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Overview

Epinephrine

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Epinephrine belongs to a class of drugs known as alpha-beta-adrenergic agonists. It is used to cure severe allergic reactions that are caused by insect bites, foods, medications, latex and other causes not listed here as well. It functions by relaxing the muscles, tightening the blood vessels, reducing swelling and stimulating the heart.

On using Epinephrine you may experience side effects such as nervousness, sweating, headache, vomiting, nausea, anxiety, paleness and dizziness. Inform your doctor if any of these reactions persist and worsen over time.

Before using Epinephrine tell your doctor or pharmacist if; you are allergic to any medicines, foods, substances or any ingredient contained in this medication, you are taking any prescription or non-prescription drugs, you have chest pain, irregular heartbeat, asthma, high blood pressure, depression, Parkinson?s disease, you are pregnant, or are planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding a baby.

This medication needs to be injected into the body. It comes as a pre-filled automatic device containing a solution. You can inject the medication under the skin or intramuscularly. The usual dose is about 0.5 to 1 mg taken once a day.

severe allergic reaction
, local anaesthesia,
cardiac arrest
bleeding
Glaucoma
In addition to its intended effect, Epinephrine may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Headache
Restlessness
Tremor
Palpitations
Is It safe with alcohol?
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Noradria 2mg injection may be unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. The benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Noradria 2mg injection is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
Patient's ability to drive and use machines may be affected by the anaphylactic reaction.
Does this affect kidney function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect liver function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Are there any missed dose instructions?
If you miss a dose of Epinephrine, please consult your doctor.\n
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Medicine
Clodict 100Mg Tablet
ARKAMIN 100MCG TABLET
Cloneon 150Mg Injection
Catapres 150Mcg Tablet

Popular Questions & Answers

I have problem of hives. Can I get relief from this. If possible then please help me. I am very thankful to you. I went to many doctor .but I found nothing regarding my problem,

M.D. Consultant Pathologist, CCEBDM Diabetes, PGDS Sexology USA, CCMTD Thyroid, ACDMC Heart Disease, CCMH Hypertension, ECG
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
I have problem of hives. Can I get relief from this. If possible then please help me. I am very thankful to you. I we...
When antihistamines don't provide relief, oral corticosteroids may be prescribed. A biologic drug, omalizumab (Xolair), is also approved to treat chronic hives in those at least 12 years of age. For severe hive or angioedema outbreaks, an injection of epinephrine (adrenaline) or a cortisone medication may be needed.
2 people found this helpful

I am suffering from a diseases called urticaria for last 1 yr. Is there any allopathy medicine to get complete relief.

MBBS, FELLOWSHIP IN PAEDIATRICS
Pediatrician, Ghaziabad
I am suffering from a diseases called urticaria for last 1 yr. Is there any allopathy medicine to get complete relief.
Urticaria also known commonly as hives can be due to various reasons. Treatment may not be needed if the hives are mild. They may disappear on their own. To reduce itching and swelling: Do not take hot baths or showers. Do not wear tight-fitting clothing, which can irritate the area. Your provider may suggest that you take an antihistamine such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl). Follow your provider's instructions or the package instructions about how to take the medicine. If your reaction is severe, especially if the swelling involves your throat, you may need an emergency shot of epinephrine (adrenaline) or steroids. Hives in the throat can block your airway, making it difficult to breathe. Hives may be uncomfortable, but they are usually harmless and disappear on their own. In most cases, the exact cause of hives cannot be identified.
1 person found this helpful

Find a wheat allergy in recent test, nowadays avoiding food which contain wheat, is there any solution for start eating wheat contain food?

BDS, MDS
Dentist, Gorakhpur
Unfortunately the best solution is to avoid eating wheat or wheat products. There are some methods to avoid allergic reaction while having wheat like taking antihistaminic drugs, epinephrine, steroids, immunomodulators ect. But not advocated since these are long term medications and also will compromise your body further. Thank you.
3 people found this helpful

Hello doc I'm male 24 years 5 years before start hair fall now I lost half of hair especially front and center of head I'm really scared I'm not married so pls kindly help me even my father had full head of hair. I dnt know what reason but I have one doubt I'm started masturbation 6 years back after I noticed my hair fall from that time im reduced masturbation now I'm doing weekly once pls tell my hair will get back if I stop masturbation completely? .I had doubt masturbation causes hair fall? Pls suggest me how to get my hair back? How to get my hair back? Thank you.

BHMS, DEMS
Homeopath, Pune
Hello doc I'm male 24 years 5 years before start hair fall now I lost half of hair especially front and center of hea...
Hair loss is associated excessive masturbation due to imbalance of DHT, testosterone, HGH, and stress hormones (norepinephrine and epinephrine), and possibly glutamate. If your HGH and testosterone levels are low but the stress hormones and DHT are high, you will experience hair loss. You can stop hair loss by eating more seeds, nuts, vegetables, and seafoods, and take all-natural supplements to regrow your hair follicles. For better result consult me.

I have heavy hair fall from fast 1 year. The density is getting too low. My age is 23 only. I feels my body like heat body. please give some suggestion to cure hair fall and body heat.

BHMS, DEMS
Homeopath, Pune
I have heavy hair fall from fast 1 year. The density is getting too low. My age is 23 only. I feels my body like heat...
Hair loss is associated excessive masturbation due to imbalance of DHT, testosterone, HGH, and stress hormones (norepinephrine and epinephrine), and possibly glutamate. If your HGH and testosterone levels are low but the stress hormones and DHT are high, you will experience hair loss. You can stop hair loss by eating more seeds, nuts, vegetables, and seafoods, and take all-natural supplements to regrow your hair follicles. For better result consult me.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Liposuction - Which Type Should You Go For?

MBBS, MS-General Surgery, MCh-Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Liposuction - Which Type Should You Go For?

Liposuction is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes excess fat from some parts of the body to improve your overall body contour. Essentially, this cosmetic procedure involves insertion of small, thin but blunt-shaped needles under the skin in those areas that have excess fat. Fat is then suctioned out through these needles by moving them from one place to another under the skin. Also called as “lipo”, this type of cosmetic surgery addresses the following body parts;

  1. Thighs
  2. Hips and buttocks
  3. Fat located on abdomen and waist
  4. Fat on the upper arms
  5. Fat on neck, chin and cheek area
  6. Fat deposited on the back, inner knee, chest, calves and ankles

Liposuction can be performed along with other cosmetic surgeries such as facelift, breast reduction, tummy tuck etc. Please note that liposuction cannot be used to reduce obesity, diabetes and other weight-related disorders.

Types of Liposuction
In recent years, this surgical procedure has been made less painful by developing newer techniques. These are:

  1. Tumescent Liposuction- This involves applying a local anesthetic on the area where the procedure has to be done. A combination of chemicals e.g. lidocaine and epinephrine is then inserted under the skin. This numbs the precise area where liposuction will be done.
  2. Ultrasound liposuction: This procedure involves melting of the undesired fat by ultrasound. This form of liposuction is suited for fat deposited on the neck, upper abdomen, sides and the back area.
  3. Laser liposuction: Low-energy waves are sent under the skin to liquefy the fat that is later removed through the cannulas.

Liposuction is not an elaborate procedure and does not require overnight hospitalization most cases. The patient is administered a local anesthetic so that she does not experience any pain. Overnight hospitalisation may be required if the volume of fat to be removed is large.

Post-liposuction care
Post this surgery, expect your body to swell. The parts of your body where liposuction has been carried out will display swellings, bruises etc. You may even experience pain in those areas. To alleviate discomfort, patients are wrapped up in bandages, support hoses, girdles etc. Some patients may report fluids oozing from the areas affected by liposuction. To prevent infection, doctors prescribe antibiotics to such patients.
Swelling and bruises may continue for the next 7- 10 days post this surgery. Patients may have to wear the bandages, girdles, wraps etc. for the next 3-4 days.

Effectiveness
Liposuction results in a better shape if the volume of fat removed is small. If the patient regains weight after liposuction, fat reappears in those areas which have not been treated.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3 people found this helpful

Gastrointestinal Bleeding - How It Can Be Treated?

MBBS, DNB - Internal Medicine, DNB - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Gastrointestinal Bleeding - How It Can Be Treated?

Gastrointestinal bleeding, as the name suggests, is characterized by bleeding in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and its accessory organs (esophagus, stomach, colon, small intestine, rectum, and anus). The bleeding also referred to as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, is not a disease in itself. However, it may be an indication of a disease, injury or infection in the digestive tract of a person. The bleeding in the GI tract may be mild to chronic (often fatal), depending on the severity of the condition that triggers the bleeding.

What causes the gastrointestinal bleeding?
As stated, the gastrointestinal bleeding may be indicative of some digestive tract disorder. Some of the common conditions that may trigger the bleeding include

  • Tumors that are malignant in nature.
  • Hemorrhoids (a painful condition where veins around the anus, as well as the lower part of the rectum, swell up)
  • Peptic ulcers.
  • Diverticulosis (formation of diverticula or pouches in the walls of the large intestine).
  • Inflammatory bowel disorder.
  • Colon polyps (a small mass of cells that develop on the inner lining of the large intestine or colon).
  • There may be problems in the blood vessels (in the digestive tract).
  • Anal fissures.
  • Esophageal varices (the veins of the stomach or esophagus swell up due to a liver disorder, such as cirrhosis).
  • Angiodysplasia (it is a minute vascular malformation that takes place in the gut).
  • There may be an inflammation of the gastrointestinal lining.

Symptoms:
The appearance of blood in the stool and vomit is one of the characteristic symptoms of the gastrointestinal bleeding. Other symptoms indicative of a bleeding include

  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • The stool appears black and tarry.
  • A person may complain of uneasiness and shortness of breath.
  • The skin appears pale. In some cases, prolonged bleeding that goes unattended may result in anemia.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • The stool may also appear maroon or bright red (often in the case of bleeding from the lower gastrointestinal part).

Consult a doctor at the earliest if the symptoms persist for more than a week.Timely medical assistance can help to minimize the extent of the damage.

Diagnosis and treatment:
Gastrointestinal bleeding in the colon or the stomach is easy to diagnose. However, the diagnosis of the bleeding that occurs in the small intestine may be tricky and often requires the use of advanced and sophisticated equipment. The diagnosis is often done by

  • Physical examination.
  • Liver function tests.
  • Complete blood count.
  • Endoscopy, colonoscopy, and sigmoidoscopy.

Treatment:

  • Endoscopic injections (often diluted epinephrine) at the bleeding site provides great relief.
  • To close or clamp off a bleeding blood vessel, doctors may use Endoscopic clips.
  • Endoscopic intravariceal cyanoacrylate injection is used to treat varices in the stomach effectively.
  • There are medications available to treat GI bleeding triggered by ulcers.
  • In the case of an acute bleeding, a person may need surgery (Laparoscopy).

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1874 people found this helpful

Prevent Diabetes with Lifestyle Changes!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, FACE, FACP, FRCP (London)
Diabetologist, Lucknow
Prevent Diabetes with Lifestyle Changes!

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results in high blood sugar levels in the body. It basically means that the body is either insensitive to insulin or the insulin production levels in the body go down. The various symptoms of diabetes are blurred vision, weight loss and hunger.

Some other symptoms of diabetes are

  1. Excessive urine output
  2. Wounds that take time to heal
  3. Yeast infections
  4. You may experience fatigue on a regular basis
  5. Frequent Mood Changes

Diabetes is also known as a Lifestyle disease. From the food you eat to the amount of activity, they are all connected to diabetes prevention. The various modifications that you may carry out to prevent diabetes are:

1. Exercise

You should exercise on a regular basis as it increases your overall wellbeing. It helps you to lose weight and allows you to maintain optimal blood sugar levels. It can also improve your body's sensitivity to insulin to prevent blood sugar problems. Exercise helps in increasing endorphin levels in the body which are responsible for keeping you happy & satiated, thereby avoiding depression and over-eating.

2. Eat more whole grains

Unlike simple carbohydrates, whole grains are complex carbohydrates that raise your blood sugar steadily instead of spiking it suddenly. Avoid refined grains as most of the important nutrients are stripped from refined grains. A Well-balanced diet with adequate amounts of PUFA/MUFA help in increasing the insulin sensitivity, reducing cholesterol and heart problems, etc.

3. Eat a lot of fiber

If you have type 2 diabetes, you should be, including high-fiber foods in your diet is a healthy way to control high blood sugar. Fiber does not raise blood glucose levels. Because it is not broken down by the body, the fiber in an apple or a slice of whole grain bread has no effect on blood glucose levels because it isn't digested. The grams of fiber can actually be subtracted from the total grams of carb you are eating if you are using carbohydrate counting for meal planning. Fiber helps you in feeling satiated, thus prevents you from overeating. It also improves your blood sugar levels and decreases your chances of getting affected by heart disease.

4. Lose weight

You should aim to maintain a healthy weight level as it also decreases the risk of diabetes. It also helps in improving your cardiovascular health. Follow a regimen, which is based on a balanced diet and moderate amount of exercise. Losing weight is the best way to keep diabetes away. Weight is something that we can keep under control. The waist size of men and women should not be more than 150 cm and 90 cm respectively. Always maintain your ideal body weight as per your BMI (Body Mass Index). Globally, obesity is one of the leading causes of diabetes.

5. Avoid sugary drinks

With ten teaspoons of sugar in every 12-ounce can or bottle, sweet drinks can send your blood sugar soaring and boost your risk for weight gain, high blood pressure, stroke, and heart disease. One sugary drink a day adds 150 empty calories and 40 to 50 grams of blood-sugar-raising carbohydrates to your diet, and can lead to a weight gain of 15 pounds per year. Switching to healthier drinks can save hundreds of calories and a lot of carbohydrates.

6. Avoid Stress

When you are stressed, your blood sugar levels rise. Stress hormones like epinephrine and cortisol kick in since one of their major functions is to raise blood sugar to help boost energy when it's needed most. You can't fight danger when your blood sugar is low, so it rises to help meet the challenge. Both physical and emotional stress can prompt an increase in these hormones, resulting in an increase in blood sugars and diabetes. Ensuring a stress-free life is very important if you want to stay away from diabetes. Avoid stress by going out for garden-walks, indulging in social causes/activities, yoga, meditation, etc.

type diabetes

6 people found this helpful

Performance Anxiety In Bed - Why It Happens?

Diploma in Body Therapy, England, PG Diploma in Skin Treatments, England, BAMS, Certified Cosmetologist & Nutritionist , Certificate in Facial Electrical Treatments, England, PG Diploma in Diet & Nutrition, England, UK Level 4 Certificate in Specialist Hair & Scalp Services
Sexologist, Delhi
Performance Anxiety In Bed - Why It Happens?

Intercourse is meant to be a pleasurable and intimate experience. But it might become an unpleasant act if you are suffering from performance anxiety. When you are mentally occupied by questions such as "Do I look too fat?" or "Did I do that right?", sex stops being a gratifying experience.

Incessant anxiety over your ability or appearance can result in sex becoming nerve-wracking and stressful for you. It might even have you avoiding sex altogether. This psychological condition is termed as sexual performance anxiety.

Sex isn't only a physical reaction, there are emotions tied to it as well. If you are too stressed out and your mind is preoccupied, your body reflects your inner turmoil and you cannot get aroused.

Causes: The causes of sexual performance anxiety include:

  1. Fear that you wouldn't be able to satisfy your partner and perform well sexually
  2. Body image issues (Such as stressing about your weight)
  3. Problems in your relationship
  4. Men worry that their penis don't 'measure' up
  5. Men might be concerned about taking too much time to orgasm, or about premature ejaculation
  6. Women worry about not enjoying the experience or being unable to have an orgasm

Symptoms: Your mental state has a deep impact on your physical state. The effect of stress hormones norepinephrine and epinephrine can hinder your sexual performance. Symptoms of sexual performance anxiety include:

  1. In men, blood vessels constrict due to the effect of stress hormones. This leads to reduced blood flow to the penis, thus making it difficult for the man to get an erection.
  2. Often though it is less diagnosed in women, sexual performance anxiety leads to trouble in lubrication during sex. Lack of lubrication dims the desire to have sex.

Sexual performance anxiety is a vicious, inescapable cycle. Increased anxiety hampers you from having sex, making you think you won't be able to perform well, which causes even more anxiety.

Treatment: Consult a doctor you will be comfortable with discussing your problems. Sexual performance can be either treated by medication (if you have an underlying medical condition such as erectile dysfunction) or through therapy.

Talking to a therapist or counsellor about your problems can help you in several ways. You can learn to become more comfortable with yourself and your body. You can also understand your problems better, which can eliminate your anxiety.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

17 people found this helpful

Allergy - Common Signs You Can Be Suffering From One!

MBBS.DTCD
Pulmonologist, Hyderabad
Allergy - Common Signs You Can Be Suffering From One!

Allergies are the result of the immune system’s response to foreign objects such as pet dander, pollen, certain foods, bee venom etc. In response to the allergen, the immune system produces antibodies, anticipating that the allergen is harmful in nature, even though that might not be the case always. The immune system can inflame the digestive system, skin, airways or sinuses when it comes in contact with allergens. The severity of allergies can vary from anaphylaxis to a minor irritation. In most cases, allergies cannot be fully cured. It, however, can be controlled with medication.

What are the symptoms of allergy?

  1. Various allergies cause different kinds of symptoms.
  2. Hay fever can cause sneezing, fluffy nose, itching of the eyes, nose, and mouth, swollen eyes etc.
  3. Food allergy can cause hives, mouth tingling, anaphylaxis, body itching etc.
  4. Insect sting produces symptoms such as anaphylaxis, cough, swelling on the source etc.
  5. Drug allergy can result in a rash, wheezing, swelling of the face, hives etc.
  6. Atopic dermatitis often lead to flake, itching, and reddening of the skin.
  7. There are other allergies that are triggered either by food or by insect bite. These can lead to a medical emergency known as the anaphylaxis. Some symptoms include skin rash, loss of consciousness, weak pulse, vomiting and nausea, shortness of breath etc.

What are the possible causes of allergy?

  1. Air:  A number of allergies occur from the surrounding air. Examples of such airborne allergies include pollen, animal dander, mould etc.
  2. Food items: Certain foods are known to be causing allergy such as tree nuts, eggs, peanuts, soy fish etc.
  3. Medication: There are medications such as penicillin-based antibiotics that can lead to allergy.
  4. Insect bite: Bite from insects such as wasp or bee can trigger an allergy in adults and kids.

What are the possible complications?
Allergy often leads to complication such as asthma, infection of the lungs, sinusitis, infection of the ear and anaphylaxis. The risk of getting these conditions increase, provided no treatment is done for a long duration.

How is the diagnosis done?
To investigate the type of allergy a person has, the doctor might ask for the exact symptoms that a person is encountering. He may ask questions related to intake of food and the possible triggers. A skin test is often performed, followed by a blood test to confirm the presence of allergy in an individual.

What are the methods of treatment?
Depending on the type of allergy one has, a doctor might prescribe nasal spray, eye drops, and pills to reduce the symptoms. Apart from this, if the allergy is severe in nature, a doctor might suggest going for immunotherapy and emergency epinephrine. Certain lifestyle changes and food habits go a long way in cutting down the symptoms.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2979 people found this helpful