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Overview

Harmless 12.5 MG Syrup

Harmless 12.5 MG Syrup

Manufacturer: Hi Tec Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Medicine composition: Colistin
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Harmless 12.5 MG Syrup is an antibiotic which treats bacterial infections by stopping the growth of bacteria. It is a very effective medicine to treat infections of the stomach and the intestine caused by sensitive gram-negative bacteria. It is also used for performing bowel sterilisation before a surgery.

During your treatment with this medicine, you may experience a few side effects like stomach upset and itching. Serious side effects may include numbness of the arms and legs, confusion, difficulty walking, psychosis, unsteadiness, unexplained fever, seizures, troubled breathing, muscle weakness, dizziness, slurred speech and signs of kidney problems.

You should not take this medicine if you have previously experienced allergies towards any of the ingredients in it or if you suffer from myasthenia gravis (a rare condition where muscle tire very fast), brain toxicity, impaired kidney function or colitis. This medicine should not be used during a pregnancy unless absolutely necessary. Women who are breastfeeding should use it with caution. Medicines like tacrolimus, vancomycin, ethanol estradiol, streptomycin or live cholera vaccine may interfere with the action of Harmless 12.5 MG Syrup so make sure your doctor knows if you are taking any other medicines.

Harmless 12.5 MG Syrup is administered into the body by injecting it into a vein or a muscle as directed by your doctor. For severe gram-ve bacterial infections the usual dosage is 2.5-5 mg/kg/day in 2-4 divided doses. Maximum dose prescribed is 5 mg/kg/day. Your prescription depends on your medical condition and response to treatment. It is recommended to keep taking this medicine for the full prescribed duration. Contact your doctor if you see no improvement in your condition.

Bowel sterilization
This medicine is used for bowel emptying before certain surgical procedures are performed.
Gastrointestinal infections
This medicine is used for the treatment of infections of the stomach and intestine. It is particularly effective against gram negative bacteria.
This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known history of allergy to colistin or any other medicine belonging to polymyxin antibiotic group.
This medicine is not recommended for use in patients suffering from a rare condition where muscle tire very fast.
In addition to its intended effect, Harmless 12.5 MG Syrup may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Burning or tingling sensation of hands and feet Moderate Less Common
Visual disturbances Moderate Less Common
Stomach discomfort and cramps Moderate Rare
Nausea or Vomiting Minor Common
Weakness of arms, hands, legs or feet Moderate Common
Severe difficulty in breathing Major Less Common
Confusion Major Rare
Blood in urine and stools Major Rare
Skin irritation Minor Less Common
How long is the duration of effect?
The time duration for which this medicine remains effective in the body is not clinically established.
What is the onset of action?
The time taken for this medicine to show its effect is subject to variations and is not clinically established.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine should not be used during a pregnancy unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor and discuss the potential benefits and risks associated with use.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine should be used with caution by women who are breastfeeding. Consult your doctor and discuss the potential benefits and risks associated with use.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Harmless 12.5 MG Syrup, and hence can be used as its substitute.
Missed Dose instructions
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, then the missed dose can be skipped.
Overdose instructions
Contact your doctor if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms may include mental confusion, difficulty in walking, dizziness, skin irritation etc.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Brain toxicity Major
The injectable form of this medicine should not be used in patients with brain damage, memory problems, anxiety, depression and other mental disorders. Your doctor will determine the best course of treatment after assessing the condition.
Impaired kidney function Major
This medicine should be used with caution in patients suffering from a kidney disease. Symptoms of the disease may worsen after the use of colistin. You may need a dose adjustment and more frequent clinical monitoring while using this medicine.
Colitis Moderate
Use of this medicine may cause severe irritation of the stomach and the intestine. Report any instance of colitis in the past or the present to the doctor. Appropriate diagnostic tests and clinical monitoring are advised before starting the treatment course with this medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Tacrolimus Major
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. You may need a dose adjustment and frequent clinical monitoring to safely use these medicines together. Report incidences of loss of appetite, sudden weight gain, and fluid retention to the doctor immediately.
Vancomycin Moderate
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. You may need a dose adjustment and frequent clinical monitoring to safely use these medicines together. Report incidences of loss of appetite, sudden weight gain, and fluid retention to the doctor immediately.
Ethinyl Estradiol Moderate
Use of this medicine may make oral contraceptives less effective. This may result in unintended pregnancies. Other methods of contraceptions should be discussed with the doctor before treatment with colistin is initiated.
Live cholera vaccine Major
Report the use of this medicine before taking a live cholera vaccine. Any live vaccine should be taken 14 days after stopping the use of colistin.
Streptomycin Major
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. You may need a dose adjustment and frequent clinical monitoring to safely use these medicines together. Report incidences of hearing or vision loss to the doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello Doctor. Sir mere bhai ke tongue ke niche ek pimple type ka ho gaya hai. Jisme pani type hai. Please suggest me some medicines for that.

MBBS
General Physician,
Hello Doctor. Sir mere bhai ke tongue ke niche ek pimple type ka ho gaya hai. Jisme pani type hai. Please suggest me ...
Hello, Thanks for your query on Lybrate "As"per your clinical history is concerned please follow like this - 1)Do a clinical examination by your treating Doctor to ruled out oral [Ranula] which is a harmless mucus cyst. 2)If confirmed then permanent treatment will be surgical procedure. Hope that helps

My age is 19 years old. I have a problem of nightfall once in a week. Can I use safe musli for the problem.

BAMS, M.D.Alternative Medicines
Ayurveda, Belgaum
My age is 19 years old. I have a problem of nightfall once in a week. Can I use safe musli for the problem.
NOCTURNAL EMISSIONS/NIGHT FALL/SWAPNADOSH. A nocturnal emission, informally known as a wet dream, is a spontaneous orgasm during sleep that includes ejaculation for a male, or vaginal wetness or an orgasm (or both) for a female. Nocturnal emissions are most common during adolescence and early young adult years, but they may happen any time after puberty. CAUSES A.Physiological 1.Fluctuations in sex Harmones specially testosterone. 2.Puberty. 3.High stimulant diet like tea onion etc B.Pathological 1.Inflammation and infection to genital organs. 2 Pelvic congestions like piles varicose veins. 3.Neurotic disorders like emotions and stress loads on brain and nerves. C.Psychological 1.Ecxess Sexual thoughts 2.Watching reading thinking exploited materials movies 3.emotional stress D.Addictions Excess exposure to exploited abusive materials videos and environment. PRECAUTIONS TO AVOID NIGHT FALL. Do not sleep on the back Do not use milk at night Avoid overeating Take your night meal at least before 3 hours before going to bed Excessive spices, wine, eggs, meat and other stimulating things should be avoided. Plenty vegetables, fruits should be taken Tea, curd, betel should be avoided Food should be chewed thoroughly Avoid taking much fluid after dinner Intake water frequently during day time. Void urine prior to going to bed. Get up early in the morning since such discharges occur in the morning hours Excessive horse riding and cycling should be avoided Deep breathing and long walk in healthy atmosphere should be done Amorous thoughts and discussions should be avoided Daily and light exercise should be done Clean the genitals daily. Moderate diet should be taken Ayurveda may prove best and safe method of treatment in order to cure night emission. Don't excess think about sexual thoughts and acts. Avoid exploited abusive material environments Relax meditate to control mind. MANAGEMENT 1.Proper Diet. 2.Proper Life style Modifications 3.Yoga meditations 4.Counselling 5.Proper Safe harmless Ayurvedic medications. 6.Proper Sexual behaviours and knowledge. HOME REMEDY 1.Jayphala (Nutmeg) churna at Night. 2.Jamun seed churna at night. HERB REMEDY 1.Akarakarabhadi Vati 2.Jatiphaladi Vati. I HAVE VERY GOOD AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR NIGHT FALL. SAFE. EFFECTIVE.NO SIDE EFFECTS. I NEED your DETAILED HISTORY INVESTIGATION AND PREVIOUS TREAMENT DETAILS TO EVALUATE EXACT PROBLEMS. U CAN CONSULT ME FOR THIS PROBLEM. I WISH U HAPPY HEALTHY AND PROSPEROUS LIFE AHEAD. GOD BLESS U. REGARDS
1 person found this helpful

Hello. My mother has suffering from gallbladder stones for the past one month. It has got infected completely. So during surgery doctors had taken only the infection but not yet removed the gallbladder. Recently we took scan n Infection S all gone now. So Wen to undergo next surgery to remove the gallbladder? Can we do it immediately. It's been one month the previous surgery been done for infection.

BHMS, PGDCBM, MD(AM)
Homeopath, Gurgaon
Hello. My mother has suffering from gallbladder stones for the past one month. It has got infected completely. So dur...
If there are no stones and no infection now, let the patient heal completely. Even after that, go for gall bladder removal surgery only if absolutely required. She can take caution in her diet to avoid further stone formation and go for regular check ups.

Dear Dr, I am getting married in next month .Please suggest any harmless pills which can be used daily to prevent pregnancy & how to use & how many days before of marriage I should start. Thanks to all of you. Regards.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Dear Dr,
I am getting married in next month .Please suggest any harmless pills which can be used daily to prevent pre...
All pills have hormones in them. The safest way will be to observe safe period. Or you can put a vaginal pessary like (Today) inside vagaina before doing sex .Next safe option is to use Saheli tablet which is non hormonal and it contains safe Centchroman

I have simple hepatic cyst about 4 to 5 cm and also I am related to cancer (because my mother had breast cancer). So will I suspect to it or not?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
A cyst is not cancer and you seem to be frightened due to your mother's case. You can examine the cyst to know its real nature.

Popular Health Tips

Body Lumps - 11 Reasons Behind It

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Lucknow
Body Lumps - 11 Reasons Behind It

Lumps are usually harmless and do not raise serious concerns. However, if the lump persists for more than two weeks, it may be a serious issue. Lumps are categorized based on their place of occurrence and each of them demand separate treatment. Learn the signs of danger related to lumps and take action accordingly.

Reason behind formation of Lumps
Injury is one of the major causes behind lumps. If the lump is painful, one must consult a doctor immediately. There can be various other causes behind lumps, which depend upon its place of occurrence.

  1. Epidermoid and pilar cysts (sebaceous cysts) appear as small smooth lumps under the surface of one’s skin. Such cysts are non-cancerous, hence, can be treated easily.
  2. Swollen lymph glands generally occur in neck or in groin or under the armpit. Usually, any infection results in swollen lymph glands. However, in certain cases it may be caused by cancer.
  3. Skin abscess is a term given to collection of pus. e.g. boils. Symptoms of abscess consist of redness and swelling.
  4. Style or Chalazion causes swelling on the eyelids.
  5. Lump in the salivary glands happens due to mumps
  6. Swelling in the thyroid glands may cause lump in the neck region. This lump may encompass the entire third gland or a part of it.
  7. Breast lumps occur in both men and women. Generally, they do not indicate breast cancer. Any abnormal swelling in the breast must be immediately shown to the doctor.
  8. Hernia or enlarged lymph gland may result in a lump in the groin.
  9. If a person experiences swelling in the scrotum, he must immediately consult a doctor.
  10. Lump in the anus can be caused due to piles. The small vessels engulfing the anus may get swelled piling up more blood than usual. Other than a pile, abscess could also be the reason behind lump.
  11. Lump on the hand, wrist, finger may occur due to ganglion. Such cysts may develop around joints or tendons.

Signs which indicate you must get your lump checked by a doctor

  1. If the lump gets hard or firm
  2. If the lump gets sore
  3. If the lump gets enlarged
  4. If the lump doesn’t vanish within few days
  5. If your body temperature rises more than normal
  6. If you experience abnormal loss in weight
  7. If you experience any such abnormalities
  8. If the lump reappears post removal

If any of the above sign occurs, it is better to consult a doctor and get your lump checked. In most cases, lumps are harmless and non-cancerous. But it is better to take precaution.

1 person found this helpful

Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)

CCT (UK) General Psychiatry, MD-Psychiatry, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)


Postural tachycardia syndrome (pots) can be a life altering and debilitating chronic health condition. Simply standing up can be a challenge for people with pots as their body is unable to adjust to gravity. Pots is characterised by orthostatic intolerance (the development of symptoms when upright that are relieved by lying down). Symptoms include headaches, fatigue, palpitations, sweating, nausea, fainting and dizziness and are associated with an increase in heart rate from the lying to upright position of greater than 30 beats per minute, or a heart rate of greater than 120 beats per minute within 10 minutes of standing. 

Diagnosis:-

Detailed questioning of the patient is the key to accurate diagnosis. Physical examination and appropriate investigations are also important. Other causes of symptoms need to be considered and identified.

Patients are usually diagnosed by a cardiologist, neurologist or medicine for the elderly consultant.

To be given a diagnosis of pots, a person needs to have:

A sustained increase in heart rate of greater than 30 beats per minute within 10 minutes of standing those aged 12-19 years require an increase of at least 40 beats per minutethese criteria may not apply to those with a low heart rate when resting there is usually no drop in blood pressure on standing

Investigations

It may be necessary for patients to have some or all of the tests below

Electrocardiography (ecg)

An ecg is performed to rule out any heart problems that may cause symptoms similar to those found in pots.

The active stand test

The active stand test can be used to diagnose pots. Under careful supervision, heart rate and blood pressure are measured after resting lying down, then immediately upon standing and after 2, 5 and 10 minutes. This test may bring on symptoms of pots and some people may faint.

Head-up tilt table test

This involves lying on a table that can be tilted to an angle of 60 to 70 degrees in a quiet, dimly lit, temperature controlled room. Blood pressure and heart rate are recorded in a continuous manner. After a period of 5 to 20 minutes of lying flat, the table is tilted. Although a diagnosis of pots should be made by an increase in heart rate of 30 bpm within the first 10 minutes, this upright position can last between 10 and 45 minutes. The patient will be asked how they are feeling during the test, so symptoms can be matched with heart rate and blood pressure. The test will end if your blood pressure becomes too low, satisfactory results have been obtained, or the maximum time has elapsed.

If facilities are available, some patients are tilted after a carbohydrate drink (liquid meal challenge), exercise or heat.

24 hour ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate monitor

Sticky patches are applied to the chest and are linked to a little box which is attached by a belt your waist. It monitors heart rate over a 24 hour period. A blood pressure cuff on your arm will intermittently check your blood pressure. The patient is asked to go about their usual daily activities, trying to reproduce events that seem to cause the symptoms. A diary stating the time and activity performed at the moment when the symptoms started should be kept. Doctors look to see if there is a fast heart rate or drop in blood pressure at the time of symptoms.

Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)

This test is to check if the heart’s structure is normal. In this test a technician will apply some jelly on the chest and will roll an ultrasound probe in many directions to create a 3 dimensional image of the heart. It is a painless and harmless test that similar to the ultrasound scan used routinely during pregnancy to look at the unborn baby.

24-hour urine collection 

Individuals with pots often have low urinary sodium levels of less than 150 millimole per 24 hours.

Another 24 hour urine collection may be carried out to test for high levels of noradrenaline and epinephrine to rule out pheochromocytoma (a growth on the adrenal gland) as a possible cause of symptoms.

Blood tests

Bloods are taken to rule out other conditions. These may include:

Kidney function blood count including ferritin liver tests thyroid tests calcium levels glucose

Blood can also be taken for norepinephrine whilst lying and then standing (or when upright on the tilt table); if levels exceed 600 picogram/millilitre, it may suggest hyperadrenergic pots.

Other tests which may be carried out

  • Eeg
  • Autonomic function screening tests
  • Sweat testing.
2 people found this helpful

Pregnancy Changes

BAMS, Msc-Psychoneurobics, Diploma in Counseling and Spiritual Health
Ayurveda, Faridabad
Pregnancy Changes

Pregnancy brings a variety of changes to the body. They can range from common and expected changes, such as swelling and fluid retention, to less familiar ones such as vision changes. Read on to learn more about them.

Hormonal changes:
Hormonal changes during pregnancy
The hormonal and physiological changes that come with pregnancy are unique.

Pregnant women experience sudden and dramatic increases in estrogen and progesterone. They also experience changes in the amount and function of a number of other hormones. These changes don’t just affect mood. They can also:

Create the “glow” of pregnancy
Significantly aid in the development of the fetus
Alter the physical impact of exercise and physical activity on the body
Estrogen and progesterone changes

Estrogen and progesterone are the chief pregnancy hormones. A woman will produce more estrogen during one pregnancy than throughout her entire life when not pregnant. The increase in estrogen during pregnancy enables the uterus and placenta to:

Improve vascularization (the formation of blood vessels)
Transfer nutrients
Support the developing baby
In addition, estrogen is thought to play an important role in helping the fetus develop and mature.

Estrogen levels increase steadily during pregnancy and reach their peak in the third trimester. The rapid increase in estrogen levels during the first trimester may cause some of the nausea associated with pregnancy. During the second trimester, it plays a major role in the milk duct development that enlarges the breasts.

Progesterone levels also are extraordinarily high during pregnancy. The changes in progesterone cause a laxity or loosening of ligaments and joints throughout the body. In addition, high levels of progesterone cause internal structures to increase in size, such as the ureters. The ureters connect the kidneys with the maternal bladder. Progesterone is also important for transforming the uterus from the size of a small pear — in its non-pregnant state — to a uterus that can accommodate a full-term baby.

Pregnancy hormones and exercise injuries

While these hormones are absolutely critical for a successful pregnancy, they also can make exercise more difficult. Because the ligaments are looser, pregnant women may be at greater risk for sprains and strains of the ankle or knee. However, no studies have documented an increased rate in injury during pregnancy.

A pregnant woman’s entire posture changes. Her breasts are larger. Her abdomen transforms from flat or concave to very convex, increasing the curvature of her back. The combined effect shifts the center of gravity forward and may lead to changes in her sense of balance.

Weight gain, fluid retention, and physical activity

Weight gain in pregnant women increases the workload on the body from any physical activity. This additional weight and gravity slow down the circulation of blood and bodily fluids, particularly in the lower limbs. As a result, pregnant women retain fluids and experience swelling of the face and limbs. This water weight adds another limitation on exercise. Learn about natural treatments for swollen hands.

Many women begin to notice slight swelling during the second trimester. It often continues into the third trimester. This increase in fluid retention is responsible for a significant amount of weight gain women experience during pregnancy. Tips for easing swelling include:

Rest
Avoid long periods of standing
Avoid caffeine and sodium
Increase dietary potassium
Weight gain is usually the primary reason that the body can’t tolerate prepregnancy levels of exercise. This even applies to the seasoned, elite, or professional athlete. Round ligament strain, increased size of the uterus, and pelvic instability from laxity of the ligaments may lead to increased discomfort during exercise.

Tip: for fun, take a photograph of yourself from the side profile early in your pregnancy, using your best posture. Take another photo near your due date and compare these side profiles. The changes are remarkable, aren’t they?

Senses
Sensory changes
Pregnancy can dramatically alter how a woman experiences the world through sight, taste, and smell.

Vision changes

Some women experience vision changes during pregnancy, characterized by increased nearsightedness. Researchers don’t know the precise biological mechanisms behind changes in vision. Most women return to prepregnancy vision after giving birth.

Common changes during pregnancy include blurriness and discomfort with contact lenses. Pregnant women often experience an increase in intraocular pressure. Women with preeclampsia or gestational diabetes may be at an elevated risk of rare eye problems, such as retinal detachment or vision loss.

Taste and smell changes

Most women experience changes in their sense of taste during pregnancy. They typically prefer saltier foods and sweeter foods than non-pregnant women. They also have a higher threshold for strong sour, salty, and sweet tastes. Dysgeusia, a decrease in the ability to taste, is most commonly experienced during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Certain taste preferences may vary by trimester. Although many women experience a dulled sense of taste for a short period of time postpartum, they typically regain full taste capability after pregnancy. Some women also experience a metallic taste in the mouth during pregnancy. This can aggravate nausea and may indicate a nutrient imbalance. Learn more about impaired taste.

At times, pregnant women also report changes in their sense of smell. Many describe a heightened awareness and sensitivity to a variety of odors. There’s little consistent and reliable data indicating that pregnant women actually notice and identify certain odors and intensity of odors more than their non-pregnant counterparts. Nevertheless, the vast majority of pregnant women report a perceived increase in their own sensitivity to odors.

Changes related to childbirth
Breast and cervical changes
Hormonal changes, which begin in the first trimester, will lead to many physiological changes throughout the body. These changes help prepare the mother’s body for pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding.

Breast changes

Pregnant women’s breasts often undergo a series of significant changes during pregnancy as their bodies prepare to supply milk to the newborn baby. Pregnancy hormones that affect skin pigmentation often darken the areola. As the breasts grow, pregnant women may experience tenderness or sensitivity and notice that the veins are darker and the nipples protrude more than before pregnancy. Some women may develop stretch marks on the breasts, particularly if they undergo rapid growth. Many women will also notice an increase in the size of the nipple and areola.

Small bumps on the areolas often appear. Most women will begin producing, and even “leaking,” small amounts of a thick, yellowish substance during the second trimester. This substance is also known as colostrum. In addition to producing the colostrum for the baby’s first feeding, milk ducts in the breasts expand in preparation for producing and storing milk. Some women may notice small lumps in the breast tissue, which can be caused by blocked milk ducts. If the lumps don’t disappear after a few days of massaging the breast and warming it with water or a washcloth, a doctor should examine the lump at the next prenatal visit.

Cervical changes

The cervix, or the entry to the uterus, undergoes physical changes during pregnancy and labor. In many women, the tissue of the cervix thickens and becomes firm and glandular. Up to a few weeks before giving birth, the cervix may soften and dilate slightly from the pressure of the growing baby.

In early pregnancy, the cervix produces a thick mucus plug to seal off the uterus. The plug is often expelled in late pregnancy or during delivery. This is also called bloody show. Mucous streaked with a small amount of blood is common as the uterus prepares for labor. Prior to delivery, the cervix dilates significantly, softens, and thins, allowing the baby to pass through the birth canal. Learn more about the stages of labor and how they affect the cervix.

Hair, skin, and nails
Changes in the hair, skin, and nails
Many women will experience changes in the physical appearance of their skin during pregnancy. Although most are temporary, some — such as stretch marks — can result in permanent changes. In addition, women who experience some of these skin changes during pregnancy are more likely to experience them again in future pregnancies or even while taking hormonal contraceptives.

Hair and nail changes

Many women experience changes in hair and nail growth during pregnancy. Hormone changes can sometimes cause excessive hair shedding or hair loss. This is especially true in women with a family history of female alopecia.

But many women experience hair growth and thickening during pregnancy and may even notice hair growth in unwanted places. Hair growth on the face, arms, legs, or back can occur. Most changes in hair growth return to normal after the baby is born. It’s common, however, for hair loss or increased shedding to occur up to a year postpartum, as hair follicles and hormone levels regulate themselves without the influence of pregnancy hormones.

Many women also experience faster nail growth during pregnancy. Eating well and taking prenatal vitamins adds to the growth hormones of pregnancy. Although some may find the change desirable, many may notice increased nail brittleness, breakage, grooves, or keratosis. Healthy dietary changes to increase nail strength can help prevent breakage without the use of chemical nail products.

“Mask” of pregnancy and hyperpigmentation

The vast majority of pregnant women experience some type of hyperpigmentation during pregnancy. This consists of a darkening in skin tone on body parts such as the areolas, genitals, scars, and the linea alba (a dark line) down the middle of the abdomen. Hyperpigmentation can occur in women of any skin tone, although it’s more common in women with darker complexions.

In addition, up to 70 percent of pregnant women experience a darkening of skin on the face. This condition is known as melasma, or the “mask” of pregnancy. It can be worsened by sun exposure and radiation, so a broad-spectrum uva/uvb sunscreen should be used daily during pregnancy. In most cases, melasma resolves after pregnancy.

Stretch marks

Stretch marks (striae gravidarum) are perhaps the most well-known skin change of pregnancy. They’re caused by a combination of physical stretching of the skin and the effects of hormone changes on the skin’s elasticity. Up to 90 percent of women develop stretch marks by the third trimester of pregnancy, often on the breasts and abdomen. Although the pinkish-purple stretch marks may never fully disappear, they often fade to the color of surrounding skin and shrink in size postpartum. Stretch marks can itch, so do apply creams to soften and reduce the urge to scratch and possibly damage the skin.

Mole and freckle changes

The hyperpigmentation caused by changes in hormones during pregnancy can cause changes in the color of moles and freckles. Some darkening of moles, freckles, and birthmarks can be harmless. But it’s always a good idea to see a dermatologist or physician about changes in size, color, or shape.

Pregnancy hormones can also cause the appearance of dark patches of skin that are often unpreventable. Although most skin pigmentation changes will fade or disappear after pregnancy, some changes in mole or freckle color may be permanent. It’s a good idea to have a skin check for potential skin cancer or pregnancy-specific skin conditions if you notice any changes.

Pregnancy-specific rashes and boils

Small percentages of women may experience skin conditions that are specific to pregnancy, such as puppp (pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy) and folliculitis. Most conditions involve pustules and red bumps along the abdomen, legs, arms, or back. Although most rashes are harmless and resolve quickly postpartum, some skin conditions may be associated with premature delivery or problems for the baby. These include intrahepatic cholestasis and pemphigoid gestationis.

Circulatory system
Circulatory system changes
The following are common during pregnancy:

Huffing and puffing while climbing stairs
Feeling dizzy after standing quickly
Experiencing changes in blood pressure
Because of rapid expansion of the blood vessels and the increased stress on the heart and lungs, pregnant women produce more blood and have to utilize more caution with exercise than non-pregnant women.

Heartbeat and blood volume during pregnancy

During the second trimester of pregnancy, the mother’s heart at rest is working 30 to 50 percent harder. Most of this increase results from a more efficiently performing heart, which ejects more blood at each beat. Heart rate may increase up to 15 to 20 percent during pregnancy. It’s not uncommon to approach 90 to 100 beats per minute in the third trimester. Blood volume increases progressively during pregnancy until the last month. The volume of plasma increases 40-50 percent and red blood cell mass 20-30 percent, creating a need for increased iron and folic acid intake.

Blood pressure and exercise

There are two types of circulatory changes that may have an impact on exercise during pregnancy. Pregnancy hormones can suddenly affect the tone in blood vessels. A sudden loss of tone may result in the feeling of dizziness and perhaps even a brief loss of consciousness. This is because the loss of pressure sends less blood to the brain and central nervous system.

Additionally, vigorous exercise may lead to decreased blood flow to the uterus while diverting blood to muscles. However, this has not been shown to have a long-term impact on the baby. Furthermore, there’s evidence to suggest that individuals who exercise have improved blood supply to the placenta at rest. This may be beneficial to placental and fetal growth and weight gain.

Dizziness and fainting

Another form of dizziness can result from lying flat on the back. This dizziness is more common after 24 weeks. However, it can happen earlier during multi-fetal pregnancies or with conditions that increase amniotic fluid.

Lying flat on the back compresses the large blood vessel leading from the lower body to the heart, also known as the vena cava. This decreases blood flow to and from the heart, leading to a sudden and dramatic decline in blood pressure. This can cause dizziness or loss of consciousness.

After the first trimester, it’s not recommended to do exercises that involve lying on the back due to the impact from blood vessel compression. Lying on the left side may help relieve dizziness and is a healthy position for sleep.

Women experiencing any of these conditions, particularly during exercise, should consult their doctor.

Respiratory and metabolic changes
Respiratory and metabolic changes
Pregnant women experience increases in the amount of oxygen they transport in their blood. This is because of increased demand for blood and the dilation of blood vessels. This growth forces increases in metabolic rates during pregnancy, requiring women to up energy intake and use caution during periods of physical exertion.

Breathing and blood oxygen levels

During pregnancy, the amount of air moved in and out of the lungs increases by 30 to 50 percent due to two factors. Each breath has a greater volume of air, and the rate of breathing increases slightly. As the uterus enlarges, the room for movement of the diaphragm may be limited. Therefore, some women report the feeling of increased difficulty in taking deep breaths. Even without exercise, these changes may cause shortness of breath or the feeling of being “air hungry.” exercise programs may increase these symptoms.

Overall, pregnant women have higher blood oxygen levels. Studies have shown that pregnant women consume more oxygen at rest. This does not seem to have an impact on the amount of oxygen available for exercise or other physical work during pregnancy.

Metabolic rate

Basal or resting metabolic rate (rmr), the amount of energy the body expends while at rest, increases significantly during pregnancy. This is measured by the amount of oxygen used during periods of total rest. It helps estimate the amount of energy intake required to maintain or gain weight. Changes in metabolic rates explain the need to increase calorie consumption during pregnancy. The body of a pregnant woman slowly increases its energy requirements to help fuel the changes and growth taking place in both the mother and baby.

Metabolic rates increase substantially by just 15 weeks’ gestation and peak in the third trimester during the greatest growth phase. This increased metabolic rate may put pregnant women at a higher risk of hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. Although the metabolic rate may drop slightly as the pregnancy reaches term, it remains elevated over prepregnancy levels for several weeks postpartum. It will remain elevated for the duration of breastfeeding in women producing milk.

Body temperature changes

An increase in basal body temperature is one of the first hints of pregnancy. A slightly higher core temperature will be maintained through the duration of pregnancy. Women also have a greater need of water during pregnancy. They can be at higher risk of hyperthermia and dehydration without caution to exercise safely and remain hydrated.

Hyperthermia – overheating during pregnancy

Heat stress during exercise creates concern for two reasons. First, an increase in the mother’s core temperature, as in hyperthermia, can be harmful to the baby’s development. Second, loss of water in the mother, as in dehydration, can decrease the amount of blood available to the fetus. This can lead to increased risk of preterm contractions.

In non-pregnant women, moderate aerobic exercise causes significant increases in core body temperature. Pregnant women, whether they exercise or not, experience a general increase in base metabolic rate and core temperature. Pregnant women regulate their core temperature very efficiently. Increased blood flow to the skin and the expanded skin surface release increased body heat.

It’s been shown that pregnant women do not have as much of an increase in body temperature during exercise as those who are not pregnant. However, pregnant women should avoid exercising in non-breathable clothing and in very hot or humid conditions, since the impact of hyperthermia can be severe. The following may help reduce the risk of overheating while exercising:

Use fans during indoor activity
Exercise in the pool
Wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothing
Dehydration

Most women who exercise for 20 to 30 minutes or who exercise during hot and humid weather will sweat. In pregnant women, loss of bodily fluids from sweat can decrease the blood flow to the uterus, the muscles, and some organs. The developing fetus needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients carried through the blood, so injury may result from a lack of fluid.

In most conditions, uterine oxygen consumption is constant during exercise and the fetus is safe. However, exercising can be dangerous for women with pregnancy-induced hypertension. That’s because this condition limits uterine blood volume as the vessels clamp down and deliver less blood to the area.

If you’re cleared for exercise during pregnancy, be sure to follow common-sense tips. Avoid excessive heat and humidity and rehydrate, even when you’re not thirsty.

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Psychosomatic Disorder - How Homeopathy Plays A Role?

BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Psychosomatic Disorder - How Homeopathy Plays A Role?

'Psycho' refers to the mind and 'soma' refers to the body, so psychosomatic disorder is a problem with a combination of mind and body. Not only are these bodily disorders caused by a psychic factor, the correlation between these symptoms (aggravation and recovery) are very strong.

Psychosomatic disorders are commonly referred as psychosomatic illness. It is an illness whose symptoms are caused by mental processes of the sufferer rather than immediate physiological causes. If a medical examination can find no physical or organic cause or if an illness appears to result from emotional conditions such as anger, anxiety, depression or guilt then it might be classified as psychosomatic.

The concept of psychosomatic disorders has been in existence since the time of Sigmund Freud. The belief is that with the varied emotions that a person experiences, each disease manifests with a different set of symptoms in each person, implying that each person needs to be treated differently and not given the same disease-specific medication. This is where homeopathy plays a very strong role in psychosomatic disorders as it also believes in treating the person as a whole and not just the symptoms.

In homoeopathy, we base our prescription on what we call constitutional symptoms where we give lot of importance to the mental symptom as well as to the characteristic physical symptom. Hence every prescription from a Homoeopathic physician will surely include an element of psychosomatic angle. It is beyond the scope of this editorial to mention all the remedies of Materia Medica which has the scope for the treatment of psychosomatic disorders.

The homeopath always undertakes a thorough discussion with the patient to understand the accompanying symptoms in detail and then arrive at a customized treatment plan.

Some of the most common psychosomatic disorders include irritable bowel syndrome, migraine, GERD, ulcerative colitis, and allergy disorders.

Specific substances are given to manage anxiety, depression, irritability, insecurity, paranoia, etc. These feelings are considered inducers for the above disorders, and managing them can help bring about a harmony in the patient's overall health.

GERD: Gastro esophageal reflux disease is a disorder that results from stomach acid moving backward from the stomach into the esophagus. GERD usually happens because the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the muscular valve where the esophagus joins the stomach, opens at the wrong time or does not close properly.

Homeopathy For GERD:

Homeopathic medicine relies not only on identifying the symptoms of the disease, but on a variety of personality traits, the person's mental state and other characteristic symptoms a patient exhibits which correlate to any particular remedy. When choosing a correct remedy for the treatment of heartburn, all aspects of the patient are taken into account.

These are some of the Homoeopathic medicines that may prove beneficial:- Argentum nit, Cal.carb., China, Carbo veg, Lycopodium, Nat. phos, Nux vomica, Phosphorus, Pulsatilla, Robinia, sulphuric acid etc.

Migraine: Migraine is a form of headache. The pain is usually throbbing, pulsating and bursting in character. At times, the pain is one sided or may involve the whole head. Such pain may last for hours or even days. It is often accompanied by other symptoms like nausea or vomiting. At the same time, there is increased sensitivity to light and sound. In some cases, the pain is preceded by some warning symptoms like flashes of light, temporary blindness or tingling sensation in the limbs.

Homeopathy for Migraine:

Belladonna is widely used homeopathy remedy for migraines, where headache is throbbing and violent, occurs suddenly, worsens on touching, and relieves with pressure. Glonoine is useful in congestive headaches with a reddened face that is worsened by sun or heat. Natrum Mur is useful in cases where headache is brought on by grief or stress.

Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis is a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine accompanied by ulcerated lesions of the intestinal tissues. It is characterized by episodes of abdominal pain with profuse diarrhea in which large quantities of blood, pus, and mucus are present in the feces. There is an urgency to move the bowels, as many as, three to ten times per day. It may be accompanied with pain, nausea, and vomit. Because of the loss of blood, the patient may become dehydrated and anemic.

Complications of ulcerative colitis includes liver and kidney disease, peritonitis, toxic mega colon, and risk of developing colon cancer.

Homeopathy for Ulcerative Colitis:

To identify the actual inducing agent, some foods are removed to see if they are inducing attacks. Once identified, that is removed from the patient's diet. In addition, aloe, arsenicum album, carbo vegetabilis, colocynthis, are commonly used remedies for ulcerative colitis. The patient is asked for associated symptoms like bleeding diarrhea, color of the feces, involuntary defecation, abdominal pain, anxiety, cramps, and stress before deciding on a treatment mode.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Irritable bowel syndrome, also known as spastic colon is a functional disorder characterized by recurrent abdominal pain, cramping, and bloating. Some people suffer from constipation, which means hard, dry stools, difficult to eliminate, leading to straining without success. Some people experience diarrhea, with frequent loose watery stools.

Homeopathy for Irritable Bowel Syndrome:

Sulphur, Pulsatilla, Phosphorus, Nux Vomica, Lycopodium clavatum, Argentum Nitricum, and Silicea are commonly used homeopathic remedies. Associated symptoms that need to be considered before deciding on a therapy include frequency of stooling, nature of stools, abdominal bloating, restlessness, irritability and nervousness.

Homeopathy is a preferred mode of treatment for psychosomatic disorders as they aim at a holistic treatment of the individual and not just at symptom management.

Allergy: Allergy is an abnormal reaction or increased sensitivity to certain substances. The allergic individual produces symptoms when exposed to these substances, which are harmless to non-allergic people. The main reason for this is that allergic people make a special type of antibody called immunoglobin E (IgE), which can react with environmental substances in harmful way. These substances which lead to secretion of IgE antibodies are called allergens.

Homeopathy for Allergy:

Few important remedies for the homeopathic treatment of allergy are- Histamine, Natrum Mur, Kali Bich, Sepia, Hepar Sulph, , Carbo Veg , Sulphur, Bryonia, Nux Vom, Apis Mel, Ailanthus, and Justicia adhatoda.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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How Homeopathy Helps Manage Warts?

CME Course In Diabetes For Family Physicians, Certificate In Child Health, BHMS
Homeopath, Gurgaon
How Homeopathy Helps Manage Warts?

Warts show up in all shapes and sizes. Caused by the human Papilloma virus (HPV), they are exceedingly contagious and while they can show up in anybody of all ages, they will probably trouble children and teenagers.

About all warts are harmless however once they appear on conspicuous places such as the face or hands, most individuals will do almost anything to dispose of them.

Contemplating Warts-

Warts are frequently seen as simply a minor nuisance – to expel the wart is to evacuate the issue. Yet, is this totally genuine? No, say homeopaths.

Their presence on top of the skin warns of a more profound weakness or susceptibility that allows them to proceed and flourish. While expelling the wart creates a sans blemish skin, it does nothing to right this fundamental weakness – the person is still defenseless against future medical issues.

Homeopathic Remedies For Warts-

At the point when using homeopathy for warts, great results are accomplished when the cure corresponds to the characteristics of the person as well as the shape and appearance of the wart.

On account of that, three remedies are prescribed more regularly than whatever other – Antimonium crudum (Ant-c.), Nitricum acidum (Nit-air conditioning.) and Thuja occidentalis (Thuj.) (under strict supervision of the experts). Perused on for the descriptions of these three and other regular wart remedies.

  1. Antimonium crudum (Ant-c.) (under strict supervision of the experts): Hard, smooth warts that frequently show up in groups. Crabbiness and a thickly covered white tongue also suggest the requirement for this cure. The person may also gorge and have various complaints regarding the digestion problem.
  2. Calcarea carbonica (Calc.) (under strict supervision of the experts): Round, hard, solitary warts. Frequently useful for endophytic warts that have a horny divider surrounding a focal depression. Shown in individuals with sticky hands and feet who incline toward routine and the well known as opposed to change and the obscure.

At long last, a Warning About Warts

Some skin cancers such as squalors cell carcinomas appear to be similar to warts so it is critical to get a firm diagnosis if there is any uncertainty.

In case genital warts are present it is also imperative for ladies to have a PAP smear to watch that pre-cancerous changes have not occurred on the cervix.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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