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Common Treatments


X- Ray - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A very handy imaging test, X-rays have been used for medical purposes for a very long period of time. It helps a doctor study the bone structure and muscles of the body, without performing a surgical procedure. An X-ray allows diagnosis of a number of minor conditions, which can then be effectively treated.

It is generally a very quick procedure and quite painless. X-rays are mostly used to check for broken bones. But they are also done to detect other conditions and health problems. For instance, the doctor may recommend a mammogram (an X-ray of the breasts) if he/she suspects breast cancer. Similarly an X-ray of the chest may be done to detect pneumonia. An X-ray is also done to check how well a treatment is progressing. A doctor may recommend an X-ray to detect various problems like arthritis, infections, tooth decay, lung problems as well as locating swallowed items.

The radiation that one is exposed to when he/she gets an X-ray done is generally in very small amounts and therefore does not cause much damage. An X-ray test does pose to be risky but in the case of most individuals, the benefits of the test outweigh than the potential risks.

How is the treatment done?

There are no special steps required for one to prepare for this test. Depending on the part of the body that needs to be X-rayed, one should put on loose clothes to be comfortable. Ensure that you are not wearing any jewelry during the time of the X-ray. Patients are generally asked to change into a hospital gown before the X-ray is done. Depending on the kind of X-ray being done a dye may also be administered for clarity of images.

The technician doing the test should be informed if you have any metal implants from a previous surgery. The implants can come in the way during an X-ray and make the images blurry.

The X-ray is generally done at a hospital’s department of radiology, or a diagnostic centre. Once you have changed for the test, the technician will guide you to position the part of your body which has to be X-rayed. You will be asked to stand, lie down or sit depending on the requirements. While the images are being taken one should stay still to ensure clarity of the picture. The test is completed once the technician is satisfied with the images that he has taken.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any healthy adult or child can undergo and X-ray.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

An X-ray makes use of radiation to take images of the body. Very small quantity of radiation is used during the test, which is quite safe for adults but can be highly damaging to a foetus. Thus, pregnant women should inform their doctors if they are asked to undergo an X-ray. An alternative form of imaging test, like an MRI, can be opted for in this case.

Are there any side effects?

In case the X-ray is being performed to detect a broken bone, slight pain and discomfort may be experienced during the test. This is because one needs to hold the body very still during this imaging test.

If a dye is administered for an X-ray, some side effects may occur, such as- itching, hives light-headedness, a feeling nausea and bad taste in the mouth. The dye can also lead to severe side-effects like an anaphylactic shock or a heart attack. But such reactions are very rare. If you are showing symptoms of either of the severe reactions get in touch with your doctor immediately.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Once the X-ray is done and the patient has changed into his own clothes, the doctor assesses his/her condition. Accordingly, he/she is advised to return back to his routine activities or take some rest. Once the results of the X-ray are in, the images are reviewed and depending on the severity of the problem, a relevant treatment is advised. Additional tests may also be advised after the X-ray reports are in. These tests include other types of imaging scans like an MRI and blood tests.

How long does it take to recover?

Depending on the kind of X-ray that is done one can resume daily activities immediately or rest for some time to recover from the test.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

X-ray imaging costs about Rs 250- Rs 700 in India. The price may be more if an advanced form of X-ray is required.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

X-ray is an imaging test, which is done to diagnose a medical problem. There are no permanent results associated with this procedure

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

An ultrasound test and MRI scan are effective alternatives to an X-ray.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Very Low Price Range: Rs. 250 - Rs. 700

Popular Health Tips

IVF Ray Of Hope For Infertile Couples

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad

A woman when gets married has dreams of making a beautiful family. This family gets completed when a baby enters the loving world of his parent's care. The dream of becoming a mother is the most desired one for a woman. Those, who for some reasons are not able to become a mother, there is a ray of hope in vitro fertilization (IVF). This blessing called in vitro fertilization (IVF) is a service that is provided by many hospitals nowadays. Ivf is a fertility treatment that one or both partners can use to step up their chance of having a baby. Ivf is a process which is a simple and painless way to become a parent.

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is usually utilised for women having inoperative fallopian tubes and men who are infertile. For couples who have tried other treatments for becoming a parent, and have not been successful, in vitro fertilization (IVF) is a blessing.

What is in vitro fertilization?

The couple is evaluated first to find out the cause of infertility and mode of treatment decided.

In IVF first female is given some injections to stimulate ovaries depending upon injection protocol like long or short protocol.

Once follicles are ready then trigger injection is given for egg maturation.

Once follicles are mature after 36hours of trigger injection eggs are removed under anaesthesia.

Then eggs and sperms are fertilised, keep in culture to form embryos which are transferred to the uterus depending upon embryo status and uterine lining.

What is embryo freezing

In some cases when there is a risk of hyperstimulation then instead of going ahead with embryo transfer embryos are frozen and transferred to the uterus in next cycle once lining is ready called as frozen embryo transfer.

Whenever some extra embryos are produced can be frozen for years.

Unfortunately, if one cycle doesn't work then frozen embryos can be used for the second round.

If lucky you may conceive in first round those frozen embryos can be used for the second child.

3 people found this helpful

BDS, MDS, MBA (Healthcare), FAM
Dentist, Hyderabad
Why a Dentist takes an X Ray!
2 people found this helpful

Hazards Of X-RAY

BHMS, Certificate in Gynaecology & Obestric, MD - Homeopathy, Ph.D Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
Hazards Of X-RAY
Pregnant women should avoid being exposed to X-Ray, especially in the 1-4 months of pregnancy it may cause serious ill effects on the child prolonged exposure to x-ray may cause sterility hair loss is also reported due to prolonged exposure to x-rays.

1 person found this helpful

MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
When it comes to damaging sun rays, skin protection is a top priority for many. But there is another area that needs to be brought into focus – the eyes.

Deep heat

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Kota
Deep heat

Sun rays can burn even through thick glass, and under water. Up to 35% of UVB rays and 85% of UVA rays penetrate thick glass, while 50% of UVB rays and 75% of UVA rays penetrate a meter of water and wet cotton clothing. 

Which means you’ll need sunscreen while driving your car on holiday, and water resistant block if you’re swimming.

2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

What should be the time gap between two xray? To what extent rays harm the body in a spinal cord xray?

MD - Radio Diagnosis/Radiology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Radiologist, Delhi
There is no prescribed limit for time gap between 2 xrays. Diagnostic Xrays are not harmful in single or 2-3 sittings even if done at short intervals.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Briefing On Sunscreen
It is important to use sunscreen. It gives protection from UV rays. Good quality sunscreens do not have any fragrance. Its important that you choose the correct product for yourself.
Play video
Dental Implants for Missing Teeth
Detail and advantages of Dental Implant procedure

Hello, everyone. I am doctor Aman Ahuja. I am an implantology and a digital smile specialist working in Gurgaon. Today I am going to tell you about problems associated with missing teeth. Generally we think that the once the teeth are is extracted and probably once all the pain is gone and there is no other problem but the real thing is that the problem starts once you get the teeth extracted. Yes it is true. Once you get your teeth extracted the real problem starts then. What are the problems associated with missing teeth is my main topic for today. If you see to the video nearby. If you see the problems associated with missing teeth this video will explain you the details. Once teeth are missing any particular teeth in any part of your jaw.

For example if a lower molar is missing as you can see in the video over a period of time from 5 to 10 years you will see that the adjacent teeth will try to take its place and slowly they become bad. You will see the way the other teeth are coming and trying to take its place. Sorry over a period of time there will be four logement and ultimately your 3 teeth become loose because of just missing teeth. It is just like if you remove a brick from a wall, the whole world becomes weak. The same happens. Over a period of time if can observe some mild pain in few cases. So what is the perfect? How can we prevent this damage because of missing teeth. In this video we will give you the two solutions of a missing teeth.

Gone days when we used to give denture removable dentures and things like that. Hair we have the two solutions or fix teeth. As you can see in both cases we have one thing this is the implant option. Implant goes into the bone followed by the abutment along with a fixed teeth or a Crown it is cemented are screwed. So this is once a best solution that is dental implant. Once we decide we have to go for dental implants main question arises like does implant suits me? Can I go for dental implant? Is it painful? Lots of questions in your mind. All you need to do is take one x-ray and visit your dentist. The dentist will observe the quality of your Bone and will suggest you about the dental implant which will sort you.

Once you take your x-ray to the dentist he will observe the quality of the bone, your medical conditions and then you can proceed with the dental implant procedure. How many implants are required for you that can be assessed after we observe the X-ray. As lese as six implants can support one job for one individual teeth one implant can support. So how long will be the duration that exactly can be assessed after we observe your x-ray.

For any other details about dental implants you can definitely contact me on lybrate.
Play video
Importance Of Sonography In Pregnancy
Hello friends,

Dr Jayanti, IBS consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist practicing at srishti fertility care centre and women's clinic Mumbai.

Today I will be talking on a very hot topic is sonography really needed in pregnancy whenever patients are advanced sonography they always have this fear is sonography harmful to my baby and doctor why are you advising so many sonography. So friends today I'll be clearing your doubts about sonography. Believe me sonography is a very safe investigation because in sonography only sound energy of sound waves called Ultrasonic waves are used and these are very harmless and patient have developed this fear about sonography because in ancient times sometimes pregnant patient is used to be advised to take an x-ray and the doctor is not sure whether there is enough space for the baby to come out during normal delivery.

So to assess that when there was no sonography sometimes a patient should be advised X-rays and X rays are harmful to the foetus but today we are not doing X-rays anymore we are using for sonography and sonography is very safe at any time of pregnancy for when should the first sonography be done lot of people have this may babies small small doctor why are you advising sonography at this stage so when is when should ideally with the first sonography done in pregnancy in the first sonography has to be done between 6 to 8 weeks.

Why you should not do it very early because we won't be able to see anything you should Ideally be done between 6 to 8 weeks and why should we do it so early first of all to confirm the pregnancy and for fetal wellbeing whether the baby is growing well and thirdly we need to see the Heartbeat of the baby I am seeing the habit of the baby is sheer bliss for us and IVF consultant and patience keep calling me experticaly saying that doctor why UPTU has come positive my pregnancy test has come positive so should we do a sonography. I always tell them to be patient weight for 6 to 8 weeks and then do a sonography to see the heartbeat other thing is weather the foetus is single or multiple whether it is only one baby or more than one baby.

The last but not the least to rule out ectopic pregnancy whether the pregnancy is growing inside the uterus which is normal or the pair pregnancy is growing outside the uterus so what happens if the pregnancy is going outside the uterus opos chef in the tubes because tubes is the commonest site for ectopic pregnancy week pregnancy in grows at a site other than the uterus it can cause a lot of complications and life threatening problem suppose it grows in the tube that you can rupture that can be a lot of bleeding the patient can go into shock so for all this things we need to do sonography at early stage between 6 to 8 weeks then when should be the next sonography be done the next sonography is should be done.

I really between 11 to 13 weeks we call it has the early anomaly scan what do you mean by Anomalous the various abnormality is which we can see at that stage of life so 11 to 13 weeks will be the early anomaly scan after that the patient needs to do sonography at 18 to 20 weeks of this is the late anomaly scan so what we do in this sonography is actually a special sonography takes a lot of time on the relations path because the patient needs to see all parts of the baby in the heart the spine the fingers and all these things to know whether the baby is normal or not and then the latest can select 26 to 28 weeks of 34-36 weeks for every time we do a solo graphy it is true in East sonography is it different parameters we don't be the same thing cause has the baby grows that a different things which need attention for Friends rest assured whenever you are doctor advice is sonography please get it done because it is actually a boon for a speak and diagnose so many things by doing sonography and help the mother and the baby to be healthy.

And wish you all a safe and Happy pregnancy thank you if you have any doubt about prgnancy you can contact me at

Play video
Here is cause,symptoms and treatments of Pigmentation

Hi, I am Dr. Deepa Kanchanl practicing Dermatologist and Cosmetologist from Mumbai since the last sixteen years. Today I would like to talk on an important topic which is of aesthetic importance to a lot many people that is Pigmentation. Pigmentation on the skin can come because of excessive production of melanin by the cells of the skin. Normally there is increase in production of melanin by stimulation of the cells by ultraviolet rays coming from sunlight or other sources. This can lead to tanning that is generalised increase in the pigmentation or it can be patchy skin but other than ultraviolet rays there can be other reasons for increase in pigmentation like deposition of certain proteins under the skin, drug reaction or post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, post burns or chemical injuries, acne or any other liaison appearing on the skin.

So, when you want to get rid of pigmentation finding of the most appropriate cream depending upon the cause is very important. Generally, it is seen that people end up using creams suggested by their friends or somebody who have used it and have got good results but they don t know what are the contents and how each cream acts and what are the side effects and eventually end up using the cream in excessive quantity for a long period of time. This can lead to a lot of side effects like increase of hair on the skin or the thinning or redness of skin, pimples or paradoxically increase in the pigmentation on the skin, this is known an Ochronosis which occurs because of deposition of the same depigmenting cream underneath the skin this can be very difficult to treat or rather impossible to treat.

So it is my suggestion that whenever you want to get rid of pigmentation it is important to analyse the cause of it and how the cause can be removed, what protection can be taken so that there is no further increase in the pigmentation and have a realistic expectation as to how pigmentation can go away as people generally are looking for a quick fix reply as to how this can disappear completely and forever without coming back again. People are not bothered about protection, whereas protection is the key in pigmentation, so protection from the UV rays by application of sunscreen or protection with a cloth or avoidance of sunlight in the peak sun hours is very important. How to use the sunscreen, how much quantity and for what duration to be applied? All these play a very important role.

So protect more than curing for further information you can contact on Thank you.
Play video
Radiation Therapy To Treat Cancer

I am Dr Harpreet Singh. I am a doctor in as senior consultant radiation oncology action Cancer Hospital Paschim Vihar New Delhi.

My topic is going to be about cancer treatment and the role of radiotherapy in that radiotherapy is the most important type of treatment which is given for treatment of cancer. We use rays of high energy to treat cancer. In this modality the treatment is painless and the principal is that the high energy X-rays or Gamma Rays which we used to treat they kill the cancer cells which divide rapidly but the difference is that the cancer cells they cannot recover but the normal cells they can recover after radiation treatment.

Nowadays we see that 60% of all the cancer patients receive radiotherapy as a part of the treatment radiation is again of two types one is external radiotherapy which give from distance and other is internal therapy for which we keep radioactive sources inside the tumor or near the tumor external radiotherapy also called teletherapy and has seen many advances 5 to 10 years the teletherapy or the external radiotherapy has seen lot of advances in last decade or so where we have come from age of many side effects.

Nnow negligible or you can say long term side Effects are negligible in these patients where we treat with cancer the various forms of Advanced treatment at we have 3D conformal radiotherapy IMRT intensity-modulated radiotherapy which we can give very high doses of radiation to the tumor and at the same time do this to the normal organs are within the tolerance limits and the side effects are very less similarly the other forms of Advanced treatments that we have is ITRT VMAT a rapid 8 as we call it and now a days we have lot of patients on SEO tactics radiotherapy which is very high conformal radiotherapy treatment in which patients are given a very high dose of radiation which will be completed in 2 or 3 fittings only compared to what 5 to 6 weeks which is routinely given all these facilities are currently available in our setup at action Cancer Hospital.

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