Miscarriage is the sudden termination of pregnancy which usually occurs before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It is also one of the most common forms of loss of pregnancy. The causes of a miscarriage vary vastly from person to person and may or may not affect future pregnancies. Some causes are even genetic.
Furthermore, gynecological diseases like polycystic ovarian syndrome may also cause miscarriages. More often than not, early miscarriage occurs even before they come to know that they are pregnant. Your body takes a minimum of 2-3 weeks to recover from a miscarriage. In this article, we are going to discuss all that you need to know about miscarriage and miscarriage bleeding.
Commonly speaking, there are five types of miscarriages - missed, complete, incomplete, inevitable, or threatened.
A threatened miscarriage is usually the earliest sign of a miscarriage. At this point, you may or may not go through a miscarriage. The symptoms are light vaginal miscarriage bleeding or mild pain in the lower abdomen. However, these ""threatened"" symptoms may or may not result in an actual pregnancy loss. Sometimes, the pain and bleeding tend to go away and you can have a successful pregnancy. If you notice these signs, it is always better to consult a doctor immediately.
Inevitable miscarriages are sudden miscarriages that proceed after symptoms of threatened miscarriage. The symptoms of inevitable miscarriage include very heavy vaginal bleeding and more painful cramps in the lower abdomen. Also, along with the bleeding, the developing fetus may come out. As the name suggests, this type of miscarriage happens all of a sudden and cannot be prevented.
Incomplete miscarriages occur when there are bits of pregnancy tissue left behind in the uterus. In other words, an ongoing miscarriage at the time of diagnosis may show an incomplete miscarriage. If it is allowed to proceed naturally, it may take 2-3 weeks for these extra tissues to flush out of your uterus. However, it may also cause an infection. In that case, these extra tissues should be surgically removed by Dilation and Curettage (D&C).
It is said to be a complete miscarriage when all the pregnancy tissues are removed from your uterus. Even so, there may be a continuous miscarriage bleeding from your vagina for a few days along with regular or occasional cramps in the lower abdomen.
A missed miscarriage is not a very common type of miscarriage. However, when it does happen, the mother does not have any usual signs or symptoms of pregnancy loss. The baby dies in the uterus itself but there is no loss of miscarriage blood or occurrence of pain. This type of miscarriage is not easily diagnosed since it is asymptomatic. Therefore, it is always advisable to have a regular ultrasound during the pregnancy.
Repeat miscarriages are a result of Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). It is an autoimmune disorder where the body produces proteins responsible for blood clotting. In such a case the fetus dies resulting in repeated miscarriages. If there have been three consecutive miscarriages, it is convenient to say that pregnancy is difficult in the future.
It usually takes two to three months to recover from an early miscarriage. After at least two normal menstrual cycles, you are good to go for another try at pregnancy. However, it also varies from person to person. Some women may take a while before recovering from a recent miscarriage. Also, emotional well-being is important as well.
Before a miscarriage completely takes place there are a number of symptoms that may occur during this time. Common symptoms that may occur before or during an early miscarriage:
Most of the time miscarriages happen if the fetus does not develop properly. There are several causes for this to happen. These causes can be either genetic or situational.
Miscarriage is something that is not controllable. More often than not miscarriage cannot be prevented. However, maintaining a good and healthy lifestyle while you are pregnant can decrease the risk of having a miscarriage. Here are some dos and don'ts that you can follow to avoid pregnancy loss.
Diagnosis of miscarriage is quite simple. Miscarriage bleeding is commonly the first sign of a miscarriage. During regular checkups, the level of pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is measured. If there are visible abnormalities in the levels, then it can be a risk factor. There are a few other tests that can help in figuring out whether there is a miscarriage or not.
Miscarriage bleeding can occur for several days. It may vary from light bleeding to heavy bleeding or just vaginal spotting. If it is a threatened miscarriage, vaginal bleeding with dull cramps in your abdominal area is common. Sometimes, heavy bleeding may also occur which is a result of inevitable miscarriage.
Here are some of the complications that may occur after a miscarriage:
Some home remedies that can help you get through a natural miscarriage are as follows:
However, surgery is sometimes inevitable. If there is an incomplete miscarriage, meaning that leftover tissues are still there inside the uterus, then surgery should be performed to avoid infections.
First and foremost, your body needs to rebuild the lost cells. For that protein is one of the most essential components. Therefore the diet you choose should be highly proteinaceous. Moreover, your diet should also be rich in vitamins, iron, folate, magnesium, and calcium. Also, a good amount of fluid intake can help in speedy recovery.
One should avoid eating junk foods, low-fiber starch, fatty foods, soy products, and sweets after a miscarriage. These tend to slow down the recovery process and may cause complications in the future.
Miscarriage treatment is easily accessible to all and can be availed at any hospital. The treatment requires care and medical assistance. If there is an incomplete miscarriage, a medical surgery known as Dilation and Curettage (D&C) is performed. Some medications can help the miscarriage to proceed naturally.
Not all miscarriages require surgery. More often than not, miscarriages occur naturally and should be allowed to take their course in that way. Your uterus sheds away all the unwanted cells and tissues along with the dead fetus. Surgery is only necessary if there is a chance of incomplete miscarriage or missed miscarriage.
Here is a list of some of the best medicines for miscarriage.
The name of miscarriage surgery that is usually performed is known as Dilation and curettage (D&C). After an endometrial biopsy, the surgeon can proceed with this treatment. Miscarriages often leave some extra uterine tissues inside the womb. In D&C, the surgeon first dilates the cervix with surgical instruments to open it up. After that, they use a curette to suck or scrape out the extra unwanted tissues like in the uterus. This is usually performed when you go through heavy vaginal bleeding right after the miscarriage.
The procedure may sound overwhelming and scary but at Pristyn Care, you get the best doctors to do the job. Since a high expertise level is our specialty, it reduces the side effects and risks to a bare minimum.
It usually takes two to three months to recover from a miscarriage. After at least two normal menstrual cycles, you are good to go for another try at pregnancy. However, it also varies from person to person. Some women may take a while before recovering from a recent miscarriage. Also, emotional well-being is important as well.
The price of miscarriage treatment by surgery varies from 20,000 INR to 40,000 INR. Government hospitals may charge less than private hospitals.
No, not really. If you have gone through a recent miscarriage treatment, there is an 85% chance of bearing a healthy pregnancy on the next try. However, it is advisable to let your body heal before going for another pregnancy.
Miscarriages happen naturally. Ultrasounds can confirm if there are any problems with implantation, or if the embryo is not alive. If there are no signs of infection then you should allow the miscarriage to naturally happen. However, women who are facing threatened miscarriage, that is light vaginal bleeding or dull abdominal pain can visit their respective doctors for a regular checkup. If there are any pregnancy tissues left in the uterus after the miscarriage, your doctor can scrape them out to avoid infection.
Miscarriage treatments are almost available for all patients. However, you may have allergies to a particular medicine. In that case, your doctor will prescribe a different one.
Miscarriages can take a heavy toll on your physical and emotional well-being. It is recommended that you should wait for 2-3 normal menstrual cycles before you try again to get pregnant. Since your body needs time to recover, it is also recommended to eat healthily. If you are facing any symptoms like vaginal bleeding, nausea, fever, or fatigue, immediately consult your doctor.
Miscarriage treatment usually does not have any side effects. However, some women may develop an infection in the uterus. This infection can cause pain in the lower abdomen, tenderness in the lower abdomen, vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding. Some other side effects can be nausea, chills, fever, and fatigue. However, Pristyn Care offers the best facilities that there are and the side effects of the surgery are very low.
After three back-to-back miscarriages, it is fair to say that your uterus is not able to sustain the embryo. However, this is a very common problem that is faced by a lot of women who are trying to conceive. Due to previous miscarriages, your baby may also have a preterm birth during the consecutive pregnancy.