A Miscarriage usually occurs when the fetus dies before the 20th week of pregnancy. In medical terminology, a Miscarriage is also called a spontaneous abortion. Miscarriages are very common, according to a study, approximately 50% pregnant women can experience a miscarriage. Signs of a Miscarriage include severe back pain, weakness, fever, abdominal pain, acute cramps and mild to heavy bleeding. It is important to consult your obstetrician if you experience such symptoms.
What causes miscarriages?
Risk factors which can lead to a Miscarriage:
A woman can also experience a Miscarriage is she has a weak cervix. This is also known as incompetent cervix, in such cases the woman’s cervix cannot hold a pregnancy. A Miscarriage caused due to cervix insufficiency occurs during the second trimester.
Symptoms of a Miscarriage caused by cervical insufficiency:
What happens after a Miscarriage?
The health care provider or an obstetrician will perform some blood work, ultrasound test and a pelvic exam to confirm if there has been a Miscarriage. Sometimes, during a Miscarriage the uterus usually gets empty and no treatment is required. But in case the uterus isn’t empty a procedure called dilation and curettage (D & C) procedure is carried out. In this surgery the cervix is dilated at first and then the remaining placental or fetal tissue is removed from the uterus. Most of the times, certain medications are prescribed so that your body can expel the remaining tissues out of your uterus. This is an ideal option for some women who want to avoid a surgery and have a stable condition during the Miscarriage.
Medications, genetic tests and blood tests are mandatory for women who have had more than three miscarriages in a row so that the doctor can diagnose the root of the problem and avoid further Miscarriages in future.