Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Chemotherapy - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Chemotherapy is used in the treatment of cancer. There are a wide variety of drugs that are used in this method of treatment. Since cancer involves cell division, chemotherapy works to counter this effect by destroying the cancerous cells. In cases where surgery is used to remove the cancer is ineffective, the oncologist will recommend the treatment of chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy is sometimes used in conjunction with radiation and surgery in the treatment of cancer. It might be used to destroy the cancerous cells that remain after radiation therapy or even in order to shrink a cancerous growth before surgery or radiation therapy. The treatment is effective in decreasing the number of cancerous cells in the body and also helps to manage the symptoms of cancer.

While chemotherapy is an effective method of treatment, cancer cannot be cured completely. The chance of recurrence of cancer is always a possibility.

There are various side effects that occur after the course of chemotherapy treatment. The side effects that occur during the course of chemotherapy are relatively few.

Chemotherapy is administered in a course or a series of sessions that vary from person to person. The course could be every day for a week or once a week over a period of 8 weeks. It is also possible for the course to last several months. The variation of the time period for a course of chemotherapy depends on the recommendation from the oncologist and according to the drug being administered.

How is the treatment done?

Chemotherapy is an aggressive form of treatment wherein the drug attacks the cancer cells and destroys them. This form of treatment is administered in a number of ways. It could be given to the patient intravenously or as a tablet or even injected into the skin. A cycle of chemotherapy could be given on a daily basis for a week. Then the patient is given a resting period of two-three weeks before continuing with another cycle. Therefore one cycle could last for 3-4 weeks. However, the length of these cycles differs according to the type of drug and the patient.

When the drug is administered intravenously; a nurse will insert a needle into the vein in your arm which allows the chemo drug to drip through the IV. This happens at each session of the cycle of chemotherapy treatment. After the drug has been administered the nurse will then remove the needle. This process can take a few hours per session. The patient may experience exhaustion and fatigue during the session.

If it is a capsule or a tablet then the drug is given orally. You will be asked to swallow the pill and flush it down with a glass of water. The chemotherapy drug can also be administered directly to the affected organs or directly to an affected artery. In some cases, the drug can be injected into the skin, arm, leg or hip of the patient.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The eligibility for the treatment of cancer with chemotherapy depends on the following criteria:

  • Most patients with breast cancer are eligible for chemotherapy, except in certain cases according to the discretion of the oncologist. Patients with 3rd or 4th stage of cancer can be treated with chemotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy is the best form of treatment for patients when the cancer cells have spread throughout the body and in the bloodstream or within the lymphatic system.
  • There is no particular age limit for chemotherapy. While patients who are elderly might be prone to additional side effects, chemotherapy is effective in treating patients of all ages.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

The medical professional in charge of the treatment will decide whether or not you are eligible for chemotherapy treatment. In general, chemotherapy is used to treat various types of cancer. But in certain cases, chemotherapy might not be advisable. They are -

  • Pregnant women in their first trimester are not eligible for chemotherapy. After the first trimester, they can safely proceed with this treatment.
  • Chemotherapy is usually not for people who suffer from cancer which does not spread quickly.

Are there any side effects?

The side effects of chemotherapy are as follows:

  • Nausea and vomiting: Patients often experience these symptoms after each chemotherapy session.
  • Exhaustion and fatigue: It is normal to experience fatigue, weakness, and exhaustion for a while after the treatment has been administered.
  • Hair loss: One of the most evident side effects of chemotherapy is the loss of hair. Sometimes patients bald gradually, while others might not lose much hair. In many cases, the hair grows back after the treatment is over.
  • Minor symptoms like fever, weight loss, constipation are commonly experienced after chemotherapy treatment.
  • Patients may notice changes in their skin or nails and have bleeding gums or mouth sores. After chemotherapy patients bruise easily, experience changes in their sense of taste, nerve damage and even loss of appetite.
  • Certain major side effects include; problems with fertility, memory problems or heart disorders.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The guidelines that you should follow after the treatment of chemotherapy are:

  • Post-treatment patients suffer from sensitivity to sunlight. They should avoid direct sun exposure and use sunscreen for protection.
  • To deal with hair loss, you can use a wig to cover your head or cut your hair short.
  • It is important to eat healthy food and eat five short meals rather than three full meals in a day.
  • According to the doctor’s recommendation, you must take the medications as prescribed.
  • You can practice meditation and relaxing techniques. But it is important to stay active and exercise as much as possible, without straining yourself.

How long does it take to recover?

The amount of time it takes to recover depends on various factors such as stage of cancer, type of cancer, type of treatment and number of sessions. But on an average, the chemotherapy treatment lasts for about 2 to 6 months. Recovery at the end of the treatment can take a few weeks to a month.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of each chemotherapy session can range from Rs 15,000 to Rs 1, 00,000. Each patient might have to undergo a series of around 6 to 8 sessions or any number of sessions that the oncologist recommends.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of chemotherapy are not permanent since there is always a possibility of cancer to recur. Numerous studies show that patients have gone into remission after treatment with chemotherapy and surgery. The survival rate for cancer patients who have undergone chemotherapy is relatively high.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative methods of treatment of cancer besides chemotherapy are radiation therapy, surgery, homeopathic medicines.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: High Side Effects: High Recovery Time: High Price Range: Rs. 15,000 - Rs. 1, 00,000

Popular Health Tips

3 Treatment Methods You Can Undergo If You Have Paraganglioma

MCh Urology & Transplant Surgeon, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Urologist, Pune
3 Treatment Methods You Can Undergo If You Have Paraganglioma

Paraganglioma is a rare condition where tumors grow in the peripheral nervous system. Basically, these tumors are found near nerve clusters in the adrenal gland and even near certain blood vessels. There is no way to ascertain, whether these tumors are malignant or benign, which is why doctors should monitor such growths at regular intervals to check for cancer. Sometimes, the tumors may be caused outside the adrenal gland. These growths are often known as extra-adrenal paragangliomas. If you or anyone else you know suffers from paragangliomas, here are 3 ways by which this condition can be treated -

  1. Surgery: Almost all patients suffering from paragangliomas are recommended to undergo surgery. This is the best course of treatment and ensures that the tumor is removed from the source. However, owing to certain medical conditions, some people may not be able to undergo surgery. For these patients, other forms of treatment have to be used. However, if you are cleared for surgery, you will need to prepare for the same extensively. For instance, alpha-blockers will be used at least 10 to 14 days prior to the operation. These medications will ensure that the effects of adrenaline can be limited during the administration of anesthesia during the surgery. Doctors will also check whether the alpha blockers are working. Just 3-4 days prior to the operation, the patient may also be prescribed beta blockers, in a bid to slow down the heart. The surgery is caused with the help of general anesthesia and the patient is put to sleep. In most cases, an open surgery is conducted to remove the paraganglioma tumor. However, minimally invasive laparoscopic surgeries may also be successful in some cases. Generally, laparoscopic surgeries have a shorter recovery period and lesser pain post operation.
  2. Medical therapy: If the patient suffering from the paraganglioma cannot be operated upon, he/she needs to undergo treatment with medicines. While these are effective in reducing the level of adrenaline in the body, medication alone is rarely as effective as surgery.
  3. Radiation therapy: If the tumor from paraganglioma turns malignant or cancerous, standard treatment comprising medicines and surgery may not be feasible. In such cases, radiation therapy may be the best course to follow. Chemotherapy may also be prescribed for dealing with these cancer cells.

At any rate, it is essential to start treatment for paragangliomas immediately after it is diagnosed. Leaving the condition unattended can lead to severe complications that may be difficult to treat.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3174 people found this helpful

Radiotherapy - Is It Beneficial For Lung Cancer?

MD - Radiation Oncology, MBBS, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
Oncologist, Delhi
Radiotherapy - Is It Beneficial For Lung Cancer?

As much as you want to avoid, there are things you have no control over. Lung cancer (Bronchogenic Carcinomas) is one such nemesis that can throw life in shambles. The malignant tumor that originates in the lungs slowly spreads onto the other distinct and vital organs as well. Thought to be mostly affecting men who are chain smokers and into severe tobacco consumption, incidences of lung cancer in women are rising at an alarming rate over the past few years. Non-smokers may also be susceptible (to a lesser extent though) to lung cancer.

Lung cancer can be either

  • Non-small cell lung cancers: The NSCLC, accounting for ~85% of the lung cancer is one of the most common types of lung cancer affecting people, NSCLC may further be divided into
  • Adenocarcinoma: This type of NSCLC originates mostly in the peripheral regions of the lungs and may affect (spread) the lymph nodes. Non-smokers and women are mostly at the receiving end (other than the chain smokers).
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Also known as Epidermoid Carcinoma, often affects men, epidermoid carcinoma may originate in the tissues that line the bronchial tubes. The lymph nodes are often affected by Epidermoid Carcinoma.
  • Large-cell Undifferentiated Carcinoma: The point of origin of large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma is the surface of the lungs. They have a higher probability of spreading to the lymph nodes.
  • Bronchioalveolar Carcinoma: Though rare, bronchioalveolar carcinoma originates close to the air sacs.
  • Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC, accounting for ~25% of the lung cancer): As the name suggests, SCLC is marked by the rapid proliferation of small cells into large malignant tumors. SCLC can move throughout the body (affecting vital organs).

Radiotherapy to treat Lung cancer:
Radiotherapy plays a pivotal role in the treatment of lung cancer. The radiation therapy is mainly of two types

  • External beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
  • Internal radiation therapy (Brachytherapy)

In external beam radiation therapy, high-energy rays are focused on the cancer cells (thereby resulting in the apoptosis of the cancer cells) externally, from outside the body. EBRT is particularly helpful in case of Non-small cell lung cancers.

The EBRT may be of the following types

  • 3D-CRT (Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy): An advanced radiation therapy, 3D-CRT accurately marks the position of the cancer cells (using advanced computers). The treatment ensures minimum damage to the other healthy cells and tissues (energy rays are directed at the affected cells from different positions).
  • SBRT (Stereotactic body radiation therapy): This is a radiation therapy used in the treatment of NSCLC, when it is at a nascent stage.
  • IMRT (Intensity modulated radiation therapy): As the name suggests, in IMRT, the intensity of the radiation reaching the normal tissues and cells can be modulated. Like 3D-CRT, the radiation in IMRT is directed from different angles (for maximum results).
  • Internal radiation therapy (Brachytherapy): This type of radiation therapy is generally used to deal with lung cancers that tend to block the airways. In this therapy, the radiation process is carried out through a narrow tube, thereby, shrinking and collapsing the tumor.

The effect, dosage, and duration of radiation therapy depend on the stage and severity of the condition. In some cases, radiation therapy may be given together with chemotherapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2817 people found this helpful

APML - Is Chemotherapy The Only Way Out?

MBBS, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine
Oncologist, Nashik
APML - Is Chemotherapy The Only Way Out?

There are more than hundred varieties of blood cancer, but the most common ones are leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a type of leukemia, is when the white blood cells in the marrow begin to grow uncontrollably. This is an acute condition and both the onset and progress are very rapid. The cause is not known, and given the rapid progress, even treatment is often difficult. A more severe form of AML is the APML which is acute promyelocytic leukemia, which leads to reduced number of white and red blood cells and plasma.

This causes the following symptoms:

  • Anemia
  • Increased incidence of infections
  • Excessive bleeding from even minor cuts
  • Bleeding from nose and gums
  • Easy bruising
  • Blood in the urine
  • Extreme paleness and tiredness

What is different about APML?

There is one distinguishing factor with APML, which is that they contain a protein which when released into the bloodstream can cause severe bleeding, which may be very difficult to control. Chemotherapy kills these cells and so releases the proteins into the bloodstream. These cells need to be managed without chemotherapy, as the patient can even die of uncontrolled bleeding. With medical advances, two non-chemotherapy agents have been identified – all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA, vesanoid, or tretinoin) and arsenic trioxide (ATO or trisenox).

  1. ATRA: This is a type of vitamin A which is used either alone, in combination with chemo, in combination with arsenic trioxide, and also in combination with both chemo and arsenic trioxide. The effect is different in different people – helps control spread, helps prevent recurrence, and helps control symptoms. In many people, it has been successfully used instead of chemotherapy. ATRA is also used as a long-term maintenance agent. Side effects from ATRA include fever, dry skin, rashes, mouth sores, increased cholesterol, and swollen feet. These go away with stoppage of the drug.
  2. ATO: Arsenic is poisonous when given in large amounts. However, it was discovered that it could be used to treat APML with effects similar to ATRA. It is used alone, in combination with chemotherapy, with ATRA, or with both. It helps control the growth of cells and also helps in long-term maintenance therapy. ATO dosage needs to be monitored as it can cause heart rhythm issues.

With both these drugs, there is a significant side effect, known as differentiation syndrome. Often seen during the first cycle of treatment, this happens when the leukemia cells release a protein into the blood. Symptoms include fever, breathing, kidney damage, and severe fluid buildup. With these two drugs being widely used effectively, chemotherapy is not the only treatment option for APML. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3304 people found this helpful

Modern Day Targeted Chemotherapy & Cancer Care!

MBBS, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine
Oncologist, Nashik
Modern Day Targeted Chemotherapy & Cancer Care!

In the past, cancer was a disease that could not be cured. It was a threat to mankind. But as science has developed tremendously through all these years, today it is possible to fight cancer.
Cancer therapies have evolved with time. Until the late 90s, most of the drugs worked by killing the cancer cells. Some of the normal cells were also killed by them, but it was acceptable due to the huge effect on cancer cells.

In modern days, targeted therapies are being performed. Targeted therapy is a process of cancer treatment where instead of the cancer cells, the changes in the cells are targeted. Changes that help the cells grow, divide and thus spread cancer have been observed and so researchers can diagnose the right treatment that can block these affects and prevent cancer. This therapy uses drugs and it is different from traditional chemotherapy.

There are two types of Targeted therapy.

  • Small-molecule drugs: These drugs are small so that they can enter cells easily and target the changes inside the cells. They are taken as pills. They work by keeping the tissue around the tumor and starve it by stopping blood vessels that bring it nutrients.
  • Monoclonal antibodies: These are used to target the outer surface of cancer cells. They work like a plastic plug in an electric socket. They help chemotherapy and radiation therapy to cure cancer cells.


Targeted therapies are used in the fields below
Breast cancer
Lung cancer
Colorectal cancer
Kidney cancers

How It Works:
Targeted therapy can be used as a treatment option for cancer in the following ways:

  1. Destroy cancer cells: Cancer cells hide well from the immune system. This therapy points them out so that the immune system can destroy them. It also boosts the immune system to work better.
  2. Stop cancer cells growth: This therapy interferes with the proteins that divides the cancer cells and thus controls their growth.
  3. Kill the tumor: Blood vessels feed the cancer tumor. This therapy surrounds the tumor and stops the blood supply so that the tumor does not grow and remains small. And if the tumor already has blood supply, then it kills the blood vessels and causes the tumor to shrink.
  4. Deliver cell-killing substances: It delivers the cell-killing substances to the cancer cells. They are the monoclonal antibodies that are combined with chemotherapy drugs, toxins and radiation.
  5. Cause cancer cell death: Cancer cells avoid the dying process. These therapies cause them to go through the process.

Side Effects:
Targeted therapies are less toxic than standard chemotherapy. So it is a better option but it still has some side effects.

  1. Diarrhea
  2. Liver problems
  3. Skin problems
  4. Problems with wound healing
  5. Difficulty with blood clotting
  6. High blood pressure
  7. Gastrointestinal perforation

Even though it has some side effects, it is still way better and much more effective than traditional chemotherapy. So, cancer patients are advised to go through this modern-day therapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3062 people found this helpful

Understanding About FUE & FUT Technique!

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship Reconstructive Microsurgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Gurgaon
Understanding About FUE & FUT Technique!

Hair loss is one of the major cosmetic concerns, and this could be due to multiple causes, including heredity, stress, environmental pollutants, thyroid disease, chemotherapy and vitamin deficiency. However, with advancements in surgical procedures, hair loss can be treated effectively with hair transplantation. With premature hair loss becoming extremely common, the number of women and men going for hair transplantation is constantly on the rise.

There are two main types of hair transplantation techniques i.e. follicular unit extraction and follicular unit transplantation abbreviated as FUE and FUT respectively. The hair has a root portion called the follicle, which is essential for hair growth. In both the hair transplant procedures, the follicles are replaced in the area of hair loss, allowing for regrowth of the hair. The results can vary depending on the type and quality of hair and other environmental and dietary factors.

FUE: This involves the extraction of the hair follicles from the back of the head (or other donor sites like chest or back) using a small circular instrument. Over the next few days, this is then harvested and then placed back into the recipient area. This gets ‘accepted’ in the new area and then new hair begins to grow after a few days. This entire procedure may need to be repeated until the desired results are achieved. There would be multiple, tiny, non-pigmented dots in the donor site, which may not be a significant cosmetic concern. FUE is often indicated in younger people who have shorter hair styles and have not previous hair transplants without very good results.

FUT: Also known as follicular unit strip surgery, this involves removing areas of the scalp which have dense hair growth. A thin layer of the scalp of about 6 to 10 inches is removed and the scalp closed. This is then divided into multiple graft strips which are then transplanted into the recipient area. The surgeon creates holes through needles or a scalpel and then plants the grafts. Another sitting might be required to increase the density of the hair. This is a simple procedure where the hair from one part of the scalp is removed and transferred to the area where there is no hair. FUT is preferred by people who prefer a better quality of hair and slightly longer hair. In both cases, it is always advisable to talk to your doctor about what to expect and have realistic expectations about the results to expect.

Response to the treatment can widely vary across people, and some may require more than one sitting if the desired results are not achieved. Seeing hair grow not just improves appearance but also improves self-image and confidence for a person.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2922 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My mother has undergone angioplasty opn one stent has been placed on 04.02.2017, she is also suffering from breast cancer with 3rd stage. Pl tell what is your opinion on chemotherapy for cancer treatment i. E. When it can be started.

MBBS, MD - Medicine, MD - Oncology, Fellow of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (FRSTM & H)
Oncologist, Delhi
Dear, any chemotherapy if suggested for treatment of breast cancer of your mother, it is not going to harm your mother as regards stent is concerned. Whether she needs chemotherapy is to be some patients the status of breast cancer is such that hey do not need chemotherapy but only hormones or growth restraining single drug chemotherapy. For this we need to have all the details of your mothers history.
3 people found this helpful

I have diagnosed with infiltrating ductal carcinoma, NOS, in right breast (in biopsy report, triple negative (ER-negative, PR-NEGATIVE, HER 2-NEGATIVE). The tumor measures 4 cm* 3 cm mammographically. After giving 3 no. Of chemo My doctor suggest me for modified radical mastectomy. Please tell me if I go for complete breast removal & subsequent chemotherapy Radiotherapy is must or optional?

MD - Radiation Oncology, MBBS, DNB (Radiotherapy)
Oncologist, Howrah
Surgery is the definitive treatment for carcinoma breast. After surgery, remaining cycles of chemotherapy needs to be completed. Whether radiotherapy will be given or not depends on postoperative histopathology report.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Oocyte Freezing
Hi, this is Dr Leena Yadav. I am consultant IVF and reproduction with Bourn Hall Fertility Centre from the last 3 years now. I have given take home pregnancies and today what I am going to discuss with everyone here is about Egg Freezing or what we call as Oocyte Freezing. I want all the young females that they should opt Egg freezing or Oocyte freezing if they are planning to get married the late 30s or if they want a child bearing which is late after their marriage.

Why do I suggest you go for Egg Freezing?

Because the egg quality deteriorates gradually after the 30s and that is why the best time to preserve your oocytes is between 20-30 years. We would like to tell you that the egg quality deteriorates after the 30s. The females who are working and had their marriage but do not want a child right now, they can actually plan up Egg Freezing. If you plan up Egg Freezing at this point of time, that means you stop your biological clock. If you do your Oocyte freezing at 22-23 years, these oocytes can later be used to form embryos. The only thing we have to do is to de-freeze them and use these oocytes fertilise with your partner sperm and form embryos for you we can do this embryo transfer for you whenever you want to get pregnant. This can be done at the age of 35-42 years. But if you freeze your Oocytes between 20-30 years of age, you are actually stopping the biological clock there and actually focusing on having good Oocyte quality.

The other thing is you should also focus on Oocyte freezing if you have a family history of early menopause or you have a history of Pre mature Ovarian failure or if you people are diagnosed with some cancer or undergoing Chemotherapy. People who are diagnosed with cancer and are planning to have chemotherapy should prefer Oocyte or the egg freezing before taking the first cycle of Chemotherapy itself. Because if you take this decision after the cycle of Chemotherapy, then the Oocyte quality we get after the first shot of Chemotherapy will be really affected.

So, I would like that you should think about these things and get back to us. If you want to contact us for the same, you can connect with us through Lybrate and they will get you connected to us.

Thank you.

Play video
Current Approaches to Cancer Pain Management
Hello, I am Dr Gaurav Chanana. I m working as a consultant at Delhi Pain Management Centre. At Delhi Pain Management Centre, we are managing pains of every kind like muscular skeletal pain, back pain, heel pain and cancer pain also.

Cancer pain is one of the difficult pains to treat, difficult because cancer patients suffer from pain during the course of the disease either from the treatment like surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or due to the spread of cancer to the various tissues when we say it is metastatic cancer.

For management of cancer pain, we need an expert doctor who is comfortable with using of opioid in managing cancer pain. It s associated with side effects like constipation or drowsiness or the drugs are not being able to control the pain of the patient. At Delhi Pain Management Centre we try to manage cancer pain with various non-drug modalities, pharmacotherapy and also some interventions if and when needed.

If you have any query about cancer pain you can contact me via Lybrate through audio, video or in person consultation at any of our centres across the various parts of Delhi.
Play video
Lifestyle Diseases and it's Management
My name is Vaibhav Garg. I m a nutritionist and wellness consultant with appropriate diet therapy centre and as the name suggest appropriate diet therapy means the use of food and diet as a means of therapy and we have presence pan India. I m going to speak to you about lifestyle disorders.

Now, what are lifestyle disorders?

People in India especially are facing problems such as diabetes, cancer, arthritis, heart issues at an alarming rate and these are not diseases. These are problems that have come up as results of your lifestyle as a result of you re the air you breathe the water you drink the food you eat. Currently, the kind of treatments that are available for these issues does not provide any permanent relief. If I was to take diabetes as for example, you are put on medicines like midformen, or you are put on synthetic insulin by your doctor, but that s not really the cure for diabetes. If I take arthritis, for example, the replacement seems to be the only solution but that is not entirely true.

If I take cancer, for example, chemotherapy, radiation is just not the solution. Cancer cells are present in everyone s body. I want to keep it as simple as possible for the viewers out there. But there is something that triggers the mutation of cancer cells and that is the acidic food that we take. Those who have some knowledge they will know that our body functions in an alkaline environment. But 80% of the food that we intake in our Indian dietary system is acidic in nature. When I say acidic food, acidic food is one that deprives the cells of oxygen and cancer cells thrive in the deoxygenated environment. You need to give your body the right sort of alkaline food and we have seen in years of research and with our patients that the right kind of food can give miraculous results. You do not need any kind of chemotherapy radiation.

Your body is the best hospital that is if you give it the right environment, if you feed it the right food, you can overcome any of these problems. I would just like to add no matter what problem you are facing you should know all the facts; you should have all the facts in place. We are society greatly influenced by mass psychology tradition but you should understand that our body doesn t work on mass psychology, tradition or culture. Its based on scientific principle and you need to feed your body with the scientifically correct diet. If you that be assured you will not have any kind of issues going forward. So my message to you is this b educated, have the right knowledge before you blindly follow anyone, be it me or any other doctor.

If you have any queries with regards to food that you have to intake you can always get in touch with us via lybrate.

Play video
Common Causes Of Hair Loss In Men And Women

Myself Dr Sumit Agarwal I am a board certified plastic surgeon and hair transplant specialist practicing at Harleys clinic in Mumbai and also a specialist plastic surgeon, practicing in Balloon Hospital in Dubai.

Today I would be discussing about hair fall in men males and females, hair fall causes anxiety in both males and females. The common causes for hair fall is a hereditary inheritance more commonly from the maternal family or hormonal disturbances like hypothyroidism or Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS, other less common causes a micronutrient, deficiencies or cicatrical alopecia due to autoimmune conditions or post chemotherapy. In the recent past, it has been observed more youngsters coming with hair loss, starting it in early twenties age group which is priorly the stress of the studies or due to excessive use of chemicals undergoing procedures or may be due to environmental factors like hard waters, ciboria, dandruff and other reasons. So it is important before starting any hair loss treatment you should get yourself evaluated by a physician or a hair specialist the hair specialist. The hair specialist will do the clinical examination of the scalp and the Folly scopic examination of the hair roots to find the cause of the hair fall, he may also ask for certain blood test to find out micronutrient deficiencies like serum ferritin, serum Vitamin D3 and also for hormonal disturbances like thyroid profile. And after this your hair fall may be classified on the grades of the hair loss is maybe an early grade where just hair thinning has started up or in advance grde where balding patch has already certain. Not every patient is a candidate for hair transplant. Hair thinning patients may be treating accordingly with medications like multivitamin supplements and hair serum along with adjuvant therapy like Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) or Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) but if the balding settings patches then the hair transplant has to be considered. For hair transplant procedure political factors need to be considered before deciding for the procedure like age of the starting of the hair loss, grade of the hair loss, donor area sufficiency and if still there is any active hair fall which needs to be control first before embarking on hair transplant. Hair transplant, there are two techniques of doing it first is the Follicular Unit Transplant FUT and second is the Follicular Unit extraction or the FUE technique. The physician will discuss the details and pros and cons of the both the techniques. The results of the hair transplant procedure what you get they are natural and permanent, these hairs grow forever you can cut them, colour them and save them and even after the transplant have been done the medical treatment needs to be still continued to maintain the existing hairs. The medical treatment is a slow treatment it takes some time for the effect to come so keep patient and just continue, sometimes there may be some hair shedding at the start of the medical treatment, so do not panic, it eventually give good growth and it is the long term treatment so do not stop it abruptly ever. Always consult your physician before making any changes for your treatment.

If you have any further doubt or queries about the hair fall you can contact us through Lybrate.
Play video
Kidney Stones and Renal Calculi
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Kidney Stones and Renal Calculi

Hello everyone I'm Dr. Pallavi Mehta. I'm a homeopathic physician practicing in Mulund area since the last 5 and half years now. In my practice. I come across many cases which are succesfully treated with homeopathy. One of the cases in which I've seen very good results is kidney stones or renal calculi. Renal calculi is basically hard deposits of urine which are majorly composed of minerals and acid salts. The most common form of kidney stones is calcium oxalate stone. However, calcium phosphate, stru white and uric acid stones are also seen very commonly. There are other varieties as well.

The primary symptom which is faced by the people with urinal calculi is pain in the upper back region which radiates in the front. This is also called renal colic. There are other symptoms as well like nausea, vomiting or difficulty in passing urine, difficulty in passing frequent and small parts of urine and tehre might be some blood in urine etc. The commonest cause of having renal calculi or kidney stone is having a concentrated urine. Basically this happens because of insufficient drinking of water. However at this point i would also like to mention one thing that consuming enough calcium from natural food sources does not usually effect the formation of renal calculi but at the same time consumption of high oxalates can definitely cause renal calculi. The richest source of oxalate is spinach, beet, nuts, potato chips etc.

Uric acid stones are commonly found in people having gout and they can also be seen in people who are undergoing chemotherapy. Easiest way to diagnose kidney stones is by doing an X-ray or an ultrasound. A routine examination of the urine can also help us identify the kind of stone we have. Treatment of the kidney stones needs a Holistic approach, proper diet and proper intake of water is as important as taking proper medication. With homeopathic treatment we can also prevent the complications which can happen due to kidney stones and also prevent the recurrences which are commonly seen in stones.

In my experience I've come across and also treated a teenage female who used to have renal calculi since the age of 10yrs. She had also undergone two operations for the same situation and when she came to me she was also having a condition known as hydronefrosis which is basically a situation where in the stone gets implanted in the ureter leading to accumulation of urine in kidneys and swelling of the bladder ultimately. Within 6 months of the treatment, not only the stone was dissolved, the hydro nefrosis was reduced, it was almost gone and now it's been 3yrs that she has been out of treatment and she has not had even one problem related to urine and no stones at all.

In another case in a female of 70yrs old, she used to have frequent renal calculi and frequent urinary infections since almost as high as 20yrs. She used to have infections as frequently as twice every month. But within a month of starting the treatment, the urine culture report started dropping drastically which indiactes the number of bacteria in the urine, and it has been one and a half years since she has started the treatment in October 2015 and she has not had calculi at all and had only once urinal tract infection that too beacuse of some travelling issues and her personal issues of drinking insufficient water. Basically such are the good results we get in homeopathic treatment for conditions as important as renal calculi. Many people tend to rush to the urologist for such conditions and they tend to ignore alternate therapy.

I would really like to recommend that you can also consider alternate therapy like homeopathy for such conditions. For more information you can definitely contact me at Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice