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Swelling Tips

Wound - Know Stages Of It!

Evolve Esthetique Clinics 88% (30 ratings)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Lucknow
Wound  - Know Stages Of It!

Healing of a wound refers to a process by which the tissues in the body or the skin are repaired after being damaged. Each of the body's system has a role to play in the wound healing process.

There are mainly 6 stages in the process which are complementary to each other for the complete healing process. These stages are as follows:

1. Hemostasis: Hemostasis refers to the process of stopping the bleeding from a wound. It is basically done by vasoconstriction in which the blood vessels contract to obstruct the blood flow through them.

2.  Inflammation: It refers to swelling around the area affected by the wound. It is a symptom or your body's way of telling you that you have suffered an injury. It also helps the body identify the area for regeneration of cells and begin the process of blood clotting.

3.  Proliferation and migration of cells: During the swelling process, several types of cells are released by the body which then move towards the affected area and further constrict the blood vessels. Also the movement of white blood cells to the injured region is important to prevent further infection.

4. Angiogenesis: After controlling the bleeding process, the body begins the regeneration process for the torn tissues. The mechanism of regeneration is referred to as angiogenesis. The mechanism involves replacing the broken or damaged blood vessels with new ones or by adding to the existing working portions of tissues.

5. Re-epithialisation: Once your body has started the process of growing veins again and the damaged ones have been replaced by new ones, the process of re-epithialisation begins. Re-epithialisation refers to the mechanism of replacing the damaged skin with newly formed skin tissue. It is done by producing cells called keratinocytes which are integral to the skin building process.

6. Synthesis: It is generally the last stage in the healing process. Certain proteins result in blood clots which do not allow further bleeding during the formation of the new skin tissue and veins. After the skin and blood vessels are formed the inflammation subsides. After a few days, the infected or damaged cells and tissues peel off naturally and the area of the wound becomes covered with new skin.
 



 

1022 people found this helpful

किडनी में सूजन - Kidney Mein Sujan!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
किडनी में सूजन - Kidney Mein Sujan!

किडनी का हमारे शरीर में महत्व से लगभग सभी परिचित हैं. हमारे शरीर में किडनी के मुख्य कार्य अम्ल-क्षार संतुलन, इलेक्ट्रोलाइट सान्द्रता, कोशिकेतर द्रव मात्रा को नियंत्रित करके और ब्लड प्रेशर पर नियंत्रण रखते हुए गुर्दे पूरे शरीर के होमियोस्टैसिस में भाग लेना है. गुर्दे इन होमियोस्टैटिक कार्यों को स्वतंत्र रूप से व अन्य अंगों, विशिष्टतः अंतःस्रावी तंत्र के अंगों, को साथ मिलाकर, दोनों ही प्रकार से पूर्ण करते हैं. इसके लिए जरूरी हार्मोन जैसे रेनिन, एंजियोटेन्सिस II, एल्डोस्टेरोन, एन्टिडाययूरेटिक हॉर्मोन और आर्टियल नैट्रियूरेटिक पेप्टाइड आदि शामिल हैं.

किडनी के कार्यों की रूपरेखा
गुर्दे के कार्यों में से अनेक कार्य नेफ्रॉन में होने वाले परिशोधन, पुनरवशोषण और स्राव की अपेक्षाकृत सरल कार्यप्रणालियों के द्वारा पूर्ण किये जाते हैं. परिशोधन, जो कि वृक्कीय कणिका में होता है, इसे एक प्रक्रिया भी कहा जा सकता है जिसके द्वारा सेल्स, बड़े प्रोटीन ब्लड से छाने जाते हैं. यह एक अल्ट्राफिल्ट्रेट का निर्माण होता है, जो अंततः मूत्र बनाता है. गुर्दे एक दिन में 180 लीटर अल्ट्राफिल्ट्रेट उत्पन्न करते हैं, जिसका एक बहुत बड़ा प्रतिशत पुनरवशोषित कर लिया जाता है और मूत्र की लगभग 2 लीटर मात्रा की उत्पन्न होती है. इस अल्ट्राफिल्ट्रेट से रक्त में अणुओं का परिवहन पुनरवशोषण कहलाता है. स्राव इसकी विपरीत प्रक्रिया है, जिसमें अणु विपरीत दिशा में, ब्लड से मूत्र की ओर भेजे जाते हैं. उत्सर्जित वेस्ट पदार्थों में प्रोटीन न पच पाने से उत्पन्न नाइट्रोजन-युक्त टॉक्सिक यूरिया और न्यूक्लिक अम्ल के मेटाबोलिक प्रोसेस से उत्पन्न यूरिक अम्ल शामिल हैं.

परासरणीयता नियंत्रण
हाइपोथेलेमस द्वारा प्लाज़्मा परासरणीयता लेवल ऊपर या नीचे होने की जाँच की जाती है. यह सीधे पिछली श्लेषमीय ग्लैंड से इंटरैक्ट करती है. ऑस्मोलोलेटी में वृद्धि होने पर यह ग्रंथि एंटीडाययूरेटिक हार्मोन एडीएच का स्राव करती है, जिससे मूत्र की कंसंट्रेशन बढ़ जाता है. ये दोनों कारक एक साथ कार्य करके प्लाज़्मा की परासरणीयता को पुनः सामान्य लेवल पर लाते हैं. एडीएच संग्रहण नलिका में स्थित मुख्य सेल्स से जुड़ा होता है. यह एक्वापोरिन को मैरो में स्थानांतरित करता है, ताकि जल सामान्यतः अभेद्य मैरो को छोड़ सके और फैट द्वारा शरीर में इसका पुन अवशोषण किया जा सके. ऐसा करने से शरीर में प्लाज़्मा की मात्रा में वृद्धि देखने को मिलती है.

ब्लड प्रेशर का नियंत्रण
लंबी-अवधि में ब्लड प्रेशर का नियंत्रण मुख्यतः गुर्दे पर निर्भर होता है. हालांकि, गुर्दे सीधे ही ब्लड प्रेशर का अनुमान नहीं लगा सकते, लेकिन नेफ्रॉन के सुचारू भागों में सोडियम और क्लोराइड की सुपुर्दगी में परिवर्तन द्वारा किए जाने वाले किण्वक रेनिन के स्राव को परिवर्तित कर देता है. जब कोशिकेतर द्रव उपखंड विस्तारित हो और ब्लड प्रेशर उच्च हो, तो इन आयनों की सुपुर्दगी बढ़ जाती है और रेनिन का स्राव घट जाता है. इसी प्रकार, जब कोशिकेतर द्रव उपखंड संकुचित हो और ब्लड प्रेशर निम्न हो, तो सोडियम और क्लोराइड की सुपुर्दगी कम हो जाती है और प्रतिक्रियास्वरूप रेनिन स्राव बढ़ जाता है.

रेनिन उन रासायनिक संदेशवाहकों की श्रृंखला का पहला सदस्य है, जो मिलकर रेनिन-एंजियोटेन्सिन तंत्र का निर्माण करते हैं. रेनिन में होने वाले बदलावों की वजह से इस तंत्र के आउटपुट, मुख्य रूप से एंजियोटेन्सिन II और एल्डोस्टेरॉन परिवर्तित करते हैं. प्रत्येक हार्मोन अनेक कार्यप्रणालियों के माध्यम से कार्य करता है, लेकिन दोनों ही गुर्दे द्वारा किए जाने वाले सोडियम क्लोराइड के अवशोषण को बढ़ाते हैं, जिससे कोशिकेतर द्रव उपखंड का विस्तार होता है और ब्लड प्रेशर बढ़ता है. जब रेनिन के स्तर बढ़े हुए होते हैं, तो एंजियोटेन्सिन II और एल्डोस्टेरॉन की सान्द्रता बढ़ जाती है, जिसके परिणामस्वरूप सोडियम क्लोराइड के पुनरवशोषण में वृद्धि होती है, कोशिकेतर द्रव उपखंड का विस्तार होता है और ब्लड प्रेशर बढ़ जाता है. इसके विपरीत, जब रेनिन के स्तर निम्न होते हैं, तो एंजियोटेन्सिन II और एल्डोस्टेरॉन के स्तर घट जाते हैं, जिससे कोशिकेतर द्रव उपखंड का संकुचन होता है और ब्लड प्रेशर में कमी आती है.

हार्मोन स्राव
मानव शरीर की बात करें तो गुर्दों से अनेक प्रकार के हार्मोन का स्राव होता हैं. जिसमें एरिथ्रोपीटिन, कैल्सिट्रिऑल और रेनिन शामिल हैं. एरिथ्रोपीटिन को डायलिसिस प्रवाह में हाइपॉक्सिया की प्रतिक्रिया के रूप में छोड़ा जाता है. यह बोन मैरो में एरिथ्रोपोएसिस यानि रेड ब्लड सेल के उत्पादन को उत्प्रेरित करता है. कैल्सिट्रिऑल, विटामिन डी का उत्प्रेरित रूप, कैल्शियम के आन्त्र अवशोषण तथा फॉस्फेट के किडनी रिअब्सोर्प्शन को प्रोत्साहित करता है. रेनिन, जो कि रेनिन-एंजिओटेन्सिन-एल्डोस्टेरॉन तंत्र का एक भाग है, एल्डोस्टेरॉन लेवेल के नियंत्रण में शामिल एक एंज़ाइम होता है.

Pregnancy Complications - 6 Signs You Must Not Ignore!

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Nagpur
Pregnancy Complications - 6 Signs You Must Not Ignore!

Pregnancy is considered to be one of the most challenging and important phases in the life of a woman.

Pregnancy Complications are health problems that occur during pregnancy. They can involve the mother’s health, the baby’s health, or both. Some women have health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. Other problems arise during the pregnancy. Keep in mind that whether a complication is common or rare, there are ways to manage problems that come up during pregnancy.

Some complications that might occur during pregnancy are discussed below:

  1. Severe Nausea and Vomiting: It is common for nausea and vomiting to occur during a pregnancy. In order to avoid this condition, one should consume several small meals throughout the day and completely avoid spicy and fatty foods.
  2. A persistent abdominal pain, severe headache, swelling and visual disturbances during the third trimester: This can be a fatal condition and often is a sign of high blood preeclampsia (pregnancy complication involving high blood pressure as well as damage to another organ system). It can be diagnosed early using good prenatal care which essentially comprises of frequent check-ups with the doctor and all the necessary treatment during pregnancy.
  3. Flu Symptoms: It is recommended that flu vaccine should be administered to pregnant women as they usually tend to develop the disease during their pregnancy.
  4. Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes can increase the chance of a larger baby at birth and create delivery complications, increase your risk for high blood pressure and cause the baby to have blood sugar problems after birth. If you are diagnosed, it’s important to consult your gynecologist to control your blood sugar level, which can often be done through diet and exercise.
  5. Baby’s activity level significantly declines: Sometimes, the activity of a previously active baby might decline. This can be felt by reducing the number of the kicks by the baby. The doctor has specific equipment that aids in identifying and resolving the problem.
  6. Bleeding: Heavy bleeding accompanied by abdominal pain and menstrual-type cramps during the first trimester might indicate an ectopic pregnancy (embryo is implanted outside one’s uterus) or a miscarriage while occurrence in the third semester indicates placental abruption (characterized by the placenta separating from the womb’s walls). Any form of bleeding warrants the immediate attention of the doctor. Steps to avoid bleeding include bed rest, avoiding heavy work, and keeping yourself hydrated.

A Healthy Pregnancy-

The best way to ensure a healthy pregnancy is to focus on the things you can control and don’t obsess about what could happen. Take good care of yourself and your developing baby and talk with your healthcare provider when you have concerns.

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Stomach Cancer - What Can Cause It?

Dr. Mankindd Hospital 93% (272 ratings)
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Stomach Cancer - What Can Cause It?

Cancer is one of the most fatal diseases in the world. Stomach cancer is also known as Gastric cancer, and this cancer starts in the stomach. Like other diseases, it is crucial that it gets identified in the early stages and gets treated well in advance of the incurable stages. Like other forms of cancer, the exact cause of stomach cancer is still not yet known. However, certain things make stomach cancer more likely to happen. The possible causes of stomach cancer are given below:

Causes

Some of these causes apply to nearly all forms of cancer. However some of them only apply to stomach cancer. Here are all the possible causes of stomach cancer.

1.        Smoking
2.        Being fat
3.        Bad diet
4.        Stomach surgery for an ulcer
5.        Type-A blood
6.        Epstein-Barr virus infection
7.        Genetics
8.        Asbestos
9.        Exposure to certain materials in certain materials in certain industries
10.        H.pylori bacteria
11.        Gastritis
12.        Anemia
13.        Polyps

Symptoms

Stomach cancer like all other forms of cancer has various stages and it is crucial that it is diagnosed in the early stages so that the progression of it is stymied.  At first, the symptoms of stomach cancer include ingestion, loss of appetite, slight nausea, heartburn and the feeling of being bloated after a meal. However, ingestion and heartburn doesn't always mean that you have stomach cancer, but if these conditions persist, you should visit a doctor to rule out the possibility of stomach cancer. 

Growth of tumors in your stomach can lead to many serious symptoms too, such as:

1.        Stomach pain
2.        Heartburn
3.        Blood in your stool
4.        Weakness or exhaustion
5.        Vomiting
6.        Diarrhea and constipation
7.        Weight loss for no apparent reason
8.        Swelling in your stomach
9.        Trouble in swallowing
10.        Eyes and skin turn yellowish
 

Infections - Have Homeopathy To Combat It!

MD, BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Infections - Have Homeopathy To Combat It!

Infection is generally understood as the invasion into the body tissues of an organism by certain foreign bodies such as bacteria, parasite, and virus. They are transmissible diseases and can be transmitted from one person to the other via sneezing, coughing or physical contact. They can be mild, moderate or severe.

* They can be acute, that is, can last for a short time, or chronic that lasts for a long time, or a latent infection that may not cause any symptoms at first but reactivates and resurfaces over a period of time.
* Although each infection has its own distinct symptom. Generally, these symptoms include fever, swelling, redness, inflammation, burning, cough, diarrhea, fatigue, muscular pain, nausea, vomiting, rapid pulse or rapid breathing.
* If the patient has a severe headache, difficulty in breathing, painful swelling, and unexplained prolonged fever or a cough, he or she should immediately consult a doctor.

Conventional drugs that are given to treat infections like antibiotics, antiviral, antihistamines and steroids have many side effects on the human body . They, on one hand hampers the digestive power of the system, and on the other hand lower the immunity power of the body. In the long run, these medicines can have adverse effects on the body. Though conventional drugs suppress the disease for some time, the disease tends to resurface in future.

However, Homeopathy has been found to be a great success in treating both acute and chronic infections. The best part is that, there is no side effect.

Homeopathy also boosts our immune system so that the body naturally develops the strength to fight against infections in future, when foreign bodies invade. Homeopathic medicines have also proved to be effective as preventive measures against infections.

Some of the Homeopathic medicines for the treatment of most common infections are discussed below:

1. Throat infections - Belladonna, Lachesis, Lycopodium, Phytolacca, and Mercurius are most commonly administered to cure throat infections.
2. Skin infection - Common homeopathic remedies are Sulphur, Calendula, Hypericum, Silica, and Hepar sulfuris.
3. Bladder infection - Berberis, Chimaphila, Hydrastis, Apis, Cantharis, and sarsaparilla are commonly prescribed.
4. Stomach infection - Arsenic album, Nux vomica, Carbo veg, Lycopodium, and Pulsatilla are commonly recommended.
5. Sinus infection - Kali bichromicum, Pulsatilla, Mercurius, Natrum muriaticum, and Allium cepa work well in cases of sinus infections.

Most of the Homeopathy medicines are prescribed on the basis of symptoms observed. So, Homeopathic medicines are prescribed even before the definitive diagnosis is made. Thus, the time saved prevents the infection from spreading, and the patient is automatically cured rapidly.

गठिया रोग के लक्षण - Gathiya Rog Ke Lakshan!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
गठिया रोग के लक्षण - Gathiya Rog Ke Lakshan!

जॉइंट्स की सूजन जो गंभीर होने पर गठिया का रूप ले लेती है. इसके कारणों में से एक कमज़ोर प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली का होना है. आयुर्वेद के अनुसार, मानव शरीर तीन बिंदुओं पर काम करता है, जिसमें वात, पित्त और कफ शामिल है. वही बात करें गठिया रोग की, तो इसे मुख्यतः मानव शरीर में वात दोष के कारण माना जाता है. गठिया को इसके मूल कारणों और वात दोष के आधार पर एंटी-इंफ्लेमेटरी दवाएं या पेन किलर्स आपके गुर्दे, पेट, लिवर और हृदय पर गंभीर दुष्प्रभाव छोड़ सकती हैं. वहीं आयुर्वेद दवाएं काफी सुरक्षित हैं और वह रोग के मूल कारणों को कम करके रोग का इलाज करती है.

अमा जिसे ख़राब पाचन के कारण पैदा हुए विषाक्त पदार्थ के रूप में भी जाना जाता है. यह पूरे शरीर में फैलकर कमजोर जोड़ों पर जमा होती है. इसके बाद वात तीव्र हो जाता है. जिसके कारण जॉइंट्स की सूजन आदि समस्या देखने को मिलती है. जो आखिर में गठिया या आमवात में परिवर्तित हो जाती है.

अगर डॉक्टर की भाषा में बात करें तो इस रोग को अर्थराइटिस भी कहा जाता है. इसे कुछ फूड्स का नियमित सेवन करके दर्द में आराम मिल सकता है. हालांकि, यह बीमारी ज्यादातर वृद्ध लोगों में देखने को मिलती है. लेकिन बदलती हुई लाइफस्‍टाइल के कारण इस रोग को युवाओं में भी देखा जा सकता हैं. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम गठिया रोग के लक्षणों के बारे में जानें -

1. जोड़ों में दर्द
अर्थराइटिस जिसे आम भाषा में संधिशोथ भी कहा जाता है. जोड़ों में दर्द, जकड़न और सूजन को इसके सबसे प्रमुख लक्षणों में देखा जाता हैं. इसके अलावा बहुत से मामलों में देखने को मिलता है कि गठिया के दौरान रोगियों के प्रभावित अंग लाल पड़ जाते हैं. साथ ही इस रोग के दौरान मरीज़ की चलने की गति भी कम हो जाती है. कुछ लोगों में गठिया के लक्षण सुबह के समय ज्यादा प्रभावी होते हैं.

2. जोड़ों में सूजन का अनुभव
आप घुटने, कूल्हे, कंधे, हाथ या पूरे शरीर के किसी भी जोड़ में गठिया दर्द का अनुभव कर सकते हैं. रुमेटॉइड गठिया में आपको थकान हो सकती है. साथ ही बहुत से मामलों में देखा जाता है कि प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली की गतिविधि धीमी पड़ने के कारण सूजन होने के अलावा भूख में कमी महसूस भी कर सकते हैं.

3. एनीमिया
इससे प्रबावित बहुत से रोगियों में एनीमिया के मामले भी देखे जाते है - जिसमें शरीर में खून की मात्रा कम हो जाती है. साथ ही कभी-कभी गठिया के तीव्र आक्रमण से रोगी को बुखार आदि भी देखने को मिलता है.

4. रुमेटी
गंभीर रुमेटॉइड गठिया का अगर सही समय रहते इलाज न किया जाए, तो यह जॉइंट्स के खराब होने का कारण बन सकता है.

5. हाथ-पैर में गाँठें
गठिया रोग में हाथों-पैरो में गांठे बन जाती है और इलाज में देर होने से यह गंभीर रूप ले सकती है जिससे बालों में कंघी करना, सीढियों पर चढ़ना यहां तक की चलना भी मुश्किल हो जाता है.
 

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General Tips For Any Musculoskeletal Pain!

MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB (Orthopedics), Fellowship in Knee Surgery, Fellowship, Arthroscopy Joint Surgery
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
General Tips For Any Musculoskeletal Pain!

General Tips for Any Musculoskeletal Pain:

  1. Avoid painful activity or positions. Respect pain threshold
  2. Warm/Cold packs, depending on what gives greater relief
  3. Painkiller gel, unless you are allergic to it or have a kidney disease
  4. Protect the part, keep it painfree.
  5. Consult an orthopedician especially if you also have any of the following:
    • Severe pain
    • Injury
    • Swelling
    • Fever, loss of weight, loss of appetite
    • Pain that wakes you up at night
    • Joints that are stiff in morning for more than an hour
    • Pain neck or back with any of the following
      • Any weakness of limb
      • Any loss of sensation
      • Any change in bowel or bladder habits
  6. Best not to self-medicate.

 

Hamstring Injury - How To Handle It?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Ranchi
Hamstring Injury - How To Handle It?

From marathon runners to footballers, amongst athletes, 'pulling a hamstring' is the most common type of injury. The hamstring is a group of four muscles at the back of your thigh. When one of these muscles gets overloaded or begins to tear, it is known as a hamstring injury. While a hamstring injury is painful, it does not indicate the end of an athlete's career.

Minor hamstring injuries may heal by themselves. In cases where one of the muscles is torn, surgery is required to repair and reattach the muscles. Recovery time depends on the severity of the injury. Stretching and exercising the muscles of the leg are the most important parts of rehabilitation.

The healing of a hamstring injury can be divided into four stages.

1. Acute phase: The first five days after a hamstring injury is known as the acute phase of rehabilitation. The aim of treatment at this phase is to reduce inflammation and keep the other muscles from atrophy. For minor hamstring injuries resting the leg, using ice packs and keeping the leg elevated can accelerate the healing process. Once the pain and swelling has decreased, patients can use a cane or crutch to exercise the leg.

2. Subacute phase: From the fifth day to the 3rd week after the injury, the focus of the treatment shifts from minimizing swelling to strengthening the leg and increasing the range of possible motions. At this time, an athlete can resume cardiovascular training. Swimming and other forms of aquatic training are said to be especially beneficial to the treatment of hamstring injuries.

3. Remodeling phase: The remodeling phase continues upto 6 weeks after the injury. Strengthening the leg is the focus of this stage of treatment. Using ankle weights can be beneficial towards strengthening the leg muscles. It is important to be careful about the weight being used and to gradually increase this weight to avoid an added injury.

4. Functional stage: This stage can last upto 6 months until the athlete can regain full function of his or her leg. As the athlete's gait gets back to normal, they may start jogging and short sprints. Gradually, more sport specific exercises may be added to the workout.

There is no fixed time when an athlete can return to active sports after a hamstring injury. While players with minor injuries may return to the field after 3 weeks, athletes with muscles tears may take upto 6 months to recover completely. Hamstring injuries tend to reoccur and hence before they can get back to active sports, an athlete must pass an isometric strength test and flexibility test. This ensures that there are no subtle after effects of the injury that can increase the risk of a repeat injury.

3804 people found this helpful

Is Bruise A Wound?

MBBS, DNB, Indian Diploma In Critical Care Medicine
General Physician, Gurgaon
Is Bruise A Wound?

Wounds and bruises are both injuries. However, they differ widely in terms of the causing factors, the nature of the injury, the pain they cause and the kind of treatment they require.

The following are a few of the myriad ways in which the two injuries differ from each other:

1. A wound causes quick damage - the skin tissue is cut or punctured while a bruise (also called a closed wound) is where the skin is not torn.
2. A wound is usually caused by a sharp object but bruises are the results of blunt force or trauma.
3. A wound almost certainly bleeds due to ruptured tissue and blood vessels. Blunt injury also damages the blood capillaries of the skin and causes blood to accumulate under the skin tissue, creating a dark patch of skin. Blood vessels can also break due to lifting of heavy objects or overexertion of muscles.
4. A wound carries the risk of infection because the skin is open but a bruise does not get infected.
5. A wound has a burning or stinging sensation but a bruise is characterized by swelling and a blunt throbbing pain.
6. A wound can be healed by antiseptic and antibiotic medication. Large wounds need to be closed by stitching them up to avoid severe infection. On the other hand, a bruise usually heals by itself. A cold compress and pain killers may be used to ease discomfort. Heat can be applied to the injured spot to normalize the blood flow and dissolve the blood clot.
7. A wound can lead to complications like bacterial infections or the healing might be delayed by chronic diseases like diabetes. In case of a bruise, it usually does not cause complications but if there's a blunt injury to sensitive areas like the head, the tailbone or the eyes, medical attention is advised.
8. Wounds and bruises can also be differentiated on the basis of their subtypes. The different types of wounds are:
a. Incision (sharp objects cutting the dermis layer of skin)
b. Abrasion (the epithelial tissue is scraped off)
c. Avulsion (a body structure is torn off)
d. Penetration (a sharp object causes an entry and an exit wound)
e. Puncture (only an entry wound caused by a sharp object)
The different types of bruises are:
a. Hematoma (blood pools under the skin)
b. Purpura(tiny spots of blood on the inside of the mouth)
c. Contusion (similar to hematoma and caused by external trauma)
d. Crush injury (caused due to a large amount of force on the body part for a long time)

Gout And Its Homoeopathic Cure!

BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
Gout And Its Homoeopathic Cure!

Normal uric acid levels are 2.4-6.0 mg/dl (female) and 3.4-7.0 mg/dl (male)
Some diets that are rich in purine end up causing increased production of uric acid. In other cases, it may be due to a completely sedentary lifestyle. Less intake of water also may be to blame in some cases as water plays an important role in washing out the excess of the uric acid. Regular usage of some medicines also causes the uric acid levels to rise. Another important factor is being overweight as obese people are much more likely to get gout as compared to those who have normal weight.
Homeopathic medicines are pretty effective at curing the acute as well as the chronic gout
Homeopathic constitutional treatment will give you a permanent cure naturally

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