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Gestational Diabetes - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

It takes place only during pregnancy. Having a healthy baby is possible despite having gestational diabetes. You would require assistance from your doctor and practicing simple things daily to manage blood sugar levels. You might not have diabetes after the baby has been delivered. Gestational diabetes increases the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes, but it doesn’t necessarily have to happen.


The placenta during pregnancy, produces hormones that might lead to sugar build up in the blood. The pancreas generally makes enough insulin so as to counter this rise in sugar. If this fails to happen, the level of blood sugar will increase, which may lead to gestational diabetes.


Here are a few risk factors which increases the likelihood of having gestational diabetes:

  • If your BMI was higher than normal, before the pregnancy
  • The blood sugar level is high, but not enough for it to be diabetes
  • There are other family members who have diabetes
  • You’ve had the condition before as well.


Consult a doctor, for checking whether or not you have any chances of developing gestational diabetes. You have to consume sugary drinks for testing for gestational diabetes. This raises the blood sugar. After an hour you need to test your blood for seeing how your body responded to the intake of sugar. If the results show that the blood sugar level is above 140mg/dL, then you need to fast. After fasting for some hours, another blood test is necessary.

If the results turn out normal, then all is good. If you however have high chances of acquiring gestational diabetes, a follow up test may be required later to be sure that you haven’t developed gestational diabetes.


For treating gestational diabetes, your doctor may ask you:

  • To keep a check on your blood sugar four times or more in a day.
  • To check for ketones in your urine by doing tests.
  • To exercise regularly and make it into a habit.
  • To eat healthy and in accordance with what your doctor suggests.

Your doctor can best advice you if insulin or any other drugs may be required for you after tracking weight changes.

type diabetes
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Fatigue is the major symptom, but there may not be any symptoms at all Increases urine output

Popular Health Tips

Diabetes During Pregnancy - 7 Important Facts You Must Know About It!

Dr. Papolu Rama Devi 87% (33 ratings)
Advanced Infertility, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
Diabetes During Pregnancy - 7 Important Facts You Must Know About It!
Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that happens during pregnancy. Diabetes is referred to a condition where your blood glucose or blood sugar is very high. Although, glucose is good as it used by your body for energy, but excessive glucose in your blood can be harmful for both you and your child. Gestational diabetes is mostly diagnosed in the later stages of pregnancy. If gestational diabetes is diagnosed in the early stages of pregnancy, then it is quite possible that you may have had diabetes before you became pregnant. Treating gestational diabetes can help both you and your baby stay fit and healthy. You can protect both, yourself and your baby by controlling your blood glucose levels. Problems with gestational diabetes in first 3 months prem can lead to abortion or congenital authorities in baby. Mid trimester abortions, urinary and vagina infection can occur. Preeclampsia , chorioamnionitis also possible. In 3rd trimester preterm Labour, intrauterine death, large baby or small for dates can happen. Neonatal hypoxia, respiratory distress are common. So it has to be controlled strictly throughout pregnancy with diet, exercise and medicines. Here are 7 things that you need to know about Gestational diabetes: Every three to eight out of 100 ladies tend to develop diabetes during pregnancy, a condition known as gestational diabetes. Fortunately, it can be dealt with and even kept away by maintaining healthy lifestyle choices. Eating leafy foods and avoiding sugar-rich things, is a vital step for both control and counteractive action. Exercise, after consulting your doctor can guarantee that you have a healthy pregnancy. In diabetes, when your body's glucose or sugar levels get so high that the carbohydrates and sugars cannot be converted into energy, the excess starts accumulating in your body. This additional glucose can harm the vessels in your kidneys and all through your body, particularly in organs like eyes. Two or three factors might cause danger for creating gestational diabetes, both inside and outside of your control. If you are overweight before you get pregnant or while you are pregnant or your family history shows that you are hereditarily inclined to the sickness, you will probably build up the condition. One will have to stay on the right path as far as medication and insulin goes. Your specialist may prescribe that you require diabetic pills or insulin to help you control your glucose levels. Your weight can bring about complexities during the delivery in case of gestational diabetes. So it is best to keep your weight in check in order to have a smooth sailing pregnancy and delivery. Gestational diabetes can likewise put ladies at risk of contracting preeclampsia, which can bring about a number of side effects and complexities. Side effects brought on may start from swollen feet, legs, fingers, and hands to hypertension and even seizures or strokes. Apart from the risks of having gestational diabetes during your pregnancy, it might affect the child later on. Your baby may have a higher danger of obesity as it develops, both in the teenage years and youth. Youngsters who are overweight may suffer from type 2 diabetes in the long run.
2 people found this helpful

Gestational Diabetes - High Blood Sugar During Pregnancy

Dr. Uma 92% (1549 ratings)
MS- Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Gestational Diabetes - High Blood Sugar During Pregnancy
Diabetes is a condition wherein one suffers from high blood sugar levels. Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes which occurs only during pregnancy. It is certainly possible to bear a healthy child, provided certain lifestyle modifications are adhered to. Once the baby is born, the condition usually tends to disappear. However, this does make you prone to Type 2 diabetes (a condition wherein the body is unable to utilize the insulin effectively). High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can affect the baby. It usually gives rise to complications such as high blood sugar levels in the baby, impaired functioning of the pancreas in order to produce insulin, and excess sugar deposits in the form of fats. The baby might also become predisposed to jaundice and other breathing difficulties. Causes: Pregnancy causes the placenta to produce hormones that impair the functioning of insulin. The pancreas too does not produce the required amount of insulin. Both these factors contribute to the rise of sugar levels in the body. There are certain factors which may put you at risk of being affected by gestational diabetes Obesity A family history of diabetes Past history of the condition Treatment: There are measures one can adopt to reduce risks of this disorder. Shed the extra pounds and maintain optimal weight levels. An active lifestyle would ensure proper utilization of the insulin by the body. The main goal of treating gestational diabetes is to get the blood sugar levels back to normal. This can be done by: Insulin Shots: Insulin shots help normalize and regulate high blood sugar levels. Another advantage is that these shots do not affect the baby. Diet: A healthy eating plan helps prevent sudden surge in blood sugar. You have to be conscious of the type of foods you eat and be mindful of the portions you eat. Processed foods should be avoided; instead the focus should be on natural foods. Being Physical Active: Pregnancy does put certain restrictions on your mobility and your ability to perform certain exercises. Hence, an exercise plan should be designed accordingly. In times such as these, cardio vascular exercises, such as slow walk, swimming or Yoga should be enjoying maximum priority in your list of the doable exercises. Type diabetes
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High Sugar During Pregnancy - Tips To Help You Control It!

Dr. G.K. Bedi 84% (26 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
High Sugar During Pregnancy - Tips To Help You Control It!
Are you experiencing high blood sugar during pregnancy? This condition is known as gestational diabetes. It is associated with hormonal changes, which occur in your body during pregnancy. Women who are overweight, above the age of 25, and have a family history of diabetes are more likely to experience gestational diabetes. In most cases, the blood sugar levels return to normal after giving birth, and proper management enables you to keep away from any complications during pregnancy as well. Here are ways by which you can control your sugar levels during pregnancy: Develop an ideal diet plan. You should consult a registered dietitian for framing a diet, which is specific to your condition. Your overall health, age, and other health conditions, if present, are taken into consideration while shaping your diet plan. Cut down your consumption of sugary food items and drinks. Avoid having candies, soda, cakes, cookies, and all food products, which contain simple sugar in large amounts. This can boost your blood sugar levels rapidly and worsen gestational diabetes. Have three to four small meals regularly, and also eat snacks in between. Eating frequently prevents the crashing of your blood sugar levels between meals. Reduce your amount of carbohydrate intake. Instead, consume a lot of food rich in fiber like fruits, vegetables, and whole grain. Drink a lot of water every day. Sufficient hydration of your body is important for stabilizing your blood sugar levels to keep away from complications during pregnancy. Undertake regular, light activity after your doctor s approval. Activities like walking and swimming help in keeping your blood sugar under control. Exercising during pregnancy is also important for weight loss after giving birth. Buy a glucose meter and get your blood sugar levels checked frequently. Most common meters require you to prick your finger with a needle and drop your blood on a strip for testing. You can make changes in your diet and medication for preventing a hypoglycemic episode, based on your regular results. If your doctor recommends it, you should test your urine ketones. Ketones occur in your urine, while your body burns fat to produce energy. These are harmful for your growing baby. Apart from these, you should take insulin strictly according to your doctor s instructions. Your doctor will instruct you in detail about how and when to administer insulin. You will also be provided with information on storing insulin at a safe place.
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6 Pregnancy Complications You Should Never Ignore!

Dr. Haritha Yalamanchili 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
6 Pregnancy Complications You Should Never Ignore!
Pregnancy is considered to be one of the most challenging and important phases in the life of a woman. Pregnancy Complications are health problems that occur during pregnancy. They can involve the mother s health, the baby s health, or both. Some women have health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. Other problems arise during the pregnancy. Keep in mind that whether a complication is common or rare, there are ways to manage problems that come up during pregnancy. Some complications that might occur during pregnancy are discussed below: Severe Nausea and Vomiting: It is common for nausea and vomiting to occur during a pregnancy. In order to avoid this condition, one should consume several small meals throughout the day and completely avoid spicy and fatty foods. A persistent abdominal pain, severe headache, swelling and visual disturbances during the third trimester: This can be a fatal condition and often is a sign of high blood preeclampsia (pregnancy complication involving high blood pressure as well as damage to another organ system). It can be diagnosed early using good prenatal care which essentially comprises of frequent check-ups with the doctor and all the necessary treatment during pregnancy. Flu Symptoms: It is recommended that flu vaccine should be administered to pregnant women as they usually tend to develop the disease during their pregnancy. Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes can increase the chance of a larger baby at birth and create delivery complications, increase your risk for high blood pressure and cause the baby to have blood sugar problems after birth. If you are diagnosed, it s important to consult your gynecologist to control your blood sugar level, which can often be done through diet and exercise. Baby s activity level significantly declines: Sometimes, the activity of a previously active baby might decline. This can be felt by reducing the number of the kicks by the baby. The doctor has specific equipment that aids in identifying and resolving the problem. Bleeding: Heavy bleeding accompanied by abdominal pain and menstrual-type cramps during the first trimester might indicate an ectopic pregnancy (embryo is implanted outside one s uterus) or a miscarriage while occurrence in the third semester indicates placental abruption (characterized by the placenta separating from the womb s walls). Any form of bleeding warrants the immediate attention of the doctor. Steps to avoid bleeding include bed rest, avoiding heavy work, and keeping yourself hydrated. A Healthy Pregnancy- The best way to ensure a healthy pregnancy is to focus on the things you can control and don t obsess about what could happen. Take good care of yourself and your developing baby and talk with your healthcare provider when you have concerns.
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Gestational Diabetes - Signs You Cannot Afford To Ignore!

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Gestational Diabetes - Signs You Cannot Afford To Ignore!
Gestational diabetes is also known as gestational mellitus diabetes (GDM). It is a prevalent disorder which affects pregnant women and the main cause of this condition is the imbalance in the functioning of the insulin, which mainly happens due to the presence of human placental lactogen. Expecting mothers show a raise in their blood sugar level, especially during the last trimester of their pregnancy. Women who do not have a medical history of diabetes can also be affected with this condition. Prominent symptoms of gestational pregnancy include: Gestational diabetes does not have any prominent symptoms; it can only be diagnosed through proper and professional screening of blood sugar level. You should immediately consult a doctor if you have any of the following symptoms: 1. Increased level of blood sugar 2. Trouble to concentrate 3. Recurrent headaches 4. Increased thirst 5. Blurry vision 6. Sudden weight loss 7. Decrease in low blood sugar level 8. Anxiety 9. Dizziness 10. Pangs of hunger 11. Pale skin and dry skin 12. Excessive sweating 13. Persistent weakness How can you manage gestational diabetes? Modification of lifestyle pattern, healthy food habits and moderate physical exercise can help minimize the risk of gestational diabetes in expecting mothers. In order to manage gestational diabetes, the following things should be followed: 1. The treatment when accompanied with balanced diet and routine exercises, reduces the occurrence of health problems in both mother and child. 2. A routine screening for type ii diabetes should be conducted throughout the pregnancy, to ensure early detection and treatment of the same. 3. A diet rich in fiber and whole grains minimizes the risk of diabetes in pregnancy, fresh fruits and vegetables are also known to check the blood sugar level in expecting mother, minimizing the occurrence of health problem in both mother and child. 4. Giving up the use of cigarettes and other forms of tobacco may reduce the chances of gestational diabetes in female smokers. How Does Gestational Diabetes affect Pregnancy? Gestational diabetes is harmful for both the expecting mother and the child. It increases the risk of complications in pregnancy that can prove to be fatal. Potential risks of gestational pregnancy include: 1. Increased risk of needing a C-section 2. Miscarriage 3. Preeclampsia and high blood pressure 4. Preterm chance of birth
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Popular Questions & Answers

My wife is 26 week pregnant. Her 75g glucose tolerant test result is 133. Dr. Said it's border line. It should be below 140. 5.5 kg weight increased in last 2 month (5th & 6th month of pregnancy ). Dr. Prescribed BGR-34 for precaution for Gestational diabetes Is BGR-34 safe in pregnancy? Can blood glucose level control through diet without taking medicine? 140-199 is prediabetes. Is level above 140 considered as a Gestational diabetes?

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 95% (12739 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. To diagnose Gestational diabetes following criteria are considered: Fasting >92 mg, on 75 g glucose 1 hour level should be >180 mg & 2 hour glucose > 153 mg. The level mentioned 133 mg is at what time after taking 75 g of glucose? Plus the tablet mentioned is an ayurvedic preparation without any clinical studies. I would never give it in pregnancy. First of all whether she has GDM is itself a question mark. I hope you have followed all the details mentioned. Please take care. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Should I take metformin in my 35 weeks of pregnancy to treat gestational diabetes? Fasting sugar: 98 postprandial: 134.

Dr. Veronica Tiwari 86% (12 ratings)
Ms obg, Dnb obg
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Do a comprehensive monitoring of blood glucose 5 times a day which is called smbg self monitoring of blood glucose please email or call me for details.

I have done hba1c test. It shows 5.8.average sugar level considering hba1c is 120 Thyroid profile also normal. Shud I be worried about diabetes Age: 31 years old. Was diagnosed wit gestational diabetes 1 year ago.

Dr. Nikhil Prabhu 93% (534 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
HbA1c is borderline prediabetes. Patients with gestational diabetes has increased chance of developing diabetes in future. Your weight is 64 and height is 5 ft. It suggests you are overweight. At present it is advisable to loose weight with diet and exercise. Please consult any dietitian for weight loss meal plan.
1 person found this helpful

Hello. My Age 23 my height 5'5 .I have interested join in air Force .But my height was getting problem. Feeling depress. 1 DOCTOR ANSWERED I am having gestational diabetes, sugar is high, please suggest diet plan for sugar control. I am having gestational diabetes, sugar is high, please suggest diet plan for sugar control. 1 DOCTOR ANSWERED I have acne problem from last 3-4 years. I take medicines which doctor prescribes me. But still I have acne. I did every. I have acne problem from last 3-4 years. I take medicines which doctor prescribes me. But still I have acne. I did every. 1 DOCTOR ANSWERED.

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 95% (12739 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Gestational diabetes is a condition that occurs when a lady is pregnant and high blood glucose is detected during weeks of pregnancy. This is not seen in males. It is possible you may be having diabetes itself or a prediabetic condition. If blood glucose levels are mentioned then I may be able to say what is the situation. As regards acne, some times that problem does continue for quite some time. Thanks.

Health Quizzes

Gestational Diabetes - What Are The Foods That You Must Avoid?

Dr. Sagar 87% (28 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Pune
Milk is very good food for gestational diabetes. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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MS , Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
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Drinking lots of juice and soda can cause diabetes. True or False?
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