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Overview

Epinephrine

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Epinephrine belongs to a class of drugs known as alpha-beta-adrenergic agonists. It is used to cure severe allergic reactions that are caused by insect bites, foods, medications, latex and other causes not listed here as well. It functions by relaxing the muscles, tightening the blood vessels, reducing swelling and stimulating the heart.

On using Epinephrine you may experience side effects such as nervousness, sweating, headache, vomiting, nausea, anxiety, paleness and dizziness. Inform your doctor if any of these reactions persist and worsen over time.

Before using Epinephrine tell your doctor or pharmacist if: you are allergic to any medicines, foods, substances or any ingredient contained in this medication, you are taking any prescription or non-prescription drugs, you have chest pain, irregular heartbeat, asthma, high blood pressure, depression, Parkinson’s disease, you are pregnant, or are planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding a baby.

This medication needs to be injected into the body. It comes as a pre-filled automatic device containing a solution. You can inject the medication under the skin or intramuscularly. The usual dose is about 0.5 to 1 mg taken once a day.

severe allergic reaction
, local anaesthesia,
cardiac arrest
bleeding
In addition to its intended effect, Epinephrine may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Headache
Restlessness
Tremor
Is It safe with alcohol?
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Noradria 2mg injection may be unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. The benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Noradria 2mg injection is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
Patient's ability to drive and use machines may be affected by the anaphylactic reaction.
Does this affect kidney function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect liver function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Are there any missed dose instructions?
If you miss a dose of Epinephrine, please consult your doctor.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Epinephrine as ingredient
Neon Laboratories Ltd
Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Icpa Health Products Ltd
Troikaa Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Sunways India Pvt Ltd
Indoco Remedies Ltd
Entod Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Klar Sehen Pvt Ltd
Cachet Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Harson Laboratories
Swati Spentose Pvt Ltd
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Medicine
Clodict 100Mg Tablet
ARKAMIN 100MCG TABLET
Cloneon 150Mg Injection
Catapres 150Mcg Tablet
What are you using Epinephrine for?
Stomach Pain
Pain
How much was the improvement?
Poor
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
More than 2 days
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Not taking on daily level
Once a day
How did you take this medicine?
With or without food
With Food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Other

Popular Questions & Answers

Find a wheat allergy in recent test, nowadays avoiding food which contain wheat, is there any solution for start eating wheat contain food?

BDS, MDS
Dentist, Gorakhpur
Unfortunately the best solution is to avoid eating wheat or wheat products. There are some methods to avoid allergic reaction while having wheat like taking antihistaminic drugs, epinephrine, steroids, immunomodulators ect. But not advocated since these are long term medications and also will compromise your body further. Thank you.
3 people found this helpful

I have problem of hives. Can I get relief from this. If possible then please help me. I am very thankful to you. I went to many doctor .but I found nothing regarding my problem,

M.D. Consultant Pathologist, CCEBDM Diabetes, PGDS Sexology USA, CCMTD Thyroid, ACDMC Heart Disease, CCMH Hypertension, ECG
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
I have problem of hives. Can I get relief from this. If possible then please help me. I am very thankful to you. I we...
When antihistamines don't provide relief, oral corticosteroids may be prescribed. A biologic drug, omalizumab (Xolair), is also approved to treat chronic hives in those at least 12 years of age. For severe hive or angioedema outbreaks, an injection of epinephrine (adrenaline) or a cortisone medication may be needed.
2 people found this helpful

I get stomach cramps if I have eggs (boiled or cooked). The pain is intolerable and is nauseating. What could be the possible reasons and how to treat this? Please suggest home remedies to quickly reduce the effects if accidentally taken.

MD , MBBS
General Physician, Aligarh
You are having egg allergy. Antihistamines may help to relieve mild symptoms of egg allergy, such as itching. In addition, your allergist may prescribe epinephrine (adrenaline) in an auto-injector, to be taken in the event you develop symptoms of anaphylaxis a potentially fatal reaction that includes shortness of breath, swelling of the throat, and dizziness from a sudden drop in blood pressure. Your allergist will teach you how to use the auto-injector, which should be kept with you at all times and used as soon as symptoms start to appear. You or someone near you should also call for an ambulance, even if epinephrine provides relief, as the symptoms may recur.

I am 36 year old female, I am patient of Wheat Allergy since 2009 due to Thyroid. What can I do?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
I am 36 year old female, I am patient of Wheat Allergy since 2009 due to Thyroid. What can I do?
wheat allergy is not due to thyroid. Wheat allergy is an allergic reaction to foods containing wheat, one of the top eight food allergens in the United States. Allergic reactions can result from eating wheat, but also, in some cases, by inhaling wheat flour.Epinephrine is an emergency treatment for anaphylaxis. for wheat allergy.

Hi Dr. Please help me .I have shortness of breath and vomit. I have asthma and I used my mdi inhaler but cannot work.

MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Kendujhar
Hi Dr. Please help me .I have shortness of breath and vomit. I have asthma and I used my mdi inhaler but cannot work.
Hello, Thanks for your query on Lybrate As per your clinical history is concerned please follow like this- 1) Do a clinical examination by your Doctor and to confirm it do a blood test for (immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies) 2) Discuss with your Doctor about antihistamine like (BENADRYL cap-25 mg)every 8 hours Do follow lifestyle modifications like this- 1) Know what you're eating and drinking. Be sure to read food labels carefully. 2) Discuss with your doctor about prescribing emergency epinephrine. You may need to carry an epinephrine autoinjector (EpiPen) if you're at risk of a severe allergic reaction. 3) Do not eat anything outside to avoid food allergy Hope that helps.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Blood Pressure!

M.D. Consultant Pathologist, CCEBDM Diabetes, PGDS Sexology USA, CCMTD Thyroid, ACDMC Heart Disease, CCMH Hypertension, ECG
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
Blood Pressure!

Kissing has several benefits than it may seem, sure, it feels great, but apart from that, it also lowers your blood pressure. It further releases epinephrine hormone into your blood which allows your heart to pump blood faster and hence reduces the amount of the bad cholesterol. Here are a few reasons as to why you must grab the person you love and kiss him or her as soon as possible.

2 people found this helpful

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Therapies not recommended for treating asthma attack
Sedatives--- strictly avoid
Mucolytic drugs --- may worsen cough.
Chest physical therapy/physiotherapy as it will increase patients discomfort.
Hydration with large volumes of fluids for adults and older children,may be needed for younger children and infant.
Antibiotics-- do not treat asthma attack but are indicated for patients with pneumonia , bacterial infection like sinusitis.
Epinephrine/adrenaline may be indicated for anaphylaxis and angioedema but is not indicated for treatment of an asthma attack.
1 person found this helpful

All About Hives

Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), MBBS
Dermatologist, Rewari
All About Hives

If stressed, consuming certain food and medications can trigger skin rashes. This kind of rash is called hives. It is also known as urticaria. Anyone can be affected by hives, at least 20% of people are affected by hives at some time or the other in their lives. The itching could be severe or mild. It starts as a patch of scaly white skin that develops into red welts over time. To make sure the itching does not worsen, scratching, emotional stress, alcoholic drinks and exercise should be avoided.

Symptoms:

  1. Itchy bumps that are raised and are either red or flesh coloured
  2. If the hive is pressed in the middle, the skin whitens this symptom is called blanching.
  3. The hive formation can appear anywhere, disappear and then reappear somewhere else.

Common Triggers:

  1. Certain food like shellfish, eggs, peanuts and other nuts
  2. Certain medicines like antibiotics, ibuprofen and aspirin
  3. Insect bites or stings
  4. Physical causes like pressure, sun exposure, cold, exercise and heat
  5. Latex
  6. Blood transfusions
  7. Bacterial infections
  8. Pet allergens
  9. Viral infections like the common cold, hepatitis and infectious mononucleosis
  10. Certain plants like poison ivy and poison oak
  11. Pollen

Treatment:
There is no distinct cure for hives. But you can control its symptoms in the following ways:

  1. Antihistamines help in blocking histamines, which cause the allergy symptoms. Non sedating or low sedating Antihistamines will be mostly recommended by your doctor.
  2. If episodes of hives are several, it may require limited treatment with prednisone. Prednisone will be able to lessen the symptoms.
  3. If the symptoms get severe enough so much so that it swells up your tongue and you have problem breathing, then the doctor might prescribe an epinephrine. However, these symptoms can mean another thing, an anaphylaxis shock. Epinephrine is the only treatment for an anaphylaxis shock.

Prevention:
If what caused hives to break out is figured out, then measures should be taken to avoid or eliminate the triggers.

  1. Avoid eating food items that triggered the symptoms in the first place
  2. If harsh soaps, frequent bathing cause hives, they should be avoided
  3. Tight clothing should be avoided
  4. If cold triggers hives, then wear warm clothing, wrap a scarf and do not swim in cold water.
  5. Avoid sun exposure and wear sunblock
  6. If a specific medication is causing the hives, inform your doctor. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
2632 people found this helpful

Hives - 11 Common Triggers Behind It!

Hives - 11 Common Triggers Behind It!

If stressed, consuming certain food and medications can trigger skin rashes. This kind of rash is called hives. It is also known as urticaria. Anyone can be affected by hives, at least 20% of people are affected by hives at some time or the other in their lives. The itching could be severe or mild. It starts as a patch of scaly white skin that develops into red welts over time. To make sure the itching does not worsen, scratching, emotional stress, alcoholic drinks and exercise should be avoided.

Symptoms:

  1. Itchy bumps that are raised and are either red or flesh coloured
  2. If the hive is pressed in the middle, the skin whitens this symptom is called blanching.
  3. The hive formation can appear anywhere, disappear and then reappear somewhere else.

Common Triggers:

  1. Certain food like shellfish, eggs, peanuts and other nuts
  2. Certain medicines like antibiotics, ibuprofen and aspirin
  3. Insect bites or stings
  4. Physical causes like pressure, sun exposure, cold, exercise and heat
  5. Latex
  6. Blood transfusions
  7. Bacterial infections
  8. Pet allergens
  9. Viral infections like the common cold, hepatitis and infectious mononucleosis
  10. Certain plants like poison ivy and poison oak
  11. Pollen

Treatment:
There is no distinct cure for hives. But you can control its symptoms in the following ways:

  1. Antihistamines help in blocking histamines, which cause the allergy symptoms. Non sedating or low sedating Antihistamines will be mostly recommended by your doctor.
  2. If episodes of hives are several, it may require limited treatment with prednisone. Prednisone will be able to lessen the symptoms.
  3. If the symptoms get severe enough so much so that it swells up your tongue and you have problem breathing, then the doctor might prescribe an epinephrine. However, these symptoms can mean another thing, an anaphylaxis shock. Epinephrine is the only treatment for an anaphylaxis shock.

Prevention:
If what caused hives to break out is figured out, then measures should be taken to avoid or eliminate the triggers.

  1. Avoid eating food items that triggered the symptoms in the first place
  2. If harsh soaps, frequent bathing cause hives, they should be avoided
  3. Tight clothing should be avoided
  4. If cold triggers hives, then wear warm clothing, wrap a scarf and do not swim in cold water.
  5. Avoid sun exposure and wear sunblock
  6. If a specific medication is causing the hives, inform your doctor.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4051 people found this helpful

11 Causes Of Hives And Its Treatment!

DNB (Dermatology), Fellowship in Dermatological Laser Surgery, Fellowship In Cosmetic Dermatology, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai
11 Causes Of Hives And Its Treatment!

If stressed, consuming certain food and medications can trigger skin rashes. This kind of rash is called hives. It is also known as urticaria. Anyone can be affected by hives, at least 20% of people are affected by hives at some time or the other in their lives. The itching could be severe or mild. It starts as a patch of scaly white skin that develops into red welts over time. To make sure the itching does not worsen, scratching, emotional stress, alcoholic drinks and exercise should be avoided.

Symptoms:

  1. Itchy bumps that are raised and are either red or flesh coloured
  2. If the hive is pressed in the middle, the skin whitens this symptom is called blanching.
  3. The hive formation can appear anywhere, disappear and then reappear somewhere else.

Common Triggers:

  1. Certain food like shellfish, eggs, peanuts and other nuts
  2. Certain medicines like antibiotics, ibuprofen and aspirin
  3. Insect bites or stings
  4. Physical causes like pressure, sun exposure, cold, exercise and heat
  5. Latex
  6. Blood transfusions
  7. Bacterial infections
  8. Pet allergens
  9. Viral infections like the common cold, hepatitis and infectious mononucleosis
  10. Certain plants like poison ivy and poison oak
  11. Pollen

Treatment:
There is no distinct cure for hives. But you can control its symptoms in the following ways:

  1. Antihistamines help in blocking histamines, which cause the allergy symptoms. Non sedating or low sedating Antihistamines will be mostly recommended by your doctor.
  2. If episodes of hives are several, it may require limited treatment with prednisone. Prednisone will be able to lessen the symptoms.
  3. If the symptoms get severe enough so much so that it swells up your tongue and you have problem breathing, then the doctor might prescribe an epinephrine. However, these symptoms can mean another thing, an anaphylaxis shock. Epinephrine is the only treatment for an anaphylaxis shock.

Prevention:
If what caused hives to break out is figured out, then measures should be taken to avoid or eliminate the triggers.

  1. Avoid eating food items that triggered the symptoms in the first place
  2. If harsh soaps, frequent bathing cause hives, they should be avoided
  3. Tight clothing should be avoided
  4. If cold triggers hives, then wear warm clothing, wrap a scarf and do not swim in cold water.
  5. Avoid sun exposure and wear sunblock
  6. If a specific medication is causing the hives, inform your doctor.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3801 people found this helpful

Table of Content

About Epinephrine
When is Epinephrine prescribed?
What are the side effects of Epinephrine?
Key highlights of Epinephrine
What are the dosage instructions?
Medicines containing Epinephrine
What are the interactions for Epinephrine?