What is Gestational Diabetes?
It takes place only during pregnancy. Having a healthy baby is possible despite having gestational diabetes. You would require assistance from your doctor and practicing simple things daily to manage blood sugar levels. You might not have diabetes after the baby has been delivered. Gestational diabetes increases the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes, but it doesn’t necessarily have to happen.
The placenta during pregnancy, produces hormones that might lead to sugar build up in the blood. The pancreas generally makes enough insulin so as to counter this rise in sugar. If this fails to happen, the level of blood sugar will increase, which may lead to gestational diabetes.
Here are a few risk factors which increases the likelihood of having gestational diabetes:
For treating gestational diabetes, your doctor may ask you:
Your doctor can best advice you if insulin or any other drugs may be required for you after tracking weight changes.type diabetes
Gestational diabetes, as the name suggests, occurs during gestation or pregnancy when the blood sugar levels exceed the normal level. Gestational diabetes, like other form of diabetes, affects how your body cells use glucose or sugar during pregnancy, and usually disappears after you’ve given birth.
Causes and symptoms to look out for!
During gestation, the placenta produces hormones that lead to the accumulation of blood glucose. Under normal condition, the pancreas forms enough insulin to counter the buildup of blood glucose. The level of blood sugar rises when the pancreas fails to produce adequate insulin to manage your blood sugar.
Usually, women with gestational diabetes do not show symptoms. So, the presence of the condition can go unnoticed if they are not diagnosed during routine checkups and screening tests. Nevertheless, if the condition goes out of control, you may feel tired, feel thirsty or hungry, or feel the urge to urinate more often.
What are the risk factors?
About 2-10% of pregnant women are affected by gestational diabetes every year. The following factors are likely to put you at risk of developing gestational diabetes-
What is the treatment for gestational diabetes?
Urine tests are performed to check for ketones. In a non-diabetic person, glucagon, insulin and other hormones avert ketone levels in your blood from soaring up too high. Once you’re diagnosed with gestational diabetes, it’s important that you consult your doctor for treatment. Uncontrolled blood sugar level can affect you and your baby’s health after birth. This condition can be treated in the following ways-
Post treatment the blood sugar levels usually come down to normal within 4-6 weeks of giving birth.
With the third trimester (from the 7th month to the time of delivery) of pregnancy, you move a step closer to welcoming the happiness that you have long been waiting for, braving so many complications and pregnancy woes. While all the trimesters are crucial, stepping into the third trimester, a pregnant woman needs to be extra careful. Be it her diet, medications, or health check-ups, proper care and precautionary measures should be followed to ensure both the mother and baby stay healthy and disease-free.
Health check-ups: No matter how healthy you or the baby are, do not skip even a single health checkup or doctor's appointment. Incidences of Gestational Diabetes, Preeclampsia, Anemia, can be observed in many pregnant women during the later stages of pregnancy, which, if left unattended can complicate the pregnancy. Thus, any uneasiness or discomfort, no matter how small, should be brought to the notice of your attending physician. When it comes to the well being of the baby, taking chances is just not an option.
Rest, sleep and relax: With all the hormonal changes and the growth and development of the fetus, body aches, fatigue (physical as well as mental), and tiredness are inevitable, especially during the third trimester. Stay happy and relaxed as much as you can. While a sound sleep and proper rest are vital, listening to soft and soothing music or meditation can work wonders to keep you relaxed, thereby uplifting your mood.
Try and avoid climbing too many stairs during this stage. Avoid bending too much or doing strenuous and physically and mentally exhausting work (household chores or professional commitments).
Enrich your diet with avocados, kiwi, melon, strawberry, nuts, seeds, wholemeal toast, bacon (lean), salmon, Brussels sprouts, lean beef, green leafy vegetables, broccoli, eggs, pork, milk and dairy products during the third trimester.
Processed and fast foods, raw papaya, uncooked or raw vegetables and meat, aloe vera, fenugreek, pineapple, unpasteurized milk, can, however, trigger complications and are best left avoided during the third trimester.
Overeating just because you are carrying a life within does not make any sense. Instead, it can trigger heartburn and acidity. Having small meals at regular time intervals will be more beneficial. To deal with heartburns, one should also avoid retiring to bed immediately after a meal. Increased intake of dietary fibres goes a long way to prevent constipation (common during the third trimester). In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Gestational diabetes is a condition characterized by higher than normal blood sugar levels during pregnancy. The symptoms of this disorder are mild and a blood test has to be conducted as a part of the diagnosis. In all cases, the women should be administered treatment to avoid medical complications associated with it and to be on the safer side. Proper diagnosis is absolutely essential in the case of women with prediabetes or those women who had diabetes prior to pregnancy.
When the insulin receptors fail to function normally, the blood sugar levels may rise. This is known to be one of the causes of gestational diabetes. Post pregnancy, the symptoms of gestations diabetes disappear on their own; however, such patients are an in increased risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes at a later stage. Moreover, children born to mothers with gestations diabetes are at an increased risk of suffering from conditions such as jaundice, diabetes, and certain other health issues.
As a part of gestational diabetes treatment, the expecting mother is advised to consume a nutritious diet, practice a daily exercise regime, and monitor blood sugar levels on a regular basis. Nonetheless, if your blood sugar levels become extremely high, you may be advised to take specific medicines to control it and avoid complications.
The following are some of the treatment methods used to manage gestational diabetes:
Conclusion: On a concluding note, you should note that the above treatments for gestational diabetes should be practiced only after a thorough discussion with the doctor. Keep in mind that during pregnancy you have to adopt a precarious approach; by doing so, you can prevent you and your baby from getting adversely affected. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Are you experiencing high blood sugar during pregnancy? This condition is known as gestational diabetes. It is associated with hormonal changes, which occur in your body during pregnancy. Women who are overweight, above the age of 25, and have a family history of diabetes are more likely to experience gestational diabetes. In most cases, the blood sugar levels return to normal after giving birth, and proper management enables you to keep away from any complications during pregnancy as well.
Here are ways by which you can control your sugar levels during pregnancy:
Apart from these, you should take insulin strictly according to your doctor’s instructions. Your doctor will instruct you in detail about how and when to administer insulin. You will also be provided with information on storing insulin at a safe place. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The disease itself may not discriminate on the gender basis, but when it comes to healthcare for patients with diabetes, women find themselves at a disadvantage as compared to men. Studies indicate that diabetes, a disease that affects over 371 million people worldwide takes a greater toll on women than men. Though, hormones in women do account for some of the unique challenges they have to face, but there are other societal factors as well that bring in the differences.
This World Diabetes Day is about promoting the significance of affordable care for diabetes and equitable access for all women at risk or living with diabetes to essential medicines, technological information and self-management education they require and achieve an optimal outcome to strengthen their adequacy to prevent type-2 diabetes. Because it's your right to a healthy and disease-free future!
So, how will you know if you are suffering from this deadly disease – Diabetes?
Women with diabetes experience many of the same symptoms as that of men. However, there are some that are specific to women.
Symptoms experienced by both women and men:
Increased thirst and hunger
Unnecessary weight loss or gain
Wounds that heal slowly
Breath that has a sweet or fruity odor
Reduced feeling in hands or feet
Symptoms unique to women:
Vaginal yeast infections
Female sexual dysfunction
Diabetes is the ninth leading cause of death in women globally, causing 2.1 million deaths each year. Two out of every five women suffering from diabetes are of reproductive age. Women with diabetes have more difficulty conceiving and may have poor pregnancy outcomes.
Diabetes and Pregnancy
The affect of Diabetes, in a pregnancy, will not be great, if controlled properly. Women with diabetes should talk to their gynaecologists while planning to conceive so that they can control their blood sugar levels even before getting pregnant. Your gynaecologist will help you control and monitor your diabetes and blood sugar levels during pregnancy.
And, if you fail to get your blood sugar levels under control during pregnancy, you may experience severe risks:
Difficult delivery or cesarean section (C-section)
Having a large baby
Low blood glucose in a newborn
Breathing problems in the newborn
Yellowing skin and eyes (jaundice) in a newborn
Worsening diabetic eye problems and kidney problems for the mother
Urinary or bladder infections
What is Gestational Diabetes?
When diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes. It is usually diagnosed at the first week of pregnancy. Like in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, blood sugar levels become too high. When a woman is pregnant, more glucose is required to nourish the baby developing inside her womb. During this time, the body needs additional insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. In some women, the body does not produce enough insulin to meet this need, and blood sugar levels rise, resulting in gestational diabetes.
Fortunately, for most women, gestational diabetes will go away once the baby is delivered. However, women who have had gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing type-2 diabetes. Further, people suffering from PTSD are at higher risk and should consult their doctors immediately and those who are presently affected with Diabetes should consult for pre-conception consultation.
Risk Factors for Diabetes in Women
You are at risk for type-2 diabetes if you:
are overweight or obese
are older than 45
have a family history of diabetes (parent or sibling)
have had gestational diabetes
have had a baby with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds
have high blood pressure
have high cholesterol
have other health conditions that are linked to problems using insulin, such as PCOS
Diabetes Treatment Options
There are various medications you can take to control the symptoms of diabetes. These include:
Sulfonylureas like chlorpropamide, which increase pancreatic insulin secretion
Metformin (Glucophage), which reduces blood sugar
A change in your diet and lifestyle can also help women control their diabetes
Exercise and maintain a healthy weight
Monitor your blood sugar
Eat a diet focused on fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
Strictly avoid smoking cigarettes
Women with diabetes can try other alternative remedies to treat the symptoms, such as
Take supplements like chromium or magnesium
Take plant supplements
But, always remember to consult with your doctor before trying any new treatment. Even if they are natural, they can intrude with your on-going treatment or medications. So, this World Diabetes Day, take a pledge towards healthy living, because your health is important to someone else!
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
What is Gestational Diabetes?