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Overview

Alcoholism - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Alcoholism?

Alcoholism which is also known as Alcohol Use Disorder is defined as an addiction to excessive consumption of alcohol. This addiction arises when a person is not able to control his/her drinking habits which may lead to consequences as severe as death. The very urge to drink takes such a high priority in a person’s mind that it represses all other commitments thereby resulting in a loss of esteem. It will not be inappropriate to say that alcoholism makes a person highly dependent on alcohol leading to severe damage to physical as well as mental health. This grievous issue is so extreme that even when people might be aware of the ill effects of alcohol consumption and the negative impacts it can have on their life, they cannot (or fail to) abstain themselves from its overuse. Alcoholism can have repercussions that can lead to complete destruction of personal well as professional life. People in the society tend to look down to alcohol addicts. These alcohol addicts also face continuous problems in their workplace and homes because of their incapability to cope up with daily tasks. This results in deterioration of mental well-being of people.

Causes of Alcoholism.

There can be various causes associated with continuous use of alcohol and may also be different for different individuals, although these reasons for many people might still be unknown, alcoholism has been to found to cause chemical changes in the brain. There is a sense of tranquility that gives pleasure to the mind upon consumption of alcohol. Some people might get addicted to this very state and consume more alcohol to gain the same. Other causes might include seeking relief from stress, or escaping from the reality of life (due to loss of dear ones, or a loss in business), or overcoming anxiety. But, the very basic of all reasons is the exposure to alcohol. When people, at a very early stage of life, are subjected to lifestyles where alcohol consumption is very common, they might end up getting used to it and start consuming it in large amounts. It may also happen that due to peer pressure teenagers develop the habit of drinking and face difficulties in overcoming it.

What is the symptoms of Alcoholism?

Following are the various symptoms of alcoholism:

  • Habitual sleeplessness
  • Fever
  • High blood pressure
  • Hallucination
  • Loss of appetite
  • More craving for alcohol
  • Loss of memory
  • Liver issues

Alcoholics are continually faced with the desire to drink more even when they don’t feel good about it. This may lead them to find secluded places and drink when alone so as to overcome the alternate effects of withdrawal like shaking, nausea, anxiety etc. They are forced with this uncontrollable urge to drink and reduce social connections where they often feel uncomfortable and hence resort to escape from the reality.

Treatment of Alcoholism.

There can be a mix of multiple treatments that can be sought by people suffering from alcohol use disorder. They can seek counselling so as to overcome it, as well as, go for medication as directed by a doctor. While medicines will help in gaining control over symptoms like shaking, or hallucinations etc. counselling will lead to changes in drinking patterns. Health professional and support groups run rehabilitation programs where people come for assistance so as to do away with alcohol consumption. They might even get motivated by listening to the stories of others who have been successful in doing so. Further, a doctor is required to monitor the alcohol consumption levels in the patient’s body over the treatment period and follow up to evaluate the overall health and other withdrawal symptoms.

Prevention to avoid Alcoholism.

Alcoholism is a serious issue and following steps can be taken for its prevention:

  • Education: People, especially children should be educated about the issue and its after-effects. Parents can work as role models for their children by strictly discouraging alcoholism.
  • Ban on advertisements: There should be a complete ban on advertisements that show/encourage consumption of alcohol because such acts might lay a bad impression on the minds of the innocents and lead them to indulge in consumption.
  • Government Policies: Many policies have been adopted by the government to ensure a society free from alcohol abuse. Such policies should be appreciated and accepted widely.

Withdrawal symptoms of Alcoholism.

It is necessary to be kept in mind that abrupt withdrawal from alcohol can lead to increase in stress levels, anxiety, insomnia etc. It disturbs the nervous system and should be handled cautiously. While these withdrawal symptoms tend to reduce gradually with the number of days, these symptoms can be severe and may even prove to be fatal because of increased side effects. Depending on every individual, alcohol withdrawal is supposed to have a timeline which may vary from one week to one month to a complete year. Thus, it is important to consult a doctor and detoxify as directed by him.

Popular Health Tips

How Alcohol Affects Your Sex Life?

Akhil Bharatiye Ayurveda, AKHIL BHARTIYE AYURVEDA
Sexologist, Delhi
How Alcohol Affects Your Sex Life?

Alchol can it affect your intimacy level with your partner, yes! But with this you might be wondering how can that be possible when you actually sustain yourself for long, maybe longer than you should be. It is probably the “whiskey penis”. Alcohol may give you a sense of elation at one point of time, but it is essentially a nervous depressant. The over consumption of alcohol mainly has a reduced effect on sensitivity for both men and women.

How alcohol affects sex life in men: The effect of alcohol on the sex life of men is immense. In most cases, chronic and acute cases of alcohol consumption have shown to reduce the production of testosterone in men. Since testosterone is the hormone that results in the increase in libido in men, the effects of alcohol really reduce the performance in men. It has shown to reduce pleasurability and it can also reduce the intensity of orgasms. Sometimes, it can cause difficulty in ejaculation or delayed ejaculation.


How alcohol affects sex life in women: Alcohol can have a very mixed effect on women in general. While it can increase sexual arousal and desire, it can also result in low sensitivity. Women have a higher percentage of fat as compared to water in their bodies, this means that alcohol has a more profound effect on their bodies as compared to that in men. Their bodies also take longer to process and eliminate the alcohol. While some women report a heightened sense of sexual arousal and an increase in the duration of the orgasm, a large number of women also complain of lesser lubrication.

Alcohol also has a psychological effect; that is the loss of inhibition that may help in developing carnal instincts when intoxicated. This psychological effect may have a more profound effect than the physiological effects as a result of which women might claim that alcohol does indeed help in better sex.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

 

2 people found this helpful

Drinking In A Controlled Manner - Is It Good?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Mumbai
Drinking In A Controlled Manner - Is It Good?

For long, there have been campaigns and discussions about the harmful effects and diseases associated with alcohol consumption. In most cases, it is not the alcohol, but the quantity consumed that affects a person. Limited consumption of alcohol can, in fact, work to your advantage. Alcohol, when consumed in moderation, helps to avert, check or improve many medical conditions and health ailments.

  1. Deal with common cold effectively: According to research, the antioxidants present in wine helps to fight common cold better. Limited intake of alcohol, red wine to be precise (~1-2 glasses per day), can, thus, help to reduce the instances of common cold significantly.
  2. Weight loss made easy: Studies conducted by the Oregon State University suggest that certain varieties red wine (the Red Muscadine Wine) can play a pivotal role in weight reduction. The Red Muscadine, a variety of wine grapes used to make red wine contains ellagic acid. It is this ellagic acid that helps to cease or slow down the growth and development of the fat cells. Red wine also helps to manage fatty liver effectively.
  3. Keep cardiovascular diseases at bay: The high-density lipoprotein (HDL), also known as the Good Cholesterol is indeed good for the body. It acts as a shield, keeping the heart hale and hearty. Moderate alcohol consumption helps to elevate the level of HDL. One of the main reasons attributing to heart attacks are the small blood clots that block the arteries of the brain, heart, and neck. Alcohol (limited intake) has been able to put a check in the formation of such blood clots.
  4. Reduced instances of cognitive impairment: Reports suggest that people who consume alcohol within limits are less likely to develop dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Moderate consumption tends to make the brain cells fit and more active, thus, enabling the cells to deal with stress and other related factors.
  5. A little wine for a better libido: Limited consumption of wine is good for a better sexual life. Research indicate that the antioxidants present in wine act as a catalyst, resulting in an improved libido (lowers the incidences of erectile dysfunction in men). A little wine can work wonders for women as well (increasing their sexual desires and feelings).
  6. Enjoy a diabetes-free life: Type 2 Diabetes and the associated ailments and complications can make life miserable. However, people who consume a small quantity of alcohol (preferably 1-2 glasses per day) are at a lower risk of developing diabetes (Type 2). A path-breaking finding indeed!

People with moderate alcohol consumption are also at a lower risk of developing gallstones. The high silicone content in beer helps to strengthen the bones, but only when consumed within limits. Beer is also rich in calcium, magnesium, and vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin).

Alcohol Vs Social Media - Which Is More Addictive In Nature?

PGDCA, BA-Psychology, MA-Psychology, Phd Understanding Mental Retardation
Psychologist, Ghaziabad
Alcohol Vs Social Media - Which Is More Addictive In Nature?

You might be feeling that spending time on any social media network is a simple way to pass time and is a common habit. But a recent study by University of Chicago Booth School of Business says that social networking sites can be more addictive, than alcohol. The desire to consume alcohol can be controlled and turned down, but the desire to check Facebook is simply uncontrollable for most people, and it’s a serious addiction.

About the study
The ground breaking study was done on 250 people in and around Germany aged between 18 and 85 years of age. They were sent messages at specific intervals to report their desires and cravings. It is found that most people had the desire to sleep and have sex during the day that they were able to control. But the desire for checking Facebook was much higher.

Reasons for Facebook addiction

  1. One of the major reasons is that availability of Facebook is much easier and higher than alcohol availability.
  2. Also, it is thought that the cost of checking Facebook is much less than consuming some amount of alcohol on a regular basis.
  3. Even if a man wants to resist his desire, but due to easy availability and lesser cost, he is prone to use it again and again.
  4. Alcohol consumption is prohibited in public and during office hours in many countries. But checking Facebook updates have no restrictions. People can check it whenever they feel the desire.
  5. The most shocking part is the urges drove the people to such an extent, that they couldn’t even resist themselves even if they wanted to do so.

Effects of Facebook addiction

  1. Drainage of time: No matter how good we feel while checking Facebook updates, can you deny that it’s simply a waste of time?
  2. Self esteem reduced: When you see your peers enjoying their life with flying colors, no wonder you will feel depressed. But we are reluctant to believe this fact, that nobody shows his tragic part of life on Facebook. So, whom you think is the happiest person in the world, may be the saddest and is drowned in his own miseries.

Remedy of this so called addiction
The study says that when we are much worn out, we are unable to control our desire and our will power is depleted.

So, if you find yourself posting your status on Facebook at the midnight instead of sleeping, then it is high time you should try to come out of this addiction and give yourself a better life and health.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2634 people found this helpful

Drinking bad for sexual health

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
Drinking bad for sexual health

Alcohol is a major source of erection problems. A number of people who are hooked on alcohol suffer from brewer`s droop which is a state of male flaccidity that unable people to get erection.

Apart from impairing your erection countless studies have shown that alcohol consumption is the major cause of unwise sex which leads to catching infections and STDs. It is true that alcohol can impair judgement and this means that a lot of young people mistake it as something that boost horniness but as is common knowledge you are less likely to enjoy alcohol induced sex as compared to sex while fully sober.

Researchers have found that too much alcohol affects both your brain and your penis. In a study conducted by University of Washington it was found that men who didn’t consume alcohol were able to achieve an erection more quickly than men who did. While some men were unable to have an erection altogether after consuming alcohol.

That`s because boozing before sex can lead to decreased flow to the penis and also reduces the intensity of your orgasm. It means that even if you are able to have sex after having alcohol you are unlikely to enjoy it as much.

It is important that alcohol consumption should be kept to a minimum as it impairs your ability to enjoy sex and also can cause health issues on sexual health in the short and long term.

         

 

 

 

26 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello, I wanted to know of I'm taking alcohol at night time is that correct to do workout next day in the morning, if I do workout any problems will occur.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
taking alcohol regularly is very harmful to health, and no way it helps un morning workout. Alcohol causes weakness of muscles and nerves only. good luck
1 person found this helpful

For how much time does alcohol stays in our blood. I have medical examination of navy. But I drunk on 5 march. So I want to know how much time alcohol stays in blood. After that only I will go for medical checkup. They will do alcohol test also. Please answer this. thanks.

md psychiatry , senior registerar, mbbs
Psychiatrist, Indore
Detection of blood alcohol after last drink is different in different individuals. As your weight is 49 kgs, it is likely to be cleared quickly from your body as you might be having a lean built. Detection of alcohol in urine and blood also depends on the amount of alcohol taken in the last intake. But it can be said that in most cases it will become undetectable after 72 hours of last drink. It is advised that you take plenty of fluids and avoid caffeine.
2 people found this helpful

Drinking beer of 3 glass is bad for health or not? Once in a week. Whether there is a side effect while drinking the beer. While drinking it burns. The affected area in the body how we can recover as a normal person.

MCh Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello, There are safe limits of drinking 3 glass once a week is fine. But you should restrict to social drinking and not get addicted to it. People with gastritis get aggravated with alcohol intake. Since alcohol is empty calories too frequent intake can cause liver damage and weight gain. Responsible drinking is acceptable.

My father has a bad habit of drinking alcohol. He drinks too much alcohol. It's been more than 20 years he is addicted to alcohol and drinks everyday. Sometimes its normal but sometimes I don't know what happens to him he began to take much more amount of alcohol everyday like 1 or more bottle. I have also tried Ayurveda medicines like No addiction and addiction free but no big results were seen. We gave him in food without knowing him. Whenever he decreases the quantity of alcohol or quit alcohol for some time like for 1-2 weeks he can't sleep properly and become kinda depressed. But most of the time he drinks regularly everyday from the beginning of the day and sometimes he exceeds the limit too much that it becomes difficult for him to remain without alcohol. Please help. He is not ready to take any medicine nor treatment in any center. Our family is too depressed. We tried everything to make them understand but it doesn't make difference for him. All he wanted is to drink till his death. He is more than 50 years old.

Post Graduate Diploma in Healthcare Management(PGDHM), PGDCC - Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Cardiology, MBBS, DNB (PSYCHIATRY)
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Dear your father is suffering from alcohol dependence. Apart from dependence and craving, he has developed tolerance ,so he needs high amount to achieve the same psychological effect. He needs proper treatment for deaddiction and plus motivational enhancement therapy to help him stay abstinent. You need to talk to some psychiatrist for same ,the one who can plan holistic treatment for deaddiction. Hope it helps you.

Hi. Today I read about the benefits of red wine. I'm in my 40's now. I've not taken any alcohol content so far. In that case if I take red wine will it affect. By seeing its benefits if I have to take how much quantity I can take. Like 1tsp or 2 tsps. Need your guidance. Thank you.

MD-Psychiatry, MBBS, Certificate in Medical Neuroscience
Psychiatrist, Akola
Red wine in quantities Not exceeding 30 ml per day can be beneficial for heart. But due to its high addiction potential, walking 2-3 km daily, eating a calories restricted diet is found to be as good as & cheaper, addiction free, safer option to red wine.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Alcoholism?
Causes of Alcoholism.
What is the symptoms of Alcoholism?
Treatment of Alcoholism.
Prevention to avoid Alcoholism.
Withdrawal symptoms of Alcoholism.
Play video
Alcoholic Liver Disease
Symptoms, causes, and treatment for Alcoholic Liver Disease


Hi, This is Dr. Umesh Alegaonkar from Thane, Sampada Hospital. The topic of discussion is Chronic Alcoholic Liver Disease.

As you know, that 95% of the cases of liver damage on earth is because of alcohol and over intake of alcohol. Usually, it is defined as alcoholic diseases when a person suffers from the diseases of liver related illnesses and consumes more than 80 grams of alcohol or 240 ml of alcohol every day for at least five years. In the case of women, this amount gets little lower, it's 50 grams of alcohol daily for five years. Usually, the liver failures manifest in terms of increase in weight gain, jaundice, irrelevant speech, a decrease in night sleep, day time sleep pattern alters, decrease in appetite, increase in your abdominal girth. It is usually very late to diagnose the chronic liver disease because of the alcoholism, usually, the patients are into the denial mode, and the sonographic features may not be able to reveal the intensity of the liver diseases.

The newer technology like the Fibroscan can definitely give an early indication of the liver damages that has happened because of the alcohol intake. Apart from the history of the alcohol intake, the patient can simply opt for Elastography which is the finest diagnostic tool available nowadays in any of the diagnostic centers. Depending on the share value, we can judge the severity of the liver damage because of alcohol. Of course, the liver transplant is the golf standard treatment when the liver is completely damaged, but the need for the liver transplant goes into declining mode as the person quits alcohol, it decreases by and large the survival rate from the day of abstinence of alcohol is more than 30%. So if we consider that 30% of the life span of a person when he leaves alcohol considering the liver damage costing nowadays are around 30-35 lac rupees. We can estimate the amount of money which can be saved by just remaining away from alcohol.

Apart from that, liver damage recommends multiple tests such as blood test, urine test and ultimately the huge socio-economic burden needs to be evaluated just because of alcohol giving trouble not only in the family but also in the society. A simple measure by lessening your alcohol intake or abstaining from alcohol may be a fair idea but it is not recommended at all when a person gets to know the liver has roughly damaged because of the alcohol. Now, that day onwards, he has to abstain from alcoholism.

For any other further alcohol related or liver damage inquiries, please contact on lybrate.com
Play video
Ill Effects of Alcohol
How alcohol affects liver and metabolism?

Hello, friends, my name is Dr. Hanish Gupta. I am a General Physician working in Delhi at various major hospitals and having my own clinic by the name of Life Aid in Mayur Vihar Phase one. Today, I have come to discuss with you very important topic of the bad effects of alcohol on our liver.

We all know that liver is the primary organ in the body that deals with metabolism and metabolism is the process by which we digest food, we assimilate it in our body and also eliminate the toxins that come with it. Fortunately for us liver is the organ that takes care of all these toxins. All the bad things that collect in our body because of our bad eating habits or drinking habits, the liver is the organ that helps us eliminate those toxins and keeps us healthy. Alcohol is one such toxin.

We may have a good time with alcohol drinking with our friends whether socially or by our own conception but at the end of the day alcohol is and will remain a very important toxin in the body that needs to be eliminated. Liver is the organ that does that. Unfortunately some people they don't realize the delicate balance of alcohol and liver if we take alcohol in moderation then liver gets the ample time to eliminate it from the body and metabolize it but if we keep on taking it regularly and in very high amount then liver becomes overburdened in eliminating. This toxin out of the body what happens is that liver starts to store the excess alcohol because it does not have enough time or power to eliminate. It is the excess alcohol that starts to get collected in the liver cells and because of this excess accumulation of alcohol in the liver cells they start to bloat up and the first stage of liver damage begins.

At this stage if a person who has started to become dependent on alcohol stops taking alcohol then all the bad effects of alcohol they get reversed as far as the liver mousse but if unfortunately somebody continues to take alcohol despite the good advice of his doctor then liver starts to undergo permanent damage and may become shrunken in a very short span of time. This is the problem with liver once it starts shrinking the permanent damage has already been done which is known cirrhosis of liver which is actually an irreversible damage to the live.

So friends my nice advice to you is that you want to take alcohol always remember the delicate balance between alcohol intake and your liver metabolism. If you go by this principle then you will have a very healthy life which is going to be too thanks for listening in. I hope that you connect with me again on liberate online consults or have the sweet opportunity of visiting my clinic at Delhi. Thank you very much.
Play video
Impact Of Drug And Alcohol On Children
It has been observed that young people nowadays are consuming drugs and alcohol. It can have a huge impact on one's mental and physical health. Reasons for consumption can be either fun or imitating friends or at times to get rid of stress. However considering the consequences , parents must be cautious regarding such habits if at all they feel their children are getting used to the same.
Play video
Lifestyle Diseases
There are many such lifestyle diseases which can be controlled by making certain simple changes in lifestyle. Risk of heart disease, stroke, obesity, diabetes and arthritis can be controlled to a great extent if one avoids alcohol , smoking and drugs.
Play video
Know More About Addiction
Hello, I am Dr. Milind Barhate, psychiatrist practicing in Varli and Mumbai area. Now we discuss about the addiction.

Addiction is a disease and it is different from other disease. Most of the people believe that addiction is the only habit. They do not accept that it's a disease. Most of the other disease patient accept whatever this is, whether it is fever, malaria dengu, heart problem, diabetes, problem cancer etc. Patient accepts and go for the treatment. But in case of addiction, patient believes that he/she is normal. Even after there is a liver problem or because of addiction multiple problems arises. Some people requires only one quarter at night to fall asleep, it's not his problem and that's why they do not get it treated and it's a common issue.

Addiction now is increasing. Initially people goes for only alcohol, tobacco, smoking. Nowadays teenagers and children are getting drug addicted like Kaname, Ganja marijuana, charas, brown sugar and cocaine etc. Chemical addiction is also common addiction of the medicines or tablets or syrup.

So addiction is a disease it affects your brain and your body. After certain period of time, your brain and body gets dependent on such substance and because of this reason people generally take the substance repeatedly. There is a change in your brain. Chemical changes occur that causes impulsive inability, frustration, depression, psychosis, a lot of mood changes. In addition to it, it affects everywhere. It affects your body from brain to toe. When it affects your brain it causes lot of diseases like dementia, seizures. When it affects your lung it causes bronchitis lung diseases. When it affects your liver it also affects your liver for the coc's or cancer of the liver, or vomiting of the blood. It also causes blood pressure, diabetes, hypertension, heart problems and erectile dysfunction, reducing sperm count, reducing weight and appetite. It also causes change in behavior, change in sexual behavior, change in sleep and at appetite and also changing driving.

Because of addiction the chances of an accident can increase. It also affects your family also. We'd also affect at occupation also, at your economy also. So it affects almost all parts of your life like body, family, at occupation, at your economy social life and spiritual life. So it's a disease, but different from other diseases, and it may harm oe's life severely. Still the person believes that he is okay. It becomes habit and because of this attitude, most of the patients left untreated which ultimately end up to late stage for the treatment. They come with the mouth cancer and that stage even after if you stop the alcohol, it may ultimately result death. There is a treatment available for it. Treatment is little bit difficult and different from other diseases. So medicines are important to treat the problem.

There are medicines to control the withdrawal features. There are a medicine for sleeping problems, the treatment for constipation is also available as most of the tobacco smokers they're suffering from constipation. Early morning they do not get the pressure. That's why they are regularly taking tobacco and alcohol. Tobacco and smoking, so there are medicines for that problem. Tension and even if you are suffering from anxiety, depression or psychosis there is a medicine. Some anti craving medicines are also there to control your mood and craving for substance.

At the same time along with medicines, family counseling, accounting also necessary. Individual counseling also necessary. Social counseling also available for alcoholism. Alcoholic for Drugs Narcotics Anonymous is there, if a person takes a treatment for a longer time. If we take it, it went for only one day, there is no chance. If we took a treatment for one month, there is a little chance and if it continued treatment for 1 year, he's having 25 percent of the chances to come out from the alcohol or drugs. At the same time if he continues the medicines, counseling and social counseling and social support, family support for the longest, wait more than five years there are chances more than eighty percent to come out of this problem. Its lifelong business. There are well known relapses. Even after stopping for alcohol or drugs for five years or ten years there are chances of relapses. The long treatment is needed to prevent the relapses. Cure is not possible treatment because it is a disease of personality. When we counsel the patient, when we are doing individual counseling, we enforce the patient initially, we tell the patients about the disease model and and to make them accept so that they can overcome through it.

Alcoholism and drug is a disease. After accepting, the second part is to identify the character defect, because alcoholism and drug is not a major problem, the major problem is character, habit and a behavior. So second stage is to identify that character defect or behavior deface leading to addiction. After identifying that character defects, we focus that character defect and we work on that with the help of small step program and as the time continues if the patient is ready and motivated to work on it, there are the good chances to come out from this situation. The only thing is, first admit that you are an addict. Second come forward for a treatment and be patient for a longer treatment.

For more information you can contact me on lybrate.com from Dr. milind Barhate. Thank you.
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