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Last Updated: Jun 14, 2019
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Laparoscopic Surgery - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Laparoscopic surgery, often referred to as the diagnostic laparoscopy is a surgical process used for examining the organs within the abdomen. It is a low-risk and minimally invasive process where only small incisions are made below the naval areas of the women who cannot conceive. In this process, a small instrument called laparoscope is used with high-intensity light and camera at the front. Many doctors recommend the process for having a view inside the abdomen in real time without having an open surgery. Your doctor can also take biopsy samples at the time of the process. The camera transmits the image of the organs present in the uterus onto the television monitor. The video camera becomes the eye of the surgeon in the process of laparoscopic surgery, and thus it helps the surgeon to determine whether there are any abnormalities with the patient. The laparoscopic surgery is often chosen over traditional treatment methods since it involves minimum post-operative discomfort, fast recovery, less duration of hospital stay, early return to daily chores and considerably smaller scars.

How is the treatment done?

Laparoscopy can be described as a method of performing the surgery where tiny incisions are made in place of large cuts. There are two types of laparoscopic surgery- advanced surgery with a hand-held device and robot-assisted surgery. The human hand performs different functions during the surgery which are hard to reproduce with the aid of laparoscopic instruments. It is not possible for the hand to access microscopic regions within the stomach. This has led to the development of hand-access tools which can easily reach the liver, pancreas, and bile duct. It is very easy to access the areas which could only be reached through large cuts. In the case of robot-assisted surgeries, the doctor operates two devices which resemble the joysticks. It makes three incisions in the abdomen through which two robotic arms and one camera is inserted. The camera reflects high resolution and depth perceptive images which help the doctor to assess the condition of the patient. In most of the modern countries, the robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery is performed to reduce complications and time of recovery.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Your doctor may recommend you to undergo the laparoscopic surgery for reconstruction of the bile duct, altering the way of the bile duct which has been blocked by a tumour, reconstruction of the gastrointestinal tract and suturing the jejunum to the pancreatic duct. It is often helpful if you are suffering from distal pancreatectomy, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and adrenalectomy. The laparoscopic surgery helps in the evaluation of the gallbladder, pancreas, liver, appendix, stomach, spleen, small and large intestine along with the organs of reproduction. It helps the doctor to find if there are any abdominal mass or tumour or unwanted fluid in the abdominal cavity and liver diseases.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

There are no restrictions as such regarding who cannot undergo the laparoscopic surgery. But similar to all other surgical procedures, individuals with very high blood sugar and blood pressure may not be able to undergo the treatment. High cholesterol levels and smoking are also red flags for laparoscopic treatment.

Are there any side effects?

The most common side effects of the laparoscopic surgery include infection and bleeding. Thus, it is crucial to watch for the signs of infection and report any abnormalities to the doctor. If your stomach pain becomes intense with the passage of time accompanied by fever and chills, then it must be reported to the doctor without any delay. Plus, you may also experience swelling, redness, bleeding at the site of the incision. Other side effects include lightheadedness, coughing persistently, difficulty in urinating, and a constant feeling of nausea. You must not ignore them and report to the doctor. Although very rare, some people experience complications arising from the general anaesthesia, inflammation of the abdominal wall and a blood clot which may also travel to your pelvis and lungs.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The symptoms after undergoing the laparoscopic surgery start alleviating from the second day of the surgery. There are no restrictions on the amount of work you can do after the surgery but make sure that you listen to your body. You can use the stairs if you feel that you will be able to take the physical exertion. You must avoid sex for at least two weeks if your surgery has involved incisions in the vagina or the cervix.

How long does it take to recover?

Once the laparoscopic surgery is over, your doctor would keep you under observation to find out whether there are any complications. They will also see to the fact whether there are any adverse reactions to the anaesthesia being used. The timing of your release would depend on factors such as your overall physical condition, kind of anaesthesia and how your body reacted to the surgery. At times, you may have to remain in the hospital at night. You can start with your daily chores within a week but make sure that you attend the doctor for follow-up treatments.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

This is yet another surgical procedure which is affordable for every commoner. The price lies somewhere around Rs. 20,000, but it can be a bit more on the basis of the quality of the healthcare and your health complications. But many people undergo the treatment every year, and some insurances also cover it.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

If the doctor takes a biopsy, he will look for instances of adhesions and scars, hernias, appendicitis, tumours and cysts, cancer and pelvic inflammatory disease. Since the laparoscopic surgery is an invasive procedure, it will mitigate the risk factors and ensure that your organs are healthy. But for this, you must abide by the instructions given by the doctor.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There is only one alternative to laparoscopic surgery which is HSG although many gynaecologists believe that it is a complimentary process rather than an alternative. The other process is laparotomy which is a major surgery where the abdomen is cut open, and the patient is required to stay at the hospital for about 4 to 6 days.

Popular Questions & Answers

My mother has gallstone of 8 mm and 11 mm, mostly doctors recommending surgery, one of doctor recommended ursocol 300 mg twice a day for 30 days. I just want to know is this ok. Please give details. She is 45 years old.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, DNB - General Surgery, Fellowship in Surgical Gastroenterology
General Surgeon, Lucknow
No role of ursocol. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice.

My mother has gall bladder stone and the doctor suggested for open surgery removal but I want laparoscopic removal is that is possible?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Genito Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ludhiana
Yes treatment of choice is laparoscopic cholecystectomy only. I don't know why he suggested open surgery. You can visit a good laparoscopic surgery centre in your town and get it removed laparoscopiclly.
1 person found this helpful

I have gallbladder stone sized 1.48 cm and multicalculi. Is homeopathy medicine for this, is that completely cured without surgery? My age is 27.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS) & Reproductive Medicine, PGDHHM ( Post Graduate Diploma Hospital & Healthcare Management)
General Surgeon, Vadodara
Gallbladder usually starts producing stones when its wall is diseased. It may be symptomatic or may have no symptoms. Gradually it can develop inflammation called Cholecystitis when it will cause pain. If the stones slips into the bile duct it can...
2 people found this helpful

Hello sir, I'm 32 years old. And I am suffering from gallstones and last week I was suffering from severe stomach pain in upper central stomach. Then I went to the doctor and he measure my BP and at that time my BP was 165/100 and doctor also check glucose through glucometer and was 207. Then next day I have done my all test and test report was hb1ac :7.6,glucose fasting :190, glucose PP: 230. But lipase and amylase are normal. So kindly please suggest me on this. Thanks

MS - General Surgery, MBBS, Fellowship in Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Udaipur
You are suffering from Calculus Cholecystitis. And you recently got diagnosed with Blood sugar also. After further work up and investigations you need to undergo Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy I.e removal of complete gall bladder via Laparoscopic su...
4 people found this helpful

What is the latest technique of removing gall bladder/gallstones with minimal surgery?

F.N.B.(Minimal Access Surgery), MS (General Surgery) , MBBS, FALS(Fellow Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery), FCLS(Fellow International College of Laparoscopic Surgeons), FIAGES
General Surgeon, Bhubaneswar
The most commonly used technique is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is a trend to do this surgery by single incision or sils. Some people have started doing in one 10mm and rest 5 mm or 3 mm ports. This is known as reduced port laparoscopic su...

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