Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Last Updated: Nov 01, 2019
Change Language

Gestational Diabetes - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Gestational Diabetes? What are the warning signs of gestational diabetes? What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes? What causes gestational diabetes? Risk factors for gestational diabetes: Treatment for gestational diabetes: What is the management of gestational diabetes? What are the home remedies for gestational diabetes? What can you not eat when you have gestational diabetes?

What is Gestational Diabetes?

It takes place only during pregnancy. Having a healthy baby is possible despite having gestational diabetes. You would require assistance from your doctor and practicing simple things daily to manage blood sugar levels. You might not have diabetes after the baby has been delivered. Gestational diabetes increases the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes, but it doesn’t necessarily have to happen.

What are the warning signs of gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes is raised blood glucose levels during pregnancy. It develops in 5 % of all pregnancies but usually disappears after giving birth. Women who have suffered from gestational diabetes during pregnancy are also at high risk (up to 40%) to develop type 2 diabetes.

The doctor screens the patient for gestational diabetes, usually between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. The test checks the blood glucose level after a glucose load. Pregnant women show few definite signs of gestational diabetes which are similar to traits of diabetes.

Signs of gestational diabetes include:

  • Feeling thirsty: Pregnant women feel a lot more thirsty even when they haven’t done anything that would make them have a glass of water.
  • Being tired:. Feeling tired, even early in the day, maybe a sign of gestational diabetes.
  • Having a dry mouth: Dry mouth is another subtle sign observed with an increased thirst. Dry mouth and increased thrust can be an key indication of gestational diabetes.

What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?

Women with gestational diabetes may experience few symptoms such as:

  • Unusual thirst
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Fatigue
  • Sugar in the urine(detected through a routine practitioner visit)
  • Weight gain during pregnancy
  • Extreme hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent bladder, skin or vaginal infections

Any woman experiencing unusual symptoms during pregnancy should speak to her doctor who may be able to determine whether the symptoms are due to gestational diabetes or any other health condition.

What causes gestational diabetes?

When the body is unable to produce enough insulin or does not use the produced insulin effectively, it results in a high level of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia). There are various types of diabetes like Type-1, Type –II, gestational and pre-diabetes. The main cause of gestational diabetes problem is hormonal changes during pregnancy. The placenta produces hormones and these hormones make cells less sensitive to the effects of insulin. This results in high blood sugar during pregnancy.

Risk factors for gestational diabetes:

Gestational diabetes affects 2% and 10% of pregnant women. A woman is more likely to have gestational diabetes if she:

  • Was overweight or obese before getting pregnant.
  • Is Asian, Native American, African-American or Hispanic.
  • Has a family history of this ailment.
  • Have had gestational diabetes before.
  • Has high blood pressure or any other medical complications.
  • Has given birth to a baby having a weight of more than 9 pounds.
  • Has given birth to a baby that had certain birth defects.
  • Is older than 25.

Treatment for gestational diabetes:

For treating gestational diabetes, your doctor may ask you:

  • To keep a check on your blood sugar four times or more in a day.
  • To check for ketones in your urine by doing tests.
  • To exercise regularly and make it into a habit.
  • To eat healthy and in accordance with what your doctor suggests.

Your doctor can best advice you if insulin or any other drugs may be required for you after tracking weight changes.

What is the management of gestational diabetes?

During Pregnancy

The chances of having gestational diabetes during pregnancy can be reduced by controlling blood sugar levels. For this:

  • Checking your blood sugar level on a regular basis is important.
  • Making changes in the diet can help control blood sugar level. It is mandatory to eat regularly and avoid skipping meals. One must eat starchy & low glycemic index foods that release sugar slowly such as whole wheat pasta, brown rice, bran cereals, pulses, beans, lentils, muesli and porridge. Eating plenty of fruit & vegetables and avoiding sugary foods also help in managing blood sugar levels.
  • Exercise: Light intensity exercise is recommended for pregnant women.
  • Medication: The doctor may also prescribe medication to control blood sugar levels like metformin or insulin injections. These medications will be stopped after giving birth.

GIVING BIRTH

The ideal time to give birth if a woman has gestational diabetes is usually around 38-40 weeks. If the blood sugar levels are within normal levels, then there are no concerns regarding the or your baby’s health, and one can wait for labor to start naturally.

AFTER BIRTH

It’s important that a mother should feed her baby as soon as possible after birth and at regular intervals until the baby’s blood sugars become stable. The baby’s blood sugars should be tested two to four hours after birth and if found low, the baby will have to be fed temporarily through a tube or a drip.

A woman should get her blood test done to check for diabetes 6-13 weeks after birth. This is because some women have gestational diabetes or raised blood sugar levels even after pregnancy. If the result is normal, it is still advised to have an annual test for diabetes. This is because women who suffered from gestational diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes.

What are the home remedies for gestational diabetes?

Some of the home remedies to manage the diabetes are as follows :

  1. Bitter gourd or karela:Bitter gourd consist of Charatin and Momordicin. These two essential compounds are very effective in lowering the raised blood sugar levels‎.
  2. Fenugreek:Fenugreek aids in controlling diabetes, lowering blood sugar levels, improving glucose tolerance and stimulating the secretion of glucose-dependent insulin.
  3. Mango leaves:Fresh mango leaves can be boiled in a glass of water which can be left to cool overnight. This water should be consumed the next morning on an empty stomach.
  4. Indian gooseberry or amla:Indian gooseberry or amla is one of the richest sources of vitamin C and helps the pancreas to produce optimum so that the blood glucose levels remain balanced.
  5. Drumstick or moringa leaves:The drumstick or moringa leaves are best known for their ability to maintain blood sugar levels and boost one's energy.

What can you not eat when you have gestational diabetes?

Avoid all processed foods like white bread, and in general, anything that has a lot of sugar. It is also suggested to avoid fast foods, alcoholic beverages, baked goods like muffins, donuts or cakes, fried food, sugary drinks such as soda, juice and sweetened beverages and starchy foods such as white potatoes & white rice.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi I am diabetic taking glycomet 500 sr once before breakfast fasting - 93 and ppbs- 150 also taking olmy 20 mg which is the best multivitamin for weight gian.

Diabetologist, Marigaon
From your information what I understood, that you are suffering from type 2 diabetes and taking oad. Firstly pls mention your height and weight. Because in diabetes its better to loose weigh than gaining. Regards.

I am type 1 diabetic patient. I take regular h mixtard insulin thrice a day as 50u-25u-25u. My current sugar level is fasting-110&pp 210. Sometimes in morning I feel hypoglycemia and I behave like a mad. Is this is due to hypoglycemia? Also want to know that how men with type 1 diabetic plan for child. How much is chance of getting baby diabetic. How diabetic affects pregnancy.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, thanks for the query. Some times with insulin occasionally hypoglycemia does occur. When glucose levels go below 70 mg then some patients show different kinds of behavior. So if you have to take care and see that glucose levels do not go to...
1 person found this helpful

Sir I am taking teneligliptin 20 mg after breakfast, pioz 7.5 metformin 250 mg at night. Benitowa 8 mg and novastat 10 mg once daily. My hba1c is 5.9 fasting hovers around 120 pps 128 .bp 121/90. Lipid normal, serum creatinine 0.74 ,kft and lft normal, thyroid normal, why my diastolic pressure is elevated. Please suggest whether should I continue all medicine or not. On diet compliance. Weight 57 kg. Diabetes for eleven years.

DM - Endocrinology, MBBS, MD - Medicine
Endocrinologist, Bangalore
Hello sir, high blood pressure is equally important in treat in diabetes than just simply blood glucose, so your blood glucose well under control with medication you are taking but the blood pressure medications are not optimal, please visit your ...

Popular Health Tips

Gestational Diabetes - Know The Risk Factors!

MBBS, MD
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Gestational Diabetes - Know The Risk Factors!
Gestational diabetes, as the name suggests, occurs during gestation or pregnancy when the blood sugar levels exceed the normal level. Gestational diabetes, like other form of diabetes, affects how your body cells use glucose or sugar during pregna...
2103 people found this helpful

Colon Polyps - What Are The Available Treatment Options?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Colon Polyps - What Are The Available Treatment Options?
A polyp is a cauliflower-like growth on the skin or the mucosal surface. Colon is the medical term for the larger intestine and the rectum. A growth on the mucosal surface of this part of the intestine is known as a colon polyp. Although not visib...
1436 people found this helpful

Rhino-Orbito-Cerebral Mucormycosis - How Can It Help Diabetes Patient?

MD- General Physician-RU- Equi. MBBS, Diploma in Laryngology & otology
ENT Specialist, Hyderabad
Rhino-Orbito-Cerebral Mucormycosis - How Can It Help Diabetes Patient?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that leads to high blood sugar. This condition occurs when insulin a hormone produced by the pancreas is not produced by the body in sufficient amounts or the body can t use the insulin effectively. If left untreate...
1409 people found this helpful

Hormonal Problems Due to Pituitary Gland Disorder!

MBBS (Honours), DTM&H(Diploma Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology, Fellow in American in Endocrinology, MRCP (IREI)
Endocrinologist, Kolkata
Hormonal Problems Due to Pituitary Gland Disorder!
The pituitary gland is a very small gland. It is almost the size of a pea that is found at the base of the brain. It is also known as the master gland of the body because it produces many types of hormones for the normal functioning of the body. T...
707 people found this helpful

Pancreas Transplant - When Is It Required?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship - American Society of Transplant surgeons
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Pancreas Transplant - When Is It Required?
Pancreas Transplant is a surgical procedure where the damaged pancreas is taken out of the body of the patient and transplanted with the healthy ones from the donor s body. The pancreas is located in the middle part of the body that helps in the s...
3078 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Gynaecology
Play video
What Is A Comprehensive Eye Checkup?
Hello, I am doctor Leena Doshi,specialised in cataract, Lasik and glaucoma. Well today I am going to talk to you about what is a comprehensive eye check up? What do you mean by comprehensive checkup? What do you mean by vision check up? What does ...
Play video
Eye Diseases - Know About Them!
Hello, I am Dr. Leena Doshi. Today we are going to talk about certain eye diseases which cause either partial or complete blindness and how you can take measures to prevent it also a few pointers on that. As all of you know eyes are very precious ...
Play video
Diabetic Retinopathy
Hi, I am Dr. Nikhil Nasta from Mumbai. In this video I am going to talk to you about diabetic retinopathy. Many of us have diabetes or our near and dear ones have diabetes. Diabetes is not a very sweet disease to have, it can affect every part of ...
Play video
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Or Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) - How To Resolve It?
Hello, I am Dr. Tanvi Mayur Patel, Endocrinologist. Today I will talk about PCOS or PCOD. How common is this problem? Out of 100 women, nearly 30-45% of the women are having PCOS. At what age this disease occurs? This occurs mainly at the reproduc...
Play video
Diabetes In Pregnancy
Hi, I am Dr. Puja Sharma, Gynaecologist, Delhi. Today I will talk about diabetes in pregnancy. As you all know that diabetes is a very common disease. There is the hormone in our body by the name of insulin which regulates blood sugar. So, what ha...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice