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Overview

Laparoscopy: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A laparascopy is a type of surgery that is carried out to treat a number of diseases such as kidney, gall bladder or liver stones, endometriosis or other diseases of the pelvic region, and hiatal hernia among others. It is also performed as a biopsy and also to check if cancer or tumors have spread. Hence, it's not just a treatment method but also a process of diagnosis of certain diseases. In fact, this procedure can also be carried out to figure out the underlying problem that makes it difficult for a woman to conceive. However, in this case it is generally referred after other fertility tests have been carried out and failed to show what the problem is.

A laparascopy is considered to be advantageous for patients since it involves the making of a very tiny incision in the the body, which means reduced chances of infections. Besides, a laparoscopy also leads to faster recovery periods in patients. Morover, this type of surgery is also cost-effective. However, before patients go for this surgery, they have to prepare themselves to ensure it is successful and free of complications. Preparations include telling the doctor about any allergies and on-going medications as well as following guidelines laid down by the doctor concerning eating and drinking before the surgery. That said, just before the surgery, the patient will be asked to remove all ornamentations from his or her body including contact lenses, spectacles and dentures and not just jewelry. This surgery is very effective so patients need not very about negative outcomes.

How is the treatment done?

Once the patient is fully ready, the surgery is carried out by a qualified surgeon. Before the surgeon starts, the patient is given general anesthesia. After that, the surgeon may make some preparations such as cleaning the area of surgery and removing body hair that can get in the way. Once all the preparations have been made, the surgeon will make a small incision in the belly of the patient. In certain cases more than one such incision may be made to insert more tools that are needed for the surgery. Next, a tiny needle is inserted through the incision and carbon dioxide is pumped in to inflate the belly and make it ready for operation. After that, a very thin and lighted tube, known as a laparascope is inserted into the patient's body through the incision made previously. Now this tube can either be used to take tissue samples, drain liquid-filled cysts or fix the damage caused to a particular organ. In certain cases, the laparscope may have laser attached to help with the entire procedure. Once the purpose of the surgery has been served, the laparascope will be pulled out from the patient's body and the belly will be deflated back to its original state. The incision(s) made is then sutured up and covered with the help of a gauze or bandage. The entire surgery can take about half an hour to one and a half hour depending on why the laparascopy is being carried out. The patient is wheeled into the recovery room once the surgery is over where he is supposed to say for at least the next couple of hours. The patient is generally discharged on the very same day or the next day at the most.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Patients who suffer from health problems such as stones in the kidney or gallbladder, hiatal hernia, abnormal tissue growths such as tumors in the abdomen or pelvis, damage to internal organs etc. are eligible for this surgery. Since a laparascopy is also carried out for diagnostic purposes cancer patients and those suffering from fertility problems are also eligible.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Pregnant women are not eligible for this surgery. Patients on blood thinners may not be eligible too unless they discontinue the medication for a certain period of time before the surgery. Moreover, this surgery is not performed on patients who have adbominal hernia, abdominal cancer and have gone through other abdominal surgeries previously.

Are there any side effects?

Side effects can take place after a laparascopy though they are not very common. These include torn stitches, pain at the site of incision, infection, bleeding from the incision, organ damage and or blood vessel damage.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post-treatment patients are asked not to carry out strenuous activities such as exercising and/or lifting heavy weights. They may also be asked not to drive for a week. Patients will also not be allowed to have fizzy drinks at least one to two days after the surgery. Moreover, they will have to keep the area of incision clean and away from germs in order to prevent infections. With that being said, patients can return to leading their daily lives from the next day and to work a week after the surgery.

How long does it take to recover?

It does not take very long to recover from a laparscopy. Generally, patients are back on their feet just one week after the surgery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

A laparoscopic surgery in India can border towards the expensive side. Price of this type of surgery start from Rs. 50,000 and go up to Rs. 4,00,000. This broad range of prices of is dependent on the cause of the surgery as well as the type of the surgery.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

As far as the results of a laparascopy are concerned, they are more or less permanent, and the patient generally, does not experience the cause of the surgery again. However, in certain cases, complications can arise for which further medical intervention may be required.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to a laparascopic surgery if it is being carried out as a treatment process. As a diagnostic procedure, alternatives might exist in the form of other tests. One should consult with their doctor to know about alternative tests that suit their particular condition.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs 50,000 to Rs 4,00,000

Popular Health Tips

Open Or Laparoscopy Surgery - Which Is Better In Case Of Intestine?

MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Thrissur
Open Or Laparoscopy Surgery - Which Is Better In Case Of Intestine?

In order to maintain a healthy digestive system, your small intestine plays a major role. This is also called as the small bowel. The major function of the small intestine is that it absorbs fluids and nutrients from the food that you take in and discharges waste material to the large intestine. When there is a problem with the small intestine’s functioning, then your health is at total risk. It will not be able to absorb the essential elements from the food and will not send waste to the large intestine. You will need immediate intestine surgery for this. The doctor may even remove the damaged part of the small intestine if there is a blockage or any other infection inside. This surgery is also called as Small bowel resection.

Why do you need an Intestine Surgery?
There are many conditions that can cause some damage to the small intestine. Mostly, the damaged part of the small intestine is removed, but in rare cases, a small part of the same intestine is also removed to do some tests. When you have a severe ulcer, infection or bleeding in the small intestine, intestine cancer, any injuries to the small bowel or blockage in the small intestine then these can be some of the conditions which need an Intestine surgery.

Intestine Surgery procedure:
Usually, Intestine Surgery is performed in two different ways:
Open Surgery: Initially, you will be given anesthesia so that you will not feel the pain. Usually, depending on the severity of the problem, the surgery may take from one hour to eight hours also.

In Open Surgery, the abdomen part of the body is used to make an incision. The doctor will find the affected part of the intestine and will clamp it. Then the required part of the intestine is removed and stitched back to normal.
Laparoscopic Surgery: Coming to Laparoscopic Surgery, you will have small incisions compared to the incisions in Open surgery. Initially, the gas is sent inside the abdomen area in order to inflate the abdomen area. This will allow the surgeon to see things clearly inside. When small tools, camera, and lights are sent in the body and with the help of all these the affected part of the intestine is clamped. Now, that part is removed and the incisions are closed.

To finish the surgery, usually the two ends of the left out intestine are stapled or sewed together to make it into one. But in some cases, this may not be possible and hence they will make a new opening and that is called as Stoma. The intestine will discharge through the Stoma into a drainage bag. This entire process is called as an ileostomy.
You will have to stay on a liquid diet for at least seven-days post-surgery. If it was an emergency or a major part of the intestine gets removed, then you will need to stay in the hospital for two weeks.

 

4 people found this helpful

Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia & Paraesophageal Repair

MCh - Pediatric Surgery, MRCS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS) & Reproductive Medicine, MBBS
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia & Paraesophageal Repair

When a tissue or an organ gets displaced abnormally through the wall of the cavity in which it usually resides, then this condition is termed as a hernia. A hernia including stomach or intestine has become a common occurrence.

Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. The actual cause of Hernia is not known however, some people are either born with an unusually large hiatus or it might occur when too much pressure is exerted on the muscles around your stomach. Obesity, aging, and smoking are the other contributing factors.

A Hiatal Hernia is a condition in which a part of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm (muscular wall separating the chest cavity and the abdomen) into the chest. There are two types of Hiatal Hernia – Paraesophageal Hernia and Sliding Hernia. Sliding Hernia occurs when your stomach and esophagus slide in and out of your chest through the hiatus. Paraesophageal Hernia is the one where a part of the stomach passes or bulges into the chest beside the esophagus. Particularly if a Paraesophageal Hernia is large, it might slow down the food passage and cause the food to stick in the esophagus once it is swallowed. Fortunately, these types of cases are uncommon.

The treatment of every hernia depends on its size and symptoms. A surgery is recommended for the below-listed cases:

  • Incarcerated Hernia - Where the intestinal tissue gets trapped in the abdominal wall, resulting in pain and discomfort.
  • Strangulated Hernia -  If the Incarcerated Hernia is left untreated it may become Strangulated Hernia wherein the blood supply to the trapped tissue is cut off which can cause permanent damage or death.

Medical Emergency is considered when you experience nausea or vomiting, sudden pain which turns worse, or when Hernia turns red, purple or dark.

Laparoscopy:
The common surgical procedure used for repair of a hiatal hernia is a Laparoscopic method. A laparoscope is a telescope-like instrument connected to a video camera, that is inserted into the abdominal cavity and the surgical video is visualized on high-resolution video monitors in the operating room. Long thin surgical instruments are inserted in the other incision and the surgeon performs the surgery by watching the monitor. This method causes less pain and speedy recovery compared to the conventional techniques. This is proved as a minimally invasive procedure where both pain and healing time is greatly reduced. Since incisions are very small during the surgery you experience less discomfort resulting in the use of lesser painkiller, which is one of the primary advantages of this procedure.

Another significant benefit of a laparoscopic procedure is that there is less risk of post-op infection owing to lesser exposure of the internal organs to any external contaminants. Since healing is so much faster the length of hospital stay required is also significantly shorter with laparoscopic surgery. This implies that you can return to your normal routine quicker as you will get discharged from the hospital on the same-day or the next-day of the surgery.

1 person found this helpful

Tips To Deal With Abdominal Laproscopy!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Pune
Tips To Deal With Abdominal Laproscopy!

Laparoscopy is a diagnostic procedure used to view inside of abdominal organs.

How to deal with it?

Before laparoscopy

  • You have to be mentally prepared. You have to stop taking all the supplements, aspirin as it will act as a blood thinner which can give risk to haemorrhage.
  • Take any relative/ friend to accompany you on the day of surgery and 24 hours after surgery. This person must be known one with whom you are comfortable who can take care of you, regarding medicines or to take you to the washroom, dressing.
  • Prepare your food prior and keep before surgery.
  • Do not wear silk as it will irritate the wound.
  • Always keep your location clean with clean sheets, pillow, and analgesics.

Before pre-operative appointment

  • You can ask your doctor what questions you have in your mind.
  • Ask your doctor regarding details of analgesic prescription and fill up form before the procedure is done.
  • Ask whether enema is required or whether shaving is required on a part where surgery is to be done.
  • Ask your doctor if you can receive video-tape of the procedure so that patient can view the whole laparoscopic procedure.

On the day of laparoscopy:

  1. Wear loose clothing.
  2. Avoid wearing makeup, body lotions, and deodorant.
  3. Remove watch, earrings, and bracelet.
  4. When you reach the hospital, relax.
  5. Don’t go into anxiety.

After The Surgery

  1. When you go home after surgery sleep and lie down for 24 hours, since your abdominal muscles will be tensed for few days.
  2. Splinting your belly is necessary. This can be done by hugging your pillow at the abdomen or put an abdominal binder around abdomen. Do not sit upright until and unless wound heals as it is a fresh cut. Likewise, avoid wearing tight clothes which put pressure on the abdomen. You will have to hold a pillow while sneezing or coughing as the abdomen is very tender.
  3. There will be shoulder pain for some days. Try keeping heat pad to relieve pain.
  4. Eat light slowly starting with liquids than solids.
  5. Drink 2 litres of water and fibre-rich diet to avoid constipation as anaesthesia and analgesics can cause constipation after surgery.
  6. To get out of bed, first turn sideways take your feet out sit up using arm and then stand.
  7. Avoid getting into the sexual relationship for certain period until bleeding stops after laparoscopy.
  8. Avoid taking bath for a week after surgery.
  9. Apply vitamin E to the scar after surgery as it promotes faster healing.
  10. Keep moving after 2 hours as it will reduce gas pain.It takes a week to recover, but if any signs, like fever or a discharge is seen, immediately contact your doctor.
  11. Strictly avoid wearing nylon clothes after surgery as it will cause a lot of irritation to the patient.
  12. Trust yourself and take much of rest for faster healing.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2745 people found this helpful

Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery - How Laparoscopy Can Help In It?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS - General Surgery , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
General Surgeon, Delhi
Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery - How Laparoscopy Can Help In It?

Obesity is a serious lifestyle disorder that can trigger a myriad of health complications. You may often come across people who fail to lose an inch even after toiling hard. The situation may be further complicated and life-threatening if a person is suffering from diabetes, hypertension, arthritis or a heart problem. Bariatric Surgery comes as a much-needed relief for people who desperately need to lose weight to prevent health problems. People between 18-65 years of age can go for a Bariatric weight loss surgery. The surgery is also helpful for people with morbid obesity (a condition where the BMI is over 40) with associated complications.

Common types of Bariatric surgeries

  1. The Laparoscopic Gastric Banding: The gastric banding surgery is a surgical weight loss procedure that divides the stomach into two compartments so that a person consumes lesser amount of food.
    • The surgery requires the surgeon to make 3-4 small cuts in the belly.
    • An adjustable silicone band is placed into the stomach (through the small incisions) to divide the stomach into two compartments (a smaller upper half and a bigger lower part).
    • Due to the banding, the stomach can hold not more than an ounce of food, thus limiting the amount of food a person can eat.
    • There is an opening in the band which serves as a passage through which the food eaten is passed to the rest of the stomach.
    • There is a plastic tube that connects the band to an injection port (situated under the skin). It is through this port that saline is either added or removed from the silicone band (to adjust the tightness of the band).
  2. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery (RGB): The bypass surgery also involves compartmentalizing the stomach into an upper half (small pouch, almost the size of a walnut) and a bigger lower part. Like the gastric banding, the rearrangement reduces the amount of food the stomach can hold to a great extent. In the next step, also termed as the bypass step, the surgeon makes a small hole in the pouch to connect it to the small intestine or the jejunum. As a result of the bypass, the food will now directly enter the small intestine from the pouch. While the bypass surgery can be done using laparoscopy, a person can also undergo an open surgery.
  3. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: As the name suggests, the surgery involves excision of a large part of a stomach. The excision leaves behind a small sleeve-like pouch, the arrangement ensuring that a person consumes a lesser amount of food.
  4. Biliopancreatic Diversion: The surgery is risky and is advised only when an individual has a BMI of more than 50. In Biliopancreatic Diversion, the surgeon excises a part of the stomach, while connecting the remaining half to the lower part of the small intestine or jejunum. As a result, a person consumes lesser calories than before. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2127 people found this helpful

Laparoscopy for Infertility!

Masters of Surgery Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Pune
Laparoscopy for Infertility!

Laparoscopy is a procedure that helps a doctor to view the abdomen of a woman. The pelvis of a female consists of the uterus, ovaries and the fallopian tube right at the bottom of the abdomen. The process of laparoscopy allows a doctor to witness any abnormalities that might be interfering the ability of a woman to conceive. Some of the common problems that women encounter in this regard include ovarian cysts, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, pelvic adhesions, pelvic adhesions etc.

Advantages of Laparoscopy:
Laparoscopy allows correct diagnosis of infertility problems that are often missed by the conventional method of diagnosis. For instance, a woman suffering from severe endometriosis can be rightly diagnosed by employing ultrasound. However, if a woman suffers from mild endometriosis, ultrasound cannot pick it up. Laparoscopy, in this case, can do the trick. Another instance where laparoscopy comes handy is during the diagnosis of pelvic adhesions or scar tissue. Adhesion is a disorder that restricts the fallopian tube to hold the egg during ovulation. Conventional methods such as x-rays, ultrasound, and CT scan fail to rightly diagnose the problem in this case.

Another important advantage of laparoscopy is the fact that, it is a less invasive technique as compared to conventional surgery. Traditional surgery requires making an incision that is several centimeters long. This necessarily means that a patient requires at least 2-3 days in the hospital to heal. In laparoscopy, on the other hand, make several small incisions that heal quickly.


Who has to go undergo laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy surgery is suggested for those women, who have gone through the basic assessment for infertility. Some of the infertility tests that should be undergone before approaching for a laparoscopy include ultrasound, ovulation, ovarian reserve, hysterosalpingogram etc. For men, a basic semen analysis should be done to test fertility. There are instances, where a doctor recommends laparoscopy, if the woman has a history of severe pelvic infection or ruptured appendix.

Things to expect after surgery:
Typically, the incisions are covered with bandages that are removed after twenty-four hours. Medications for nausea and pain are prescribed, to deal with them after the surgery. The recovery time depends on the length and type of the procedure, the present health of the patient, the number of incisions made, complication level of the surgery etc. Usually, there are no restrictions on food and drink after the procedure is performed. Since anesthesia is given for undergoing the surgery, it is recommended that a person takes rest for at least twenty-four hours before resuming normal activities. The woman cannot return to normal life and work after a few days, from the day of the surgery. But it is recommended to take rest for two weeks.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2473 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello, I'm getting problem in having pregnancy. I had two miscarriages of two months each thn aftr I had hyproscopy & laparoscopy operations too, laparoscopy operation had 5 months ago but still problem persists, laparoscopy report were normal no issues in fallopian tube nor any blockages. My husband's tests reports are also normal no issues in that as we had tests time to time. Both blood group is AB+. We have completed 5 years of married life. Please suggest. Thanks.

MCh(Minimally Invasive & Robotic Surgery), MS - Surgical, MBBS
General Surgeon, Guwahati
See. If the reports are normal, then it is a matter of time only to click. Do not loose heart and try. 2nd week of menstrual cycle is crucial for conception. So try daily throughout the 2nd week if possible. It is better to avoid long travel,
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from Fistula in ano. I went for a laparoscopy surgery for fistula in oct" 2017 but it was unsuccessful. Presently I do not know what should I do. Please help me.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Lybrate user, Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly. This requires revision surgery. I have clinical experience of more than 18 years in these types of cases, can assist further in details very authentically if you want. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards take care.

I take 4 time clomiphene and 2 times hormonal injection Lupi FSH but not conceive. My Dr. tell me for laparoscopy. What to do. I go for laparoscopy or any other treatment.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* In our clinic, we recommend a minimum trial of 6 - 9 months of conservative treatment to conceive, before going for laparoscopy. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards take care.
1 person found this helpful

I had laparoscopy on 13th Nov. I had three stitches which were removed after 10 days. Today I observe my naval and saw a black thread coming from there. Kya mere stitches dang se remove Nahi Kiye gye? What should I do now? Will this thread affect my chance of conceiving?

Fellowship in Laparoscopy, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Chennai
Usually absorbable sutures are not needed to be removed as it automatically falls. Sometimes there can be delayed fall of the sutures. It would be better to see the doctor.

In 2 years back I got pregnant in that process I know that there is a chocolate cyst in my right ovary after 3 months I lost my pregnancy and 1 year on wards we are trying for the 2nd pregnancy but I didn't get am so much worrying about my pregnancy please suggest me can go for laparoscopy for that cyst the cyst size is 86 à —66 mm in size. Suggest me best gynecologist for my problem in K PHB area.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
You should first go for laparoscopically cystectomy. Chocolate cyst is at times associated with adhesions between uterus ,tubes and ovaries. If adhesions present they can be removed (adhesolysis) during laparoscopy.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Laparoscopy Surgery: A Boon for Patients
Good Afternoon

I am Dr. Chetna. Today we are doing to talk about the benefits of Minimal Access Surgery. So Minimal Access Surgery is more commonly known as Keyhole Surgery or a Laparoscopic Surgery. Now this is a revolution in the medical science which is now we are practicing for the last fifteen twenty years and it has given excellent result. A lot of people still in theato cities or otherwise metro cities also still have fear about laparoscopic surgeries. When they come to OBT, they start talking that you know the surgery remains and complications and stuff. Now here I would like to bust this myth and explain to you that why a Minimal Access Surgery is far superior to an open conventional surgery. Now a Minimal Access Surgery or a Laparoscopic Surgery is done through making punctures in abdomen void. Now this can be used for a various Diseases like to remove the uterus, to remove the ovarian cyst, to correct the polycystic, to remove endometriosis, to correct ectopic pregnancy and other further related surgeries. So we can remove large fibroids ad large as seven months pregnancy sized to large ovarian cysts. Yes, there are certain pre-requisites which we need to see before we decide whether this patient is fit for Laparoscopic Surgery or not. Majority of the women who are otherwise fit that means they have a normal exercise and urines and stuff are able to withstand Minimal Access Surgeries. So I was coming to advantages. Advantages no. 1, there are no major cuts on the tummy so there are some punctures. They may vary in numbers between two to four or sometimes even five and the size of these punctures would be largest to be about ten or twelve centimeters so you can believe these are very small punctures. The second advantage is that the surgeon is operating under the magnification of 6X or more. So that gives a lot of access to the pelvis so we can see it very properly. If required we can rotate the camera and go in the upper abdomen and see that as well. So there is a lot of benefits when it comes to the visual appearance of the organs and the operation skill. Then the instrument that we use in the Laparoscopy are very fine. To explain, my scissor blade is no longer than the nib of the pen that we use, not the ink pen we are talking, the regular gel pen. So that is the size of the blade that we use so that gives a very fine precision. Then the blood loss is quite less since the abdomen is not open to the air outside so the recovery is quite fast. That means the less number of hospital stay, less chances of blood transfusion or almost no chances of blood transfusion. You can go home fast. You can . I have had patients who did the surgery, second day we went to work, fifth day you see them coming from the office to remove their stitches. So this is brilliance you can t expect.so very next day the patient sits and starts eating and starts eating and talking, everything feels normal. So this is a blessing, it is a boon and since majority of the surgeries can be done by Laparoscopy. I would say before going in for an open surgery. They should be considered for laparoscopy. Yes, there are certain candidates are not fit for laparoscopy and these can have an open surgery but majority of who had fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, polycystic ovaries, pelvic infections, ovarian mass, some of the cancer patients also, uterus removal for heavy bleeding. So all these things can be done through a laparoscopy. So I believe this is a blessing by the modern science and we should all avail of this benefit.

So if any questions we can always meet me up at Medicals Medi-clinic Sector-14 and also part of Apollo cradle hospital. So you are welcome.
Play video
Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy
Difference Between Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy Surgery
Play video
Know More About Laparoscopy
Briefing on Laparoscopy
Play video
Infertility Treatment
Treatment of Infertility by Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy

I am Dr. Vishakha Munjal. I am a laparoscopy surgeon and infertility specialist. Today, I am going to talk about the role of laparoscopy and hysteroscopy in treating infertility.

Today, infertility has almost become an epidemic. This is because of multiple reasons like late marriages, late planning of pregnancy, various diseases like tuberculosis and pelvic infections which affect the fallopian tubes and cause their blockages. Then there is a certain disease like Endometriosis and fibroids which are at times the reason for infertility. These days lifestyle changes and an increase in stress level is also one of the reasons for ovulatory dysfunction and decreased sperm count. Couples facing infertility should consult an experienced gynecologist to understand the reason for infertility and how best it can be solved. Laparoscopic and Hysteroscopic surgeries can greatly help in diagnosing as well as many factors of infertility, thus, helping a woman to conceive naturally. Also, certain conditions like fibroids, endometriosis, and tubal factors need to be treated prior to IVF to increase the success rate of IVF else the woman will undergo multiple cycles of IVF and will get no results. So, it is very important to treat disease prior undergoing IVF.

The major Fertility Enhancing Surgery is Fibroid Removal, which is also called Myomectomy. Almost, any size of the fibroid can be taken care of laparoscopically. Compared to an open surgery, Laparoscopic Myomectomy has lesser blood loss and leads to lesser addition formation. It is also less painful for the patients. Patients can return back to work more quickly and they can plan for pregnancy also more quickly. Then, there is Endometriosis which is a chronic painful condition which causes severe pain during periods and during sex along with fertility. It is one of the major reasons for infertility in today s age. It is also associated with cyst formation at times which is called the chocolate cyst. Laparoscopy is a gold standard for treating Endometriosis. After Endometriosis, a woman gets not only relieve her pain but also she is able to conceive quickly. Then there are variances which are a hindrance for conception. Any size of the ovarian cyst can be treated laparoscopically.

First of all, get a histopathological diagnosis to rule out any malignancy in the cist as well as we remove the hindrance which is coming in the way of conception. Then, talking about tubal factors, tubal blockage at any level can be treated laparoscopically and if the blockage is at the starting of the fallopian tube then there are very fine cannulas available along with guide wires available which we used to cannulate the fallopian tubes and this can be done very effectively and it increases the chances of conception naturally. Now, let me talk about hysteroscopy. Well, hysteroscopy is a small telescope which is passed into the uterine cavity to see the cavity from inside for any pathology and to see the opening of the fallopian tube. Certain factors like presence of a fibroid, a polyp, a polyp is a sort of growth inside the uterine cavity, a septum which is like a wall causing a partition inside the uterine cavity. They all can be removed hysteroscopic ally, once this thing is removed hysteroscopic ally, the chances of the conception of a woman in creases greatly. All in all laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are a boon for infertility management. Laparoscopy is technically as much superior procedure than an open surgery. Since it is done through small punctures it is cosmetically very appealing, it causes less pain, less blood loss, less hospital stay, early recovery and early return to work for a patient.

If you wish to contact me for any laparoscopic enhancing surgery or infertility related problems, you can contact me at MediClinic, E16 Lajpat Nagar 3. Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice