Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Heart Failure: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Heart failure is also known as Congestive Heart Failure, or CHF.

How is the treatment done?

Even though it may sound like it, heart failure does not necessarily mean that the heart has failed. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. In some cases, the heart can't fill with enough blood. In other cases, the heart can't pump blood to the rest of the body with enough force. So while the term "heart failure" doesn't mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working, heart failure is indeed a serious condition that requires serious medical care.

Heart failure develops over time as the heart's pumping action grows weaker. The condition can affect the right side of the heart only, or it can affect both sides of the heart. Most cases involve both sides of the heart. Right-side heart failure occurs if the heart can't pump enough blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen. Left-side heart failure occurs if the heart can't pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body. Right-side heart failure may cause fluid to build up in the feet, ankles, legs, liver, abdomen, and the veins in the neck. Right-side and left-side heart failure also may cause shortness of breath and fatigue (tiredness). The leading causes of heart failure are diseases that damage the heart. Examples include coronary heart disease (CHD), high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Heart failure can be treated in a variety of ways, including heart-healthy lifestyle changes, medicines, medical procedures and surgery.

Heart healthy lifestyle changes include eating food that is healthy for the heart, managing stress levels, maintaining a healthy weight, doing regular physical exercise, and quitting habits such as drinking and smoking. While following a heart healthy diet, the patient is advised to eat fat-free or low-fat dairy products, such as fat-free milk; fish high in omega-3 fatty acids; fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Intake of sodium has to be restricted as well.

Maintaining a healthy weight is important for overall health and can lower the risk for congestive heart failure. Patients are required to maintain healthy BMI levels, as well as to try and lose weight, especially for patients who are obese. Managing stress and taking part in routine physical activity are additional ways to help prevent onset of congestive heart failure.

Doctors can often administer medications to treat heart failure. These medications include ACE inhibitors (inhibitors of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme), which help the arteries relax and lower blood pressure, making it easier for the heart to pump blood around the body; diuretics which remove water and salt from the kidneys, and antiplatelet medicines, which stop the platelets from forming clots in the blood.

In some cases, doctors recommend surgery to treat the underlying problem that led to heart failure. These include coronary bypass surgery, heart valve replacement, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), Ventricular assist devices (VADs), and heart transplant.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Heart failure describes the inability or failure of the heart to adequately meet the needs of organs and tissues for oxygen and nutrients. People who experience chest pain and shortness of breath even while at rest are at a risk of developing congestive heart failure, and need to get themselves checked by a doctor.

Are there any side effects?

Heavy or irregular breathing during exercise of any kind of strenuous activity is normal, and if you do not experience any chest pains, there is no need to get yourself checked or treated for ischemic heart disease.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Side effects while treating heart failure are generally side effects of medicines prescribed by the doctor. Many different types of medications are used to treat congestive heart failure, each of which have different kinds of side effects. Antiplatelet drugs can cause diarrhea, rash, or itching, abdominal pain, headache, chest pain, muscle aches, and dizziness. Side effects of anticoagulants are bleeding and necrosis (gangrene) of the skin. Side effects of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors include cough, elevated blood potassium levels (hyperkalemia), low blood pressure, dizziness, headache, drowsiness, weakness, abnormal taste, and rash. Taking vasodilators may cause lightheadedness or dizziness, increased or irregular heart rate, or headache. Side effects of calcium channel blockers include constipation, nausea, headache, rash, edema, low blood pressure, drowsiness, and dizziness. Anti-arrhythmics may cause dizziness, blurred vision, anorexia, unusual taste, fatigue, nausea and vomiting.

How long does it take to recover?

If your doctor has prescribed medicines for the patient, and has asked him to maintain a proper and healthy lifestyle, then it is actually up to the patient to make sure that they do not develop symptoms of congestive heart failure again. In case the patient has undergone surgery for heart failure, then the results are generally permanent, unless the patient goes back to their previous unhealthy lifestyle, and fails to follow up on medications and further visits to the doctor.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In case your doctor has only prescribed lifestyle changes and medicines for treatment of your heart failure, then there is no recovery time as such. But in case you have to undergo surgical treatment, then a full recovery after bypass surgery or heart transplant takes around 12 to 15 weeks, or even more.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

While lifestyle changes don’t require any money, treatment of heart failure via medicines or surgical procedures is an expensive treatment, and costs anywhere between Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 30 lakhs.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Treating congestive heart failure is not a one-time process. Apart from changing your lifestyle and indulging in heart healthy eating, even if your doctor has performed surgical procedures to help treat the disease, following it up is very important. Keep a lookout for any complications, including heart failure or arrhythmias. Also, patients need to keep an eye on risk factors such as cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and diabetes control. Make sure you follow the medication plan prescribed to you by your doctor. Order a stress test if you are having problems with new or worsening symptoms, such as chest pain or shortness of breath.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir I am getting strep throat every month from last one year. It never goes. I take azibact 500 it goes then return again url Co/1r4xv0j picture of my current throat.

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
1. Do saline gargles daily. 2. Whenever possible do steam inhalation also. 3. Cover your nose and mouth with hanky for at least 30 sec when you go in dusty areas also when you go in and out of ac. As our nose is the most sensitive part of our body...

Difference between ecosprin gold and ecosprin av? In what conditions ecosprin gold is given and in what condition ecosprin av is given.

DNB CARDIOLOGY , MD MEDICINE, MBBS
Cardiologist, Aurangabad
Hello, ecosprin gold has 3 medicines aspirin + clopidogrel + atorvastatin (2 blood thinners) whereas ecosprin av has aspirin + atorvastatin (single blood thinner). Ecosprin gold is generally prescribed for a patient who has had a heart attack in p...

I am using rivotril 0.5 mg since 2011. Now I have panic attack. And always some fear. I can't go any place lonely. A fear is if I die along. nowadays I get suddenly fear and my heart palpitation is high. What can I do in this situation. Medicine or psychologist I should contact.

M.A.(H)Psychology, PG Diploma in Child Guidance and Family Therapy
Psychologist, Noida
Managing anxiety 1. Yoga and meditation can help cope with anxiety. Simultaneously learn deep breathing techniques. You might think these techniques are “old school” or “uncool” but please practise these techniques regularly and with discipline, a...
1 person found this helpful

Doctor I am 22 years old I recently started betablocker propranolol (inderal 40 mg) for social anxiety one tablet once a day can I join the gym and do heavy bodybuilding exercises?

M.A.(H)Psychology, PG Diploma in Child Guidance and Family Therapy
Psychologist, Noida
Do heavy breathing when ever you feel anxious. This thing has changed my life I used have ocd and other types of anxieties and I got away from them by using this technique.(*) practice small talks with random people. If you have habit of watching ...

Popular Health Tips

Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty - What Should You Know?

MD - Medicine, DNB Medicine, DNB - Cardiology (Gold Medalist)
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad
Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty - What Should You Know?
Angioplasty is a medical procedure used to restore blood flow in the arteries. It allows the blood to flow easily by treating the blocked arteries. Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty or PTCA is used to unblock coronary arteries and to ...
1558 people found this helpful

Diagnostic Tests In Cardiology - Know About Them!

MD - Medicine, DNB Medicine, DNB - Cardiology (Gold Medalist)
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad
Diagnostic Tests In Cardiology - Know About Them!
Advancement in science and technology has largely contributed to the field of medicine. The methods of diagnosis for some of the very serious conditions have become readily available for the masses. Furthermore, there are a number of diagnostic te...
1629 people found this helpful

Pulmonary Embolism - How To Detect It?

MD - Medicine, DNB Medicine, DNB - Cardiology (Gold Medalist)
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad
Pulmonary Embolism - How To Detect It?
Pulmonary Embolism is a blood clot in the Pulmonary arteries that usually travels from a deep vein in the legs to the lungs. This clot blocks the lungs and creates a life-threatening situation for the patient. With prompt medication and treatment,...
2923 people found this helpful

Chest Injuries And Hemothorax - Know How Serious It Can Be!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Varanasi
Chest Injuries And Hemothorax - Know How Serious It Can Be!
Hemothorax is a serious and possibly a life-threatening condition in which blood collects between the lungs and the chest wall due to a traumatic injury or some other factor. It can be caused due to an extrapleural or an intrapleural injury. An ex...
3188 people found this helpful

Pleural Effusion - What Is It?

MBBS, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), AFIH
Pulmonologist, Navi Mumbai
Pleural Effusion - What Is It?
During breathing activity, chest wall moves out & in, lungs expand & relax. For the smooth movement of the lungs inside the chest cavity, they are lined by pleura. Pleura includes two thin linings, the layer lining lungs is called visceral pleura ...
2601 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MD - Internal Medicine,MBBS,DM - Cardiology,Fellow European Society of Cardiology
Cardiology
Play video
Valvular Heart Disease
Hello, I am doctor Krishna Prasad cardiothoracic surgeon practicing in Mumbai. I would like to discuss with you all about valvular heart disease, so heart has four valves and valves can get affected by various diseases, especially rheumatic heart ...
Play video
What Is Menopause?
Hello friends, I am Dr. Jayanti Kamat, IVF consultant, obstetrician and gynecologist. Today's women have a lot of challenges and they work continuously to strike a balance between home, life and career responsibilities. Healthcare or self care see...
Play video
Obesity - Things You Should Know About It
Hello, I am Doctor Bishwanath Gouda. Laparoscopic GI Surgeon. Today I would like to talk to you about obesity. obesity is a big problem in India. we go out to the malls, we go out in the streets we see it, everyone is driving fast, running a fast ...
Play video
Advancement Of Heart Valve Disease
Hello friends, I am Doctor Rajiv Agarwal. today I am going to talk to you about some advances which are there in the treatment of valvular heart disease and I think the general public should also be aware of this that what new facilities are now a...
Play video
Diabetes
Hi, I am Dr. Rajesh Kesari, Endocrinologist. Diabetes ek aisi bimari hai ki agar kisi ko ho jaaye toh vo zindagi bhar sath nahi chodti. Diabetes ek aisi bimari hai jiski vajaha se koi taklif nahi hoti. Iske koi lakshan bhi nahi hote hain. Isliye l...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice