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Overview

Osteoarthritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Osteoarthritis is a medical condition which occurs when a protective cartilage which is placed at the ends of your bones wears down due to wear and tear. It usually affects the joints of your spine, hips, knees and hands. Osteoarthritis is considered the most common form of arthritis. Being active and leading a healthy lifestyle can slow down the development of this disease. Certain medications can also improve the joint function and improve pain.

What causes Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis usually occurs when the cartilage (a slippery and firm tissue that allows frictionless joint motion) which cushions the bones inside your joints start deteriorating. The surface beneath the cartilage starts becoming rough. If the cartilage is damaged completely, the bones can be rubbing together without a protective barrier in between. This can cause immense pain and discomfort.

Risk factors which can make you susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis:

  • Old age- When you start aging, your bones tend to grow weaker. This can cause Osteoarthritis.
  • Sex- Studies state that women are more prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
  • Obesity- Extra body weight can add more pressure and stress on the joints of your body, which can make the cartilage on your knees, hips and joints prone to more friction. Fat tissues also produce proteins which can cause chronic inflammation on your joints leading to Osteoarthritis.
  • Joint injuries- Injuries which occur while playing sports or from a fatal accident can increase your chances of developing Osteoarthritis. Injuries that have occurred several years ago can also make you develop Osteoarthritis in the future.
  • Some occupations- Certain jobs include tasks which put continuous stress on a particular joint. This region can easily get affected by Osteoarthritis.
  • Genetics- If one or both parents have Osteoarthritis, the child is also prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
  • Bone deformities- People who are born with a defective cartilage or malformed joint are more susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis.

Diagnosis:

Osteoarthritis can be diagnosed by an orthopedic specialist. Usually tests like Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or X-rays are performed. These tests confirm the cartilage loss and bone spurs surrounding the affected joint. Sometimes, lab tests like blood test and Joint fluid analysis is carried out to analyze joint or blood fluid levels in your bone. These tests also confirm whether or not you have Osteoarthritis. Sometimes symptoms of Osteoarthritis can be similar to joint infection, gout or rheumatoid arthritis.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Joint pain in the hands, neck, lower back, knees and hips Loss of flexibility. Grating sensation in the affected bones.

Popular Health Tips

Patella Dislocation - A Brief Insight!

Dr. Ravi C V 86% (13 ratings)
DNB, Fellowship in Pediatric Orthopedics
Orthopedist, Visakhapatnam
Patella Dislocation - A Brief Insight!
Have you ever experienced a sudden unbearable pain inside the kneecap? If yes, this could be a case of Patella dislocation. The condition can occur while doing any kind of physical activity, and you are most likely to have a swell in the joint, in which case medical attention is required. Read on to know more about this. What is Patella dislocation and what is the cause? The kneecap, also known as the patella lies in front of our knee joint. The patella glides up and down a groove known as the patellofemoral groove at the front of the femur or the thigh bone as the knee bends. The kneecap or patella is attached to the quadriceps muscle. It helps to increase the leverage from this group of muscle while straightening the knee. Patella dislocation happens when it is moved to the outside of the patellofemoral groove resulting in severe pain and disability if not treated properly. It can occur due to weak or inflamed joints, and genetic factors contribute to causing the issue as well. What is the Treatment? There are two types of treatment which are available for patella dislocation which is surgery and conservative treatment. Surgery can disrupt the normal growth of structures in the knee. So, doctors generally do not recommend knee surgeries for young people who are still in growing phase. There are many other complications of surgery such as reaction anesthesia or infections. Hence, conservative treatment is preferred which is a combination of physical therapy and rehabilitation. It reduces the chances of getting another knee injury and other knee related problems like osteoarthritis and patellofemoral pain syndrome. Normally RICE principles are applied to the injured knee, i.e., rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Doctors recommend applying ice to the injured knee for a duration of 10 to 15 minutes every hour unless the symptoms and swelling reduces. Who is at risk and how to prevent it? Those sports in which the foot is planted on the ground and body direction changes like basketball or soccer, the chances of the sportsperson experiencing this problem is high. An athlete who has suffered from patella dislocation earlier is at risk as well. For such cases, a knee support is to be used which can protect the joint. In the acute phase, it is needed to protect the patellofemoral joint which includes reducing loads by activity modification, postural correction, and shoe changes. Also, barefoot running can reduce patellofemoral joint stress. This is a common injury which typically takes around six weeks to heal, and with care, there would be no complications. Hence the key is to be aware and avail medical help on time.
1 person found this helpful

Few Factors That Can Cause Osteoarthritis

Dr. Gurinder Bedi 89% (10 ratings)
CCST(Internal Medicine), FRCS (Orth Surg), FRCS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB Orthopedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Few Factors That Can Cause Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a condition that causes cartilages in the joints of a human body to wear away. The joints in your body are made of bones and the ends of each bone have cartilages to prevent friction between them. Certain factors like age, nutrition or health threats can cause the cartilages to break down into bits and pieces. As a result, bones come into direct contact with one another causing the joints to swell or to turn tender. Take a look at the following factors that can cause osteoarthritis Stress on specific joints due to certain postures: The triggering cause behind acute joint pain could be the way you sit for long hours in a day. A sportsperson might face joint pains due to his or her occupation. Similarly, any person required to sit or stand for a long stretch of time due to his/her jobs can suffer from osteoarthritis as well. There might be a deformity in any of your joints: A person born with joint deformities might suffer from arthritic problems later in life. Severe accidents can lead to deformities too. You may have suffered injuries that resulted in the condition: Joint pains needn t always require an impactful injury. Mild or heavy injuries can lead to arthritis all the same. Defects in the joint cartilage could be passed on through genes. Age could also be a contributing factor: If a person is aging, his or her chances of developing osteoarthritis increase manifold. Age can make your bones and cartilages go weak. As you grow older, the capacity of your bones to absorb nutrition also decreases. Prevalent symptoms that help you identify Osteoarthritis A grinding sensation in the joints- A person suffering from osteoarthritis will experience continual bouts of grinding pain in the joints. This may keep him or her from walking, sitting, working or even resting. The grinding sensation is indeed disabling. You tend to face stiffness in the bones- Patients with this kind of arthritis have been reported with lacking flexibility in their joints. If they are sitting for too long, or have been inactive for some time or might have just woken up from sleep, they are likely to experience stiffness in their bones. Joints even turn sore in such situations. Extra bits of bones could create trouble- Extra bits of bones that develop at a later age are also referred to as bone spurs. They stick around the sore area and make movement a real challenge. Modes of treatment If Osteoarthritis is detected at an early age, it can be fought against using medications. However, when the disease is really discomforting, treatment procedures like acupuncture or regimented exercising can help a patient. Yoga also does wonders to remedy joint pain. Surgical procedures are also available but they should be fallen back upon as a lender of the last resort.
2602 people found this helpful

Common Ayurvedic Remedies For Rheumatoid Arthritis!

MD - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
Common Ayurvedic Remedies For Rheumatoid Arthritis!
Rheumatism is an auto-immune and chronic disease caused due to the abnormal swelling of the body joints in the knees or the shoulders. The symptoms of rheumatism include intense pain in the morning, mild fever with the pain, swollen joints resulting in immense pain, stiff joints, increased pain in cold climate and extreme tiredness. Doctors are still doubtful about the exact cause of the disease, but the weakened immune system might damage the joints. This makes obese people, smokers and women most susceptible to this disorder. According to Ayurveda, rheumatism is caused due to a major imbalance in the Vata or Kapha dosha. The Ayurvedic remedies aim for the restoration of the body s Vata/Kapha balance. Ayurvedic remedies help reduce the ama , the toxins produced by the body. The Ayurvedic remedies for rheumatoid arthritis are as follows: Boil a cup of mustard oil with camphor in it until the camphor dissolves well. Apply the lukewarm mixture on the affected areas once a day. This helps revive the blood circulation of the affected portion and subsequently reduces the abnormal swelling of the affected joints. You can take a few unpeeled slices of potato and soak them in a glass of cold water. Keep it for the night and drink it the next morning on an empty stomach. Do this every day to get rid of the pain. Include little amounts of ginger, garlic, and turmeric in your regular meals. This will help to reduce the inflammation and stiffness of the affected joints. Ayurvedic scriptures suggest that you should try and reduce the consumption of fish, red meat, curd, spinach and extremely chilled water as they might cause an imbalance in the vata . Applying a recommended amount of castor oil on the affected region helps reduce the inflammation and thus, the pain. A herbal preparation of celery seeds can be consumed daily in order to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
4386 people found this helpful

Knee Osteoarthritis and PRP Therapy - What Should You Know?

FIPM, DA, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Pain Management Specialist, Ghaziabad
Knee Osteoarthritis and PRP Therapy - What Should You Know?
Knee osteoarthritis is a common condition affecting the knee joints. This condition results from age related degeneration of joint cartilage and synovial fluid. This results in excessive stiffness, swelling, pain and decreased mobility due to loss of lubricant functions of joint cartilage. Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis: Treatment for knee osteoarthritis consists of anti inflammatory drugs, lifestyle modifications and knee exercises. In advanced stages where pain is severe or conservative therapy fails, replacement of knee joint is required. In many cases, knee replacement is not feasible or desired due to various reasons. For such cases, other treatment option is available in form of Platelet rich Plasma (PRP) injection in knee joint. How is PRP therapy done? The procedure involves drawing a sample of blood from the patient and then placing it in a Centrifuge machine which extracts the Platelet rich plasma (PRP) constituent from blood.The sample constitutes of platelets (blood cells) which consist of numerous healing and inflammatory chemicals. This PRP sample is injected in the knee joint under sterile precautions. This decreases inflammation, and promotes healing. Benefits of PRP therapy: The body s first response to soft tissue injury is to deliver platelets. Platelets carry cells, proteins, and other growth / healing factors that initiate repair and recruit stem cells. PRP therapy s natural healing process intensifies the body s efforts by delivering a higher concentration of platelets within the damaged joint. Research has shown PRP therapy to be very effective at relieving pain and returning patients to their normal activities. Both Ultrasound and MRI images have shown definitive tissue repair after PRP therapy, confirming the healing process. The need for knee replacement can also be greatly reduced by promoting repair of cartilage before joint damage becomes extensive. In fact PRP therapy works best when done in early stages of Knee Osteoarthritis. Relieves pain without the risks of surgery or general anesthesia. No hospital stay is required. The procedure is performed safely and takes approximately two hour including preparation and recovery time. In fact, most people return to their jobs or usual activities right after the procedure. Most patients require 2 to 3 sessions of knee PRP therapy. Side effects of PRP Therapy: The procedure is free of side effects when done by experienced pain specialists. Since the therapy involves injecting patient's own blood derivative, it is a safe procedure.
4039 people found this helpful

Osteoarthritis - How You Can Reduce The Risk?

Dr. Murali Krishna 91% (108 ratings)
DNB (Orthopedics), MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Visakhapatnam
Osteoarthritis - How You Can Reduce The Risk?
The condition of osteoarthritis is very common as you age. The condition is said to affect women more than men and is mainly due to the low estrogen levels that women tend to experience once they cross the age of 50. What causes this most common form of arthritis? The problem of osteoarthritis (oa) takes place when the soft but firm connective tissue is known as cartilage found in between bones of your joints (such as knees, ankles or elbows) deteriorates. This soft connective tissue is vital for ensuring frictionless motion of joints. During osteoarthritis, the surface of this tissue takes on a rough texture, and consequently, it wears down completely. What can you do to reduce the risk of developing osteoarthritis? There are several simple ways that you can employ to prevent this condition from occurring and these are: Maintain a healthy body weight: Being overweight is one of the leading risk factors for osteoarthritis. The extra body weight causes additional pressure to be exerted on weight-bearing joints like knees and hips. As time passes, this additional strain damages the cartilage that acts as pads between bones of the joints. Additionally, the extra body weight also causes your body to produce a destructive protein known cytokines, leading to inflammation of the joint areas. Maintain an optimal blood sugar level: High levels of glucose in your body bring about the development of certain chemicals that make cartilage rigid and more susceptible to mechanical stress. Controlling abnormal blood sugar levels is vital for reducing this risk of inflammation that can lead to the loss of cartilage and joint damage. Indulge in physical activity: Indulging in any kind of physical can help in keeping your joints healthy. You need to spend about 30 minutes of each day on performing the moderately intense exercise. This will ensure not only the ability of your joints but also make stronger the muscles that hold up and steady your hips and knees. Have a well-balanced diet: Including certain foods in your diet can help in reducing your chances of developing osteoarthritis. A well-balanced diet that prevents oa should consist of ample amount of omega - 3 fatty acids, vitamin d and vitamin c. While fatty fish like tuna and salmon, eggs, sunlight etc are considered to be good sources of vitamin d, strawberries, tomatoes and potatoes are just a few of the food sources that you can consider for meeting your vitamin c requirements. For meeting your omega - 3 fatty acids requirement, you can consume fish oil as well as plant or nut oils.
2741 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Kindly tell more about pool exercises for knee oa patients as this is NOT a very known n popular treatment in india. Exactly what should be done inside pool n how much depth of pool?

Dr. Ritesh Kharnal 89% (586 ratings)
MSPT (Master of Physical Therapy)
Physiotherapist, Indore
That is called aqua therapy. And up to your lower spine you have to be in pool and then walk front side and back with leg straight and do flexon and extension of knee joint.

Which gym machines can be used for OA of knee patients? I am doing 1000steps, hydro therapy, physio therapy. please reply as I have to use gym for my periods time.

Dr. Mukesh Vyas 87% (522 ratings)
BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Pune
Hello madam, gym is very helpful for OA patients even many diseases and normal people too. You have to do free movement exercises rether then machine like squote, lunges. But if you are interested in machine only then you can use leg press, quadriceps curl, hemstring curl, calf up and down etc. Don't do treadmills for walking or running you have to go in open for this.

Having OA in both knee joints. Can I take Voveran SR100, 1 tab, on daily basis, for long duration, say for 3/4 months? Is there any alternative which will give same relief, but less side effects?

Dr. Venkatesh Mishra 91% (82 ratings)
Doctor of Osteopath, MSPT (Master of Physical Therapy), BPTh/BPT, MSc Osteopathy, Certification In Applied Manual Therapy, Certification From Bell Rogerouth & Harris / Upper and Lower Quadrant Dysfunction, Certified Dry Needling Practitioner, Certified Wheel Chair Trainer
Physiotherapist, Lucknow
Start physiotherapy and exercises is the only solution that helps you. OA is degenerative disease. So some strengthening exercises really works for you.

Hi, I have question regarding the alternative of Potencies if particular potency is not available for making combination for Osteoarthritis treatment the below dilutions will be suggested for making combination 1.Argent mettalicum 3X 2. Rhus toxicodendron 3X 3. colchicine 3X 4. Nyctanthes arbortristis 3X 5. Symphytum officinale 3X 6. Ruta graveolens (Ruta) 3X 7. Hecla lava 3X but the from above 3 medicines not available in dilution of 3x. I have question is the any other way to make the combination of above medicines in 6ch potency dilution or any other potency power. Thanks.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 92% (7138 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Simple Knee Exercise Specific knee exercises will also help ie. Keeping ball underneath the knee and keep pressing it. That's the simple exercise which will help you to strengthen the knee Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation. We also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. I also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. Knee pain more than 2 weeks:if your knee is paining since 2 weeks, then you have to rethink whether you had any injury in the previous years. I also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. As arthritis is very common if anyone would've neglected any injury in the previous years. You can take Ultrasonic therapy in one of the nearby physiotherapy clinics which would help to heal the damaged cartilages along with shortwave diathermy which would help to improve the blood circulation. Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation.

Hi, is PRP therapy available in Pune for Knee OA patients? If so then kindly provide the address and contact details. Also, patient's knee is almost degenerated so PRP will help? Thanks.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 92% (7138 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Simple Knee ExerciesSpecific knee exercises will also help ie. Keeping ball underneath the knee and keep pressing it. That's the simple exercise which will help you to strengthen the knee Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation. We also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. I also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. Knee pain more than 2 weeks:if your knee is paining since 2 weeks, then you have to rethink whether you had any injury in the previous years. I also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. As arthritis is very common if anyone would've neglected any injury in the previous years. You can take Ultrasonic therapy in one of the nearby physiotherapy clinics which would help to heal the damaged cartilages along with shortwave diathermy which would help to improve the blood circulation. Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Knee Replacement - When It Is Required?

Dr. Madu Sridhar 91% (43 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, M.Ch Trauma & Ortho, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Chennai
Osteoarthritis is the main reason for knee replacement. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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1504 people took this quiz

Knee Replacement - When Should You Go For It?

Dr. Mukesh Kumar Agarwal 89% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, DNB (Orthopedics)
Orthopedist, Guwahati
Osteoarthritis is the main reason for knee replacement. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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285 people took this quiz

Rheumatoid Arthritis - Interesting Facts About It!

Dr. Sree Hari Reddy Gadekallu 89% (45 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellowship in Rheumatology
General Physician, Khammam
There is no link between rheumatoid arthritis and smoking. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.
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86 people took this quiz

Knee Replacement - Quick Facts About It?

Dr. Nakul Shah 87% (25 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics
Orthopedist, Pune
Is it natural to feel pain after the surgery. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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36 people took this quiz

Arthritis - Few Common Facts!

Dr. L Tomar 88% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, M.Ch, FICS(USA)
Orthopedist, Delhi
Arthritis only affects people of old age. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.`
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77 people took this quiz

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