Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments

Alcohol Abuse - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Alcohol Abuse?

Alcohol abuse differs from alcohol addiction, but they generally exist simultaneously. It is important to understand that alcohol abusers may not be addicted to alcohol, but when they consume it, it knows no boundaries. Alcohol abusers keep drinking alcohol continuously, regardless of the results. They may not indulge in alcohol consumption on a regular basis and may not suffer from any symptoms when not around alcohol. But they have no limits when they start drinking; they are typically heavy drinkers and end up losing control of their actions due to excessive alcohol intake. Alcohol abusers may eventually become addicted to it too.

Having a couple of drinks per day is considered as moderate drinking, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, the consumption of too much alcohol and not being able to limit the consumption is alcohol abuse and recognised as a very dangerous disorder. It is the root cause of many social and emotional problems, and if not curbed, a path to alcohol addiction. Alcohol abuse is a disruptive and life-threatening problem and associated with problems like drunk-driving, vandalism, violent behaviour, legal consequences, etc. Everyone understands that all alcohol related problems including alcohol addiction and alcohol abuse are dangerous, but despite the research and awareness about them, they are still common seen. The issue of alcohol abuse is now being observed even among teenagers these days.

Causes of Alcohol Abuse.

No one grows up wanting to deal with alcohol related problems. But alcohol, sometimes, creepily sneaks into an individual’s life. For many people, alcohol is introduced by peer pressure, prompting and poking to drink alcohol. In time, as they fall prey to this peer pressure, they lose the ability to control how and when they drink, and this type of alcohol abuse goes hand-in-hand with alcohol addiction. For some, alcohol consumption may begin as a remedy for some mental illness. But soon, over time, the habit of frequent over consumption of alcohol develops and their lives fall prey to the alcohol abuse and addiction disorder. And for a few people, alcohol abuse and alcoholism result from psychological or social factors, where they might consume a little too much to calm down and loosen up in some social occasion, or to forget or momentarily get rid of some stressful routine.

What is the symptoms of Alcohol Abuse?

. Some common symptoms observed include:

  • decreased involvement in extracurricular/physical activities
  • loss of interest in work life or school-life
  • depression
  • lack of interest in family or friends
  • restlessness
  • inability to say NO to alcohol
  • erratic/ violent behaviour
  • uncaring and outlaws type attitude

There are some long-term symptoms too, which include chronic fatigue, liver failure, cirrhosis, insomnia, chronic anxiety etc. Alcohol abuse can also result in brain damage which may even cause impairments to one’s working memory or visual abilities. It also causes impairment in one’s critical thinking, one’s ability to reason in stressful situations is compromised and shows many other visible neurotoxic effects.

Treatment of Alcohol Abuse.

The treatment for alcohol abuse focuses on helping one learn ways to control the disorder. Most people who recover from alcohol abuse must abstain from alcohol altogether because drinking moderately is too hard for them. Abstinence is often the only way to manage this disorder. In general, the recovery revolves around making one realise the ill-effects of alcohol abuse and one’s self motivated commitment towards curbing the habit. The recovery is a long process and includes therapy, learning new coping skills and healthier ways to manage stress. In countries like the USA, rehabilitation groups are made and regular rehab meetings are held where people become conscious of the ill-effects and realise the problem in order to abstain from alcohol on their own. There are no direct medicinal cures for this disorder and all depends on the individual’s will-power.

Prevention to avoid Alcohol Abuse.

Prevention is always better than cure and to prevent the problem of alcohol abuse we need to understand the reasons due to which people become alcohol abusers or addicts. It is found that alcohol abuse is more common at certain points of life. Males, college students, and people going through serious life events or trauma are more likely to become alcohol abusers; people who experience depression, loneliness, emotional stress or boredom tend to deal with their problems with alcohol and thus become alcohol abusers and alcohol addicts. Some measures already implemented are increased taxation of alcohol, strict regulation on alcohol advertising and fewer liquor stores. These are not perfect solutions to curb the problem. With better education about the matter, and thus having a families that don’t support alcohol consumption are definitely measures that can reduce the number of people suffering from the disorder of alcohol abuse. However, this problem it seems today, definitely can’t be eradicated wholly.

Withdrawal symptoms of Alcohol Abuse.

Like any other disorder, people suffering from alcohol abuse too face withdrawal symptoms when they don’t get alcohol for a while. Once they stop drinking, a part of their lifestyle seems to be missing, the routine seems to have been broken. Withdrawal symptoms include:

  • nausea
  • shaking, shivering and sweating simultaneously
  • irritability
  • anxiety

Sometimes when one acutely suffering from the disorder tries to abstain from alcohol, the withdrawal symptoms can be dangerous and may lead to a medical emergency. Such symptoms include:

If one has a long-term addiction to alcohol and alcohol abuse, a therapist or doctor must be consulted. In such cases, to quit alcohol, treatment should be carried out under proper guidance, and in a slow and step-wise manner.

Popular Health Tips

6 Ways How Alcohol Abuse Can Ruin Your Relationship

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
6 Ways How Alcohol Abuse Can Ruin Your Relationship
You may think that it is just a harmless drink or two at the end of the day to help you relax. it's just a few drinks when you get together with friends. or it's just that you need to get rid of the office stress. We all need to catch a break some...
4120 people found this helpful

Alcoholism Facts

MBBS, DPM (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Thrissur
Alcoholism Facts
Alcoholism Alcoholism Facts For many people, the facts about alcoholism are not clear. What is alcoholism, exactly? How does it differ from alcohol abuse? When should a person seek help for a problem related to his or her drinking? The National In...
5 people found this helpful

Alcohol And Liver!

Fellowship in Liver , Clinical hepatobiliary pancreatic surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Pune
The truth is, alcohol and your liver don t mix. For some people, consuming as little as one glass of wine or beer a day can cause liver problems to develop. If there s one thing that most people understand about the liver it s that it serves as th...
1 person found this helpful

Why You Should Take Alcohol Blackouts More Seriously

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Why You Should Take Alcohol Blackouts More Seriously
What happens to your brain when you get black out drunk? Have you ever awoken after a night of drinking and were clueless about what happened or what you did? Or have you ever been drinking and found yourself in a strange location but had no clue ...
9 people found this helpful

Avoid Alcoholism

MBBS, Apollo Hospitals
General Physician, Indore
How to avoid alcoholism Alcoholism can easily sneak up on you if you aren't careful. When your social life revolves around going to bars or there's a keg party every weekend, it's hard to keep things under control. Changing your routine and making...

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi there, can I crush naltima 50 mg tablets, weigh the product to desired mg required without any issues? I need low dose naltrexone.

DPM, MBBS, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), Faculty RACGP , Senior Resident Psychiatrist, Ex Inceptor RCPsych, Diploma in Psychological Medicine-DPM, MD, PhD
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
You can, but better to take a standard dose or stop it. Or go for sr inj once a month where you can take 50 or 25 or less on a monthly basis.

Hi, There is a new product lounge now days called alchorid. Is it safe to take? Can it prevent your liver from getting damaged due to alcohol.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Zirakpur
This is another anti oxidant put under proprietary brand. In my 35 years career in ayurved 35000 such products have come and gone but they are general in nature. Basic thing is to base treatment for cure or protection as per ayurved principles and...

Table of Content

What is Alcohol Abuse?
Causes of Alcohol Abuse.
What is the symptoms of Alcohol Abuse?
Treatment of Alcohol Abuse.
Prevention to avoid Alcohol Abuse.
Withdrawal symptoms of Alcohol Abuse.
Play video
Alcohol Addiction
Hi, I am Dr. Naresh Mishra, Psychologist. Me aaj apko alcohol addiction ke bare me btaunga. Sirf 10-15% log hi alcohol nhi lete hain. Myht hai ki alcohol addiction kaise bimari ho skti hai? Jaise BP, sugar, heart problems, breathing issues hain. I...
Play video
Alcoholic Liver Disease
Symptoms, causes, and treatment for Alcoholic Liver Disease Hi, This is Dr. Umesh Alegaonkar from Thane, Sampada Hospital. The topic of discussion is Chronic Alcoholic Liver Disease. As you know, that 95% of the cases of liver damage on earth is b...
Play video
Ill Effects of Alcohol
How alcohol affects liver and metabolism? Hello, friends, my name is Dr. Hanish Gupta. I am a General Physician working in Delhi at various major hospitals and having my own clinic by the name of Life Aid in Mayur Vihar Phase one. Today, I have co...
Play video
Impact Of Drug And Alcohol On Children
It has been observed that young people nowadays are consuming drugs and alcohol. It can have a huge impact on one's mental and physical health. Reasons for consumption can be either fun or imitating friends or at times to get rid of stress. Howeve...
Play video
Causes of Male and Female Infertility Hi friends, I m doctor Hema Parashar. I m ayurvedic gynecologist for Jay Hospital Najafgarh, New Delhi. I ll be discussing today Infertility which is very common. I won t be discussing all the topics of infert...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice