Common Specialities
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Common Issues
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Common Treatments
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Overview

What is Breast Cancer?

Surgery is a common procedure when it comes to treating breast cancer, as the main objective is to remove the cancer cells as much as possible. There are different types of surgery for breast cancer, depending on your medical history and the type and stage of cancer that you are suffering from. The two main types of surgeries are:

  • Lumpectomy, which is also known as partial or segmental mastectomy. This surgery involves removing only that part of the breast where cancer has been detected, along with some normal tissues surrounding it. The portion of breast that is removed depends on factors such as the size and location of the cancerous tumor.
  • Mastectomy, which involves the removal of the entire breast, including all breast tissues and at times even the nearby tissues. In some cases, patients may also undergo double mastectomy, where both the breasts are removed.

Indication

A breast cancer patient may require a surgery in the following conditions:

  • If one is in a locally advanced stage of breast cancer
  • Suffering from Paget’s disease (cancer cells form in/around the nipple)
  • Multiple tumors in different areas of the breast
  • Recurring of the cancer in the breast even after radiation
  • A connective tissue disease such as lupus or scleroderma, where the side effects of radiation cannot be tolerated by the skin
  • The patient is pregnant and radiation may affect the unborn baby

Pre Procedure

The following preparations need to be taken before undergoing a surgery for breast cancer:

  • Have a detailed discussion with your surgeon as well as your anaesthetist regarding the complete procedure of the surgery. You can ask questions to your doctor and clear your doubts, if you have any.
  • If you wish to have a breast reconstruction at the same time, you will also have to meet and discuss the same with your plastic surgeon before the surgery
  • Inform your doctor regarding the medicines, supplements and the vitamins that you are taking
  • Discontinue taking medicines that may increase the risk of bleeding in the course of the surgery, like blood thinners and aspirin
  • You have to stop eating or drinking anything 8-12 hours prior to the surgery. Your doctor will instruct you in this matter.

During Procedure

The surgery is normally performed by administering general anaesthesia. An incision is made around the affected breast. The tumor and the surrounding tissues are then removed. There are different procedures by which the surgery can be performed:

  • Axillary node dissection where several lymph nodes are removed from the armpit on the side where the tumor was located
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy where only one or two lymph nodes are removed and then tested if they have cancerous cells in them
  • Total mastectomy which involves removing of the entire breast
  • Skin-sparing mastectomy where all the breast tissue, nipple and areola are removed but not the breast skin
  • Subcutaneous mastectomy, which is removal of the breast tissue only, and not the skin, nipple and areola

After Surgery and Cost :

Once the surgery is completed, the incision is stitched back that gets dissolved or has to be removed later. There may be plastic tubes placed in the surgical area for draining any fluid that may accumulate post surgery. The tubes will be sewn in place, with the other ends being attached to a small-sized drainage bag.

Post Procedure

After the completion of the surgery, you will be shifted to the bed and your pulse, breathing and blood pressure will be monitored by your doctors. There will be a dressing over your surgery site. You may feel numb, pain or a pinching sensation in your underarm area. You will be prescribed pain medications for it.

Before you are discharged from the hospital, you will be provided proper instructions regarding care at home, how to take care of your incision and drainage, recognising and informing your doctor if you see any sign of infection. There may also be some restrictions in your daily activities initially. You can also consult your doctors to have a clear knowledge when you can resume wearing a bra or breast prosthesis.

Risk & Complication

A breast cancer surgery can have the following risk or complications:

  • Bleeding from the incision site
  • Infection in the area of surgery
  • Temporary swelling
  • Pain and stiffness of the shoulder
  • Hard scar tissue formation at the surgical site
  • Hematoma, where there is a build-up of blood in the site of the surgery
  • A feeling of numbness, especially under the arm, if the lymph nodes have been removed
  • Change in the appearance and shape of the breast, especially if a large portion has been removed.

More Info

You will have to go for follow-up appointments so that the doctors can monitor your progress of recovery after the surgery. You may have to go for radiation therapy if the tumor was a large one, there were several lymph nodes that were cancerous, if the cancer had spread in the nipple or skin, or there are any cancer cells remaining even after the surgery. In case your cancer is found to be sensitive to chemotherapy, you can discuss other modes of treatment like hormone therapy with your oncologist. Apart from that, involving yourself with a counsellor or support group can help you recover fast emotionally. A healthy lifestyle with good food habits, along with cutting off tobacco and alcohol, will ensure a faster recovery and a healthy life ahead.

The cost of a breast cancer surgery may be approximately Rs. 3, 23,350 – Rs. 4,52,700.

Popular Health Tips

Breast Cancer Survivor Stories - Get Inspired!

MBBS, MD-Radio Therapy
Oncologist, Ghaziabad
Breast Cancer Survivor Stories - Get Inspired!

Though breast cancer has become very common, the good news is that more women than ever are living a healthy life to tell their survival stories. They have not just survived, but are thriving. Let us take you through a couple of survivor stories which not just gives strength and hope, but also the immense courage to stand up and fight it. The names are, however, changed to prevent identity.

Help yourself and others too: For most women, getting diagnosed with blood cancer can mean the end of life. While for the medical person, it is just another individual, for the individual, there is an entire world to think of, her world. What will happen to her family, her job, her life in total. Each person is different, and so the approach has to be different. It should not be a routine combo of surgery, chemo, and radiation. While some hospitals do it, giving a personalized touch helps. That is what happened Susan, who had a complete set of people including dietitian and psychiatrist to help her. The change that she saw with this approach led her to give a helping hand to others. She presently helps people fight and overcome breast cancer and has an extremely fulfilling life.

Shrink the tumor, not your life: For a person with two kids, Tina was aghast when she was diagnosed with breast cancer. She was just 31, and her second daughter was just turning 1, she was extremely distraught. But, her family stood with her through those testing times when she would not have time to run with her daughter or walk along with her mother. With immense support from her family, she is now free of cancer and is a Zumba instructor and now spends quality time with her daughter.

An experiment that worked: At 46 years of age, Maya was diagnosed with stage 3 breast cancer. She found a lump in her breast, which turned out to be breast cancer. The doctor said she would need it removed, and she also opted for surgery. What worked for her, though, is the fact that she was advised to try tamoxifen, which was not so strongly recommended during the initial times. She went ahead and tried, and even after 30 years down the line, is still free of cancer.

Two lives saved: At 23, Sonia was diagnosed not just with stage 4 breast cancer, but also with pregnancy. Re-testing yielded negative results. So she went ahead with chemo and radiation, but the abdominal fullness continued, and when tested again, the tests confirmed her pregnancy. She carried it through, and delivered 4 weeks prematurely but is very healthy and cancer-free now. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3802 people found this helpful

Breast Cancer - Know The Causes Behind It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Pune
Breast Cancer - Know The Causes Behind It!

Breast Cancer is a type of cancer which develops in the cells of the breasts. It is second most common form of cancer after skin cancer, among women in the United States of America. As there has been an increase in the support for breast cancer awareness and proper funding for research has helped to make advancement in the diagnosis of the disease and also in the treatment options. As people and doctors have become more aware of what leads to breast cancer, the precautions which women should consider taking so that they can prevent themselves from getting affected by the diseases and the types of treatment to be followed by the doctors, so that they can put women on the path to recovery, the deaths associated with the disease have come down.

So, even if somebody is diagnosed with cancer, their chances of survival are extremely high nowadays. Before going into the causes of breast cancer, let’s take a look at some of the symptoms which act as indications to suggest that there is a possibility of women getting affected by breast cancer.

Causes
Medical science, technology has advanced to a great extent and there has been campaigns on breast cancer awareness. Despite all the progress, still doctors are not clear as to why do cancerous cells in the breast begin to multiply at abnormal rates from time to time. There are certain factors due to which this happens. Let’s discuss in detail:

  1. Age: Age is a big factor behind breast cancer. As women grow older, chances of them becoming prone to developing cancerous cells in the breasts grow. Unfortunately, age is something beyond anyone’s control.
  2. Medical history: Medical history plays a big role in breast cancer occurring in women. If a woman has had cancer in one breast, chances are high that she would develop cancerous cells in her other breast as well.
  3. Family history: Another big factor behind a woman getting plagued by the dreadful disease of breast cancer, is the history of her mother, sister or daughter have already been engulfed by the disease.
  4. Being exposed to radiation: Exposing yourself to radiation treatments would always increase the chances of getting affected by breast cancer.
  5. Obesity: Being overweight is never a good thing. A whole lot of problems occur due to this, cancer being one of them.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3137 people found this helpful

Breast Cancer - Preventive Measures That Can Help!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Pune
Breast Cancer - Preventive Measures That Can Help!

Breast Cancer is cancer that develops in the cells of the breasts. In the United States, breast cancer happens to be the second most common cancer diagnosed in women. General signs and symptoms of breast cancer include, a lump in the breast, noticeable change in breast shape, liquid oozing out from the nipple, there might be a newly inverted nipple or a red patch of skin. Before going into the treatment and most importantly see how can this be prevented from affecting women, we will look closely into the causes, which lead to breast cancer.

Prevention of breast cancer
Doctors do not guarantee that breast cancer can be prevented. Still, women can be cautious and through reviewing the risk factors, that lead to development of cancerous cells or increase the chances of them getting affected, can go a long way in minimizing the risk.

Some of the preventive measures are:

  • Keeping a good body weight is a must. Being overweight increases the risk of breast cancer.
  • Risk of breast cancer can be reduced through medicines like tamoxifen and raloxifene. Both these medicines block the effects of estrogen on breast tissue.
  • Aromase inhibitors, as medications, can be used to prevent the production of small amounts of estrogen, which are usually produced in women during post menopause period.
  • Group of patients, who have a very high risk of breast cancer, removal of breasts through surgery is an options which doctors consider to prevent this from happening.
  • Having healthy diet is a must. Taking more of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts is desirable if you want to keep yourself away from this dreaded disease.

Breast Cancer - New Advancements That Can Help!

MBBS, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine
Oncologist, Nashik
Breast Cancer - New Advancements That Can Help!

Chemotherapy has been the remedy for cancer since the late 90s. But in today’s world the medical field has been improved so much that new methods have been invented. One of them is Hormonal therapy. It is used to cure some types of breast cancer that are affected by hormones. Receptor proteins in the breast cancer cells attach to estrogen and help the cells grow. This therapy stops the receptors attaching to estrogen in various ways.

When it is used?
Hormonal breast cancer therapy is performed after surgery to prevent the cancer from coming back. It is also applied to treat the cancer that has come back or to prevent the cancer from spreading to other parts of the body. Sometimes, if needed, it starts before the surgery. It takes five years, generally.

How it works?
Hormonal therapy mainly stops estrogen from acting on the cancer cells or lowers the estrogen level. There are different ways to do that.

  1. Blocking Estrogen Receptors: These drugs stop estrogen from helping breast cancer cells.
    • Tamoxifen: It acts as anti-estrogen in the breast cells, but acts like estrogen in other cells. It lowers the risk of breast cancer and also stops cancer from coming back.
    • Toremifene: It works in a similar way, but it is only used in metastatic breast cancer. It also decreases the pain and swelling in the muscles and bones.
    • Fulvestrant: It blocks and damages estrogen receptors. It is given by injections after other drugs stop working.
  2. Lowering Estrogen Levels: These drugs slow the growth of cancer by lowering estrogen levels.

    • Aromatase Inhibitors: These drugs stop estrogen production in women whose ovaries are not working due to menopause or other treatments. There are three types of this drug- Letrozole, Anastrozole and Exemestane.
    • Ovarian Suppression: In this method, ovaries are removed or shut down to turn pre-menopausal women to post-menopausal. There are several ways to do this, and they are- Oophorectomy or surgery, LHRH analogs and applying chemotherapy drugs.

There are some other types of hormone therapy that are less common. They were used more in the past. They are:

  1. Megestrol acetate
  2. Androgens
  3. High doses of estrogen

Side Effects:
Unfortunately, Hormonal breast cancer therapy has lots of side effects. They are-

  1. Hot flashes
  2. Mood swings
  3. Vagina discharge or dryness
  4. Developing uterine cancer
  5. Blood clots
  6. Stroke
  7. Night sweat
  8. Headache
  9. Mild nausea
  10. Bone pain
  11. Injection site pain
  12. Muscle pain and joint stiffness and pain
  13. Bone thinning
  14. Menopause

Although hormonal therapy has lots of side effects, they are limited to different kinds of hormonal therapies and it is not necessary that they will surely happen. But it is best to undergo any kind of treatment with a doctor’s advice. So patients should consult the doctor first. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3772 people found this helpful

Breast Cancer Treatment - What Type Of Nutrition Should You Intake?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Pune
Breast Cancer Treatment - What Type Of Nutrition Should You Intake?

Maintaining a nutritious diet is always a necessity and the need is more so during breast cancer treatment. Cancer being a dreadful disease, the treatment procedures put a lot of stress on any person. As it is, a person affected by cancer tends to become weak and add to that the rigorous methods of treatment. As these aspects make one thing clear from a patient’s perspective, which is to have a balanced, healthy and nutritious diet during treatment. Only then will the body have necessary strength to heal itself completely after getting treated. Good nutrition would help women to stay strong and feel good. Each cancer patient would have unique nutritional needs as per their weight, extent of the disease and their ability to intake food.

Benefits Of Good Nutrition During Breast Cancer Treatment

  • There are quite a number of benefits to maintain good nutrition during cancer treatment. Some of them are detailed below:
  • Cancer makes you weak, hence intake of good nutritious food enables you to combat fatigue.
  • Helps to maintain your body’s store of nutrients and your weight. It ensures that you don’t lose weight due to weakness.
  • Good nutrition would result in decreasing the risk of getting infected and also allow you recover faster.

What type of diet should you follow?
Now we take a look at the nutritious diet, which cancer patients must ensure to take during cancer treatment:

  • Eat less but have frequent meals throughout the day: Avoid eating too much as weight gain would be a menace in this phase. So, eat small meals frequently and that would ensure your body is getting the required protein, calories and nutrients to tolerate treatment. This would also help in reducing the side-effects related to the treatment, such as nausea.
  • Take protein-rich foods: Taking foods which are rich in protein, is a necessity as protein allows the body to repair tissues and cells. Protein also helps in building immunity. So, take items like chicken, fish, eggs, low fat dairy products in the form of milk, cheese, yogurt, nuts, beans, soyabeans. These would give you the strength to bear treatment.
  • Eat a whole lot of fruits and vegetables: Fruits and vegetables should be there in your diet as they provide antioxidants to the body, which can be of great help in fighting cancer. For patients, who are going through treatment and have weak immune system, fresh fruits and vegetables should be cooked and include them in their daily diet.
  • Drink water: It’s important for patients to drink enough water during treatment so that there is no chance of getting dehydrates. Caffeinated beverages should be avoided.
  • Go for sources of healthy fat: Fried, fatty and greasy foods should be completely avoided at all costs. Rather, choose boiled, baked or grilled foods. Healthy fats would include:
  • Intake of sweets should be limited: Sweets should be kept away from the diet of a cancer patient receiving treatment. Along with it, avoid items having high content of added sugar.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2748 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have been diagnosed with fibroadenoma in my right breast. I'm 22. My doctor told me it's not necessary to remove it. I'm very scared of developing malignancy in the future. I stopped taking meat dairy products and sugar. How common is it for me to get breast cancer?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Surgical Oncology
Oncologist, Lucknow
It will not turn into cancer therefore we do not need to remove it. However if it is affecting your peace of mind then for psychological reasons you can get it removed.
2 people found this helpful

What does "no evidence of hyperplasia or malignancy means" it was return in the report of biopsy which my mom gave. The samples went for biopsy. She is 56 years old.

MD - Radiothrapy
Oncologist, Ahmedabad
Hi, Lybrate user! Your's report say, there is no evidence of cancer. Biopsy report will guide for further management. Please give detailed history for further guidance. What's complain, investigation.
2 people found this helpful

My doctor suggest me 4 chemo for breast cancer. It was g1. The lamp size 3*2 cm in my left breast. I already talked 2. I don't want to talk anymore. Is there any problems.

MD - Radiothrapy
Oncologist, Ahmedabad
Hi, Lybrate user! Hope you are recovering quickly from your recent surgery and doing well from ongoing chemotherapy treatment. Here's wishing you the best in life and Many more years of health and happiness. Breast cancer is the leading cancer in women worldwide. Treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy & hormonal therapy. It is decided by stage of breast cancer. After surgery additional treatment are required to prevent recurrence. In your case, My advise is, you must complete your remaining chemotherapy cycles without any gap in between. It's necessary for you to prevent recurrence. Also consult your for radiotherapy and hormonal therapy (if needed). keep regular follow up with routine investigation as advised by your doctor.

HI, My mother has been suffering from breast cancer. Initially it was tumor, our Bangladeshi operate it but we want to get better treatment fro your side.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Senior Residency Training Program (Surgical Oncology), Fellowship in Cancer Surgery
Oncologist, Mumbai
Any further treatment depends upon the kind of operation done, post operative HISTOPATHOLOGY and Molecular Markers report. Also the patient has to be clinically assessed regarding her suitability of undergoing the necessary treatments.

Table of Content

What is Breast Cancer?

The following preparations need to be taken before undergoing a surgery for breast cancer:

After Surgery and Cost :

Play video
Breast Cancer
Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast.
Play video
Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is a cancer that develops from breast tissue. The signs of the disease may include a lump in the breast, change in shape of the breast, fluid coming from the nipple, dimpling of the skin and a few more. In case you trace any of the symptoms in your body, you should immediately visit a doctor and start with the treatment.
Play video
Breast Cancer
There are many types of breast cancer that differ in their capability of spreading to other body tissues. Breast cancer symptoms and signs include : a lump in breast,breast sore or nipple and so on. Its important to consult the doctor in case of any such symptoms.
Play video
Breast Cancer Treatment
I am dr Veda. The breast cancer surgeon surgical oncologist who specialises in breast cancer treatment.

Today we just want to give a message on breast cancer treatment is as of today in India. So breast cancer is one of the most common cancer amongst women. All over the world it is a number one can amongst Indian all over the world and even in India initially 10 years back it used to be survival cancer. But nowadays we have a lot of breast cancer is coming up and it has replaced cervical cancer to take the number one position in the above sentence even in the rural centres.

For an exception of few sentences for cervical cancer does more than the rest of the centre breast cancer has topped the charts as of 2018. The recent WHO on ICMR surveys that have come up the state that breast cancers the most common one and one of the square 25 to 30 women in India are at risk of developing breast cancer in the west such as US the numbers of Huge it's about 1 and 8 women are at risk of developing breast cancer. But that does not that should not make us more satisfactory or complacent because a population is huge so for a population as huge as Indian population number of breast cancer 8 March 5 so per year we see about 1.5 Lakh cases of new cases of breast cancer.

What is more worrisome is that is one population is large second is the population of people with breast cancer come at an advanced stage as compared to be used in the West president stage 1 and stage 2 where is in India breast cancer stage 3 and 4 in which it is less advanced. Second thing women in India the great of for tomorrow's find the Biology is not so good and much more aggressive treatment so that makes it different the scenario is different as of the west.

The second thing because of the highest age of presentation to cure rates of survival rates also slightly lower when compared to the west that means out of 1.5 Lakh woman who been duly diagnose breast cancer every year only 50% of the episode 75000 make it be cure in five years of diagnosis only one and two women diagnosed with breast cancer come to the come to Healthcare get proper treatment and get cured. So what we have to understand this we need to know the symptoms of breast cancer treatment of breast cancer to cast an early to make effect cost-effective treatment and to improve the survival rates the second message that I want to pass whatever treatment.

Whatever standard of care of breast cancer treatment is available all over the world is very much available in India is very much available in Delhi and it is very much available in the affordable cost and acceptable for everyone 10 years back treatment for breast cancer would be the removal of entire breast to mastectomy but now mastectomy is for very old people one simple surgery could take care of the rest of it 12 simple surgery to take care of the rest of its population surgery to take care of the rest of us even less population reconstruction plastic breast surgery cost of breast cancer treatment we come along way and with the recent advances in technology parsley second major advancements in interprocess of breast cancer management.

In the West a number of people are picked up even before they have the lump that is because of the screening mammography their lesion are picked up lump is leas than 1cm in India we also have a section of people who come very early they get picked up in a Mammogram even before patient is able to feel the lump in the asymptomatic face pedicure rates are very high the second major advance is genetic testing all of you and Angelina Jolie story and so we do have about 10% of people of hereditary breast cancer in home the bracket genes are involved and Bracket genetic testing is very much available in India at an affordable rate and if it is present then prophylactic surgeries may be option which certain people might opt for so the message for today's breast cancer is one of the very much curable cancers of all most of the cancers and of all the character of amongst women so the message for today is breast.

Play video
Breast Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment
Namaskar,

Mai Dr. Arun Kumar Goel, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Vaishali, Ghaziabad mein Cancer Surgery department ka head hoon, aur breast oncology unit ka director bhi hoon.

Mere main area of interest me breast cancer ka management ek pramukh area hai, breast cancer mahilaon ka sabse common cancer hai jo major cities hai metropolitan Delhi- NCR, Bombay aur aisi cities mein. Aur iska jo incidence hai woh badhta ja raha hai jiske kai karan hai, isme breast cancer ke ilaj mein pichle 30-40 saalon mein bahut tarakki hui hai aur aaj ke din hum dekhte hain ki breast cancer ke marijoo ka survival rate hai woh 90% se upar hai, lekin itna achha survival achieve karne ke liye hame jo hai uski diagnosis bahut jaldi karni padti hai. Toh yeh ek bahut sabse important baat hai, jo sabse common symptom hai breast cancer ka woh hai breast mein ek lump ya ganth ka hona.

Ab breast ki ganthe kuch cancerous hoti hai kuch non-cancerous hoti hai, lekin jab bhi koi ganth ho toh yeh possibility zaroor sochna chahiye ki kahi cancer to nahi hai aur turant ek cancer specialist ya breast surgeon se opinion lena chahiye. Cancer ki diagnosis banane ke liye usme kuch janche hoti hai jisme mammography ya ultrasound hota hai, fine needle aspiration cytology ya biopsy hoti hai aur kabhi kabhi breast ka MRI bhi kiya jata hai. Toh agar cancer confirm hota hai toh phir uske baad kuch staging test karte hain yeh dekhne ke liye ki bimari sharir mein kahin faili toh nahi hai, jyadatar cases me bimari localised hoti hai aur uska ilaj jo hai sabse pehle operation ya surgery ke dwara kiya jata hai jo meri main feild hai. Jyadatar logo ko breast cancer surgery mein jo pareshani hoti hai ki pehle ilaj hota tha usme purye breast ko remove kiya jata tha jise hum log mastectomy kehte thye, lekin agar mareez early stage mein aata hai ganth bahut badi nahi hai to pura breast nikalna zaroori nahi hai, hum log breast conservation surgery ke dwara breast ko bchaa sakte hain.

Isme aage aur kafi advances huye hai aur aaj kal hum log jo approach follow karte hain jis bolte hain oncoplastic breast conservation surgery, jisme jo cosmetic results pehle se bhi bheter hai. Agar kuch marijoo mein pura breast nikalna zaroori bhi hota hai toh reconstruction bhi kiya ja sakta hai. Aur ek nai approach jo surgery mein aaj kal hum log use kar rahe hai jise kehte hain Sentinel lymph Node Biopsy, yeh armpit ki jo ganthe hoti hain nodes unke management ke liye ek latest approach hai aur iss approach ka istemal karne se jo hathon mein sujan aane ka risk hai Lymphedema wo kafi kam ho jati hai. Toh surgery basically jo ho jati hai uske baad kuch marijoo mein additional treatment ki zaroorat ho sakti hai jaise chemotherapy hai, radiotherapy hai, ya kuch dawaiya hai jo hormonal intervention karti hain. Toh surgery ke baad kafi marijoo mein jo pehela ilaj hoga woh chemotherapy hota hai, jo 4 se 8 cycle tak diya ja sakta hai. Radiotherapy jin marijoo mein hoti hai woh bhi again aaj kal karib 3 hafte mein puri ho jati hai jo ki pehle usme 6 se 7 hafte lagte thye, aur nahi radiation technology ke through jo side effects hai radiation ke wo kafi kam ho gaye hain. Isi prakar hormonal therapy jo hai woh yeh radiation or chemo khatam hone ke baad di jati hai jis mein sirf ek tablet hoti hai jo marijoo ko ghar pe regular istemal karna padta hai aur wo 5 se 10 saal tak use ki ja sakti hai.

Ek aur important cheez yeh hai ki jo bhi cancer ke marij hote hain unko ek regular follow up pe chalna padta hai, toh ilaj pura hone ke baad har 3 mahine baad unhe apne surgeon ke pass follow up ke liye jana chahiye, jisme examination jo hai woh ek bahut important part hai. Phir uske baad kuch testing ho sakti hai jaise chhati ka x-ray hai, ultrasound hai, mammography hai, aur agar koi aur takleef hoti hai tu Bol Scan, MRI, CT ya Pet Scan bhi kiya ja sakta hai. Iske alawa breast cancer ke marijoo mein jo ek aur cheez hoti hai hum log ek jo usko promote karte hain woh hai support group ka concept, jisme breast cancer ke survival aapas mein milte hain, ek doosre se cheeze discuss karte hain aur support bhi provide kar sakte hain aur isse unki jo future life hai wo kafi better rehti hai. Toh mein yahi kahunga ke cancer se aapko waise bhi nahi darna chahiye aur breast cancer ke jo aaj ke din success rate hai wo bahut hi acchi hai toh bina darre janch karaye aur apna ilaj pura kare.



Dhanyavad, Thank you.
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