Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Vaginal Discharge: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Vaginal discharge is known to serve as a viable housekeeping function in the reproductive house of a woman. Inside the glands located in the cervix and the vagina is a fluid which carries away the bacteria and dead cells. This prevents infection by keeping the vagina clean. Most of the time, vaginal discharge is considered perfectly normal. The amount of the discharge varies, as can hue (the colour ranges from transparent to milky-white) and odor, depending on the menstrual cycle timings. For example, if you are sexually aroused, breastfeeding, or ovulating, there will be more discharge. The smell may vary if you are not concerned about your personal hygiene and have been diligent regarding it or pregnant. None of these different changes is a cause for alarm. However, if the consistency, odor, or colour seems slightly unusual, especially if accompanied by vaginal burning sensation or itching, it is safe to assume that the cause is an infection or some other condition.

The treatment of your condition depends upon the cause of the problem. For example, infection caused by yeast is generally treated with antifungal medications inserted into the vagina in gel or cream form. On the other hand, bacterial vaginosis is treated with creams or antibiotic pills. Trichomoniasis treated is done by the drugs named tinidazole (Tindamax) and metronidazole (Flagyl).

How is the treatment done?

Women who are experiencing the symptoms of vaginal infection due to which the discharge is somewhat irregular or abnormal, they require proper treatment. There are various established benefits of treating non-pregnant women which are to relieve the signs and symptoms of infection. There is another factor too that is potentially beneficial after receiving the treatment. The risk of developing sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and trachomatis gets reduced.

Tinidazole treatment involves the patients and their sex partners to be given either identical placebos or a single 2-gram doze of tinidazole. This treatment requires a follow up examination later. Other treatment methods include metronidazole taken at 500 mg/day orally twice a day for a week, metronidazole gel (5 g) applied intravaginally for 5 days, and clindamycin cream (5 g) applied intravaginally at bedtime for a week. Cindamuycin cream is oil-based which weakens the diaphgrams and latex condoms for 5 days after its use. Alcohol consumption should be negated for the next 24 hours of the treatment. Health care providers are supposed to consider the possible side effects, patient reference and other coinfections while selecting a particular regimen. Women should be strictly refrained from indulging in sexual intercourse and from the consistent usage of condoms during the regimen of treatment. Relapse risk increasing with douching. No data supports douching for relief of symptoms or treatment.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Eligibility criteria of age is between 18 to 45. Those who are facing the indications of vaginal rash, itching, burning sensation, or difference in the consistency, smell or colour of vaginal discharge are eligible for receiving the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A woman who has recently given birth to a baby is not eligible for the treatment of vaginal discharge through medications as she needs to breast-feed her baby. Girls who are under the age of 18 are not eligible for the treatment either.

Are there any side effects?

The side effects of the medications for the treatment of vaginal discharge include vaginal rash or itching, a bitter taste in your mouth, dizziness, headache, diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, weariness, and many more.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Keep following the instructions of your health care provider and visit the gynecologist in case of any significant change in the odor, color or consistency of your vaginal discharge (only in case of its recurrence). Be sure to take care of yourself by maintaining your personal hygiene. This can be done by keeping the vagina clean by washing it with warm water and a mild soap. Also, wear a clean 100% cotton underpants everyday and avoid wearing overly tight clothing to prevent the infection. Avoid the usage of scented soaps, feminine sprays, or douches. After you go to the bathroom make sure to wipe your vagina properly from front to back to avoid yeast infection.

How long does it take to recover?

It may take 4 days to a week for the medications to respond to the yeast infection in the vagina. Sexually transmitted diseases usually respond to the treatment within a week. If the infection spreads and reaches the pelvic area beyond the vaginal area, there is a possibility that the treatment will be longer than just a week.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of medications for the treatment of vaginal discharge ranges between Rs. 20 to Rs. 100.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The conditions leading to vaginal discharge usually respond to the treatment within a few days. The hormonal treatment response in atrophic vaginitis may take a few weeks as the vaginal layer requires time to strengthen. Infections are known to reoccur occasionally. Your doctor will determine a treatment which is more effective and suggest you various ways to treat yourself at home and also to potentially eliminate the causes and symptoms of infection.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative treatment methods available for vaginal discharge are apple cider vinegar (drinking two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar mixed with water treats leucorrhea), fenugreek seeds (soak one teaspoon of it in water overnight, mix it with honey and have it the next morning in an empty stomach), and indian gooseberry (mix one teaspoon of Indian gooseberry powder with honey to make a thick paste, then have it in an empty stomach every morning. Continue this treatment for a week and see the results for yourself.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs. 20 - Rs. 100

Popular Health Tips

Vaginal Discharge - Should You Really Worry About It?

DNB, DGO, MD
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Vaginal Discharge - Should You Really Worry About It?

Vaginal discharge is a normal activity carried out by the reproductive system of a woman to keep it healthy. Vagina and cervix consist of many glands and these glands generate fluid. The vaginal discharge is also a home to dead cells and bacteria, which may otherwise cause vaginal infection if not removed by the discharge. Therefore, discharge from the vaginal area acts as a cleansing process by removing all the unwanted and pathogenic bacteria.

What is vaginal discharge is all about?

It is quite normal for the quantity and color of the vaginal discharge to vary in different phases of a woman’s life. The quality may increase during the menstrual cycle, compared to the rest of the days. The same is the case with the color. It can be transparent to milky white. When a woman is pregnant, is breastfeeding, or is sexually aroused, the amount of vaginal discharge increases. The odor of the vaginal discharge, too, tends to vary. However, a foul odor is a sign that your hygiene of private parts needs to be taken care of. The odor differs in pregnant women too. Whenever there is a sudden or striking change in the odor, amount, or color of the discharge, a medical intervention is required. It is a clear sign of an infection and this is especially true if itching and burning sensation in the private parts accompany changes in appearance or odor.

When is it considered abnormal?

There can be multiple reasons behind abnormal vaginal discharge. One of the common reasons is the change of pH or bacterial balance. Women with diabetes are affected by an abnormal vaginal discharge. Use of antibiotics, steroids, and birth control pill can also cause abnormal discharge. Cervical cancer, pelvic infection after surgery, inflammatory diseases in the pelvis, trichomoniasis, vaginal atrophy, irritation in the vaginal area, and yeast infections are some of the other causes of abnormal discharge. The use of douches and other scented products in the vaginal area, too, can trigger excessive or abnormal discharge.

What should you do?

If you suffer from abnormal vaginal discharge, visiting your doctor is the first thing you need to do. Your doctor may ask you several questions to figure out the actual reason and accordingly advise treatment. For instance, if you are suffering from a yeast infection, antifungal medications are prescribed. If it is because of lack of hygiene, you will be prescribed antibiotics and the doctor will also share tips to maintain proper vaginal hygiene. To keep vagina healthy and prevent abnormal discharge due to reasons that are under human control, one can do the following:

  • Wash vagina with warm water.
  • If you need to use soap, use a mild one. The one you use for sensitive facial skin should be the right choice.
  • Bubble baths and scented products do no good for your sensitive parts, avoid them.
  • Even douches should be completely avoided. Any feminine product that includes scent should be kept off.
  • When you wipe your vagina, always wipe from front to back. The reverse motion means that the bacteria in the anal area can find a way to reach vagina.
  • Use of tight clothing can look chic but they actually promote the growth of bacteria. The same is the case with the non-cotton pants.
  • Always wear clothing that suits your geographical location and climatic conditions.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3518 people found this helpful

Bacterial Vaginosis: Understanding The Risk Factors!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Noida
Bacterial Vaginosis: Understanding The Risk Factors!

Bacterial Vaginosis is a vaginal disorder, which is caused due to a bacterial infection, and is characterized by abnormal vaginal discharges and foul vaginal odor. This is a mild disorder, which persists for only a few days and it happens when the bad vaginal bacteria outnumber the good vaginal bacteria.

The common risk factors of Bacterial Vaginosis are:

  1. Multiple sex partners: If a woman has multiple sex partners or has intercourse with a new sex partner, she may be at a higher risk of contracting the disease. This happens because frequent intercourses disrupt the balance between the good and bad vaginal bacteria.
  2. Lack of good bacteria: Lactobacilli bacteria is a type of good bacteria that helps to maintain an overall acidity (pH) balance of the vaginal environment. This type of bacteria is produced by the vagina itself. Thus, if there is a lack of this type of bacteria, the risk of getting bacterial vaginosis will increase tremendously.
  3. Douching: Douching refers to the activity of externalized cleaning of the vagina by rinsing it with water or some cleansing agent. The vagina is a self-regulatory organ, which can keep itself clean and there is no need to use external measures to clean the vagina.
  4. SmokingIt is a proven fact that smoking also leads to bacterial vaginosis. Smoking tends to add external harmful agents to your body, which indirectly affect the vagina by forcefully altering its acidity (pH) balance.
  5. Unprotected intercourse: Many times, sexual intercourse without a condom also leads to the disease. Under such a situation, the vagina comes in close and constant contact with external body parts of the partner and, thus, leads to the transmission of bacteria. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
3626 people found this helpful

Pre-term Labour - Factors That Can Increase Your Risk!

MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship in Fetal Medicine
Gynaecologist, Amritsar
Pre-term Labour - Factors That Can Increase Your Risk!

Pre-term labour, also known as premature labour, is when the body starts getting ready for pregnancy earlier than it is supposed to. The labour starts more than three weeks before the due date is. It can lead to an early birth. However, nowadays, the doctors can do a lot to delay the birth and stop a premature birth from happening.

Here are a few things that can increase your risk of a premature labour:

  1. Smoking
  2. Being over or underweight
  3. Bad prenatal care
  4. Alcohol abuse or using drugs while pregnant
  5. Having bad health conditions like hypertension, diabetes
  6. Being pregnant with twins or multiple babies

The symptoms of a premature labour include:

  1. A backache, usually in the lower back.
  2. Contractions with ten-minute intervals
  3. Cramping in the lower abdomen like during periods
  4. Leaking of fluid from the vagina
  5. Feeling nauseous, diarrhoea and flu-like symptoms
  6. Increased vaginal discharge
  7. Extreme vaginal bleeding

There are a few ways with which you can check or make sure whether you will be having an early labour or not. These are:

  1. Put your fingers on your abdomen
  2. If you feel that your uterus is tightening and relaxing and then tightening again, it is likely that you might be having contractions. You should time your contractions. Write the timings down when each contraction starts.
  3. Stand up on your feet and change your positions. Try to relax and stop the contractions.
  4. Drink two to three glasses of water
  5. Call your doctor immediately if you continue having contractions every ten minutes.

Sometimes women have a harmless false labour. It is called the Braxton hicks contractions. However, these are not a part of the labour. In case you have been diagnosed with pre-term labour, you will need treatment. These usually include:

  1. IV fluids
  2. Medicines to stop the labour and relax the uterus
  3. Antibiotics
  4. Medicines to speed up the growth of the baby’s lungs
  5. Being admitted to the hospital

In case you are unable to stop your labour, the doctor will get ready to deliver the baby. The baby is then taken care of, outside in incubators and then released once it is fully grown and healthy. If a baby is premature and is born early, most of them do well as they keep growing old. However, they do have a higher risk of problems. These might include autism, cerebral palsy, lung problems, vision and hearing loss, and intellectual disabilities. The earlier a child is born; it is more likely that they will face health problems. Therefore, it is very important that the mother, as well as the child, is taken very good care of before and after a pre-term labour or birth. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2654 people found this helpful

Gynaecological Infections You Should Be Aware Of!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Gynaecological Infections You Should Be Aware Of!

Most women suffer from gynaecological infection at least once in their life while some may suffer from them multiple times. The most common infections that affect women’s reproductive tracts are vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease or the dreaded PID. What’s even worse is the fact that these dangerous infections are often missed in women due to lack of information and the absence of health services, especially in rural parts of the country.

Let’s take a quick look at each one of the above four gynaecological infections:

Vulvitis
Vulvitis is an inflammation of the vulva, the tender folds of skin outside the vagina.

Common symptoms include-

  • Redness and swelling on the lips of the vulva
  • Itching
  • Clear, fluid-filled blisters
  • White, sore and thick patches on the vulva

Causes can include anything from the use of toilet paper, swimming in pools, synthetic underwear, rubbing against a bike seat, bubble baths to shampoos and deodorants…

Usually, urine tests, blood tests and tests for sexually transmitted diseases are used to diagnose this infection. Vulvitis can be caused due to a number of reasons and it’s also a symptom of other more dangerous diseases, hence its treatment is done taking all these factors into mind.

Treatment can include-

  • Avoiding irritants like swimming in pools
  • Sitz baths with soothing compounds for itch control

Vaginitis
Vaginitis refers to any inflammation of the vagina. Usually, the inflammation strikes the walls of the vagina. It can be infectious or non-infectious. This infection is common in women of all ages with one-third of women reporting suffering from the infection at some time during their lives.

Causes
These can be many like infection with bacteria, yeast, viruses etc. Chemicals in creams or sprays, and even clothing can cause the condition. It can be sexually transmitted too. Your hormones, overall health and other diseases you may have – all of these also determine whether you’ll get vaginitis. 

The 3 types of vaginitis are-

  1. Candidiasis
  2. Bacterial vaginosis
  3. Trichomoniasis vaginitis
  4. Viral vaginitis
  5. Noninfectious vaginitis

Vaginitis should always be taken seriously. If left untreated, vaginitis can cause PID which can lead to infertility. If you get a discharge- a frothy white discharge or a colourless discharge with a fishy disorder and see redness around your vagina and pain during urination or sex- don’t take it lightly, but fix an appointment with your gynaecologist ASAP. He or she will mostly treat you using antibiotics.

Cervicitis
This is an irritation or infection of the cervix. It is caused by a number of different organisms and it can be either acute or chronic. Common causes are sexually transmitted diseases or STDs like-

Symptoms

  1. Smelly discharge containing pus
  2. Pelvic pain
  3. Bleeding between periods or after sex
  4. Urinary issues

Pelvic exam and tests for STDs are used for diagnosing this infection. Treatment includes the use of antibiotics for the victim and her sexual partner to prevent re-infection.

Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection that affects the woman’s entire reproductive tract like the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. It causes scar tissue formation which grows between internal organs leading to chronic pelvic pain. PID can also lead to ectopic pregnancy or a pregnancy which happens when the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus. Untreated PIDs can lead to chronic infection and infertility.
The main cause of PID is bacteria. Intra uterine device use is also linked to PIDs.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3549 people found this helpful

Pre-Term Labour - Can There Be Complications?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Pre-Term Labour - Can There Be Complications?

A preterm labour is referred to a condition when the cervix opens up within 37 weeks of pregnancy. An ideal pregnancy lasts for a span of 40 weeks. If preterm labour is caused due to preterm contractions, the baby is born earlier. This results in serious health risks for the baby. At times it requires long intensive care for the baby to ensure no mental or physical damage happens in the long term.

What are the symptoms of pre-term labour?
While some women show evident signs of pre-term labour, some women present symptoms that are more subtle. Some unmistakable symptoms of pre-term labour include regular contractions, sense of tightness in the lower abdomen, vaginal discharge, diarrhoea, constant backache, bleeding from the vagina, watery discharge from the vagina, pain in the abdomen and abdominal cramps. One or more of these symptoms should be immediately reported to the doctor to negate the chances of any miscarriages or serious complications.

What are the risk factors?
While there are no proven risk factors of preterm labour, lots of factors have been tagged with a pre-term labour. Some of the notable ones include:

  1. Little pre-natal care
  2. Premature birth in previous pregnancies
  3. Giving birth to more than one baby at a time. This is especially applicable while giving birth to a triplet.
  4. A stressful event such as a personal loss or events related to extreme emotions
  5. Bleeding from the vagina during pregnancy
  6. Any infection of the genital tract
  7. Any complications related to the placenta, uterus and cervix
  8. Any birth defect related to the vagina
  9. Chronic health conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure
  10. Putting on weight more than the recommended level
  11. An excess of amniotic fluid
  12. Consumption of illicit drugs or smoking at a heavy rate
  13. The shorter length of the cervix than the normal one

What are the complications involved?
Pre-term labour cannot be stopped with any medical procedures. If pre-term labour is caused due to smoking or an infection, the same can be addressed. Any pre-term labour that eventually leads to giving birth can confront with complications such as low weight, problems related to the vision of the baby, behavioural problems and learning disabilities.

Diagnosis and tests:
A doctor will closely monitor the symptoms a woman is facing. In the case of regular contraction, a close look at the cervix helps a doctor to decide the condition of a patient. To be assured a doctor might recommend a full pelvic exam, ultrasound test, uterine monitoring, and maturity of amniocentesis. A test of the vaginal secretion further gives the doctor enough evidence about the possibility of a pre-term labour. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

4516 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 25 years old female I got medical abortion on 21st and I was bleeding since then with discharge from vagina as well. From yesterday onwards I have stopped bleeding. Is my abortion successful, what should I do now.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Please don't be panic. I suggest you to consult a gynecologist in person. We are here to help you in every aspect of your mental and physical health. Any sexual or psychological problems can be cured with the help of various methods and therapies. I suggest you to post your query with every detail here. We will help you in overcoming your problems certainly. Take care.

I am having a vaginal discharge abnormally high. Does it happen because of stress also. Major that can be taken to avoid it.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. The following may be the causes of LEUCORRHOEA: Improper or bad eating habits. Eating spicy and fried foods and lots of carbohydrates. Accumulation of toxins in the body. Unhygienic living conditions. Wounds produced by itching. Bacterial Infection. Anaemia and diseases like diabetes etc, Hormonal disturbances. Please consult your gynecologist for determination of the cause and for further treatment. Take care.

I am 35 yes female l had unwanted pregnancy my last menstrual period started from 16 Oct 2018 but now on this 16 Nov I missed my period I had taken pregnancy test which was positive. Then I had taken mtp kit .mifepristone on 23 Nov at 11 pm night followed by two misoprostol after 14 hrs orally then next two misoprostol vaginally with gap of 6 hrs. Then I had cramps and some vaginal discharge whole night. But now no bleeding and no vaginal discharge till today. What should I do consult gyanae or wait for sometime.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Please don't be panic. I suggest you to consult a gynecologist in person. We are here to help you in every aspect of your mental and physical health. Any sexual or psychological problems can be cured with the help of various methods and therapies. I suggest you to post your query with every detail here. We will help you in overcoming your problems certainly. Take care.

My gf is 18 year old and we had sex on 17 Oct her periods starts on 13 Oct to 16 oct we done sex on 17 oct. After 24 hour she takes unwanted 72 pill. After taking pill she bleeds from her vagina after 12 days taking of pill. Now she missed her period and we done pregnancy test on 21 nov but the result of pregnancy test is negative and now today 24 nov the white milky discharge come from her vagina. Im very upset and shes also so please give us solution shes not agree to visit hospital. And im very confused.

Diploma In Postpartum Depression, Formerly , House Job , Gynecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Him! First of all relax because if you had intercourse one day after she finished her periods, then she cannot get pregnant. Also there was no need to take unwanted-72. Now that you have taken, her periods are not coming because unwanted is a strong medicine and spoil the rhythm of your menstrual cycle. Wait and watch. No treatment.
16 people found this helpful

I'm 25 years female unmarried .my BMI is normal but i've pcod. My cycles are very irregular. I'm not on any medication. I want to reduce this normally. I'm taking balanced meal with regular exercise. I've brown to reddish vaginal discharge on my menstrual cycle but I doesn't have any discharge. What could be the reason? Does my 3 day minute discharge indicate a period or not? please let me know.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, Fellowship in Assisted Reproductive technology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hello, PCOD is polycystic ovarian disease which cause increase testosterone levels in women with androgenic features and multiple small cysts in ovaries. Its one of the most common reason for irregular menses, especially oligomenorrhoea. you have to be placed on low dose oc pills with myoinositol supplementation with reduction in weight with exercise and diet and increasing your daily water intake .All these for 3-6 months have been advocated for treatment of PCOD.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Vaginal Discharge
Most of the time, vaginal discharge is perfectly normal. However, if the color, smell, or consistency seems quite different than usual, especially if you also have vaginal itching or burning, you could be dealing with an infection or other condition.
Play video
Leucorrhoea (Vaginal Discharge)
Vaginal Discharge: What's Normal, What's Not?
Play video
Know More About Vaginal Discharge
Hi,

I am Dr. Jayanti Kamat. I am an IVF consultant, obstetrician and gynaecologist practicing for the last 20 years, I am practicing at Shrishti Fertility Care Centre and women's clinic. Today I will be talking about vaginal discharge, now vaginal discharge is a very common complaint, women of all ages complain of vaginal discharge. So what exactly is it, sometimes it is usually termed as Leucorrhea also. Now the complaint of discharge depends very much on the ideas, observation power and fascinated illness of individuals with women, now this vaginal discharge normal or abnormal should there be vaginal discharge at all. so scientifically the private parts that are the vulva and vagina are normally moised to some extent and this makes the woman comfortable, usually does not stain the under clothing but there are certain conditions in which the vaginal discharge is increased due to hormonal imbalance. So what are those conditions that is at the time of ovulation the discharge suddenly becomes watery a few days before menses it may also become then it becomes thick then it becomes take during pregnancy, after sexual intercourse and excessive discharge is seen in young girls just before they start their first menstrual period and a few years after they start their menstrual period. It is also increased in women who take oral contraceptives or birth control pills. A word about regular douching some women are under the misconception that regular douching improve genital hygiene, however washing away of natural discharge encourages the cervix to produce more discharge. Women magazines sometimes they advocate Deodorant product to sprayed on the private parts and vagina and valva to promote sexual attractiveness but on the contrary the chemicals which are present in this deodorant sprays, they irritate the skin and douching washes away all the protecting lactobacilli alters the pH and there are more chances of the women getting infection. Now what is abnormal discharge, so when can we say that the discharge is abnormal, if the discharge is accompanied with itching or redness, it causes a lot of irritation, unpleasant order or smell, burning sensation during urination, whether the colour of discharge if it is curd-like or yellow or yellowish green and if it is associated with pain during intercourse or dyspareunia. Now what are the causes of this abnormal discharge lot of women ask me why do we get this discharge and I keep myself so clean, so some of the causes are one, of course, it is poor hygiene then sexual intercourse with the Infected partner, public toilets repeated use of public toilets then douching has I have already mentioned, once you start destroying the natural perry of the vagina the women will be more prone to infection and cancer that we should never forget cancer or cancerous growth also give rise to discharge, so if the discharge is blood stained you have to be careful. Now, why should we pay so much attention to vaginal discharge because if this discharge is not treated, it can lead to complications? So what are those complications one is the pelvic inflammatory disease called as PID so here the uterus the tube and the entire reproductive tract gets infected? Then abnormal changes in cervix or mouth of the uterus now this abnormal changes can cause cellular changes, dysplastic changes and later on lead to cancer changes. Now, what about abnormal vaginal discharge in pregnant women does that affect them, yes, of course, it affects then it can cause premature rupture of membrane or the rupture of a bag of water even before the labor pain start or even before delivery. Now, this pack of water is supposed to be a protective shock absorber for the foetus and it protects the foetus from external infection. So when this bag of water ruptures the foetus will be prone to infection and the pregnancy will be at risk. The preterm delivery, what is preterm delivery? if the women deliver before nine months obviously she is going to run into complications, then chorreoamnoities i.e. infection of the Placenta and the fluid which is surrounding the foetus, endometriosis that is an infection of the lining of the uterus. Now, what is the treatment first and foremost self-medication is a straight no why you cannot see your neighbors prescription or your friends prescription and get yourself treated for vaginal discharge no, you have to get examined by a gynecologist she will ascertain the cause for your discharge and treat you accordingly. So how do we treat we usually give antifungal tablets or antibiotic tablets depending upon the cause of the infection, sometimes the treatment of the partner is also necessary to avoid the Ping Pong of infection between the partners. Then suppose a woman is suffering from chronic cervicitis or cervical erosion there are other modalities of treatment such as cryotherapy, laser cautery, then if a malignancy is discovered the treatment of malignancy will be something which is very specialized. Now what you have to do to prevent such type of vagina infection first and foremost routine cleanliness always use cotton underwear which can absorb the discharge avoid synthetic material nylon and avoid douching as I already mentioned because douching destroys the normal barriers of the vagina and makes it more prone for infection, you should avoid any type of sprays, deodorant sprays, safe sex practices and of course general health care and good nutrition which will allow you, which will give you immunity against the diseases. The very important point do not use very hot water to clean your private parts some people feel that if they use hot water they can clear away the infection very easily no and because of vaginal skin and mucosa is very delicate you can use lukewarm water or the tap water. Similarly, do not use medicated soaps like Dettol or Savlon, you can use a mild to mild soap. The thing here is you have to keep the area dry so you can just use a soft tissue paper and just pat it dry, you should not rub the private parts because again it cause the excoriation of the skin and make it more prone for infection.

So please do keep these tips in mind.

Thank You.
Play video
Vaginal Discharge
I m Dr Meera Sethi, I ll be telling you something very important topic which is the most common factor in women of all age group that is vaginal discharge.

Vaginal discharge serves an important housekeeping function in the female reproductive system. From where the fluid comes, where the discharge comes, the fluid is made by the glands inside the vagina and cervix, and this carries dead cells and bacteria. This keeps the vagina clean and helps to prevent infection. Most of the time, vaginal discharge is perfectly normal. Girls complain I am having the discharge, I am having the discharge, this discharge may be normal, this can vary in odour as well as hue, colour, depending on the time of your menstrual cycle. For example, there will be more discharge if you are ovulating, breastfeeding or sexually aroused. It will be different if you are pregnant or if you are not keeping your personal hygiene properly. However, the colour, smell, consistency seems significantly different and if it is associated with vaginal itching or burning, there can be some infection.

What causes abnormal discharge?

Any change in the vaginal balance of vaginal flora affects the smell, colour or consistency of the discharge. There are few things that can upset the balance like a fungal infection, bacterial vaginosis which is common in pregnancy or in women who have multiple sexual partners. Trichomoniasis, which is typically contracted after unprotected sex, pelvic inflammatory diseases, diabetes, sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhoea or Chlamydia, can be by the use of antibiotics. If the girl or woman is taking antibiotics for a throat infection, or urinary infection, she might have added symptoms of vaginal itching, because of the change in the vaginal flora, the fungal infection can be there. By use of douches, scented soaps, bubble bath, there can be an infection. During the menopausal period, vaginal atrophy leads to infection.


What are the types of abnormal discharges and their possible causes?

Cloudy or yellow discharges seen in gonorrhoea, frothy yellow or greenish discharge with a bad smell is seen in trichomoniasis. There can be symptoms associated such as pain and itching while urinating. Thick, white cheesy discharges are seen in fungal infection with symptoms like swelling and itching around the vulva. There will be painful sexual contact also. A white, grey or yellow discharge with vicious odour is seen in bacterial vaginosis with symptoms like itching and swelling of the vagina and vulva. Bloody or brown discharge is seen in irregular menses, cervical erosion, or there can be a polyp.

How to make a diagnosis of abnormal discharges?

You will be asked by the doctor of the abnormality of the discharge, that when does the abnormal discharge begin, what is the colour of the discharge, what is the smell if there is any if you have any itching, pain or burning in and around the vagina.

Do you have any sexual partner? Do you douche?

And the doctor may take a sample of the vaginal discharge for testing. So it is mandatory not to take any self-medication because the type of the discharge varies from person to person, and from time to time, and the treatment will depend on the type of infection you are having.

So how is abnormal discharge is treated?

Your treatment will depend on your causative problem. Like if there a is fungal infection, you will be treated with oral anti fungals, vaginal pessaries into the vagina and cream outside the vagina and your vulva. Bacterial vaginosis is treated with anti biotics orally and vaginal creams to be applied inside the vagina. Trichomoniacal infection is treated with oral metranedazole or tinidazole and vaginal pessaries are supplemented with it. If the patient is diabetic, it is very important to control the blood sugar levels, otherwise the patient will not be cured of the symptoms. In menopausal ladies, we give estrogen creams for local application to make the atrophic vagina very healthy.

Now, I ll be giving you some important tips to prevent the vaginal infection, which is a very common problem. So you have to keep your vagina clean by washing regularly with mild, gentle soap and warm water or hygienic washes. You should not use scented soaps and feminine douches. Do not use bubble bath or feminine sprays. It is important while going to washroom, always wipe from front to back to prevent bacteria from getting into your vagina and causing any infection. Wear 100% cotton undergarments and avoid overly tight clothing. It is very important to keep your perineal area or private parts dry.

I think this talk will help you in the prevention of a major problem that is vaginal discharge.

Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice