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Overview

Rheumatoid Arthritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

This is a condition where one or more joints may be affected due to rheumatoid arthritis which is an inflammatory disorder and is chronic in nature. In few instances, different body systems may get affected as well such as the lungs, eyes, blood vessels, heart and skin. Rheumatoid arthritis happens when the bodily tissues get attacked by mistake by the immune system. Rheumatoid arthritis unlike osteoarthritis, affects the joint linings and causes swelling and pain which may eventually lead to erosion of bones and deformed joints. The inflammation resulting from rheumatoid arthritis may damage other body parts as well. New medicines have dramatically enhanced treatment options. If the arthritis aggravates further the arthritis can however be debilitating. The synovium (lining fluid for the joints), gets attacked in rheumatoid arthritis. This occurs as the synovium gets thickened as a result of the inflammation which with time may destroy the bone, cartilage and parts of the joint. The ligament and tendons holding the joint get stretched and weakened. With time the alignment and shape of the joint changes. Doctors are baffled about what rheumatoid arthritis is caused by. Genetics may play a role in the progression.

Diagnosis in the early stages may be difficult as the early symptoms and signs resemble quite a few other diseases. No single physical finding or blood test is there to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis. In a physical exam, the doctor checks the joints for redness, warmth and swelling. Muscle strength and reflexes may be tested as well.

The erythrocyte-sedimentation rate (ESR) or C reactive protein (CRP) is higher in people having rheumatoid arthritis. This might point towards the presence of inflammation in the body.

The doctor might suggest X-rays for tracking the progression of rheumatoid arthritis with time, in the joints. Ultrasound and MRI also helps the doctor in judging the severity of the disease. Your doctor might suggest an occupational therapist or a physiotherapist who can help teach you exercises for keeping the joints flexible. The therapist might suggest ways for performing daily tasks so as to ease the pressure on the joints.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Pain in the back, joints, or muscles. Stiffness, swelling and tenderness, of the affected muscles. Fatigue or malaise. Lumps or redness on the skin. Bump on the finger or swelling of the finger joints. Physical deformity and pins and needles sensation on the skin.

Popular Health Tips

Rheumatoid Arthritis - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!

Dr. Sandeep Shah 94% (57 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Advance Diploma in Psychological Counseling, Advance Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics, MD - Alternate Medicine, M.A. Sanskrit
Ayurveda, Indore
Rheumatoid Arthritis - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder in which the body recognizes the body's own system as foreign and produces an inflammatory reaction. The synovium which is the space between the bones and the joints and contains a lubricating fluid which allows easy movement of the joints. Inflammation of this space leads to painful, swollen joints that can also turn red and become stiff over a period of time. The joint surfaces can gradually progress to produce deformities (the swan-neck deformity of the hand for instance) and disability. Because it is an autoimmune disorder, the exact etiology is not known but a lifestyle, stress, cold weather are supposedly predisposing factors. That being the case, it is not surprising that Ayurveda has a variety of options, both in terms of do's and don't be to manage rheumatoid arthritis - both the severity of symptoms and further progression of the disease. Do's: A well-planned diet will help by supporting optimal functioning of the immune system and nourish the affected joints. People diagnosed with RA should follow a diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables. Drumsticks, bitter gourd, carrot, papaya, green leafy vegetables, etc., reduce inflammation and hyperactivity of the immune system. The antioxidant properties in these neutralize the free radicals circulating in the body (responsible for increasing inflammation). This helps control the longstanding inflammation of the joints. It is also advisable to eat them as whole fruits and not as juices. The fiber in the whole fruits helps digestion. Sprinkle pepper powder over cooling food items like cucumber and radish (or completely avoid eating such food). Include garlic which is an excellent remedy for RA, can be mixed with buttermilk. Whole grains such as wheat, brown rice, millet, barley are beneficial for RA, their high fiber content helps in proper digestion and promotes regular bowel movements. Aged honey mixed with plain water. Drink boiled milk to which dry ginger powder is added; this can replace tea and coffee. Milk mixed with turmeric powder is also helpful in controlling inflammation. Work at reducing weight. Don'ts: In addition to adding the above to your diet, there are some things to avoid, which can worsen symptoms of inflammation. Avoid overall unhealthy and irregular diet habits which affects the immune system and aggravates symptoms. Avoid sleeping during daytime and staying awake at nights. Avoid deep fried foods and fermented food items. Given its autoimmune nature, it is better to avoid regular allergy-inducing foods like dairy products, soy, peanuts, processed foods, artificial additives, etc. These could trigger an enhanced allergic reaction. Avoid alcohol, tobacco. Avoid tea and coffee and other caffeinated drinks. With simple daily food habit and lifestyle changes, the severity of RA can be managed effectively.
3 people found this helpful

Rheumatoid Arthritis - Ways It Can Be Treated!

Dr. Deepak Arora 86% (104 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
Rheumatoid Arthritis - Ways It Can Be Treated!
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune condition wherein the body s immune system mistakenly attacks the linings of the joint. This condition affects both sides of the body including the eyes, hands and legs. Unlike the depreciating damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis causes a distressful swelling that consequently leads to bone deformity and even erosion. As such, it is one of the more important characteristics of the condition which distinguishes it from other forms of arthritis. It often leads to debilitating disabilities. Risk factors and complications Factors such as obesity, smoking, age (affects mostly after the age of 40) and many environmental factors increase the risk of Rheumatoid arthritis. In severe cases, rheumatoid arthritis can lead to a plethora of other conditions such as: Dry mouth and eyes Osteoporosis Abnormal body composition Treatment Blood and imaging tests will first be carried out. Based on such diagnosis, you may be advised medications such as steroids or Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). Now in case of severe pain, one would have to take to surgery. Varying surgeries work on different joints of the body and some of these include: Arthroplasty: This procedure replaces all or a part of the joint for instance, the knee or the hip. Arthroscopy: A procedure which helps pull out inflamed tissue or debris from the required joint with the help of light, small instruments. Cervical spinal fusion: Pressure on the median nerve is eased with this procedure. Hands and foot surgeries: These procedures help correct dysfunctional joints of the hands, fingers, legs and toes. Synovectomy: Synovectomy helps remove more intricate tissues which are inflamed or otherwise. What to consider before you opt for one? Although these various surgeries often restore almost-normal movements in the patient, they can only do so in two or possibly three joints. And of course, it goes without saying that you should consult with an orthopaedist orthopaedic surgeon) experienced in arthritis and joint surgeries before opting for such.
5 people found this helpful

How Ayurveda Helps Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Dr. Dnyaneshwar Mitke 94% (894 ratings)
BAMS, MD, Panchakrma
Ayurveda, Nashik
How Ayurveda Helps Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis is allopathic terminology used for disease. According to ayurveda, it comes under vatvyadhi among all vatvyadhi, you can compare it with amavata and vatrakta it depends upon person to person symptoms. According to ayurveda, when a person comes to you first give langhana that is fasting so that amapachana is done i.e. for toxin removal then give dipan pachan drugs like guduchi amalaki mustha. Its kashay gives good resultm then in panchakrama, vaitarana basti plays an important role. It removes avarodha in the Channel. Sarvanga with saindhvadi tail is useful in medicines. You can take tablet - Rhumalya forte tablet, sinhanada guggul tablet, punarnava guggul syrup, rasna saptak kashay also plays an important role, for the local application you can use vishagarbha tail to avoid potato bringal toor dal, chana dal, thus by this way ayurveda helps in treating rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammation of this space leads to painful, swollen joints that can also turn red and become stiff over a period of time. The joint surfaces can gradually progresses to produce deformities (the swan-neck deformity of the hand for instance) and disability. Because it is an autoimmune disorder, the exact etiology is not known but lifestyle, stress, cold weather are supposedly predisposing factors. That being the case, it is not surprising that Ayurveda has a variety of options, both in terms of do's and don't's to manage rheumatoid arthritis - both the severity of symptoms and further progression of the disease. Do's: A well-planned diet will help by supporting optimal functioning of the immune system and nourish the affected joints. People diagnosed with RA should follow a diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables. Drumsticks, bitter gourd, carrot, papaya, green leafy vegetables, cabbage, etc., reduce inflammation and hyperactivity of the immune system. The antioxidant properties in these neutralize the free radicals circulating in the body (responsible for increasing inflammation). This helps control the longstanding inflammation of the joints It is also advisable to eat them as whole fruits and not as juices. The fiber in the whole fruits helps digestion Sprinkle pepper powder over cooling food items like cucumber and radish Include garlic which is an excellent remedy for RA, can be mixed with buttermilk Whole grains such as wheat, brown rice, millet, barley are beneficial for RA, their high fiber content helps in proper digestion and promotes regular bowel movements Honey mixed with water Drink boiled milk to which dry ginger powder is added; this can replace tea and coffee Milk mixed with turmeric powder is also helpful in controlling inflammation Work at reducing weight Don'ts: In addition to adding the above to your diet, there are some things to avoid, which can worsen symptoms of inflammation. Avoid overall unhealthy and irregular diet habits which affects the immune system and aggravates symptoms Avoid sleeping during daytime and staying awake at nights Avoid deep fried foods and fermented food items Given its autoimmune nature, it is better to avoid regular allergy-inducing foods like dairy products, soy, peanuts, processed foods, artificial additives, etc. These could trigger an enhanced allergic reaction. Avoid alcohol, tobacco Avoid tea and coffee and other caffeinated drinks With simple daily food habit and lifestyle changes, the severity of RA can be managed effectively. Along with do's and don'ts, follow ayurvedic treatment with proper ayurvedic physician. It will give much relief. RA is treated in Ayurveda very nicely but you require patience and dos pathya regularly. With the help of Panchakarma, ayurveda breaks the pathology of rheumatoid arthritis. With the help of medicines, we remove the toxins. And helps to treat the patient. Some drugs like mahavatvidvans ras. Vatgajankush ras mahrasnadi kadha. Helps to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
3652 people found this helpful

Knee Pain - Causes And Symptoms

Dr. Shrenik Shah 89% (1076 ratings)
Hand Surgery, M.S. (Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Ahmedabad
Knee Pain - Causes And Symptoms
Knee pain is something that can affect anyone - irrespective of their age. While sometimes it may be of minor importance - and can easily be handled by self-care, often, lingering pain is a manifestation of some other serious underlying problem, such as arthritis. In this case, it is imperative that you consult a doctor and take appropriate measures to combat it. Causes : Arthritis: The chief cause of lingering knee pain, arthritis itself can be of a number of types: Osteoarthritis, which is a result of deterioration of cartilages due to wear and tear Rheumatoid Arthritis, an inflammatory chronic disorder Septic Arthritis, causing pain, swelling and redness. Gout caused due to the development of uric acid crystals in the joints Soft tissues around knee can cause knee pain similar to osteoarthritis Bursa around knee can cause inflammation and pain Tendon insertion can cause insertional tendinopathy All these are amenable to conservative and non-invasive therapies like cold packs , NSAIDs, and local hydrocortisone injections. Tendinopathy responds very well to ESWT( Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy). Fractures: These are caused by the breaking up of the kneecap due to falls or collisions. ACL Injuries: Caused due to the tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament (that connects the femur and the shinbone). Especially common in sportspersons such as footballers or basketball players. Meniscus tears: The meniscus or the rubber-like cartilage (that acts as a shock absorber) can be torn by sudden jerks or excess pressure. Symptoms:The major symptoms of knee pain include weakness, redness, instability, stiffness or the inability to properly straighten or move the leg. Often, a deformity is also visible, such as a bone sticking out of the leg - in which case it is advisable to consult a doctor immediately. Possible risks: Factors which include the odds of being inflicted by knee pain and cause serious complications include : Being overweight: This exponentially increases the stress or pressure that is applied on the knee joints - even in doing mundane tasks like walking up and down stairs. Excessive physical activity: Some activities, such as sports apply excess stress on the knees as compared to other tasks. Loss of muscle flexibility: Tightness or weakness in muscles causes increasing number of problems in the knees.
4033 people found this helpful

Arthritis - How Homeopathic Line Of Treatment Can Benefit You?

Dr. Subhash Chander Gadde 85% (94 ratings)
MF Home, MBBS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Arthritis - How Homeopathic Line Of Treatment Can Benefit You?
Inflammation of the joints is a condition called as Arthritis. They predominantly affect the joints, and can severely hamper their movements bringing along with it severe discomfort and pain. Conventional methods to treat arthritis are mostly symptomatic and can be physically enduring, as most of them involve the usage of minimally invasive procedures and complex treatments. This is where homeopathy comes in and offers the best solution at a fraction of what other treatments cost. Come, let us take a look at how homeopathy helps in keeping the arthritis condition in check. Common symptoms and how does homeopathy help? The inflammations of the joints are chronic in nature and do not reduce on their own. Bone and joints are the most used part of a human anatomy and are susceptible to wear and tear in the long run. This causes the soft tissues between the bones to get destroyed. As a result of this, the bones get rubbed against each other leading to its swelling. Arthritis also causes severe pain and deformities in most of the cases. One of the main symptoms of arthritis is stiffness. The stiffness can sometimes occur after a prolonged period of rest. The condition affects the normal traits of a person and severely curtails his normal life. Though arthritis tends to affect people who are aged more, it is getting common among the younger generation too due to lifestyle changes. Arthritis can be hereditary too in some cases, and obesity is also one of the leading causes. Though conventional medication can treat arthritis, they all focus on eliminating the pain rather than eliminating the root cause. The condition certainly improves after the treatment, but there is every chance that arthritis might return. Homeopathy focuses on this fundamental principle of eliminating the disease at its root - thus offering the patient a chance of completely eradicating the symptoms. Homeopathy simply does not aim for short-term relief, but it focuses on the individual first in its treatment plan. Simply put, the homeopathic physician first understands the patient - His lifestyle, his work, his family background, etc. and only then focuses on the actual treatment. This is done to ensure that each and every treatment plan should be individualized and specific to the patient. The biggest advantage of using homeopathy is that there are absolutely no side effects. They completely cure and eradicate the inflammation by working in tandem with the immune system. Though the procedure might take some more time for the visible results, they offer a long standing solution in the treatment without any harmful effects. Value of homeopathic treatment Lifestyle changes have caused many complications to an otherwise healthy life. The body tends to get damaged more when we go for the conventional methods of medications as they mostly involve substances and chemicals that basically should not have any tryst with the human body. Homeopathy can be the best alternative to such methods as they are safe and proven to be extremely reliable in the long run.
4304 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My cousin is 30 years old female. Her joints are paining and rf factor is negative and ear level is 45. Is she suffering from RA.

Dr. Prem Chand 93% (870 ratings)
MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
Seronegative arthritis is also there. All symptoms are to be co-related. Such problems are completely treatable when both parts of the disease are treated treated i.e. Mind & body which is available online. Mind management of 3 to 4 hrs. & body sessions are needed for complete cure of the disease. More details on our Lybrate profile/personal statement column.

Can I have suggestion on foods I can eat and foods to avoid when dealing with rheumatoid arthritis. Thanks.

Dr. Nilesh Nolkha 90% (333 ratings)
DM - Rheumatology, MD - General Medicine
Rheumatologist, Mumbai
Eat healthily, take your medicines no other advice works or required. Don't believe in specific RA diets, they don't help. Junk food is bad for the body, as it is for RA. If you feel something is causing your RA to flare, avoid it. But most times wrong perpetuated myths give you psychological belief that certain foods cause arthritis, which has no conclusive evidence whatsoever. Best wishes

Sir I am suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. I have been taken homeopathic medicine rhustox 30 and kalmia 6 from 1 year my health is now improve but my right knee on which I have an acl surgery and left elbow still has sever pain so I ask for homeopathic anti miasmatic deep acting medications please sir suggest me some anti miasmatic deep acting medicine.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 87% (1895 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
As arthritis is very common that you get generally bilaterally. Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation. We also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. You can take Ultrasonic therapy in one of the nearby physiotherapy clinics which would help to heal the damaged cartilages along with shortwave diathermy which would help to improve the blood circulation. Knee cap will also help to prevent the damaged cartilages Simple Knee Exercies Specific knee exercises will also help ie. Keeping ball underneath the knee and keep pressing it. That's the simple exercise which will help you to strengthen the knee Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation. We also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. I also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. If your pain is more in the distal joints, ie. In the upper limbs if the pain is present in the fingers/wrist and in the lower limbs it the pain is present in the toes/ ankle, then we shall definitely say it is Rheumatic arthritis. Wear elbow brace and wrist brace which will make you to feel warm and that will make the joints become firm. Hot water fermentation will help Knee cap will also help to prevent the damaged cartilages.
2 people found this helpful

Sir I am suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. My RA factor is 252. My anti ccp is 150. I have take medication of homeopathy from last 1 year. My health is now better. And my pain is almost gone. My medication is rhustox 30, kalmia 6, thrice a day alternately. And basil 200 once a week. My problem is my right knee on which I have an acl surgery and left elbow this two area's pain is still there. So I ask for cam I use topi mp gel and topi arnica those two area externally with my medication for relief pain?

Dr. Seema Bali 94% (148 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, PGDMLS, Diploma in Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS), NDDY, Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery
Homeopath, Ghaziabad
Hey lybrate-user, as you are taking these medicines from last 1 year, now you need anti miasmatic deep acting medicines for deeper action. Also you may use these local applications too.
1 person found this helpful

I am 40 yes female suffering from rheumatoid arthritis since 10 years. I replaced my left knee and left hip joint. I am using saaz ds, hcqs,folitrax10 mg. Then also why my joints effected. suggest best treatment for me.

Dr. Rahul Bansal 91% (110 ratings)
Bachelor of physiotherapy, Masters in physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Zirakpur
Hello Madam. Thank you for contacting. A detailed examination is required. After hip and knee replacement surgery physiotherapy should be started. Rheumatoid arthritis affects multiple joints. Mostly due to genetic. Contact a physiotherapist. I hope this will help you.

Health Quizzes

Are ayurvedic remedies effective in treating depression?

Dr. Rajeshkumar Radadiya 92% (245 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Persistent irritability can be a symptom of depression. True or False? Take the quiz to find out!
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Ayurveda And Constipation

Dr. Manoj Virmani 91% (266 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Karnal
Severe constipation can cause the body to absorb all the toxins present in the body, thus causing diseases like asthma, colon cancer and arthritis. True or False? Take the quiz to find out!
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Best Exercises For Knee Pain

Dr. Sidharth Verma 90% (29 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology, DNB Anaesthesiology, PDCC - Pain Management
Pain Management Specialist, Mumbai
Squatting against a wall and exercising the hamstring will help reduce knee pain. True or False. Take this quiz to know now.
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Allopathy v/s. Homeopathy - Which is More Effective?

Dr. Pankaj Sen 91% (211 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Indore
In order to get the best results for acute problems, you should never trust medicines. True or False? Take the quiz to find it out.
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Treatment for Your Chronic Pain

Dr. Sanjay Sharma 87% (266 ratings)
Fellowship in Interventional Pain management , Diploma in Anesthesia, DA, MBBS
Pain Management Specialist, Jaipur
Chronic back pain may require surgery to fix it. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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