Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Ectopic Pregnancy - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

For getting pregnant, the ovary has to release an egg inside the fallopian tube, where this unfertilized egg remains for 24 hours. During this period the egg has to come in contact with a healthy sperm to be fertilized. After fertilization this egg stays within the fallopian tube for another 2-3 days, before it heads towards the uterus. The fertilized egg then attaches itself to the uterine lining and continues to develop and grow to give the formation of a baby.

But there are certain rare instances, when this fertilized egg remains within the fallopian tube with moving into the uterus or lands up elsewhere inside the abdomen which results in formation of an ectopic pregnancy. As this condition is not normal, thus in this case the pregnancy fails to continue normally, and so requires an emergency treatment in order to save the life of the gestating women. No-one can tell you why you can land up with an ectopic pregnancy. One of the most common reasons for the cause of this deadly problem can be a damage in the fallopian tube.

The other reasons that can cause ectopic pregnancy are:

  • Getting infected with an STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) just before getting pregnant.
  • Pelvic inflammatory diseases.
  • Scarring that occurred for previous pelvic surgery.
  • Having a history of developing ectopic pregnancy.
  • Use of fertility drugs.
  • Adopting IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) methods for getting pregnant.
  • Getting pregnant along with an IUD (Intra-Uterine Device) like Copper-T which is meant for contraception.
  • Unsuccessful tubal ligation procedure.
  • Unsuccessful tubal ligation reversal procedure.

When gestating patients are suspected of ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy tests and pelvic exam are done on the patients. Ultrasound tests may also be performed to get a peak on the conditions of the uterus and the fallopian tubes.

Because the fertilized egg just cannot survive anywhere else in a woman’s body other than her uterus, the fertilized egg must be terminated and removed to avoid serious complications in the pregnant patient. Medication and surgery, both are used as per the requirement of the patient for removing the egg from the pregnant woman’s body.

In the case of medication (if the pregnancy has not progressed very far), doctors provide injections of methotrexate for the patient to stop the tissue from growing any further and allows the body to absorb it gradually. In case of surgery, laparotomy is performed on the patient. Whereby the patient’s ectopic pregnancy or sometimes the fallopian tube is removed laparoscopically.

Though it’s hard, but women have good chances of getting pregnant again even after having an ectopic pregnancy.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
Light vaginal bleeding. Vomiting with pain and constant nausea. Very sharp and painful abdominal cramps. Pain on one side of the abdomen. Weakness and dizziness. Pain in places like the rectum, shoulders and neck.

Popular Health Tips

Ectopic Pregnancy - Why It Can Be Dangerous?

Dr. Bhavna Mehta 91% (36 ratings)
DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Ectopic Pregnancy - Why It Can Be Dangerous?
Many women have concerns about an ectopic pregnancy and we shall be solving all doubts about this dangerous condition right here today. An ectopic pregnancy happens when a fertilised egg implants outside the uterus in a woman s body. Ectopic, in fact, means out of place . The fertilised egg usually implants in the fallopian tubes whose actual work is to transport the ovum or egg from the ovaries to the uterus for fertilisation. This is why such pregnancies are also called tubal pregnancies . Sometimes the fertilised egg can also implant in the cervix or the ovaries of the hapless woman. Normally pregnancies happen when a fertilised egg attaches itself to the uterine wall to grow and develop. Ectopic pregnancies are a serious condition and can cause internal bleeding and infection and even death of the expecting mother. That s why knowing the symptoms is so important. Common symptoms of ectopic pregnancy appear as the pregnancy matures. Initially the woman will have all the usual pregnancy-related symptoms like missing her period and breast tenderness, but soon the other alarming symptoms will start appearing like severe abdominal pain on one side, vaginal bleeding, severe cramps and nausea and vomiting, fainting spells and dizziness. One should seek a doctor s advice right away in this condition because ectopic pregnancy can be fatal. Why? Because as the fertilised egg is implanted in a part of a woman s body which is not built to look after it, the embryo can burst in the fallopian tubes, cervix or wherever it has managed to implant itself. This mini-explosion inside the body is a leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths during the first trimester. This can lead to internal bleeding and infection, which is lethal. Hence, the earlier an ectopic pregnancy is diagnosed and treated, the better. The only way to deal with an ectopic pregnancy is to abort it. The doctor can do this using either medicines or surgery. The medicine methotrexate can be used to end a tubal pregnancy. Surgery can also be used to remove the embryo. In some cases, doctors may have to remove the fallopian tube with the implanted embryo. This has a number of repercussions. The woman can become infertile. Even if the fallopian tubes have been scarred during surgery, it becomes difficult for her to get pregnant again. Ectopic pregnancies are also getting quite common due to a number of factors like an increase in sexually transmitted diseases which cause scarring of tubes and infertility treatments. If a woman is over 30 years of age, has a history of a pelvic inflammatory disease, a surgery in the pelvic area or has had an ectopic pregnancy before, she should be very careful indeed.
2458 people found this helpful

Ectopic Pregnancy - 4 Causes Behind It

Dr. Deepa Sethia 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Ectopic Pregnancy - 4 Causes Behind It
In a normal pregnancy, the egg that the ovaries release enters the fallopian tube. If a sperm fertilises it, the fertilised egg attaches itself inside the uterus. However, sometimes the fertilised egg can attach itself outside the uterus. This condition is called ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy can be detected in the first few weeks of the pregnancy itself. If your doctor does discover ectopic pregnancy, you would need immediate medical attention. Ectopic pregnancies can be sad and scary. The survival rate of the baby is extremely low, and you may need some time to get over your loss. Fortunately, one ectopic pregnancy doesn't mean you can never conceive again. Many women who lost their first baby to ectopic pregnancy have been able to have a healthy and normal pregnancy the second time around. The causes of ectopic pregnancy include: 1. An inflammation or infection of the fallopian tube can lead it to become entirely or partially blocked. 2. Scar tissue from a surgery or an infection of the fallopian tube may also hinder the movement of the fertilised egg. 3. Surgery in the tubes or pelvic areas in the past might cause adhesions. 4. Birth defects or abnormal growths can cause anomalies in the shape of the tube. These causes are usually followed by certain risk factors, such as: a) Age (The age group of 35-44 especially) b) An ectopic pregnancy in the past c) Previous abdominal or pelvic surgery d) Pelvic inflammatory disease e) Several prompted abortions f) Conceiving with an intrauterine device in place g) Smoking h) Endometriosis (growth of uterus lining tissues outside the uterus). i) Fertility treatments. The signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include: 1. Minimal vaginal bleeding 2. Vomiting and nausea with pain 3. Pain in the lower abdomen 4. Sharp cramps in the abdomen 5. Localised pain (Pain concentrated on one side of your body) 6. Pain in your neck, rectum or shoulder 7. Rupture of the fallopian tubes can cause fainting due to the bleeding and pain The treatment of ectopic pregnancy can be any one of the following: 1. If the pregnancy has not progressed too far, methotrexate will be administered. This absorbs the pregnancy tissue and can save the fallopian tubes. 2. The tubes may be removed if they have ruptured or stretched, and have started bleeding. 3. Laparoscopic surgery (operations performed by making minor incisions) may be performed to remove or repair the tubes and recover the ectopic pregnancy.
4320 people found this helpful

Ectopic Pregnancy - 3 Treatment Methods

Dr. Shruti Kainth Kaushal 90% (59 ratings)
DGO, MAOGD, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Panchkula
Ectopic Pregnancy - 3 Treatment Methods
In a normal pregnancy, the egg that the ovaries release enters the fallopian tube. If a sperm fertilises it, the fertilised egg attaches itself inside the uterus. However, sometimes the fertilised egg can attach itself outside the uterus. This condition is called ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy can be detected in the first few weeks of the pregnancy itself. If your doctor does discover ectopic pregnancy, you would need immediate medical attention. Ectopic pregnancies can be sad and scary. The survival rate of the baby is extremely low, and you may need some time to get over your loss. Fortunately, one ectopic pregnancy doesn't mean you can never conceive again. Many women who lost their first baby to ectopic pregnancy have been able to have a healthy and normal pregnancy the second time around. The causes of ectopic pregnancy include: 1. An inflammation or infection of the fallopian tube can lead it to become entirely or partially blocked. 2. Scar tissue from a surgery or an infection of the fallopian tube may also hinder the movement of the fertilised egg. 3. Surgery in the tubes or pelvic areas in the past might cause adhesions. 4. Birth defects or abnormal growths can cause anomalies in the shape of the tube. These causes are usually followed by certain risk factors, such as: a) Age (The age group of 35-44 especially) b) An ectopic pregnancy in the past c) Previous abdominal or pelvic surgery d) Pelvic inflammatory disease e) Several prompted abortions f) Conceiving with an intrauterine device in place g) Smoking h) Endometriosis (growth of uterus lining tissues outside the uterus). i) Fertility treatments. The signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include: 1. Minimal vaginal bleeding 2. Vomiting and nausea with pain 3. Pain in the lower abdomen 4. Sharp cramps in the abdomen 5. Localised pain (Pain concentrated on one side of your body) 6. Pain in your neck, rectum or shoulder 7. Rupture of the fallopian tubes can cause fainting due to the bleeding and pain The treatment of ectopic pregnancy can be any one of the following: 1. If the pregnancy has not progressed too far, methotrexate will be administered. This absorbs the pregnancy tissue and can save the fallopian tubes. 2. The tubes may be removed if they have ruptured or stretched, and have started bleeding. 3. Laparoscopic surgery (operations performed by making minor incisions) may be performed to remove or repair the tubes and recover the ectopic pregnancy.
2633 people found this helpful

12 Symptoms Of Ectopic Pregnancy

Dr. Reena Kawatra 91% (3646 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
12 Symptoms Of Ectopic Pregnancy
What is ectopic pregnancy? Ectopic pregnancy is also known as tubal pregnancy, is a complication wherein, the fertilised eggs attach themselves outside the uterus. In most cases, it causes severe internal bleeding and serious infections. It is a very serious condition that warrants prompt medical attention as soon as it is diagnosed. Mostly, in this type of pregnancy, the fertilised egg attaches itself to the fallopian tube inside the body; the reason why it is known as tubal pregnancy. In rare cases, the egg might attach itself to the cervix, ovary or parts of the abdomen. Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include: Appendicitis Salpingitis (inflammation and infection of one s fallopian tubes) Rupture of the corpus luteum cyst (a kind of ovarian cyst) Miscarriage Urinary tract infection Severe abdominal pain Excessive vaginal bleeding Pelvic pain Nausea and vomiting Peritonitis (inflammation of the membrane that lines the abdomen cavity) Rupture in the fallopian tubes which can lead to fainting and excessive pain Pain on one side of the body Treatment for ectopic pregnancy This complication in pregnancy can be diagnosed by an ultrasound as the doctor sees the growth on the fallopian tube. A pregnancy test or a pelvic exam also helps in detecting ectopic pregnancy. If not treated on time, ectopic pregnancy can prove to be fatal. Listed below are a few treatment options for ectopic pregnancy: A particular medication known as methotrexate is used to end an ectopic pregnancy. In some cases, one might need surgery to get rid of the pregnancy. In certain complicated cases, it might be necessary to remove the tube with the foetus. This kind of surgery which removes the foetus and the tube is calling salpingectomy. The surgeon usually makes a small incision near the navel and removes the tube using a laparoscope. Having an abortion due to this complication can be heartbreaking and emotionally distressing for the mother as it is just like an abortion where the entire tissue is removed from your fallopian tube. To get over the trauma of losing a baby, you could join pregnancy loss groups or avail help from a therapist.
2594 people found this helpful

Ectopic Pregnancy - 4 Causes Behind It

Dr. Pranay Ghosh 89% (20 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Diploma in Minimal Access Surgery, M.Med.Sci (ART), Specialist Training in Reproductive Medicine, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Ectopic Pregnancy - 4 Causes Behind It
In a normal pregnancy, the egg that the ovaries release enters the fallopian tube. If a sperm fertilises it, the fertilised egg attaches itself inside the uterus. However, sometimes the fertilised egg can attach itself outside the uterus. This condition is called ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy can be detected in the first few weeks of the pregnancy itself. If your doctor does discover ectopic pregnancy, you would need immediate medical attention. Ectopic pregnancies can be sad and scary. The survival rate of the baby is extremely low, and you may need some time to get over your loss. Fortunately, one ectopic pregnancy doesn't mean you can never conceive again. Many women who lost their first baby to ectopic pregnancy have been able to have a healthy and normal pregnancy the second time around. The causes of ectopic pregnancy include: 1. An inflammation or infection of the fallopian tube can lead it to become entirely or partially blocked. 2. Scar tissue from a surgery or an infection of the fallopian tube may also hinder the movement of the fertilised egg. 3. Surgery in the tubes or pelvic areas in the past might cause adhesions. 4. Birth defects or abnormal growths can cause anomalies in the shape of the tube. These causes are usually followed by certain risk factors, such as: a) Age (The age group of 35-44 especially) b) An ectopic pregnancy in the past c) Previous abdominal or pelvic surgery d) Pelvic inflammatory disease e) Several prompted abortions f) Conceiving with an intrauterine device in place g) Smoking h) Endometriosis (growth of uterus lining tissues outside the uterus). i) Fertility treatments. The signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include: 1. Minimal vaginal bleeding 2. Vomiting and nausea with pain 3. Pain in the lower abdomen 4. Sharp cramps in the abdomen 5. Localised pain (Pain concentrated on one side of your body) 6. Pain in your neck, rectum or shoulder 7. Rupture of the fallopian tubes can cause fainting due to the bleeding and pain The treatment of ectopic pregnancy can be any one of the following: 1. If the pregnancy has not progressed too far, methotrexate will be administered. This absorbs the pregnancy tissue and can save the fallopian tubes. 2. The tubes may be removed if they have ruptured or stretched, and have started bleeding. 3. Laparoscopic surgery (operations performed by making minor incisions) may be performed to remove or repair the tubes and recover the ectopic pregnancy.
4455 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I had an ectopic pregnancy in left tube due to which, my left tube was removed as well cysts from both ovaries were also removed during surgery. However, my right tube is healthy. What are the chances of getting healthy pregnancy again, and when should I prepare myself for next. Also, I have been taking met pco care for pcod problem and folic acids. How early can I expect?

Dr. Shanu Gairola 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Hello lybrate-user, your chances of conceiving are best within the 1st 3 mths after surgery. Hope other causes for infertility are ruled out such as husbands semen analysis and pelvic tuberculosis.
2 people found this helpful

I recently under gone ectopic pregnancy removal and my left fallopian tube was removed since it's was ruptured. Is there any way to prevent in future. Please suggest some tips on how to take care going forward and what is the gap you suggest before I start planning to conceive. Also I would like to know if there will be less amount of eggs produced or will there be irregular cycle since only tube produces egg Thanks in advance.

Dr. Bhavika Solanki Parmar 90% (137 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Dear Lybrate user, eggs are produced by ovaries and transferred by fallopian tubes. keep a gap of 3months to recover your health. have healthy food and walk you will conceive soon as your other fallopian tube is healthy . although it reduces the chance.
2 people found this helpful

My wife is suffering with ectopic pregnancy. Now it is 2 months of pregnancy. She is having back pain and dullness.

Dr. Hitesh Anand 87% (60 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Hi lybrate-user. Ectopic pregnancy needs abortion whether it is medical or surgical or spontaneous. So please go to obs gynae practioner as soon as possible. There are various complications which might arise if ectopic is not taken care of promptly. It might rupture bleed etc or get infected and people then land up in emergency. So it is advisable to get treated for the same without any undue delay to avoid further complications.

Me 15 Nov ko sex ki saare test negative aya to me phir b pill leli 3 din bleeding hua ultrasound report b negative aya per January me period nai aya to me dudh ajwain Khali to bleeding a gaya 7 din hua nrml period per isbar phir period nai aya is there any chance of ectopic?

Dr. Reena Kawatra 91% (3646 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
If urine pregnancy test and betahcg test is Negative, there is no chance of pregnancy, however if you still have any doubts get an ultrasound done to confirm for ectopic.
1 person found this helpful

Ectopic pregnancy, pain in lower abdominal region. Can be treated with medicines or require any surgery. Effect on fallopian tube.

Dr. Shaivalini Kamarapu 91% (286 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Warangal
If the sac is 4 cm size, haemodynamic stable, beta hcg less than 4000 medical treatment can help. If it's already ruptured laparotomy with resuscitation should be done.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

5 Things About Hair Loss!

Dr. Anuj Saigal 89% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Regular shampoo usage can lead to hair thinning and hair loss. Take this quiz to know more.
Start Quiz

First Trimester Of Pregnancy - Things You Must Avoid!

Dr. G.K. Bedi 86% (25 ratings)
DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
Getting enough sleep is very important during the first trimester of your pregnancy. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
Start Quiz

Oral Sex - Can Mouthwash Be Bad For It?

Dr. Sharmila Majumdar 91% (1447 ratings)
MS sexuality, M.Phil Clinical Psychology, PhD (behaviour modification), Certified in Treatment of Resistant Depression
Sexologist, Hyderabad
If you have just eaten then you should not do it orally. True or false. Read ahead to know more.
Start Quiz

Tips to help you select the perfect condom for yourself!

Dr. Viniita Jhuntrraa 92% (671 ratings)
MBBS
Sexologist, Jaipur
80% of men are wearing the wrong size of condoms. True or false? Take this quiz to find out!
Start Quiz

Exercising During Pregnancy - Is It Safe?

Dr. Vinod Kumar 87% (51 ratings)
MBBS,MD,FMAS,DMAS,FICRS
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
It is safe to exercise during pregnancy. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice