A vasectomy surgery is considered to be a method of birth control that can last for an entire lifetime. It is a highly effective and one-time procedure. It is performed to prevent a man from releasing sperms when he ejaculates. In this treatment, the ducts which carry the sperms, known as vas deferens are cut, clamped or sealed in each testicle.
This will prevent the sperm from getting mixed with the semen that is ejaculated from the penis. As an egg from the female ovary can never get fertilized without the sperms in the semen, it eliminates any chances of pregnancy. The testicles will continue producing sperms after the surgery, but they will be absorbed by your body.
Vasectomy is done on the scrotum and is performed by the urologist. The main aim of the surgery is to stop the sperm and prevent the partner from getting pregnant.
Vasectomy is performed by a urologist who is a well-trained doctor who specializes in treating urinary tract of males and the reproductive system.
The legal age to get a vasectomy is 18 years but it can vary according to the needs of the person and what are his reasons to get a vasectomy.
There are two ways of doing it and they are Conventional method and No-Scalpel method. In both the methods local anesthesia is used by the urologist so as to numb the scrotum.
1. Conventional method: In this method two small cuts in the scrotum are made by the doctor in order to get the access of the vas deferens. After getting the access a small part of the vas deferens is removed by cutting it down. After doing this the ends are sealed by heat (cauterize) or the end is tied with the stitches. The same procedure is followed on the other side of the testicle as well. It can be done through the same opening or another scrotal incision is made. After the tying of the vas deferens, few stitches or skin glue will be applied in the scrotum in order to close the openings.
2. No-Scalpel method: In this method on one side of the scrotum a small puncture hole is made thus it will be easy for the doctor to find out the vas deferens and it will be pulled out of the hole. After pulling it out the small portion of the vas deferens will be cut and a small portion is removed. Then the end is put back in the same place after tying it off or cauterizing it.
The procedure of vasectomy takes about 30 minutes to perform.
A man would want to undergo vasectomy surgery in the following situations:
People who are not eligible for vasectomy include:
The side effects of vasectomy surgery include:
Listed below are some post treatment guidelines that a man who has undergone vasectomy can follow:
It normally takes one or two days to get back to your daily routine. The surgery does not affect your sexual activities, but you must use some other form of birth control until you check with your doctor to confirm zero sperm count. You must go for a follow-up test for your sperm count 2 months after the vasectomy has been performed on you.
These are the complications that are involved with this surgery:
Vasectomy is not a time taking procedure and is successful most of the time. There are very few risks and complications and the time of recovery is also very quick. But at times after the recovery is successful also it can get the partner pregnant and if this happens one must go directly to the doctor. The patient must not get indulged into unprotected sex.
There is no time limit for having sex after vasectomy. As soon as the person feels comfortable he can involve into having sexual intercourse but he must be comfortable as the scrotum remains tender for a few days.
The cost of a vasectomy surgery in India ranges from Rs. 85,102 to Rs. 1, 04,740. The prices may vary in different clinics and cities.
Reversal of vasectomy is a complex and time taking process. It costs between 144,000-360,000 INR.
The failure rate of vasectomy has been observed to be very low. It is considered to be one of the most effective forms of birth control. By any chance, if sperms are found in your semen, there may be a requirement for a second vasectomy.
The alternatives to vasectomy surgery would include using condoms during the intercourse to prevent your partner from getting pregnant. Apart from this, you and your partner can mutually decide and she can opt for birth control pills, cervical cap or diaphragm to prevent unplanned pregnancies.
These are the things you should do:
These are the things that should not be done: