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Infertility in Women: Treatment, Cost and Side Effects

Last Updated: Aug 31, 2019

What is infertility in women?

Infertility is a condition which prevents the conception of the baby. In other words, when a lady is unable to conceive after trying for over a year is known as infertility. One out of every 6 couples suffer from the problems of infertility. When the cause occurs within the female body, then it is referred as female infertility.

What are the signs of infertility in a woman?

There are many signs of infertility in a woman. Few of them are mentioned below:


Obesity not only brings trouble to your body but also negatively affect your reproductive health. Being overweight is a serious concern if you are unable to conceive after giving a lot of try for over months.

Irregular menstruation:

If a female is having a record of irregular menstruation cycles including missing periods, then there is a chance of infertility. Because irregular cycle means that a woman is not ovulating regularly. Therefore, it is advised to immediately visit a doctor and get the treatment done.

Hormonal changes:

If a woman is facing frequent hormonal changes, then it could be a serious problem in terms of infertility. Hormonal changes include:

  • Weight gain
  • Acne
  • Facial hair growth in women
  • Nipple discharge
  • Cold feet and hands
  • Lack of sexual desire

Dark colour menstrual blood:

During menstruation, if the colour of the blood is dark or pale than usual, this might be a sign of problems. If you also suffer any other kind of symptoms, you must go and visit the doctor soon.

Heavy and painful periods:

Women who face extremely painful and heavy periods might suffer from endometriosis. The symptoms of endometriosis includes:

  • Fatigue
  • Back Pain
  • Pain during sex
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Bowel problems

It is to be mentioned that one of the reasons of infertility is endometriosis, Therefore, if a woman is suffering from above such problems, it is advised to see a doctor immediately.

Painful intercourse:

Many women go through painful intercourse which is also known as dyspareunia. This problem may also lead to infertility in women. You must immediately go and visit a gynecologist near you in such condition.

What are the main causes of infertility in females?

The main causes of infertility in females are described below:

  • Hormonal imbalance:

    The hormonal changes in your body may obstruct you from getting pregnant. Due to the imbalance, the eggs from the ovary could not be released which ultimately leads to infertility.

  • Cervical problems:

    Sometimes the sperm are unable to pass the cervical canal due to some conditions faced by a woman.

  • Damaged Fallopian tubes:

    The eggs from the ovaries are carried to the uterus (where the baby develops) by the Fallopian tube. Sometimes, this tube can get damaged due to pelvic infection, pelvic surgery or endometriosis. Damaged Fallopian tube could also stop sperm reaching the eggs.

The other problems which can give rise to infertility are eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia, tumor, excessive consumption of alcohol, thyroid problems, obesity, stress, depression and many others.

What are the different types of female infertility tests?

  • Laparoscopy:

    It is a process in which a doctor puts a laparoscope inside your body to view the outside of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Laparoscope is a slender tube with a very small camera on the top of it which let the doctor to view your internal organs. Using this tube, the doctors are able to check the abnormal growth.

  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG):

    In this process, a medical professional will inject a dye or a saline and air into your cervix, which will travel through the fallopian tubes. Using this process, the doctor will be able to check if the tubes are blocked. This process also involves X-rays and ultrasound.


What is the best treatment for infertility?

  • Laparoscopy:

    You may undergo laparoscopic surgery if you have been diagnosed with pelvic disease. It is a type of surgery in which a surgeon makes a small incision on your skin and passes a small tube inside the abdomen with a video camera attached to it at the top to look inside. It is a complex surgery which may lead to some complications.

  • Medication:

    If you are suffering from ovulation problems, your doctor will prescribe you some drugs such as clomiphene citrate, gonadotropins or letrozole.

  • Hysteroscopy:

    The doctor places a hysteroscope to your uterus through your cervix which helps in removing polyps and fibroid tumors and open up blocked tubes.

What are the home remedies for infertility in women?

  • Acupuncture:

    The process involves insertion of small and very thin needles into various points of the body. It helps in stimulating the body’s energy flow.

  • Yoga:

    Yoga is the best way to treat any kind of problems. It helps in maintaining the breathing techniques and promotes relaxation. By performing yoga on a regular basis, you will see a decrease in your stress level which is one of the reasons of infertility. Yoga also keeps your body postures perfect and can keep you away from lots of health problems.

  • Green Tea:

    According to a recent research, the antioxidant compounds found in green tea promotes fertility as it improves sperm count and motality.

  • Vitamins:

    There are many vitamins and minerals which are helpful in promoting fertility. Some of them are vitamin C, E, folate, iron, zinc and many others. Your doctor might suggest you some supplements too which helps in promoting good health.

  • Exercise regularly:

    The lethargic lifestyle is one of the main reasons for infertility. It is advised to take out one hour daily from your busy life schedule and perform exercises which will not only help you to get active but will also lessen the chances of infertility.

  • Relax yourself:

    As soon as your stress level increases, the chances for you to get pregnant decreases. This is because the stress level plays a vital role in a woman’s life to get pregnant. The doctors suggest to give time to yourself and relax your body as much as you can. In this busy life schedule, where everyone is suffering from work pressure, anxiety, stress, the chances of becoming pregnant are getting less.


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Written ByDr. Riddhi Doshi MBBS,Fellowship in Assisted Reproduction,DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)IVF Speciality
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