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Last Updated: Feb 18, 2020
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Breast Cancer: Procedure, Recovery, Cost and Side Effects

Overview Symptoms Types Causes Prevention Stages Diagnosis Natural Cure Is breast cancer curable? Side effects Post Treatment Guidelines Breast Cancer Treatment Sessions Cost Alternatives
Breast Cancer: Procedure, Recovery, Cost and Side Effects

What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer happens when cells in the breast start to grow out of control. They would then be able to attack nearby tissues or spread all through the body. Bigger masses are called tumors. Benign tumors can't spread and are not hazardous. Malignant tumors, however, can spread all through the body or attack nearby tissue.

Malignant growth happens most generally in tissue from the ducts or glands in the breast. It might take months or even a long time for a tumor to get enormous enough to feel in the breast, so screening is normally finished with mammograms, which can sometimes observe the disease before we can feel it or see the manifestations.

What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?

What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?

Different symptoms include:

  • Pain in the armpits or breast that does not change with the month to month cycle
  • Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast, similar to the skin of an orange
  • Rash around or on one of the nipples
  • Release from a nipple, perhaps containing blood
  • An indented or inverted nipple
  • A change in the size or shape of the breast
  • Stripping, chipping or scaling of the skin on the breast or nipple

What are the different types of breast cancer?

The most widely recognized sorts of breast cancer are Obtrusive ductal carcinoma and Intrusive lobular carcinoma.

There are a few different less normal sorts of breast cancer, for example, Paget's ailment, External medullary, mucinous, and incendiary bosom disease.

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a breast disease that may prompt breast cancer. The breast cancer growth cells are only in the lining of the ducts and have not spread to different tissues in the breast

What causes breast cancer?

The careful reason stays indistinct, however, some hazard elements make it more probable. A portion of these is preventable.

  • Age
  • Genetics
  • A background marked by breast cancer growth or bosom knots
  • Thick breast tissue
  • Estrogen exposure and breast nourishing
  • Body weight
  • Liquor consumption
  • Radiation exposure
  • Hormone treatments
  • Occupational hazards

Ways to Protect Yourself from Breast Cancer

As the causes of breast cancer aren't fully understood, it is not known if it can be prevented altogether. Some treatments are available to reduce the risk in women who have a higher risk of developing the condition than the general population.

  • Diet and Lifestyle : Regular exercise and a healthy balanced diet are recommended for all women as they can help prevent many conditions like heart disease, diabetes and many forms of cancer. There are benefits for women who:
    • Maintain a healthy weight
    • Exercise regularly
    • Have a low consumption of saturated fat
    • Do not drink alcohol
  • It’s also been suggested that regular exercise can reduce your risk of developing breast cancer by as much as a third.

  • Breastfeeding: Studies show that women who breastfeed are statistically proven to have less risk of breast cancer than those who don't. It could be due to that women don't ovulate regularly while breastfeeding and oestrogen levels remain stable.
  • Treatments to reduce your risk: The 2 main treatments are surgery to remove your breast (mastectomy) or medication. By removing as much breast tissue as possible, a mastectomy can reduce your risk of breast cancer by 90%. There are three medicines available for women who are at an increased risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Regular check-up after the age of 30 years.
  • Do self-examination and reach out to doctor in case of any symptoms or complaints.

What are the Stages of Breast Cancer?

Cancer is arranged by the size of the tumor and whether it has spread to lymph hubs or different pieces of the body. There are various methods for organizing breast cancer. One way is from stage 0 to 4, yet these might be separated into little stages.

  • Stage 0: Known as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), the cells are restricted to inside a channel and have not attacked encompassing tissues.
  • Stage 1: At the start of this stage, the tumor is up to 2 centimetres (cm) crosswise over and it has not influenced any lymph hubs.
  • Stage 2: The tumor is 2 cm crosswise over and it has begun to spread to close-by hubs.
  • Stage 3: The tumor is up to 5 cm crosswise over and it might have spread to some lymph nodes.
  • Stage 4: cancer has spread to distant organs, particularly the bones, liver, mind, or lungs.

How to diagnose breast cancer?

The ways to diagnose or determine breast cancer are as follows:

  • Breast examination: The doctor shall check both the breasts, the lymph nodes in the armpits and do an examination so as to find out any abnormalities.
  • In case of any doubt the doctor may ask for an breast ultrasound. Ultrasound can help in determining whether a new breast lump is a solid mass or a fluid-filled cyst.
  • Biopsy: This is removing a sample of breast cells for testing. Biopsy samples are sent to a laboratory for analysis where experts determine whether the cells are cancerous.
  • Mammogram: A doctor may ask for a mammogram which is an X-ray of the breast.
  • Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) MRI of breast is done to get in more detailed pictures of the breast.
  • Some may require additional therapy like chemotherapy, hormone therapy or radiation. Chemotherapy might also be used before surgery in certain situations.

How to Cure Breast Cancer Naturally and Effectively?

Treatment plan for the breast cancer comprises of following things:

  • Acupuncture - These can provide relief to the patient by helping them to unblock internal energy lines.
  • Ayurveda herbs - These herbs help in controlling the abnormal growth of breast cells, and in the later stages of breast cancer, these also help in reducing pain.
  • Curcuma - It is an antioxidant and helps in reducing free radicals from your body. This is beneficial for an improved health and immunity.
  • Maintain a healthy weight- diet with high calories should be consumed and a small or frequent meals in short time period can also help to maintain healthy weight.
  • Some may require additional therapy like chemotherapy, hormone therapy or radiation. Chemotherapy might also be used before surgery in certain situations.

Also Read: Overview of Breast Cancer Surgery

The natural therapy can be sought to be a supportive therapy after the chemotherapy or radiation therapy is carried out. Thus, it should not be considered the available alternative for breast cancer cure but as an supportive therapy. Some of these include.

Is breast cancer curable?

Yes, it is curable if you get treatment as per doctors advise.

Does breast cancer treatment have side effects?

There are two types of side effects from breast cancer treatment which are long-term and late side effects, and these side effects may include;

  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Pain and numbness (peripheral neuropathy)
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms
  • Heart problems
  • Absence of menstrual periods
  • Menopausal symptoms
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Infertility

What should I do after Breast Cancer treatment?

Recommended medical consideration after treatment. Follow-up consideration after breast cancer treatment

  • Physical tests
  • Mammograms
  • Bone health tests
  • Pelvic tests (for ladies)

During follow-up visits, your social insurance supplier will get some information about any manifestations or concerns you may have. These visits are a decent time to talk about how you're adapting inwardly.

In the event that you feel restless or discouraged, tell your provider. Your provider may refer you to a counselor, other resources. Now and again the person in question may recommend medication to treat anxiety or depression

How many sessions of Breast Cancer treatment do you need?

It totally depends on the patient's clinical conditions that how many sessions she needs. There are various types of treatment for breast cancer such as Surgery, Lumpectomy, Mastectomy, Sentinel node biopsy, etc. The time or sessions a patient requires is not specific, it varies from one patient to another.

What is the price for Breast Cancer treatment in India?

The normal expense of Breast Cancer Treatment surgery from 1,00,000 - 3,20,000 USD, while the total treatment cost comes around 4,00,000 - 5,60,000 INR as it incorporates Surgery, Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy. The expense relies upon the kind of surgery, regardless of whether it's a BCS medical procedure or mastectomy and phase of the illness. A patient needs to go through around 3 days in the hospital and 15 days outside the hospital. Tests used to analyze Breast Cancer incorporate Mammogram, Breast Exam, Breast Ultrasound, Biopsy, PET Scan, and MRI.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

In the event that you have breast cancer, you'll need to do all that you can to recover your health. As a feature of that, you may attempt complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) alongside therapeutic treatment. Complementary and alternative medicine help a few ladies diminish the reactions of radiation and chemotherapy. Corresponding medications can likewise enable you to feel engaged. Individuals may discover advantage in rehearsing positive self-care instead of depending exclusively on specialists for their health and prosperity.

Popular Questions & Answers

I'm a breast cancer survivor. Dx with papillary carcinoma and dcis in july 2018. Staging and grade were questionable due to mishandling of the lumpectomy. Under went 1 lumpectomy, 1 recession with sential node dissection. Also received 16 rounds of radiation and placed on tamoxifen for 5 years commencing in nov. 2018. Period ceased due to medical menopause in august 2019. As of april 5th I started spotting and it became extremely heavy on april 9th and am still bleeding 17 days later. On april 15th I reached out to my medical oncologist for advice and was immediately taken off of tamoxifen and sent to the hospital for further investigation. I had blood drawn, a pelvic exam and a repeat ultrasound. (i had one done in feb of 2020 showing 2 fairly large cysts measuring 3.3 cms and 4.6 cms one on each ovary. At this time my endometrium was showing thickening measuring at 22 mm.) the recent ultrasound showed the adnexal cysts had decreased bin size the largest is now 3.3 cms but is showing cystic changes and my endometrium is now showing double layer with thickening of 20. 6 mm with some peripheral vascular. I've been taking 3g tranexamic acid since april 16 and although it has slowed the flow a bit it's still bright red and am still passing clots. I'm now about to run out of tranexamic acid medication tomorrow, i'm afraid how much the bleeding will be once the meds are done. I've been referred to a gone but haven't received a call yet. I have been told they cannot rule anything out yet as I need the expertise of a gyne. I'm not trying to scare myself but i'm anxious and it would greatly help to know what my odds are that this is malignant. I find going in totally blind causes me more anxiety and stress than knowing that this may be a real possibility. What do you suggest? Also anything I should look out for if the bleeding gets worse? I'm on tylenol 3 for the pain but it's not helping and it gets so severe I throw up. Please help!

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
Tamoxifen may cause thickening of the lining of uterus, which may cause heavy bleeding at times. It may help to see your gynaecologist, who may suggest for a d&c (dilatation and curettage) procedure, before being sure of what we are dealing with a...
1 person found this helpful

I have triple negative breast cancer. After 8 cycle of chemo my pet ct and bone scan report shows no cancerous cell. My Dr. insisted on me having surgery. And I want to continue with metronomic chemotherapy with capecitabine and not have this surgery. Which will be good for me?

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
The treatment you have had is called neo adjuvant chemotherapy. It can regress the disease but can not cure it alone. There is a high chance of recurrence of disease if you do not undergo surgery. Please share your pet report before starting chemo...
1 person found this helpful

Hi sir/mam I want to ask that how can we cure from breast cancer, I mean please tell me that what are the medication for duration of breast cancer? Please sir / describe it properly.

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
Any area that does not look like normal tissue is a possible cause for concern.if you have early-stage breast cancer, you'll undergo chemotherapy treatments for three to six months, but it will adjust the timing to your circumstances. If you have ...

Sir/mam I want to know just that what are the symptoms of breast cancer? Because my mom was asking about this so please describe it properly.

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast.But we have to look into the details of the problem. Let's have a detailed discussion to Ensure pr...

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