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Alcoholism - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Alcoholism?

Alcoholism which is also known as Alcohol Use Disorder is defined as an addiction to excessive consumption of alcohol. This addiction arises when a person is not able to control his/her drinking habits which may lead to consequences as severe as death. The very urge to drink takes such a high priority in a person’s mind that it represses all other commitments thereby resulting in a loss of esteem. It will not be inappropriate to say that alcoholism makes a person highly dependent on alcohol leading to severe damage to physical as well as mental health. This grievous issue is so extreme that even when people might be aware of the ill effects of alcohol consumption and the negative impacts it can have on their life, they cannot (or fail to) abstain themselves from its overuse. Alcoholism can have repercussions that can lead to complete destruction of personal well as professional life. People in the society tend to look down to alcohol addicts. These alcohol addicts also face continuous problems in their workplace and homes because of their incapability to cope up with daily tasks. This results in deterioration of mental well-being of people.

Causes of Alcoholism.

There can be various causes associated with continuous use of alcohol and may also be different for different individuals, although these reasons for many people might still be unknown, alcoholism has been to found to cause chemical changes in the brain. There is a sense of tranquility that gives pleasure to the mind upon consumption of alcohol. Some people might get addicted to this very state and consume more alcohol to gain the same. Other causes might include seeking relief from stress, or escaping from the reality of life (due to loss of dear ones, or a loss in business), or overcoming anxiety. But, the very basic of all reasons is the exposure to alcohol. When people, at a very early stage of life, are subjected to lifestyles where alcohol consumption is very common, they might end up getting used to it and start consuming it in large amounts. It may also happen that due to peer pressure teenagers develop the habit of drinking and face difficulties in overcoming it.

What is the symptoms of Alcoholism?

Following are the various symptoms of alcoholism:

  • Habitual sleeplessness
  • Fever
  • High blood pressure
  • Hallucination
  • Loss of appetite
  • More craving for alcohol
  • Loss of memory
  • Liver issues

Alcoholics are continually faced with the desire to drink more even when they don’t feel good about it. This may lead them to find secluded places and drink when alone so as to overcome the alternate effects of withdrawal like shaking, nausea, anxiety etc. They are forced with this uncontrollable urge to drink and reduce social connections where they often feel uncomfortable and hence resort to escape from the reality.

Treatment of Alcoholism.

There can be a mix of multiple treatments that can be sought by people suffering from alcohol use disorder. They can seek counselling so as to overcome it, as well as, go for medication as directed by a doctor. While medicines will help in gaining control over symptoms like shaking, or hallucinations etc. counselling will lead to changes in drinking patterns. Health professional and support groups run rehabilitation programs where people come for assistance so as to do away with alcohol consumption. They might even get motivated by listening to the stories of others who have been successful in doing so. Further, a doctor is required to monitor the alcohol consumption levels in the patient’s body over the treatment period and follow up to evaluate the overall health and other withdrawal symptoms.

Prevention to avoid Alcoholism.

Alcoholism is a serious issue and following steps can be taken for its prevention:

  • Education: People, especially children should be educated about the issue and its after-effects. Parents can work as role models for their children by strictly discouraging alcoholism.
  • Ban on advertisements: There should be a complete ban on advertisements that show/encourage consumption of alcohol because such acts might lay a bad impression on the minds of the innocents and lead them to indulge in consumption.
  • Government Policies: Many policies have been adopted by the government to ensure a society free from alcohol abuse. Such policies should be appreciated and accepted widely.

Withdrawal symptoms of Alcoholism.

It is necessary to be kept in mind that abrupt withdrawal from alcohol can lead to increase in stress levels, anxiety, insomnia etc. It disturbs the nervous system and should be handled cautiously. While these withdrawal symptoms tend to reduce gradually with the number of days, these symptoms can be severe and may even prove to be fatal because of increased side effects. Depending on every individual, alcohol withdrawal is supposed to have a timeline which may vary from one week to one month to a complete year. Thus, it is important to consult a doctor and detoxify as directed by him.

Popular Health Tips

Drinking bad for sexual health

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
Drinking bad for sexual health

Alcohol is a major source of erection problems. A number of people who are hooked on alcohol suffer from brewer`s droop which is a state of male flaccidity that unable people to get erection.

Apart from impairing your erection countless studies have shown that alcohol consumption is the major cause of unwise sex which leads to catching infections and STDs. It is true that alcohol can impair judgement and this means that a lot of young people mistake it as something that boost horniness but as is common knowledge you are less likely to enjoy alcohol induced sex as compared to sex while fully sober.

Researchers have found that too much alcohol affects both your brain and your penis. In a study conducted by University of Washington it was found that men who didn’t consume alcohol were able to achieve an erection more quickly than men who did. While some men were unable to have an erection altogether after consuming alcohol.

That`s because boozing before sex can lead to decreased flow to the penis and also reduces the intensity of your orgasm. It means that even if you are able to have sex after having alcohol you are unlikely to enjoy it as much.

It is important that alcohol consumption should be kept to a minimum as it impairs your ability to enjoy sex and also can cause health issues on sexual health in the short and long term.





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Popular Questions & Answers

Dear Sir, my brother is suffering a problem from Alcoholism from pass 5 years, kindly give a solution,

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Alcohol dependence is associated with significant physical, mental and social problems. Physically, there can be liver failure, jaundice, vomiting of blood, passing blood in stools, stomach ulcers, damage to nerves of the body, swelling of legs, fluid collection in abdomen, and many more. Mentally, there is irreversible brain damage, worsening of anxiety or depression, triggering of psychosis and mood disorders, dementia, etc. From a social point of view, there may be isolation from neighbors or family, increased abusive behavior to children or spouses, legal problems, accidents, etc. Anti craving medications are available which will help to reduce the craving. Consult a psychiatrist with experience in deaddiction.
2 people found this helpful

Hello, I wanted to know of I'm taking alcohol at night time is that correct to do workout next day in the morning, if I do workout any problems will occur.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
taking alcohol regularly is very harmful to health, and no way it helps un morning workout. Alcohol causes weakness of muscles and nerves only. good luck
1 person found this helpful

For how much time does alcohol stays in our blood. I have medical examination of navy. But I drunk on 5 march. So I want to know how much time alcohol stays in blood. After that only I will go for medical checkup. They will do alcohol test also. Please answer this. thanks.

md psychiatry , senior registerar, mbbs
Psychiatrist, Indore
Detection of blood alcohol after last drink is different in different individuals. As your weight is 49 kgs, it is likely to be cleared quickly from your body as you might be having a lean built. Detection of alcohol in urine and blood also depends on the amount of alcohol taken in the last intake. But it can be said that in most cases it will become undetectable after 72 hours of last drink. It is advised that you take plenty of fluids and avoid caffeine.
2 people found this helpful

Drinking beer of 3 glass is bad for health or not? Once in a week. Whether there is a side effect while drinking the beer. While drinking it burns. The affected area in the body how we can recover as a normal person.

MCh Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello, There are safe limits of drinking 3 glass once a week is fine. But you should restrict to social drinking and not get addicted to it. People with gastritis get aggravated with alcohol intake. Since alcohol is empty calories too frequent intake can cause liver damage and weight gain. Responsible drinking is acceptable.

My uncle take a lot of alcohol (everyday). Now his eyes look yellow and face swollen. Also stomach is coming out. Is this the case of worry? What should be done so that he will not drink anymore. please Help.

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy, PhD
Homeopath, Delhi
Hello' You should get an ultrasound whole abdomen and Liver function tests done to elicit the cause behind these signs of your uncle. Homoeopathic medicines are effective in de-addiction along with rehabilitation provided he is motivated enough to leave his dependence. Tc.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Alcoholism?
Causes of Alcoholism.
What is the symptoms of Alcoholism?
Treatment of Alcoholism.
Prevention to avoid Alcoholism.
Withdrawal symptoms of Alcoholism.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice