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Overview

Myasthenia Gravis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Myasthenia Gravis- What is it?

The disease Myasthenia gravis results in muscles that tire and become weak easily. It may interfere with everyday activities as common as chewing food. If a patient has this disease his jaw muscles may tire soon and affect his food intake. After some rest, they may let the patient continue as usual. In fact, this tendency of tiring with little use then resumption of the normal state with a little bit of rest is the characteristic hallmark of this particular disease. During certain periods the symptoms are acuter, termed medically as an exacerbation, together with periods of remission when the symptoms disappear altogether. The most commonly affected muscles by this particular disease happen to be the ones that control the movement of the eyelids and eyes. Most patients witness weaknesses in other groups of muscles with the passage of a few years. When myasthenia gravis affects several groups of muscles throughout the body the condition is termed generalized myasthenia gravis. It may affect muscles that will make everyday tasks like swallowing, chewing, shrugging, smiling, lifting arms, standing up, gripping or walking up the stairs somewhat of a challenge. If the condition affects the breathing muscles it results in myasthenic crisis which is a condition that may pose a threat to one’s life. Though there is no exception regarding age or sex of people being affected by the disease it typically occurs in women who are aged between 20 to 40 and men between the ages 50 and 70. Mothers with myasthenia gravis may have babies affected with temporary weaknesses of the muscles which too may threaten the life of the newborn.

What are the causes of Myasthenia Gravis?

In the case of normal operations of nerves and muscles, nerves send directions to muscles to work by sending chemical messages through an area which is known as a receptor in biological terminology. The message is delivered through the chemical acetylcholine. The muscle knows it’s time to contract when acetylcholine binds itself to a nerve receptor. If a person is suffering from myasthenia gravis basically they have lesser amounts of acetylcholine receptors than what is needed by the body to function normally.

This disease is an autoimmune disorder. In cases of such diseases, the antibodies of the body mistakenly attack ones’ own body parts eventually destroying them. Antibodies are special proteins with the purpose of protecting the body from threats like viruses, bacteria or fungi. If one is affected by myasthenia gravis his or her antibodies attack, block or destroy the acetylcholine receptors that are essential for contraction of muscles. The disease is suspected to be connected with the thymus.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Altered speech Trouble in swallowing Problem chewing Little or no facial expression Drooping of the eyelids

Popular Health Tips

Muscle Weakness - 10 Common Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Devshi Visana 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Ahmedabad
Muscle Weakness - 10 Common Reasons Behind It!
After a tough workout session or a strenuous day at the office, your muscles may feel floppy and exhausted until you have given them a chance to rest. However, persistent muscle weakness with no apparent cause or explanation can be a sign of an underlying medical problem. What causes muscle weakness? Voluntary muscle contractions and movement are generated when the brain sends a signal through your spinal cord and nerves to the particular muscle. If there are any hindrances in the connections between them, it can result in muscle weakness. However hard you try, the muscle is such cases becomes abnormal. Here are some common causes of muscle weakness: Lack of Use: One of the most common causes of muscle weakness, lack of muscle fitness may occur as a result of a sedentary lifestyle. If the muscles are not used, then the fibers are partially replaced with fat. Ageing: As we age, our muscles tend to get weaker and lose strength. Muscles become bulky and recovery times during injury are greater. However, with physical activity, it is still possible to increase the muscle power. So stay active and instill strength in your muscles. Infections: Infections and inflammation can cause temporary muscle fatigue. Even though recovery is quick, if the infection is severe the weakness can last for some time. Without proper care, it can lead to permanent damage. Pregnancy: During and just after pregnancy, high levels of steroid in the blood and low levels of iron can cause muscle tiredness. Lower back pain is common during pregnancy and all your muscles may feel floppy. Chronic Diseases: With conditions of diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease and anemia, it can lead to muscle weakness by thwarting the essential blood or nutrient supply to the muscles. Also, chronic pain related ailments cause weakness. Injuries: Injury or trauma such as sporting injuries, pulls and sprains can deter the muscles. Along with localized pain, it can also lead to muscle weakness if not taken care of properly. Sleep Disorders: With disturbed or reduced sleep there is a general sense of tiredness that leads to fatigue in the muscles. Insomnia, anxiety, depression and other mental disorders also affect the muscles a great deal. Conditions affecting Nerves: Conditions like Myasthenia gravis or motor neuron disease affects the nerves and thereby fail to relay signals to the muscles, leading to weakness. Genetic disorder affecting muscles: There are also certain inherited diseases which can affect the muscles like muscular dystrophy. Spine-related disorders: Conditions like slip disc and other disorders affect the muscles served by the irritated or compressed nerves of the spinal cord.
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Homoeopathic Treatment On Various Diseases

Dr. Rushali Angchekar 95% (55049 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
Homoeopathic Treatment On Various Diseases
Homeopathy treatment for various diseases: Abortion, missed abortion Abscess Acne, pimples acromegaly Acute renal failure or acute kidney failure Addison s disease Afterpains pains after labour or delivery Alcohol withdrawal and alcohol addiction Alopecia areata Amenorrhea Anemia Angina Ankylosing spondylitis Anorexia nervosa Appendicitis Arteriosclerosis Arthritis / gout Asthma Autism spectrum disorder Back pain Boils on skin, back, armpit and face Bones diseases Breast pain and breast cancer bronchitis Candida Carbuncle Cerebral ischemia and cerebral congestion. Chickenpox Chilblains Cholera Chorea Chronic fatigue syndrome Chronic renal failure Colic, pain abdomen Common cold Constipation Corns / callus Cough Croup Dandruff Delirium, mental confusion Dentition / teething Diabetes Diarrhea Dropsy / oedema Dysentery Dysmenorrhea/ painful menstruation, Ear diseases Eczema / allergic dermatitis Enlarged adenoids & tonsils Prostate enlargement (benign hypertrophy of prostate gland) Epilepsy Erysipelas, cellulitis Eyes diseases Female diseases Fever Anal fissure Adhd Gonorrhea Frozen shoulder Ganglion / ganglion cyst in wrist Gangrene Gastric complaints, dyspepsia, flatulence, indigestion, acidity Genital herpes Genital warts Glandular affections Glomerulonephritis Goitre (simple goitre and exophthalmic goitre.) Gout Haemorrhages / bleeding Hair loss Hay fever, allergic rhinitis Migraine headache Heart diseases, cardiac disorders Heat exhaustion and heat stroke Hemorrhoids Herpes simplex Herpes zoster / shingles Hirsutism Hydrocephalus Hydrocoele Hypertension / high blood pressure Hyperthyroidism Hypothermia Hypothyroidism Hysteria Impotence, erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation Increasing breast milk Influenza / flu For injuries (including post-operative conditions.) nsanity Insomnia Malaria Intertrigo Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (still s disease) Keloid Kidney, diseases, kidney stones / renal calculi Labor, delivery Laryngitis Leucorrhoea white vaginal discharge lichen planus Liver diseases Locomotor ataxia Low blood pressure Marasmus Measles Melasma, chloasma Meningitis Menorrhagia, excessive bleeding during menses Menstrual cramps Mental problems, psychological disorders Moles / naevus Molluscum contagiosum Mood disorders / affective disorders depression, mania, bipolar disorder Morning sickness in pregnancy Mouth, oral diseases Multiple sclerosis Mumps Myasthenia gravis Nephrotic syndrome Neuralgia Nose bleed Obesity Obsessive compulsive disorder ocd Orchitis inflammation &; pain in testicle Ovarian cysts, ovary pain Pancreas, diseases of acute &; chronic pancreatitis Paralysis Parkinson s disease Peptic ulcers Perimenopause (pms) & menopause Homeopathy for peritonitis Piles (haemorrhoids, piles, emerods, grapes of wrath, or piles) Plantar fascitis pain in feet, soles, heel Pleurisy, pleural effusion Pleurodynia Pneumonia Polycystic kidney disease Pott s disease / tuberculosis of spine Premenstrual syndrome Problems during & after pregnancy Prolapsed intervertebral disc (slipped disc) Prostatitis &; benign prostate hypertrophy Psoriasis Rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis Scabies Scarlet fever Schizophrenia sciatica sciatic nerve compression pain Scrofula (see also tuberculosis) Sea sickness, Motion sickness Sebaceous cysts Septicemia (see also abscess) Severe acute respiratory syndrome (sars) Uriticaria, skin allergy, psoriasis, etc sleeplessness Smallpox Sore throat Spermatorrhoea, nocturnal emissions or wet dreams Spinal diseases (spinal meningitis, spinal cord injury, spinal stenosis, cervican spine spondylitis spondylosis) Spleen pain, infection, enlarged spleen sunstroke, heatstroke Surgical shock, postoperative shock Swine flu / swine influenza Synovitis inflammation of a synovial membrane Syphilis Toothache Tetanus Tonsillitis Tuberculosis Cancer treatment typhoid fever urinary tract infection (uti) Cystitis Urticaria Vertigo Vitiligo Vomiting Warts on hands, feet, face, neck Weakness and fatigue Whooping cough Worms, intestinal worms
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Popular Questions & Answers

Dear Doctors I am a citizen of Iraq and I have signs of myasthenia griva. I want to know from you what are the treatment methods and what is the period of time required for recovery and how much treatment is required With regards

Dr. Jatin Soni 94% (33007 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
It is an auto immune disease and which can be controlled but not cured fully and Few tips- avoid any triggering factor, take folicacid regularly, eat a healthy diet, always be stress free , exercise regularly and steroid medication can help to reduce symptoms and if necessary we can plan for thymus removal surgery after clinical examination

I am suffering from myasthenia gravis. What are the steps that I should take to keep myself fit. Is there any complete solution for it.

Dr. Pallavi Jain 88% (13 ratings)
BPT, MPT
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
Myasthenia Gravis leads to weakness of muscles You must do regular exercises in order to maintain an active lifestyle.

He's 25 year old and was been diagnosed as myasthenia gravis ocular so he's been advised to take medicine for 2 years and said to be completely alright after than so is it possible? And will he be going to be alright all again? Or ocular myasthenia gravis gonna be generalised? How much chances of getting worsen?

Dr. Rahul (Pt) 90% (253 ratings)
BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Agra
Hello myasthenia gravies is a neuromusclular disorder in which there is progressive muscles weakness specially muscles of face, drooping eye lid etc, there is no cure of this condition but can only management of it, hence go to physiotherapist for better treatment plan to fight with this disease,

My sister is detected with myasthenia gravis. She is having problem of double vision and put on steroids. Currently she is having severe pain in her left eye (same eye which is having problem of double vision). She was suggested for eye muscle exercise by one of the eye specialist but other eye specialist refused to assist in muscle exercise by machines because of myasthenia gravis. We don't know what to do. Can any of you please help in this case. Thanks.

Dr. Rajagopal Kunnatur 90% (398 ratings)
Phaco Development Program, Fellowship in Pediatric Ophthalmology, DNB Ophtalmology, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Mysore
First and foremost double vision is a binocular phenomenon in this case. So you cannot say double vision is in one eye only. Myesthenia gravis is a disease affecting all voluntary muscles in the body. So adequate treatment for the disease is a must. Muscle exercises will not help in her case. Consult the physician who is treating her for myesthenia and get the dose of her medication adjusted.