Codeine is used as an opioid to relieve pain ranging from mild to moderately severe. It is similar to morphine and hydrocodone, acting as a cough suppressant. It binds the receptors in the brain that are responsible for transmitting the feeling of pain throughout the body. Even though the pain is still apparent to the patient, it decreases discomfort, and increases the tolerance to pain. It also acts as a sedative and slows down the breathing.
If you are prone to frequent asthma attacks with hyperventilation and breathing problems, or a blockage in your intestines, the medicine should not be prescribed. If you are pregnant and are on this medicine, your baby may become dependent on it. It is not to be prescribed for children below the age of 12 years.
It is important that you take Codeine exactly as your doctor has prescribed it for it can slow your breathing down to dangerous levels. Even at regular doses, it is habit forming, and must not be used without a prescription.
A dry cough disturbing sleep and irritating the patient needs to be treated
1. Fluids may help thin secretions and soothe an irritated throat.
2. Dry, hacking coughs respond to honey in hot water, tea, or lemon juice.
THE DRUG MANAGEMENT OF BACK PAIN
Pain killers-or analgesics-are drugs that work by interfering with the pain transmission process.
Depending on the cause and type of your back pain, some analgesics may be more appropriate than others. Paracetamol and aspirin-like drugs(non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs] are often used to relieve pain caused by musculo skeletal conditions, whereas the opoid analgesics,codeine and morphine, are more suitable for treating moderate or severe pain that originates from damage to the internal organs of the body (e.g. the heart,lungs, liver, bladder, kidney and reproductive organs).
The appropriateness of the various types of drugs also depends on whether your pain is acute or chronic. Although many of the drugs used are the same, they may be used at different doses or more or less frequently.Whilst your doctor can prescribe you a number of different types of pain killers, in many cases, drugs that can be purchased without a prescription are sufficient to relieve many kinds of back pain. You can buy these drugs yourself from your pharmacist, and if you pay for your prescription, this may be cheaper than acquiring the same drug from your doctor with a prescription.
Your pharmacist will advise you which types of drugs are most appropriate for you. Always take medication as directed on the packaging and consult your doctor if the pain persists.Since some types of analgesic are stronger than others, you will usually start with one of the weaker drugs and if this fails to relieve your pain sufficiently, you may work your way up to a stronger drug.
If the stages in pain relief are considered to be like the rungs of a ladder, then most people will have their pain relieved at the lowest rung.
The higher up the pain relief ladder you go, the more likely you are to experience unpleasant drug-related side-effects.
The term red eye, medically referring to subconjunctival hemorrhage, means different things to different people. For people who travel a lot, it is likely to mean a flight on which sleep is impossible and thus, resulting in them having red eyes. But what can the other causes of red eyes be?
Believe it or not, there can be up to 35 possible reasons for it! Also, it is not really true that all these reasons are related to each other. The causes may range from allergies to cluster headaches to an eyelid which has turned inward or even glaucoma, which has led to a poor flow of blood to the eyes.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!