It is a condition in which fluid is filled in the lungs and it is also called lung congestion, lung water, and pulmonary condition. When the condition of pulmonary edema occurs struggle is done by the body to get enough oxygen otherwise there can be shortness in breath.
The initial symptom of pulmonary edema is when your body struggles to gain oxygen due to the increase in fluid in the main bloodstream. But the symptoms can get worse if treatment is not taken on time. These are the pulmonary edema in which the symptoms depends:
The diagnosis will be done by checking the amount of fluid in the blood or symptoms which cause pulmonary edema will be checked. The basic physical exam will be done by the doctor and use of a stethoscope, to look for the following symptoms like Increased heart rate, abnormal heart sound, crackling sound from the lungs, rapid breathing. Patient’s medical history will also be talked about if there is any symptom.
These tests will be recommended by the doctors: Chest X-ray, complete blood count, echocardiogram or ultrasound so as to check abnormal heart activity, ECG, a blood test to check the level of oxygen in the blood.
Pulmonary edema is a kind of disease which needs the quick reaction and the first line of treatment is oxygen.
Pulmonary edema can be fatal sometimes but if treated quickly and on time the outlook can improve. The treatment of the disease depends upon the cause of the disease and generally supplemental oxygen and medications are included.
These are the things that can be done to treat pulmonary edema at home:
Drugs that can cause pulmonary edema include tumor necrosis factor IV radiographic contrast agents, methotrexate, protamine, tamoxifen, carbamazepine, cytarabine, erythromycin, and hydrochlorothiazide.
Pulmonary edema vs pleural effusion:
Pulmonary edema occurs when there is an accumulation of fluid in the lung parenchyma because of the frequent cardiac attack on both sides while pleural effusion occurs fluid is trapped outside the tissue of the lung within the chest cavity and this is a more severe condition which can lead to the collapse of the lung itself.
Pulmonary edema vs. pneumonia:
Pneumonia is a condition which creates problems in the respiratory functions due to infection such as flu and it can be overlapped by pulmonary edema as it is a fatal disease in which there is an accumulation of fluid in the lung parenchyma.
To prevent pulmonary edema the patient must do as the doctor says thus keeping the condition under control. Maintaining a well-balanced diet can always help to reduce further risks. Regular exercising can improve the health of the heart.
Some of the additional things can be done like reducing the intake of salt, lowering the level of cholesterol, smoking must be stopped as it increases the risk of heart, lung diseases and circulatory problems.
Pulmonary edema can be fatal and can cause respiratory or cardiac arrest due to the accumulation of fluid in the air spaces and tissues of the lungs. But the disease if treated at a time can become less fatal.