The health benefits of fenugreek are - reduces inflammation inside the body, maintain healthy testosterone levels, improves digestive problems, improves cholesterol level , promotes milk flow in breast feeding, controls blood sugar and diabetes, increases appetite, improves exercise performance.
Fenugreek is an annual plant in the family Fabaceae, with light green leaves and small white flowers, it consists of seed pods containing 10-20 small, yellow-brown, flat, pungent, aromatic seeds, which have a somewhat bitter taste. Fenugreek is commonly known as – Greek hay.
Fenugreek consists of protein, fats, carbohydrate, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin E, vitamin K, Ribo flavin, Thiamin, folate, niacin, sugars, fibres and water.
Fenugreek helps with inflammation within the body, such as: mouth ulcers, boils, bronchitis, infection of the tissues beneath the surface of the skin, tuberculosis, chronic coughs, cancer, kidney ailments. Fenugreek was discovered to have medicinal qualities, including management of metabolic and nutritive disorders such as diabetes. Fenugreek leads to slow absorption of sugars in the stomach and stimulate insulin. It is said to break up stuck energies and cool inflammation within the body. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant property of fenugreek fights inflammation.
Some fenugreek uses for men include treating hernias, erectile dysfunction and other male problems, such as baldness. That’s because fenugreek may increase sexual arousal and testosterone levels. Supplements produced from fenugreek have been shown to increase sexual desire and performance in men, as well as naturally remedy impotence. According to studies it is found that that fenugreek extract had a significant influence on sexual arousal, energy and stamina and helped participants maintain normal testosterone levels.
For those suffering from stomach ailments, fenugreek can be a boon. It is an effective treatment for gastritis and indigestion. It helps prevent constipation as well as digestive problems created by stomach ulcers. This is because it is a natural digestive tonic, and its lubricating properties help soothe your stomach and intestines.
Research has proven that fenugreek seeds help to lower the cholesterol level, especially the ‘bad’ cholesterol or LDL in our body. Fenugreek seeds have a flavonoid named naringenin that lowers the lipid levels in those with high cholesterol.
Fenugreek also helps breastfeeding women who may experience low milk supply. Fenugreek can increase a woman’s breast milk supply because it acts as a galactagogue, which is a substance to increase milk supply. This stimulates the milk ducts and can increase milk production in as little as 24 hours.
Diabetics are often recommended to include fenugreek seeds in their diet because of the positive effects they can have on their health. Studies conducted on the effect of fenugreek seeds on type 2 diabetes have produced favorable results. It was found that fenugreek seeds help control blood sugar and decrease insulin resistance.
Beyond enhancing flavor, fenugreek has been shown to increase appetite, which results in restorative and nutritive properties. According to studies and investigations it is showed that chronic oral administration of the fenugreek extract significantly increased food intake and the motivation to eat. The report also indicated, however, that the treatment does not prevent anorexia nor the decreased motivation to eat. In cases of anorexia nervosa, intake of 250 to 500 milligrams of fenugreek up to three times a day, but it may not be safe for children — so with any medication or natural treatments, check with your doctor first.
The Journal of Sports Science and Medicine reports a study of the effects of combined creatine and fenugreek extract supplementation on strength and body composition in men. Fenugreek leads to significant increases in lean mass, bench press and leg press strength. Fenugreek extract supplementation had a significant impact on upper body strength and body composition as effectively as the combination of creatine with dextrose. The use of fenugreek with creatine supplementation may be an effective means for enhancing creatine uptake while eliminating the need for excessive amounts of simple carbohydrates, and thus one should consider adding fenugreek to your list of best foods for athletes.
Fenugreek extracts are can be found in soaps and cosmetics. Fenugreek is used as a herb (dried or fresh leaves), spice (seeds), and vegetable (fresh leaves, sprouts, and micro greens). Sotolon is the chemical responsible for fenugreek's distinctive sweet smell. Cuboid-shaped, yellow- to amber-coloured fenugreek seeds are frequently encountered in the cuisines of the Indian subcontinent, used both whole and powdered in the preparation of pickles, vegetable dishes dal, and spice mixes such as panch phoron and sambar powder. They are often roasted to reduce bitterness and enhance flavour in cooking.
Fenugreek is native to southern Europe, the Mediterranean region and Western Asia. Major fenugreek-producing countries are Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh , Iran, Argentina, Egypt, Spain, France, Turkey, and Morocco. The largest producer is India. Fenugreek production in India is concentrated in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttarakhand , Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Haryana, and Punjab.
It is best grown in both tropics as well as temperate regions, receiving moderate or low rainfall. It is best grown on a wide variety of soil, but clayey loam is relatively better with pH ranging between 6 -7.