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Overview

Anorexia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Anorexia is an eating disorder which is characterized by unusually low body weight, distorted perception of body weight and fear of becoming fat or obese. People with anorexia have an obsession on controlling their shape and weight, they usually use a lot of efforts to reduce their body weight and this interferes with their day to day activities. To prevent gaining weight, people with anorexia restrict eating a large amount of food. They control their calories by misusing enemas, diuretics, diet aids and laxatives. Sometimes, they also resort to vomiting after eating their meal. Anorexia can give you psychological stress about self worth, body image and social acceptance.

How would you know if your loved one has anorexia?

There can be a possibility that your loved one might have anorexia, it is recommended to watch out for these possible signs:

  • Skipping meals
  • Making unusual excuses for not eating food.
  • Eating only foods that are low in calories and fat.
  • Adopting certain eating rituals (spitting food or vomiting after eating) and rigid meal schedule.
  • Cooking meals for others but avoid eating any of it.
  • Checking their weight repeatedly.
  • Checking in the mirror for any perceived flaws.
  • Complaining and whining about being fat.
  • Refusing to eat in public.
  • Eroded teeth and knuckle calluses which occur if they vomit regularly.
  • Covering themselves in a lot of clothes.

What causes anorexia?

  • Biological- There can be genetic changes in a person’s body which can make them more prone to developing anorexia. Some people can also have a genetic tendency directed towards perseverance, sensitivity and perfectionism (traits which are associated with anorexia).
  • Psychological- Many emotional characteristics can also contribute to anorexia. Women who have OCD (Obsessive compulsive disorder) are at a higher risk of developing anorexia. This occurs because they can have an excessive drive for perfectionism, this can make them think they’re never too thin enough.
  • Environmental- In today’s world, worth and success is equated with being thin. Peer pressure also helps fuel the desire which exists mostly among young girls.
  • Risks factors which contribute in developing anorexia:

    • If you are a girl, you can be at a higher risk of developing anorexia.
    • Changes in some genes can make people more prone to anorexia.
    • If one or both your parents have anorexia, there are chances that you can develop anorexia too.
    • Artistic and sports related activities- Models, dancers, actors and athletes are at a higher risk of developing anorexia.
Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Extreme weight loss Fatigue Insomnia Fainting Dizziness Inability to menstruate Constipation

Popular Health Tips

Effective Ways To Deal With Anorexia and Bulimia!

Dr. Vikas Jain 90% (92 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Effective Ways To Deal With Anorexia and Bulimia!
An eating disorder, mostly appears when your food habits reach levels of extremity. Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia are two main and the most common eating disorders found in men and women. One is the lower extreme while the other is the higher extreme in terms of food intake. 1. Anorexia: People who are affected with anorexia think of themselves to be very overweight in spite of actually being very slim and thin. Anorexia inflicted people consume less than a thousand calories per day. They exercise rigorously and try to find more ways to lose weight. They vomit a lot due to the insufficient diet and suffer more. The treatment for anorexia nervosa generally includes a mix of mental treatment, and regulated weight gain program. An anorexia patient should seek treatment as early as possible. The best ways to deal with anorexia are: Psychological Treatment: Various psychological treatments can be used to cure anorexia of different stages. They are cognitive analytic therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, focal psychodynamic therapy. A family's response is also an important psychological factor. Proper encouragement and effort should be given. Weight gain program: This measure will guide an anorexic patient to improve his diet habits and slowly gain weight. A patient is monitored carefully, traits are recognized and a likewise diet pattern is given. 2. Bulimia: Bulimia nervosa is another category of eating disorder. The main characteristic of this disorder is overeating in the highest level. Binge eating is observed, followed by attempts by the affected individual to lose weight. A bulimic patient is constantly trapped in the cycle of overeating and then thinking about losing weight. Maybe you do not like the idea of binge eating and fear getting obese, but once affected by bulimia a patient cannot follow this and binge eats. Later, they adopt extreme measures for losing weight. The primary methods to deal with bulimia are: Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy, or talk therapy includes examining your bulimia and related issues with an expert. It is proven that these sorts of psychotherapies restrict the symptoms of bulimia. The three modes of psychotherapy include- Cognitive-behavioral therapy, Family-based therapy and Interpersonal psychotherapy. Medications: Medicines such as anti-depressants can be taken by bulimia patients along with psychotherapy. Prozac is a recommended and effective medicine. Proper diet plan: For bulimia affected patients, having a proper balanced diet is very essential. A diet expert should be consulted, who will make the most essential food pattern for you. Undertaking a weight loss program is also recommended. Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia should be avoided, and you should know the best ways to deal with them.

Eating Disorder - Causes And Risk Factors!

Dr. Lakshmi Prabha 82% (10 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Eating Disorder - Causes And Risk Factors!
Causes of eating disorders and risk factors associated with them Conditions related to the eating patterns or behavior of an individual which leave a negative impact on the health of the person are known as eating disorders. These can lead to the deficiency of sufficient nutrition in the body. The heart, the digestive system, the bones, and the teeth and the mouth are the body parts that generally get affected due to this condition. Although the root cause is not known exactly, there are several factors which can be held responsible for causing this type of disorders likes: 1. Genetics-A person, who has parents or siblings suffering from eating disorders, has higher chances of suffering from it as well. 2. Society- In order to fit into the society, people often find it very necessary to look the best, which means being thin. Peer pressure and the worry about what people say fuels the desire, more like desperation in a person to become thin, which may lead to an eating disorder. 3. Emotional and psychological health- Problems directly linked with the psychological and emotional health of a person, like low self-esteem, impulsive behavior, relationship associated trouble and perfectionism can also lead to eating disorders. There are certain factors which increase the risk of eating disorders. 1. Age-Anyone can suffer from this condition. However, a teenager or a young adult has higher chances of getting an eating disorder. 2. Gender- Females have higher risks of suffering from eating disorders than men. 3. Stress- Anyone who is going through any kind of emotional/mental stress has high chances of getting an eating disorder. 4. Family history-People who have a family history of this condition, i.e. their parents or siblings had suffered from it earlier, have higher chances of getting any kind of eating disorder. 5. Other mental disorders-Obsessive compulsive disorder, depression and anxiety are some mental disorders which may trigger this condition in an individual. 6. Profession-Athletes, sports persons, dancers, models or actors have higher chances of suffering from eating disorders because they always have this urge/want to look the best, so they starve themselves.
3926 people found this helpful

Walking - How Much And For How Long Should You Walk To Lose Weight?

Dr. Anuradha Sharma 86% (13847 ratings)
MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Walking - How Much And For How Long Should You Walk To Lose Weight?
Walking is one of the most effective and low-impact means of losing weight. Here, it is crucial to understand how to execute it efficiently. Most people enjoy walking as it is easy on your joints and doesn t lead to any kind of injuries. If you wish to lose weight, you will have to set the right goals while comprehending the fundamentals of weight loss. How long would it take to reach the desired weight? With a set goal and proper way of execution, most people tend to lose about half to one pound in a week. If you wish to shed some more pounds within this span, you should know that it is not advisable. This pace mentioned above is safe and would inhibit the lost weight from reappearing. For losing about one pound in a week, you will have to burn around 500 calories each day. If you believe you are not able to burn this amount of calories only by walking, you should reduce the daily calorie intake. How often is it required to walk? If you have never been into this type of routine, you should start by walking on alternate days for about 20 minutes. You will gradually have to surge the duration and frequency of the walks until you are capable of walking an hour every day. Even though it is not an activity to dislike, many people might find it boring.To make it enjoyable, you can listen to music while walking or find other ways suitable for you. As mentioned earlier, you will have to walk on at least 5 days in a week while you should aim to walk every day. Moreover, you must refrain from skipping the activity more than a day at a stretch. This is because having consistency would not just aid in burning calories but also improve your metabolism. Make sure that you walk between 6 and 10 hours in a week. Does your diet play a role in weight loss through walking? It goes without saying that having some potato chips or a candy bar can reduce your chances of weight loss that you may have expected from the walking sessions. For losing weight, you should not only walk, but also eat lesser calories than what you can burn. Another aspect that deserves mention here is that most people tend to stop all sorts of physical activity right when they reach their desired weight. According to fitness experts, you must spend about 60 to 90 minutes of physical activity most days of the week while ensuring that you do not eat too much of unwanted calories to maintain your weight.
8374 people found this helpful

Mental Health - Why You Should Not Ignore It?

Dr. Praveen Tripathi 93% (146 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, CE (New York)
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Mental Health - Why You Should Not Ignore It?
For a fully functional and productive life, a person requires a healthy body and a healthy mind. Mental health issues could range from depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, dementia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, autism and other causes. Hence, it is important that a person pays attention to these mental health disorders to avoid further problems in their lives, as well as the lives of the people around them. Here are a few reasons as to why a person should not avoid or ignore their mental health problems: Better Physical Health: There is a solid association between the brain and the body. In case you are in physical pain, your work and family life might be influenced or you will be unable to do the activities you might like. This can prompt anxiety, nervousness and depression. People with physical health issues are three times more prone to look for mental health care than those without physical conditions as physical health problems can prompt mental distress and mental health issues can impair your physical health. Enhanced Productivity and Financial Stability: Stressful situations may trigger reactions that can make a person unproductive and lead to financial problems as well. Some people end up abandoning their homes, going bankrupt or homeless after trying to manage some sort of mental illness. Less Strain on the Family: Mental sickness or disorders influence families as well. The children of individuals with mental health issues are at more serious danger for misuse, disregard and an extensive variety of emotional and behavioral issues. Since they cannot look up to their parents for help and they frequently isolate themselves from their friends and most of them do not get the required social backing. Much of the time, the impact extends into adulthood, driving children to look for psychological or mental treatment of their own. Evasion of Crime and Victimization: A few studies recommend that individuals with untreated mental health, particularly in combination with other risk factors, might be at risk of carrying out criminal activities, violence or most probably becoming victims themselves. The danger increases gradually when the individual uses medications or alcohol or has acute symptoms. It could also happen if they are not aware of their mental state or have a poor adherence to medication. Usually, acts of violence happen against relatives or somebody in the individual's nearby group of friends or in close proximity to them. A Longer, Happier Life: Individuals with even a mild mental health issue may have a lower life expectancy and a short life span. Those with the largest amounts of depression or nervousness had the danger of death that increased an incredible ninety-four percent, mostly identified with heart diseases.
3741 people found this helpful

How to Treat Eating Disorders in Children

Dr. Anuj Khandelwal 89% (136 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Sexologist, Mumbai
How to Treat Eating Disorders in Children
The number of children suffering from eating disorders are on the rise. Change in eating habits, stress, depression, low self-esteem, lack of control in life, anger and loneliness are some of the causes of eating disorders. Some genetic disorders could also be a reason for eating disorders. Eating disorders may lead to several health conditions which may arise in case of abnormal eating patterns. The common modes of eating disorders in children are as follows: Anorexia Children who are affected with anorexia think they are very overweight in spite of actually being very thin. Anorexia affected children consume less than a thousand calories per day. The treatment for anorexia nervosa generally includes a mix of mental treatment and regulated weight gain program. The best ways to deal with anorexia are: 1. Psychological Treatment: Different psychological treatments can be used to cure anorexia of different stages in children. They include cognitive analytic therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy and focal psychodynamic therapy. A family's response is also an important psychological factor. Proper encouragement and effort should be provided. 2. Weight gain program: A weight gain program will guide an anorexic child to improve his diet habits and slowly gain weight. A patient is monitored carefully; the traits are recognized and a diet pattern is given, which is ideal for him. Bulimia Bulimia nervosa is another category of eating disorder. The main characteristic of this disorder is overeating in the highest level. Binge eating is observed, followed by attempts by the affected individual to lose weight. A bulimia affected child is constantly trapped in the cycle of overeating and then thinks about losing weight. In spite of not liking the idea of binge eating for the fear of getting obese, a child affected by bulimia cannot follow this and continues binge eating. Later, they take extreme measures to lose weight. The primary methods to deal with bulimia are: 1. Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy or talk therapy includes examining the bulimia and related issues with an expert. It has been proven that psychotherapy restricts the symptoms of bulimia. The three modes of psychotherapy include, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Family-based therapy and Interpersonal psychotherapy 2. Medications: Medicines such as anti-depressants can be taken by bulimia patients along with psychotherapy. Prozac is one medicine that can be taken. 3. Proper diet plan: For bulimia affected children, having a proper balanced diet is very important. A diet expert should be consulted, who will make the most essential food pattern for the child. Undertaking a weight-loss program is also vital. Binge eating Similar to bulimia, binge eating includes out of control eating in huge quantities in a short period of time. The food is not vomited out, and binge eating causes obesity. Intense emotions are experienced in binge eaters. Binge eating in children can be treated with behavioral therapy, medications and psychotherapy. Eating disorders are quite common in children who are yet to gain maturity. These disorders may lead to severe health consequences, which may affect a child physically and psychologically. A proper treatment is also essential to deal with these disorders.
6358 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Dear Doctor I want to gain our muscles and weight. But problem is that "hunger looks less" please guide me some thing.

Dt. Divya Patel Kinjalkumar 91% (199 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Anand
Hello. You increase your weight approximately 6 to 7 kg for perfect BMI. For hunger you take some amount of ginger half an hour before the meals. And don't take water before and after half an hour of the meals.
1 person found this helpful

Please give me best suggestion for weight lose my weight is 77 kg but I want to lose 60 kg and I do regular exercise but I did not found any result and I eat fast food vry much. Plzzz give me best suggestion.

Dt. Bhuvaneswari Savant 91% (499 ratings)
Post graduate diploma in? Early childhood care and education (ECCE), Bachelor of Science (Home) with major in FOOD AND NUTRITION
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Vadodara
Hi Lybrate user weight loss can be acheived if you to need to follow a proper diet and physical activity weight loss tips 1. Avoid much outside food, fried food and junk food. 2.Avoid papad, pickles, Coconut-peanut chutney. 3.Can eat homemade Paneer sabji, sandwich, paratha. 4.Opt for Brown bread, low fat cheese, skimmed milk, roasted food items. 5.Use skimmed milk in food items as much as possible, sprinkle over cooked sabji and add in milk, soups as thickening agent. Can be eaten as wholesome powder also 6.Avoid too much off starchy foods like Potato, Yam, arvi, sweet-potato, sabu dana (Sago), Maida, corn-flour. 7.Eat lots and lots of vegetables and green leafy vegetables in form of cooked vege, Salads & Soup. 8.Avoid canned and processed foods like cream biscuits, wafers, pickle, papad For specific weight loss diet loss plan, please enroll in my weight loss package.

I have psoriasis found out recently. Can you suggest me what kind of food should I eat and can I take omega 3 fatty acids supplements because I heard that they make this condition little better. I don't eat non veg so I feel I don't get omega 3 through diet. Thank you.

Dt. Vishal Wadi 92% (286 ratings)
BSc, Certified Diabetes Educator
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Omega - 3 is good fat. You should take fax seeds - 10 gm per day, walnuts - 2-3 per day. You must stop consuming all processed & packed foods. Also try stopping milk and all dairy products for a few days, as milk is synthetic these days with a lot of harmful chemicals.

I am skinny. I take upto 2700 calories a day. I do workout alternate day and I am vegetarian even I do not eat eggs. How can I grow my muscles without supplements?

Dr. Priyanka R Gowda 92% (392 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Bangalore
Hi lybrate-user, yes you can grow your muscle, you need not eat egg and chicken to do that. You can take 1) ensure powder 6scoops a day in milk. If you want any information you can call me. Thank you.

Health Quizzes

What to Eat When You Have Diabetes

Dr. Rakesh Kakkar 92% (3524 ratings)
Practical Course in Diabetology, POST GRADUATE COURSE IN DIABETOLOGY, MBBS
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Not consuming carbohydrates is the way to go during diabetes. True or False? Take the quiz to know now.
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Health Benefits and Medicinal Uses of Tulsi

Dr. Kedar Upadhyay 91% (141 ratings)
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Tulsi helps in treating depression and stress. True or False? Attempt the quiz to know now
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