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Overview

Anemia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Anemia-What is it?

Patients suffer from anemia when their blood is lacking in sufficient amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin that are healthy and are performing their functions. Hemoglobin happens to be a major component of RBC as red blood cells are commonly abbreviated as. It also binds oxygen. In case it is not present in desirable levels that the body cells fail to get adequate oxygen. In the US, anemia is the most common blood disorder found amongst more than 3.5 million persons. The risks of developing anemia are higher for women, people suffering from chronic diseases and children. The following facts must be kept in mind while dealing with anemia:

  • There are hereditary variants of anemia and infant may be suffering from the condition right after taking birth.
  • Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to this condition. This is due to the fact that menstruation causes blood loss and demands increased quantities for oxygen.
  • The elderly are also prone to elderly due to certain medical conditions. Poor diet is also a major factor.
  • Anemia may be of different types. Each is different with regards to causes and their respective treatments. The most widespread form of anemia is iron deficiency anemia which may be easily treated with changes in diet and providing iron supplements. Certain variants of anemia occur as part of the normal life like the mild forms of anemia that are present during childbearing stages of a woman’s life. Others, however, may pose health problems for life.

    What are the causes of anemia?

    Anemia may be of more than 400 different types. These types of anemia may again be subdivided into three distinct groups viz:

    • Anemia which results from loss of blood.
    • Anemia resulting from the abnormal production of RBC.
    • Anemia which results from the destruction of RBC.
    • Anemia which results from loss of blood
    • Profuse or even mild bleeding results in loss of red blood cells. When the bleeding occurs gradually over long time periods, undetected anemia may be the result.
    • Anemia resulting from abnormal production of RBC
    • If a patient is suffering from this anemia variant there is faulty functioning of blood cells resulting in anemia. This abnormal functioning of RBC may be the result of lack of minerals and vitamins needed by RBC. The RBC themselves may be abnormal too.
    • Anemia which results from the destruction of RBC

    This happens when the RBC become fragile and cannot stand up to the strains of the circulatory system. They rupture prematurely. The condition is known as hemolytic anemia. It may be inborn or may develop in course of time. The cause of the condition remains unknown in certain cases.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Fatigue Pale skin Lightheadedness Recurrent bouts of weakness

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What Is Erythroblastosis Fetalis?

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What is erythroblastosis fetalis? Erythroblastosis fetalis is also known as haemolytic anaemia in the newborn. This occurs due to blood incompatibility in the mother and foetus. Due to this incompatibility, the antibodies present in the mother s blood, will pass through the placental barrier and attack the blood cells of the foetus. This will lead to the destruction of the red blood cells of the foetus and it is likely to cause anaemia in the foetus. This condition varies from mild to very serious. In its moderate or severe stage, the erythroblasts or immature red blood cells are formed in the blood of the foetus and this disease is called erythroblastosis fetalis. Why does it happen? The two main causes of erythroblastosis fetalis are Rh incompatibility and ABO incompatibility. Rh Incompatibility: When the mother is Rh ve and the father is Rh +ve, there is a good chance for the baby to be Rh +ve. The antigens present in the blood of the Rh +ve baby will behave like a foreign agent and the mother will produce antibodies against it. If it is the first pregnancy, then the child may not be at risk, however, if the second child ends up being of +ve blood group again, then the antibodies present in the mother s blood will attack the baby and may result in a spontaneous abortion. ABO Incompatibility: This usually occurs when the mother s blood group A, B, O does not match the baby s. This causes fewer complications in comparison to Rh incompatibility, but it may be severe if the child has a very rare blood group. How to avoid it? It is a highly preventive condition. Firstly, you have not tested your blood group; it is advised to get it tested along with the blood group of the father. If you already know your blood group, then you must mention it to your doctor. If the father has negative blood group, then there will be no problem. However if the father is Rh positive, then it is advised to get routine tests done by the doctor. The other preventive measure to take is a treatment called RhoGAM or the Rh immunoglobulin. It reduces the reaction of the mother to the baby s blood cells. This shot is administered around the 28th week of the pregnancy. It is also administered 72 hours after the birth of the baby with the positive blood group.
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Popular Questions & Answers

I am fed up of being overweight. I tried dieting. I lost weight but suffered anaemia. I also find exercise too boring. Is there any way to loose weight other than dieting and exercise? Some easy chng in diet plan or anything? Coz m already iron and calcium deficient.

Dt. Siva Teja Gadepalli 90% (70 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
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Hi, you have to consume foods that are rich in Iron to recover from anemia. The good sources are skin out chicken, dark green leafy vegetables (especially spinach), legumes (navy beans, rajmah, lima beans), raisins, apricot, dried dates, oats, quinoa, flax seeds. Even red meat has high content of iron but it is not a heart friendly diet. Try to squeeze a lemon on the food before serving as vitamin-c helps in better absorption of iron from vegetarian sources. Make sure that the food is not too hot as heat denatures vitamin-c. Consuming a healthy balanced diet which includes Whole grain cereals, legumes and pulses, fruits and vegetables, skimmed milk and milk products, lean meat, eggs, fish will help you to lose weight but mind your portions while eating. Avoid red meat, oily and fat foods, carbonated beverages, smoking and alcohol. Start brisk walking 20-30 minutes initially and extend it to 1-2 km per week depending on your tolerance. You have to take calcium rich foods like milk, paneer, yoghurt, soya bean but not along with iron rich foods as calcium and iron might interrupt each other's absorption. So, make sure that you don't end up eating both calcium and Iron rich foods in the same meal. You can also use calcium/ Iron fortified foods separately.

My hemoglobin level is 9.0 for the past 2 hour. Please tell me the right way to gain my hemoglobin?

Dt. Siva Teja Gadepalli 90% (70 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
Hi, you have to consume foods that are rich in Iron to increease your hemoglobin levels. The good sources are skin out chicken, dark green leafy vegetables (especially spinach), legumes (navy beans, rajmah, lima beans), raisins, apricot, dried dates, oats, quinoa, flax seeds. Even red meat has high content of iron but it is not a heart friendly diet. Try to squeeze a lemon on the food before serving as vitamin-c helps in better absorption of iron from vegetarian sources. Make sure that the food is not too hot as heat denatures vitamin-c. Try not to take calcium rich foods like milk, paneer, cheese, yoghurt, soya bean along with iron rich foods as calcium and iron might interrupt each other's absorption.

I’m 30 married women, my hemoglobin is 9.9 my esr is 43. Please suggest why esr is high. 1.5 year I took thyroid medicine my tsh was 9 & completes 3 months course & it was normal doctor suggested me when you plan for baby just check your thyroid.

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (11633 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
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lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. Hempglobin 9.9 g / 100 ml is on the lower side, suggesting you have anemia (mostly iron deficiency). ESR 43 mm is suggestive of some pathological process is on. It does not show any specific disease. As regards TSH being 9 mU/L and taking treatment for only 1.5 years, then stopping it after TSH was normal, is not at all advisable. Once treatment is stopped, TSH is bound to go up. If you are thinking of having a baby, then it is essential to bring TSH <2 mU/L before conception and during the pregnancy it must be maintained around 2 mU/L, for proper fetal development and desired outcome of pregnancy. Please also get your Anti TPO antibodies checked. Because presence of any autoimmune process in the system may also lead to increase in ESR. Thanks.

I'm suffering from anaemia but I didn't took any medicine for it. And I'm a skinny guy. So please help me I don't know why I'm skinny I eat well but it doesn't work maybe anemia creating some problem. If this can be possible please suggest me something to get rid of anaemia and something to gain weight.

Dt. Siva Teja Gadepalli 90% (70 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
Hi, you have to consume foods that are rich in Iron to recover from anemia. The good sources are skin out chicken, dark green leafy vegetables (especially spinach), legumes (navy beans, rajmah, lima beans), raisins, apricot, dried dates, oats, quinoa, flax seeds. Even red meat has high content of iron but it is not a heart friendly diet. Try to squeeze a lemon on the food before serving as vitamin-c helps in better absorption of iron from vegetarian sources. Make sure that the food is not too hot as heat denatures vitamin-c. Consuming a healthy balanced diet which includes Whole grain cereals, legumes and pulses, fruits and vegetables, whole milk and milk products, lean meat, eggs, fish helps you to have a positive weight balance. Avoid red meat, oily and fat foods, carbonated beverages, smoking and alcohol. Try not to take calcium rich foods like milk, paneer, cheese, yoghurt, soya bean along with iron rich foods as calcium and iron might interrupt each other's absorption.

How much iron supplement needed and for how long. As im facing iron deficiency. 45 mg/dl. Where minimum is 70 mg/dl. Please answer.

Dt. Steffi J Jerlin 88% (23 ratings)
M. Phil. Food and Nutrition
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Hi lybrate-user, You can continue till the doctor has prescribed. To improve iron naturally, take foods rich in iron like rice flakes, soya bean, bajra, cow pea, greens, cauliflower leaves, dried sundakkai, mango powder, turmeric, cumin, dried dates etc. And non veg foods like chicken liver, red meat, etc. If you are a non vegetarian. Iron tablets taken for a long duration may cause constipation, dark colored stools, nausea, head ache etc. It is always better to manage it with good foods. Wishing you good health. Hope this helps.
1 person found this helpful

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