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Osteoarthritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Osteoarthritis? What causes Osteoarthritis? Diagnosis:

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a medical condition which occurs when a protective cartilage which is placed at the ends of your bones wears down due to wear and tear. It usually affects the joints of your spine, hips, knees and hands. Osteoarthritis is considered the most common form of arthritis. Being active and leading a healthy lifestyle can slow down the development of this disease. Certain medications can also improve the joint function and improve pain.

What causes Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis usually occurs when the cartilage (a slippery and firm tissue that allows frictionless joint motion) which cushions the bones inside your joints start deteriorating. The surface beneath the cartilage starts becoming rough. If the cartilage is damaged completely, the bones can be rubbing together without a protective barrier in between. This can cause immense pain and discomfort.

Risk factors which can make you susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis:

  • Old age- When you start aging, your bones tend to grow weaker. This can cause Osteoarthritis.
  • Sex- Studies state that women are more prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
  • Obesity- Extra body weight can add more pressure and stress on the joints of your body, which can make the cartilage on your knees, hips and joints prone to more friction. Fat tissues also produce proteins which can cause chronic inflammation on your joints leading to Osteoarthritis.
  • Joint injuries- Injuries which occur while playing sports or from a fatal accident can increase your chances of developing Osteoarthritis. Injuries that have occurred several years ago can also make you develop Osteoarthritis in the future.
  • Some occupations- Certain jobs include tasks which put continuous stress on a particular joint. This region can easily get affected by Osteoarthritis.
  • Genetics- If one or both parents have Osteoarthritis, the child is also prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
  • Bone deformities- People who are born with a defective cartilage or malformed joint are more susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis.


Osteoarthritis can be diagnosed by an orthopedic specialist. Usually tests like Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or X-rays are performed. These tests confirm the cartilage loss and bone spurs surrounding the affected joint. Sometimes, lab tests like blood test and Joint fluid analysis is carried out to analyze joint or blood fluid levels in your bone. These tests also confirm whether or not you have Osteoarthritis. Sometimes symptoms of Osteoarthritis can be similar to joint infection, gout or rheumatoid arthritis.

Popular Questions & Answers

My mother is 47 years old she is having osteoarthritis she has pain in right leg she suffers from this from 3 years concert lot of doctors but no use.

Physiotherapist, Howrah
Physiotherapy with advance procedures is very much help here after see her x ray on both knees on a/p view proper assessment will done in this time can do some knee tight and relaxed excrise take online consultation.

My father is suffering in osthioartharities .now he can not walk. What can we do?

Integrated Medicine Specialist, Tirupati
Osteoarthritis is a painful condiction and patient will feel severe pain from the first step onwards. Take an x-ray if arthritis changes are severe then keeping in patient age 55 years and if he is not having any comirbidities I suggest go for kne...

I have been said that early osteoarthritis changes of both the knees. Is this curable by medication or any treatment required.

General Physician, Mumbai
Dear Lybrateuser, - yes, the symptoms & changes in the knees can be cured or stopped from progression by a well balanced diet, regular exercise & medication if required.

My mother is suffering from severe rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. She is having constant pain in the body joints especially knee, shoulder and neck. She is taking folitrax and antimalarial and pain killer medicines. And some Ayurveda medications also still there is no relief from last 3 years. She has been given vit d3, vit b complex injections. But, no permanent relief. Can you please suggest some good medicine for permanent relief from arthritis and osteoporosis.

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, F. KUMC, Fellowship in Joint Replacement, Fellowship in Arthroscopy, Cadaveric workshop in Knee and Shoulder Arthroscopy, Cadaveric Workshop in Knee Arthroscopy
Orthopedic Doctor, Vadodara
If arthritis is severe, she would need an intervention by a rheumatologist or an orthopedic surgeon. Some kind of surgery like replacement of joint or local steroid injection could help. As no detailed pictures or investigations are posted, teripe...
1 person found this helpful

Hi, My aged 58 years suffering from osteoarthritis for the last ten days. The right knee pains a lot during walking or when standing straight. Kindly suggest treatment.

Physiotherapist, Noida
Chiropractic adjustment will help. Quadriceps exercise hams stretching- lie straight, take the leg up, pull the feet towards yourself, with a elastic tube or normal belt. Repeat 10 times, twice a day. Sports taping- stretch the tape from both ends...

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