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Alcohol Abuse - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Alcohol Abuse? Causes of Alcohol Abuse. What is the symptoms of Alcohol Abuse? Treatment of Alcohol Abuse. Prevention to avoid Alcohol Abuse. Withdrawal symptoms of Alcohol Abuse.

What is Alcohol Abuse?

Alcohol abuse differs from alcohol addiction, but they generally exist simultaneously. It is important to understand that alcohol abusers may not be addicted to alcohol, but when they consume it, it knows no boundaries. Alcohol abusers keep drinking alcohol continuously, regardless of the results. They may not indulge in alcohol consumption on a regular basis and may not suffer from any symptoms when not around alcohol. But they have no limits when they start drinking; they are typically heavy drinkers and end up losing control of their actions due to excessive alcohol intake. Alcohol abusers may eventually become addicted to it too.

Having a couple of drinks per day is considered as moderate drinking, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, the consumption of too much alcohol and not being able to limit the consumption is alcohol abuse and recognised as a very dangerous disorder. It is the root cause of many social and emotional problems, and if not curbed, a path to alcohol addiction. Alcohol abuse is a disruptive and life-threatening problem and associated with problems like drunk-driving, vandalism, violent behaviour, legal consequences, etc. Everyone understands that all alcohol related problems including alcohol addiction and alcohol abuse are dangerous, but despite the research and awareness about them, they are still common seen. The issue of alcohol abuse is now being observed even among teenagers these days.

Causes of Alcohol Abuse.

No one grows up wanting to deal with alcohol related problems. But alcohol, sometimes, creepily sneaks into an individual’s life. For many people, alcohol is introduced by peer pressure, prompting and poking to drink alcohol. In time, as they fall prey to this peer pressure, they lose the ability to control how and when they drink, and this type of alcohol abuse goes hand-in-hand with alcohol addiction. For some, alcohol consumption may begin as a remedy for some mental illness. But soon, over time, the habit of frequent over consumption of alcohol develops and their lives fall prey to the alcohol abuse and addiction disorder. And for a few people, alcohol abuse and alcoholism result from psychological or social factors, where they might consume a little too much to calm down and loosen up in some social occasion, or to forget or momentarily get rid of some stressful routine.

What is the symptoms of Alcohol Abuse?

. Some common symptoms observed include:

  • decreased involvement in extracurricular/physical activities
  • loss of interest in work life or school-life
  • depression
  • lack of interest in family or friends
  • restlessness
  • inability to say NO to alcohol
  • erratic/ violent behaviour
  • uncaring and outlaws type attitude

There are some long-term symptoms too, which include chronic fatigue, liver failure, cirrhosis, insomnia, chronic anxiety etc. Alcohol abuse can also result in brain damage which may even cause impairments to one’s working memory or visual abilities. It also causes impairment in one’s critical thinking, one’s ability to reason in stressful situations is compromised and shows many other visible neurotoxic effects.

Treatment of Alcohol Abuse.

The treatment for alcohol abuse focuses on helping one learn ways to control the disorder. Most people who recover from alcohol abuse must abstain from alcohol altogether because drinking moderately is too hard for them. Abstinence is often the only way to manage this disorder. In general, the recovery revolves around making one realise the ill-effects of alcohol abuse and one’s self motivated commitment towards curbing the habit. The recovery is a long process and includes therapy, learning new coping skills and healthier ways to manage stress. In countries like the USA, rehabilitation groups are made and regular rehab meetings are held where people become conscious of the ill-effects and realise the problem in order to abstain from alcohol on their own. There are no direct medicinal cures for this disorder and all depends on the individual’s will-power.

Prevention to avoid Alcohol Abuse.

Prevention is always better than cure and to prevent the problem of alcohol abuse we need to understand the reasons due to which people become alcohol abusers or addicts. It is found that alcohol abuse is more common at certain points of life. Males, college students, and people going through serious life events or trauma are more likely to become alcohol abusers; people who experience depression, loneliness, emotional stress or boredom tend to deal with their problems with alcohol and thus become alcohol abusers and alcohol addicts. Some measures already implemented are increased taxation of alcohol, strict regulation on alcohol advertising and fewer liquor stores. These are not perfect solutions to curb the problem. With better education about the matter, and thus having a families that don’t support alcohol consumption are definitely measures that can reduce the number of people suffering from the disorder of alcohol abuse. However, this problem it seems today, definitely can’t be eradicated wholly.

Withdrawal symptoms of Alcohol Abuse.

Like any other disorder, people suffering from alcohol abuse too face withdrawal symptoms when they don’t get alcohol for a while. Once they stop drinking, a part of their lifestyle seems to be missing, the routine seems to have been broken. Withdrawal symptoms include:

  • nausea
  • shaking, shivering and sweating simultaneously
  • irritability
  • anxiety

Sometimes when one acutely suffering from the disorder tries to abstain from alcohol, the withdrawal symptoms can be dangerous and may lead to a medical emergency. Such symptoms include:

If one has a long-term addiction to alcohol and alcohol abuse, a therapist or doctor must be consulted. In such cases, to quit alcohol, treatment should be carried out under proper guidance, and in a slow and step-wise manner.

Popular Questions & Answers

My go the gym 1 st has my gym tannier will injected my termin 30 mg and he will told me this is multivitamin then after 2 3 months I will know the real tried but the time I was addicted, around 6 to 7 months misuse the termin drug then I will struggle to quit but now I will decide to quit and recovery than problem facing on like depression insomnia& 10 kg weight lose.

MS - Counselling & Psychotherapy, Master of Arts In Clinical Psychology, Bachelor of Arts - Psychology & English Literature
Psychologist, Coimbatore
Hi lybrate-user! you must have been young at the time you took the injection from your gym trainer, going to gym at such a young age is not necessary, you are from delhi right, it is advisable to consult your family or your family doctor before ta...

My friend is addicted with drugs from last 1 and half year. Earlier he was taking little but now he is used to take drugs regularly. As he was taking feem, cigrate,alcohol. Earlier he used to take once in a day but now he is not controlling himself he increases his dose. As he take feem twice a day. Moreover cigrate twice a day and moreover he drink alcohol when he started drinking he is not controlling himself. He is upset due to which he was starting his dose. I just need your help how I can recover him as this is time he can control. He tried himself to control but when he starting controlling he gets loose motions and his stomach got upset and he also gets vomiting and his body start shivering due to which he take drugs and feel well. Can you please recommend me how can I treat him. As he do not want to discuss with his family we want to treat him only whenever he was out of his home. Can you please recommend us something useful and valid information I will be very thankful to you sir.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. Deaddiction therapy should helpI suggest telephonic counseling and online psychotherapy for you. You can contact me for further advice and treatment options. Let me kn...

I am take 200 ml alcohol at night regularly from last 25 years now I am like to away from alcohol but the problem is sleeplessness how can I get rid of in no time I am asked to pharmacy's for alprazolam 0.25 mg but they want prescription so. please prescribed any medicine which I will take without prescription please sir help me.

M.B.B.S, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ghaziabad
Please consult a nearby psychiatrist in person. It's a comprehensive treatment program for management of alcohol withdrawal and craving. Just taking some pills over the counter is not gonna help rather you may end up in trouble become dependent on...

I have a liver cirrhosis (early stage) and I have been taking liv-52 drugs. Can I combine the liv-52 with silybon drugs?

Liver Transplant, Surgical Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Abdominal Multi Organ Transplant Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Liv 52 does not help with liver cirrhosis. What helps is treating the cause .. that too in early stages of the liver disease.
1 person found this helpful

My father who is aged 56 having cirrhosis of liver. We got to know the same last year in june. We are dissatisfied with the allopathy. He is taking dytor plus 10 and inderal 20. But no improvement. He often becomes unconscious and senseless. Please suggest.

diploma in medicine and surgery, Certificate in advance course on Homoeopathy
Homeopathy Doctor, Howrah
Its a hard work, rather difficult to advice yet to minimize the suffering suggest you to apply one does carcinosin 200 one does and nat sulf 3x 3tabs bd hydrastis can q 6 drops bdpc but further advice needed more details if needed contact by libra...

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