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Oral Contraceptives: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Oral contraceptive pills are medications that prevents unwanted pregnancy. Oral contraceptives are hormonal preparations that may contain a combination of hormones oestrogen and progesterone or progesterone alone. When given in certain amounts and at certain times during the menstural cycle, these hormones prevent the ovary from releasing an egg for fertilization.

How is the treatment done?

Oral contraceptives have many effects that can prevent an unwanted pregnancy from taking place but the main action of these pills is- it stops a woman’s egg from fully developing each month. Thus the egg can no longer accept a sperm and as a result fertilization is prevented. Pills which contain a combination of oestrogen and progesterone prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the release of the hormones luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone from the pituitary gland in the brain. Luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone help in the development of egg and preparation the lining of uterus for the implantation of the embryo. Progesterone also functions as the hormone which makes the uterine mucus that surrounds the egg and make it more difficult for the sperm to penetrate the egg and therefore or fertilization to take place. In some women, progesterone also inhibits ovulation. There are different types of combination birth control pills- monophasic, biphasic, triphasic. Most birth control pills are packaged as 21-day or 28-day units. For the 21-day packages, tablets are taken daily for 21 days. This is followed by a seven day period during which no pills are taken. Then the cycle repeats. For 28-day units, medication is taken for 21 consecutive days, followed by a seven day period during which placebo tablets are taken. Women just starting to take the pills should also use additional contraception for the first seven days of use because pregnancy may occur during this period.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any woman who does not want to get pregnant and does not have medical histories like migrane, blood clots, breast cancer can use oral contraceptive method to prevent pregnancy but it is advised to consult a doctor before taking the pills.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Women who smoke and especially those who are over thirty five years of age and women with certain medical conditions like history of blood clots or breast or endometrial cancer, are advised against taking oral contraceptive pills as these conditions can increase the risks of the pills.

Are there any side effects?

The most common side effects of birth control pills are nausea, headache, breast tenderness, weight gain, irregular bleeding and mood alterations. Women with a history of migrane may suffer increased migrane frequency. Oral contraceptives may also aggravate insulin resistance and thus pose a risk of diabetes. Though uncommon, oral contraceptives can lead to increase in blood pressure, blood clots, heart attack and stroke.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are no such post treatment guidelines.

How long does it take to recover?

A combined pill is packaged in either 21 day or 28 days everyday pack.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Some pills usually cost more than thousand rupees. While some may cost hundred rupees. Cost depends on the type of pills used. Many health clinics sell these birth control pills for less amount.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The birth control pills work when taken at the right time and right amount for the prevention of pregnancy. So, the result of taking the pills will be as desired.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Women can use some other ways of preventing pregnancy such as the injection known as Depo Provera which is injected every three months. Women can also use vaginal ring known as Nuvaring, that is squeezed and placed in the vagina for three weeks and is taken out for a week during periods and then replaced with a new ring. Women can also use hormone UID and copper UID.

Popular Questions & Answers

Is there any oral contraceptive way for men? If yes then name few. If no then name few female oral contraceptives.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
For males there is no contraceptive pills in market. For ladies there are innumerable ovral -l. Femilon. Mama -d. Mama -n.
1 person found this helpful

So can I take duoluton l as contraception? And may I know how to take the course.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fellowship in Day care Gynaecological Endoscopy
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Yes you can take duoluton l as a contraceptive but I will suggest you take an alternative contraceptive pills which contains lesser amount of estrogen and third generation progesterone. Duoluton l contains .05 mg of estrogen whereas newer contrace...

Which is the safest oral contraceptive and vaginal contraceptive and how to avoid pregnancy.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Warangal
There is nothing called safest coz there are failure chances for every pills . Still it can protect 95% you can consult me for dosage and type

My friend has taken contraceptive pills now she is not getting pregnant .is this because of contraceptive pills.

fellow in Obstetric Medicine , MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
Not really! The fertility tends to return quickly after stopping the pills. However may take about six months for some. It wad be a Good idea to visit a gynaec who cud rule out other causes of infertility.
1 person found this helpful

Doctor could you please let me know is there any side effects of using contraceptive pills. Thank you.

D A, MBBS
Anesthesiologist, Bangalore
Low dose pills available now. Its quiet safe. Stopping intermittently and restarting will further reduce the limited side effects.
2 people found this helpful

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Content Details
Written By
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery,Diploma In Gynaecology & Obstetrics,DGO,DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gynaecology
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