Gynacomastia is the enlargement of the gland tissue of the male breast. It can affect men who are middle aged or even older and even strike during infancy or puberty. This condition occurs due to the growth of the grandular or breast tissue, which is actually present in small quantities in men. It is caused due to the imbalance of testosterone or estrogen hormones and can affect one or both the breasts. This is not a very serious problem but men with male breasts may experience some pain.
The symptoms that may be associated with gynacomastia are swollen breast gland tissue and tenderness of the breast. Male breasts can develop as part of the normal development process and can affect a normal pubertal male. However, other factors that may influence the onset of this condition are: aging, as the production of testosterone decreases with age, as a side-effect of some other disease or condition and as a reaction to some other medication.
There is no such treatment required for physiologic gynacomastia. In most of the patients, pubertal gynacomastia gets resolved within a few weeks to a couple of years. When gynacomastia occurs due to hypogonadism, parenteral or transdermal testosterone therapy is done. A patient will have to undergo medical or surgical treatment if they are suffering from idiopathic gynacomastia or residual gynacomastia. Pharmocologic therapy requires the use of some drugs. Breast surgery is recommended for those who suffer from long-standing gynacomastia or those who have not benefitted from medical treatment.
Reduction mammoplasty is done to surgically reduce the size of male breasts. The chest is flattened by reducing the size of the breasts and this helps to improve the shape of the male chest. The location and size of the areola can also be adjusted if the breast tissues are extremely heavy causing the areola to sag. On the other hand, liposuction is done if male breasts appear due to too much fat. In this procedure, a narrow canula is used to suction off the excess fat. Excision technique is utilized if excess skin and grandular tissues are to be removed.
Other than surgical interventions, some medications can also help to deal with male breasts. Testosterone replacement medications can help older men to reduce their male breasts. Clomiphone is another drug used to treat gynecomastia. Tamoxifen which is a selective estrogen receptor modulator helps to reduce the size of male breasts. This medication is mostly used to treat painful or severe disorders. Danazol is a drug which is not used as commonly as other drugs to treat gynecomastia. However, it is a synthetic derivative of testosterone and it helps to regulate the production of sex hormones.
However, it has to be kept in mind that medications help to curtail gynecomastia only in the initial stages of the treatment. Scarring of the tissues occurs after about 12 months and medications do not produce any beneficial effects after the 12 months. In this scenario, surgical intervention is required.
A man is eligible for surgery to treat gynecomastia if he feels that his breasts are too large and alternative medical therapies are not helping them to successfully address the condition. Some of the prerequisites for this surgery include: a man should be healthy and be of average weight, he does not suffer from any other medical conditions or takes medications that may interfere with this treatment and he has stabilized breast growth. Testosterone replacement therapy may be good for older men but it may cause further enlargement of breasts in men with healthy levels of testosterone.
A person who is not too old and has healthy amounts of testosterone are not eligible for testosterone therapy. A person suffering from any other medical condition for which he is receiving treatment should consult his doctor before going for gynecomastia surgery. An unhealthy person is also not eligible for any surgical intervention.
Some of the side-effects associated with testosterone replacement therapy are acne or oily skin, stimulation of prostate tissue resulting in increased urinary symptoms like decreased stream or frequency, increased risk of blood clots, occurrence of sleep apnea, reduction of size of testicles, mood swings and increased risks of heart attacks and strokes. Sometimes, testosterone replacement surgery can cause breasts to get enlarged in people with normal levels of testosterone.
A person undergoing testosterone replacement therapy needs to go for regular check-ups and adhere strictly to the guidelines recommended by the doctor. A person should take proper rest for at least 3 days after the gynecomastia surgery. Movement of the limbs is also restricted in some cases. A person can resume normal physical activities only after 3 weeks. After the surgery, direct exposure to sunlight should be avoided till the bruising and swelling subsides. Consumption of alcohol and other drugs should be completely halted till a few days after the surgery.
A person undergoing reduction mammoplasty will have to take a break for about 1 month to recover from the effects of the surgery. A person will feel tired and may also experience some pain due to bruising and swelling. It will take about 4-6 weeks for these effects to subside. A person undergoing testosterone replacement therapy will experience the beneficial effects within 4-6 weeks in most cases. However, the entire treatment may take a lot of time and the duration varies from person to person.
Gynecomastia surgery in Indian generally costs something around Rs 60000. It can vary according to the procedure used and also according to which surgeon is performing the surgery. Clomifone may cost between Rs 650 – Rs 6500 depending on the duration of the treatment cycle. Tamoxifen medication for 1 month also costs around Rs 6500. Testosterone injections are available for Rs 5000 per injection approximately.
The effects of breast reduction surgery in males are deemed permanent. However, a man may again develop a larger breast if he gains weight or due to the effect of some other medications. Medications used for breast reduction normally help to deal with the external manifestations but do little to address the underlying causes. Therefore, their effects are not permanent as a person may again develop larger breasts once he is stops taking the medication.
Breast reduction can be done by men by reducing their body weight. A couple of cups of green tea every day helps in this aspect due to it is a natural anti-oxidant. Turmeric boosts the levelof testosterone and so helps to address gynecomastia. Milk thistle contains silymarin and so helps to cure gynecomastia. Other treatments may include consumption of hot water and dandelion leaves, consumption of ginger root tea and taking a bath in water mixed with Epsom salt.
Rs 650 - Rs 60000
Are you thinking of undergoing a surgical procedure to get rid of your enlarged breasts? This condition, which involves the enlargement of the breast tissue in men is known as gynecomastia. It is commonly referred to as ‘man boobs’. The condition is not always permanent, but is quite embarrassing for any man to face. Among the various modes of treatment of gynecomastia, surgery is considered to be an ideal method after taking into consideration long-term results.
Pros and Cons of Gynecomastia surgery
However, there are several side effects that are associated with a gynecomastia surgery. Although there are many options for the management of gynecomastia, such as following a strict diet plan, working out regularly, and making other lifestyle modifications, a surgery is effective for a fast removal of the breast tissues. It is more long-term than any other treatment when followed properly.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Although the breasts are one of the most significant contributors of a woman’s physical beauty, a man with breasts not only looks awkward but feels clumsy and graceless as well. An individual who is suffering from such problems which are referred to as gynecomastia in medical terms, should not neglect the problem but consider opting for male breast reduction surgery. In this surgical intervention, a qualified doctor would help in restoring your natural masculine looks around the chest. And there is nothing to be anxious about as there are advanced techniques which would help you recover quickly and result in virtually invisible scars.
What is gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia can be described as an enlargement of male breasts which can be effectively removed with the aid of male breast reduction surgery. This process helps in removal of excess fat as well as glandular tissue for the restoration of a flatter and firmer contour to the chest of the male.
Although it may appear strange, there are some men all over the world who have such development due to genetic conditions or side effects of certain medicines or some other unspecified reasons. Gynecomastia can happen at any age, and the male breast reduction surgery can be safely performed on both teenagers and adult men.,
Why is it important to have male breast reduction surgery?
Though weight loss can assist the reduction of the appearance of male breasts for some individuals, in some instances it has been speculated that the excess glandular tissue which may result in noticeably large breasts even in men with a lean body. In the present scenario, the male breast reduction surgery is the only method for alleviating the problem with long-lasting results. Most individuals who have undergone this surgery report that they feel comfortable without the shirt and also experience enhanced self-confidence.
If an individual is uncomfortable or self-conscious regarding the appearance of the chest or when he is compelled to avoid certain activities where he may have to go shirtless, the male breast reduction surgery is an option that deserves consideration. When there is an experienced and professional surgeon to carry out the process, the affected individual would be able to see dramatic improvements with nominal scars.
Liposuction is yet another option that deserves special mention in this respect. This is owing to the advancement of liposuction technology which has proffered the surgeons with a wider selection of comparatively less invasive methodologies. The recovery period is shorter compared to conventional surgeries, and the patients are given a compression garment which they are required to wear for the first few couple of weeks which helps in reduction of swelling and offer support for the healing tissues.
It is important to note here that vigorous exercises must not be performed within three weeks after the treatment. But it is crucial to understand that each and every person heals at a unique pace, the cosmetic surgeon would give the patient insight into the treatment so that he can set realistic expectations.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Most men, about 60%, see some development of breast tissue in their lifetime. This growth could be round, symmetrical and occurs bilaterally. This growth of breast tissue in males is medically known as gynecomastia.
It can affect men of all ages, and if this presents as a serious problem, then surgery is the most definitive form of treatment.
Surgical options: There are two major options available for correcting gynecomastia – liposuction and excisive surgery.
After the surgery:
The development of breasts is one of the most prominent physical difference between the structure of a man and a woman. In some cases, hormonal imbalances can cause enlargement of the male breast gland, which is known as gynecomastia. Apart from being a cause for embarrassment, it is also associated with a number of medical conditions such as kidney failure and liver cirrhosis. However, there is little need to worry if you have been diagnosed with such a condition as it can easily be treated with dietary changes, medication and surgery. Among these, surgery is the only method of treatment that guarantees a permanent and immediate solution to the problem.
Surgical treatment for gynecomastia is of two types
The type of surgery suitable for you will depend on a number of factors including the extent and type of gynecomastia.
Liposuction involves the removal of fat from the breast, but does not touch the breast tissue itself. For this surgery, a surgeon makes a small incision on either side of the chest or along the edge of the areola. Excessive fat is then removed through these incisions and the skin and remaining tissue is then restructured. Liposuction can take anywhere between a week and 3 weeks for complete recovery. In the meanwhile, the patient must wear a compression garment to minimize the swelling and support the chest tissue as it heals.
Do you know that enlarged breasts, which are observed in many men are caused because of a health condition? This is known as gynecomastia and involves enlargement of the breast tissues in men. The condition is commonly called man boobs. It is usually not something serious and is not always permanent.
During the puberty stage, gynecomastia is quite common and normal. It occurs because of natural changes in oestrogen and testosterone, the sex hormones. The condition is also likely in men of old and middle age because of ageing and hormonal shift. Certain medicines such as antibiotics, heart medicines, AIDS medicines, drugs for heartburn and anti-anxiety medicines may also be responsible for this condition. Drinking alcohol in excess and taking marijuana, and other recreational drugs also increase the chances of gynecomastia. Breast size may also get enhanced by the use of herbal products containing lavender oil and tea tree oil.
Men affected by gynecomastia are featured by having a rubbery mass underneath their nipple region. It is less in amount and is usually tender. Fluid discharge is also an indication in some cases.
For the diagnosis of gynecomastia, you should visit a plastic surgeon, who deals with cases of hormone imbalances. Blood or hormone tests may be required if your physical examination shows that your breasts are larger than usual, the lymph nodes are swollen, or when the lump is sore.
Commonly, gynecomastia can not be cured with medicines. Surgery is compulsory. In the case of teenagers, the breasts become of normal shape within two to three years. Surgery is the only option for restoring your chest shape and improving your self-image. In the surgery for treating gynecomastia, a small cut is made on your breasts and extra breast tissues are removed. This makes your breasts smaller and flatter. The nipple may also need to be repositioned. Liposuction is another procedure which is carried out for this purpose, in which extra fat is sucked out from under your skin. Among the different modes of treatment for gynecomastia, surgery is meant for long term results. However, you need to undertake a healthy lifestyle in order to maintain your new chest shape. Gaining weight and taking drugs may cause gynecomastia to reoccur. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cosmetic-plastic-surgeon.