A laparascopy is a type of surgery that is carried out to treat a number of diseases such as kidney, gall bladder or liver stones, endometriosis or other diseases of the pelvic region, and hiatal hernia among others. It is also performed as a biopsy and also to check if cancer or tumors have spread. Hence, it's not just a treatment method but also a process of diagnosis of certain diseases. In fact, this procedure can also be carried out to figure out the underlying problem that makes it difficult for a woman to conceive. However, in this case it is generally referred after other fertility tests have been carried out and failed to show what the problem is.
A laparascopy is considered to be advantageous for patients since it involves the making of a very tiny incision in the the body, which means reduced chances of infections. Besides, a laparoscopy also leads to faster recovery periods in patients. Morover, this type of surgery is also cost-effective. However, before patients go for this surgery, they have to prepare themselves to ensure it is successful and free of complications. Preparations include telling the doctor about any allergies and on-going medications as well as following guidelines laid down by the doctor concerning eating and drinking before the surgery. That said, just before the surgery, the patient will be asked to remove all ornamentations from his or her body including contact lenses, spectacles and dentures and not just jewelry. This surgery is very effective so patients need not very about negative outcomes.
Once the patient is fully ready, the surgery is carried out by a qualified surgeon. Before the surgeon starts, the patient is given general anesthesia. After that, the surgeon may make some preparations such as cleaning the area of surgery and removing body hair that can get in the way. Once all the preparations have been made, the surgeon will make a small incision in the belly of the patient. In certain cases more than one such incision may be made to insert more tools that are needed for the surgery. Next, a tiny needle is inserted through the incision and carbon dioxide is pumped in to inflate the belly and make it ready for operation. After that, a very thin and lighted tube, known as a laparascope is inserted into the patient's body through the incision made previously. Now this tube can either be used to take tissue samples, drain liquid-filled cysts or fix the damage caused to a particular organ. In certain cases, the laparscope may have laser attached to help with the entire procedure. Once the purpose of the surgery has been served, the laparascope will be pulled out from the patient's body and the belly will be deflated back to its original state. The incision(s) made is then sutured up and covered with the help of a gauze or bandage. The entire surgery can take about half an hour to one and a half hour depending on why the laparascopy is being carried out. The patient is wheeled into the recovery room once the surgery is over where he is supposed to say for at least the next couple of hours. The patient is generally discharged on the very same day or the next day at the most.
Patients who suffer from health problems such as stones in the kidney or gallbladder, hiatal hernia, abnormal tissue growths such as tumors in the abdomen or pelvis, damage to internal organs etc. are eligible for this surgery. Since a laparascopy is also carried out for diagnostic purposes cancer patients and those suffering from fertility problems are also eligible.
Pregnant women are not eligible for this surgery. Patients on blood thinners may not be eligible too unless they discontinue the medication for a certain period of time before the surgery. Moreover, this surgery is not performed on patients who have adbominal hernia, abdominal cancer and have gone through other abdominal surgeries previously.
Side effects can take place after a laparascopy though they are not very common. These include torn stitches, pain at the site of incision, infection, bleeding from the incision, organ damage and or blood vessel damage.
Post-treatment patients are asked not to carry out strenuous activities such as exercising and/or lifting heavy weights. They may also be asked not to drive for a week. Patients will also not be allowed to have fizzy drinks at least one to two days after the surgery. Moreover, they will have to keep the area of incision clean and away from germs in order to prevent infections. With that being said, patients can return to leading their daily lives from the next day and to work a week after the surgery.
It does not take very long to recover from a laparscopy. Generally, patients are back on their feet just one week after the surgery.
A laparoscopic surgery in India can border towards the expensive side. Price of this type of surgery start from Rs. 50,000 and go up to Rs. 4,00,000. This broad range of prices of is dependent on the cause of the surgery as well as the type of the surgery.
As far as the results of a laparascopy are concerned, they are more or less permanent, and the patient generally, does not experience the cause of the surgery again. However, in certain cases, complications can arise for which further medical intervention may be required.
There are no alternatives to a laparascopic surgery if it is being carried out as a treatment process. As a diagnostic procedure, alternatives might exist in the form of other tests. One should consult with their doctor to know about alternative tests that suit their particular condition.
Rs 50,000 to Rs 4,00,000
Laparoscopy is a diagnostic procedure used to view inside of abdominal organs.
How to deal with it?
Before pre-operative appointment
On the day of laparoscopy:
After The Surgery
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Obesity is a serious lifestyle disorder that can trigger a myriad of health complications. You may often come across people who fail to lose an inch even after toiling hard. The situation may be further complicated and life-threatening if a person is suffering from diabetes, hypertension, arthritis or a heart problem. Bariatric Surgery comes as a much-needed relief for people who desperately need to lose weight to prevent health problems. People between 18-65 years of age can go for a Bariatric weight loss surgery. The surgery is also helpful for people with morbid obesity (a condition where the BMI is over 40) with associated complications.
Common types of Bariatric surgeries
Laparoscopy is a procedure that helps a doctor to view the abdomen of a woman. The pelvis of a female consists of the uterus, ovaries and the fallopian tube right at the bottom of the abdomen. The process of laparoscopy allows a doctor to witness any abnormalities that might be interfering the ability of a woman to conceive. Some of the common problems that women encounter in this regard include ovarian cysts, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, pelvic adhesions, pelvic adhesions etc.
Advantages of Laparoscopy:
Laparoscopy allows correct diagnosis of infertility problems that are often missed by the conventional method of diagnosis. For instance, a woman suffering from severe endometriosis can be rightly diagnosed by employing ultrasound. However, if a woman suffers from mild endometriosis, ultrasound cannot pick it up. Laparoscopy, in this case, can do the trick. Another instance where laparoscopy comes handy is during the diagnosis of pelvic adhesions or scar tissue. Adhesion is a disorder that restricts the fallopian tube to hold the egg during ovulation. Conventional methods such as x-rays, ultrasound, and CT scan fail to rightly diagnose the problem in this case.
Another important advantage of laparoscopy is the fact that, it is a less invasive technique as compared to conventional surgery. Traditional surgery requires making an incision that is several centimeters long. This necessarily means that a patient requires at least 2-3 days in the hospital to heal. In laparoscopy, on the other hand, make several small incisions that heal quickly.
Who has to go undergo laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy surgery is suggested for those women, who have gone through the basic assessment for infertility. Some of the infertility tests that should be undergone before approaching for a laparoscopy include ultrasound, ovulation, ovarian reserve, hysterosalpingogram etc. For men, a basic semen analysis should be done to test fertility. There are instances, where a doctor recommends laparoscopy, if the woman has a history of severe pelvic infection or ruptured appendix.
Things to expect after surgery:
Typically, the incisions are covered with bandages that are removed after twenty-four hours. Medications for nausea and pain are prescribed, to deal with them after the surgery. The recovery time depends on the length and type of the procedure, the present health of the patient, the number of incisions made, complication level of the surgery etc. Usually, there are no restrictions on food and drink after the procedure is performed. Since anesthesia is given for undergoing the surgery, it is recommended that a person takes rest for at least twenty-four hours before resuming normal activities. The woman cannot return to normal life and work after a few days, from the day of the surgery. But it is recommended to take rest for two weeks.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Gallstones are a medical condition in which the formation of stones takes place in the bile duct or the gallbladder. One of the major factors responsible for the formation of gallstones is an elevated excretion of cholesterol by the liver, most of which remains undissolved by the bile. The undissolved cholesterol may crystallize resulting in the formation of gallstones (yellow cholesterol stones, a condition termed as Cholesterol Gallstones). In some cases, increased level of bilirubin in the bile (triggered by a liver problem, liver damage or other medical conditions), which doesn't undergo a breakdown, may lead to stone formation (known as Pigment Gallstones). Here, the stones appear black or dark brown in color.
Gallstones are common among women, especially those who are 40 years and more. Obesity, diabetes, liver disorders, unhealthy diet (rich in fats and cholesterol), certain medications (those containing estrogen) can also trigger the formation of gallstones. Gallstones left untreated and unattended can give rise to serious complications such as blockage of the pancreatic duct (resulting in Pancreatitis) or the bile duct. There may also be inflammation of the gallbladder. In extreme cases, a person may even suffer from something as serious as Gallbladder Cancer.
Laparoscopy to remove the gallstones
The fallopian tubes are not mere passages for the egg to travel from the ovaries to the uterus. It is here that conception occurs and hence healthy fallopian tubes are essential for the fertilization of an egg.
Damaged fallopian tubes are the most common cause of infertility. This damage can fall under three categories:
The third is usually an effect of pelvic infections or natural healing after a pelvic surgery. Sadly, in most cases, this condition is discovered only after infertility has been diagnosed. Other causes of fallopian tubal scarring include:
Fallopian tubal scarring has no recognizable symptoms. Chronic pelvic pain is the only known symptom of this damage and that too can be seen only in severe cases of tubal scarring. On diagnosing infertility, your doctor will perform one of these tests to determine the condition of your fallopian tubes.
Treatment for infertility caused by tubal scarring is of two types.
In large number of cases of tubal scarring tubes would be open on tubal testing. However, it may not be working well or is functional. A lot of women with so called unexplained infertility may actually have tubal scarring or non functional tubes as the cause of Infertility. IVF is the best treatment option in such cases as it would bypass the work of the tubes completely. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an IVF Specialist.