Estrogen is a female sex hormone responsible for regulation and development of the female reproductive system. It is used in Hormone Replacement Therapy for hypogonadal, postmenopausal, and transgender women; as medications in oral contraceptives, and in the treatment of hormone sensitive cancers like breast cacer, prostate cancer.
It is recommended that you should not take Estrogen if you are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant, or you are breastfeeding; or if you have a condition or history of liver disease, blood clotting, stroke or heart attack, or if you are allergic to any medicines. It should only be taken for HRT and in treament of certain cancers only if it is prescribed by the doctor.
The use of Estrogen is associated with increased risk of blood clotting, cardiovascular disease, stroke, uterine cancer or breast cancer.
Estrogen can be taken orally, vaginally, topically, or via injection. It should be taken only as per the prescribed dosage given by the doctor according to your conditions.
What is menopause?
Menopause is that phase in the life of a woman when she can no longer reproduce. It involves the loss of fertility and the cessation of the menstrual cycle. The woman will stop bleeding every month and the ovaries stop producing eggs that can be fertilized. Menopause normally sets on after the age of 40 and bleeding may permanently stop by the age of 50.
Post menopausal bleeding
You are known to reach menopause when you have not been bleeding for 1 entire year. Even a small amount of spotting should not have taken place. Post-menopausal bleeding is when bleeding occurs after a year of attaining menopause. It can be a serious health disorder and requires medical attention without any further delay.
Reasons behind post menopausal bleeding
How it can be treated?
Ovaries are a part of a woman’s reproductive system. The primary function of ovaries includes producing ‘ova’ or eggs and secreting hormones such as progesterone and estrogen. Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form the ovaries; they usually do not cause any symptom and are not painful.
There are primarily two types of ovarian cysts:
1. Follicle cysts: During a woman’s menstrual cycle, the egg develops in a sac known as the follicle. Under normal circumstances, the sac breaks open and releases the egg. When this doesn’t happen, fluids start accumulating in the follicle to form a cyst.
2. Corpus luteum cysts: Follicle sacs dissolve after releasing the egg, but in some cases, these sacs remain and the opening of the sacs gets sealed. It again results in fluid accumulation, leading to the formation of corpus luteum cysts.
Usually, cysts do not cause any symptom. If the size of the cysts increases, they may cause symptoms such as stomach pain, pain during bowel movements and sex as well as pelvic floor pain. The breasts may become tender and one may experience rapid breathing. Other symptoms of ovarian cysts are fever, nausea and dizziness. Usually, rupturing of a cyst leads to these symptoms surfacing; hence you would know when exactly to call the doctor.
The treatment options for ovarian cysts are:
Ovarian cysts, if left untreated, can certainly cause infertility. Pre-menopausal women and who suffer from frequent hormonal imbalances in the body are the most vulnerable to this condition.
Due to hormonal imbalance, it is possible for boys during puberty or adolescence to develop breast tissue. This tissue may not be similar to those of females, but still considerable enough to cause embarrassment. A more serious issue is when this also causes pain and swelling. While it disappears on its own in most people, in some cases it may persist in some and may require surgical correction.
Why does it happen? Male features are due to a hormone called testosterone, and female features are due to estrogen. While both hormones are produced in both sexes, the predominance is of testosterone in males and estrogen in females. Gynecomastia happens when either there is a reduced production of testosterone or higher production of estrogen.
This surge of hormone production happens during infancy, puberty, and during old age.
Other common reasons are:
What to do? Most males go through some amount of breast tissue expansion during their growing years. This often disappears as they cross the teenage years. However, it may continue to grow and requires attention in the following cases:
The doctor can review and advise if any changes are required to rectify the situation. In very rare cases, if the condition does not improve, surgical correction may be advised.
Prevention: Given that there are obvious causes, this condition can be prevented by avoiding medications which can cause it. Avoiding street drugs, alcohol, and adopting a healthy lifestyle are also options to prevent gynecomastia.
Diagnosis: Blood tests and hormone levels need to be checked to confirm the diagnosis. Mammograms are also required to identify the pattern and to rule out breast cancer, fatty breast tissue, and localized breast infections.
Management: Treatment would depend on identifying the root cause.
In addition to the treatment and management options listed above, given the embarrassing nature of this condition, strong moral and social support is required.
HERE ARE SOME FACTS ABOUT ACNE.
A) Acne is a skin disease involving the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.
B) It affects 3 in every 4 people ages 11 to 30 years.
C) It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.
D) Treatment depends on how severe and persistent it is.
E) Risk factors include genetics, menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, using oil- based makeup, and squeezing pimples.
WHAT IS ACNE?
Acne is a common skin problem.
Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease that results in whiteheads, blackheads, pimplles, cysts, and nodules. It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.
Other causes include:
Acne pimples vary in size, color, and level of pain.
The following types are possible:
TIPS FOR MANAGING ACNE
Here are some tips for looking after skin that has acne or is prone to it.
1.Wash your face no more than twice each day with warm water and mild soap made especially for acne.
2.Do not scrub the skin or burst the pimples, as this may push the infection further down, causing more blocking, swelling, and redness.
3.Avoid popping pimples, as this makes scarring likelier.
4.A specialist can treat a pimple that requires rapid removal for cosmetic reasons.
5.Refrain from touching the face.
6.Hold the telephone away from the face when talking, as it is likely to contain sebum and skin residue.
7.Wash hands frequently, especially before applying lotions, creams, or makeup.
8.Clean spectacles regularly as they collect sebum and skin residue.
9.If acne is on the back, shoulders, or chest, try wearing loose clothing to let the skin breathe. Avoid tight garments, such as headbands, caps, and scarves, or wash them regularly if used.
10.Choose makeup for sensitive skin and avoid oil-based products. Remove makeup before sleeping.
11.Keep hair clean, as it collects sebum and skin residue. Avoid greasy hair products, such as those containing cocoa butter.
12.Avoid excessive sun exposure, as it can cause the skin to produce more sebum. Several acne medications increase the risk of sunburn.
13.Use an electric shaver or sharp safety razors when shaving. Soften the skin and beard with warm soapy water before applying shaving cream.
14.Avoid anxiety and stress, as it can increase production of cortisol and adrenaline, which exacerbate acne.
15.Try to keep cool and dry in hot and humid climates, to prevent sweating.
Acne is a common problem. It can cause severe embarrassment, but treatment is available, and it is effective in many cases.
Pimples are typically associated with one’s teenage years. However, many women find themselves dealing with acne breakouts right up to menopause. Adult acne is becoming an increasingly common condition that affects women between the ages of 25 and 50. Like the pimples that affect young girls, adult acne can also be triggered by many different factors. This condition can be treated but in order to do so, it is essential to understand the factors triggering it.
As a woman’s menstrual cycle progresses, the levels of estrogen, progestin, and androgens in her body fluctuate. A painful cyst around the chin, neck or back can be the result of this fluctuation. These breakouts tend to resolve themselves as the menstrual cycles wanes. If you suffer from severe adult acne, you may need to ask your dermatologist for medication such as oral contraceptives that can manipulate hormone fluctuation.
Stress not only affects your mental health but also affects your skin. Stress causes the adrenal gland responsible for the production of cortisol to increase production. One of the side effects of this increased production is an increased amount of testosterone in the body. This causes the oil glands to secrete more oil. The higher the oil content of your skin, the higher your risk of having an acne breakout. Meditation and exercise can help curb stress and keep your skin clearer.
Wrong Cleaning Technique
Washing your face too often can dry the skin and trigger an overproduction of oil thus leading to acne. Similarly, using the wrong products like an oil-based moisturizer for normal skin can clog your pores. Using a very coarse cleanser can also promote adult acne. Hence, limit yourself to washing your face twice a day with a mild face wash. Choose water-based makeup and creams. Look for products that contain salicylic acid and glycolic acid.
In addition, here are a few ways to relieve the symptoms of adult acne.
Last but not the least; do not ever try to pick a pimple. Painful zits may need to be drained but this should not be attempted at home.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!