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Laparoscopy: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A laparascopy is a type of surgery that is carried out to treat a number of diseases such as kidney, gall bladder or liver stones, endometriosis or other diseases of the pelvic region, and hiatal hernia among others. It is also performed as a biopsy and also to check if cancer or tumors have spread. Hence, it's not just a treatment method but also a process of diagnosis of certain diseases. In fact, this procedure can also be carried out to figure out the underlying problem that makes it difficult for a woman to conceive. However, in this case it is generally referred after other fertility tests have been carried out and failed to show what the problem is.

A laparascopy is considered to be advantageous for patients since it involves the making of a very tiny incision in the the body, which means reduced chances of infections. Besides, a laparoscopy also leads to faster recovery periods in patients. Morover, this type of surgery is also cost-effective. However, before patients go for this surgery, they have to prepare themselves to ensure it is successful and free of complications. Preparations include telling the doctor about any allergies and on-going medications as well as following guidelines laid down by the doctor concerning eating and drinking before the surgery. That said, just before the surgery, the patient will be asked to remove all ornamentations from his or her body including contact lenses, spectacles and dentures and not just jewelry. This surgery is very effective so patients need not very about negative outcomes.

How is the treatment done?

Once the patient is fully ready, the surgery is carried out by a qualified surgeon. Before the surgeon starts, the patient is given general anesthesia. After that, the surgeon may make some preparations such as cleaning the area of surgery and removing body hair that can get in the way. Once all the preparations have been made, the surgeon will make a small incision in the belly of the patient. In certain cases more than one such incision may be made to insert more tools that are needed for the surgery. Next, a tiny needle is inserted through the incision and carbon dioxide is pumped in to inflate the belly and make it ready for operation. After that, a very thin and lighted tube, known as a laparascope is inserted into the patient's body through the incision made previously. Now this tube can either be used to take tissue samples, drain liquid-filled cysts or fix the damage caused to a particular organ. In certain cases, the laparscope may have laser attached to help with the entire procedure. Once the purpose of the surgery has been served, the laparascope will be pulled out from the patient's body and the belly will be deflated back to its original state. The incision(s) made is then sutured up and covered with the help of a gauze or bandage. The entire surgery can take about half an hour to one and a half hour depending on why the laparascopy is being carried out. The patient is wheeled into the recovery room once the surgery is over where he is supposed to say for at least the next couple of hours. The patient is generally discharged on the very same day or the next day at the most.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Patients who suffer from health problems such as stones in the kidney or gallbladder, hiatal hernia, abnormal tissue growths such as tumors in the abdomen or pelvis, damage to internal organs etc. are eligible for this surgery. Since a laparascopy is also carried out for diagnostic purposes cancer patients and those suffering from fertility problems are also eligible.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Pregnant women are not eligible for this surgery. Patients on blood thinners may not be eligible too unless they discontinue the medication for a certain period of time before the surgery. Moreover, this surgery is not performed on patients who have adbominal hernia, abdominal cancer and have gone through other abdominal surgeries previously.

Are there any side effects?

Side effects can take place after a laparascopy though they are not very common. These include torn stitches, pain at the site of incision, infection, bleeding from the incision, organ damage and or blood vessel damage.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post-treatment patients are asked not to carry out strenuous activities such as exercising and/or lifting heavy weights. They may also be asked not to drive for a week. Patients will also not be allowed to have fizzy drinks at least one to two days after the surgery. Moreover, they will have to keep the area of incision clean and away from germs in order to prevent infections. With that being said, patients can return to leading their daily lives from the next day and to work a week after the surgery.

How long does it take to recover?

It does not take very long to recover from a laparscopy. Generally, patients are back on their feet just one week after the surgery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

A laparoscopic surgery in India can border towards the expensive side. Price of this type of surgery start from Rs. 50,000 and go up to Rs. 4,00,000. This broad range of prices of is dependent on the cause of the surgery as well as the type of the surgery.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

As far as the results of a laparascopy are concerned, they are more or less permanent, and the patient generally, does not experience the cause of the surgery again. However, in certain cases, complications can arise for which further medical intervention may be required.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to a laparascopic surgery if it is being carried out as a treatment process. As a diagnostic procedure, alternatives might exist in the form of other tests. One should consult with their doctor to know about alternative tests that suit their particular condition.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs 50,000 to Rs 4,00,000

Popular Health Tips

Tips To Deal With Abdominal Laproscopy!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Pune
Tips To Deal With Abdominal Laproscopy!

Laparoscopy is a diagnostic procedure used to view inside of abdominal organs.

How to deal with it?

Before laparoscopy

  • You have to be mentally prepared. You have to stop taking all the supplements, aspirin as it will act as a blood thinner which can give risk to haemorrhage.
  • Take any relative/ friend to accompany you on the day of surgery and 24 hours after surgery. This person must be known one with whom you are comfortable who can take care of you, regarding medicines or to take you to the washroom, dressing.
  • Prepare your food prior and keep before surgery.
  • Do not wear silk as it will irritate the wound.
  • Always keep your location clean with clean sheets, pillow, and analgesics.

Before pre-operative appointment

  • You can ask your doctor what questions you have in your mind.
  • Ask your doctor regarding details of analgesic prescription and fill up form before the procedure is done.
  • Ask whether enema is required or whether shaving is required on a part where surgery is to be done.
  • Ask your doctor if you can receive video-tape of the procedure so that patient can view the whole laparoscopic procedure.

On the day of laparoscopy:

  1. Wear loose clothing.
  2. Avoid wearing makeup, body lotions, and deodorant.
  3. Remove watch, earrings, and bracelet.
  4. When you reach the hospital, relax.
  5. Don’t go into anxiety.

After The Surgery

  1. When you go home after surgery sleep and lie down for 24 hours, since your abdominal muscles will be tensed for few days.
  2. Splinting your belly is necessary. This can be done by hugging your pillow at the abdomen or put an abdominal binder around abdomen. Do not sit upright until and unless wound heals as it is a fresh cut. Likewise, avoid wearing tight clothes which put pressure on the abdomen. You will have to hold a pillow while sneezing or coughing as the abdomen is very tender.
  3. There will be shoulder pain for some days. Try keeping heat pad to relieve pain.
  4. Eat light slowly starting with liquids than solids.
  5. Drink 2 litres of water and fibre-rich diet to avoid constipation as anaesthesia and analgesics can cause constipation after surgery.
  6. To get out of bed, first turn sideways take your feet out sit up using arm and then stand.
  7. Avoid getting into the sexual relationship for certain period until bleeding stops after laparoscopy.
  8. Avoid taking bath for a week after surgery.
  9. Apply vitamin E to the scar after surgery as it promotes faster healing.
  10. Keep moving after 2 hours as it will reduce gas pain.It takes a week to recover, but if any signs, like fever or a discharge is seen, immediately contact your doctor.
  11. Strictly avoid wearing nylon clothes after surgery as it will cause a lot of irritation to the patient.
  12. Trust yourself and take much of rest for faster healing.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2745 people found this helpful

Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery - How Laparoscopy Can Help In It?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS - General Surgery , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
General Surgeon, Delhi
Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery - How Laparoscopy Can Help In It?

Obesity is a serious lifestyle disorder that can trigger a myriad of health complications. You may often come across people who fail to lose an inch even after toiling hard. The situation may be further complicated and life-threatening if a person is suffering from diabetes, hypertension, arthritis or a heart problem. Bariatric Surgery comes as a much-needed relief for people who desperately need to lose weight to prevent health problems. People between 18-65 years of age can go for a Bariatric weight loss surgery. The surgery is also helpful for people with morbid obesity (a condition where the BMI is over 40) with associated complications.

Common types of Bariatric surgeries

  1. The Laparoscopic Gastric Banding: The gastric banding surgery is a surgical weight loss procedure that divides the stomach into two compartments so that a person consumes lesser amount of food.
    • The surgery requires the surgeon to make 3-4 small cuts in the belly.
    • An adjustable silicone band is placed into the stomach (through the small incisions) to divide the stomach into two compartments (a smaller upper half and a bigger lower part).
    • Due to the banding, the stomach can hold not more than an ounce of food, thus limiting the amount of food a person can eat.
    • There is an opening in the band which serves as a passage through which the food eaten is passed to the rest of the stomach.
    • There is a plastic tube that connects the band to an injection port (situated under the skin). It is through this port that saline is either added or removed from the silicone band (to adjust the tightness of the band).
  2. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery (RGB): The bypass surgery also involves compartmentalizing the stomach into an upper half (small pouch, almost the size of a walnut) and a bigger lower part. Like the gastric banding, the rearrangement reduces the amount of food the stomach can hold to a great extent. In the next step, also termed as the bypass step, the surgeon makes a small hole in the pouch to connect it to the small intestine or the jejunum. As a result of the bypass, the food will now directly enter the small intestine from the pouch. While the bypass surgery can be done using laparoscopy, a person can also undergo an open surgery.
  3. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: As the name suggests, the surgery involves excision of a large part of a stomach. The excision leaves behind a small sleeve-like pouch, the arrangement ensuring that a person consumes a lesser amount of food.
  4. Biliopancreatic Diversion: The surgery is risky and is advised only when an individual has a BMI of more than 50. In Biliopancreatic Diversion, the surgeon excises a part of the stomach, while connecting the remaining half to the lower part of the small intestine or jejunum. As a result, a person consumes lesser calories than before. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2127 people found this helpful

Laparoscopy for Infertility!

Masters of Surgery Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Pune
Laparoscopy for Infertility!

Laparoscopy is a procedure that helps a doctor to view the abdomen of a woman. The pelvis of a female consists of the uterus, ovaries and the fallopian tube right at the bottom of the abdomen. The process of laparoscopy allows a doctor to witness any abnormalities that might be interfering the ability of a woman to conceive. Some of the common problems that women encounter in this regard include ovarian cysts, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, pelvic adhesions, pelvic adhesions etc.

Advantages of Laparoscopy:
Laparoscopy allows correct diagnosis of infertility problems that are often missed by the conventional method of diagnosis. For instance, a woman suffering from severe endometriosis can be rightly diagnosed by employing ultrasound. However, if a woman suffers from mild endometriosis, ultrasound cannot pick it up. Laparoscopy, in this case, can do the trick. Another instance where laparoscopy comes handy is during the diagnosis of pelvic adhesions or scar tissue. Adhesion is a disorder that restricts the fallopian tube to hold the egg during ovulation. Conventional methods such as x-rays, ultrasound, and CT scan fail to rightly diagnose the problem in this case.

Another important advantage of laparoscopy is the fact that, it is a less invasive technique as compared to conventional surgery. Traditional surgery requires making an incision that is several centimeters long. This necessarily means that a patient requires at least 2-3 days in the hospital to heal. In laparoscopy, on the other hand, make several small incisions that heal quickly.

Who has to go undergo laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy surgery is suggested for those women, who have gone through the basic assessment for infertility. Some of the infertility tests that should be undergone before approaching for a laparoscopy include ultrasound, ovulation, ovarian reserve, hysterosalpingogram etc. For men, a basic semen analysis should be done to test fertility. There are instances, where a doctor recommends laparoscopy, if the woman has a history of severe pelvic infection or ruptured appendix.

Things to expect after surgery:
Typically, the incisions are covered with bandages that are removed after twenty-four hours. Medications for nausea and pain are prescribed, to deal with them after the surgery. The recovery time depends on the length and type of the procedure, the present health of the patient, the number of incisions made, complication level of the surgery etc. Usually, there are no restrictions on food and drink after the procedure is performed. Since anesthesia is given for undergoing the surgery, it is recommended that a person takes rest for at least twenty-four hours before resuming normal activities. The woman cannot return to normal life and work after a few days, from the day of the surgery. But it is recommended to take rest for two weeks.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2473 people found this helpful

Laparoscopy - How It Is Beneficial In Gallstone Surgery?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS - General Surgery , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
General Surgeon, Delhi
Laparoscopy - How It Is Beneficial In Gallstone Surgery?

Gallstones are a medical condition in which the formation of stones takes place in the bile duct or the gallbladder. One of the major factors responsible for the formation of gallstones is an elevated excretion of cholesterol by the liver, most of which remains undissolved by the bile. The undissolved cholesterol may crystallize resulting in the formation of gallstones (yellow cholesterol stones, a condition termed as Cholesterol Gallstones). In some cases, increased level of bilirubin in the bile (triggered by a liver problem, liver damage or other medical conditions), which doesn't undergo a breakdown, may lead to stone formation (known as Pigment Gallstones). Here, the stones appear black or dark brown in color.

Gallstones are common among women, especially those who are 40 years and more. Obesity, diabetes, liver disorders, unhealthy diet (rich in fats and cholesterol), certain medications (those containing estrogen) can also trigger the formation of gallstones. Gallstones left untreated and unattended can give rise to serious complications such as blockage of the pancreatic duct (resulting in Pancreatitis) or the bile duct. There may also be inflammation of the gallbladder. In extreme cases, a person may even suffer from something as serious as Gallbladder Cancer.

Laparoscopy to remove the gallstones

  • While a lot of treatments and medications are available to deal with gallstones, most people opt for Laparoscopy. What makes laparoscopic surgery superior to the other open surgeries is that it is minimally invasive with a better and quick recovery. Also termed as Cholecystectomy, the laparoscopic surgery for the removal of gallstones as well as the gallbladder involves the following steps.
  • General anesthesia is given to the patients before the surgery.
  • The surgeon makes 3-4 small incisions in the abdomen.
  • The surgeon then inflates the stomach to get a better view of the internal organs (including the organs affected). Carbon dioxide gas is passed into the stomach to inflate it.
  • In the next step, the surgeon carefully inserts a laparoscope (a narrow and long tube that comes with a high-density light and a front camera with a high-resolution) through one of the incisions (usually the one close to the belly button) to aid in the surgery.
  • Nex,t the surgeon inserts the surgical instruments needed to get the gallstones and the gallbladder removed.
  • Before the surgical removal of the gallstones and the gallbladder, an important X-ray of the bile duct called the Intraoperative Cholangiography (shows the bile duct anatomy) is done.
  • With the gallbladder and the stones removed, the laparoscope and the surgical instruments are then removed and the incisions stitched carefully.
  • The gallbladder is known to store the bile pigment. With the removal of the gallbladder, there is a small rearrangement. The bile pigments now move from the liver into the small intestine via the bile duct.
  • The patients may require spending 1-2 days in the hospital. The patient is expected to be in a better shape (less discomfort) within 2-3 weeks.
  • In case complications arise during the surgery, the surgeon may have to switch onto an open surgery. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Surgeon.
1993 people found this helpful

Know Everything About Tubal Scarring and Infertility

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Certified IVF Specialist
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Know Everything About Tubal Scarring and Infertility

The fallopian tubes are not mere passages for the egg to travel from the ovaries to the uterus. It is here that conception occurs and hence healthy fallopian tubes are essential for the fertilization of an egg. 

Damaged fallopian tubes are the most common cause of infertility. This damage can fall under three categories:

  1. Blocked fallopian tubes
  2. One blocked and one open fallopian tube
  3. Tubal scarring

The third is usually an effect of pelvic infections or natural healing after a pelvic surgery. Sadly, in most cases, this condition is discovered only after infertility has been diagnosed. Other causes of fallopian tubal scarring include:

Fallopian tubal scarring has no recognizable symptoms. Chronic pelvic pain is the only known symptom of this damage and that too can be seen only in severe cases of tubal scarring. On diagnosing infertility, your doctor will perform one of these tests to determine the condition of your fallopian tubes.

  1. Hysterosalpingogram: This is a type of X-ray. Your doctor will open the vagina with a speculum and inject a liquid into the uterus with the help of a catheter. If the liquid does not pass through the fallopian tubes, it is said to be blocked. This however does not say much about tubal scarring. 
  2. Laparoscopy: A small incision is made below the belly button and a slim, flexible tube with a camera is passed through the incision. This gives your doctor a clear view of the condition of your fallopian tubes. A laparoscopy can also be used to rule out other causes of infertility such as endometriosis or blocked fallopian tubes. 

Treatment for infertility caused by tubal scarring is of two types. 

  1. Surgery: This is suggested in cases where tubal scarring is minimal. Depending on the intensity and placement of scar tissue, your doctor may decide to perform one of many types of surgeries. She may choose to remove the scarred section of the fallopian tube, create a new opening (in case of blockages) or rebuild the damaged edges of the fallopian tubes.
  2. In Vitro Fertilization(IVF): Women with badly scarred fallopian tubes usually have poor chances of conceiving naturally. Hence, IVF is the preferred treatment route. However, your doctor may still advise you to undergo surgery and remove the damaged tubes prior to IVF to prevent the tubes from filling with fluid.

In large number of cases of tubal scarring tubes would be open on tubal testing. However, it may not be working well or is functional. A lot of women with so called unexplained infertility may actually have tubal scarring or non functional tubes as the cause of Infertility. IVF is the best treatment option in such cases as it would bypass the work of the tubes completely. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an IVF Specialist.

3406 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from Fistula in ano. I went for a laparoscopy surgery for fistula in oct" 2017 but it was unsuccessful. Presently I do not know what should I do. Please help me.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Lybrate user, Warm welcome to I have evaluated your query thoroughly. This requires revision surgery. I have clinical experience of more than 18 years in these types of cases, can assist further in details very authentically if you want. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards take care.

I take 4 time clomiphene and 2 times hormonal injection Lupi FSH but not conceive. My Dr. tell me for laparoscopy. What to do. I go for laparoscopy or any other treatment.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* In our clinic, we recommend a minimum trial of 6 - 9 months of conservative treatment to conceive, before going for laparoscopy. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards take care.
1 person found this helpful

I had laparoscopy on 13th Nov. I had three stitches which were removed after 10 days. Today I observe my naval and saw a black thread coming from there. Kya mere stitches dang se remove Nahi Kiye gye? What should I do now? Will this thread affect my chance of conceiving?

Fellowship in Laparoscopy, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Chennai
Usually absorbable sutures are not needed to be removed as it automatically falls. Sometimes there can be delayed fall of the sutures. It would be better to see the doctor.

In 2 years back I got pregnant in that process I know that there is a chocolate cyst in my right ovary after 3 months I lost my pregnancy and 1 year on wards we are trying for the 2nd pregnancy but I didn't get am so much worrying about my pregnancy please suggest me can go for laparoscopy for that cyst the cyst size is 86 à —66 mm in size. Suggest me best gynecologist for my problem in K PHB area.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
You should first go for laparoscopically cystectomy. Chocolate cyst is at times associated with adhesions between uterus ,tubes and ovaries. If adhesions present they can be removed (adhesolysis) during laparoscopy.
1 person found this helpful

Hello, my spouse had one blocked tube at left side. We are trying for pregnancy since 1 yr. But unfortunately we could not get it, so finally we approached a gynecologist, she made HSG test and confirmed that Left side tube is blocked and suggested us to go for IUI. As per the suggestion we went under IUI treatment for last month (Doctor confirmed with scan that egg is being released from Right side, hence proceeded for IUI), but that was not successful. This month something repeated the egg is coming from right side so went through IUI treatment yesterday. And I have good motility and sperm count. 1.But what could be the reasons for IUI failures, what is the success rate of IUI? 2. Doctor also suggested to go through laparoscopy for clearing the block. Is that possible with laparoscopy? Does it have any side effects like causing ectopic pregnancy? 3. And also suggest us the good precautions to get it success and good food after IUI procedure. thank you.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG)
IVF Specialist, Pune
HSG has an accuracy rate for diagnosis of about 85%. If the tube is found to be blocked on ultrasound; it is ideal to undergo Hysterolaparoscopy to not only diagnose the blockage but also to remove the blockage if possible. It is very common to find that when one tube is blocked then the other tube may also not be very healthy and functional even if it is found to be open on HSG. One of the causes for your IUI failure could be this. The chance of success with IUI is only about 12-16% depending on various factors. If conception does not happen in 3 cycles of IUI; it is time to move to advanced techniques like IVF/ ICSI.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Laparoscopy Surgery: A Boon for Patients
Good Afternoon

I am Dr. Chetna. Today we are doing to talk about the benefits of Minimal Access Surgery. So Minimal Access Surgery is more commonly known as Keyhole Surgery or a Laparoscopic Surgery. Now this is a revolution in the medical science which is now we are practicing for the last fifteen twenty years and it has given excellent result. A lot of people still in theato cities or otherwise metro cities also still have fear about laparoscopic surgeries. When they come to OBT, they start talking that you know the surgery remains and complications and stuff. Now here I would like to bust this myth and explain to you that why a Minimal Access Surgery is far superior to an open conventional surgery. Now a Minimal Access Surgery or a Laparoscopic Surgery is done through making punctures in abdomen void. Now this can be used for a various Diseases like to remove the uterus, to remove the ovarian cyst, to correct the polycystic, to remove endometriosis, to correct ectopic pregnancy and other further related surgeries. So we can remove large fibroids ad large as seven months pregnancy sized to large ovarian cysts. Yes, there are certain pre-requisites which we need to see before we decide whether this patient is fit for Laparoscopic Surgery or not. Majority of the women who are otherwise fit that means they have a normal exercise and urines and stuff are able to withstand Minimal Access Surgeries. So I was coming to advantages. Advantages no. 1, there are no major cuts on the tummy so there are some punctures. They may vary in numbers between two to four or sometimes even five and the size of these punctures would be largest to be about ten or twelve centimeters so you can believe these are very small punctures. The second advantage is that the surgeon is operating under the magnification of 6X or more. So that gives a lot of access to the pelvis so we can see it very properly. If required we can rotate the camera and go in the upper abdomen and see that as well. So there is a lot of benefits when it comes to the visual appearance of the organs and the operation skill. Then the instrument that we use in the Laparoscopy are very fine. To explain, my scissor blade is no longer than the nib of the pen that we use, not the ink pen we are talking, the regular gel pen. So that is the size of the blade that we use so that gives a very fine precision. Then the blood loss is quite less since the abdomen is not open to the air outside so the recovery is quite fast. That means the less number of hospital stay, less chances of blood transfusion or almost no chances of blood transfusion. You can go home fast. You can . I have had patients who did the surgery, second day we went to work, fifth day you see them coming from the office to remove their stitches. So this is brilliance you can t very next day the patient sits and starts eating and starts eating and talking, everything feels normal. So this is a blessing, it is a boon and since majority of the surgeries can be done by Laparoscopy. I would say before going in for an open surgery. They should be considered for laparoscopy. Yes, there are certain candidates are not fit for laparoscopy and these can have an open surgery but majority of who had fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, polycystic ovaries, pelvic infections, ovarian mass, some of the cancer patients also, uterus removal for heavy bleeding. So all these things can be done through a laparoscopy. So I believe this is a blessing by the modern science and we should all avail of this benefit.

So if any questions we can always meet me up at Medicals Medi-clinic Sector-14 and also part of Apollo cradle hospital. So you are welcome.
Play video
Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy
Difference Between Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy Surgery
Play video
Know More About Laparoscopy
Briefing on Laparoscopy
Play video
Infertility Treatment
Treatment of Infertility by Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy

I am Dr. Vishakha Munjal. I am a laparoscopy surgeon and infertility specialist. Today, I am going to talk about the role of laparoscopy and hysteroscopy in treating infertility.

Today, infertility has almost become an epidemic. This is because of multiple reasons like late marriages, late planning of pregnancy, various diseases like tuberculosis and pelvic infections which affect the fallopian tubes and cause their blockages. Then there is a certain disease like Endometriosis and fibroids which are at times the reason for infertility. These days lifestyle changes and an increase in stress level is also one of the reasons for ovulatory dysfunction and decreased sperm count. Couples facing infertility should consult an experienced gynecologist to understand the reason for infertility and how best it can be solved. Laparoscopic and Hysteroscopic surgeries can greatly help in diagnosing as well as many factors of infertility, thus, helping a woman to conceive naturally. Also, certain conditions like fibroids, endometriosis, and tubal factors need to be treated prior to IVF to increase the success rate of IVF else the woman will undergo multiple cycles of IVF and will get no results. So, it is very important to treat disease prior undergoing IVF.

The major Fertility Enhancing Surgery is Fibroid Removal, which is also called Myomectomy. Almost, any size of the fibroid can be taken care of laparoscopically. Compared to an open surgery, Laparoscopic Myomectomy has lesser blood loss and leads to lesser addition formation. It is also less painful for the patients. Patients can return back to work more quickly and they can plan for pregnancy also more quickly. Then, there is Endometriosis which is a chronic painful condition which causes severe pain during periods and during sex along with fertility. It is one of the major reasons for infertility in today s age. It is also associated with cyst formation at times which is called the chocolate cyst. Laparoscopy is a gold standard for treating Endometriosis. After Endometriosis, a woman gets not only relieve her pain but also she is able to conceive quickly. Then there are variances which are a hindrance for conception. Any size of the ovarian cyst can be treated laparoscopically.

First of all, get a histopathological diagnosis to rule out any malignancy in the cist as well as we remove the hindrance which is coming in the way of conception. Then, talking about tubal factors, tubal blockage at any level can be treated laparoscopically and if the blockage is at the starting of the fallopian tube then there are very fine cannulas available along with guide wires available which we used to cannulate the fallopian tubes and this can be done very effectively and it increases the chances of conception naturally. Now, let me talk about hysteroscopy. Well, hysteroscopy is a small telescope which is passed into the uterine cavity to see the cavity from inside for any pathology and to see the opening of the fallopian tube. Certain factors like presence of a fibroid, a polyp, a polyp is a sort of growth inside the uterine cavity, a septum which is like a wall causing a partition inside the uterine cavity. They all can be removed hysteroscopic ally, once this thing is removed hysteroscopic ally, the chances of the conception of a woman in creases greatly. All in all laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are a boon for infertility management. Laparoscopy is technically as much superior procedure than an open surgery. Since it is done through small punctures it is cosmetically very appealing, it causes less pain, less blood loss, less hospital stay, early recovery and early return to work for a patient.

If you wish to contact me for any laparoscopic enhancing surgery or infertility related problems, you can contact me at MediClinic, E16 Lajpat Nagar 3. Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice