Laparoscopy is a surgical process used for examining the organs within the abdomen. It is a low-risk and minimally invasive process where only small incisions are made below the naval areas of the women who cannot conceive. In this process, a small instrument called laparoscope is used with high-intensity light and camera at the front. Many doctors recommend the process for having a view inside the abdomen in real time without having open surgery.
Your doctor can also take biopsy samples at the time of the process. The camera transmits the image of the organs present in the uterus onto the television monitor. The video camera becomes the eye of the surgeon in the process of laparoscopic surgery, and thus it helps the surgeon to determine whether there are any abnormalities with the patient. The surgery is often chosen over traditional treatment methods since it involves minimum post-operative discomfort, fast recovery, less duration of hospital stay, early return to daily chores and considerably smaller scars.
Laparoscopy is indicated in the treatment of certain health problems related to gynecology, gastroenterology, urology as well as other specialties. Important symptoms related to such health complications needing surgical treatment may include the following:
Summary: Laparoscopy is an advanced surgical procedure that may be needed during the treatment of certain health conditions. These are associated with symptoms such as severe pain or inflammation in the pelvic or abdominal region, pain due to ovarian cysts, etc.
Laparoscopy is a less-invasive surgical procedure performed under the supervision of a surgeon. It is done with the effect of general anesthesia and the patient undergoing it remains unconscious throughout the procedure. Important steps involved in it include:
A laparoscope is inserted passing through the tube which relays images to the monitor or screen. Then, other incisions are made in the abdomen for insertion of the small surgical instruments. These instruments are guided through the laparoscope to be used for the treatment at the right place.
Summary: Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to perform the surgery with a better view inside the abdomen or pelvis. It takes less time and gives better results as compared to other procedures.
Laparoscopy can be described as a method of performing the surgery where tiny incisions are made in place of large cuts. There are two types of laparoscopic surgery- advanced surgery with a hand-held device and robot-assisted surgery. The human hand performs different functions during the surgery which are hard to reproduce with the aid of laparoscopic instruments. It is not possible for the hand to access microscopic regions within the stomach. This has led to the development of hand-access tools which can easily reach the liver, pancreas, and bile duct.
Your doctor may recommend you to undergo surgery for reconstruction of the bile duct, altering the way of the bile duct which has been blocked by a tumour, reconstruction of the gastrointestinal tract and suturing the jejunum to the pancreatic duct. It is often helpful if you are suffering from distal pancreatectomy, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and adrenalectomy. The laparoscopic surgery helps in the evaluation of the gallbladder, pancreas, liver, appendix, stomach, spleen, small and large intestine along with the organs of reproduction. It helps the doctor to find if there are any abdominal mass or tumour or unwanted fluid in the abdominal cavity and liver diseases.
Laparoscopy is performed when these tests don't give enough data or understanding to a determination. The technique may likewise be utilized to take a biopsy, or test of tissue, from a specific organ in the abdomen. It is regularly used to identify and analyze the source of pelvic or stomach pain. It's normally performed when noninvasive techniques can't help with It.
The eligibility of an individual for the treatment with Laparoscopy mainly depends upon the health condition the individual is suffering from. This surgical procedure is mainly indicated during systemic or physiological health conditions related to gynecology, gastroenterology, urology, and others.
Hence, any person suffering from these health complications is eligible for treatment with Laparoscopy.
Summary: Laparoscopy is indicated in the treatment of certain health complications related to gynecology, gastroenterology, urology, etc. Any person suffering from such problems is eligible for treatment.
There are no restrictions as such regarding who cannot undergo the laparoscopic surgery. But similar to all other surgical procedures, individuals with very high blood sugar and blood pressure may not be able to undergo the treatment. High cholesterol levels and smoking are also red flags for laparoscopic treatment.
The most common side effects of laparoscopic surgery include infection and bleeding. Thus, it is crucial to watch for the signs of infection and report any abnormalities to the doctor. If your stomach pain becomes intense with the passage of time accompanied by fever and chills, then it must be reported to the doctor without any delay. Plus, you may also experience swelling, redness, bleeding at the site of the incision. Other side effects include lightheadedness, coughing persistently, difficulty in urinating, and a constant feeling of nausea. You must not ignore them and report to the doctor. Although very rare, some people experience complications arising from the general anaesthesia, inflammation of the abdominal wall and a blood clot which may also travel to your pelvis and lungs.
Laparoscopy has some most commonly known risks such as bleeding, contamination, and harm to organs in your stomach area. In any case, these are uncommon occurrences. There is a little risk of harm to the organs being analyzed during laparoscopy. Different types of liquids and specifically blood liquids may peep out into your body if any organ is punctured during the procedure. For this situation, you'll need other medical procedures to fix the harm.
After the laparoscopic, it is mandatory to look for any signs of disease. Contact your specialist if you experience:
Although Laparoscopy is a safe procedure, there may be risks of some possible complications. Though rare, such complications may include bleeding, infections, injuries to other organs or blood vessels, anesthesia-related problems, inflammation of the walls of the abdomen, and formation of blood clots that may travel to the heart, lungs, brain, legs, or pelvis via the bloodstream.
These conditions are a serious concern and should be managed accordingly by the treating doctor.
Summary: Laparoscopy is a safe and accurate procedure, but in certain instances, there may be risks related to complications. Such conditions are a serious concern and must be tackled under the supervision of a surgeon.
Pre-operative instructions are important and they involve guidelines explaining what to eat or not prior to the surgery. Important measures to be followed are:
Summary: There are certain pre-operative instructions to be followed before Laparoscopy and these provide details about the things one should eat or drink before the procedure. These are important and should be followed properly.
A healthy diet is important to facilitate faster and easier recovery. But it is important to take care of what to eat and what to avoid during the postoperative phase. Important foods advised being taken after surgery include:
Summary: Maintaining a healthy diet post-surgery is important. Hence, it is necessary to follow the diet instructions after laparoscopy which mainly includes having a liquid diet and fiber-rich foods.
There are some preventive measures one must consider regarding physical activities and exercises after Laparoscopy. Exercises should be avoided in the initial few weeks, followed by a gradual start. Sit-ups, lifting heavy objects, push-ups, etc. should not be done. Some of the preferred exercises may include:
Summary: Physical activities and exercises are prohibited in the initial few weeks after Laparoscopy. But after a few weeks, one can perform mild forms of exercises such as walking, stretching, yoga, etc.
Some kind of pain or discomfort might be associated with Laparoscopy as in other surgical procedures. Abdominal inflammation along with pain is the most common of the post-operative symptoms.
It is preferred to take medicines to relieve such pain or inflammation. The medicines preferred during such conditions include Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Acetaminophen.
Summary: The medicines in the case of Laparoscopy mainly involve pain-relieving medicines. Such medicines mainly include NSAIDs like Acetaminophen which relieves inflammation along with pain.
Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure performed to study or treat specific health conditions related to gynecology, gastroenterology, urology, and others. The result of the treatment through Laparoscopy is permanent as it involves surgery with a clear field view of the organs, thus accuracy and success are more.
Summary: The results of the treatment with Laparoscopy are permanent in almost all cases as this surgical procedure is more accurate being less invasive as compared to other surgical procedures.
There is only one alternative to laparoscopic surgery which is HSG although many gynaecologists believe that it is a complementary process rather than an alternative. The other process is laparotomy which is a major surgery where the abdomen is cut open, and the patient is required to stay at the hospital for about 4 to 6 days.
Relative Risk: Medium
Side Effects: Medium
Recovery Time: Medium
Price Range: RS. 20,000 and above