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Anemia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Anemia-What is it?

Patients suffer from anemia when their blood is lacking in sufficient amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin that are healthy and are performing their functions. Hemoglobin happens to be a major component of RBC as red blood cells are commonly abbreviated as. It also binds oxygen. In case it is not present in desirable levels that the body cells fail to get adequate oxygen. In the US, anemia is the most common blood disorder found amongst more than 3.5 million persons. The risks of developing anemia are higher for women, people suffering from chronic diseases and children. The following facts must be kept in mind while dealing with anemia:

  • There are hereditary variants of anemia and infant may be suffering from the condition right after taking birth.
  • Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to this condition. This is due to the fact that menstruation causes blood loss and demands increased quantities for oxygen.
  • The elderly are also prone to elderly due to certain medical conditions. Poor diet is also a major factor.
  • Anemia may be of different types. Each is different with regards to causes and their respective treatments. The most widespread form of anemia is iron deficiency anemia which may be easily treated with changes in diet and providing iron supplements. Certain variants of anemia occur as part of the normal life like the mild forms of anemia that are present during childbearing stages of a woman’s life. Others, however, may pose health problems for life.

    What are the causes of anemia?

    Anemia may be of more than 400 different types. These types of anemia may again be subdivided into three distinct groups viz:

    • Anemia which results from loss of blood.
    • Anemia resulting from the abnormal production of RBC.
    • Anemia which results from the destruction of RBC.
    • Anemia which results from loss of blood
    • Profuse or even mild bleeding results in loss of red blood cells. When the bleeding occurs gradually over long time periods, undetected anemia may be the result.
    • Anemia resulting from abnormal production of RBC
    • If a patient is suffering from this anemia variant there is faulty functioning of blood cells resulting in anemia. This abnormal functioning of RBC may be the result of lack of minerals and vitamins needed by RBC. The RBC themselves may be abnormal too.
    • Anemia which results from the destruction of RBC

    This happens when the RBC become fragile and cannot stand up to the strains of the circulatory system. They rupture prematurely. The condition is known as hemolytic anemia. It may be inborn or may develop in course of time. The cause of the condition remains unknown in certain cases.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Fatigue Pale skin Lightheadedness Recurrent bouts of weakness

Popular Health Tips

Are You Taking Iron Tablets Correctly?

Dr. Nikhil D Datar 89% (10 ratings)
MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO, MBBS , FCPS, DNB, FICOG, LLB
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Are You Taking Iron Tablets Correctly?
Anemia is a common health problem amongst women in India. Iron tablets is the most common medicine prescribed medicine for this. All pregnant women are given a tablet of iron. Iron tablets can be very effective but only if they are taken correctly. Here are ten things you must know about iron intake. Iron is best absorbed when taken on empty stomach. But it can cause cramps, acidity, vomiting when taken on empty stomach. That is why we advice to take iron tablet be taken after small quantity of food especially when they are not tolerated on empty stomach. Indian meal is full of phytates and phosphates. These ingredients hamper iron absorption. So never take iron immediately food. You may take it after some time. It is a common practice in India to take medicines with milk. This is a big NO- NO . It does not allow iron absorption. Conventional iron tablets should not be taken with calcium as this may reduce the absorption. However there are few iron salts which can be taken with calcium. Vitamin C improves iron absorption. It is a good idea to take iron with lime juice or orange juice. Common side effects of iron are constipation, dark stools, diarrhoea, nausea. It is commonly believed that beet root, carrot are best sources of iron. This is not true. Green leafy vegetables, walnuts, black grapes, dates are good vegetarian sources of iron. Haem Iron, the iron from Non vegetarian source is better absorbed in the body as compared to vegetarian sources. iron syrups may stain the teeth dark. Iron comes in the form of various salts. If you do not tolerate one type of salt discuss with your doctor and get it changed. But take the iron tablet and prevent anemia. Be healthy!

7 Signs to Help You Spot Iron Deficiency!

Dr. Indu Saini 90% (13 ratings)
Ph.D In Food & Nutrition, MSc In Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ajmer
7 Signs to Help You Spot Iron Deficiency!
As per the latest statistics published by the 'center for disease control and prevention', about 9% women suffer from the deficiency of iron. Though the proportion is relatively low, iron deficiency can lead to various diseases, which can be very difficult to cure. So, look out for these telltale signs of iron deficiency and check whether you suffer from any of them. Fatigue: Your internal system uses iron for the production of hemoglobin, which is a component in the red blood cells, responsible for carrying oxygen to all parts of the body. So, when the iron content is low, there is not enough hemoglobin produced and all organs do not receive oxygen in the required quantities, which is bound to make you feel tired at most times. Inability to focus: People with iron deficiency often suffer from alteration in the synthesis of neurotransmitters. This can lead to decreased functionality and focusing abilities. This may also lead to the development of apathy towards all things, including family, friends, books, music or anything that you loved and enjoyed doing. Breathlessness: Without a proper supply of iron, there could be an oxygen crunch in the body, compelling you to feel breathless. This may happen anytime like when you are working out or walking or reading a book. Paleness: Do you think your skin has lost luster and has become pale in the last few days? That s definitely not a good sign and may be a symptom of decreased flow of blood and reduction in the RBC count. Trouble doing your daily chores: Low levels of iron in the body can cause your endurance level to suffer. Thus, you may find it difficult to run up the stairs or catch a vehicle or swim for a while. Soreness of muscles: Even if you could push yourself to reach the gym, you would experience that the burn lasts longer than normal. Lack of required amount of iron prevents your muscles to recover at the right pace. As a result, you are likely to suffer from aches in the muscles. Brittle nails: If there is a recent development of spoon-shaped or concave depression in the nails, it could be a sign that your body is iron deficient. Often people tend to ignore the warning signs that the body gives to indicate the problem that s cropping up. But you can t take your health for granted. So, check for these signs without any delay get help from a doctor in case you notice them. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
5477 people found this helpful

Anaemia And Hair Loss - What Should You Do?

Dr. Rohit Shah 89% (370 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Surat
Anaemia And Hair Loss - What Should You Do?
Anemia, as known to many, is a medical condition triggered by low hemoglobin levels. More than often, iron deficiency acts as a catalyst giving rise to anemia. While fatigue, headache, palpitations, skin pallor, and dizziness are characteristic of anemia, many people also suffer from hair loss. Here too, the iron deficiency acts as contributing factor interfering with the healthy growth cycle of the hair. In some cases, the hair loss may mimic the male and female pattern baldness as observed in the case of Alopecia. While anemia and the related hair loss can affect anyone irrespective of their age and sex, women of reproductive age, as well as teenagers, are more susceptible to this. In this article, we will discuss the anemia and iron deficiency induced hair loss in brief and the preventive measures to deal with the situation. Anemia-related Hair Loss In anemia, there is a significant fall in the hemoglobin level. Hemoglobin acts as an oxygen carrier to different body cells and tissues, including those of the hair follicles to ensure healthy cell growth and repairment. Low hemoglobin levels result in inadequate oxygen supply, one of the prime factors responsible for hair loss. Ferritin, a storage protein (cellular protein) for iron contributes significantly towards a healthy growth cycle of the hair (stimulates the anagen or the growth phase). In the case of anemia, to meet the iron requirements of the vital organs such as the heart, the body starts utilizing the ferritin stored in hair bulb and other non-essential tissues. This dip in the ferritin level affects the hair growth. A ferritin blood test often helps in the diagnosis of iron deficiency and anemia. Preventive measures to deal with anemia related hair loss With the iron deficiency and the associated symptoms being taken care of, the anemia triggered hair loss can be controlled and reversed. In addition to the medications and treatment, one also needs to take care of their general health and lead a healthy lifestyle. Never go for self-medication. It will only worsen the situation. Two individuals can have the same medical problem but triggered by different factors. Always consult a doctor before trying any medicines. Follow a healthy diet: People dealing with anemia and iron deficiency should enrich their diet with foods rich in iron such as lean meat, liver, spinach, beetroot, nuts and dry fruits (walnuts, almonds), prunes, parsley, broccoli (the florets), to name a few. Foods rich in vitamin C, almonds, are known to promote hair growth. Avoid drinking tea between meals as this unhealthy practice is known to interfere with the absorption of iron. Maintain a healthy hair care routine Oil massage your hair at least twice a week. Be gentle while combing the hair. Try and use a mild shampoo (or as the doctor recommended). Avoid excessive use of hair styling products and chemicals.
5849 people found this helpful

Haemophilia - Understanding How It Can Be Managed!

Dr. Anil Mehta 88% (668 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
Haemophilia - Understanding How It Can Be Managed!
Haemophilia is a type of disorder in which blood does not clots easily or in a normal way. Haemophilia A is one of the common types of disease which causes due to deficiency of blood clotting factor VIII. Haemophilia B is another type which is caused due to the deficiency of blood clotting factor IX. Haemophilia is a lifetime condition which has no exact cure but can be managed by treatment. Haemophilia is a hereditary disorder which is mostly seen in men but is also observed in women sometimes if they carry the gene. Symptoms of Haemophilia Symptoms of haemophilia can vary depending on the severity of the disease. In most of the cases, bleeding is the common symptom of haemophilia. Sometimes, haemophilia causes internal bleeding which if left untreated can cause joint pains. There are some other general symptoms seen in people suffering from haemophilia. They are listed here. Bleeding through the nose Bruising Bleeding seen in faeces or urine Continuous bleeding when removal of tooth, surgery and when injured Unprompted bleeding Bleeding seen in joints which lead to swelling and pain Bleeding seen in urinary and gastrointestinal tracts In some cases, internal bleeding happens in the brain which may come into notice during an injury. Such type of internal bleeding can be detected by the following symptoms. A severe headache Drowsiness Neck pain Severe stiffness in the body Abrupt weakness Problems in walking Treatment for Haemophilia The standard treatment of haemophilia involves mainly in replacement of missing clotting factor. As haemophilia is caused due to deficiency of factor VIII, the treatment involves the injection of factor VIII concentrates into the body which can be identified depending on the severity of bleeding, the site of bleeding and the age of the patient. Depending on the seriousness of the disease, factor VIII concentrates are given to the patient before going for surgery or dental extractions. This can help in preventing the bleeding. As haemophilia is a hereditary disease, it is advisable to concentrate on prevention rather than cure of the disease. In order to prevent the disease, it is wise to undergo a genetic counselling.
3606 people found this helpful

7 Reasons Why You Should Start Eating Karela (Bitter Gourd) Today!

BSC, Diploma in Diet & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
7 Reasons Why You Should Start Eating Karela (Bitter Gourd) Today!
Though it is bitter to taste, karela (bitter gourd) is packed with essential nutrients. It is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, B3, C, folate, zinc, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, and has high dietary fibre. Karela is extremely rich in iron and contains twice the calcium of spinach, twice the beta-carotene of broccoli, and twice the potassium of a banana. Drinking raw karela juice provides excellent medicinal benefits. It works as a tonic for diabetes and asthma patients. Read on to know some of the health benefits of this wonder gourd. Weight management: Per 100 grams of this fruit contains just about 20 calories, and is one of the best low-calorie foods. Coupled with its other benefits, this should find its way to anyone wanting to improve overall health. Diabetes: Karela has the chemical polypeptide-P, also known as plant insulin, actually helps in blood sugar control. It works as an insulin for diabetics. A glass of bitter gourd juice is one of the most well-known and successful remedies for diabetics. Rich in folate: Bitter gourd is rich in folates and one can get up to 20% of the recommended daily from about 100 grams of this fruit. Karela is widely consumed by pregnant and menstruating women to prevent anemia and to keep blood iron levels in control. In pregnancy, it helps in reducing neural tube defects in the developing embryo. Loaded with antioxidants: Alpha and beta-carotenes, xanthenes, and lutein - all these help in controlling the release of free radicals from the body and in reducing bodily inflammation. This is the most important reason for the development of diseases like diabetes, cancer, and premature ageing and bitter gourd helps in preventing or prolonging the onset of such diseases. Another independent antioxidant is vitamin C, and about 100 grams of karela provide more than 100% of the daily required dose. Good for digestion: Bitter gourd is widely used for its digestive properties. It improves mobility, relieves constipation, and reduces problems of indigestion. Good for the respiratory system: Bitter gourd juice is the best for treating your respiratory problems. Its juice is the best remedy for curing respiratory issues like cold, cough, and even asthma. Blood purifier: It is an excellent blood purifier. Karela juice is one of the best ways to detoxify the body if consumed in the morning. Though still to be proven, karela is known to help HIV/AIDS patients, as they contain phytochemicals, which are known to improve immunity and reduce overall infection and inflammation in the body. Methods of Use: Both the leaves and the bitter gourd per se can be consumed for their health benefits. The juice is the most beneficial method, though it might take you some time to acquire this taste. Whether it is for weight loss or diabetes, this offers the best medicinal value. Curries are usually prepared with karela in different styles depending on cooking preferences in that area. It can also be baked, boiled, and fried. After reading these amazing benefits, hope you will relish karela beyond its bitter taste. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
7649 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My father in law is a Chronic kidney disease's patient. He is in stage five. And not under dialysis. Now he not able to breath. And now become s worst. Not able to see his condition. Not able to eat or drink anything. How long he able to sustain. In this stage what is hs lifespan.

Dr. Ambadi Kumar 94% (2830 ratings)
MD, Fellowship in Intergrative Medicine, MBBS
Integrated Medicine Specialist, Kochi
More details needed to advice what is the cause of ckd what are the medications he is taking have you tried alternative therapy not able to breathe is because of fluid overload what are the latest blood work take a consult after providing details.

My CBC report shows RBC 4.5 Hb 13.1 Normochromic Normocytic So are these normal? Please me know I am stressed. I am 28 male, so is it okay?

Dr. K V Anand 93% (22428 ratings)
BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Normal RBC ranges are: Male: 4.7 to 6.1 million cells per microliter (cells/mcL) The normal range for hemoglobin is: For men, 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter. Normocytic normochromic anemias. Forms of anemia in which the average size and hemoglobin content of the red blood cells are within normal limits are called normocytic normochromic anemias. Usually microscopic examination of the red cells shows them to be much like normal cells. No need to panic. Talk to your doctor. Take care

My daughter's hemoglobin is below normal range. It is 9.6 and 10.6 respectively. We both take proper diet, eats dry fruits daily. It was unexpected for me as we take proper diet. Please suggest me what to do.

Dr. Shivram Sinwar 93% (7907 ratings)
M.D.(Ayu.) Basic Principles, B.A.M.S., I.P.G.T.& R.A., GAU
Ayurveda, Ajmer
Hi Lybrate User To Increase haemoglobin you can take Black Kishmish 80 pieces (20-20 prices four time's a day direct chewing) take at least two Pomegranate fruits in a day. Take syp Dadimavleh 20 ml two times a day. Take Draksha Avleh 10gm two times a day with milk. These medicines definitely increase your HB level. Tc Thanks Regards.
3 people found this helpful

Please suggest. Frequency my hb decrease now it is 8 and I have the habit of eating raw white rice.

Dr. Shashidhar 93% (5491 ratings)
Homeopath, Secunderabad
Please commit yourself to living a healthy lifestyle so that your Hb level becomes normal. Go for a general health check-up and let the doctor advise you accordingly. Start eating a healthy and balanced diet. Have lots of fruits and vegetables. ( with green vegetables which are good source of iron ). You can also be given iron supplements. Once your nutrition level improves, the cravings for raw rice would subside. Please go for regular health check up even if you are feeling better ( preventive health ).

i have Iron Deficiency how Its Effect On our Body! Please. Give some diet suggestion.

Dr. Jagdish Prasad Mehrotra 92% (1547 ratings)
General Physician, Gurgaon
Iron deficiency results anaemia body looks pael swelling over body weekness breathlessness ultimatly if hb level reduces very much you may have heart att test for cbc iron supplement with drug like fefol z 1 cap daily at 8 pm for 30 days repeat cbc take green leafy vegetables.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Anemia - What Should You Know?

Dr. Ankur Mittal 93% (158 ratings)
Hematologist, Ludhiana
Only children are prone to developing Anemia, adults are safe from this illness. True or False? Attempt this quiz and find out.
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695 people took this quiz

Relation of Dark Circles With Health

Dr. Jolly Shah 90% (1065 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Dark circles actually imply iron deficiencies. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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10901 people took this quiz

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