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Last Updated: Nov 06, 2019
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Mouth Sores: Causes, Treatment, Cost and Home remedies

What is a mouth sore? What causes mouth sores? Do mouth sores need to be diagnosed? How are mouth sores treated? How to get rid of mouth sores? Can mouth sores be prevented? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is a mouth sore?

A mouth sore is a small, shallow sore that can appear on any of the soft tissues, floor and roof of your mouth, on lips and cheeks or at the base of your gums. In some cases, you can develop sores on the oesophagus, the tube leading to your stomach. Mouth sores are generally harmless and last for about two weeks. However, in extreme cases, they can be a sign of mouth cancer.

You must consult a doctor if you experience sores that are more than half an inch in diameter, rashes, joint pains, diarrhoea or fever. Mouth sores can occur if you bite your tongue, cheek or lip, chew tobacco, brush your teeth too hard or use a very hard bristled tooth brush. They may also occur if you have braces, retainers or dentures. Minor mouth sores go away naturally but major ones might need to be treated.

What causes mouth sores?

There can be several reasons which can cause mouth sores and the usual reason can be:

  • If your mouth gets burnt
  • Chewing tobacco
  • Get your tongue bitten
  • If you brush your teeth too hard or if your toothbrush is very hard
  • If you get irritated with any kind of sharp objects like braces or dentures.

There can be some other causes as well that can also cause mouth sores:

  • Prescription medications or over-the-top medications
  • Gingivostomatitis
  • Oral thrush
  • Infectious mononucleosis
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy
  • An autoimmune disorder
  • Cancer
  • Celiac disease
  • Bacterial infection
  • Fungal infection
  • Viral infection
  • A weak immune system

Do mouth sores need to be diagnosed?

Though mouth sores can get treated on their own and needs a bit of handling sometimes they can get worse, thus the real reason needs to be diagnosed. These are situations for which you should need to go to the doctor:

  • White-colored patches on the sores
  • If you have been suspected with herpes simplex or another infection
  • If you have started taking cancer treatment
  • If you have recently gone through any transplant surgery
  • If you have changed your medication or if any medicine is not suiting

How are mouth sores treated?

Mouth sores get treated by themselves within 10-14 days and they last up to six weeks. They get healed by themselves but if it is taking much time then you can do some treatments for them to be healed:

  • You can avoid eating hot and spicy, high sugar foods, salty and citrus food
  • Avoid eating tobacco
  • Try doing gargles with lukewarm and salty water to seek some relief from pain
  • Taking medication for pain which includes acetaminophen
  • You can also treat them by applying baking soda and water paste
  • Avoid squeezing or picking the blisters as it can worsen the condition
  • If mouth sores still not get healed by doing all these treatment then you can visit the doctor and take medications prescribed by them which can be a pain reliever, anti-inflammatory drug, or steroidal gel.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Make sure that you consume a healthy and balanced diet while avoiding junk food. Avoid very hot food and drinks. Chew the food slowly. Do not smoke or chew tobacco. Drink plenty of your water to hydrate your body and mouth. Use a soft bristled tooth brush and brush your teeth gently. Protect your skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun while stepping out.

How to get rid of mouth sores?

Mouth sores home remedies:

These are the ways in which we can get rid of mouth sores at home:

  • Alum Powder: This is very useful during mouth sores as it is made of potassium aluminium sulfate which is used for food reservations. Alum consists of astringent properties and which helps in shrinking down the tissues and also dries them out. You can directly apply alum powder on the mouth sores and repeat until they are gone.
  • Rinsing mouth with salt water: This is one of the best things that can be done for painful mouth sores. Saltwater helps in the drying up of the canker mouth sores. You can dissolve salt in the water and swirl that in your mouth. Repeating it 2-3 times a day helps get rid of them rapidly.
  • Rinsing mouth with baking soda: Baking soda helps in restoring the pH balance of the mouth and also reduces inflammation. It heals the mouth sores very fast. You can dissolve 1 teaspoon of baking soda in ½ cup water and swirl it in the mouth. Repeat it for 3-4 times a day.
  • Honey: It is full of anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties and honey helps is getting rid of the pain, redness, and also prevents secondary infection which sores can cause.
  • Coconut oil: Coconut oil has antimicrobial properties and it prevents bacteria from spreading. The anti-inflammatory properties of coconut oil help in the reduction of pain and redness.
  • Milk of magnesia: This consists of magnesium hydroxide which works as a laxative and an acid neutralizer. It does not let the mouth sores thrive for a much longer period of time.
  • Mouthwashes: Different kinds of mouthwashes which include sage mouthwash, DGL (deglycyrrhizinated licorice) mouth wash, apple cider vinegar mouthwash. All of these are helpful in the removal of sores from the mouth.

Can mouth sores be prevented?

These are the ways in which mouth ulcers can be prevented:

  • By chewing your food slowly
  • By not eating spicy or salty food
  • Use a soft toothbrush and keep dental hygiene
  • Eating a balanced diet and drinking lots of water
  • Stop smoking and tobacco
  • Limit the consumption of alcohol
  • Do not let your body to remain in stress for a longer period of time
  • Start taking vitamins such as vitamin B supplements

Visit the dentist if there is any kind of dental problems present

How long does it take to recover?

The time period of recovery depends on the severity of your condition. Most sores go away in about two weeks.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

One session of consultation with a doctor may cost you between ₹200 - ₹600. The cost of acetaminophen may be around ₹100 per 500ml.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Mouth sores may occur again if you go through the same conditions again.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Most mouth sores go naturally in some time. If you do not want to go through medications, you can wait for them to disappear on their own.

Popular Questions & Answers

I had a friend stay over at my home a month ago (6-9 june). He told me that he had unprotected receptive anal with a stranger (man) as a hookup 2-4 weeks before that. I had a lot of casual contact with him- shared meals, beverages, slept alongside, etc. Recently he caught the flu and I too have been having flu like symptoms. I am having severe panic attacks since a few days thinking about his hiv status which he still hasn't confirmed. Reasons i'm worried: - he had a big scab from an injury on his foot when he came home. He kept scratching it and touching me afterwords. - I saw him biting his lips in the afternoon and I too had chapped lips, and we shared fruit juice in the evening from the same glass. So i'm worried about some blood being present in it. - he had sex only 2-4 weeks before that, which means his viral load would be extremely high if he caught the virus. I have: - fever - throat swollen from one side on the inside with a whitish patch) - extreme fatigue - sores and itchy scrotum - I simultaneously developed some sores inside my mouth and on my scrotum a week ago. The mouth ulcerations have subsided but not the scrotum ones. It's itchy and a little scraped. - mild muscle aches i'm terribly worried about contracting hiv. My physician knows a little about this and he said that it's not a risk. I've been tested negative after 1 month, but I am showing symptoms now and I read that antibodies are detectable after sometime. Please help me alleviate my fears. :(

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
You seem to have surely contracted viral illness, but may not be HIV. Get tested for the same, and relax. Consult a doctor for the same.

For the past two years, I have been getting repeated wounds and cuts on the side of my tongue. I have a constant burning pain 24/7. This might be due to a sharp teeth or something else, but the cause has not yet been diagnosed properly. Recently, I noticed a small painless bulge/lump on my tongue. Since it is said that chronic trauma to the tongue may lead to cancer, should I take any tests to determine it?

DNB Surgical Oncology, MS Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MNAMS
Oncologist, Noida
You need a clinical examination of your oral cavity by a cancer surgeon If necessary he may do a biopsy from the lesion and also a MRI of mouth and neck.
3 people found this helpful

Dear Dr. U Suffering last 5 months Diabetes. Mly sugar level is 140 fast. After fast is 210. Which is the best medicine fir that. Right now I take gimpxin 2 mg. But j take continue s I I ulcers in my mouth. So pl. Advice fir the best.

MD - Medicine, Diploma in Diabetes Management
Diabetologist, Surat
Dear lybrate-user You are by far away from the desired levels of sugar, just based on this information it is not possible to choose the right medicine for you, your diet, detailed history, previous reports are needed.
1 person found this helpful

I had an exposure .i have mouth ulcer, fever after 4 day of exposure. After 30 days of exposure I have done hiv duo combo the obtained value is 0.22 and is nonreactive, after 50 days done hiv duo combo the obtained value is 0.36.i am feared about rise in the value and is I want to retest at 90 days.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. Thanks for the question. HIV spread through Contact between broken skin, wounds, or mucous membranes and HIV-infected blood or blood-contaminated body fluids. Deep, open-mouth kissing if both partners have sores or bleeding gums and blo...
2 people found this helpful

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