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Avoid Pregnancy: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Pregnancy is a condition that when one or more offspring develops in the womb of a woman either due to sexual intercourse or due to assisted reproductive technology. Sometimes pregnancies can occur even after a woman has taken precautions and it can lead to a lot of complications. However there are a number of ways by which pregnancy can be avoided.

A woman should always record her menstrual cycle as she will be aware of the length and time of the cycle and this will help to prevent pregnancy. A woman can find out which day/s she has the highest risk of getting pregnant and so can avoid indulging in sexual activities during that period. Women can also record their temperature daily as the temperature of the body rises during ovulation.

Other ways to prevent pregnancy include use of barrier methods like condoms, female condoms and diaphragms and hormone control devices like birth control pills, hormonal devices and IUDs. A woman can also avoid getting pregnant by practicing abstinence or by undergoing surgery like female sterilization or vasectomy or by taking an emergency contraceptive after having sex. Birth control pills contain synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones that prevent a woman’s eggs from leaving her ovaries and thus prevent her from getting pregnant. Birth control devices include birth-control shot or Depo-Provera, birth-control patch, birth control ring and birth control implant. The IUD or intra-uterine device is a small device that is inserted into the uterus. On type of IUD works by releasing hormones while the other type is made up of copper and stops the sperm from fertilizing the eggs.

How is the treatment done?

If a woman wants to permanently eliminate the chances of her getting pregnant, she can go for female sterilization. This procedure involves the blocking of the fallopian tubes. There can be two types of sterilizations: surgical and non-surgical. The surgical procedure is called tubal litigation and this procedure requires the cutting or sealing of fallopian tubes. A minimally invasive surgery called laparoscopy is performed in this procedure. Non-surgical sterilization involves the insertion of devices through the vagina and uterus in the fallopian tubes to seal them.

In case of surgical sterilization, a patient is generally given an anesthetic. The abdomen is inflated by gas and a small incision is made to access the reproductive organs by means of a laparoscope. Then the fallopian tubes are sealed. The different methods that are used for doing this are cutting and folding the tubes, blocking the tubes with bands or clips or removing sections of the tubes. In some cases, only one incision is required while two incisions may be required in some other cases.

Nonsurgical sterilization does not require any incision and a person will also recover fast from this procedure.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Female sterilization is good for those who want to permanently remove the chances of getting pregnant. It is safe for almost all women and the procedure is almost always successful. However, a woman who wants to bear children in future can avail the IUD. It can be left in the uterus for a number of years and can also be removed when the woman wants to get pregnant. The fertility of a woman can be restored by removing the IUD. Birth control pills and hormonal devices to control pregnancy can be taken by women but they have some side-effects.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Women who are pregnant should not take birth control pills due to the presence of estrogen in them. This is because these pills can decrease production of breast milk. Women who want to become mothers again are not eligible for female sterilization as this is a permanent procedure. Sometimes, tubal litigations are reversible but in most cases, they are not.

Are there any side effects?

The birth control pills may decrease libido by reducing the libido-friendly testosterone. Other side-effects of such pills include intermenstrual spotting, tenderness of breath, nausea, headaches, missed periods, mood changes and weight gain. The side-effects of non-surgical sterilization may include cramping, pain, bleeding and spotting on the day of the procedure. If sterilization is done with the help of inserts, a woman may experience some discomfort if the inserts get dislodged or damage the uterus.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

A person who has undergone non-surgical female sterilization will not experience the beneficial effects immediately. This is because the scar tissues take time to form and block the fallopian tubes. So the woman has to go to the doctor after some days to check the effectiveness of the procedure. Doctors may use a special type of X-ray hysterosalpingography to see if the tubes are open. A doctors generally checks on a patient every 15 minutes for an hour to make sure that the patient is recovering well. A person generally takes 2-5 days to recover from the surgical procedure.

How long does it take to recover?

A person takes about 2-5 days from surgical procedure to prevent pregnancy. People who have had birth control pills can experience symptoms like headaches, tenderness of breast, mood swings, water retention and nausea. They may take a few months time to recover from these symptoms.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Female sterilization procedures can cost anywhere between Rs 1,00,000 to Rs 4,00,000. Female condoms are available within a price range of Rs 75 – Rs 300. The cost of female diaphragms vary between Rs 1000 – Rs 3300. Depo Provera or birth-control shots can be purchased from Rs 2500 onwards. Birth control rings can be bought for Rs 2000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Female sterilization procedures, whether surgical or non-surgical, can permanently help to prevent pregnancy. However, recent studies have shown that a small percentage of women can get pregnant after tubal ligation. Birth control pills and hormonal birth control devices should be taken by a woman regularly to prevent pregnancy. If they are discontinued, their effects slowly wane away and a woman may get pregnant. Intra-uterine devices help a woman to avoid pregnancy for as long the device is implanted.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Parsley is a natural medicine that has been long known by mankind for its beneficial effects in avoiding pregnancy. The roots of the cotton bark stimulate the hormone responsible for mating sperms in ovaries called oxytocin and so help to prevent pregnancy. Other plants/herbs that help to avoid pregnancy include angelica, mugwort, weed leaves, neem leaves and queen anne lace seeds.

Popular Questions & Answers

Ecp kis trha istemal krey unprotected sex krne k baad agr sperms release hojaye vagina me. Packet me 2 tablets hai do ek sath khani hai ya phir break k baad or ecp ek dfa hi khani hai pregnancy ko rokne k liye k bar bar khani hai. Yeh last time sex tha mera iske baad nhi krna to pregnancy rokni hai please bta de.

Mbbs, DM - Gyne & Obs
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
Hi lybrate-user. Emergency contraceptive pill should be taken within 72 hours (sex ka 3 days ke andar lena hei) acha result hona hei tho 24 hours ke andar lena hei. 1st poll lene ke 12 hours ke baad 2 nd pill lena hei. But I need to know your last...

Hi doc. I have pcod and I am on krimson 35 on a daily basis. I had unprotected sex on january 16. I also take an I pill after 30 or 50 mins of sex. I also have not miss my any period till now. I also tested prega news in january and february and both the times the result was negative. Yet I feel tender breast, increased weight, mood swings and many such changes. Please tell me are these signs of pregnancy. I am very much worried. Please tell me how I can find I am pregnant or not. If you think I am pregnant then tell me some medicines to avoid this pregnancy.

MBBS, M.S Obstetrics & Gynaecology, F.MAS FELLOWSHIP IN MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, D. MAS Dipolma in MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, FICRS, Fellowship in COSMETIC GYNAECOLOGY, Diploma in advanced Laparoscopy for Urogynaecology & Gynaec oncology, Basic training course in minimal invasive surgery in Gynaecology, Basics of Colposcopy, Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology, Certificate course in diagnostic ultrasound imaging, Certificate of hands on training in hysteroscopy, Certificate course in diabetes, Fellowship in assisted reproductive technology, Certificate program in aesthetic Medicine, Certificate of operative Hysteroscopy, Certificate course in clinical embryology
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Both premenstrual syndrome and pregnancy symptoms are very similar only wait differentiate it is by doing a simple home pregnancy kit test.

Mam maine pregnancy avoid krne ke liye unwanted kit ka doge liya tha 20/3/2020 ko liya, aaj 15 days ho gya or night se hi pet me bhut dard ho rha hai or bleeding ho hai please help kijiye.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Bleeding jyada hai to apne area ke gynecologist ko phone karo. Pregnancy nikalne ki dava khan eke baad 15 din pe sonography karvana jaruri hai jisme barabar asar hui hai ki nahi vo malum padta hai.

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