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Diet Chart For Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Last Updated: Aug 26, 2020

About Rheumatoid Arthritis

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Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the lining of joints, including hands and feet and swelling that leads to various joint problems. The basic and effective way to avoid this is by following a rheumatoid arthritis diet plan. Rheumatoid arthritis diet chart is prescribed by the doctor or dietitian to provide some relief from the joint pains.

Fish contains oil and omega 3 fatty acids that can help to get relief from pain. Make sure that you include cold- water fishes like salmon, tuna, mackerel in your diet plan. Research also says that fish oil can relieve you from stiffness and tender joint pains.

Another way to reduce inflammation is including high fibrous fruits and vegetables and whole grain in your meal plan for rheumatoid arthritis. This reduces the levels of reactors in blood that cause inflammation. The extra virgin olive oil contains components that can further help you reduce inflammation and relief from rheumatoid arthritis.

People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis can always opt for a Mediterranean diet chart that is rich in seafood, vegetables and nuts which can be the best one to cure or attain relief. Studies have shown persistent improvement and that individual experience a decrease in rheumatoid arthritis pain by fasting followed by a vegan diet plan for rheumatoid arthritis.

You can always include raw or moderately cooked vegetables, seasonal fruits, spices like ginger and turmeric, yoghurt to get faster relief from rheumatoid arthritis. Make sure you avoid consumption of processed food, oil, butter, high salt, sugar etc.

Make sure to confirm with your rheumatologist that any dietary change is alright for you. On the off chance that you have any dietary inquiries or concerns, consider counselling a dietician.

Diet chart for rheumatoid arthritis patient

Sunday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)4 rice Idly+ 1/2 cup sambhar(less dal)+1 tsp coconut chutney+1 glass milk(toned)/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size pear
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 jowar roti+1/2 cup rasam+1/2 cup cabbage sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM) 1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 bajra roti+1/2 cup bhindi curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Monday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1/2 cup cornflakes in 1 glass milk(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size guava
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 bajra roti+1/2 cup fenugreek buttermilk +1/2 cup mooli sabji
Evening (4:00-4:30PM) 1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 jowar roti+1/2 cup cauliflower curry + 1 cup cucumber salad
Tuesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)3 rice dosa+1/2 cup sambhar(less dal)+2 tsp curry leaves powder+1 glass milk(toned)/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size orange
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 jowar roti+aloo brinjal sabji+1/2 cup rasam+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM) 1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 bajra roti+lauki methi curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Wednesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)3 uthappam+2tsp methi chutney+1 glass milk/1 cup tea(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 banana
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 bajra roti+ 1/2 cup fenugreek buttermilk+1/2 cup french beans sabji
Evening (4:00-4:30PM) 1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 jowar roti+1/2 cup colocasia(arbi) curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Thursday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup bajra upma with vegetables+1 glass milk/1 cup tea(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm musk melon
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 jowar roti+1/2 cup snake gourd sabji+1/2 cup rasam+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM) 1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 bajra roti+ 1/2 cup ridge gourd(thori) curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Friday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)2 paratha(aloo/gobhi/methi) with 2 tsp green chutney+1 glass milk(toned)/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm pomegranate
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 bajra roti+1/2 cup fenugreek buttermilk+1/2 cup capsicum sabji
Evening (4:00-4:30PM) 1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 jowar roti+1/2 cup raw banana curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Saturday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Vegetable sandwich with 4 whole wheat bread slices+banana,cucumber, onion,lettuce+1 glass milk(toned)/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100 gm of pineapple
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 jowar roti+1/2 cup rasam+1/2 cup ivy gourd(parmal) sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM) 1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 bajra roti+1/2 cup tinda curry+ 1/2 cup cucumber salad

Rheumatoid Arthritis Diet Restrictions: Food Items To Limit

The food stuffs that limit calcium absorption should be limited.

  1. Phytates: Found in nuts, seeds and grains. They easily bind to calcium therefore limiting its availability for absorption. Try not to eat phytate-containing foods and dairy foods together.
  2. Oxalates: Found in sweet potatoes, rhubarb, spinach and beetroot. Very reactive molecules. Bind to calcium therefore reducing its absorption. Interfere with calcium storage in cells. Don’t eliminate these food just be aware that they are not the best providers of calcium.
  3. Alcohol: Interferes with vitamin D activation by the liver and kidneys. Inhibits vitamin D activating enzymes in the liver. It is a diuretic therefore it increases calcium excretion through urine. Increases Parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and therefore decreases calcium reserves in the body. Try to limit your alcohol intake.
  4. Caffeine: It is believed that caffeine decreases calcium absorption by interfering with vitamin D absoprtion. Caffeine is also a diuretic therefore it increases calcium excretion in the urine.

Do's And Dont's While Following Diet Plan for Rheumatoid Arthritis

To control rheumatoid arthritis, you can start making some simple changes in your lifestyles and food habits which are mentioned below, along with the diet plan mentioned above:

Do's:

  1. Include high calcium rich foods (beans, milk, cheese, tofu, fish, dry fruits)
  2. Eat fresh, alkalizing vegetables and fruits every day, preferably organic.
  3. Prefer home made foods over outside foods.
  4. Do check for iodine content on food labels.
  5. Include omega-3 rich foods such as fish, walnuts, almonds, flax seeds, olive oil, canola oil.

Don'ts:

  1. Avoid consumption of caffeinated products.
  2. Limit the intake of phosphorus containing foods- meat, soft drinks. Never consume Iron rich foods along with calcium rich foods as that might lead to malabsorption.
  3. Foods with high levels of oxalic acid such as spinach, collard greens, sweet potatoes, rhubarb and beans prevent calcium absorption. So don't consume calcium rich foods along with these foods.

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Food Items You Can Easily Consume in Rheumatoid Arthritis

  1. Cereals & cereal products: Ragi, bajra, whole wheat flour. Pulses & Legumes: Lentils, peas, kidney beans, chickpeas, toor daal, soy beans.
  2. Fruits & Vegetables: Custard apples, chikus, apple, white jamun, grapes, lemons, oranges, raw mangoes, carrots, beetroots, bottle gourd, bitter gourds, spinach, Indian spinach, colocasia, drumsticks, yam, taro, tapioca, coriander leaves, celery, spring onions, garlic, ginger.
  3. Milk & milk products: Milk liquid, curd, cottage cheese, ghee, chhach, lassi, custard.
  4. Meat, Fish & Poultry: Sweet and salt water fishes (especially beneficial if taken with bones), eggs, Chicken (lean and/or fowl).
  5. Nuts & Oils: Almonds, raisins, pista, walnuts, vegetable oil, mustard oil.
  6. Fortified breakfast cereals, juices, milk products, yogurt etc.,

References

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Written ByDrx Hina FirdousPhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child CarePharmacology
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Reviewed ByDt. Triveni KovvadaDiploma In Diet & NutritionDietitian/Nutritionist

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