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Overview

Hyperthyroidism - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Hyperthyroidism is a medical condition where the thyroid glands (a butterfly shaped gland situated in the front region of your neck) start producing excessive hormones. The thyroid gland facilitates metabolism by the release of two types of hormones called triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4). Treating overactive thyroid can also treat hyperthyroidism.

Causes of hyperthyroidism:

  • Some medical conditions contribute to hyperthyroidism such as Graves’ disease which is an autoimmune disease that stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete excessive hormones. This is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.
  • It can also be caused due to excessive iodine in the body, thyroiditis (inflammation in the thyroid glands), cysts or tumors of the testes (male) or ovaries (female) benign tumors of the pituitary gland or thyroid, consumption of excessive amounts of a hormone called tetraiodothyronine taken through diet supplements.
  • In severe cases, the thyroid gland can start to swell into a goiter which can be one-sided or symmetrical. Some symptoms which require immediate medical attention include irregular & fast heart rate, loss of consciousness, shortness of breath and dizziness. Sometimes, hyperthyroidism can also cause artial fibrillation which can lead to congestive heart failure and strokes.

How is hyperthyroidism diagnosed?

A physical exam and a medical history is your first step in diagnosing hyperthyroidism. The specialist can also diagnose it by checking common signs like enlarged thyroid glands, protruding eyes, higher than normal blood pressure, rapid pulse and immense weight loss. Other tests such as cholesterol tests, thyroid stimulating hormone level test (the test results should be lower if the thyroid levels are high or normal, a very low test can be a sure sign of hyperthyroidism), Triglyceride test (low triglycerides can be a sign of high metabolic rates), thyroid uptake and scan, ultrasound (measures the entire size of the thyroid gland and masses within the glands), MRI and CT scans.

Treatment:

Hyperthyroidism can be medically treated by the following ways:

  • Medications- Medicines such as methimazole are prescribed to cure hyperthyroidism. This medicine prevents the thyroid glands from making excessive hormones.
  • Radioactive iodine- This destroys the cells that produce thyroid hormones. Side effects of radioactive iodine therapy include change in taste, sore throat, dry eyes and dry mouth. The radiations might spread to others so proper precautions should be taken for a few days.
  • Surgery- This is considered in severe cases, all or just a section of your thyroid gland is surgically removed and hormone supplements need to be taken to bring the thyroid levels back to normal. This treatment is affective to generally a lot of people.
Graves disease
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Non communicable
Symptoms
Increased appetite Nervousness Restlessness Not being able to concentrate Irregular heartbeat Not being able to sleep Weakness

Popular Health Tips

Homeopathy For Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism!

Dr. Jigyasa Wadhwa 89% (11 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
Homeopathy For Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism!
Thyroid is one of an essential endocrine gland which secretes hormones, which are essential for regulating various body functions. A change in the level of thyroid hormones can affect body metabolism and cause many changes including weight, mood, temperature regulation, etc. Features of Hypothyroidism: Caused by reduced amounts of thyroid hormone in circulation. Iodine deficiency and Hashimoto s thyroiditis (an autoimmune disorder) are the main causes of hypothyroidism. Symptoms include extreme fatigue, constipation, depression, intolerance to cold, puffiness of the face, weight gain, hoarseness of voice, increased cholesterol level, muscle aches, joint pains, and menstrual issues, are some of the common symptoms. Homeopathy provides remedies which treat not just the above symptoms but the person as a whole. Sepia Officinalis: Used when the patient presents with the following symptoms. Weak, slightly yellow appearance Tendency to faint, especially when in cold temperatures Extreme intolerance to cold, even in warm surroundings Increased irritability Hair loss Increased menstrual flow that occurs ahead of schedule Constipation Increased desire for pickles and acidic foodstuff Calcarea Carbonica: This popular medicine is useful when patients present with the following symptoms. Fat, flabby, fair person Increased intolerance to cold Excessive sweating, especially in the head Aversion to fatty foods Peculiar food habits including craving for eggs, chalk, pencils, lime, Increased menstruation that is also prolonged and is associated with feet turning cold Lycopodium Clavatum: Useful in patients who present with these symptoms: Physically weakened Increased irritability Excessive hair fall Face is pale yellow with blue circles around the eyes Craving for foods that are hot and sweet Acidity that is worse in the evenings Gastric issues including excessive flatulence Constipation with painful, hard, incomplete stooling Graphites: Presenting symptoms where Graphites are mainly used include: Obesity Intolerance to cold Depressed emotionally, timid, indecisive, weeping, listening to music Bloated, gassy abdomen Chronic constipation with hard, painful stooling process Lodium: Good appetite but lose weight quickly Tendency to eat at regular intervals Excessive warmth and need to stay in a cool environment Anxiety about present Excessive palpitations Lachesis Mutus: These patient present with the following symptoms: Feeling extremely hot, so inability to wear tight clothes Generally sad with no inclination to do any work Tendency to stay aloof and alone Excessive talkativeness Women around menopausal age These are commonly used remedies; however, a detailed discussion with your homoeopath is essential to zero in on the remedy that will work best for you.
2939 people found this helpful

What Causes Graves' Disease?

Dr. Rakesh Kakkar 91% (3634 ratings)
Practical Course in Diabetology, POST GRADUATE COURSE IN DIABETOLOGY, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Jammu
What Causes Graves' Disease?
The body has multiple chemicals called hormones, which regulate many of its functions. Increased or decreased levels of these hormones affect various functions including metabolism, growth and sexual functions. Thyroxin produced by the thyroid (situated in the front of the neck) is one such hormone, which has a significant role to play in metabolism. Graves disease is one of the main causes of hyperthyroidism, where there is excessive production of thyroid hormones. Graves disease is an autoimmune disorder, wherein the body reacts against its own tissues. It is very common in women than men, especially after 20 years of age. Family history also has a strong correlation in developing Graves disease. The high levels of thyroid hormone increase the rate of metabolism, thereby altering weight, mental energy levels, physical stamina, and also mood. Thyroid hormone is related to metabolism and more amount of it lead to higher metabolism. This causes the following symptoms. Intolerance to heat Excessive sweating Nervousness and anxiety Inability sleep, as the mind is always excited Increased appetite (sometimes despite weight loss) due to higher metabolism Irregular menstrual cycles Palpitations (rapid, loud heartbeat) Irregular heartbeats (tachyarrhythmia) Fine tremors of the extended arms Breast enlargement in men, known as gynecomastia Extreme moodiness, causing irritability and anger Inability to focus and concentrate General fatigue and shortness of breath with any exertion Increased frequency of bowel movements In addition, the eye symptoms are quite diagnostic including: Protrusion of the eyes (exophthalmos), giving an impression that they are going to fall out Double vision Excessive tearing Increased irritation in the eyes Diagnosis: The first symptom would be the presence of an enlarged thyroid gland (front of the neck above the collarbone), and the some of the above symptoms would be present. In addition, tests to check for thyroid gland functioning including T3 and T4 levels would reveal increased amounts of hormone in the blood stream. As a confirmatory test, the radioactive iodine uptake test also is done, which will indicate increased uptake by the thyroid gland. This indicates that the gland is functioning at an increased pace and requires additional iodine for the production of thyroid hormones. Treatment: There are two approaches to it, one to control the symptoms and the other to control the thyroid gland per se. Beta blockers are very useful in controlling rapid heart rate and anxiety. Prednisone may be used to control eye irritation and swelling Antithyroid drugs are used to control the production of thyroid Radioactive iodine is given orally to control excessive thyroid production In severe cases, thyroid gland may be surgically removed partially or completely Graves disease is not life-threatening and once symptoms are controlled, the patient s quality of life improves drastically.
1 person found this helpful

Top Homeopathic Remedies For Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism!

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 93% (2154 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Top Homeopathic Remedies For Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism!
Thyroid is one of an essential endocrine gland which secretes hormones, which are essential for regulating various body functions. A change in the level of thyroid hormones can affect body metabolism and cause many changes including weight, mood, temperature regulation, etc. Features of Hypothyroidism: Caused by reduced amounts of thyroid hormone in circulation. Iodine deficiency and Hashimoto s thyroiditis (an autoimmune disorder) are the main causes of hypothyroidism. Symptoms include extreme fatigue, constipation, depression, intolerance to cold, puffiness of the face, weight gain, hoarseness of voice, increased cholesterol level, muscle aches, joint pains, and menstrual issues, are some of the common symptoms. Homeopathy provides remedies which treat not just the above symptoms but the person as a whole. Sepia Officinalis: Used when the patient presents with the following symptoms. Weak, slightly yellow appearance Tendency to faint, especially when in cold temperatures Extreme intolerance to cold, even in warm surroundings Increased irritability Hair loss Increased menstrual flow that occurs ahead of schedule Constipation Increased desire for pickles and acidic foodstuff Calcarea Carbonica: This popular medicine is useful when patients present with the following symptoms. Fat, flabby, fair person Increased intolerance to cold Excessive sweating, especially in the head Aversion to fatty foods Peculiar food habits including craving for eggs, chalk, pencils, lime, Increased menstruation that is also prolonged and is associated with feet turning cold Lycopodium Clavatum: Useful in patients who present with these symptoms: Physically weakened Increased irritability Excessive hair fall Face is pale yellow with blue circles around the eyes Craving for foods that are hot and sweet Acidity that is worse in the evenings Gastric issues including excessive flatulence Constipation with painful, hard, incomplete stooling Graphites: Presenting symptoms where Graphites are mainly used include: Obesity Intolerance to cold Depressed emotionally, timid, indecisive, weeping, listening to music Bloated, gassy abdomen Chronic constipation with hard, painful stooling process Lodium: Good appetite but lose weight quickly Tendency to eat at regular intervals Excessive warmth and need to stay in a cool environment Anxiety about present Excessive palpitations Lachesis Mutus: These patient present with the following symptoms: Feeling extremely hot, so inability to wear tight clothes Generally sad with no inclination to do any work Tendency to stay aloof and alone Excessive talkativeness Women around menopausal age These are commonly used remedies; however, a detailed discussion with your homoeopath is essential to zero in on the remedy that will work best for you.
3164 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!

Vedic Gram 85% (301 ratings)
Vedicgram Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Noida
Hypothyroidism - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!
Almost all the metabolic processes in a person's body are influenced by the hormones produced by the thyroid gland. The most common types of thyroid diseases caused due to dysfunctional thyroid glands are- Thyroid nodules, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Goiter, Thyroiditis, and Thyroid Cancer. Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland is underactive and the amount of hormones produced is insufficient. Hypothyroidism can be caused due to multiple reasons such as iodine deficiency, radiation or surgery on the thyroid gland, and drugs such as lithium and phenylbutazone. You should note that treating thyroid is not a speedy process and a reoccurrence of symptoms might also take place. However with the appropriate remedies and proper diet control, one can make sure that these symptoms are less pronounced. Ayurveda: According to Ayurveda, imbalance or disequilibrium in the doshas is the main cause of hypothyroidism. The Kapha dosha i.e. the dosha responsible for body fluids and lubrication, and Pitta dosha i.e. the dosha responsible for fire and water body humors, are vitiated. Lifestyle and diet discrepancies further promote imbalances in the doshas. Hypothyroidism is categorized under the Yapya diseases which reoccur once you cease to take the treatment. Treatments: 1. It is essential to consume adequate quantities of milk. 2. Apart from that, coconut oil is one of the best remedies for a hypothyroid patient, since it increases slow and sluggish metabolism. Coconut contains MCFAs i.e. medium chain fatty acids and MTCs i.e. Medium chain triglycerides in abundance which help the metabolism be revved up. 3. Ayurvedic herbs useful for treating hypothyroidism are- kanchanara, Bauhinia variegata i.e. purple mountain ebony, Jatamansi, brahmi, guggulu, shilajita, gokshura, and punarnava. Remedies: 1. Consume a mixture of Indian gooseberry i.e. amla and churnam with honey, daily before breakfast. 2. One of the main causes of Hypothyroidism is insufficient amount of iodine. Drinking the juice acquired from jalakumbhi i.e. Pistia Stratiotes everyday in dozes amounting from 11gm to 22gm increases the iodine content and helps treat hypothyroidism.
6623 people found this helpful

Thyroid - 4 Diet Tips For Better Management

Dt. Anitha Narayanamurthy 91% (2184 ratings)
Post Graduate Diploma in Holistic Healthcare, PG Diploma Clinical research, Diploma in Medical Writing, MSc Biotechnology
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Thyroid - 4 Diet Tips For Better Management
The thyroid gland in your body is responsible for controlling and secreting those hormones that help in your natural growth and development. These hormones are crucial in regulating some of the most important functions of your body such as your heart rate, breathing, your body weight, your menstrual cycle and your muscle power to name a few. Problems of the thyroid gland (such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism) can hamper all of these vital functions, and these problems usually arise due to a poor diet. However, your diet can also help in improving the health of your thyroid gland. Here are some diet tips to help you out: 1. Include lots of iodine in your diet Iodine is that nutritive element without which your thyroid gland will not be able to function at all, being its building block. Therefore iodine rich foods such as fortified salt, eggs, seaweed and other dairy products should be a part of your diet. Along with iodine, zinc, selenium, copper and iron are other very important elements that should be a part of your diet too. 2. Plenty of B vitamins and antioxidants help Since stress (blame it on cortisol- the stress hormone that overworks your thyroid in case of chronic stress) plays a major role in hampering the proper functioning of your thyroid gland, eliminating it and detoxifying yourself becomes extremely important. This can be done through including plenty of B vitamins and antioxidants in your diet. White meat, fishes like tuna, peanuts, brown rice and fruits such as goji berries and wild blueberries can be of great help in this regard. 3. Say no to soy Soy is one of the main culprits behind the malfunctioning of your thyroid gland as it contains an element known as isoflavones, which can reduce the iodine reserve in the gland. Apart from that, vegetables that belong to the brassica family such as cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts are linked to causing goitre and must be avoided. Consumption of gluten must be avoided too as it can cause autoimmune thyroid disorders, celiac disease and hormonal imbalances. 4. Enjoy your daily meals In today's fast paced world a stress-free meal is a thing of the past as most people are in a rush to get done with their breakfast, lunch or dinner. This hampers your digestive function and also puts stress on your thyroid glands. The best way to eat is to sit on a table and relax, enjoying every morsel you swallow. This ensures your thyroid remains healthy.
5635 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi Dr, My T3 = 94 out of 60-200, T4 = 5.2 out of 4.5-12, TSH = 8.03 out of 03 - 5.5. Do I need to take medicine. Can you pls help me in detail.

Dr. Pankaj Chandna 92% (20 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma In Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Panchkula
If its first instance its advise to wait for 15-30 days and get a recheck done. Get a sound sleep and good diet exercise and then have a retest to confirm. If levels still remain high you need to seek medical opinions.
1 person found this helpful

I am a 26 year married lady. I have a son with 5 years. Since my pregnancy I have hyperthyroidism also I takes thyronorm tablets correctly. Currently I take 75 mcg tablet, today I found my TSH level it's 0.14. Is I take same dosage again or is it change?

Dr. V.P. Bansal 90% (365 ratings)
MBBS, MD, DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Indore
You must go for thyroid checkup once again, and if it is reduced, then reduces the dosage and if it is raised, then consult us. We will taper your dosage and start homeopathic treatment, which is mild and effective. Do revert with the reports. For more queries, contact us.

I am 32 years old and have a hyperthyroidism. I am under medication. Suffering from hair loss problem. Is this control and curable. Please provide positive feedback sir.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2883 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Hooghly
Yes it is very much curable,,u should do homoeopathic treatment along with the existing medicine ur taking,,as the treatment goes ur dose of the existing medicine also can be reduced by proper homoeopathic treatment,,apply natural alovera gel,,apply hot massage with olive oil and coconut oil,, consult me through lybrate in private consultation soo that I can give u more tips and treatment also

Hi I am suffering from hyperthyroidism and I notice little swelling on thyroid side is this normal or should I worry about I will be highly thankful if you answer me.

Dr. Priyanka T 88% (344 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Ranchi
the swelling may be because of hyperthyroidism. if it persist for more the 1 month.can consult physcian.
1 person found this helpful

Hi. I am 22 years old. Carrying now 4th month running. Thyroid test done. Details: TSH-0.72, T3-191.69, T4 - 17.60, is it normal? What is the ref range? Is it Hyperthyroidism? My Dr. has given Tablet of Neo-mercazole 5. Is it required? Which are the side effects?

Dr. Kalyani Badwaik 91% (1106 ratings)
BHMS, M.D.
Homeopath, Pune
Dear lybrate user, your TSH level is less then normal, which indicates hyperthyroidism. hyperthyroidism may affect baby growth, hence please continue your medication ( neo marcazole 5 mg). you can also take homeopathic treatment along with anti thyroid medication (neo marcazole) for hyperthyroidism to ensure good results.it is safe, natural and holistic way of treatment. natural homeopathy medicines like calcerea, natrum, etc.; are highly effective for hyperthyroidism. homeopathic medicine are selected individually on the basis of thorough details of patient like medical history, routine, causes, temperament etc..; such well selected remedy naturally improves the thyroid gland, balance thyroid hormones level naturally and ensure relief in symptoms of hyperthyroidism, gives permanent cure. message back for online homeopathic consultation. take care.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Thyroid Removal - Know Facts About It!

Dr. Kanwaljit Chahl 89% (341 ratings)
Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Mohali
People with hyperthyroidism should consider undergoing the thyroid removal surgery. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.
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197 people took this quiz

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