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Hyperthyroidism - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is a medical condition where the thyroid glands (a butterfly shaped gland situated in the front region of your neck) start producing excessive hormones. The thyroid gland facilitates metabolism by the release of two types of hormones called triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4). Treating overactive thyroid can also treat hyperthyroidism.

Causes of hyperthyroidism:

  • Some medical conditions contribute to hyperthyroidism such as Graves’ disease which is an autoimmune disease that stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete excessive hormones. This is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.
  • It can also be caused due to excessive iodine in the body, thyroiditis (inflammation in the thyroid glands), cysts or tumors of the testes (male) or ovaries (female) benign tumors of the pituitary gland or thyroid, consumption of excessive amounts of a hormone called tetraiodothyronine taken through diet supplements.
  • In severe cases, the thyroid gland can start to swell into a goiter which can be one-sided or symmetrical. Some symptoms which require immediate medical attention include irregular & fast heart rate, loss of consciousness, shortness of breath and dizziness. Sometimes, hyperthyroidism can also cause artial fibrillation which can lead to congestive heart failure and strokes.

How is hyperthyroidism diagnosed?

A physical exam and a medical history is your first step in diagnosing hyperthyroidism. The specialist can also diagnose it by checking common signs like enlarged thyroid glands, protruding eyes, higher than normal blood pressure, rapid pulse and immense weight loss. Other tests such as cholesterol tests, thyroid stimulating hormone level test (the test results should be lower if the thyroid levels are high or normal, a very low test can be a sure sign of hyperthyroidism), Triglyceride test (low triglycerides can be a sign of high metabolic rates), thyroid uptake and scan, ultrasound (measures the entire size of the thyroid gland and masses within the glands), MRI and CT scans.


Hyperthyroidism can be medically treated by the following ways:

  • Medications- Medicines such as methimazole are prescribed to cure hyperthyroidism. This medicine prevents the thyroid glands from making excessive hormones.
  • Radioactive iodine- This destroys the cells that produce thyroid hormones. Side effects of radioactive iodine therapy include change in taste, sore throat, dry eyes and dry mouth. The radiations might spread to others so proper precautions should be taken for a few days.
  • Surgery- This is considered in severe cases, all or just a section of your thyroid gland is surgically removed and hormone supplements need to be taken to bring the thyroid levels back to normal. This treatment is affective to generally a lot of people.
Graves disease
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Non communicable
Increased appetite Nervousness Restlessness Not being able to concentrate Irregular heartbeat Not being able to sleep Weakness

Popular Health Tips

Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism - How Homeopathy Plays A Role In Treating Them?

Homeopath, Pune
Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism - How Homeopathy Plays A Role In Treating Them?

Thyroid is one of an essential endocrine gland which secretes hormones, which are essential for regulating various body functions. A change in the level of thyroid hormones can affect body metabolism and cause many changes including weight, mood, temperature regulation, etc.

Features of Hypothyroidism:
• Caused by reduced amounts of thyroid hormone in circulation.
Iodine deficiency and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (an autoimmune disorder) are the main causes of hypothyroidism.
• Symptoms include extreme fatigue, constipation, depression, intolerance to cold, puffiness of the face, weight gain, hoarseness of voice, increased cholesterol level, muscle aches, joint pains, and menstrual issues, are some of the common symptoms.

Homeopathy provides remedies which treat not just the above symptoms but the person as a whole.

Sepia Officinalis: Used when the patient presents with the following symptoms.

  • Weak, slightly yellow appearance
  • Tendency to faint, especially when in cold temperatures
  • Extreme intolerance to cold, even in warm surroundings
  • Increased irritability
  • Hair loss
  • Increased menstrual flow that occurs ahead of schedule
  • Constipation
  • Increased desire for pickles and acidic foodstuff

Calcarea Carbonica: This popular medicine is useful when patients present with the following symptoms.

  • Fat, flabby, fair person
  • Increased intolerance to cold
  • Excessive sweating, especially in the head
  • Aversion to fatty foods
  • Peculiar food habits including craving for eggs, chalk, pencils, lime,
  • Increased menstruation that is also prolonged and is associated with feet turning cold

Lycopodium Clavatum: Useful in patients who present with these symptoms:

  • Physically weakened
  • Increased irritability
  • Excessive hair fall
  • Face is pale yellow with blue circles around the eyes
  • Craving for foods that are hot and sweet
  • Acidity that is worse in the evenings
  • Gastric issues including excessive flatulence
  • Constipation with painful, hard, incomplete stooling

Graphites: Presenting symptoms where Graphites are mainly used include:

  • Obesity
  • Intolerance to cold
  • Depressed emotionally, timid, indecisive, weeping, listening to music
  • Bloated, gassy abdomen
  • Chronic constipation with hard, painful stooling process


  • Good appetite but lose weight quickly
  • Tendency to eat at regular intervals
  • Excessive warmth and need to stay in a cool environment
  • Anxiety about present
  • Excessive palpitations

Lachesis Mutus: These patient present with the following symptoms:

  • Feeling extremely hot, so inability to wear tight clothes
  • Generally sad with no inclination to do any work
  • Tendency to stay aloof and alone
  • Excessive talkativeness
  • Women around menopausal age

These are commonly used remedies; however, a detailed discussion with your homoeopath is essential to zero in on the remedy that will work best for you.

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Hypothyroidism - Know Its Homeopathic Treatment!

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Indore
Hypothyroidism - Know Its Homeopathic Treatment!

Hypothyroidism refers to the lack of thyroid hormones in your body. Hypothyroidism is caused when the thyroid gland of your body is unable to produce the thyroid hormones like T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). Hypothyroidism can occur due to the inflammation of the thyroid gland or as a result of previous thyroid treatments, where a major portion of the thyroid producing cells has been removed. Hypothyroidism is more common in women. But, it can develop in any person irrespective of age or sex.

The symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows:

  1. Fatigue
  2. Increased feeling of cold
  3. Dryness of skin
  4. Constipation
  5. Depression
  6. Obesity
  7. Increased blood cholesterol level
  8. Your muscles may be become weak and you may suffer from muscle pain
  9. Disruption in menstrual cycle.

Though these are the common symptoms, but it may vary from person to person. Hypothyroidism is a very common problem and homeopathy offers a very safe, painless and effective treatment for hypothyroidism.

The following are few of the homeopathic remedies for hyperthyroidism:

  1. Calcarea Carbonica: This medicine is advised to people suffering from obesity and increased sensitiveness to cold temperature.
  2. Sepia Officinalis: This medicine is suggested to people suffering from irregular menstrual cycle and increased sensitivity to cold.
  3. Nux Vomica: Nux vomica is prescribed when the patient shows symptom of depression.
  4. Lycopodium Clavatum: This medicine is given to people having gastric troubles or encountering excessive hair fall.

Along with these, there are various other medicines such as Iodium, thyroidinum, spongia, lycopus and lapis albus. But it is highly recommended for you to visit a homeopathic physician to receive correct advice before taking any medication by yourself.

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How Can Yoga Help You In Thyroid?

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS), Post Graduate Diploma In Yogic Science
Yoga & Naturopathy Specialist,
How Can Yoga Help You In Thyroid?

Thyroid disorders are an epidemic and perhaps most common endocrine disorder affecting millions across the globe. In India, it has been estimated from various studies that approximately 43 million people suffer from thyroid disorders. Prevalence of the disease is more evident in women than in men. One in ten Indians suffer from thyroid ailment. In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland is underactive and doesn’t make enough thyroid hormone where as in hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland is overactive and the thyroid makes too much of thyroid hormone. The butterfly-shaped thyroid gland is located in front of your neck. It produces thyroid hormone (main hormones-T3 triiodothyronine and T4-thyroxine), which affects the metabolic functioning of each and every system in the body.

Yoga offers a range of natural solutions in effectively managing and preventing thyroid disorders. The twisting, stretching and compressing yoga poses helps to massage the thyroid gland and thereby release of the thyroid hormone is regulated. Check with your physician/ healthcare provider and Yoga teacher before you start Yoga. Various yoga poses and asana can be customised as per individual need.


  • Bhujangasana (The cobra poses)- Just like the hood of an alert cobra, this yoga pose helps backward stretching of the spine and massages the neck-region, this helps to regulate the thyroid function.

  • Ustrasana (Camel Pose) – This backward bending yoga asana gives gentle massage to the neck-region and regulate the thyroid gland secretion.

  • Trikonasana (Triangle Pose) – It is one of the most effective pose to gently improve the thyroid gland function.

  • Setubandhasanam (Bridge Pose) –This particular asana resembles a bridge, hence the name. In this pose blood flow is directed towards the brain, which helps to calms the mind, reducing anxiety and stress. It also helps to opens up the lungs and regulation of thyroid hormone is aided.

  • Dradasana – This yoga pose is good for relaxing the back. It helps to calm the mind and nervous system. This indirectly aids the thyroid gland function.


  • Shavasana (Corpse Pose) – Shavasana is possibly the most essential part of yoga practice. This deeply relaxes all the systems and metabolic rate is decreased. This helps the symptoms of thyroid ailment lessen.

Stress is believed to be one of the main factors for thyroid disorders. Yogendra Pranayam- IV and Ujjayi Pranayama for few minutes on a daily basis help to keep the mind calm and reduce everyday stress. Nispandabhava and Shavasana works well in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, by reducing stress and improving relaxation. Diet plays a vital role in thyroid disorder management. Some helpful diet tips-

Diet tips:

  • Increase intake of high-fibre food in your diet.

  • Seasonal fruits and green leafy vegetables should be included in daily diet.

  • Black walnut, ginger and coconut oil should be included.

Thyroid Disorders - Know the Signs & Types Of It!

MD - General Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Endocrinologist, Indore
Thyroid Disorders - Know the Signs & Types Of It!

Thyroid disorders are associated with the thyroid gland. A thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland situated right at the base of one’s neck. The role of the thyroid gland is to carry out numerous metabolic processes within the body. The brain regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland through a feedback mechanism. There are a number of disorders, both severe and trivial, which could affect the thyroid gland.

Main symptoms of thyroid disorders:

  1. Weight loss and weight gain

  2. Changes in heart rate (arrhythmia)

  3. Hair loss

  4. Frequent mood swings

  5. Swollen neck

  6. Sudden bouts of moderate to high fever

Other symptoms include:

  1. Numbness or a tingling sensation in the hands

  2. Constipation

  3. Abnormalities or irregularities in menstruation

  4. Brittle nails and dry skin

  5. Blurred vision

  6. Weakened muscle tone and frequent tremors in the body

Treatment Options:

Intake of thyroid hormone pills may prove beneficial. Once you start with the treatment, you may notice significant improvement within the first two or three weeks. Generally, once affected by thyroid disorders, one might have to be on these medications his/her entire life. Over time, this treatment procedure should result in lowering of the cholesterol levels, increased energy; but in certain cases, might throw up side effects in the form of sudden and unexplained weight loss.

Anti-thyroid medications help reduce and regulate the secretion of the thyroid hormone, thus treating certain thyroid disorders (such as hyperthyroidism).

Beta blockers are drugs help in reducing high blood pressure, heart palpitations and controlling heart rate.

In severe cases, such as enlargement of the thyroid gland, surgery is advised by the doctor, in which the thyroid gland is removed. Tumors or thyroid nodules are also treated by this surgical process.

In cases of thyroid cancer, besides the surgical procedure, radioactive iodine therapy (radioiodine) is recommended. This therapy helps destroy the thyroid gland and other thyroid (malignant) cells which may be taking up iodine. However, the side effects of this technique are minimal. This procedure helps to destroy those tissues which may not have been removed by the surgery. If the thyroid cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or to other parts within the body, this particular mode of treatment can be very effective.

Types of Thyroid Disorders:

  1. Hypothyroidism: This is a condition characterized by an underactive thyroid gland. In this case, sufficient thyroid hormone is not secreted in the body.

  2. Hyperthyroidism: This is characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, that results in overproduction of the thyroid hormone.

  3. Thyroid cancer: It is a type of cancer of the thyroid gland.

  4. Goiter: This is a disorder wherein the thyroid gland gets abnormally enlarged.

  5. Thyroid nodules: This is marked by swelling of the thyroid gland.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2719 people found this helpful

Magical Health Benefits Of Ashwagandha!

BAMS, M.D.Alternative Medicines
Ayurveda, Belgaum
Magical Health Benefits Of Ashwagandha!

Ashwagandha is one of the most powerful Ayurvedic herbs and is commonly known as the Indian ginseng. Ashwagandha can be loosely translated to mean the ‘strength of ten horses’. It can be used to treat a number of diseases, relieve stress and fatigue, helps heal injuries and may also be used as an aphrodisiac and can help prevent male infertility.

  1. Ashwagandha helps rejuvenate the body: This herb not only calms a person down, but also restores the balance of their body. Hence, it is also known as rayasana or a herb that rejuvenates. Ashwagandha stimulates the immune system and boosts the production of white blood cells thereby, elevating levels of antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. The effects of this herb on a person’s nervous system and endocrine system can also harmonise the body, mind and spirit.
  2. It increases positivity: Stress and anxiety can lead to negative thinking and ultimately to depression. By fighting stress Ashwagandha helps negate these problems and instead boosts positive thinking. It may also be used to treat depression itself.
  3. It helps regenerate nerve cells: Along with diseases such as asthmatic bronchitis, emphysema and gynaecological disorders, Ashwagandha can also be used to treat neuro-degenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease or Alzheimer’s. It helps regenerate nerve cells and dendrite growth and even improves communication between nerve cells. This stimulates the body’s ability to heal any damage to the nervous system.
  4. It enhances memory and treats insomniaAshwagandha is one of the best Ayurvedic remedies to treat insomnia. It not only helps you fall asleep faster but can also improve your sleep quality. A restful sleep increases a person’s ability to concentrate and prevents drowsiness through the day. Ashwagandha also increases the levels of acetylcholine in the brain. This has a direct effect on boosting memory and elevating brain functioning and intelligence. Ashwagandha also increases the production of nitric oxide that helps regulate blood flow and blood pressure thus elevating the brain’s oxygen levels.
  5. It boosts libido: Ashwagandha helps optimise the functioning of the thyroid and adrenal glands and helps deal with both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Similarly, this Ayurvedic herb also benefits the adrenal glands and thus influences the overall mental and physical health of a person. The functioning of the thyroid and adrenal glands have a direct effect on a person’s sexual health and libido. Thus by enhancing the functioning of these glands, Ashwagandha improves sexual health and boosts libido. The nitric oxide produced by Ashwagandha also helps improve fertility.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4634 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

In year 2014 diagnosed with hyperthyroidism (20.5) and was put on Thyroxine 50, which resulted in decrease upto 4.95, then again inflation and continuously raised upto 11.6. Presently off thyroid since May'2017.

MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
If you were put on thyroxine, then you didn't have Hyperthyroidism but HYPOthyroidism. Both are opposite conditions of the same hormonal gland. The time when you had normal reports of TSH - that was the time that you shouldn't have stopped the medicines and continued them for good outcome. You perhaps were asked to or voluntarily stopped the medicines which was not correct.

Hello doctor. I am 29 years old women. I am suffering from hyperthyroidism (interactive thyroid). I would like to know if I can have milk or curd in thyroid. If yes, what is the correct time to have it.

MBBS, MD, DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Indore
We have listed down some of the foods that would make for a healthy addition to a hyperthyroidism diet plan: 1 Eat small frequent meals. Choose meals which are little calorically dense so that your body has some extra reserves of energy after the body burns of the energy. Food stuffs high on calories does not comprise just oils and fats. Blend of all the food collections i.e. Milk, fats, cereal, pulse etc. 2 Also include thyroid-suppressing foodstuff in your diet plan. These consist of Broccoli, bajra, cauliflower, cabbage, soya products, rajma etc. 3 When you pick a foodstuff always make sure that it nourishes your body and not only provide you with unfilled calories. Therefore we suggest you to consume fruit juices, fruit, eggs, meats, nuts etc. 4 Do not replenish your belly with low calorie foodstuff like salads and veggies. 5 Consume foods which can stuff your belly. So you have to take in protein and 5-10gms of fats in every single major meal. 6 Eat food containing paneer. It gives satiety and stomach fullness for a longer time. 7 Consume home-produced sweets like custards, sheera, puddings etc. To give you additional calories which will avoid weight loss. 8 Eat food at systematic intermission. Don’t increase gaps between 2 meals. Meal gap should not be more than 2-3 hrs. 9 Do not keep a routine of consuming soups before your mealtimes. They have a tendency to give the feeling of fullness and saturation. 10 Avoid drinking water straightaway after your meals are done. It is also essential to keep replenishing the body with crucial minerals and vitamins. Thus you need to add multivitamin supplements to your diet plans. 11 Green tea for queries, and homeopathic medicines, contact us.
1 person found this helpful

Hello Dr. I'm 25 years married n I'm a diabetic n hyperthyroidism I take insulin twice a day n thyronorm 100 mg b4 breakfast Im 45 kg I wanna gain weight Please suggest me to increase my weight as soon as possible I ll be very thankful, and my blood sugar n thyroid levels r normal and I don't get my periods regular too please help me,

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
lybrate-user ji, Thanks for the query. Madam it would have better if you had mentioned actual blood glucose values (fasting, PP & HbA1c%) as well as TSH & T4, instead of saying both are normal. Usually in hypothyroidism (since you are taking 100 mcg levothyroxine, the condition is Hypothyroidism), there is usually a weight gain. It is possible that because of diabetes your weight has not gone up. I would like to all the above mentioned details then only some comments or suggestions can be made. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

My TSH Comes7. 20 while the normal range is 5.50 .I have hypo thyroidism or hyper thyroid please help.

MD - General Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Endocrinologist, Indore
Your Tsh is elevated but you may not require any treatment. It would be worthwhile to repeat the test again after a few months. Only if you have symptoms of hypothyroidism, your doctor may consider treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Taking xyloric 100, zilenta M 500, thyronorm 75 daily. I will like to be on alternative therapy which can set my thyroid levels good and reduce thyronorm dependence.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. Hypothyroidism is a hormone deficiency disease, where your thyroid gland is not producing either enough or nil thyroxine. This hormone is required every day for maintaining normal metabolic activities of the body, normal functioning of brain, maintaining body temperature etc. So since your gland is not producing it, the only way is give supplement from outside in the form of Levothyroxine tablets. There is NO OTHER METHOD to treat this condition. The so called alternate therapies may claim that there are ways or methods to help, which is not true. Still if you want to go ahead, choice is yours. Thanks.