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Overview

Hives - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Hives are also known as Urticaria in medical terminology. It is characterized by an outbreak of pale red bumps and swollen wheals (plaques) on the skin. It is the body’s reaction against certain allergies for unknown reason.

Hives on the skin usually cause stinging or burning sensation. They can appear on any part of the body such as the ears, throat, tongue, lips and face. It usually varies in size from a dinner plate to a pencil eraser, sometimes they also join together to form plaques (larger area of hives). Angioedema is a form of hives which is characterized by swelling beneath the skin rather than the surface. Signs of angioedema include swelling around the lips, eyes, feet, hands and genitals. The swelling stays for a maximum of 24 hours after which it disappears.

Hives and angioedema on its own is not fatal, but it can block the airway passage of the lungs, tongue and throat making it difficult to breathe. This can be life threatening in some cases.

What causes hives?

  • Hives are generally caused due to allergic reactions resulting from sunlight exposure, insect stings, chemicals found in certain foods or medications which release a chemical called hisamine.
  • Acute urticaria (hives which last for more than six weeks) are caused due to the consumption of certain foods, infections, medications and insect bites.
  • The most common food products that cause hives are milk, berries, eggs, tomatoes, fish, chocolates and nuts. Some food additives also contribute in causing hives.
  • Angioedema and chronic urticaria are caused due to cancer, infection, hepatitis and thyroid diseases.
  • Physical urticaria is caused due to exercise, sweating, pressure, vibration, sun exposure, heat and cold.
  • > Drugs such as codeine, blood pressure drugs, ibuprofen and NSAIDs (Non anti-inflammatory drugs) can cause hives
  • Dermatoraphism is a form of hives which occurs by scratching or stroking the skin.

Diagnoses:

Hives are diagnosed by performing routine blood tests and skin tests. This is usually performed under the supervision of a certified gynecologist.

Treatment:

Angioedema and hives are usually treated with the help of antistamines, oral corticosteroids, biologic drugs, omalizumab (Xolair), epinephrine injections and cortisone medications. It is vital to seek medical help if you experience wheezing, dizziness, difficulty breathing, tightness of the chest and swelling in the face, lips and tongue.

Applying wet clothes or cool compresses on the affected areas, working or sleeping in a cool room, wearing loose fitting clothes can provide comfort and reduce the symptoms of hives.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Extremely itchy bumps Skin colored or red bumps Blanching (while pressing the hives, a red hive becomes white)

Popular Health Tips

Penis Bumps: Avoiding Hives Triggers

Dr. Vinod Raina 91% (4417 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Penis Bumps: Avoiding Hives Triggers
Looking down at the manhood and discovering it has developed penis bumps is never a pleasant surprise for a guy. The presence of bumps signals a new worry about his penis health, although often the bumps don't correlate with a significant health issue. Penis bumps can come in a wide range of shapes and sizes, so it's no surprise that they can be caused by many different things. One of the causes many men don't think about is hives - so learning more about hives prepares a guy for dealing with them. What are hives? Hives is the common name used to describe a condition that is medically known as urticarial. They present as welts on the skin. Some can be small and others can be relatively large. In some instances, they are raised slightly, which gives them a bump-like look; in other instances, they may more closely resemble a rash. Often one welt will "bleed" into another, making the two appear as one large welt. Hives are usually circular in shape. Often, especially with larger welts, they will be a deep red around the perimeter and a paler red in the center. Hives usually itch, causing discomfort; when they appear as penis bumps, it can be embarrassing for a man, as he often is caught scratching "down there." Individual hives don't usually last long, often fading away in 24 hours - but they are usually replaced by new hives. It is not unusual for a case of acute hives to last as long as six weeks, with old hives fading and new ones replacing them. If a bout of hives continues beyond 6 weeks, it is considered a chronic case. What causes hives? Hives are basically an allergic reaction on the skin. Some "trigger" sends a signal to the body to release histamines to fight the trigger. This reaction causes the hives to form. Therefore, if a guy knows what his hives triggers are, he can take steps to avoid those triggers and thereby prevent hives from occurring. Unfortunately, sometimes determining exactly what the trigger is can be challenging, mainly because many things are associated with triggering hives. Some of the more common causes include: - Pets. Many dogs, cats and other animals shed dander, which may be a hives trigger. - Pollen. - Insect bites and stings. - Viral or fungal infections. - Stress and anxiety. - Certain foods, including shellfish, nuts, milk, chocolate, berries, eggs, soy, citrus fruits, etc. - Sweating. - Bacteria. - Exposure to the sun. - Certain chemicals (including some in soaps or laundry detergents). With such a wide range, narrowing down a trigger may take a lot of time. Working with a doctor is advised. They will likely recommend that a person keeps a comprehensive journal of all the foods, medicines, etc. that he takes and any exposures he may have to potential triggers. The journal will include, as close as possible, the time when a person may have been exposed to a trigger, so that a link can be theorized if hives occur soon after. (Hives may occur within minutes, but sometimes may take about two hours to show up). Once hives triggers are identified, a person can take steps to avoid those triggers. He also can learn what treatments he can use to help deal with the symptoms of hives. As mentioned, penis bumps caused by hives tend to itch greatly. Regular use of a first rate penis health cr me (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) can help alleviate this. A cr me that contains a combination of a high-end emollient (like Shea butter) and a natural hydrator (like vitamin E) will provide moisture that can help soothe itching. It also helps if the cr me contains alpha lipoic acid, a powerful antioxidant which strengthens penis skin by fighting free radicals.

Penis Bumps: Avoiding Hives Triggers

Dr. Vinod Raina 91% (4417 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Penis Bumps: Avoiding Hives Triggers
Looking down at the manhood and discovering it has developed penis bumps is never a pleasant surprise for a guy. The presence of bumps signals a new worry about his penis health, although often the bumps don't correlate with a significant health issue. Penis bumps can come in a wide range of shapes and sizes, so it's no surprise that they can be caused by many different things. One of the causes many men don't think about is hives - so learning more about hives prepares a guy for dealing with them. What are hives? Hives is the common name used to describe a condition that is medically known as urticarial. They present as welts on the skin. Some can be small and others can be relatively large. In some instances, they are raised slightly, which gives them a bump-like look; in other instances, they may more closely resemble a rash. Often one welt will "bleed" into another, making the two appear as one large welt. Hives are usually circular in shape. Often, especially with larger welts, they will be a deep red around the perimeter and a paler red in the center. Hives usually itch, causing discomfort; when they appear as penis bumps, it can be embarrassing for a man, as he often is caught scratching "down there." Individual hives don't usually last long, often fading away in 24 hours - but they are usually replaced by new hives. It is not unusual for a case of acute hives to last as long as six weeks, with old hives fading and new ones replacing them. If a bout of hives continues beyond 6 weeks, it is considered a chronic case. What causes hives? Hives are basically an allergic reaction on the skin. Some "trigger" sends a signal to the body to release histamines to fight the trigger. This reaction causes the hives to form. Therefore, if a guy knows what his hives triggers are, he can take steps to avoid those triggers and thereby prevent hives from occurring. Unfortunately, sometimes determining exactly what the trigger is can be challenging, mainly because many things are associated with triggering hives. Some of the more common causes include: - Pets. Many dogs, cats and other animals shed dander, which may be a hives trigger. - Pollen. - Insect bites and stings. - Viral or fungal infections. - Stress and anxiety. - Certain foods, including shellfish, nuts, milk, chocolate, berries, eggs, soy, citrus fruits, etc. - Sweating. - Bacteria. - Exposure to the sun. - Certain chemicals (including some in soaps or laundry detergents). With such a wide range, narrowing down a trigger may take a lot of time. Working with a doctor is advised. They will likely recommend that a person keeps a comprehensive journal of all the foods, medicines, etc. that he takes and any exposures he may have to potential triggers. The journal will include, as close as possible, the time when a person may have been exposed to a trigger, so that a link can be theorized if hives occur soon after. (Hives may occur within minutes, but sometimes may take about two hours to show up). Once hives triggers are identified, a person can take steps to avoid those triggers. He also can learn what treatments he can use to help deal with the symptoms of hives. As mentioned, penis bumps caused by hives tend to itch greatly. Regular use of a first rate penis health cr me (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) can help alleviate this. A cr me that contains a combination of a high-end emollient (like Shea butter) and a natural hydrator (like vitamin E) will provide moisture that can help soothe itching. It also helps if the cr me contains alpha lipoic acid, a powerful antioxidant which strengthens penis skin by fighting free radicals.

7 Homeopathic Remedies For Urticaria!

Dr. Prabir Ganguly 90% (42 ratings)
Bachelor in Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS)
Homeopath, Dhanbad
7 Homeopathic Remedies For Urticaria!
Urticaria or hives are red, raised lesions that occur anywhere on the body, usually around the trunk, hands and legs. They appear as small round rings or large patches that changes shape, may itch and be surrounded by a red flare. They can be acute or chronic, with acute almost always being an allergic reaction. It is often due to unknown causes, ranging from chronic irritation to parasitic infection to temperatures to water types. Homeopathy treats diseases as a whole, and similarly, when treating urticaria tries to identify associated symptoms and thereby treat the cause also. After a detailed discussion about predisposition and associated symptoms, a customized remedy will be prescribed, which may include one of the following common homeopathic remedies. Apis Mell: The hives consist of isolated patches that are painful, tender, itch at night, feel like bee stings, become purple. There is burning pain, slight fever, and warmth of the surrounding skin. It is worsened by changing weather and exercise, causing severe itching and burning. The patient may already have asthma. Arsenic Album: The urticaria is caused by eating shellfish and causes burning and restlessness. The condition gets worse being at the seaside and by getting into sea water. Arsenic is also useful to treat urticarial symptoms during the recession of the lesions. The person also could be down emotionally with depression, despair, indifference and irritability. If the lesions are more severe, the restlessness is also severe. It is worse after midnight, from 1 to 2 a.m. Rhus toxicodendron: Prepared from the leaves and bark of the plant poison ivy, Rhus works on multiple body systems including skin, joints, eyes, extremities, and overall vitality. In addition to urticaria, it is also used in cellulitis, arthritis, fevers, etc. It is effective if the urticaria has a burning sensation, inflamed reddened rash that is worsened by cold and improved by warmth. Urtica urens: Made from a plant called stinging nettle, which itself has a tendency to produce urticaria, it is used when there is urticaria from bee stings or after eating shellfish. The lesions are red with severe burning and itching, recurring every year, could be associated with weather changes. Natrum Muriaticum: The common salt sodium chloride is potentized, and its inner healing power activated. It is used for chronic urticaria, where the lesions develop after severe irritation. Dulcamara: The lesions develop followed a general prickly sensation setting in and at night when it is cold and damp. The hives are irregular white patches surrounded by a red area that itch badly. The hives are associated with violent cough, swelling of the lymph nodes, fever, restlessness, sleeplessness, decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, bitter taste, and intense aching in pit of stomach. Kreosote: Kreosote is one other medicine of important value in urticaria.

Chronic Urticaria - 7 Tips To Deal With It!

Dr. Laxman Besra 91% (588 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Bhubaneswar
Chronic Urticaria - 7 Tips To Deal With It!
Are you looking for ways to deal with chronic urticaria? This is an uncomfortable skin health condition which is featured by red, itchy welts appearing on any part of your body. The cause of this condition is unknown to us most of the times. When the cause of chronic urticaria cannot be determined, the condition is called chronic idiopathic urticaria. There are several ways of dealing with this condition. Here is a list of the top ways to deal with chronic urticaria: Try to Avoid Known Triggers: Avoiding known triggers is the best way of controlling chronic urticaria. You should consult an allergist for determining the triggers which might affect you. The most common triggers include foods such as eggs, shellfish, peanuts, and several food additives. Several pain medications, physical stimuli like temperature, exercise, pollen, and certain bacterial infections and viral infections are common triggers. Take Your Medicines Regularly: You should regularly take your medicines prescribed for dealing with chronic urticaria. Antihistamines are commonly used. The use of corticosteroids or epinephrine infections may also be required. Soothe Your Skin: Scratching is bad for your chronic urticaria and should be avoided to prevent the hives from being aggravated. Dry skin triggers scratching and so you should keep your skin well moisturised. Take frequent baths, and use moisturising creams and ointments. Wear Loose Clothes: Friction and pressure on your affected skin may worsen the hives. You should abstain from wearing tight belts, constricting clothes, and shoes which do not fit well. Choose soft fabric material clothes. Vitamin D Supplements: Adding vitamin D supplements may help in reducing the symptoms of chronic urticaria. You should consult your dermatologist before taking vitamin D supplements on your own. Alternative Therapies: Stress accounts for worsening this health condition. You should practice techniques which relax your mind and soul, such as meditation, yoga, and deep breathing. These are effective in stress relief. Some studies state that acupuncture may also be associated with decreasing the symptoms of chronic urticaria. Manage Your Symptoms: If you are suffering from chronic urticaria, all your efforts will be directed towards managing all the visible symptoms. However, you must also deal with the invisible symptoms such as depression and anxiety. Living with this condition is a challenging and painful task, which often results in depression, and emotional imbalance. Emotional stress, fatigue, and emotional distress are triggered by chronic urticaria. It is important for you to consult a dermatologist if you experience any symptom of chronic urticaria. Early diagnosis and an early treatment will prevent the condition from worsening further.
2429 people found this helpful

Urticaria - Top 6 Homeopathic Remedies For it!

Dr. Minhaz Nisar 92% (169 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Bhopal
Urticaria - Top 6 Homeopathic Remedies For it!
Urticaria or hives are red, raised lesions that occur anywhere on the body, usually around the trunk, hands and legs. They appear as small round rings or large patches that changes shape, may itch and be surrounded by a red flare. They can be acute or chronic, with acute almost always being an allergic reaction. It is often due to unknown causes, ranging from chronic irritation to parasitic infection to temperatures to water types. Homeopathy treats diseases as a whole, and similarly, when treating urticaria tries to identify associated symptoms and thereby treat the cause also. After a detailed discussion about predisposition and associated symptoms, a customized remedy will be prescribed, which may include one of the following common homeopathic remedies. Apis Mell: The hives consist of isolated patches that are painful, tender, itch at night, feel like bee stings, become purple. There is burning pain, slight fever, and warmth of the surrounding skin. It is worsened by changing weather and exercise, causing severe itching and burning. The patient may already have asthma. Arsenic Album: The urticaria is caused by eating shellfish and causes burning and restlessness. The condition gets worse being at the seaside and by getting into sea water. Arsenic is also useful to treat urticarial symptoms during the recession of the lesions. The person also could be down emotionally with depression, despair, indifference and irritability. If the lesions are more severe, the restlessness is also severe. It is worse after midnight, from 1 to 2 a.m. Rhus toxicodendron: Prepared from the leaves and bark of the plant poison ivy, Rhus works on multiple body systems including skin, joints, eyes, extremities, and overall vitality. In addition to urticaria, it is also used in cellulitis, arthritis, fevers, etc. It is effective if the urticaria has a burning sensation, inflamed reddened rash that is worsened by cold and improved by warmth. Urtica urens: Made from a plant called stinging nettle, which itself has a tendency to produce urticaria, it is used when there is urticaria from bee stings or after eating shellfish. The lesions are red with severe burning and itching, recurring every year, could be associated with weather changes. Natrum Muriaticum: The common salt sodium chloride is potentized, and its inner healing power activated. It is used for chronic urticaria, where the lesions develop after severe irritation. Dulcamara: The lesions develop followed a general prickly sensation setting in and at night when it is cold and damp. The hives are irregular white patches surrounded by a red area that itch badly. The hives are associated with violent cough, swelling of the lymph nodes, fever, restlessness, sleeplessness, decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, bitter taste, and intense aching in pit of stomach.
3319 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Respected Sir I am from Kolkata. My wife 63 years is suffering from Chronic Urticaria since last one and half year. She is taking one Levocetirizine 5 mg Tablet AS AND WHEN REQUIRED one tablet ROUGHLY AT AN INTERVAL of every 3-4 days. SURPRISINGLY IT TAKES ONLY 10-15 MINUTES (AFTER TAKING levocetirizine) TO GET RELIEF FROM ITCHING For last 5 months Homeopathy Medicine as detailed below have been tried in Dr. Batras Clinic without any improvement (NIL IMPROVEMENT) FREQUENCY OF TAKING ANTI ALLERGY MEDICINE HAS NOT INCREASED/IMPROVED AT ALL. MEDICINES TRIED- Ignatia ,Rhustox ,Apis Melifica, lycopodium, Urticaria Urens. Phosphor Because of her age she takes following allopathy Tablets as detailed below (All Tablets One Tablet Daily) 1) Telvas 3 D for Controlling Hypertension 2) Gluconorm SR 500 for Diabetes 3) Pregabalin M 75 SR for Nerve Problem ALL SYMPTOMS CONTROLLED WITH MEDICATION 4) Anti Allergy levocetirizine AS DESCRIBED EARLIER. THERE IS NO SPECIFIC AREA WHERE ITCHING STARTS ,IT CAN START AT ANY PLACE OF THE BODY AND AT ANY TIME OF THE DAY Is there any PERMANENT cure in Homeopathy. With thanks.

Dr. Devanshu Sharma 86% (445 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine & Surgery (BAMS), MD [Masters In Ayurveda - Kaumarabhrutiya( Pediatrics)]
Ayurveda, Panipat
Hello lybrate-user if you are interested consult us for AYURVEDA TREATMENT till then start URTIPLEX LOTION charak pharma AND KHADIRAARISHTAM 15 ml with 1/2 cup water twice daily for 1 week and then consult us at Lybrate VIDEO CONSULTATION.

I am suffering from chronic urticaria since one year. I take lots of medicine but no relief. What should I do?

Dr. Jatin Soni 93% (28523 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I will suggest you to Get your blood checked for CBC IgE and follow up with reports and take tablet cetrizine during symptoms and Few tips- avoid any triggering factor, take folicacid regularly, eat a healthy diet, always be stress free, exercise regularly.
2 people found this helpful

I am suffering from chronic urticaria since one year. I take lots of medicine like citrizine'ebast 10 mg. But no relief yet sir what should I do?

Dr. Sunilkumr 88% (56 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Trivandrum
Urticaria is a hypersensitive reaction of your immune system. Urticaria also having so many complications like angioedema and hives and it will spoil your day to day activities as well you will not predict when it will appear on your body. We can treat urticaria medically for that we have to boost your immunity and we have to take your disease away from your body. But urticaria it taking disease it will take minimum 3 years to get cured after starting of treatment you can see changes in intensity and severity of your complaints with in 3 months slowly there will be change in intensity as well severity. If you want my appointment pls fix it I will help you for sure.

I am suffering from cholinergic urticaria from last 5 years what shall I do to get rid of this disease.

Dr. S S Tanwar 95% (2564 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Gurgaon
Safe, effective and deep acting Homeopathic Medicines will certainly help you. Start with Natrum Mur 30 Thrice Daily for 7 days and review after 7 days. You can consult me in person online through Lybrate for more help.

Health Quizzes

Treating Skin Allergies

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Visakhapatnam
Hives is not a type of treatable skin allergy. True or False?
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