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Lupus - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Lupus?

Lupus is a condition which is chronic inflammatory in nature and affects the immune system. The tissue and organs are attacked by immune cells. Lupus induced inflammation can affect the various body systems like the skin, kidneys, joints, lungs ,brain , blood cells and the heart. Diagnosis for lupus may be difficult as its symptoms can resemble other diseases. The characteristic symptom of lupus is a rash on the face. The rash looks like a butterfly unfolding its wings on both cheeks and occurs in most cases. Some people have a tendency of acquiring lupus and may be induced by sunlight, medications or infections. Lupus doesn’t have a cure, but treatment might help in controlling the symptoms.

When healthy body tissue gets attacked by the immune system, lupus can take place. Lupus is likely to result from environmental and genetic factors. An environmental trigger might cause lupus in someone already having a genetic predisposition for lupus. In most cases though, the cause for lupus is not known.

Potential triggers for lupus include:

  • Sunlight- Sun exposure might induce skin lesions in lupus or may trigger internal responses in people susceptible to it
  • Infections- Acquiring an infection might initiate lupus or may result in a relapse for some
  • Medications- Lupus might be triggered due to few kinds of anti-seizure medicines, antibiotics and blood pressure medicines

Medicine induced lupus starts fading away as and when the medicine causing it, is stopped. Your general physician might refer you further to a diagnostic specialist for rheumatology and arthritic problems. Since the lupus symptoms might resemble quite a few other health conditions, patience is necessary during the diagnostic procedure. A lot of other illnesses must be ruled out before confirming a lupus diagnosis.

  • Heart and CVS - Lupus might result in blood problems, like anemia and an increased blood clotting or bleeding risks. It may also result in blood vessel inflammation (also known as vasculitis).
  • Lungs- Having lupus increases the likelihood for developing a chest cavity lining infection and makes breathing painful. You may be more prone for developing pneumonia.
  • Heart – Lupus may result in heart muscle inflammation. The chances of having heart attacks and cardiovascular disease increases.
  • Kidneys- Lupus may seriously damage the kidneys and may result in kidney failure. Generalized itching, nausea, chest pain, leg swelling and vomiting are all signs of kidney problems.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Pain in the eyes, joints and muscles. Sharp pain in the chest. Rashes on the face. Lupus headache and sensitivity to light. Swollen lymph nodes

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Popular Questions & Answers

Dear Dr. Its about 16 days back one of my close locality girl death due to SLE lupus. On that day I am not able sleep. I feel like restless. Muscle paint on arm and forearm. Weakness. Can not focus on work. Increase heartbeat sometimes. Sometime sweating. Sweating on hand and feet. Please help.

M.D.PSYCHIATRY, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.), Medicine
Psychiatrist, Jaipur
Hello. You are facing anxiety symptoms may be related to grief / stress .eventually these symptoms should improve. If they don't even after 10-15 consult psychiatrist online/offline.
2 people found this helpful

Dear Sir, I am aged-45, Female, Weight-29 kg, from Bangladesh. I am suffering from MCTD Disease from 1999. At present I am under supervision of two doctors: One doctor is from Kolkata India, Dr. Asim Kumar Pal, MD, FICA (USA), MRCP (UK), FRCP (Edin), FRCP (London). Peerless Hospital & B.K.Roy Research Center Kolkata India, Since 1999 every year 3 times, and another doctor is from Bangladesh Professor Dr. Syed Atiqul Haq MBBS, FRCP, FCPS, MD, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Since 2006 every year 3 times. I am taking medicine methotrexate weekly since 1999 but last two years I am not taking this medicine. I also take Nidipin SR. Apart from these two medicine. I take some other medicine for short period of time recommended by my doctors. I also took steroid (Prednisone) medicine for last 9 years but not regularly. I took this medicine once in every four/six month. As a side effect of this medicine my femoral head’s blood supply stops and doctor suggested me for surgery. I did this in Apollo hospitals, Delhi. In every three months I do some diagnostic test (TC, DC ESR, AST, SGOT, Urine R/A, Chest X ray PA view, etc ….)all the reports are normal. At Present my problem are: •I can’t eat anything normally. If I try to eat it cramp in my stomach and starts beating. •Fever at least ¾ time in every month. •Whole body pain.\ •I Can’t grip my hand. •I Can’t seat alone on the floor for last 5 years. •Gastro problem. •Always cough Can I have treatment in your hospital? I request your suggestion.

MMed, MBBS, DAA
Allergist/Immunologist, Chennai
no it seems like a rhumatological problem. you are in good hands. please follow the medications prescribed by yout doctors. also discuss with doctors if newer biologicals can be used.

RNP/sm intensity is 1, sm intensity is 1, RO-52 intensity us 17, SSB intensity is 1, PM-scl is 2, JO-1 intensity is 1, ds-DNA is 2, control CO is 88.

NCCH & MCH
Homeopath, Raebareli
Dear user kindly forward the reports and symptomatic details as of now for proper treatment and management support. For now take a dose of Rhus tox 30 it will act in the main disease itself but do not repeat further till analysis is done reviewing...

Hi, My sister is having typhoid fever for last one month. now she has got mouth ulcer. Please suggest any medicine. My sistre is a sle patient (lupus nephritis) since 2005.

MBBS
General Physician, Bangalore
For mouth ulcers just use topical mouth gel. Like DOLO gel. And consult to the physician who treated typhoid. It can be due to medications which were provided during treatment.
1 person found this helpful