Chemotherapy is used in the treatment of cancer. There are a wide variety of drugs that are used in this method of treatment. Since cancer involves cell division, it works to counter this effect by destroying the cancerous cells. In cases where surgery is used to remove the cancer is ineffective, the oncologist will recommend the treatment.
Chemotherapy is sometimes used in conjunction with radiation and surgery in the treatment of cancer. It might be used to destroy the cancerous cells that remain after radiation therapy or even in order to shrink a cancerous growth before surgery or radiation therapy. The treatment is effective in decreasing the number of cancerous cells in the body and also helps to manage the symptoms of cancer. While chemotherapy is an effective method of treatment, cancer cannot be cured completely. The chance of recurrence of cancer is always a possibility.
Chemotherapy is the treatment for a cancer patient to stop the growth of cancer cells. During the process cancer cells are killed or stop dividing. When chemotherapy is given by mouth or injected in the veins the drug directly enter in the cancer cells through the bloodstream. There are three major types of chemotherapy:
Chemotherapy is an aggressive form of treatment wherein the drug attacks the cancer cells and destroys them. This form of treatment is administered in a number of ways. It could be given to the patient intravenously or as a tablet or even injected into the skin. A cycle of chemotherapy could be given on a daily basis for a week. Then the patient is given a resting period of two-three weeks before continuing with another cycle. Therefore one cycle could last for 3-4 weeks. However, the length of these cycles differs according to the type of drug and the patient.
When the drug is administered intravenously; a nurse will insert a needle into the vein in your arm which allows the chemo drug to drip through the IV. This happens at each session of the cycle of chemotherapy treatment. After the drug has been administered the nurse will then remove the needle. This process can take a few hours per session. The patient may experience exhaustion and fatigue during the session.
If it is a capsule or a tablet then the drug is given orally. You will be asked to swallow the pill and flush it down with a glass of water. The chemotherapy drug can also be administered directly to the affected organs or directly to an affected artery. In some cases, the drug can be injected into the skin, arm, leg or hip of the patient.
Chemotherapy depends upon the treatment and type of cancer you are having. Doctors use the process of chemotherapy because it circulates in the whole body through the bloodstream. Chemotherapy is mostly given in the last stages of cancer to relieve pain.
Chemotherapy is administered in a course or a series of sessions that vary from person to person. The course could be every day for a week or once a week over a period of 8 weeks. It is also possible for the course to last several months. The variation of the time period for a session or course depends on the recommendation from the oncologist and according to the drug being administered.
The eligibility for the treatment of cancer with chemotherapy depends on the following criteria:
The medical professional in charge of the treatment will decide whether or not you are eligible for chemotherapy treatment. In general, chemotherapy is used to treat various types of cancer. But in certain cases, chemotherapy might not be advisable. They are:
The side effects of chemotherapy are as follows:
Chemotherapy is done to fight cancer but it has its own side effects. Every person responds in a different manner to chemotherapy. Trying these tips help manage some of the chemotherapy side effects:
It is recommended that one should eat light food while going through chemotherapy. Small portions of food must be taken at intervals. Avoid fatty and spicy food, and skipping meals during chemotherapy. Staying hydrated throughout the day and keeping muscle tissues hydrated with fluids. No treatment should be delayed to boost up the immune system.
The amount of time it takes to recover depends on various factors such as stage of cancer, type of cancer, type of treatment and number of sessions. But on an average, the chemotherapy treatment lasts for about 2 to 6 months. Recovery at the end of the treatment can take a few weeks to a month.
The cost of each chemotherapy session can range from Rs 15,000 to Rs 1, 00,000. Each patient might have to undergo a series of around 6 to 8 sessions or any number of sessions that the oncologist recommends.
The results of chemotherapy are not permanent since there is always a possibility of cancer to recur. Numerous studies show that patients have gone into remission after treatment with chemotherapy and surgery. The survival rate for cancer patients who have undergone chemotherapy is relatively high.
The alternative methods of treatment of cancer besides chemotherapy are radiation therapy, surgery, homeopathic medicines.
Relative Risk: High
Side Effects: High
Recovery Time: High
Price Range: Rs. 15,000 - Rs. 1, 00,000