Estrogen is a female sex hormone responsible for regulation and development of the female reproductive system. It is used in Hormone Replacement Therapy for hypogonadal, postmenopausal, and transgender women; as medications in oral contraceptives, and in the treatment of hormone sensitive cancers like breast cacer, prostate cancer.
It is recommended that you should not take Estrogen if you are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant, or you are breastfeeding; or if you have a condition or history of liver disease, blood clotting, stroke or heart attack, or if you are allergic to any medicines. It should only be taken for HRT and in treament of certain cancers only if it is prescribed by the doctor.
Estrogen can be taken orally, vaginally, topically, or via injection. It should be taken only as per the prescribed dosage given by the doctor according to your conditions.
Hormones such as oestrogen, testosterone, adrenaline and insulin are extremely important chemical messengers. The entire endocrine system works together to control the level of hormones circulating throughout body is slightly imbalanced it can cause widespread, major health problems.
Some specific problems associated with some of the most common hormonal imbalances include:
Estrogen dominance: Changes in sleep patterns, changes in weight and appetite, higher perceived stress, slowed metabolism polycystic
Ovarian syndrome (pcos): Infertility, weight gain, higher risk for diabetes, acne, abnormal hair growth
Low estrogen: Low sex drive, reproductive problems, menstrual irregularity, changes in mood hypothyroidism: slowed metabolism, weight gain, fatigue, anxiety, irritability, digestive issues, irregular periods
Low testosterone: Erectile dysfunction, muscle loss, weight gain, fatigue, mood-related problems
Hyperthyroidism and grave’s disease: Anxiety, thinning hair, weight loss, ibs, trouble sleeping, irregular heartbeats
Diabetes: Weight gain, nerve damage (neuropathy), higher risk for vision loss, fatigue, trouble breathing, dry mouth, skin problems
Adrenal fatigue: Fatigue, muscle aches and pains, anxiety and depression, trouble sleeping, brain fog, reproductive problems here are three main tools to help achieve this enjoyable state of being: breathing exercises, quiet self-reflection, and exercise.
First, it should be understood that exercise is like medicine and is very specific for each person &most accessible tool for most people.
Effects of exercise on endocrine system -
During exercise, the pituitary gland releases human growth hormone, which tells the body to increase bone, muscle and tissue production & thyroid gland sends out hormones that regulate the body's temperature, heart rate and blood pressure.
Exercises for the growth of hormone, bone, muscle tissue production and metabolic rate
Heavy weightlifting, stimulates the release of luteinizing hormone in brain which triggers testosterone production, also stimulates the release of thyroxine from thyroid gland. Testosterone and thyroxine speed up your metabolism so one can lose weight.
Exercise for luteinizing hormone, testosterone, thyroxine and weight reduction
Blood sugar insulin, a hormone transports blood sugar to muscles for energy. Excessive insulin reduces sensitivity to insulin & leads to diabetes. Exercise increases insulin sensitivity by its uptake by muscles. Blood insulin decreases after 10 minutes of aerobic exercise, and weight training increases sensitivity to insulin at rest.
Blood flow: Adrenal medulla releases epinephrine during exercise level increase at higher exercise intensities. This hormone controls amount of blood that heart pumps, also enhances ability to use muscles during exercise by widening blood vessels and muscles get more oxygen-rich blood.
Thyroxine hormone: Increases during exercise which increases amount of blood in body by about 30 %, and secretions might remain elevated for around five hours
Psychological effects: Works as anti-depressant, exercise-induced testosterone might increase confidence and libido. Low testosterone levels might inhibit your motivation, self-confidence, concentration, memory.
Your pituitary gland produces endorphin (happy hormone) levels shortly after exercise begins.
Activities for hormone health
Reduce sitting time: Most of us sit for far too long, but it just takes a few habit changes to make it less damaging to our health (and hormones)
Walk and talk: Instead of coffee shop meet up, arrange a walking meeting mobile walk with it set an alarm phone or computer to get up and take a quick break.
Find what kind of exercise and how much of it is best for maintaining a healthy hormone balance.
Free gym: Stairs, park, squats while you are watching tv walking out improves mood and feeling calmer.
HIIT: High intensity interval training (or ‘burst’ training) has been shown to burn fat more effectively than aerobic exercise. Good for strengthening lungs and heart, raises human growth hormone (hgh), the hormone, abundant when we are young, declines rapidly as we age. Improves insulin sensitivity, a great result for waistline and risk of serious disease.
Ask for metabolic aftershock programme to your physio :
Resistance and weights: Muscle mass declines with aging (at a rapid rate if no strength training done ever). The more muscle we have the more calories are burnt, day and night, reducing fat stores. High cortisol has a negative effect on muscle mass, so building muscle is really important if you’re over stressed. Not necessary to go to gym! weight training at home will helps. Fat / muscle ratio is what we are aiming to improve (note- you may not see weight loss if you are increasing muscle to fat).
Strength training also lowers risk of osteoporosis, especially at menopause.
Yoga and pilates- They improve flexibility, strength, posture, stress & mood. It’s the ultimate anti-ageing exercise! when one does yoga, focusing on the pose it is impossible to think about anything else, plus strengthening body at the same time is a great thing to do.
Relaxation technique- Stress, be it physical, emotional or environmental, can threaten a body's homeostasis. Certain endocrine glands secrete hormones that help the body respond to stress, but the function is meant to be short term. Extended secretion may weaken the body's defences, leaving room for infection, or even result in high blood pressure or a lack of cortisol and other steroid hormones. Long-term, this lack can lead to organ damage and even failure·
Relaxation methods can include meditation activities such as walking, painting or knitting · anything calm and repetitive or focusing for a few minutes on breathing deeply or finding a quiet place to lie down and calm your heart beat.
Sleep and hormone- Sleep is a good way to relax and calm down brain.
The amount of sleep you need to function best varies among individuals,
Adults -7 to 9 hr
Teens- 8.5 to 9.25 hr
Children- 5 to 10 - 10 to 11 hr
Preschoolchildren - 11 to 13 hr
Toddlersages 1 to 3 -12 to 14 hr
Infants- 14to 15 hrnew born -12 to 18 hr
Vaginitis is the inflammation of one’s vagina accompanied by pain during intercourse, mild vaginal bleeding, painful urination, vaginal itching or a considerable change in the amount, odor and color of the vaginal discharge.
1. A certain level of bacteria is normally found in one’s vagina (lactobacilli). Now if this count is outnumbered by the other bacteria (anaerobes), the balance in the vagina gets disrupted giving rise to bacterial vaginosis. Such kind of vaginitis usually stems from sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners.
2. Yeast infections occur due to an overgrowth of fungal organisms in one’s vagina, especially Candida Albicans.
3. Trichomoniasis caused by the one celled microscopic parasite ‘Trichomonas Vaginalis’ generally spreads through sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The condition also makes one vulnerable to various sexually transmitted infections.
4. Spermicidal products, scented detergents, perfumed soaps, douches, vaginal sprays or foreign objects such as tampons that were not taken out or tissue paper might trigger allergic reactions or irritation in the vaginal tissues.
5. Surgical removal of the ovaries or reduced estrogen count after menopause might cause thinning of the vaginal lining, thereby resulting in vaginal burning, dryness or irritation.
1. For Bacterial vaginosis, your doctor might advise the application of clindamycin cream or metronidazole gel as well as metronidazole tablets which are to be taken orally.
2. Yeast infections might be treated with an anti-fungal suppository or cream, for instance, tioconazole, butoconazole, clotrimazole or miconazole. Oral medication, such as fluconazole is also administered to treat the same.
3. Metronidazole or tinidazole tablets are prescribed for Trichomoniasis.
4. Estrogen in the form of rings, tablets or vaginal creams is effective in treating low estrogen level after menopause.
5. For non-infectious vaginitis primarily caused by objects, such as tampons, sanitary napkins, laundry detergent or new soap, it is essential to pinpoint the source of the irritation and avoid them. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Being overweight sometimes has nothing to do with calories in your diet or exercise. For a number of us, mostly women of 35 and above the problem is due to out-of-whack hormones. It’s true that a few hormones in our body enable weight gain as they encourage the storage of fat, like insulin, the body’s sugar metabolizing hormone. There are also weight affecting hormone disorders like thyroid and insulin imbalances, both of which affect your shape, often drastically.
Here are a few other lesser known hormones that can play havoc with your physiology and weight:
So, every time there is a drastic change in your frame size, understand that it could be a sign of an underlying hormonal imbalance, so do something to balance your hormones rather than change your diet once again to cut down even more calories
A sexual problem, or sexual dysfunction, refers to a problem during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The sexual response cycle has four phases:
Excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
While research suggests that sexual dysfunction is common (43% of women and 31% of men report some degree of difficulty) it is a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss. Fortunately, so it is important to share your concerns with your partner and doctor.
What causes sexual problems?
Sexual dysfunction can be a result of a physical or psychological problem.
Many physical and medical conditions can cause sexual problems. These conditions include diabetes, heart disease, neurological diseases, hormonal imbalances, menopause, chronic diseases such as kidney or liver failure, and alcoholism and drug abuse. In addition, the side effects of certain medications, including some antidepressant drugs, can affect sexual desire and function.
These include work related stress and anxiety, concern about sexual performance, marital or relationship problems, depression, feelings of guilt, and the affects of a part sexual trauma.
Who is affected by sexual problems?
Both men and women are affected by sexual problems occur in adults of all ages. Among those commonly affected are those in seniors, which may be related to a decline in health associated with aging.
How do sexual problems affected women?
The most common problems related to sexual dysfunction in women include:
How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
The diagnose a woman's sexual problem, the doctor likely will begin with a through evaluation of symptoms and a physical examination
How are female sexual problems treated?
The ideal approach to treating sexual problem in women involves a team effort between the woman, doctors, and trained therapists. Most types of sexual problems can be corrected by treating the underlying physical or psychological problems. Other treatment strategies focus on the following:
Can female sexual problems be cured?
The success of treatment for female sexual dysfunction depends on the underlying cause of the problem. The outlook is good for sexual problems related to a treatable or reversible physical condition. Mild dysfunction that is related to stress, fear, anxiety often can be successfully treated with counseling, education, and improved communication between partners.
How do hormones affect sexual function?
Hormones play an important role in regulating sexual function in women. With the decrease in the female hormone estrogen that is related to aging and menopause, many women experience some changes sexual function as they age, including poor vaginal lubrication and decreased genital sensation, and orgasm.
Researchers still are investigation, the benefits of hormones and other medications, including ayurvedic medicine, to treat sexual problem in women
When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
Many women experience a problem with sexual function from time to time. However, when the problems persistent, they, they can cause distress for the woman and her partner, and can we have a negative impact on their relationship. If you consistently experience these problems, see your doctor for evaluation and treatment
Abandon unhealthy habits of younger days get married with revived youthfulness.
The uterus or womb is a strong structure that is held up by the pelvic muscles and tendons. In case that these muscles or tendons extend or get distinctly powerless, they are no longer ready to support the uterus, bringing about prolapse. Uterine prolapse happens when the uterus hangs or slips from its ordinary position, into the vagina or birth channel.
Uterine prolapse might be fragmented or complex. A deficient prolapse happens when the uterus is just halfway drooping into the vagina. An entire prolapse depicts a circumstance in which the uterus falls so far down that some tissue rests outside of the vagina.
The danger of having a prolapsed uterus increases as a woman ages and her estrogen levels diminish. Estrogen is the hormone that keeps the pelvic muscles solid. Harm to pelvic muscles and tissues during pregnancy and labor may likewise lead to prolapse. Women with more than one vaginal birth and in their postmenopausal period are under the most significant risk. Any action that puts weight on the pelvic muscles can expand your danger of a uterine prolapse. Different variables that can increase your risk for the condition include:
Women who have a minor uterine prolapse might not have any side effects. Direct to serious prolapse may bring about side effects, for example:
In case that you experience these symptoms, it is important to see your specialist. Without appropriate diagnosis, the condition can weaken your vagina, bladder, and sexual capacity. Treatment is not generally fundamental for this condition. In case that prolapse is serious, talk with your specialist about which treatment choice is suitable for you. Nonsurgical medicines include:
Surgical medications include uterine suspension or hysterectomy. During uterine suspension, your specialist puts the uterus once again into its normal position by reattaching pelvic tendons or utilizing surgical materials. During a hysterectomy, your specialist expels the uterus from the body through the stomach area or the vagina. Surgery is usually successful; however, it is not suggested for women who anticipate having a baby later on.