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Overview

Estrogen

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Estrogen is a female sex hormone responsible for regulation and development of the female reproductive system. It is used in Hormone Replacement Therapy for hypogonadal, postmenopausal, and transgender women; as medications in oral contraceptives, and in the treatment of hormone sensitive cancers like breast cacer, prostate cancer.

It is recommended that you should not take Estrogen if you are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant, or you are breastfeeding; or if you have a condition or history of liver disease, blood clotting, stroke or heart attack, or if you are allergic to any medicines. It should only be taken for HRT and in treament of certain cancers only if it is prescribed by the doctor.

The use of Estrogen is associated with increased risk of blood clotting, cardiovascular disease, stroke, uterine cancer or breast cancer.

Estrogen can be taken orally, vaginally, topically, or via injection. It should be taken only as per the prescribed dosage given by the doctor according to your conditions.

post menopausal osteoporosis
hormone replacement therapy (hrt)
contraception
In addition to its intended effect, Estrogen may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Headache
Mood changes
Breast enlargement
Change in body weight
Breast tenderness
Metrorrhagia (menstrual bleeding at irregular intervals)
Fibroid
Edema.
Is It safe with alcohol?
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Conjugase tablet is highly unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Human and animal studies have shown significant adverse effects on the foetus. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Conjugase tablet is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect kidney function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect liver function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Medicine
Gonablok 200Mg Capsule
Nolvadex 10Mg Tablet
Gonablok 100Mg Capsule
FERTOVA 25MG TABLET

Popular Questions & Answers

I have pcos plm. So I can not have a child past 3 years. My doctor advised me reduce your body weight. But I'm 58 kg. Any issues for my weight.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda Pharmacology, Ph.D - Diabetes Prediction Thesis, BA (Sanskrit), MA (Entire Russian Language)
Ayurveda, Pune
I have pcos plm. So I can not have a child past 3 years. My doctor advised me reduce your body weight. But I'm 58 kg....
Rather than weight reduction, you may need proper nourishment with diet, tonics and oil therapies. Weight is always not an issue with PCOS. So, it is necessary to look for background causes for your PCOS. You can personally consult me. Have a nice day.

I have grade 3 gynecomastia. I have my surgery at PGI Chandigarh after a few weeks. But I am very confused. Should I have my surgery done at a private clinic or a government hospital? Which one is a better option? Please suggest as I don't have much time. My surgery is due in few weeks at PGI.

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Hello- The most common cause of gynecomastia is changes in the levels of hormones androgens and estrogens. This can happen due to a variety of reasons including puberty, age, hypogonadism, low testosterone (male hormone), hyperthyroidism, chemotherapy, radiation treatment, chronic liver disease, exposure to pollutants, kidney failure, use of marijuana, excess alcohol consumption, malnutrition, and side effects of certain medications. Being overweight can also add to the problem. Many men find it really tough to cope with the condition and opt for medication or even surgery. Ayurvedic medicine offers complete cure of gynecomastia. It is worth noting that in recent years, medicine has made great progress in this field. So, if you looking for a permanent solution for your male breasts, yes it is possible with Ayurveda. Surgery can be avoided.

I am a 1998 born male. Can I use testosterone booster for muscle building and to increase my height? By using it main focus is on increasing height, will it increase? Are there any side effects? Or any harm on my sex life?

BHMS
Homeopath, Secunderabad
I am a 1998 born male. Can I use testosterone booster for muscle building and to increase my height? By using it main...
Testosterone is given only if required (by an endocrine specialist after a thorough investigation and physical examination ). It cannot be taken casually. Read more about human body (physiology and anatomy to gain right knowledge and take wise decisions ). In your case it is better to stick to a healthy lifestyle. You can visit a specialist if you have any doubts. You can exercise everyday or follow any sports or join gym to get a fit and healthy body.
1 person found this helpful

I'm 19 year old man and want to know how can excess estrogen levels in Body effect people of my age.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
I'm 19 year old man and want to know how can excess estrogen levels in Body effect people of my age.
Excess estrogen in men will give feminine traits like lo pitched voice However, progesterone can cause many side effects including stomach upset, changes in appetite, weight gain, fluid retention and swelling (edema), fatigue, acne, drowsiness or insomnia, allergic skin rashes, hives, fever, headache, depression, breast discomfort or enlargement, premenstrual syndrome (PMS)-like symptoms, ...
1 person found this helpful

Hi. I am married 1 year back. But till now I didn't get pregnant. I went gynaecologist. She said I am not ovulating every month. So what should I do. How to ovulate naturally. Please suggest any advice?

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Hi. I am married 1 year back. But till now I didn't get pregnant. I went gynaecologist. She said I am not ovulating e...
Hello Lybrate user you should get some test first which is serum AMH, FSH,LH, estrogen,progesteron, thyroid profile profile test and a HSG test done. Semen analysis test of husband. But first try more 6 months during ovulation period which is from 11th to 18th day of menses. Try with alternative days for better result. If,after 6 months more problem remain same then get test done and consult with reports.

Popular Health Tips

Can Physiotherapy Help Balancing Hormone?

BPTh/BPT, MPT
Physiotherapist, Pune
Can Physiotherapy Help Balancing Hormone?

Hormones such as oestrogen, testosterone, adrenaline and insulin are extremely important chemical messengers. The entire endocrine system works together to control the level of hormones circulating throughout body is slightly imbalanced it can cause widespread, major health problems.

Some specific problems associated with some of the most common hormonal imbalances include:

Estrogen dominance: Changes in sleep patterns, changes in weight and appetite, higher perceived stress, slowed metabolism polycystic 

Ovarian syndrome (pcos): Infertility, weight gain, higher risk for diabetes, acne, abnormal hair growth

Low estrogen: Low sex drive, reproductive problems, menstrual irregularity, changes in mood hypothyroidism: slowed metabolism, weight gain, fatigue, anxiety, irritability, digestive issues, irregular periods

Low testosterone: Erectile dysfunction, muscle loss, weight gain, fatigue, mood-related problems

Hyperthyroidism and grave’s disease: Anxiety, thinning hair, weight loss, ibs, trouble sleeping, irregular heartbeats

Diabetes: Weight gain, nerve damage (neuropathy), higher risk for vision loss, fatigue, trouble breathing, dry mouth, skin problems

Adrenal fatigue: Fatigue, muscle aches and pains, anxiety and depression, trouble sleeping, brain fog, reproductive problems here are three main tools to help achieve this enjoyable state of being: breathing exercises, quiet self-reflection, and exercise.

First, it should be understood that exercise is like medicine and is very specific for each person &most accessible tool for most people.

Effects of exercise on endocrine system - 

During exercise, the pituitary gland releases human growth hormone, which tells the body to increase bone, muscle and tissue production & thyroid gland sends out hormones that regulate the body's temperature, heart rate and blood pressure.

Exercises for the growth of hormone, bone, muscle tissue production and metabolic rate

Heavy weightlifting, stimulates the release of luteinizing hormone in brain which triggers testosterone production, also stimulates the release of thyroxine from thyroid gland. Testosterone and thyroxine speed up your metabolism so one can lose weight.

Exercise for luteinizing hormone, testosterone, thyroxine and weight reduction

Blood sugar insulin, a hormone transports blood sugar to muscles for energy. Excessive insulin reduces sensitivity to insulin & leads to diabetes. Exercise increases insulin sensitivity by its uptake by muscles. Blood insulin decreases after 10 minutes of aerobic exercise, and weight training increases sensitivity to insulin at rest.

Blood flow: Adrenal medulla releases epinephrine during exercise level increase at higher exercise intensities. This hormone controls amount of blood that heart pumps, also enhances ability to use muscles during exercise by widening blood vessels and muscles get more oxygen-rich blood.

Thyroxine hormone: Increases during exercise which increases amount of blood in body by about 30 %, and secretions might remain elevated for around five hours 

Psychological effects: Works as anti-depressant, exercise-induced testosterone might increase confidence and libido. Low testosterone levels might inhibit your motivation, self-confidence, concentration, memory.

Your pituitary gland produces endorphin (happy hormone) levels shortly after exercise begins. 

Activities for hormone health

Reduce sitting time: Most of us sit for far too long, but it just takes a few habit changes to make it less damaging to our health (and hormones)

Walk and talk: Instead of coffee shop meet up, arrange a walking meeting mobile walk with it set an alarm phone or computer to get up and take a quick break.

Find what kind of exercise and how much of it is best for maintaining a healthy hormone balance.

Free gym: Stairs, park, squats while you are watching tv walking out improves mood and feeling calmer.

HIIT: High intensity interval training (or ‘burst’ training) has been shown to burn fat more effectively than aerobic exercise. Good for strengthening lungs and heart, raises human growth hormone (hgh), the hormone, abundant when we are young, declines rapidly as we age. Improves insulin sensitivity, a great result for waistline and risk of serious disease.

Ask for metabolic aftershock programme to your physio :

Resistance and weights: Muscle mass declines with aging (at a rapid rate if no strength training done ever). The more muscle we have the more calories are burnt, day and night, reducing fat stores. High cortisol has a negative effect on muscle mass, so building muscle is really important if you’re over stressed. Not necessary to go to gym! weight training at home will helps. Fat / muscle ratio is what we are aiming to improve (note- you may not see weight loss if you are increasing muscle to fat).

Strength training also lowers risk of osteoporosis, especially at menopause.

Yoga and pilates- They improve flexibility, strength, posture, stress & mood. It’s the ultimate anti-ageing exercise! when one does yoga, focusing on the pose it is impossible to think about anything else, plus strengthening body at the same time is a great thing to do.

Relaxation technique- Stress, be it physical, emotional or environmental, can threaten a body's homeostasis. Certain endocrine glands secrete hormones that help the body respond to stress, but the function is meant to be short term. Extended secretion may weaken the body's defences, leaving room for infection, or even result in high blood pressure or a lack of cortisol and other steroid hormones. Long-term, this lack can lead to organ damage and even failure· 

Relaxation methods can include meditation activities such as walking, painting or knitting · anything calm and repetitive or focusing for a few minutes on breathing deeply or finding a quiet place to lie down and calm your heart beat. 

Sleep and hormone- Sleep is a good way to relax and calm down brain.

The amount of sleep you need to function best varies among individuals,

Adults -7 to 9 hr

Teens- 8.5 to 9.25 hr

Children- 5 to 10 - 10 to 11 hr

Preschoolchildren - 11 to 13 hr

Toddlersages 1 to 3 -12 to 14 hr

Infants- 14to 15 hrnew born -12 to 18 hr

1 person found this helpful

What Can Lead To Inflammation of The Vagina?

MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Sirohi
What Can Lead To Inflammation of The Vagina?

Vaginitis is the inflammation of one’s vagina accompanied by pain during intercourse, mild vaginal bleeding, painful urination, vaginal itching or a considerable change in the amount, odor and color of the vaginal discharge.

Causes:
1. A certain level of bacteria is normally found in one’s vagina (lactobacilli). Now if this count is outnumbered by the other bacteria (anaerobes), the balance in the vagina gets disrupted giving rise to bacterial vaginosis. Such kind of vaginitis usually stems from sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners.
2. Yeast infections occur due to an overgrowth of fungal organisms in one’s vagina, especially Candida Albicans.
3. Trichomoniasis caused by the one celled microscopic parasite ‘Trichomonas Vaginalis’ generally spreads through sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The condition also makes one vulnerable to various sexually transmitted infections.
4. Spermicidal products, scented detergents, perfumed soaps, douches, vaginal sprays or foreign objects such as tampons that were not taken out or tissue paper might trigger allergic reactions or irritation in the vaginal tissues.
5. Surgical removal of the ovaries or reduced estrogen count after menopause might cause thinning of the vaginal lining, thereby resulting in vaginal burning, dryness or irritation.


Treatments:
1. For Bacterial vaginosis, your doctor might advise the application of clindamycin cream or metronidazole gel as well as metronidazole tablets which are to be taken orally.
2. Yeast infections might be treated with an anti-fungal suppository or cream, for instance, tioconazole, butoconazole, clotrimazole or miconazole. Oral medication, such as fluconazole is also administered to treat the same.
3. Metronidazole or tinidazole tablets are prescribed for Trichomoniasis.
4. Estrogen in the form of rings, tablets or vaginal creams is effective in treating low estrogen level after menopause.
5. For non-infectious vaginitis primarily caused by objects, such as tampons, sanitary napkins, laundry detergent or new soap, it is essential to pinpoint the source of the irritation and avoid them. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

984 people found this helpful

Hormonal Imbalance - How It Leads To Weight Gain?

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Gurgaon
Hormonal Imbalance - How It Leads To Weight Gain?

Being overweight sometimes has nothing to do with calories in your diet or exercise. For a number of us, mostly women of 35 and above the problem is due to out-of-whack hormones. It’s true that a few hormones in our body enable weight gain as they encourage the storage of fat, like insulin, the body’s sugar metabolizing hormone. There are also weight affecting hormone disorders like thyroid and insulin imbalances, both of which affect your shape, often drastically.

Here are a few other lesser known hormones that can play havoc with your physiology and weight:

  1. Leptin: Leptin is a hormone that signals fullness. It travels from your fat cells to your brain, telling it that you’re full. But this hormone starts swelling your appetite instead due to the consumption of a type of sugar called fructose, found in fruit and processed foods alike. Anything above eating five servings of fruit daily and your liver can’t handle all the excess fructose which is then converted into fats and released as triglycerides into your blood stream. This fat gets accumulated as belly fat mostly and it also increases levels of leptin, your body’s satiety hormone. This means you are unable to feel full and you keep eating and getting fat.
  2. Cortisol: This stress hormone makes you put on some extra pounds too. When its levels rise, blood sugar is converted into fats for long-term storage in your body. Stress triggers cortisol and so does coffee.
  3. Estrogen: Estrogen is a blessing and a bane for women. It makes women feminine and it also makes them fat. Normal estrogen levels actually maintain an ideal body weight as this hormone reduces the production of insulin, a fat storing hormone. Out-of-sync estrogen levels can cause exponential weight gain by directing a bulk of the glucose to be stored as fat, instead of sending it to the liver and muscles to be converted into energy. Your fat tissue can thus expand by as much as four times to accommodate this storage of glucose due to high estrogen levels.
  4. Testosterone: Toxins are entering your body even as you read this article from the air, the food you may be eating, your face cream, drugs, etc. These chemicals mimic natural hormones like estrogen. Higher levels of these ‘xeno’ estrogens can overwhelm the body’s testosterone causing an estrogen overload. Testosterone is an anabolic hormone, it contributes to muscle growth, which in turn supports metabolism, whereas estrogen overload increases insulin insensitivity. This imbalance, thus, adds on the pounds.

So, every time there is a drastic change in your frame size, understand that it could be a sign of an underlying hormonal imbalance, so do something to balance your hormones rather than change your diet once again to cut down even more calories

Sexual Problems In Female

B.Sc.,B.A.M.S.,M.D.
Sexologist, Mathura
Sexual Problems In Female

A sexual problem, or sexual dysfunction, refers to a problem during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The sexual response cycle has four phases:

Excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
While research suggests that sexual dysfunction is common (43% of women and 31% of men report some degree of difficulty) it is a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss. Fortunately, so it is important to share your concerns with your partner and doctor.

What causes sexual problems? 
Sexual dysfunction can be a result of a physical or psychological problem.

Physical causes: 
Many physical and medical conditions can cause sexual problems. These conditions include diabetes, heart disease, neurological diseases, hormonal imbalances, menopause, chronic diseases such as kidney or liver failure, and alcoholism and drug abuse. In addition, the side effects of certain medications, including some antidepressant drugs, can affect sexual desire and function. 

Psychological causes:
These include work related stress and anxiety, concern about sexual performance, marital or relationship problems, depression, feelings of guilt, and the affects of a part sexual trauma. 

Who is affected by sexual problems?
Both men and women are affected by sexual problems occur in adults of all ages. Among those commonly affected are those in seniors, which may be related to a decline in health associated with aging. 

How do sexual problems affected women?
The most common problems related to sexual dysfunction in women include:

  • Inhibited sexual desires
  • Inability to become aroused 
  • Lack of orgasm (anorgasmia)
  • Painful intercourse 

How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
The diagnose a woman's sexual problem, the doctor likely will begin with a through evaluation of symptoms and a physical examination 

How are female sexual problems treated?
The ideal approach to treating sexual problem in women involves a team effort between the woman, doctors, and trained therapists. Most types of sexual problems can be corrected by treating the underlying physical or psychological problems. Other treatment strategies focus on the following:

  • Providing education.
  • Enhancing stimulation.
  • Providing distraction techniques.
  • Encouraging non coital behaviors.
  • Minimizing pain.

Can female sexual problems be cured?
The success of treatment for female sexual dysfunction depends on the underlying cause of the problem. The outlook is good for sexual problems related to a treatable or reversible physical condition. Mild dysfunction that is related to stress, fear, anxiety often can be successfully treated with counseling, education, and improved communication between partners. 

How do hormones affect sexual function? 
Hormones play an important role in regulating sexual function in women. With the decrease in the female hormone estrogen that is related to aging and menopause, many women experience some changes sexual function as they age, including poor vaginal lubrication and decreased genital sensation, and orgasm. 
Researchers still are investigation, the benefits of hormones and other medications, including ayurvedic medicine, to treat sexual problem in women 

When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
Many women experience a problem with sexual function from time to time. However, when the problems persistent, they, they can cause distress for the woman and her partner, and can we have a negative impact on their relationship. If you consistently experience these problems, see your doctor for evaluation and treatment 

Abandon unhealthy habits of younger days get married with revived youthfulness. 

2 people found this helpful

What Are The Side Effects Of Uterine Prolapse?

secondary DNB, DGO, fellowship in minimal access surgery, observership in advanced reproductive technique
Gynaecologist, Patna
What Are The Side Effects Of Uterine Prolapse?

The uterus or womb is a strong structure that is held up by the pelvic muscles and tendons. In case that these muscles or tendons extend or get distinctly powerless, they are no longer ready to support the uterus, bringing about prolapse. Uterine prolapse happens when the uterus hangs or slips from its ordinary position, into the vagina or birth channel.

Uterine prolapse might be fragmented or complex. A deficient prolapse happens when the uterus is just halfway drooping into the vagina. An entire prolapse depicts a circumstance in which the uterus falls so far down that some tissue rests outside of the vagina.

The danger of having a prolapsed uterus increases as a woman ages and her estrogen levels diminish. Estrogen is the hormone that keeps the pelvic muscles solid. Harm to pelvic muscles and tissues during pregnancy and labor may likewise lead to prolapse. Women with more than one vaginal birth and in their postmenopausal period are under the most significant risk. Any action that puts weight on the pelvic muscles can expand your danger of a uterine prolapse. Different variables that can increase your risk for the condition include:

  1. Obesity
  2. Constant coughing
  3. Constipation

Women who have a minor uterine prolapse might not have any side effects. Direct to serious prolapse may bring about side effects, for example:

  1. Having an inclination that you are sitting on a ball
  2. Vaginal bleeding
  3. Expanded discharge
  4. Issues with sex
  5. Feeling the uterus or cervix leaving the vagina
  6. A pulling or substantial feeling in the pelvis
  7. Constipation
  8. Bladder infections

In case that you experience these symptoms, it is important to see your specialist. Without appropriate diagnosis, the condition can weaken your vagina, bladder, and sexual capacity. Treatment is not generally fundamental for this condition. In case that prolapse is serious, talk with your specialist about which treatment choice is suitable for you. Nonsurgical medicines include:

  1. Shedding pounds to take the strain off of pelvic structures
  2. Maintaining a strategic distance from truly difficult work
  3. Doing Kegel works out, which are pelvic floor exercises that strengthen the vaginal muscles
  4. Taking estrogen substitution treatment
  5. Wearing a pessary, which is a device embedded into the vagina that fits under the cervix and pushes up and settles the uterus and cervix

Surgical medications include uterine suspension or hysterectomy. During uterine suspension, your specialist puts the uterus once again into its normal position by reattaching pelvic tendons or utilizing surgical materials. During a hysterectomy, your specialist expels the uterus from the body through the stomach area or the vagina. Surgery is usually successful; however, it is not suggested for women who anticipate having a baby later on.