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Hyperthyroidism - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is a medical condition where the thyroid glands (a butterfly shaped gland situated in the front region of your neck) start producing excessive hormones. The thyroid gland facilitates metabolism by the release of two types of hormones called triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4). Treating overactive thyroid can also treat hyperthyroidism.

Causes of hyperthyroidism:

  • Some medical conditions contribute to hyperthyroidism such as Graves’ disease which is an autoimmune disease that stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete excessive hormones. This is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.
  • It can also be caused due to excessive iodine in the body, thyroiditis (inflammation in the thyroid glands), cysts or tumors of the testes (male) or ovaries (female) benign tumors of the pituitary gland or thyroid, consumption of excessive amounts of a hormone called tetraiodothyronine taken through diet supplements.
  • In severe cases, the thyroid gland can start to swell into a goiter which can be one-sided or symmetrical. Some symptoms which require immediate medical attention include irregular & fast heart rate, loss of consciousness, shortness of breath and dizziness. Sometimes, hyperthyroidism can also cause artial fibrillation which can lead to congestive heart failure and strokes.

How is hyperthyroidism diagnosed?

A physical exam and a medical history is your first step in diagnosing hyperthyroidism. The specialist can also diagnose it by checking common signs like enlarged thyroid glands, protruding eyes, higher than normal blood pressure, rapid pulse and immense weight loss. Other tests such as cholesterol tests, thyroid stimulating hormone level test (the test results should be lower if the thyroid levels are high or normal, a very low test can be a sure sign of hyperthyroidism), Triglyceride test (low triglycerides can be a sign of high metabolic rates), thyroid uptake and scan, ultrasound (measures the entire size of the thyroid gland and masses within the glands), MRI and CT scans.


Hyperthyroidism can be medically treated by the following ways:

  • Medications- Medicines such as methimazole are prescribed to cure hyperthyroidism. This medicine prevents the thyroid glands from making excessive hormones.
  • Radioactive iodine- This destroys the cells that produce thyroid hormones. Side effects of radioactive iodine therapy include change in taste, sore throat, dry eyes and dry mouth. The radiations might spread to others so proper precautions should be taken for a few days.
  • Surgery- This is considered in severe cases, all or just a section of your thyroid gland is surgically removed and hormone supplements need to be taken to bring the thyroid levels back to normal. This treatment is affective to generally a lot of people.
Graves disease
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Non communicable
Increased appetite Nervousness Restlessness Not being able to concentrate Irregular heartbeat Not being able to sleep Weakness

Popular Health Tips

Tips To Manage Hyperthyroidism Naturally!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine, DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Panchkula
Tips To Manage Hyperthyroidism Naturally!

A medical condition that is characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, as a result of which excessive quantities of the thyroxin hormone are secreted, befits the description of hyperthyroidism. As part of the disorder, the patients may experience rapid weight loss, swelling at the lower-end of the neck, tiredness, sleeping troubles, irregularities in heartbeat, nervousness, and undue perspiration. You may treat yourself with natural remedies when diagnosed with hyperthyroidism. However, you must work as per your doctor’s suggestion for treating the disorder. You must avoid self-medication for averting the risk of medical complications. The following are some of the ways by which hyperthyroidism can be managed naturally:

  1. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fats are required in the body for maintaining the health of the immune system and cellular structure. Also, they improve the body’s ability to regulate the thyroid-related hormones. If you are deficient in these nutrients, there is a possibility of suffering from hormonal imbalance, with the inclusion of the thyroid hormones. Therefore, adding foods that rich in the omega-3 fatty acids is beneficial for hyperthyroidism patients. For bridging the nutritional deficiency gap, you should consider adding grass-fed animal-based foods, fish, walnuts, and flaxseeds to your dietary regime.
  2. Broccoli: Consuming broccoli is advisable for you during the hyperthyroidism treatment period because the food has substances such as goitrogens and isothiocyanates that restrict the thyroid gland from secreting excessive hormones. Consider adding the uncooked variety of broccoli to your diet for recovering in a timely manner from the disorder. Other vegetables that are part of the cruciferous family of vegetables and beneficial for hyperthyroidism victims include radish, kale, mustard greens, turnips, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and rutabaga.
  3. Antioxidants: Antioxidants are nutrients that are needed in the body for fighting the free radicals that cause oxidative stress and a host of bodily disorders. There is a link between the heightened levels of thyroid hormones and free-radical damage as well as oxidative stress. You should add antioxidants in the diet to enable the body to counter the injurious elements. Consider the addition of fresh fruits and vegetables such as bell peppers, squash, tomatoes, grapes, and berries for enjoying their goodness with respect to their rich antioxidant value. Foods that are sources of nutritional compounds such as magnesium, selenium, vitamin E, beta-carotene, and vitamin C can help you get the required doses of antioxidants.
  4. Proteins: The intake of protein-rich foods is known to benefit hyperthyroidism patients because they increase muscle mass and strength. This is vital for recovery because your muscles tend to become supple due to an overactive thyroid gland. To get more protein in your diet, you can add one to two tablespoons of whey protein powder to your smoothies before gulping the drink. Moreover, you can increase the consumption of proteins through the intake of plant-based proteins such as yogurt, nuts, beans, seeds, and nut butter. The intake of animal-based proteins, including eggs, the cold water varieties of fish and lean meats, are advisable as well.
  5. Sea Vegetables: To normalize the functioning of the thyroid gland, the addition of sea vegetables in your diet is recommended because of their iodine-rich nature. The iodine is helpful for restoring thyroid health. Sea-based vegetables such as kombu, sea palm, arame, hijiki, and nori can be added to the diet to recuperate from hyperthyroidism. Also, these vegetables improve your overall health as they are sources of other nutrients such as folates, calcium, the B-complex group of vitamins, iron, and magnesium.

As a part of your hyperthyroidism treatment, you can include berries, Indian gooseberry, and cabbage to your diet as well. They have a favorable effect on the thyroid gland and support the health of the endocrine system. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2107 people found this helpful

Thyroid - Know How It Can Mess Up Your Mensuration Cycle!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Thyroid - Know How It Can Mess Up Your Mensuration Cycle!

Irregular periods and menstrual cycle disturbances are common in almost 30% women due to several reasons, and thyroid disorders one among them. Most women may not realize that their menstrual cycle is closely related to the proper functioning of their thyroid gland. Any irregularities in your menstrual cycle might be caused due to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism and knowing the symptoms will help you seek the help of an expert to treat the condition.

Severe premenstrual syndrome
Most women experience a premenstrual syndrome or PMS, a week or 10 days before their period starts. When the woman is suffering from thyroid disorders, this syndrome becomes severe. The common symptoms include bloating and fluid retention, tenderness in breasts, fatigues, insomnia, headaches, cramps, food cravings, tension, irritability, anxiety, depression, trouble in concentrating and many more. These symptoms are magnified when she is suffering from hypothyroidism.

Conditions that affect menstrual cycle

  1. Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is caused when you have an underactive thyroid, and it is a common disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland fails to produce adequate thyroid hormone. Several menstrual irregularities are associated with hypothyroidism. They are:
  2. Early menstruation: The average age of menarche or the first onset of a period is 12. But a girl suffering from hypothyroidism can experience menstruation as early as the age of 10.
  3. Heavy menstrual periods: A woman can suffer from menorrhagia or heavy periods if she has hypothyroidism. Under this condition, the woman can experience heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding.
  4. Frequent menstrual periods: Hypothyroidism causes periods to occur more frequently, mainly at a gap of 21 days instead of the usual 28-day cycle.
  5. Longer menstrual periods: While a menstrual period lasts for an average of 5 days, hypothyroidism patients will have their periods lasting longer than 6 days.
  6. Painful menstrual periods: Dysmenorrhea is the term used to describe painful menstrual periods. This includes backaches, menstrual cramps, headache, and stomachache along with other symptoms.
  7. Hyperthyroidism: It is a condition caused due to the excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland. An undiagnosed and improperly managed hyperthyroidism can cause several menstrual irregularities, such as 
    • Late menstruation: A female suffering from an untreated hyperthyroidism will experience her puberty at a late age of 15 or older compared to the average 12 years.
    • Lighter menstrual periods: The periods experienced by hyperthyroidism patients are lighter than the usual.
    • Short Menstrual periods: While the average time span of a period is 5 days, hyperthyroidism patients will have a period span of 3 days or lower.
    • Sporadic menstrual cycle: Hyperthyroidism patients suffer from oligomenorrhea, where they experience a strange and irregular menstrual cycle. The period may skip one or even two months and then resume again or come every 35 to 40 days.

When there is an irregularity in menstruation for more than 6 months, it becomes important to consult your physician to know the cause behind it and follow the appropriate treatment procedure. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2606 people found this helpful

Hyperthyroidism - Possible Health Problems It Can Cause!

PGP In Diabetologist, Fellowship in Non-Invasive Cardiology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Hyperthyroidism - Possible Health Problems It Can Cause!

Every organ of the human body has a set of functions that it does perfectly until the entire system is normal. And, when things are not normal, the disruption can be felt in several parts of the body.
The thyroid is a classic example, as you suffer from the condition, several body functions are affected. Hyperthyroidism is the thyroid disorder that occurs when the thyroid produces excessive hormones. Hormones produced by thyroid gland regulate the body’s metabolism; hence, it is quite obvious that hyperthyroidism will increase several metabolic functions of the body.

Following is an account that gives a brief overview of the systems and functions affected in the body due to underlying hyperthyroidism:

  1. Heart Health: The cardiovascular system reacts to even little disturbances, and in the case of an overactive thyroid, the person may experience increased heart rate, hand tremors, and palpitation. The increased heart rate may result in anxiety.
  2. Reproductive system: Women affected by hyperthyroidism may face fertility issues due to irregularity in the menstrual flow. You may have lighter or irregular periods and may have difficulty conceiving. The thyroid hormone plays a significant role in embryonic development, and hence a thyroid disorder can be the cause of a miscarriage. Also, an overactive thyroid can result in preterm delivery, pre-eclampsia, heart failure in the newborn, growth restriction, and stillbirth.
  3. Bone health: Hyperthyroidism or the low TSH levels can lead to a lifetime risk of bone fractures. This may not reverse even after the hyperthyroidism is cured.
  4. Cholesterol levels: While hypothyroidism elevates the cholesterol levels, hyperthyroidism has an exactly opposite effect. An overactive thyroid may decrease the cholesterol levels to alarmingly low level, thus taking medications to treat hyperthyroidism become crucial.
  5. Skin: A person with hyperthyroidism may experience several symptoms on the skin. Due to excessive metabolism the body heat increases which result in the skin becoming warm or hot to touch. Also, the skin can become thin and delicate, and gets excessively dry. The skin on some parts of the body can become hyperpigmented.
  6. Weight loss: Thyroid hormones are responsible for regulating metabolism, and when they are over-produced, the body’s metabolism is accelerated thus resulting in significant weight loss. This is one of the classic symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Since hyperthyroidism also increases appetite, some people may end up gaining weight instead of losing it.
  7. Excessive sweatingWhen the body processes speed up, the person suffering from hyperthyroidism will experience excessive sweating as well.
  8. Anxiety and InsomniaAs an overactive thyroid activates the entire body processes higher than normal, the nervous system also becomes more active. An accelerated nervous system may cause anxiety and eventually lead to sleeplessness. In fact, anxiety and insomnia aggravate each other.
  9. Increased bowel movements: Again, an increased production of thyroid hormone may accelerate your bowel movements. Sometimes, this may result in diarrhea as well.

So, the ideal way to deal with the situation is to seek medical attention as soon as you notice the common symptoms such as fatigue, lack of tolerance to cold or unexplained weight gain to avoid the complications involved.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2747 people found this helpful

Is Your Thyroid Gland Working Against Your Body?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, Certification In Diabetes
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Is Your Thyroid Gland Working Against Your Body?

Thyroid is a small gland situated in front of the neck and secretes hormones like thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3). These hormones control various functions of our body like heart, blood pressure, digestion, metabolism, growth, blood formation, brain function etc. Any fluctuation in the functioning of the thyroid gland can have a great impact on health. The thyroid gland is primarily responsible for energy and metabolism. This gland triggers the genes that make all the cells in the body conduct their specific jobs. But over a period of time, the optimum functioning of the thyroid may reduce because of specific reasons. The gland may start to under-produce or overproduce the thyroid hormone, which may lead to conditions known as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, respectively.

  • Patients with hypothyroidism may feel extreme tiredness and fatigue even though they may be sleeping more than before. An unexplained gain in weight, constipation, inability to stand cold temperatures, and constant pain in muscles and joints are some of the other symptoms of hypothyroidism.
  • Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, is an endocrine disorder. Patients with this disorder may experience excessive sweating, fatigue, and intolerance to heat. They may even experience restlessness, puffy or protruded eyes, hair loss, and muscle weakness. Such patients may lose weight and are unable to sleep properly at night. In some cases, palpitations or abnormal heart rhythm may also be experienced.

Complications of Thyroid Disorder

Hypothyroid and hyperthyroid can cause a number of complications if patients don’t take medications. It is important for you to not to ignore any of the aforementioned symptoms and speak to your doctor as soon as possible.

Hypothyroid complications

  • Myxedema: This condition is characterized by slowed thinking, swelling of tissues, and accumulation of fluid around major organs like brain, lungs and/or heart. This condition may prove life-threatening if not treated on time.
  • Enlarged goiter: This is characterized by enlargement of the thyroid gland because of a constant increase in the TSH levels. High cholesterol and triglycerides: This may eventually pave way for heart disease and stroke.
  • Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea is a disorder that affects nighttime breathing where the brain that temporarily stops sending signals to the muscles that control breathing, or by an obstruction in the airway. This may prove fatal if left untreated.
  • Low blood pressure: This means not enough blood is getting to capillaries and tissues, particularly in your hands, feet, and brain. You may have chronic nail fungal infections and cold hands and feet if so.

Hyperthyroid complications

  • Heart disorders (cardiac arrest): If left untreated, excess thyroid hormones can lead to congestive heart failure and heart rhythm disorders.
  • Osteoporosis: Too much thyroid hormones interfere with the body’s ability to use calcium to build bone. This may lead to brittle bones and osteoporosis.
  • Thyrotoxic crisis: This is a rare yet life-threatening complication characterized by high fever, vomiting, irregular heartbeat, and agitation.
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure: It is a condition in which a patient has high blood force striking the walls of the artery An early diagnosis can help make the treatment of this disorder easier.

Depending on the condition of the thyroid condition, it requires different ways to manage it. The conventional TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) and T-4 (thyroxine) blood tests will be advised and the results should provide a reasonable confirmation of the condition. If doubts still persist an ultrasound or scan can also be ordered. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!


2107 people found this helpful

Thyroid Disorders - Ways You Can Deal With It!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB, DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Gurgaon
Thyroid Disorders - Ways You Can Deal With It!

For the normal functioning of your body, many hormones are essential, and when there is an imbalance, the system goes for a toss. The thyroid gland plays an important role in regulating metabolic processes all through the body. The thyroid disorders tend to affect the structure or function of the thyroid gland.

The functionalities of the thyroid gland are regulated by a feedback mechanism that involves the brain as well. Hypothalamus in the brain makes pituitary gland to produce TSH. The thyroid-stimulating hormone produced by pituitary gland stimulates the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. There are different kinds of thyroid disorders such as thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, goiter along with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Diagnosis of thyroid disorders
When you consult an endocrinologist, he will not only ask about your medical history, but will also carry out specialized tests for diagnosing thyroid disorders. Blood tests such as TSH receptor stimulating antibodies, anti-thyroglobulin and anti-thyroperoxidase are generally advised. Even thyroid scans with the help of radioactive iodine are also performed for evaluating the functions of the thyroid nodules. Fine needle aspiration and biopsy are some of the important techniques used for removal of sample cells for examination.

Dealing with thyroid disorder
Several tips can help you deal with the thyroid disorders and its common signs and symptoms. One of the most significant symptoms of thyroid disorders is depression, and you can get rid of it by exercising and socializing, so that it can uplift your mood and feel better.

Here are some of the best ways to help you cope up with the symptoms of thyroid disorders:

  1. Seek advice from a therapist: If you are concerned about your emotions along with having difficulty in eating and sleeping, you should speak to a mental health professional. A therapist can guide you about what you can do to cope up with the emotional issues and set practical goals. You should try to voice your concerns rather than holding on to them.
  2. Try to reduce stressThyroid disorder is one of the chronic conditions that are very stressful. When you learn to reduce stress, you will be able to better respond to the treatment. The best stress-buster is doing an activity that you enjoy.
  3. Consume healthy foods: Food provides the body with all the essential nutrients required to function well. Gaining weight is the most common symptom of thyroid disorder, and therefore, you should consume food low in fat and rich in fruits and vegetables.

Get enough sleep, since lack of sleep can make you irritable. With these few tips, you will be able to manage the symptoms of thyroid disorder better. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1824 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My wife had tsh test yesterday and the tsh value was 14 (normal 4.6) now taking thyronorm 100 mg. Is this hyper or hypothyroidism? How to cure this?

Endocrinologist, Delhi
This is hypothyroidism in which your thyroid gland producing less hormone which is necesary for metabolism and many other important functions.To control it doctor prescribes synthetic thyroid hormone and monitor the dose by estimating TSH in blood.There is no permanent cure but you can easily control it.
1 person found this helpful

I have been taking treatment of hyperthyroidism since 2004. I was taking neomercazole till 2009. My thyroid test were fine for 3 years and stopped taking any 2011 there were symptoms like palpitations, anxiety no weight loss when get thyroid profile checked tsh was .002 t3 & t4 normal. I visited to consultant he started methimazole 10 mg and told grave disease. Quarterly I check my thyroid profile surprisingly t3 & t4 normal but tsh have been always less than 0.007. Now the tsh 0.44 and t3 &t4 are very much in range. My weight never reduced still 80 kgs. I want to know should I continue on medication or rai ablation. I am no medication methimazole 10 mg ,betacap 20 mg.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, thanks for the query. Usually treatment with anti-thyroid drugs (neomercazole or other drugs) is given for 18 to 24 months. Once the levels return to normal treatment is discontinued. If levels remain with in normal range over a long period (2 to 3 years or so) disease is considered as cured. However, if tsh levels drop again, which means hyperthyroidism has resurfaced, some times antithyroid drug's course may be repeated. Otherwise other means of treatment mainly radio active iodine (rai) or surgery is considered. Rai is definitely a better option to surgery. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Can I continue the carbimazole tablets i. P. Neo-mercazole 5 after completing the course prescribed by doctor? If I continued it then what is its side effect?

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. The anti-thyroid treatment is usually given for a period of 18 months or some times up to 24 months. In case if the level of TSH returns to normal earlier, then treatment is discontinued. Since you have not mentioned the duration of the treatment (how long the drug is being taken) or current TSH level, plus whether you have the symptoms of the disease, it is difficult to give any opinion. Thanks.

Sir am 29 years old I suffer from hyperthyroid, but conditions are varying that sometimes it becomes hypothyroid so am asked to do RAI treatment so does it have any side effects or troubles.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
lybrate-user, In patients with hyperthyroidism, on treatment with anti-thyroid drugs, thyroid gland function does return to normal when treated for over 18 to 24 months. In some cases if Antithyroid drugs dosage is high, then patient may develop drug induced hypothyroidism. Once drug dosage is reduced or if discontinued, person may revert to normalcy or may even develop hyperactivity again. You have just mentioned that there has been hyper & hypothyroidism. RAI thereapy is usually recommended when oral antithyroid drugs have not reversed it or there has been a recurrence following stopage of drugs. Other options are either surgery (removal of the gland) or RAI. Post RAI, there will be hypothyroidism, which can easily be controlled with regular Levothyroxine treatment. If you have any doubts please do come back. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

I have done the surgery of RT hemithyrodectomy. After diagnosis it was a follicular adenoma and the other surrounding shows features of thyroiditis. What treatment and precautions should I follow for my safety.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB ( General Surgery ), Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, Senior Residency Training Program (Surgical Oncology)
General Surgeon, Raipur
You don't require to do anything now. Its a benign condition which does not require further treatment after surgery. Just monitor your TSH levels every 6 months and be on follow up with your surgeon.
3 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Hyperthyroidism?

Causes of hyperthyroidism:

How is hyperthyroidism diagnosed?


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Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
Symptoms and diet plan for Thyroid
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Thyroid Diseases During Pregnancy
Causes, symptoms and diagnosis of Thyroid

Hello friends. I am Dr. Surekha Jain practicing as a gynecologist and obstetrician since last 40 years. I own my own hospital at Shalimar Bagh with the name of Jain Child and Maternity Hopsital Pvt. Ltd. I am also attached with the Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh as a Senior Gynecologist and Obstetrician. Today, I am planning to tell you about Thyroid Diseases during Pregnancy. The reason for choosing this topic is that it is very common nowadays to find thyroid disease during pregnancy and the smallest variation in the thyroid organ can really affect your pregnancy. The thyroid disease is present in two forms: Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism means over active thyroid and Hypothyroidism means which is under active thyroid.

Thyroid is an organ which is located in the front of your organ like a butterfly and it releases hormones which control metabolism of your body it controls even single cell of your body. Thyroid affects the whole body. During pregnancy, why we are worried about the thyroid disease that if you already know that you have hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism at the very first consultation of your pregnancy, you should tell your obstetrician that you are either Hyperthyroid or hypothyroid and what drugs you are already taking. So that the doctor can help you adjust those medications. In case you do not know the status of your thyroid at very first visit the doctor will you investigations to be done and thyroid status is one of them.

Why is it so important to do early? Because the thyroid functions are more important in the first trimester of pregnancy to control the development of the baby. You very well know that during the very first three months of your pregnancy, the child being made, all the organs, all the systems are developed and after that the child only grows inside so the first three months are very crucial. And thyroid controls the activities in the mother and the baby. So, you should know the status of thyroid. Now, let us know what are the most important irregularities you can have in thyroid? Hyperthyroidism, even though it is rare, in early pregnancy signs and symptoms they quite mimic hyperthyroidism like excessive vomiting, nausea, irritability, giddiness and irregular heartbeat, even nervousness. So, these are very common in pregnancy as well as in hyperthyroidism.

So, if they are in a moderate amount, you can think of having these symptoms because of pregnancy. But, in case there is excessive, your doctor will definitely test you for hyperthyroid by doing certain blood tests and manage you accordingly on anti-thyroid drugs. The second most important is hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism being more common than hyperthyroidism, therefore, it is very important to manage hypothyroidism in early pregnancy. In first, seven to nine weeks, the fetus doesn t have any thyroid function in itself. So whatever it is getting it is from the mother. If the mother is deficient, the child will also become deficient and later on it can have multiple problems of nervous system, skeletal system, and developmental problems. Now, how do you diagnose the thyroid disease? It is very simple. Only by blood test you can diagnose thyroid. Three blood tests are there, TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone), T3 and T4. These are the hormones which are released by thyroid and thyroid stimulating hormone is the controlling hormone which keeps adjusting itself according to the hormone. Only by test you can come to know whether you are youth thyroid that is normal thyroid or you are hypothyroid or hyperthyroid.

If thyroid is not controlled properly during pregnancy then there can be multiple things which can happen to the mother and the baby. Now, if it not controlled in the first trimester, then developmental problems can be there. Baby can have certain congenital birth defects but later on it can lead to prematurity, and high blood pressure. Now, how can you come to know you are suffering from symptoms only? Hyperthyroidism can lead to severe nausea, vomiting, and slight tremors in your body, trouble sleeping, weight loss, or low weight for pregnant women. How can you know about hypothyroidism? Symptoms of hypothyroidism are such as extreme tiredness, weight gain, confusion, constipation, concentration and memory problems.

So, once your doctor knows whether you are hypo or hyper, they will treat you accordingly. If you want to know more, you can contact me through Lybrate, Dr. Surekha Jain. I am a certified thyroid disease treatment giver to the patients so you can contact me by chat, telephone, by putting your questions directly to me through Lybrate. They know my telephone number, my address. You can contact me, come to me, you can chat with me and even have video chat with me. Thank you.
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Know More About Hypothyroidism
Hello Everyone!

I am Dr. Sanket Gupta. I am a practicing homeopathic consultant at AKG s Oviham s medical centers and we have our clinics at Moti Bagh and Pritam Pura.

Today I would like to talk about a disease caller hyperthyroidism. Again a very common disease. A very common endocrine disorder. One of the most common endocrine disorders. And as the name suggests, hypo means less, so what happens is the thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones in a very less quantity. So the thyroid hormones t3 and t4 are released very less and there are only two major reasons. The first major reason being thyroid gland not functioning properly which happens when there is usually lack of iodine or deficiency of iodine as you must have seen a lot of people develop quite a huge growth around their necks. That is goiters and that is due to deficiency of iodine. The second cause being pituitary gland which releases less of thyroid stimulation hormone which in turn actually activates and stimulates the thyroid gland to release the thyroid hormones so these are the two major causes and clinically what we find in the investigate the findings of the thyroid profile, we find thyroid stimulating hormone is usually in, in people with hyperthyroidism and the t3 and t4 levels are generally low. On the other hand major reason could be autoimmune thyroiditis and this autoimmune thyroiditis means when the cells of your own body are working against your own body cells are working again your own receptors, own glands and preventing it from stimulating the thyroid hormones normally. In this case we need to get anti TPO and thyroid antibody, thyroid binding antibody globulins to test it. Homeopathy fortunately has a very very good result and very good effective treatment in both the cases be it autoimmune disorder or be the classical hyperthyroidism which we see in generally most of the cases. Symptomatically patients start you, you know the disease dose sets in quite early but the symptoms start manifesting very late in the life and symptoms like weight gain symptoms like dry skin, fatigue, weakness. Breathlessness even at times, slow pulse rate, falling of hair, irregular periods, constipation, depression, that all guiding towards hyperthyroidism so one thing is by if there is iodine deficiency It can always be supplemented by taking iodized salt which we use these days and that prevents the formation of goiter. The second thing being a secondary hyperthyroidism where it is generally due to the lack of our homeless, due to the inefficiency of the thyroid gland. What home, here the role of homeopathy is very important. What homeopathy does is it tries to only stimulate the thyroid gland to release the thyroid hormones properly tries to maintain that homeostasis tries to maintain that balance. It is not done we are doing giving something from outside which will you know, release the chemical and work on its own when the thyroid gland would be sitting pretty on its side, No. what we do with homeopathy, homeopathy medicines do they stimulates the thyroid gland to function on its own to fight on its own and this is how thyroid is completely, all the higher disorders are completely and completely curable with homeopathy. There is no need to be on lifelong medication for hypothyroidism or even hyperthyroidism per se. even at times when people are given anti thyroid drugs for hyperthyroidism. They get converted into hypothyroidism due to the medication, over medication. So there are lots of factors which we tend to see over our clinics all of them are taken into account and accordingly treatment is given. But definitely, homeopathy has a huge role to play in public health when it comes to hypothyroidism and is a beautiful medicine of treatment, treatment of medicine without any side effects and absolutely curable for thyroid disorders.

For any queries related to hypothyroidism or any other disorder can consult me here on Lybrate or consult me at my clinics Thank you.
Play video
Common Signs of Thyroid in Children
Common signs of thyroid in children
Hello, friends, I am doctor IPS Kochar, pediatric and adolescent diabetologist. Today I will talk about thyroid.

Parents are concerned about their children getting thyroid. There are a lot of children who are getting thyroid these days, not only that parents also have a thyroid. The parents are concerned whether the child will get thyroid or not. The function of the thyroid gland is to produce thyroxin. Day to day metabolism is dependant on thyroxine. Deficiency of thyroxine produces hyperthyroidism. If there is a deficiency of thyroxine there are certain symptoms. Lets us first start with a baby a newborn. There is a universal function of thyroxine done. The baby may be sleeping all the time, not taking the feed properly or in later childhood, the child may be gaining weight, the child may be lethargic, the child may have stunted growth. These are the things in a child when there is thyroid involved. Along with that, the child s growth will be affected. a

If there are very high levels of TSH there is hyperthyroidism. If there is lot of problems the child will not work properly,

The child will be chubby.
Short height and these things will be there.
Adolescent girls might get menstrual problems.
you may have less and late period.
A gain of weight
Infertility problems.
Dryness of the skin.
Loss of hair.
These are symptoms if they are present in the children must be seen by a pediatric endocrinologist. There will be conditions where there will be an excess production of TSH. There TSH is less and thyroxine is more produced in the body. So there is hyperthyroidism, the function of the thyroid is more. The gland is functioning more. Commonly seen in girls overproduction of thyroxine leading to urticaria, preparation increasing, anxiety, weight loss and food stops affecting the body. If a child gets hyperthyroidism he has to take medication lifelong. So there is a myth that this medicine that you are taking it causes problems. It has no side-effect. It is not a disease but deficiency. There is no side effect in the medicine you are taking. If the child is feeling lethargic, and stunted growth is there you should consider hyperthyroidism and go to a pediatric endroconologist.

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Knowing thyroid problems
Knowing thyroid problems

Hello everyone! My name is Dr. Hanish Gupta and I m here today to discuss with you the important effects of thyroid gland on human body.
We have appropriately titled this video as three minute thyroid consult because I m going to explain you within three minutes that what is thyroid gland and how it affects the human body.
Thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland which is located in front of your windpipe just like this. This is the thyroid gland. Thyroid gland despite its small size is a very very important gland for the human body because it controls the growth and the energy processes of the human body that is why the effect of this hormone has a far reaching effect on the entire functioning of the human body.

Now I will talk about the excess and the deficiency of this hormone in the human body which needs two conditions called hypothyroidism when there is a deficiency of this hormone in the body and hyperthyroidism when there is an excess of this hormone in the human body. The most common condition of hypothyroidism or deficiency of this hormone in the human body is hashimoto thyroiditis in which the thyroid gland looks like this. This is a condition in which all the energy processes of the human body, they become slower. There is weight gain, there is slowness of the heart rate or bradycardia there is swelling of the human body, there is hair fall, there is infertility or menstrual problems in females, there is depression, and most importantly all these things they collect together and become a very big problem for the patient.

However, the help is nearby because this condition can be treated with taking only one pill on daily basis. Similarly, a condition in which there is an excess of this hormone in the human body is known as hyperthyroidism and the most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Grave s disease in which the thyroid gland looks like this. This is a condition in which all the energy processes of the human body, they become fast, there is faster heart rate, there is tremors or tremulousness, there is irritability of mood, there is weight loss, there is lot of other things that indicate that the patient is having faster energy but of no use because he s having this condition for a long time and this condition can also be treated by taking only one pill, which can even be stopped later in life.

So, friends I hope that I have been able to dispel your doubts about thyroid hormone and I believe that you would love to come back to me on Lybrate for an online opinion or at my clinic at life aid clinic located in Delhi.
Thanks for watching and keep healthy!

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