Hair fall is a condition characterized by the thinning or the complete breakage of hair strands from the scalp or midway. Sometimes, hair fall can not only affect the hair from your scalp but also your entire body. It occurs in children as well as adults. It is perfectly normal to lose 60 to 100 strands of hair in one day, but if you lose more than 100 strands of hair a day it can be a cause of concern. Hair fall can be temporary or permanent. It is possible that you might see clumps of hair in your brush while combing your hair or washing it. Thinning of the hair and bald patches are also signs of hair fall.
Causes of Hair loss:
Hair fall is most commonly prevalent in people who have had a family history of hair loss, genetic play a huge role in this. Some hormones also trigger hair loss which usually begins during puberty. Other factors such as traumatic events, surgeries and major illnesses can also trigger acute hair fall. In such cases, hair starts growing back on it own after some time. Temporary hair loss can be caused due to menopause, sudden discontinuation of birth control pills, childbirth and hormonal changes due to pregnancy. Sometimes severe medical conditions can also cause hair fall such as scalp infections (ringworm), alopecia areata (autoimmune disorder which damages the hair follicles) and thyroid disease. Disorders like lichen planus and certain types of lupus can also cause lichens which result in hair fall. Many times hair fall can also be triggered by the use of medications used to treat heart problems, depression, arthritis, high blood pressure and cancer. Emotional or physical shock can also trigger hair loss such as high fever, extreme weight loss and death in the family. A hair pulling disorder known as trichotillomania makes the affected person pull out his/her hair deliberately. It is an impulse control disorder which can be treated by therapy. The affected person can pull out hair from their eyelash, eyebrows and the scalp. Tying our hair very tightly puts immense pressure on the hair resulting in breakage. This is known as traction hair loss. Consuming less iron and protein in your diet can also lead to thin hair.
Treatment for hair loss:
It is vital to visit a dermatologist if you are facing severe hair fall. The dermatologist is most likely to prescribe medications which contain corticosteroids and a substance called minoxidil. Hair transplant surgeries and scalp reduction surgery is also advised in severe cases.