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Overview

Anorexia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Anorexia is an eating disorder which is characterized by unusually low body weight, distorted perception of body weight and fear of becoming fat or obese. People with anorexia have an obsession on controlling their shape and weight, they usually use a lot of efforts to reduce their body weight and this interferes with their day to day activities. To prevent gaining weight, people with anorexia restrict eating a large amount of food. They control their calories by misusing enemas, diuretics, diet aids and laxatives. Sometimes, they also resort to vomiting after eating their meal. Anorexia can give you psychological stress about self worth, body image and social acceptance.

How would you know if your loved one has anorexia?

There can be a possibility that your loved one might have anorexia, it is recommended to watch out for these possible signs:

  • Skipping meals
  • Making unusual excuses for not eating food.
  • Eating only foods that are low in calories and fat.
  • Adopting certain eating rituals (spitting food or vomiting after eating) and rigid meal schedule.
  • Cooking meals for others but avoid eating any of it.
  • Checking their weight repeatedly.
  • Checking in the mirror for any perceived flaws.
  • Complaining and whining about being fat.
  • Refusing to eat in public.
  • Eroded teeth and knuckle calluses which occur if they vomit regularly.
  • Covering themselves in a lot of clothes.

What causes anorexia?

  • Biological- There can be genetic changes in a person’s body which can make them more prone to developing anorexia. Some people can also have a genetic tendency directed towards perseverance, sensitivity and perfectionism (traits which are associated with anorexia).
  • Psychological- Many emotional characteristics can also contribute to anorexia. Women who have OCD (Obsessive compulsive disorder) are at a higher risk of developing anorexia. This occurs because they can have an excessive drive for perfectionism, this can make them think they’re never too thin enough.
  • Environmental- In today’s world, worth and success is equated with being thin. Peer pressure also helps fuel the desire which exists mostly among young girls.
  • Risks factors which contribute in developing anorexia:

    • If you are a girl, you can be at a higher risk of developing anorexia.
    • Changes in some genes can make people more prone to anorexia.
    • If one or both your parents have anorexia, there are chances that you can develop anorexia too.
    • Artistic and sports related activities- Models, dancers, actors and athletes are at a higher risk of developing anorexia.
Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Extreme weight loss Fatigue Insomnia Fainting Dizziness Inability to menstruate Constipation

Popular Health Tips

What Should You Eat and What Not?

Dr. Kanica 91% (14 ratings)
BHMS
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What Should You Eat and What Not?
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Examination Anxiety - How Can You Handle It?

Dr. J Chadha 92% (623 ratings)
Ph.D - Psychology, M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Mathura
Examination Anxiety - How Can You Handle It?
The exam season has arrived. Students can be seen immersed in their books and notes. Excitement is in the air and so is anxiety. While the former is a good thing to see, the latter raises concerns in the minds of parents and teachers but the fact is that anxiety before exams is a normal thing. The pressure to perform will make students experience nervousness, which is alright, but only if it is up to a limit. If it reaches an unhealthy level, it needs to be managed. If a student experiences the following symptoms before exams, then the anxiety is unhealthy and it is time for a session with a psychologist. Excessive sweating Fast heartbeat Nausea Headache Diarrhea Difficulty in breathing Lightheadedness Dizziness Dry mouth Gastrointestinal discomfort These symptoms are an indication of the student being in the grip of panic and fear. Nevertheless, it can be managed and controlled with the following tips. Make a study plan for preparation: In some cases, students get anxious because they are not ready with the preparation and days before the exam, they feel at a loss as to how they will answer the questions in the exam. To avoid this, students should make a plan for preparation, devoting adequate time to each topic so that the entire syllabus is covered and their preparation is complete. Meditate and try breathing techniques: Meditation is a great relaxation technique that soothes the mind and body. Also, taking deep breaths (inhaling and exhaling) for 15 to 20 minutes can go a long way in controlling the symptoms of anxiety. In addition, meditation gives you confidence, removes negative thoughts and also improves your concentration and memory. Exercise regularly: Getting involved in physical activity before an exam seems like a waste of time to many but it is necessary to avoid tension and stay healthy. So, if sports cannot be indulged into, one should go for exercises such as stretching and aerobics as they relax the tensed muscles and keep fatigue at bay. Eat green vegetables and light food: Eating healthy is also important during exam preparation. If one skips meals or takes recourse to fast foods, it makes anxiety worse. In fact, junk food makes one drowsy. On the other hand, fruits and vegetables are light and easy to digest. They also provide complete nutrition and ensure the sustained release of energy during the study sessions. Sleep well: Many students compromise on sleep thinking it would help in studies but lack of sleep leads to poor focus and concentration which further affects the studies. It also makes one irritable and drowsy. So, one should make sure that one is getting 6 hours of sleep every day. Exam anxiety is not an uncommon phenomenon. In fact, it is said that a small amount of anxiety is a good thing as it motivates one to perform better. It leads to nervous energy which keeps one alert but the moment it gets out of hand, it is a cause for concern. So, one must seek help if one is experiencing the anxiety symptoms and follow the above-mentioned tips. It will surely help a student.
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Treating Eating Disorders With Homeopathy!

Dr. Prashant Sharma 88% (16 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Jaipur
Treating Eating Disorders With Homeopathy!
Dietary problems are a bunch of conditions portrayed by strange dietary patterns. These may include either lack of appetite or extreme food intake to the depletion of a person s physical and emotional well-being. The two major kinds of eating disorders are as follows: Anorexia nervosa: A mental dietary problem wherein the person does not eat enough, regardless of the amount of appetite they have. He or she, in the long run, loses enough weight to wind up being skinny. Bulimia: Bulimia, also known as bulimia nervosa, is a condition wherein a person has an urge of binge eating and has a constant craving for consuming food. It is then followed by vomiting that is self-induced or done by using laxatives. However, there are certain homeopathic cures for these mental eating disorders. These must be prescribed by a doctor before intake. The cures are as follows: Ars: Some people are extremely cautious about germs and dirt. Their anorexia is combined with the fear of being poisoned. They dread that they will catch certain diseases, so they starve. Ars, short for arsenic album, is the best homeopathic cure for this. Carc: It is helpful for people who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). They dread getting extremely fat and give into their fears that are usually related to weight gain. They suffer from constant sleep deprivation and are compulsive workers. Hyos: Anorexia, in addition to craziness, madness, and the fear of being harmed, could give rise to neurotic desires, excessive worrying about one s weight and stressing over getting fat. All these can be treated with Hyos. Ign: The fear of getting to be distinctly fat, loss of control of feelings, and blacking out can all be treated with this medicine. People suffering from these conditions are enormously dissatisfied and this is usually related to their weight. Nat-mur: This is the most frequently used cure for anorexia. Fear of being rejected, harmed, and being exceptionally reluctant are certain traits of people who require this cure. This can also be the solution for dry lips, dry skin and loss of appetite, which is caused by compulsive eating and the fear of getting fat. Phos-acid: This helps people who are miserable with loss of hunger and tend to starve after which they get indifferent to all feelings and foods. Plat: It is useful for people who are obsessed with their appearance and fear getting fat. Puls: For those who have a feeling of uselessness and depression, this is a good medicine. They have a fear of gaining weight, and even if they eat a single biscuit, they fear they have gained weight. Sep: People who have anorexia, in addition to hormonal issues, queasiness, inability to smell, are usually suitable for this type of cure. They are disgusted by most of foods and their hormones cause lack of appetite. Staph: People who feel upset all the time are given this cure. They have a deep feeling of uselessness and depression and are even self-destructive.
4814 people found this helpful

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Dr. Sumit Singh 89% (37 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Levodopa - How To Maximize Its Affects For Parkinson's?
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Dr. Shaurya Rohatgi 91% (5044 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
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6 Tips For A Younger Looking Skin!
A flawless skin is the first parameter of a beautiful appearance. No matter what is your colour, a glamorous skin with no spots and blackheads is a must for being beautiful. In fact, it is the dream of most women to get a beautiful skin. Your skin can look young forever, if you take care of it in a proper manner. Your skin can look young if the collagen that is produced by the cells in skin remains intact. It helps in keeping your skin wrinkle-free and holds it tight. But, as you get older, the collagen gets damaged and its production is reduced. Here s how you can take care of the collagen fibre and keep your skin intact: Take Vitamin C: According to American Journal of Nutrition women in their mid age with sufficient amount of vitamin C had wrinkle-free skin. They looked young and vitamin. Vitamin C plays a vital role in the production of collagen. It also catalyses collagen repair. You can have food rich in vitamin C. Thus, you can eat leafy green vegetables and citrus fruits for best results on regular basis. Stop Smoking: It is always advisable to quit smoking in order to have younger and fairer spotless skin. Smoking is responsible for the release of an enzyme called metalloproteinases. This enzyme is responsible for damage of collagen fibre. Stay Away From Sun Rays: It is a known fact that sun rays are harmful to the skin. They contain ultraviolet radiations. These UV rays destroy collagen fibres, leading to loosening of the skin. Thus, it is best to avoid staying outdoors under the sun for too long on a regular basis. Or, if it is absolutely unavoidable, you must put on sunscreen lotions or creams, which protect your skin against UV rays. Take Retinol: You can apply retinoid creams. They boost the formation of collagen. These are prescription drugs. But, there are also some over-the-counter creams with retinol in lighter doses. These are useful for having a younger skin. Avoid Sweet Stuff: You must not eat too much of sweet stuff as they can cause beauty disaster. Excess sugar leads to the production of advanced glycation end products by attaching itself to lipids and proteins. This would hamper your skin and its collagen. Exfoliate: It is important for you to exfoliate your skin daily. It removes the dead cells from the outer layer and allows the skin to breathe and look fresh.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Hey. M 17 amd have 49 kg weight I wanna reduce it in a healthy way but the problem is I can't exclude rice from my diet as m used to eat once or twice a day since birth, I already added walk of an hour in my daily routine what else can I do.

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 94% (10876 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
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You need to take high fiber low fat diet. Drink lot of water everyday. Take small and frequent meals at regular intervals of 2-3 hrs. Avoid outside food completely. Ask me privately for customized diet plan for you.

Hi Doctor, I don't eat allot but I am in obesity category. Any diet suggestion for me?

Dr. Jadavjibhai Patel 87% (254 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
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Hi, Early morning 3 Glass warm water + 6 Lemon juice drink. After 5 k.m running jogging, etc. Exercise.
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Hi, I am not gaining weight, even I am eating 500 kcal above my regular diet, past two months, my weight is constant at 57 kgs, My diet and Hunger level is good, my diet plan is breakfast with 4 eggs, 300 ml milk, 30 gm whey protein, lunch with 4 chapati 100 gm curd, sabji, dinner with 2 eggs 100 gm paneer cube not cooked, 2 chapati and spicy. 2 year before I have used ON serious mass gainer and done some gyming at that time I have reached till max 63 kgs.

Dt. Dharani Krishnan 89% (71 ratings)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Chennai
Dear Lybrate User, Weight is only one parameter in the grand scale of health. You have to eat some carbohydrate that is roti 3 or bread 3 slices or cereal 1 Bowl with breakfast. You can reduce to 200 ml milk. Eggs also can be 2 numbers. Lunch you can include dhal. Dinner also you can include Dhal or whole pulses instead of eggs again. More variety in foods will add more nutrients to your health. Being healthy, having no tiredness and able to be brisk all day. These are signs of health.
1 person found this helpful

My daughter 18 years old. She is not interested in food, under weight and week. She will exhaust by evening. If we try to feed some more food, she will vomiting. Who is the specialist to consult, general physician or nutrition?

Dr. Shalini Singhal 95% (419 ratings)
Ph.D ; M.Sc Foods & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
A thorough medical examination is essential if she has a poor appetite and vomits when tries to eat more. A nutritionist can help only after the appetite is resumed. At times young girls do this purposely to keep a zero figure which is a eating disorder called as anorexia nervosa. Get that ruled out.

Hello doctor, I am 18 years old with a thin body according to my height (5'4").and I want to increase my weight bt I am not able to do so inspite of eating more .my regular routine includes college timings from 8: 00 am to 7: 00 pm. And we hve lunch break only for a hour. So I hve breakfast at home -roti and milk and have lunch in college. And dinner at 8 PM and I sleep at approx 12 AM. My periods are normal and last for 5-6 days approx. And digestive system is proper bt sometimes I have constipation. Please suggest me some health tips to gain weight.

Dt. Surabhi Jain 91% (528 ratings)
MSc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow
Hi, Thank you for your query. We will be happy to help you. Just eating a lot won't help you, eating right and healthy is the trick. -Avoid eating junk. -Eat more calories than your body burns. -Eat lots of foods that are calorie-dense. This includes various nuts and dry fruits, bananas, potatoes, rice, peanut butter. -Drink milk daily. -Consume more proteins and carbohydrates. -Increase your regular meal portions by some amount. -If you eat non-veg food, eat it more often. We are here to guide you. For a detailed and customized diet plan, feel free to leave a message. Eat healthy, stay healthy Regards.
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Health Quizzes

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