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Overview

X- Ray - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A very handy imaging test, X-rays have been used for medical purposes for a very long period of time. It helps a doctor study the bone structure and muscles of the body, without performing a surgical procedure. An X-ray allows diagnosis of a number of minor conditions, which can then be effectively treated.

It is generally a very quick procedure and quite painless. X-rays are mostly used to check for broken bones. But they are also done to detect other conditions and health problems. For instance, the doctor may recommend a mammogram (an X-ray of the breasts) if he/she suspects breast cancer. Similarly an X-ray of the chest may be done to detect pneumonia. An X-ray is also done to check how well a treatment is progressing. A doctor may recommend an X-ray to detect various problems like arthritis, infections, tooth decay, lung problems as well as locating swallowed items.

The radiation that one is exposed to when he/she gets an X-ray done is generally in very small amounts and therefore does not cause much damage. An X-ray test does pose to be risky but in the case of most individuals, the benefits of the test outweigh than the potential risks.

How is the treatment done?

There are no special steps required for one to prepare for this test. Depending on the part of the body that needs to be X-rayed, one should put on loose clothes to be comfortable. Ensure that you are not wearing any jewelry during the time of the X-ray. Patients are generally asked to change into a hospital gown before the X-ray is done. Depending on the kind of X-ray being done a dye may also be administered for clarity of images.

The technician doing the test should be informed if you have any metal implants from a previous surgery. The implants can come in the way during an X-ray and make the images blurry.

The X-ray is generally done at a hospital’s department of radiology, or a diagnostic centre. Once you have changed for the test, the technician will guide you to position the part of your body which has to be X-rayed. You will be asked to stand, lie down or sit depending on the requirements. While the images are being taken one should stay still to ensure clarity of the picture. The test is completed once the technician is satisfied with the images that he has taken.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any healthy adult or child can undergo and X-ray.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

An X-ray makes use of radiation to take images of the body. Very small quantity of radiation is used during the test, which is quite safe for adults but can be highly damaging to a foetus. Thus, pregnant women should inform their doctors if they are asked to undergo an X-ray. An alternative form of imaging test, like an MRI, can be opted for in this case.

Are there any side effects?

In case the X-ray is being performed to detect a broken bone, slight pain and discomfort may be experienced during the test. This is because one needs to hold the body very still during this imaging test.

If a dye is administered for an X-ray, some side effects may occur, such as- itching, hives light-headedness, a feeling nausea and bad taste in the mouth. The dye can also lead to severe side-effects like an anaphylactic shock or a heart attack. But such reactions are very rare. If you are showing symptoms of either of the severe reactions get in touch with your doctor immediately.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Once the X-ray is done and the patient has changed into his own clothes, the doctor assesses his/her condition. Accordingly, he/she is advised to return back to his routine activities or take some rest. Once the results of the X-ray are in, the images are reviewed and depending on the severity of the problem, a relevant treatment is advised. Additional tests may also be advised after the X-ray reports are in. These tests include other types of imaging scans like an MRI and blood tests.

How long does it take to recover?

Depending on the kind of X-ray that is done one can resume daily activities immediately or rest for some time to recover from the test.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

X-ray imaging costs about Rs 250- Rs 700 in India. The price may be more if an advanced form of X-ray is required.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

X-ray is an imaging test, which is done to diagnose a medical problem. There are no permanent results associated with this procedure

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

An ultrasound test and MRI scan are effective alternatives to an X-ray.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Very Low Price Range: Rs. 250 - Rs. 700

Popular Health Tips

Lung Cancer

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 90% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Lung Cancer
Lungs are two cone shaped spongy organs of respiration are contained within the pleural cavity of the thorax. They are connected with pharynx through trachea larynx. The base rests on the diaphragm. The primary purpose of the lungs is to bring air blood into intimate contact so that oxygen can be added to the blood carbon dioxide can be removed. Adenosarcoma use ally arise from outer areas of the lungs. Cancer may appear as an ulcer in the windpipe, a nodule or small flattened lump blocking the air tubes. It may invade surface of tubes & extend to lymphatics blood vessels. About 40 to 45% of lung cancers are squamous cell cancers. This cancer, even well advanced, produces no out ward symptoms. Cough is the most common symptom it may also triggger shortness of breath wheezing. Cough can be taken as ordinary symptom & this is way treatment is delayed. By the time, lung cancer is found the patient is nearly dead. 80% about of lung cancers are produced by smoking. Sometimes coal tar asbestos products can also produce it. Smoking causes lung cancer in two ways. First of all smoke inhalation damages the normal cleaning process by which the lung protects itself from the injury. Bronchi tube like structure, conduct inhaled air to the lung tissues. Hair like cilia beat in rhythmic fashion to move the mucous membranes continually upwards from the lung, removing any inhaled particles trapped in the sticky mucus. On account of these changes, the lung cannot keep itself clean. A person who has smoked for about 20 years is at the maximum risk of this type of cancer. Smoking includes passive smoking. All of them are harmful to the lungs. Under the microscope examination of sputum. Examination of the airways is done by passing a tube through the mouth or nose into the airways subdivision of each lung. If an obstructing tumor is seen its biopsy is done. Needle biopsy when the cancer cannot be detected by test no. 2 a fine needle is introduced through the chest wall directly in the tumor with the help of x -ray guidance. A small sample is taken out for biopsy. Cat scan. Surgery. Homeopathic patient treatment symptoms and signs or medicines apply.

Weakening of Blood Vessels - Know The Types!

Dr. Krishna Chaitanya K H 90% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Vascular Surgery
Vascular Surgeon, Bangalore
Weakening of Blood Vessels - Know The Types!
What is Aortic aneurysm? The heart is the most important muscle in your body, and its primary job is to pump the blood across. The aorta is the largest blood vessel of the human body and is used by the heart to push the blood along. The Aorta is also one of the strongest vessels, but in some cases, due to the wear and tear condition the walls can weaken and bulge in what is called an aortic aneurysm. This can cause a rupture of the vessels as a result of which, blood gets leaked into the body. Types of Aortic aneurysm: There are two known types of aortic aneurysms. One of which is located in the chest and is known as the thoracic aortic aneurysm, and the one which forms in the abdomen is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Thoracic aortic aneurysm There are many causes of the Thoracic aortic aneurysm. Genes play a significant role in increasing the chances. The other factors can include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, infections and blockages in the arteries. Sometimes a traumatic injury due to an accident can also lead to the condition. The biggest disadvantage of the disease is that the symptoms do not occur in the early stages and only in their chronic stages they appear. Some of the symptoms include chest or back pain, difficulty in breathing, shortness of a breath and persistent cough. Diagnosis can be made by an X-ray, CT scan, and ultrasound. Medications can help to an extent in relieving the pain and symptoms but however, in some extreme cases surgery is required. During the surgery, a synthetic tube replaces the damaged artery- as a result of which the blood gets channelled without any hindrances. Abdominal aortic aneurysm In the case of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, the aorta that passes through your abdomen gets damaged. As in the event of the Thoracic aortic aneurysm, there are no visible symptoms initially. Symptoms if they appear can include a deep Back pain and persistent pain the side of the abdomen. Dizziness and weightlessness can also be other factors. Once again as in the case of the Thoracic aortic aneurysm, high blood pressure and cholesterol levels can be the risk factors. The problem also gets aggravated when the person is a frequent smoker and drinker. The diagnosis can happen through an X-ray, CT scan or an ultrasound. Once diagnosed, medications can heal the symptoms to an extent. Routine checkups are usually done to check the condition. In the cases where the bulge is bigger, surgeries are done to relieve the damaged part. As with many cases, a good lifestyle change and healthy habits can keep many of the conditions in check. The same goes for an aortic aneurysm too.

How Ayurveda Can Help Treat Sunburns?

Dr. G S Lavekar 92% (9098 ratings)
Ph.D - Ayurveda, MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Delhi
How Ayurveda Can Help Treat Sunburns?
Sunburns are caused due to long stretches of exposure to the sun. People living in tropical countries are more prone to sunburns. The harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun can lead to skin pigmentation that if not treated, can become a permanent skin condition. The worst aspect of sun tanning is that it keeps piling on your skin layer after layer. It is therefore absolutely essential to cover the skin of your face and arms while venturing outdoors. Medications are effective in certain cases, but in some other cases, the afflicted person's skin is so sensitive that medicated ointments fail to show improvement. Ayurvedic home remedies can be put to use to avoid alarming side effects. Sunburns are characterized by the following symptoms: The affected area is usually hotter than other parts of your skin A stinging and itching sensation may develop Red and pink patches may be seen on your face and arms or around the neck Acute sunburn can even make a person suffer from fevers and fatigue These Ayurvedic ways can be followed at home to treat sunburns: Use black tea to cure sun rashes and sunburns: Refrigerate some black tea if possible. This cold beverage must be applied to the areas that have been harshly affected by the ultraviolet rays of the sun. Applying black tea on your skin multiple times in a day can repair the damage already done. Coconut oil is a great way to remove sun tan: Coconut oil has been held in high esteem since ages. It is known for its ability to cure rashes. One must use coconut oil on the red patches every night before going to bed. Aloe vera gel can do wonders with your affected skin: Instead of using creams that contain aloe vera; one should use aloe vera gel by extracting it directly from the plant. Aloe vera can heal the burns and can also soothe the burning sensation. Cucumber in combination with lemon juice can remedy sunburns: Lemon juice has acidic effects that helps in lightening sun tan. When this juice is used with cucumber paste, the latter cools down an irritated skin area and rejuvenates it from within. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda and ask a free question.

Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor - Things You Must Know!

Dr. Rajeev Shandil 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Internal Medicine, DNB - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor - Things You Must Know!
A Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor is a condition characterized by the formation of malignant tumor in the gastrointestinal tract. It may also affect the esophagus, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus (the accessory organs). In Gastrointestinal carcinoid, the tumor is commonly the neuroendocrine tumor (the abnormal growth of cells and tissues originate from the nervous and the endocrine system). Causes of Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor: Several factors may be responsible for gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor, the most common of which include Zollinger Ellison syndrome: It is a condition whereby multiple tumors (gastrinomas) may develop on the duodenum (mainly the upper part) and the pancreas. This abnormal condition leads to increased secretion of the hormone gastrin, which, in turn, triggers the stomach to produce acids in excess amounts. More than often, the syndrome results in peptic ulcers. Research suggests that people with Zollinger Ellison syndrome (if left unattended and untreated for long) may suffer from the gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor. Multiple Endocrine: Neoplasia Type-1 (formation of tumor in the endocrine gland as well as in parts of the stomach and small intestine) can also trigger Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor (though rare). Symptoms: The symptoms associated with Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor include Unexplained weight loss. Abdominal pain. Extreme tiredness, nausea, and vomiting. Stomach upset (a person may throw up), diarrhea. There is a loss of appetite. A person feels full all the time (even after eating only a small morsel of food). Difficulty in swallowing the food (in the case of the tumor in the esophagus). The stool may appear black and tarry (due to bleeding into the small intestine and the stomach). The stool may also appear red (if the bleeding is into the large intestine). Women are more likely to be affected by than their male counterparts. The aged people are slightly more susceptible to Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors. Diagnosis and treatment: Diagnosis of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors include Physical examination. Urine and blood tests play a pivotal role in determining the protein and hormone levels, thus making the diagnosis more efficient and accurate. Certain imaging tests such as MRI, CTscan, X-rays, PET. Biopsy. Endoscopy and Colonoscopy. OctreoScan is the scan, the doctor injects a substance called octreotide (in combination with a radioactive material) into the body and monitors the amount of octreotide absorbed by the body. Absorption of large amounts of octreotide indicates the presence of a tumor. MIBG scan: The test is identical to OctreoScan except the substance used here is MIBG. As with most cases of cancer, the treatment for Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor include Surgery: Depending on the stage and the severity, surgery may be needed to remove the tumor. Radiation Therapy: High beam rays are used to kill the cancer cells. Chemotherapy: Drugs are administered orally or intravenously to get rid of the cancer cells. Hormone therapy: Hormone therapy may be used to treat gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors. Here, doses of synthetic hormones (Lanreotide and Octreotide) are given to the patients. These hormone work by blocking the hormones produced by the tumor cells. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a minimally invasive procedure to assess digestive (gastrointestinal) and lung diseases. A special endoscope uses high-frequency sound waves to produce detailed images of the lining and walls of your digestive tract and chest, nearby organs such as the pancreas and liver, and lymph nodes.
2 people found this helpful

When to Go for Surgery for Back Pain?

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 91% (18099 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
When to Go for Surgery for Back Pain?
Nerve root pain has not resolved after 4 weeks Sciatica has not resolved after 6 weeks There are other symptoms such as bowel andbladder problems Feelings of weakness or numbness are getting worse Your PHYSIO suspects you may have an inflamed spine You haven t got back to normal within 3 months. 10 RED FLAGS FOR BACK PAIN There are a number of signs and symptoms that will alert your physio to a specific cause of pain, so- called red flags . These include: Your age ( if you are younger than 20 or older than 55) Whether you have sustained a serious injury(e.g. road accident) Pain that is getting worse. Pain in the upper part of your spine. You have, or have had, cancer. You are taking steroids. You have HIV. You are a recreational drug user. You have lost a lot of weight. You are experiencing numbness or significant weakness. 6 Diagnostic Tests Used to Determine the Cause of Back Pain DIAGNOSTIC TESTS USED TO DETERMINE THE CAUSE OF BACK PAIN TESTS 1. X RAY Advantages Can usually rule out any serious diseases. Shows wear and tear of the spine and broken bones. Quick and painless. Disadvantages Will not show up nerve problems. Cannot be used alone to determine the cause of pain. Exposure to too many x-rays can be dangerous. 2. Blood tests Advantages Can be used to determine very specific causes of pain (e.g. infection, tumours , arthritic diseases) Disadvantages Only detect very specific causes of pain. Results must be confirmed by other Tests. 3. CT scanning Advantages Quick and painless. Can be used to rule out serious diseases. Disadvantages Increasingly replaced by MRI scanning. Exposure to too many X-rays can be dangerous. 4. MRI scanning Advantages The most advanced type of scan. Quick and painless. Gives high quality images of bone and surrounding tissues. Can be used to rule out serious diseases. Radiowaves are safer than X rays. Disadvantages Waiting lists can be long. 5. Myelography Advantages Can pinpoint exact causes of back pain. Disadvantages Injection of dye can be uncomfortable. More complicated than CT and MRI scans. Exposure to too many X rays can be dangerous. Arachnoiditis (painful inflammation of thespinal cord) is a rare side-effect. 6. Discography Advantages Can pinpoint exact causes of back pain. Disadvantages Injection of dye can be uncomfortable. More complicated than CT and MRI scans. Exposure to too many X rays can be dangerous. Even after performing these tests, it may still be unclear why you are in pain. This does not mean that nothing can be done to ease the pain and make it easier to live with. Your doctor- in consultation with their colleagues and most importantly with you-will be able to put together a personal pain management plan to help you to control your pain.

Popular Questions & Answers

What should be the time gap between two xray? To what extent rays harm the body in a spinal cord xray?

Dr. Anil Kumar Gupta 91% (33 ratings)
MD - Radio Diagnosis/Radiology
Radiologist, Delhi
There is no prescribed limit for time gap between 2 xrays. Diagnostic Xrays are not harmful in single or 2-3 sittings even if done at short intervals.

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