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Lymphoma - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Lymphoma? Two main kinds of lymphoma are there: Causes : The main non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatments are:

What is Lymphoma?

Lymphoma is a cancer that starts in infection fighting cells belonging to the immune system. These cancerous cells are present in a lot of body parts like the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen and bone marrow. Lymphocytes modify themselves and grow rapidly when there is a lymphoma.

Two main kinds of lymphoma are there:

  • Hodgkin
  • Non Hodgkin

Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas both affect different types of lymphocytes. Each type grows at different speeds and has different responses to treatment. Despite being cancers, lymphomas are quite treatable. In many instances they get completely cured as well. Lymphomas differ from leukemia as both start in different kinds of cells. Lymphomas start in lymphocytes while leukemia start in bone marrow cells.

Causes :

In most cases scientists aren’t aware of the cause of lymphoma. You are more disposed to having it if:

  • You are above 60 years in age
  • You are male
  • You have weakened immunity due to an immune system disorder like Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease or lupus
  • You are infected by viruses like hepatitis C, human herpes virus 8 or Epstein-Barr
  • You are related to someone having lymphoma
  • You have had an exposure to chemicals like benzene
  • You have had treatment before for non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin lymphoma
  • You have a high Body Mass Index
  • There has been radiation therapy done on you for cancer

A doctor can check for enlarged lymph nodes and will look for lymphoma symptoms. This doesn’t usually imply that there are cancer cells. A biopsy may be needed to detect cancer cells. To do this, a part or the entire lymph node may be removed. Another way to do this is to take small amounts of tissue from the node affected. The treatment depends on the kind lymphoma and the extent of its spread.

The main non-Hodgkin lymphoma treatments are:

  • Chemotherapy- Drugs are used to kill cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy- High energy rays are used to kill cancer cells
  • Immunotherapy – The body’s immune system starts attacking cancer cells

The main Hodgkin lymphoma treatments are radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Stem-cell transplant may be needed if the above treatments don’t have any effect. The cancer cells get killed by this treatment, but stem cells present in the bone marrow also get destroyed.

Popular Questions & Answers

Follicular lymphoma stage 4 ax doctor advised for 4 chemotherapy cycles out of 6 cycles with are benda chemotherapy management. successfully completed first cycle. Please guide me further.

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Medical Oncology
Oncologist, Mumbai
Follicular lymphoma is a low grade lymphoma. The prognosis is good will require 6 cycles of bendamustine with rituximab followed by rituximab maintenance.
1 person found this helpful

I am presently 24 year old man and 20 days ago, I went to a doctor for some anxiety related issues. He took my weight and it was the same as 6 months ago. It had not changed. He asked me to get a cbc test done as a part of routine checkup. I got it done 3 days ago and got the reports. I saw something truly abnormal and unexpected which has shocked me. My rbc is 6.0, hemoglobin 13.70,platelets 1.95, hematocrit 41.7%, rdw is slightly high at 16.8%, low mcv, low mch and normal mchc values. What's scary is the abnormal wbc count 11.50, lymphocytes 47%, neutrophil 44%, eosinophil and monocyte, basophil normal. The serious cause of concern is the absolute lymphocyte which is 5.17.that's alarming. Plus there is no apparent reason for these abnormal wbc values. I do not have any visible cause like fever or viral infection to which I can attribute this outcome. For the past 3 days, I am having moderate continuous pain in the area near my right elbow. Just above right elbow on the backward side of the arm. I suspect it to be plans with lymph nodes at that region. The pain often goes up towards right and upper back of shoulder and neck. Do not know whether it is muscular pain or serious pblm with lymph nodes. I feel tired, dizzy and had been diagnosed with acute vitamin d deficit in october 2018. My appetite is gone and I do lack proper nutrition. I feel lethargic and am extremely panicked. For some time around 4 days, I am feeling internally feverish and having body aches. My body temp was at 99.2 2 days ago but came down and now is around 98 or 98.6.i am scared about whether this is lymphoma because my grandma died 2 years ago of leukemia. And I read that lymphoma causes pain in lymph nodes and abnormal lymphocytes. But, I do not observe any inflammation of right elbow area to the naked eye. The method in which the cbc was done is flowcytometry and microscopy and nothing was mentioned about abnormal lymphocytes. Could it be lymphoma? Before going to a specialist, I would beg for an advice here.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user, nervousness or anxiety disorders are a category of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear, where anxiety is a worry about future events and fear is a reaction to current events. These feelings may cause physical ...
2 people found this helpful

Hi I am from Bangladesh, He is diagnosed as a suspected case of lymphoma. I am interested to get an appointment of an senior oncologist in kolkata on last week of this moth (october). What should I go now.

DM - Clinical Haematology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Hematologist, Durgapur
Hi, if your diagnosis is lymphoma you should get treatment from a hematologist for proper management. And you should not delay the treatment. In case you need the details you can contact me through online private consultation.
2 people found this helpful

Hi all, My mother is Non-Hodkins Lymphoma patient and she was treated for this in 2015. The treatment got completed in 2015 august. Pet-Ct is done regularly for every 6 months. A left level 1b and II cervical lymph nodes was observed with suv max of 4.8 and size of 2.4*1.3 since 1 year. Last year one left axillary node was also there with suv max of 5.8 so doctors asked us to get it biopsed and result is that its not cancerous. But now in the recent pet scan report left level 1b and II cervical lymph nodes was only present and the suv max of those nodes are less than the one that is taken in the past that is 4.4 and size of 1.7*9 mm. previously the doctors told that those nodes may no be cancerous and suggested that no biopsy is required for that node but now as there is no other nodes other than this there are threatening us to go for biopsy. As the same node is present since 1.5 years do we still go for biopsy. We are in dilemma whether to go for biopsy or not because its under neck and if something goes wrong situation will be worse. Please suggest some thing.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Please don't be panic. I suggest you to consult a oncologist in person. We are here to help you in every aspect of your mental and physical health. Any sexual or psychological problems can be cured with the help of var...
1 person found this helpful

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