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Overview

Pulmonary Edema - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Pulmonary Edema?

Lungs are the organs in the body that takes in oxygen and removes the carbon dioxide from the blood. The blood from the heart is brought to the lungs through the veins and then oxygenated blood is taken back to the heart. The air sacs in the lungs help in the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen.

Pulmonary Edema is when there is water in the tiny air sacs of the lungs resulting in the lack of oxygen supply to the blood and excessive build-up of carbon dioxide. When there is such a condition then the person experiences breathlessness, pink frothy sputum, anxiety, headache and fluid retention.

Risk and complications :

Circulatory problems develop after a heart attack or when the left ventricle is severely damaged, then blood does not reach the lungs. This causes less oxygenated blood reaching the other parts of the body, this condition is called cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Cardiogenic pulmonary edema is caused due to malfunction of the heart, hypertension, heart attack in which left ventricular failure happens, excessive fluid in the body or congestive heart failure.

When the lung tissues are injured it can cause pulmonary edema. The third type of edema is high altitude pulmonary edema which develops when a person visits high altitudes.

Diagnosis and Treatment :

People experiencing these symptoms should immediately contact a doctor. Doctors will do a series of blood tests, ECG, Chest X-rays to understand the pulmonary edema. Blood tests determine the level of oxygen in the blood, x-rays help to understand whether there is fluid in the lungs, ECG to know whether the person has suffered heart attack.

As there is less oxygen in the blood patients are first given oxygen supply. Breathing tube is placed in the trachea of the patient, some patients are put on ventilator. If there is a circulatory cause for the edema then the patients are given necessary medications to cure this condition. Treatment is essential for pulmonary edema as it is a fatal condition. In some patients the condition can cause coma. Proper treatment is necessary to cure the condition.

People who have conditions that can lead to pulmonary edema should be extra careful. Patients should thoroughly follow the instructions of the doctor to prevent further episodes of edema and keep the situation under control. Proper diet and weight is necessary for preventing development of pulmonary edema.

Anyone who is experiencing even mild symptoms should visit the doctor and get it treated.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
Difficulty breathing Coughing up blood Excessive sweating Anxiety Pale skin Pale skin

Popular Health Tips

Ways Pulmonary Edema Can be Treated!

MD - Medicine, MD - Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Pune
Ways Pulmonary Edema Can be Treated!

Pulmonary edema is a disorder wherein fluid accumulates in the lungs leading to lack of oxygen in the body. The usual cause of pulmonary edema is congestive heart failure (the muscles of the heart are unable to pump blood). In this disorder, the heart has to work extra hard to pump blood, so this adds extra pressure on the blood vessels that are present in the lungs. In a bid to relieve this added pressure, fluid is released into the lungs by the blood vessels.

The function of your lungs is to take in oxygen from the air and circulate it in the bloodstream. However, fluid accumulation in the lungs impairs the ability to supply oxygen in the blood. As the oxygen does not reach the blood, the body gets deprived of oxygen.

Causes
The most frequent cause of pulmonary edema is congestive heart failure. Some other causes of pulmonary edema are pneumonia, failure of the kidney, damage to the lungs, high blood pressure and sepsis of the blood (infection). Apart from these internal medical causes, certain external factors such as exposure to high altitudes, drug overdose and inhalation of toxic substances can also cause pulmonary edema.

Symptoms
The symptoms of pulmonary edema are coughing, swelling of the legs, breathlessness and wheezing. In case of severe pulmonary edema, symptoms such as respiratory failure, shock and organ damage due to lack of oxygen may occur.

Treatment
The initial step to treat pulmonary edema is to administer oxygen. Oxygen is given through a nasal cannula; it is a flexible tube made of plastic with two openings that allow oxygen to be delivered to the nostrils. The oxygen levels in your body are closely monitored by the doctor.

Based on the cause of pulmonary edema, the following treatments are administered:

  1. Morphine: Morphine is administered to reduce breathing difficulties and anxiety.
  2. Preload reducers: These medications help relieve the pressure in the lungs and the heart. Diuretics are a type of preload reducers; it is also known to cause excessive urination.
  3. Afterload reducers: Afterload reducers are medications that relieve pressure from the left ventricle by dilating the blood vessels.
  4. Use of blood pressure medication: Pulmonary edema caused by blood pressure changes i.e. if the disorder is caused by changes in your blood pressure, then blood pressure medications are administered to get your pressure back to normal levels. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2020 people found this helpful

Ways Pulmonary Edema Can be Treated!

MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Ways Pulmonary Edema Can be Treated!

Pulmonary edema is a disorder wherein fluid accumulates in the lungs leading to lack of oxygen in the body. The usual cause of pulmonary edema is congestive heart failure (the muscles of the heart are unable to pump blood). In this disorder, the heart has to work extra hard to pump blood, so this adds extra pressure on the blood vessels that are present in the lungs. In a bid to relieve this added pressure, fluid is released into the lungs by the blood vessels.

The function of your lungs is to take in oxygen from the air and circulate it in the bloodstream. However, fluid accumulation in the lungs impairs the ability to supply oxygen in the blood. As the oxygen does not reach the blood, the body gets deprived of oxygen.

Causes
The most frequent cause of pulmonary edema is congestive heart failure. Some other causes of pulmonary edema are pneumonia, failure of the kidney, damage to the lungs, high blood pressure and sepsis of the blood (infection). Apart from these internal medical causes, certain external factors such as exposure to high altitudes, drug overdose and inhalation of toxic substances can also cause pulmonary edema.

Symptoms
The symptoms of pulmonary edema are coughing, swelling of the legs, breathlessness and wheezing. In case of severe pulmonary edema, symptoms such as respiratory failure, shock and organ damage due to lack of oxygen may occur.

Treatment
The initial step to treat pulmonary edema is to administer oxygen. Oxygen is given through a nasal cannula; it is a flexible tube made of plastic with two openings that allow oxygen to be delivered to the nostrils. The oxygen levels in your body are closely monitored by the doctor.

Based on the cause of pulmonary edema, the following treatments are administered:

  1. Morphine: Morphine is administered to reduce breathing difficulties and anxiety.
  2. Preload reducers: These medications help relieve the pressure in the lungs and the heart. Diuretics are a type of preload reducers; it is also known to cause excessive urination.
  3. Afterload reducers: Afterload reducers are medications that relieve pressure from the left ventricle by dilating the blood vessels.
  4. Use of blood pressure medication: Pulmonary edema caused by blood pressure changes i.e. if the disorder is caused by changes in your blood pressure, then blood pressure medications are administered to get your pressure back to normal levels.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2522 people found this helpful

Pulmonary Edema - Ways It Can be Treated!

MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine, DNB - Pulmonary Medicine, MD - Internal Medicine, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Pulmonary Edema - Ways It Can be Treated!

Pulmonary edema is a disorder wherein fluid accumulates in the lungs leading to lack of oxygen in the body. The usual cause of pulmonary edema is congestive heart failure (the muscles of the heart are unable to pump blood). In this disorder, the heart has to work extra hard to pump blood, so this adds extra pressure on the blood vessels that are present in the lungs. In a bid to relieve this added pressure, fluid is released into the lungs by the blood vessels.

The function of your lungs is to take in oxygen from the air and circulate it in the bloodstream. However, fluid accumulation in the lungs impairs the ability to supply oxygen in the blood. As the oxygen does not reach the blood, the body gets deprived of oxygen.

Causes
The most frequent cause of pulmonary edema is congestive heart failure. Some other causes of pulmonary edema are pneumonia, failure of the kidney, damage to the lungs, high blood pressure and sepsis of the blood (infection). Apart from these internal medical causes, certain external factors such as exposure to high altitudes, drug overdose and inhalation of toxic substances can also cause pulmonary edema.

Symptoms
The symptoms of pulmonary edema are coughing, swelling of the legs, breathlessness and wheezing. In case of severe pulmonary edema, symptoms such as respiratory failure, shock and organ damage due to lack of oxygen may occur.

Treatment
The initial step to treat pulmonary edema is to administer oxygen. Oxygen is given through a nasal cannula; it is a flexible tube made of plastic with two openings that allow oxygen to be delivered to the nostrils. The oxygen levels in your body are closely monitored by the doctor.

Based on the cause of pulmonary edema, the following treatments are administered:

  1. Morphine: Morphine is administered to reduce breathing difficulties and anxiety.
  2. Preload reducers: These medications help relieve the pressure in the lungs and the heart. Diuretics are a type of preload reducers; it is also known to cause excessive urination.
  3. Afterload reducers: Afterload reducers are medications that relieve pressure from the left ventricle by dilating the blood vessels.
  4. Use of blood pressure medication: Pulmonary edema caused by blood pressure changes i.e. if the disorder is caused by changes in your blood pressure, then blood pressure medications are administered to get your pressure back to normal levels. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pulmonologist.
2742 people found this helpful

Renal Hypertension - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment!

MBBS, MD (Med), DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Mumbai
Renal Hypertension - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment!

Renal hypertension is a disorder, which is characterized by a rise in the blood pressure that results from kidney disease. The blood flow to the kidney is impaired due to the narrowing of the arteries and this leads to renovascular hypertension. 

Symptoms
The various symptoms of renal hypertension are: 

  1. You may experience symptoms of high blood pressure.
  2. Your kidneys may not function properly due to the impaired supply of blood
  3. It may lead to presence of blood in your urine
  4. You may be affected by pulmonary edema that results in accumulation of fluid in the lungs
  5. It may result in severe headaches and confusion
  6. You may experience blurred vision
  7. You may have nosebleeds
  8. The impaired kidney function may also lead to chronic kidney damage. 

Causes
The various causes of renal hypertension are: 

  1. Accumulation of cholesterol in the body may lead to blockage of the artery due to plaque buildup
  2. Smoking may increase your chances of getting affected by narrow arteries

The narrowing of the arteries causes a reduction in the blood supply to the kidneys. This results in the kidneys to release various hormones that instruct the body to hold on to water and sodium. This causes the fluid to accumulate in the blood vessels, thus resulting in high blood pressure. 
The various risk factors renal hypertension are: 

  1. Excessive alcohol consumption
  2. Substance abuse
  3. Diabetes
  4. High blood pressure
  5. High cholesterol
  6. Aging

Treatment
Medications used to treat high blood pressure are used to treat renal hypertension. It is important that you get your blood pressure levels checked on a regular basis. You need to make certain lifestyle changes such as: 

  1. Exercise on a regular basis to keep your heart and body healthy
  2. Limit consumption of alcohol and reduce smoking
  3. Eat well balanced meals to keep obesity at bay
  4. Keep your mind free of stress
  5. Restrict consumption of salt
  6. Maintain optimal weight levels

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a nephrologist.

3013 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My father has lung infection i.e water in lungs and also kidneys affected. When he has wheezing problem and consulted they said this. I suspect this is pulmonary edema. Can you please suggest where can it get treated at low cost.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Hi lybrate-user. One is by getting him treated in civil hospital. And other is by homoeopathic treatment. You can consult me through Lybrate. Total cost of treatment should not go beyond 5-6 ks.

Hiee! My dad suffered from pulmonary edema on the 10th of March. Though he is fine now but looks weak. Needed to know if I can take him to USA in the month of may - beginning. As it is a 17 + flight. Needed to know if its safe to take. Also he has cardiac history - bypass.

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Cause of pulmonary oedema appears to be cardiac. During long flight patient may go into pulmonary oedema again. Get echo and cardiologist opinion.
2 people found this helpful

My mother 68 recently diagnosed with chronic kidney disease and was admitted for pulmonary edema her sugar level suddenly went to 370 was on tab before. But now on insulin 6 units 3 times of regular and if pp at night more then 200 then rapid 2 units for 200 to 250 4 units 250 to 300. Now her sugar level fasting is in the range 100 to 130 and pp is 140 to 250. My question is that is it compulsory to take insulin can she switch to medicines. As as a elderly person she is getting tensed with pricks But heard that for chronic kidney disease patients tablets will effect the kidney please advice. One more concern like there are different tablets so is the insulin types are also different.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. Chronic kidney disease is one of the often seen complication of long standing diabetes. ANti -diabetic drugs do not cause damage to kidney, it is the diabetes itself which leads to kidney disease. Plus with such high glucose levels Insulin is the only best treatment. Oral drugs may not afford necessary control as her pancreas (beta cells) is unlikely to produce adequate insulin. Hence, supplement is essential. Insulin pens are a good way to inject, very much painless and easy to adjust the dosage. There are different types of insulin, but I am sure doctors have already given her the best suited one. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from sever scrotum edema due to over weight please tell me solution for this problem.

M.sc in dietetics and community nutrittion management
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Kolkata
To reduce weight do not take sugar,sweetened juice,fruit juice as these leads to body fat.Avoid fast foods,junk foods,processed foods.Eat small amount of food.Take more whole fruits,vegetables.Take extra protein foods for weight loss.Use healthy fat in cooking in small amount.Drink lots of water specially before meals.Use lukewarm water after meals.You can use lukewarm water with lemon juice on an empty stomach in the morning.Do regular exercise like swimming,skipping,push ups,sit ups,yoga,plank,squat.These will help you.