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Overview

Anemia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Anemia-What is it?

Patients suffer from anemia when their blood is lacking in sufficient amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin that are healthy and are performing their functions. Hemoglobin happens to be a major component of RBC as red blood cells are commonly abbreviated as. It also binds oxygen. In case it is not present in desirable levels that the body cells fail to get adequate oxygen. In the US, anemia is the most common blood disorder found amongst more than 3.5 million persons. The risks of developing anemia are higher for women, people suffering from chronic diseases and children. The following facts must be kept in mind while dealing with anemia:

  • There are hereditary variants of anemia and infant may be suffering from the condition right after taking birth.
  • Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to this condition. This is due to the fact that menstruation causes blood loss and demands increased quantities for oxygen.
  • The elderly are also prone to elderly due to certain medical conditions. Poor diet is also a major factor.
  • Anemia may be of different types. Each is different with regards to causes and their respective treatments. The most widespread form of anemia is iron deficiency anemia which may be easily treated with changes in diet and providing iron supplements. Certain variants of anemia occur as part of the normal life like the mild forms of anemia that are present during childbearing stages of a woman’s life. Others, however, may pose health problems for life.

    What are the causes of anemia?

    Anemia may be of more than 400 different types. These types of anemia may again be subdivided into three distinct groups viz:

    • Anemia which results from loss of blood.
    • Anemia resulting from the abnormal production of RBC.
    • Anemia which results from the destruction of RBC.
    • Anemia which results from loss of blood
    • Profuse or even mild bleeding results in loss of red blood cells. When the bleeding occurs gradually over long time periods, undetected anemia may be the result.
    • Anemia resulting from abnormal production of RBC
    • If a patient is suffering from this anemia variant there is faulty functioning of blood cells resulting in anemia. This abnormal functioning of RBC may be the result of lack of minerals and vitamins needed by RBC. The RBC themselves may be abnormal too.
    • Anemia which results from the destruction of RBC

    This happens when the RBC become fragile and cannot stand up to the strains of the circulatory system. They rupture prematurely. The condition is known as hemolytic anemia. It may be inborn or may develop in course of time. The cause of the condition remains unknown in certain cases.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Fatigue Pale skin Lightheadedness Recurrent bouts of weakness

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Anemia- How It Affects Your Health?
Anemia (or anaemia) is a medical condition which generally occurs in a human body because of the lack of required healthy red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood. Diagnosis of anemia is done through a blood test, a man is anemic when his hemoglobin level is less than 13.5 gram/100 ml and a woman is anemic when her hemoglobin level is less than 12.0 gram/100 ml. Risk factors: People suffering from long-term or chronic diseases such as cancer are more susceptible of developing anemia. Hemoglobin is the salient constituent of red blood cells and is an iron rich protein. It provides the red color to the blood and binds oxygen. Red blood cells carry this oxygen to all the vital tissues and organs of the body. Due to lack of appropriate amount of red blood cells, the amount of blood required in a body to function normally is also low. One of the most prominent causes of occurrence of anemia is the deficiency of required amount of nutritional iron, vitamin B-12, and folate in the body. This iron is needed for the formation of hemoglobin. Apart from these causes, the other causes of anemia comprise of the following: Loss of blood Insufficient production of red blood cells (inadequate intake of iron, vitamin B-12) Fast rate of destruction of red blood cells (disorders of liver and hemorrhage) Diagnosis: It is relatively easy to detect an anemic person. The symptoms of anemia include pale appearance, complaint of cold, giddiness, unsteadiness, laziness, particularly when the person is in action or is standing up. Sometimes people suffering from anemia crave for eating clay, ice, or even dirt. Also, there are complains of exhaustion along with issues of constipation and concentration. Other indications of anemia are brittle nails, gasps for breath even in mild activities, and pain in the chest. Since the level of oxygen in the blood is low, there could be even scope of a heart attack. A person suffering from anemia is usually diagnosed on the basis of a complete blood count. The blood test brings out if serum folate levels are quite low. In case the anemia is severe, sometimes doctors take the help of erythropoietin injections so as to foster the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow. In case there is bleeding or if the level of hemoglobin is low, it might become essential to carry out blood transfusion. Treatment: Anemia is straightforward to diagnose and treat, but at the same time could prove to be deadly if it is left undiagnosed. Proper heed should be paid to the intake of adequate and required food which is rich in vitamins and minerals, dietary iron, folic acid, including other vitamins and minerals. Diet For Anemia With any newly diagnosed medical condition, it s common to begin looking at the best ways to improve your situation. Diet usually comes up as one of those factors that can be altered fairly easily in order to help your condition. In the case of anemia, there s a wide list of iron-rich foods you should think about adding to your diet. 1. Red meat 2. Soybeans 3. Spinach 4. Beets 5. Whole grain bread 6. Peanut butter 7. Eggs 8. Nuts 9. Honey Foods to Avoid if You Have Anemia 1. Phytate-Rich Foods 2. Tannins 3. Gluten 4. Calcium-Rich Foods 5. Alcohol Fruits High in Iron When it comes to fruits for anemia, your best bet is to look for fruits that are high in iron. 1. Watermelon 2. Prunes 3. Raisins 4. Currants
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Types And Symptoms Of Anemia
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Dear lybrate-user, Get your investigation done of stool to rule out any worms. Increase iron rich food in diet like Pomegranate, jaggery, green leafy vegetables etc. Also add vitamin C in diet for better absorption of iron. And get routine blood test again after a month. And let me know the status.
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