    • This is used in males where infertility is associated with erectile dysfunction
    • It helps improve sexual desire and physical ability to perform
    • The patient would have cold, relaxed, flaccid genitals
  2. Caladium:
    • Impotency in these men is also associated with mental depression
    • Though desire is present, the erections are generally weak and not 
  3. Selenium:
    • These men also may have erectile dysfunction with weak and delayed erections.
    • Emissions may be rapid and involuntary. 
  4. X-Ray:
    • Reduced sperm count
    • Improves both quantity and quality of sperms 
  5. Conium:
    • Useful in males with orchitis
    • The testicles are hard, swollen, and enlarged
    • History of suppressed desire
  6. Sabal Serrulata
    • Associated with wasting of testes
    • Also useful where there is prostate enlargement or prostatitis

Female infertility

  1. Borax
    • Useful in women who have acidic vaginal discharge.  This kills the sperms and could cause infertility.
    • Borax is useful when the discharge is similar to egg white, copious, and warm. Altering the pH can improve successful conception
  2. Natrum Phos:
    • Discharge is honey coloured, sour smelling, and irritating
    • This discharge is also acidic, reducing sperm life
  3. Pulsatilla:
    • Useful in women who have scanty periods that do not last long and never appear on the due date
    • These women have a history of irregular menses since the onset of menarche
    • Also useful in women who have polycystic ovarian disease
  4. Aletris farinose
    • Early and copious menstruation in addition to white discharge
    • Anaemia, weakness, fatigue, and tiredness
    • Useful in women who have had recurrent abortions.
  5. Sepia
    • These women present with menstrual cycles that are short, suppressed, and not regular in the flow.
    •  There is also a bearing down sensation where the patient feels the uterus is going to slide down
    • It is also possible these women have reduced drive
  6. Natrum carb
    • These women have difficulty retaining sperms
    • The vaginal discharge could also be offensive and irritating 
  7. Calcarea Carb:
    • This is another remedy used when there is profuse bleeding during the menstrual cycles 
    • The periods also tend to appear before their due date and tend to last longer than usual. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Homeopath.
3480 people found this helpful

How Ayurveda Helps to Treat Infertility?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
How Ayurveda Helps to Treat Infertility?

Infertility has emerged as a common problem as a result of the modern day lifestyle. Extremely hectic schedules, stress, burnout, depression and unhealthy diets can contribute to fertility issues. As per a study published by Pharmion, around 30 million Indian couples were estimated to suffering from lifetime infertility, in 2015. Also, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) fell to 2.3% in 2013 against 3.9% in 1990.
Couples often seek help with methods such as artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization (IVF), but the problem can be solved in natural ways too. Sometimes, the root cause of infertility is simply irregular functioning or blockages in the body systems. The basic principle of Ayurveda is to get the body functioning to its optimum capacity and this is often all that is needed to treat diseases.

Here are a few ways in which Ayurvedic medicine can help treat infertility:

  1. Phal ghrit: The medicine is made by combining a number of herbs and it is taken with warm milk. It has been developed especially to treat infertility by controlling the level of hormones secreted in the body. It cannot remedy structural problems, but it can effectively treat functional disorders in the reproductive system.
  2. Shatavari (Asparagus): This plant is used to treat female infertility by regulating the cycles of menstruation and ovulation.
  3. Triphala churna: A combination of three different fruits - baheda, amla and haritaki, this medicine helps to cleanse the body of toxins, strengthens the immune system and clears blockages in the fallopian tubes.
  4. Ashwagandha churna (Indian ginseng): The medicine is used to treat male infertility by naturally increasing the production of sperm in the system.

There are also a few Ayurvedic therapies which can help to cure infertility:

  1. Vamanam: In this treatment procedure, medicated oil is swallowed to induce vomiting, which expels all the contaminating elements in the body. This process can be done regularly depending upon the overall health of the patient and also helps to combat digestive and psychological conditions.
  2. Swedanam: This therapy is usually done before other Ayurvedic therapies to prepare the body systems. For patients of infertility, the patient is made to sweat excessively. This also flushes most nitrous compounds out of the body.
  3. Dhatu nirman karma: The cells of the body are made to metabolize, absorb and assimilate nutrients leading to the formation of healthy cells and destruction of the unhealthy ones. This is turn rejuvenates the organs. Usually, this is helpful for female infertility.
  4. Virechana: Virachana therapy is defined as the medicated purgation therapy, which cleanses the Pitta and purifies blood, by clearing the toxins from the body. The treatment concentrates on the toxins that are accumulated in the liver and gall bladder. The gastro-intestinal tract is also cleansed by Virachana therapy. This treatment is usually administered for three days, but its duration may vary from case to case. 
  5. Uttarbasti: In this procedure the patient is injected with specially prepared Ayurvedic sterile Oil or Ghrut transvaginally. In case of female infertility, the procedure is done before the period of ovulation i.e. 5, 6, 7th day of menses, in each cycle, for 3 to 6 consecutive cycles. In this procedure, a sterile Ayurvedic oil or Ghrut is injected into the uterine cavity through the vagina under all aseptic precautions. No any type of anesthesia is required for this procedure. This is completely painless treatment. It is useful in infertility, spontaneous abortions, recurrent abortions, fibroids, tubal blockages, DUB, etc. Uttar basti per urethra is useful in benign prostate enlargement (BPH), urinary incontinence, urethral stricture, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI), bladder atony, dribbling maturation, cystitis, male infertility, low sperm count, impotence, etc. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda.
4746 people found this helpful

How To Cure Infertility In Men And Women With Homeopathy?

B.H.M.S., Senior Homeopath Consultant
Homeopath, Delhi
How To Cure Infertility In Men And Women With Homeopathy?

If you are looking for an effective treatment procedure for infertility, you should consider homeopathy. Infertility refers to the inability to conceive after having sex. The biological inability of a man or a woman to conceive and have a full term pregnancy can also be referred to as infertility. Homeopathy is the most natural cure for infertility and there are several types of homeopathic medicines which treat infertility in both men and women.

Homeopathic Medicines for Infertility in Men

The top homeopathic medicines used for treating infertility in men are as follows:

Homeopathic medicines for infertility in men with erectile dysfunction

Agnus Castus is used when a man’s sexual desire and physical ability are reduced. The genitals stay relaxed, cold and flaccid. Caladium is used when infertility or impotency results because of mental depression. The genitals stay relaxed and weak erections are likely. Selenium is used for erectile dysfunction featured by slow and weak erections. Involuntary semen discharge may also be indicated as a symptom.

Homeopathic medicines for infertility in men with low sperm count

The homeopathic medicine X-Ray is very effective in treating low sperm count in men. Sperm count gets increased, enhancing both the quantity and quality of sperm.

Homeopathic medicines for infertility in men with orchitis

Conium is used for treating infertility in men, which occurs due to orchitis. The testicles get swollen, enlarged and hardened. Conium also helps patients with a history of suppressed sexual desire.

Homeopathic Medicines For Infertility In Women

The top homeopathic medicines for treating infertility in women are as follows:

Homeopathic medicines for infertility because of acid vaginal charges

Borax and Natrum Phos are effective homeopathic medicines used for treating infertility in women, which occurs because of acid vaginal charges. These medicines are prescribed when the vaginal discharges are destructive, acrid and sperm killing in nature. Borax is used when the discharge is like egg white, copious and warm. Natrum Phos is used in the case of acrid, creamy and honey coloured discharge.

Homeopathic medicines for infertility because of prolonged and profuse periods

Calcarea Carb and Aletris Farionosa are ideal homeopathic medicines which are used in case of prolonged and profuse menstrual periods, and in the case of periods appearing before the usual time. Experiencing early menses is likely. The patient may experience anemia, leucorrhea, fatigue, tiredness and weakness along with menorrhagia.

Homeopathic treatment does not utilize the use of any kind of chemicals, and hence there are no side effects on the body. You should consult a homeopathic practitioner before starting to take homeopathic medicines for infertility.

3312 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

CLOMI 50. Is this tablet prescribed for Males? I am married for 5 years. No children yet. What are the uses of this tablet?

MBBS, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine
IVF Specialist, Bangalore
There are many uses of this tablet. It increases FSH level. A hormone for development of sperms. Both couple need to get evaluated.
2 people found this helpful

I am 24 years old and trying to convince from past 5 years. I have gone through ssg and laparoscopy also. In that test my both tubes are healthy and open. My amh level is 1.78 ng/ml. My periods are regular. Now we are using evaserve and evion forte tablets from past 3 month. Pls help me can I get natural pregnancy with this amh level. My egg size is 18-20 mm on cycle 14 day. My triple line is 6 mm. My husband seen analysis report is normal. Can I conceive this amh level?

Advance BHRT Certification, Fellowship in BHRT & Longevity Medicine, Fellowship in Endocrinology, MBBS, DOMS, MS - Ophthalmology
Endocrinologist, Bangalore
Yes you can concieve with an AMH level of 1.78 ng/ml. For improving chance of successful conception naturally or assisted in a case where the tubes are "healthy and open" my BHRT protocol focuses on optimizing metabolic and hormonal imbalances. All other parameters that you have stated appear to be satisfactory.
2 people found this helpful

Hi doctor. I am 30 years old. Got married on 2015 May and Still we didn't get baby. Done semen test and follicular study. All are normal. Also did HCG test. Doctor said minor block is there. Do I need to do laparoscopic surgery to see the exact block or IUI method. But I don't want all these surgeries or IUI .please provide your inputs on this.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
At times there may be blocks in Fallopian tubes, if both are blocked then you need to undergo surgery. There are 50% chances of you becoming pregnant if one tube is blocked. Suggestion; consultant an experienced Gynecologist.
1 person found this helpful

Please refer tablet for permanent male infertility .I want infertility only from tablets. I have 2 children.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. TO CAUSE PREGNANCY on a woman, sperm should be ejaculated inside the vagina or fresh sperm should be inseminated inside the vagina with some means during the fertility period of the woman. There are many determinants of pregnancy. You should be sexually matured. Your partner should be sexually matured. The period of your partner should be in the fertile stage. Her egg and your sperm cells should be healthy enough. Then her uterus should be capable to get conceived. If all these were satisfied, the pregnancy could be a result. Semen do not pass through clothes to make pregnancy. Sex during periods does not cause pregnancy. Usually precum do not contain any sperm cells. Period means disintegration of the uterus membrane which is meant to be for the child. Swallowing male sperm cannot cause pregnancy. If you have taken unwanted 72 within 72 hours of intercourse, the chances of pregnancy is low.In the given case, there are less chances of pregnancy. Take care.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Infertility
Causes, symptoms and treatment of Infertility

Hi, I am Dr. Jayanti Kamany. I am an IVF Consultant practicing at Srishti Fertility Centre and Women's Clinic in Mumbai. So, today i'll be talking about Infertility. The problem of infertility is on a steep rise. Some of the causes for the rise in inferility are increased age at the time of marriage for women, postponement of child bearing. Even if a women gets married earlier she postpones her child bearing for various purposes like her career.

Increased stress levels today, increased levels of sexually transmitted diseases and of course Tuberculosis, which is a very common disease in our country. So, who is to be blamed for the infertility. We have found that 3 out of 10 couples are battling with this problem of infertility. 30% of the faults is found in the female, another 30% is found in the male partner, again 30% is found in both partners and about 10-15% cannot be explained because inspite of all the tests being normal, there is no problem which can be found and we call it unexplained infertility.

There are two types of infertility:

1. Primary infertility- Primary infertility is when the couple has never conceived

2. Secondary infertility- Secondary infertility is when the couple had a child but cannot conceive again, or the couple has conceived, has had an abortion but there is no conception again.

When should a couple consult or take treatment for infertility?

Usually if the ovum is young, if she is below 28 years she can wait for one year after trying to consult an Infertility Specialist. Even after one year if the couple doesn't conceive inspite of having regular sexual intercourse without having birth control measures they should see an Infertility specialist.

Now there are certain conditions where a couple irrespective of the duration of marriage or age should see a doctor immediately. So, what are those conditions? In the female, if she is having any problems regarding her menstrual cycle, suppose her menstrual cycles are irregular or she is getting very scanty bleeding or scantimensis or she has very severe pain during mensis or otherwise if she had a surgery where her one ovary is removed or a problem of polycystic ovarian disease which is very common today the she needs to see a Gynaec immediately. If she has recurrent abortions, that is, she can conceive but cannot carry the pregnancy to 9 months then definitely there is something wrong with her so she has to consult an Infertility specialist.

What are the causes in a male?

A male, if he has had a surgery in the testes or if he has a history of a disease called mumps in his childhood, or if he has a low sperm count or he cannot feel his testis in his scrotum then he needs to see a Fertility specialist.

For further information on this topic of Infertility or if you are planning to conceive, you can consult me on
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice