A laparascopy is a type of surgery that is carried out to treat a number of diseases such as kidney, gall bladder or liver stones, endometriosis or other diseases of the pelvic region, and hiatal hernia among others. It is also performed as a biopsy and also to check if cancer or tumors have spread. Hence, it's not just a treatment method but also a process of diagnosis of certain diseases. In fact, this procedure can also be carried out to figure out the underlying problem that makes it difficult for a woman to conceive. However, in this case it is generally referred after other fertility tests have been carried out and failed to show what the problem is.
A laparascopy is considered to be advantageous for patients since it involves the making of a very tiny incision in the the body, which means reduced chances of infections. Besides, a laparoscopy also leads to faster recovery periods in patients. Morover, this type of surgery is also cost-effective. However, before patients go for this surgery, they have to prepare themselves to ensure it is successful and free of complications. Preparations include telling the doctor about any allergies and on-going medications as well as following guidelines laid down by the doctor concerning eating and drinking before the surgery. That said, just before the surgery, the patient will be asked to remove all ornamentations from his or her body including contact lenses, spectacles and dentures and not just jewelry. This surgery is very effective so patients need not very about negative outcomes.
Once the patient is fully ready, the surgery is carried out by a qualified surgeon. Before the surgeon starts, the patient is given general anesthesia. After that, the surgeon may make some preparations such as cleaning the area of surgery and removing body hair that can get in the way. Once all the preparations have been made, the surgeon will make a small incision in the belly of the patient. In certain cases more than one such incision may be made to insert more tools that are needed for the surgery. Next, a tiny needle is inserted through the incision and carbon dioxide is pumped in to inflate the belly and make it ready for operation. After that, a very thin and lighted tube, known as a laparascope is inserted into the patient's body through the incision made previously. Now this tube can either be used to take tissue samples, drain liquid-filled cysts or fix the damage caused to a particular organ. In certain cases, the laparscope may have laser attached to help with the entire procedure. Once the purpose of the surgery has been served, the laparascope will be pulled out from the patient's body and the belly will be deflated back to its original state. The incision(s) made is then sutured up and covered with the help of a gauze or bandage. The entire surgery can take about half an hour to one and a half hour depending on why the laparascopy is being carried out. The patient is wheeled into the recovery room once the surgery is over where he is supposed to say for at least the next couple of hours. The patient is generally discharged on the very same day or the next day at the most.
Patients who suffer from health problems such as stones in the kidney or gallbladder, hiatal hernia, abnormal tissue growths such as tumors in the abdomen or pelvis, damage to internal organs etc. are eligible for this surgery. Since a laparascopy is also carried out for diagnostic purposes cancer patients and those suffering from fertility problems are also eligible.
Pregnant women are not eligible for this surgery. Patients on blood thinners may not be eligible too unless they discontinue the medication for a certain period of time before the surgery. Moreover, this surgery is not performed on patients who have adbominal hernia, abdominal cancer and have gone through other abdominal surgeries previously.
Side effects can take place after a laparascopy though they are not very common. These include torn stitches, pain at the site of incision, infection, bleeding from the incision, organ damage and or blood vessel damage.
Post-treatment patients are asked not to carry out strenuous activities such as exercising and/or lifting heavy weights. They may also be asked not to drive for a week. Patients will also not be allowed to have fizzy drinks at least one to two days after the surgery. Moreover, they will have to keep the area of incision clean and away from germs in order to prevent infections. With that being said, patients can return to leading their daily lives from the next day and to work a week after the surgery.
It does not take very long to recover from a laparscopy. Generally, patients are back on their feet just one week after the surgery.
A laparoscopic surgery in India can border towards the expensive side. Price of this type of surgery start from Rs. 50,000 and go up to Rs. 4,00,000. This broad range of prices of is dependent on the cause of the surgery as well as the type of the surgery.
As far as the results of a laparascopy are concerned, they are more or less permanent, and the patient generally, does not experience the cause of the surgery again. However, in certain cases, complications can arise for which further medical intervention may be required.
There are no alternatives to a laparascopic surgery if it is being carried out as a treatment process. As a diagnostic procedure, alternatives might exist in the form of other tests. One should consult with their doctor to know about alternative tests that suit their particular condition.
Rs 50,000 to Rs 4,00,000
In order to maintain a healthy digestive system, your small intestine plays a major role. This is also called as the small bowel. The major function of the small intestine is that it absorbs fluids and nutrients from the food that you take in and discharges waste material to the large intestine. When there is a problem with the small intestine’s functioning, then your health is at total risk. It will not be able to absorb the essential elements from the food and will not send waste to the large intestine. You will need immediate intestine surgery for this. The doctor may even remove the damaged part of the small intestine if there is a blockage or any other infection inside. This surgery is also called as Small bowel resection.
Why do you need an Intestine Surgery?
There are many conditions that can cause some damage to the small intestine. Mostly, the damaged part of the small intestine is removed, but in rare cases, a small part of the same intestine is also removed to do some tests. When you have a severe ulcer, infection or bleeding in the small intestine, intestine cancer, any injuries to the small bowel or blockage in the small intestine then these can be some of the conditions which need an Intestine surgery.
Intestine Surgery procedure:
Usually, Intestine Surgery is performed in two different ways:
Open Surgery: Initially, you will be given anesthesia so that you will not feel the pain. Usually, depending on the severity of the problem, the surgery may take from one hour to eight hours also.
To finish the surgery, usually the two ends of the left out intestine are stapled or sewed together to make it into one. But in some cases, this may not be possible and hence they will make a new opening and that is called as Stoma. The intestine will discharge through the Stoma into a drainage bag. This entire process is called as an ileostomy.
You will have to stay on a liquid diet for at least seven-days post-surgery. If it was an emergency or a major part of the intestine gets removed, then you will need to stay in the hospital for two weeks.
When a tissue or an organ gets displaced abnormally through the wall of the cavity in which it usually resides, then this condition is termed as a hernia. A hernia including stomach or intestine has become a common occurrence.
Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. The actual cause of Hernia is not known however, some people are either born with an unusually large hiatus or it might occur when too much pressure is exerted on the muscles around your stomach. Obesity, aging, and smoking are the other contributing factors.
A Hiatal Hernia is a condition in which a part of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm (muscular wall separating the chest cavity and the abdomen) into the chest. There are two types of Hiatal Hernia – Paraesophageal Hernia and Sliding Hernia. Sliding Hernia occurs when your stomach and esophagus slide in and out of your chest through the hiatus. Paraesophageal Hernia is the one where a part of the stomach passes or bulges into the chest beside the esophagus. Particularly if a Paraesophageal Hernia is large, it might slow down the food passage and cause the food to stick in the esophagus once it is swallowed. Fortunately, these types of cases are uncommon.
The treatment of every hernia depends on its size and symptoms. A surgery is recommended for the below-listed cases:
The common surgical procedure used for repair of a hiatal hernia is a Laparoscopic method. A laparoscope is a telescope-like instrument connected to a video camera, that is inserted into the abdominal cavity and the surgical video is visualized on high-resolution video monitors in the operating room. Long thin surgical instruments are inserted in the other incision and the surgeon performs the surgery by watching the monitor. This method causes less pain and speedy recovery compared to the conventional techniques. This is proved as a minimally invasive procedure where both pain and healing time is greatly reduced. Since incisions are very small during the surgery you experience less discomfort resulting in the use of lesser painkiller, which is one of the primary advantages of this procedure.
Another significant benefit of a laparoscopic procedure is that there is less risk of post-op infection owing to lesser exposure of the internal organs to any external contaminants. Since healing is so much faster the length of hospital stay required is also significantly shorter with laparoscopic surgery. This implies that you can return to your normal routine quicker as you will get discharged from the hospital on the same-day or the next-day of the surgery.
Laparoscopy is a diagnostic procedure used to view inside of abdominal organs.
How to deal with it?
Before pre-operative appointment
On the day of laparoscopy:
After The Surgery
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Obesity is a serious lifestyle disorder that can trigger a myriad of health complications. You may often come across people who fail to lose an inch even after toiling hard. The situation may be further complicated and life-threatening if a person is suffering from diabetes, hypertension, arthritis or a heart problem. Bariatric Surgery comes as a much-needed relief for people who desperately need to lose weight to prevent health problems. People between 18-65 years of age can go for a Bariatric weight loss surgery. The surgery is also helpful for people with morbid obesity (a condition where the BMI is over 40) with associated complications.
Common types of Bariatric surgeries
Laparoscopy is a procedure that helps a doctor to view the abdomen of a woman. The pelvis of a female consists of the uterus, ovaries and the fallopian tube right at the bottom of the abdomen. The process of laparoscopy allows a doctor to witness any abnormalities that might be interfering the ability of a woman to conceive. Some of the common problems that women encounter in this regard include ovarian cysts, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, pelvic adhesions, pelvic adhesions etc.
Advantages of Laparoscopy:
Laparoscopy allows correct diagnosis of infertility problems that are often missed by the conventional method of diagnosis. For instance, a woman suffering from severe endometriosis can be rightly diagnosed by employing ultrasound. However, if a woman suffers from mild endometriosis, ultrasound cannot pick it up. Laparoscopy, in this case, can do the trick. Another instance where laparoscopy comes handy is during the diagnosis of pelvic adhesions or scar tissue. Adhesion is a disorder that restricts the fallopian tube to hold the egg during ovulation. Conventional methods such as x-rays, ultrasound, and CT scan fail to rightly diagnose the problem in this case.
Another important advantage of laparoscopy is the fact that, it is a less invasive technique as compared to conventional surgery. Traditional surgery requires making an incision that is several centimeters long. This necessarily means that a patient requires at least 2-3 days in the hospital to heal. In laparoscopy, on the other hand, make several small incisions that heal quickly.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!